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Farmland Protection Policy Act (FPPA)

What is the Farmland Protection Policy Act?

The National Agricultural Land Study of 1980-81 found that millions of acres of farmland were being converted in the United States each year. The Farmland Protection Policy Act (FPPA) is intended to minimize the impact federal programs have on the conversion of farmland to nonagricultural uses. It assures that—to the extent possible—federal programs are administered to be compatible with state, local units of government and private programs and policies to protect farmland. Federal agencies are required to develop and review their policies and procedures every two years. The act does not authorize the federal government to regulate the use of private or nonfederal land or, in any way, affect the property rights of owners.

Farmland includes prime farmland, unique farmland and land of statewide or local importance. Farmland subject to FPPA requirements does not have to be currently used for cropland. It can be forest land, pastureland, cropland, or other land but not water or urban built-up land.

Learn more at the national FPPA program.


Projects are subject to FPPA requirements if they may irreversibly convert farmland to nonagricultural use and are completed by a federal agency or with assistance from a federal agency.

It is the responsibility of the federal agency submitting the form to decide if farmland will be converted to non-agricultural uses. Activities not subject to FPPA include:

  • Projects on land already in urban development or used for water storage.
  • Loans to renovate existing structures.
  • Projects planned and completed without the assistance of a federal agency.
  • Construction within an existing right-of-way purchased on or before Aug. 4, 1984.
  • Construction for national defense purposes.
  • Construction of on-farm structures needed for farm operations.
  • Surface mining, where restoration to agricultural use is planned.
  • Construction of new minor secondary structures such as a garage or storage shed.

Materials needed

1. AD-1006 form (PDF; 152 KB) form with parts I and III filled out (CPA 106 for corridor-type projects).

2. Preferred submittal would provide digital data of the project.

  • Export data to ArcGIS shape file format  (polygon outlining project boundary).

3. If digital data is unavailable, submit maps showing the project area:

  1. Use points and lines on USGS 7.5 minute quadrangle topographic maps with the project area that will be converted accurately delineated. Use polygons only when they can accurately describe the project area to scale.
  2. Provide dimensions of the area to be converted or if the project extends along a corridor, the width and length of each segment of the project.
  3. Give other clues to the location – Quad name, “2 miles south of . . .”, etc.

4. Cover letter with as many specifics of the project.

a. Include any dimensions from 2(b) above.

b. Include other directions.

c. List the county or counties where the project is located.

What’s not needed?

  • Pictures of the project.
  • Copies of other agencies comments.
  • General questions concerning vegetation, environmental review, unique features, etc. The FPPA pertains only to the conversion of prime farmlands.

FPPA Manual (2012)

Submit Florida FPPA requests to:

LeRoy Crockett, resource soil scientist, 850-412-7809
Perry Paige Bld, suite 305N
1740 Martin Luther King Blvd, Tallahassee, FL 32307