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Modeling Resource Conservation Techniques through Innovative Farm Practices

CIG Projects in PIA | Pacific Islands Area NRCS
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Modeling Resource Conservation Techniques through Innovative Farm Practices

Grantee: Northern Mariana College - Cooperative Research Extension and Education Services

Abstract
The Northern Mariana Islands has a long history as being a farming community. It has been a practice since the Japanese Administration/occupation of the Mariana Islands. At one point before WWII, the Mariana Islands were known to be the major agricultural contributors to the world on sugar production. The CNMI farming community till this day has yet to adopt many of the farming techniques applied throughout the mainland United States. Many of the farming techniques applied at present use heavy tilling, manual weed pulling, and surface irrigation. These practices are viewed today as being very labor intensive and carries a heavy demand on our natural resources. Of the mentioned practices, irrigation is somewhat the largest concern due to the poor quality and availability of water throughout the islands. Because of this continued problem, Northern Mariana College�s Cooperative Research Extension & Education Services (NMC-CREES) as one of its agriculture development functions has been working with farmers on upgrading the efficiency of irrigation systems throughout the farmlands in the Marianas.

The objective of this project is to demonstrate a farm that actively uses conservation methods in the production of agricultural plant commodities. The following are the foreseen benefits associated with the use of such conservation practices.

  • Reduced water waste through the efficient use of micro-irrigation technology
  • Lower evaporation rate through the use of plastic and leaf litter mulch
  • Increased farming productivity by reducing manpower needs through no-till farming
  • Reduced soil runoff by planting along contours
  • Increased farming productivity by intercropping beneficial agricultural commodities
  • Increased use of these farming practices on CNMI farms
  • Increased public education with demonstrated conservation practices
  •    � Northern Marianas College: Soil Water Conservation CNMI - In English (PDF; 1.5 MB)
       � Northern Marianas College: Soil Water Conservation CNMI - In Carolinian (PDF; 60 KB)
       � Northern Marianas College: Soil Water Conservation CNMI - In Chamorro (PDF; 52 KB)