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Cropland

Cropland includes areas used for the production of adapted crops for harvest. Two subcategories of cropland are recognized: cultivated and non-cultivated. Cultivated cropland comprises land in row crops or close-grown crops and also other cultivated cropland, for example, hay land or pastureland that is in a rotation with row or close-grown crops. Non-cultivated cropland includes permanent hay land and pastureland.

It is the NRCS role to provide technical assistance for the conservation of our natural resources to ensure the continued production of food and fiber.

Major natural resource concerns facing cropland in Maine include: (1) erosion by water, (2) maintaining and enhancing soil quality, (3) and water quality from nutrient and pesticides runoff and leaching.

When a crop producer chooses to make Soil Health their focus, resource concerns are often resolved as a by-product of the practices they use to improve soil health. 

Some of the Agronomic Conservation Practices related to Cropland (and Soil Health) include:

  • Conservation Crop Rotation (328)
  • Cover Crop (340)
  • Integrated Pest Management (595)
  • Nutrient Management (590)
  • Residue Management – No till/Strip Till/Direct Seed (329)