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Illinois Native Plant Guide - Black Willow - Pages 126-127
Natural floodplain species. Species tolerates periodic inundation with up to
2 feet of water for short durations.
Provides nesting habitat for birds. Serves as a food source for morning cloak
butterfly, songbirds, waterfowl, woodpeckers, beaver, squirrel, and deer.
Used in upper shoreline zones and for streambank stabilization.
Up to 90 feet
Nutrient Load Tolerance
Moderate to high
Flowering Color and Time
April to May
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