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Climate Adaptation in the Caribbean Area

2021 Weather Summary for official San Juan, St. Croix & St. Thomas sites. 9th warmest year on record throughout islands. Driest year on record in St. Croix. Record maximum temperatures in San Juan (11) & St. Croix (18).

Drought Info:

National Weather Service San Juan 2021 Official Weather Station Summary

2021 was the 9th warmest year on record in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the driest year on record in St. Croix! Maximum temperature records were set 18 times in St. Croix and 11 times in San Juan.

Caribbean Area NRCS is helping to combat Climate Change by adopting and implementing several initiatives to improve farm energy efficiency and increase carbon sequestration. Converting land to forest, grassland or other perennial vegetation helps remove carbon from the atmosphere. Likewise, reducing on-farm energy use reduces greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. NRCS is an active member of the Caribbean Climate Subhub.

The USDA Southeast Regional Caribbean Climate Hub, located in Río Piedras, Puerto Rico, aims to help Caribbean Area producers manage risk in a variable climate. This multi-agency effort is led by Dr. William A. Gould, Research Ecologist with the USDA Forest Service International Institute of Tropical Forestry. The Caribbean Climate Sub Hub is one of seven regional hubs and three subsidiary hubs nationwide. The network of Climate Change Hubs work with USDA to deliver science-based knowledge and practical information to farmers, ranchers, and forest landowners to help them adapt to climate change and weather variability by coordinating with local and regional partners in federal and state agencies, universities, NGO’s, and the public.

The Hub provides:

  • Outreach and education for land managers on ways to mitigate risks and thrive despite change.
  • Technical support for land managers to respond to drought, heat stress, floods, pests, and changes in growing season.

How are climate change and weather variability affecting Caribbean producers?

Climate change directly affects agriculture and forestry in the Caribbean, but climate change in other regions can also impact agriculture. Global and local factors influence land owner decisions and farming success. Climate change in diverse regions affects supply and demand, value, agricultural economics, the state of agriculture and forestry, food security and the culture of rural life.

  • Climate change represents a threat to vulnerable food security in the Caribbean. We may find new vulnerabilities to pests and introduced species affecting people, livestock, wildlife and plants.
  • Prime agricultural lands and the most populous areas are predominantly coastal. Sea level rise and alteration of coastal hydrology are critical issues requiring engagement of many agencies and organizations.
  • Population densities in Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands are among the highest in the US. Space for agriculture is limited and the need to expand capacity is high. Unemployment and poverty levels are among the highest in the US and climate change represents an additional threat to rural economies.
  • Working lands are a contributor to the ecosystem services provided by open space, including clean water, habitat and biodiversity.

What's New in the Caribbean Area

Photos of hayfields, local Caribbean fruit and farmers on horsebackMore Information