Preferred water depth is 2-3 feet. Species tolerates permanently to
semi-permanently flooded conditions. Ten inch tall seedlings can survive
complete submergence for up to 45 days.
Seeds are eaten by waterfowl. Seed also provides food for insects, beaver,
and muskrats. Plants provide nectar source and habitat for insects. Also
provides nesting habitat for birds. Browsed by deer, muskrats, and beaver.
Provides reptile habitat.
Used in upper and lower shoreline zones and for streambank stabilization.
Availability, Establishment, and Maintenance
Transplants and seed have limited availability from vendors. Collect seed
in August-September and store in fresh water at 34o F.
Seed can be planted in wet mudflats or shorelines and requires light for
Plants establish easily from cuttings, but cuttings should be rooted
Rooted cuttings survive well. Small plants or seedlings may be
transplanted directly on the site at 5 feet on center density.
Growth rate is medium, 1-2 feet per year.
This species can form monocultures.
Common Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis
Nutrient Load Tolerance
Moderate to high
Flowering Color and Time
June to August
Partial to full sun
Tolerates full shade but may decline