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FY 13 Conservation Implementation Strategy

 

A Conservation Implementation Strategy is a detailed description of a specific natural resource problem in a specific area that NRCS, local partners and landowners are proposing to solve over the course of a few years.

 

Baker | Benton | Clackamas | Clatsop | Columbia | Coos | Crook | Curry | Deschutes | Douglas | Gilliam | Grant | Harney | Hood River | Jackson | Jefferson | Josephine | Klamath | Lake | Lane | Lincoln | Linn | Malheur | Marion | Morrow | Multnomah | Polk | Sherman | Tillamook | Umatilla | Union | Wallowa | Wasco | Washington | Wheeler | Yamhill

 

North Coast Area Basin

Location Description Primary Resource Concern
Clatsop County    
Clatsop County small livestock owner - Water Quality Improvement Clatsop County small livestock owner - Water Quality Improvement

Reduce nutrient loading from tidal sloughs into Young's River and Young’s Bay Estuary by increasing riparian buffer areas and improving pasture production in Diking District #9.

Excess nutrients in water
Columbia County    
Columbia County Forest Diversity Initiative Columbia County Forest Diversity Initiative

This strategy is to work with private nonindustrial forest operations, concentrating efforts on ownership of 10 acres or more, to treat closed canopy stands in Upper Beaver Creek, Goble Creek, Upper Clatskanie River and Carcass Creek watersheds. Of the 8,569 acres of closed canopy stands in those watersheds, NRCS and its partners will treat 50% of that acreage (4,284 acres) spread throughout the watershed through this initiative. This will result in a change from the current 60% rate, to a closer historic rate of 30% PNIF in closed single canopy within that area.

Inadequate structure and composition
Tillamook County    
Tillamook County Water Quality Pasture CAFO Tillamook County Water Quality Pasture CAFO

The Goal is to improve Water Quality through proper application rates and timing to reduce or eliminate loss of fecal coli forms to surface water adjacent to Tillamook County Pasture and Hay land and therefore improve water quality to acceptable levels meeting State and Federal standards.

Excess pathogens in water
Nestucca Watershed Water Quality Nestucca Watershed Water Quality

The Goal in the Nestucca Watershed is to strategically put together multiple partner resources to stabilize temperatures and improve connectivity of wildlife habitat resulting in improved water quality and wildlife habitat in the Nestucca Watershed Council area of operation which includes the Sand Lake and Neskowin watersheds by focusing efforts of high priority projects. The Nestucca Watershed has been identified as a priority for funding through Ecotrust’s Whole Watershed Restoration Initiative (WWRI). Practices offered in this strategy will compliment with the goals of the WWRI: to restore and protect major ecological functions by removing risk factors and restoring damaged habitat-forming processes in the watershed.

Habitat degradation

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Lower Willamette Area Basin

Location Description Primary Resource Concern
Clackamas County    
Water Quality Concerns associated with Late Season/Winter Harvested Crops Water Quality Concerns associated with Late Season/Winter Harvested Crops

The goal is to minimize impacts to water quality from late season harvested crops and non-point source pollution on streams in the Boring-Damascus and South Canby-Molalla areas. The primary goal of this strategy is to address water quality degradation as a result of winter runoff associated with winter harvested crop enterprises. Out of nearly 30,000 acres in this type of production, most large operations have multiple fields/tracts. By working with a few producers to adopt buffers or other BMPs, the results can translate to a significant land area. Another goal is to prevent any more streams from TMDL listings due to temperature and/or pesticides. One way to determine this would be through multi agency water sampling and monitoring to show a reduction in the frequency of detection of pesticides.

Also see Lower Willamette Basin NIPF Wildland-Urban Interface

 

Sheet, rill & wind erosion
Fish Habitat Enhancement - Near Stream Fish Habitat Enhancement - Near Stream

The primary goal of this strategy is to reduce sediment in selected streams by increasing buffer width and to address water quality degradation as a result of near stream practices and lack of riparian buffers. A goal is to prevent any more streams from TMDL listings due to temperature and/or e-coli. One way to determine this would be through multi agency water sampling and monitoring to show improved summer temperatures and reduction in suspended sediments and e-coli. This plan will focus on properties within 1000’ of a high priority stream as shown on the CIS map.

