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SSM - Table of Contents

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Introduction to the Fourth Edition

Purpose
Need for Additions and Revisions
Online Access
Citation and Authorship
Acknowledgements
References

Chapter 1.—Soil and Soil Survey

Soil Survey—Definition and Description
Early Concepts of Soil
Early Development of Soil Classification
Modern Concept of Soil
Development of Soil Taxonomy
Scientific Foundation of Soil Survey
Development of the Soil Survey in the U.S.
References

Chapter 2.—Landscapes, Geomorphology, and Site Description

Introduction
Capturing Soil-Landscape Relationships at Various Scales
Placing Soil-Landscape Relationships in Their Proper Context
Consistently Describing Landscapes, Landforms, and Geomorphology
Parent Material
Bedrock
Lithostratigraphic Units
Erosion
Land Cover
Vegetation
Ecological Sites
Integrated Natural Resource Inventories
References

Chapter 3.—Examination and Description of Soil Profiles

Introduction
General Terms Used to Describe Soils
Studying Pedons
Designations for Horizons and Layers
Near Surface Subzones
Root-Restricting Depth
Particle-Size Distribution
Soil Texture
Rock Fragments and Pararock Fragments
Artifacts
Compound Texture Modifiers
Fragments on the Surface
Soil Color
Soil Structure
Internal Ped and Void Surface Features
Concentrations
Pedogenic Carbonates
Redoximorphic Features
Consistence
Roots
Pores
Animals
Selected Chemical Properties
Soil Water
Soil Temperature
References

Chapter 4.—Soil Mapping Concepts

Soil Mapping Process
Field Operation and Equipment
Soil Identification and Classification
Soil Map Units
Kinds of Map Units
Minor Components Within Map Units
Designing and Documenting Map Units
Naming Map Units
Orders of Soil Surveys
Correlation Steps
Quality Control and Quality Assurance
Records and Documentation
Soil Handbook
Soil Maps Made by Other Methods
Supporting Data
References

Chapter 5.—Digital Soil Mapping

Principles and Concepts
Stages and Processes
Applications of Digital Soil Mapping
Summary
References

Chapter 6.—Tools for Proximal Soil Sensing

Introduction
Common Geophysical Methods
Less Common Proximal Sensing Methods
References

Chapter 7.—Soil Survey Data Collection, Management, and Dissemination

Introduction
Automated Data Processing in Soil Survey
Recording Data and Information—Field and Lab
Soil Information Systems
History of Soil Data Management in the U.S.
References

Chapter 8.—Interpretations: The Impact of Soil Properties on Land Use

Introduction
Interpretive Models
Current U.S. Interpretive System
Map Units and Soil Interpretations
Interpretive Soil Properties
Dynamic Soil Properties
Interpretive Applications
Areal Application of Interpretations
References

Chapter 9.—Assessing Dynamic Soil Properties and Soil Change

Importance of DSPs
How to Collect DSPs for Soil Survey
Data Collection Plan
Analyzing Dynamic Soil Property Data
Summary of DSPs in Soil Survey
References

Chapter 10.—Subaqueous Soil Survey

Introduction
Sampling, Description, Characterization, and Classification
Soil-Landscape Relationships
Survey Methods and Procedures
Significance of Subaqueous Soil Information
References

Chapter 11.—Human-Altered and Human-Transported Soils

Introduction
Background
Importance
Occurrence
Identification
Description
Survey Methods and Procedures
Pedon Descriptions
References

Appendix 1.—Official Soil Series Description

Olton Series

Appendix 2.—Detailed Map Unit Description

OcA—Olton clay loam, 0 to 1 percent slopes

Appendix 3.—NCSS Soil Characterization Database

Appendix 4.—Web Soil Survey

Soil Survey Maps and Map Products