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Digital Collection of Selected Historical Publications

“A Digital Collection of Selected Historical Publications on Soil Survey and Soil Classification in the United States of America” comprises a selection of scanned maps, photographs, unpublished reports and government publications that provide some historical perspective on soil survey activities and the development of soil classification in the United States. The objectives of the project were (1) to preserve and increase access to historical soil maps and “grey literature”, and (2) to encourage research, study and use of historical documents. The scanned documents cover various topics such as tropical soils; the history of the National Cooperative Soil Survey; historical development and theory of soil classification; field excursions organized for 1st and 7th International Congresses of Soil Science; soil survey investigations; and Soil Taxonomy. The series of historical soil maps, 1909-1998, illustrates several conceptual changes in soil geography and soil classification at the national and regional (province-based) scales.

Project contributors were William R. Effland, Douglas Helms, Hari Eswaran, Paul Reich, Sharon Waltman and Amy Yeh. Initially, Douglas Helms suggested scanning several historical documents for distribution at the 18th World Congress of Soil Science in Philadelphia, PA, USA during July 9 to 15, 2006. Several years prior, Sharon Waltman provided the original scanned version of Marbut’s 1931 soil map which helped catalyze scanning additional national scale soil maps.

The project was a preliminary effort to distribute selected historical maps and documents. Some scanned documents may have minor errors in spelling, etc. due to the limitations associated with optical character recognition (OCR) technology and various page formats which are difficult to scan correctly. Interested persons with questions about the scanned files may contact the project leader at william.effland@wdc.usda.gov.
 

Citation

Effland, W.R., D. Helms, H. Eswaran, P. Reich, S. Waltman and A. Yeh. 2006. “A Digital Collection of Selected Historical Publications on Soil Survey and Soil Classification in the United States of America”, Soil Survey Division, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC.
 

Contents

Each ZIP file contains the items referenced in the bulleted lists.

Bibliography Tropical Soils (ZIP; 13.7 MB)

  • Orvedal, A.C. 1975. Bibliography of Soils of the Tropics. Vol. I. Tropics in General and Africa. Tech. Ser. Bull. No. 17, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Tech. Assist. Bur., Office of Agriculture, Washington, DC. 255 pp.
  • Orvedal, A.C. 1977. Bibliography of Soils of the Tropics. Vol. II. Tropics in General and South America. Tech. Ser. Bull. No. 17, U.S. AID, Tech. Assist. Bur., Office of Agriculture, Washington, DC. 242 pp.
  • Orvedal, A.C. 1978. Bibliography of Soils of the Tropics. Vol. III. Tropics in General and Middle America, West Indies. Tech. Ser. Bull. No. 17, U.S. AID, Tech. Assist. Bur., Office of Agriculture, Washington, DC. 178 pp.
  • Orvedal, A.C. 1980. Bibliography of Soils of the Tropics. Vol. IV. Tropics in General and Islands of Pacific and Indian Oceans. Tech. Ser. Bull. No. 17, U.S. AID, Tech. Assist. Bur., Office of Agriculture, Washington, DC. 155 pp.
  • Orvedal, A.C. 1983. Bibliography of Soils of the Tropics. Vol. V. Tropics in General and Tropical-Mainland Asia, Pakistan, Nepal and Bhutan. Tech. Ser. Bull. No. 17, U.S. AID, Tech. Assist. Bur., Office of Agriculture, Washington, DC. 325 pp.

Charles E. Kellogg (ZIP; 7.37 MB)

  • Kellogg, C.E. 1940. Reading for Soil Scientists, Together with a Library. Jour. Amer. Soc. Agron. 32(11):867-876.
  • Kellogg, C.E. 1961. Soil Interpretation in the Soil Survey. United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. Issued April 1961, 27 pp.
  • Kellogg, C.E. 1962. Useful Items for a Long Journey of Soil Exploration. United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. Revised, May 1962, 4 pp.
  • Kellogg, C.E. 1971. Reading for Soil Scientists, Together with a Library. United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. Revised.

David R. Gardner (ZIP; 592 KB)

  • Gardner, D. R. 1957. The National Cooperative Soil Survey of the United States. Doctoral Thesis, Graduate School of Public Administration, Harvard University, 270 pp.

Marbut Transcontinental Excursion (ZIP; 54.7 MB)

  • Marbut, C.F. 1927. The Transcontinental Excursion Under the Auspices of the American Soil Survey Association (Descriptions, Discussions and Interpretations of Soils and Soil Relationships along the Route of the Excursion). Unpublished manuscript. First International Congress of Soil Science, Washington, DC.

Marlin G. Cline (ZIP; 62.9 MB)

  • Cline, M.G. 1979. Soil classification in the United States. Agronomy Mimeo No. 79-12, Cornell University Department of Agronomy, Ithaca NY. 207 pp.

