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Maine Receives $8.3 Million as Part of Unprecedented USDA Regional Conservation Partnership Program funding

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Fish swimming in Maine Stream. NRCS photo

Funding is part of single largest investments in climate and clean energy solutions in American history.

BANGOR, Maine (Nov. 7, 2023) – The U.S. Department of Agriculture announced improvements to the Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP) as well as an unprecedented $1 billion investment to advance partner-driven solutions to conservation on agricultural land through 81 projects. Maine will receive $8.3 million in funding through two projects.

RCPP leverages a voluntary approach to conservation that expands the reach of conservation efforts and climate-smart agriculture through public-private partnerships. Historic funding is made possible by both the Inflation Reduction Act, part of President Biden’s Investing in America agenda, and the Farm Bill.
“The unprecedented demand for the Regional Conservation Partnership Program, shows how much interest there is from producers and partners for voluntary conservation on the ground,” said Acting Maine State Conservationist Tony Jenkins for USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). “USDA is making historic investments and streamlining the program to make it work better for producers and partners. The combination of historic investments and streamlining actions will deliver conservation at a scale never before achieved through RCPP.”  

RCPP Improvements 

NRCS has identified ways to streamline and simplify RCPP, ease the burden on employees and partners, and help maximize flexibility for partners to leverage their investments with NRCS resources and capabilities.  

Through a concerted effort over the past eight months, using guidance, feedback and expertise from partners, employees, leadership and stakeholders, NRCS has identified several improvements that the agency will implement in the months and years ahead. 

Improvements include: 

  • Streamlining RCPP agreements for fiscal year 2023 awards and moving to one programmatic agreement to begin implementing the RCPP projects awarded under the fiscal year 2024 notice of funding opportunity. This will allow partners to more quickly begin implementation of their RCPP projects. 
  • Entrusting program management and negotiation to the State Conservationists, who lead NRCS programs in each state, further encouraging the locally led process and ensuring the necessary technical needs and costs were realized before project proposal submission. 
  • Establishing parameters and expectations for easement negotiations, including availability of easement deed templates and established program processes to reduce partnership agreement negotiation and implementation timeframes. 
  • Improving RCPP guidance and training, ensuring RCPP policies and procedures are communicated in a uniform and consistent manner. 
  • Enhancing existing business tools to improve the user experience while beginning development of new business tools that, through integration and automation, will reduce the time required for agreement negotiation, processing obligations and making payments to partners. 

For the full list of RCPP improvements NRCS has identified for future implementation, visit our website.  

Once improvements have been implemented, NRCS estimated that the negotiation time of RCPP agreements with U.S.-held easement activities will be reduced from 15 months to three months, and from 19 months to three months with entity-held easement activities. 

The RCPP improvements are coming at a critical time, as they will strengthen NRCS’ ability to implement the Inflation Reduction Act, which provided $4.95 billion in additional funding for the program over five years.

In Maine the projects are:

Focused In-Stream Habitat (FISH)
Lead Partner: State of Maine, Department of Marine Resources
Total Funding Request: $5,981,860.00
The Focused In-Stream Habitat aims to substan
tially improve in-stream habitat (including habitat diversity, habitat cover, and sediment sorting) to create spawning and rearing habitat in a focused effort in the three salmon habitat recovery units in Maine. The primary watersheds for this project were chosen based on their documented lack of large wood or insufficient channel complexity, based on physical habitat surveys. The project will implement a suite of NRCS practices, specifically focusing on large, complex in-stream habitat enhancement projects (i.e., engineered log jams and installations using rock and wood), that we expect to improve in-stream habitat and stream function.

Headwaters Restoration
Lead Partner: Rangeley Lakes Heritage Trust
Total Funding Request: $2,439,024.00
The Penobscot Indian Na
tion and the Rangeley Lakes Heritage Trust (RLHT) have partnered for the Headwaters Restoration project which will improve fish and aquatic organism passage while restoring and enhancing instream habitat for Eastern brook trout in the mainstem and tributaries of the Kennebago River and in Alder Stream. This project’s goals include enhanced climate resilience, a more natural flow regime and sediment transport, and habitat connectivity and associated fish and wildlife benefits.

"RLHT is excited to partner with the Penobscot Indian Nation to continue restoration work in the Kennebago and Alder Stream watersheds,” RLHT Executive Director David Miller said. “This work will ensure healthy, robust populations of our native brook trout for generations in the face of climate change."

The Farm Bill and Inflation Reduction Act provided funding for this year’s RCPP projects. 

With this $1.1 billion investment, NRCS has more than doubled the initial allocation for 2023 to capitalize on the unprecedented demand for RCPP and ensure project partners have the maximum amount of time to successfully implement conservation activities before funds expire in fiscal year 2031. Nationwide, there are: 

  • 77 climate-focused projects ($1.02 billion in funding).  
  • Twenty-two projects focused on water quantity and conservation (more than $338 million in funding).  
  • Three RCPP Classic projects are led by Tribes (more than $58 million in funding).  
  • Sixteen projects support the protection and restoration of wildlife corridors ($216 million in funding).  
  • Ten projects focus on urban agriculture ($123 million in funding).

For a full list of selected projects visit our website.  
Since inception, RCPP has made 717 awards involving over 4,000 partner organizations. 

Inflation Reduction Act Boosts Voluntary Conservation Programs

Through the Inflation Reduction Act, USDA has enrolled more farmers and more acres in voluntary conservation programs than at any point in history, following a backlog that has existed for years. In 2023, USDA enrolled nearly 5,300 additional producers in conservation programs across all 50 states (above what otherwise would have been possible through Farm Bill and appropriations funding), which will provide significant climate mitigation benefits. This includes:

  • $100 million through the Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP);
  • $250 million through the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP); and
  • $250 million through the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP).

More Information   

In total, the Inflation Reduction Act provides $19.5 billion over five years to support USDA’s oversubscribed conservation programs, and it represents the single largest investment in climate and clean energy solutions in American history.  

USDA touches the lives of all Americans each day in so many positive ways. In the Biden-Harris administration, USDA is transforming America’s food system with a greater focus on more resilient local and regional food production, fairer markets for all producers, ensuring access to safe, healthy and nutritious food in all communities, building new markets and streams of income for farmers and producers using climate smart food and forestry practices, making historic investments in infrastructure and clean energy capabilities in rural America, and committing to equity across the Department by removing systemic barriers and building a workforce more representative of America. To learn more, visit


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