Skip Navigation

Climate Data

Henry Mount Soil Temperature and Water Database

Find soil climate data collected by NRCS staff from stand alone sensors and weather stations. Upload  soil temperature, soil moisture, and air temperature data.

Java Newhall Simulation Model

A soil temperature and soil moisture simulation model developed in 2011.

NOAA-NCEI Data Access

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) is the world’s largest provider of weather and climate data. Land-based, marine, model, radar, weather balloon, satellite, and paleoclimatic are just a few of the types of datasets available.

NWCC Climate Station Map

Find National Water and Climate Center (NWCC) climate stations, with station data inventories based on sensor and geographic filters.

SCAN Program

Soil Climate Analysis Network (SCAN) is a soil climate monitoring program consisting of 200 automated data collection sites designed to support natural resource assessments and conservation activities. A typical SCAN site monitors soil moisture content at several depths, air temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation, wind speed and direction, liquid precipitation, and barometric pressure.

Soil Climate Research Stations

Stations in Alaska and Antarctica installed to study the effects of climate change detected in the seasonal thaw characteristics and active-layer depths of permafrost soils. Nine stations on the North Slope of Alaska primarily focus on monitoring soil temperature and soil moisture. Nine stations in the McMurdo Dry Valleys and Ross Sea region of Antarctica are part of a collaborative project between NRCS, Landcare Research of New Zealand, and the University of Waikato of New Zealand. Each station measures atmospheric parameters and soil parameters (moisture and temperature).

SNOTEL Network

The Snow Telemetry (SNOTEL) network is composed of over 800 automated data collection sites located in remote, high-elevation mountain watersheds in the western United States. They are used to monitor snowpack, precipitation, temperature, and other climatic conditions. The data is transmitted to a central database, where it is used for water supply forecasting, maps, and reports.

United States Drought Monitor

A weekly map of drought conditions produced jointly by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the National Drought Mitigation Center at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. The map is based on measurements of climatic, hydrologic and soil conditions as well as reported impacts and observations from more than 350 contributors around the country.