Photographs (ZIP; 32.2 MB)

  • Source: Unknown
    • Photograph of 1927 Field Excursion with the 1st International Congress of Soil Science.
  • Source: Transactions of the 7th International Congress of Soil Science, Madison, WI, USA, 1960
    • Photograph of 1960 Field Trip in Wisconsin with the 7th International Congress of Soil Science
    • Photograph of 1960 Field Trip in California with the 7th International Congress of Soil Science
    • Photograph of 1960 Field Trip in Iowa with the 7th International Congress of Soil Science
    • Symbol and Motto of 7th International Congress of Soil Science, 1960

Posters (ZIP; 33.1 MB)

  • Effland, W.R., H. Eswaran, D. Helms and P. Reich. 2005. A Chronological History of Science for Soil Survey in the United States of America: 1899 to 2006. Poster Session: Recent Developments in the National Cooperative Soil Survey. Agron. Abstr. http://www.acsmeetings.org/2005/ Verified on June 8, 2006.

Roy W. Simonson (ZIP; 7.87 MB)

  • Simonson, R.W. 1986, 1987. Historical aspects of soil survey and soil classification.
    • I. 1899-1910. Soil Survey Horizons. Spring 1986. v. 27 (1): 3-11;
    • II. 1911-1920. Soil Survey Horizons. Summer 1986. v. 27 (2): 3-9;
    • III. 1921-1930. Soil Survey Horizons. Fall 1986. v. 27 (3): 3-10;
    • IV. 1931-1940. Soil Survey Horizons. Winter 1986. v. 27 (4): 3-10.
    • V. 1941-1950. Soil Survey Horizons. Spring 1987. v. 28 (1): 1-8;
    • VI. 1951-1960. Soil Survey Horizons. Summer 1987. v. 28 (2): 39-46.
    • VII. 1961-1970. Soil Survey Horizons. Fall 1987. v. 28 (3): 77-84.

Scanned Maps – US Soils (ZIP; 153 MB)

  • 1909 United States Soil Provinces
    • United States Soil Provinces [map]. 1:7,500,000 (approximate). IN: Whitney, M. 1909. Soils of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Soils Bulletin 55 (Plate I). Washington, D.C.
  • 1911 Preliminary Soil Map of the U.S. (G.N. Coffey)
    • Coffey, G.N. Preliminary Soil Map of the U.S. [map]. 1:5,000,000. IN: Coffey, G.N. 1912. A Study of the Soils of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Soils Bulletin 85. Washington, D.C.
  • 1913 US soil map (Figure 4)
    • United States soil map [map]. Scale not given. IN: Marbut, C.F., H.H. Bennett, J.E. Lapham, and M.H. Lapham. 1913. Soils of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Soils Bulletin 96 (Figure 4). Washington, D.C.
  • 1913 Soil Provinces and Soil Regions of the United States (Plate II)
    • Soil Provinces and Soil Regions of the United States [map]. 1:7,000,000. IN: Marbut, C.F., H.H. Bennett, J.E. Lapham, and M.H. Lapham. 1913. Soils of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Soils Bulletin 96 (Plate II). Washington, D.C.
  • 1931 Marbut soils map
    • Distribution of the Great Soil Groups (Soil Provinces) [map]. 1:8,000,000. IN: Marbut, C.F. 1931. Distribution of the Great Soil Groups (Soil Provinces). Atlas of American Agriculture (Soils, Plate 2), USDA Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, Washington, DC.
  • 1938 Soil Associations of the United States
    • Soil Associations of the United States [map]. 1:7,500,000 (approximate). IN: Baldwin, M., C.E. Kellogg, and J. Thorp. 1938. “Soil Classification,” Soils and Men: Yearbook of Agriculture 1938, p. 979-1001, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
  • 1973 General Soil Map
    • General Soil Map [map]. Scale not given. IN: Soil Survey Staff, USDA/SCS. 1975. Soil Taxonomy: A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys. U.S. Dept. of Agric. Handbook 436. U.S. Govt. Print. Off. Washington, DC. 754 pp.
  • 1987 Principal Kinds of Soils
    • Principal Kinds of Soils: Orders, Suborders and Great Groups [map]. 1987. 1:7,500,000. Original compilation in 1967 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. National Cooperative Soil Survey Classification of 1967, Reviewed 1985. IN: National Atlas of the United States of America. Department of Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston VA 22092.

STATSGO (ZIP; 13.8 MB)

  • Soil Survey Staff. 1998. Dominant Soil Orders and Suborders – Soil Taxonomy 1998, United States of America [map and poster]. 1:7,500,000. Maps and photographs, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. National Soil Survey Center, Lincoln, NE, NSSC 5502-0898-01

Soil Survey Investigations Reports (ZIP; 38.3 MB)

  • Gile, L.H., R.J. Ahrens, and S.P. Anderson (eds). 2003. Supplement to the Desert Soil Project Monograph – Soils and Landscapes of a Desert Region Astride the Rio Grande Valley Near Las Cruces, New Mexico. Vol. III, USDA/NRCS National Soil Survey Center, Lincoln, NE. 393 pp.
  • Ruhe, R.V., R. Daniels and J. Cady. 1967. Landscape evolution and soil formation in southwestern Iowa. USDA/SCS Tech. Bull. 1349. 258 pp.

Soil Taxonomy (ZIP; 164 MB)

Soil Survey Staff. 1960. Soil classification: a comprehensive system. 7th Approximation. USDA Soil Conservation Service, Washington, DC.