Also see Lower Willamette Basin NIPF Wildland-Urban Interface

 

Habitat degradation
Marion County    
Stayton-Sublimity Irrigation Efficiency & Energy Savings Project Stayton-Sublimity Irrigation Efficiency & Energy Savings Project

Marion County is the largest agricultural producing county in the state of Oregon and with the population of Marion County expected to double by 2050, the identified resource concerns of water quantity and energy savings will become even more pertinent. Inefficient use of irrigation water have caused water to be mined from the aquifer and forcing restriction on the farmers and other water consumers in the identified focus area. Higher demands from surface water diverted from the North Santiam River at Stayton can affect threatened and endangered fish species with creating lower flows in a critical habitat stream system. The goal of the strategy is to convert as many inefficient irrigation systems to highly efficient irrigation system to save water and energy using EQIP funding, landowner commitment, and partner contribution in order to have plentiful water for irrigation & municipal needs.

Also see Lower Willamette Basin NIPF Wildland-Urban Interface

 

Inefficient use of irrigation water
Multnomah County    
  See Lower Willamette Basin NIPF Wildland-Urban Interface  
Polk County    
Polk County Wellhead Protection Polk County Wellhead Protection

The goal of this strategy is to utilize the EQIP program to assist landowners in this area to better manage their irrigation water, to make better choices in the selection and use of Nutrients and Pesticides on their cropland and to help buffer ground water resources from negative impacts of the agricultural operations in the area.

Also see Lower Willamette Basin NIPF Wildland-Urban Interface

 

Excess nutrients in water
Washington County    
Tualatin Basin Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Energy Conservation Tualatin Basin Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Energy Conservation

Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) contribute to climate change. Increasing demand and decreasing supply of fossil fuels leads to high costs for energy. The economic costs and environmental impacts of climate change and fossil fuel use are borne both by farmers and by society as a whole. Likewise, the solutions to these problems lie in both rural and urban areas. This strategy focuses on helping Washington County farmers reduce greenhouse gas emissions and conserve fossil fuels.

Also see Lower Willamette Basin NIPF Wildland-Urban Interface

 

Emissions of Greenhouse Gases
Degraded Riparian Ecosystems Degraded Riparian Ecosystems

Highly disturbed stream reaches in the Tualatin River Basin result in stressed populations of native aquatic and terrestrial species that depend on healthy riparian areas. Our goal is to implement resource management systems on agricultural lands bordering high priority streams in the target area.

Also see Lower Willamette Basin NIPF Wildland-Urban Interface

 

Habitat degradation
Yamhill County    
Yamhill County Surface Water Quality Yamhill County Surface Water Quality

There are 421,320 acres in Yamhill County that directly impact the quality of drinking water for communities in Yamhill County and in neighboring counties. There are 13 stream segments that are currently listed for water quality impairment on the Oregon department of Environmental Quality 303d list in the Yamhill Basin. The goal is to decrease impacts from cropland that contribute to water quality problems on the 11 stream segments in Yamhill County that are currently listed as water quality impaired.

Also see Lower Willamette Basin NIPF Wildland-Urban Interface

Pesticides in water
Lower Willamette Basin NIPF Wildland-Urban Interface Lower Willamette Basin NIPF Wildland-Urban Interface
Yamhill, Washington, Clackamas, Marion, Multnomah, Polk

Poor or non-existent management on non-industrial private forestland (NIPF) in the Lower Willamette Basin has resulted in excessive fuel load levels that dramatically increase the chance of catastrophic wildfires. Potential for wildfires are especially of concern in wildland-urban interface areas where wildfires can have devastating effects on homes, businesses and infrastructure. The general lack of management has resulted in overstocked forest stands, invasive species spread, and insects and disease that all contribute directly to the fuel loads. Without treatment, these hazardous fuel situations become more of a concern as more homes are built in areas prone to wildfires. In addition to the direct impact that a catastrophic fire would have in the surrounding communities, indirect impacts, such as increased erosion from burned over areas and from hastily laid out access roads are also a concern. The strategy goal is to decrease wildfire potential on non-industrial private forestland that is located within the wildland-urban interface and within 5 miles of any area identified by ODF as having moderate or high wildfire hazard rating.

