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Landscape Initiatives



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Map of EQIP Landscape Initiatives

NRCS has implemented a broad spectrum of initiatives since January of 2009. These initiatives enable NRCS to more effectively address priority natural resource concerns by delivering systems of practices, primarily to the most vulnerable lands within geographic focus areas.

Through these initiatives, NRCS seeks to accomplish: 


  • Conservation beyond boundaries—Landscape-scale natural resource concerns, such as species conservation and water quality, cannot be treated effectively based on geo-political boundaries.  NRCS recognizes that natural resource concerns transcend farm, county, and state boundaries.
  • A science-based approach — Findings from the multi-agency Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP) indicate the most effective way to increase protection of natural resources is to target conservation to the most vulnerable or valuable areas and to apply a systems rather than a practice-by-practice approach.  Within individual initiatives, the best available university and government science resources are used to define initiative targeting approaches.
  • Build on existing locally-led efforts and partnerships — NRCS seeks to maximize the success of initiatives by leveraging partner interest and resources through programmatic and other tools.
  • Regulatory certainty for agricultural producers — Where applicable, NRCS is working with regulators so agricultural producers can have certainty that the voluntary conservation systems they implement are consistent with current and potential regulation, as well as sustained agricultural production.

Special Projects

prairie pothole wetland, restoredPrairie Pothole Wetland and Grassland Retention Project (PPR)

Offering financial and technical assistance opportunities that can reduce
the conversion rate of grasslands and wetlands.


Landscape Conservation Initiatives


water pouring over a rock in a stream Bay Delta Initiative (BDI)

Improving water quantity and quality in the Bay Delta area of California for over 23 million people and irrigation water to four million acres of farmland.

Chesapeake Bay Watershed InitiativeChesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)

Supporting rural economies, protecting wildlife habitat and improving water quality in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed.

Everglades InitiativeEverglades Initiative (EI)

Improving water quality, controlling invasive plant species, improving wildlife and fish habitat and supporting rural economies in the Florida Everglades region.

Great Lakes Restoration InitiativeGreat Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI)

Restoring and protecting watersheds in eight states surrounding the Great Lakes that provide drinking water for over 40 million Americans and drive a $62 billion annual economy of fishing, boating and recreational activities.

Pelican sitting on stumpGulf of Mexico Initiative (GoMI)

Improving water quality, increasing water conservation and enhancing wildlife habitat within watersheds draining into the Gulf of Mexico in the states of Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas.

Illinois River and Eucha-Spavinaw Lake InitiativeIllinois River and Eucha-Spavinaw Lake Initiative (IRWI)

Reducing nutrients, bacteria and sediment and enhancing the economic viability of agricultural operations within the Illinois River Sub-Basin and Eucha-Spavinaw Lake Watershed of Arkansas and Oklahoma.

Lesser Prairie Chicken InitiativeLesser Prairie Chicken Initiative (LPCI)

Expanding Lesser prairie-chicken habitat and benefiting the long-term sustainability of producers’ agricultural operations in high priority habitat areas in the current range in the states of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas.

top of a longleaf pine tree at sunsetLongleaf Pine Initiative (LLPI)

Enhancing critical wildlife habitat and improving the health, sustainability and profitability of privately owned Longleaf pine forests in the southeastern United States.

Migratory Bird Habitat InitiativeMigratory Bird Habitat Initiative (MBHI)

Providing food, water and critical habitat for bird populations, supporting local economies by attracting hunters and bird watchers, and expanding opportunities for improved wildlife management.

barges and trees on the mississippi riverMississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative (MRBI)

Improving water quality, restoring wetlands, and enhancing wildlife habitat and agricultural profitability in priority small watersheds of the Mississippi River in the states of Arkansas, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

New England New York Forestry InitiativeNew England / New York Forestry Initiative (NENYI)

Helping keep forests as forests in the New England region that provide clean drinking water, support rural economies and protect wildlife habitat.

rowcrops on hillside in Driftless AreaDriftless Area Conservation Initiative (DALCI)

Targeting soil erosion and wildlife habitat to restore critical and rare habitat, increase grassland acreage and improve water quality in the four-state Driftless Area.

Ogalla Aquifer InitiativeOgallala Aquifer Initiative (OAI)

Reducing aquifer water use, improving water quality and enhancing the economic viability of croplands and rangelands in Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, New Mexico, Texas, South Dakota and Wyoming.

Flooding in the Red RiverRed River Initiative (RRBI)

Decreasing water quantity flowing into the Red River and its tributaries to reduce flooding potential, increasing water quality, and restoring wildlife habitat for migratory species.

Sage Grouse InitiativeSage Grouse Initiative (SGI)

Conserving Greater sage-grouse population by restoring its habitat and improving the productivity of ranching operations in 11 western states.

West Maui Coral Reef InitiativeWest Maui Coral Reef Initiative (WMCRI)

Reducing pollution to improve coastal water quality and coral reef ecosystem health in the Ka’anapali-Kahekili watershed of Hawaii.