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Vermont's State Soil

Vermont's State Soil

Vermont's State Flag

State flower: Red Clover

State bird: Hermit Thrush

State soil: Tunbridge

It may come as a surprise but Vermont has its own State Soil!

What is a State Soil?

A state soil is represented by a Soil Series that has special significance to a particular state. Each state has selected a State Soil. These "Official State Soils" share the same level of distinction as official state flowers and birds. There was an exhibit of all State Soils at the Smithsonian Museum in Washington, D.C. The Tunbridge series became the third official State Soil in the country in March 1985. The series was named after the town of Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont.

Soil series are areas that have similarities between soil characteristics. They are grouped and labeled as series because their similar origins, chemical, and physical properties.  Soils of the same series "behave" similarly for land use purposes. A soil series name generally is derived from a town or landmark in or near the area where the soil series was first recognized. Some other examples of series names in Vermont are Cabot and Vergennes.

A soil series is a naturally occurring entity on the landscape. Therefore, a given series is not restricted within the confines of only one state. Consequently, a number of state soils range beyond their respective states. Our state soil Tunbridge is also found in New York, Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts. See Figure 1 (below).

Extent of the distribution of Tunbridge Soils

Extent of Tunbridge Soils