Wildfire hazard, excessive biomass

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Upper Willamette Area Basin

Location Description Primary Resource Concern
Benton    
Fender's Blue Butterfly Grazing Enhancement Project Fender's Blue Butterfly Grazing Enhancement Project

The Fender’s Blue Butterfly has become “Endangered” due to inadequate habitat for wildlife and habitat degradation. This species was once widespread throughout Western Oregon and now resides in isolated populations. According to the USFWS “Recovery Plan for the Prairie Species of Western Oregon and Washington” the only way this species will be delisted is if the isolated populations merge and begin to interbreed.

Habitat degradation

 

Benton, Lane and Linn Oak Habitat Enhancement Project Benton, Lane and Linn Oak Habitat Enhancement Project

The goal of the project is to enhance 1,000 acres of threatened oak habitats within ODFW Conservation Opportunity Areas. In order to restore and expand oak woodlands and savannas, invasive weed species must be suppressed, trees that compete with oaks must be controlled, and new plantings of oaks must be established and maintained to ensure their prosperity. These tasks will be the focus of implementation plan, with the ultimate intention of revitalizing current oak populations and creating corridors to unite oak habitats that have previously been isolated. This will not only prevent the disappearance of Oregon White Oaks from their historic occupancy, but will improve the prospect of survival for many species that thrive in oak habitats.

Habitat degradation
Lane County    
Lane County Fire Protection Initiative Lane County Fire Protection Initiative

The purpose behind this initiative is to make measurable and significant progress towards treating a specific component of the complex system of forest management on non-industrial private forest lands in Lane County. This will be done through the strategic use of conservation programs, specifically through EQIP, as well as our partners’ programs such as Oregon Department of Forestry’s (ODF) Senate Bill 360 grants, and certification for sustainable healthy forests through certifying agents like Oregon Small Woodlands Association in the area. This approach will allow us to best focus our time and the time of our partners in the efforts to address this concern in the shortest timeframe possible.

Also see Benton, Lane and Linn Oak Habitat Enhancement Project

Wildfire hazard, excessive biomass
North Fork Siuslaw Forest Water Quality Lane County North Fork Siuslaw Forest Water Quality

The purpose behind this initiative is to use conservation programs to improve water quality in streams on private nonindustrial forest land through improved land management. In the Siuslaw area the watershed of highest concern is the North Fork Siuslaw River. This watershed supports strong populations of coho salmon, and other salmonids. The Siuslaw SWCD has focused on the North Fork Siuslaw River watershed to address water quality (sediment, temperature, nutrients). Landowners in this watershed have shown interest in USDA assistance, with several new EQIP participants in recent years. Targeting this area will provide assistance to landowners who have demonstrated interest and commitment.

Also see Benton, Lane and Linn Oak Habitat Enhancement Project

Excessive sediment in water
Linn County    
Linn County Pasture/CAFO Linn County Pasture/CAFO

The purpose of the Linn County Pasture/CAFO project is to provide landowners with the opportunity to significantly enhance water quality conservation measures. The goals of this project are to: 1. Have all Confined Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) obtain a Comprehensive Nutrient Management Plan (CNMP) by 2016. 2. Enhance water quality through the adoption (or increased level) of conservation practices by CAFOs.

Also see Benton, Lane and Linn Oak Habitat Enhancement Project

 

Excessive sediment in water
North Linn County Irrigation Efficiency North Linn County Irrigation Efficiency

The purpose of the North Linn County irrigation efficiency project is to provide landowners with theopportunity to significantly improve irrigation efficiency on their land, save energy, improve productivity, and improve in-stream habitat. The primary goal of this project is to increase the efficiency of farm irrigation systems on 10,000 acres within the project area by ten to thirty percent in the next seven years. Secondary goals are to decrease energy consumption by up to twenty percent, improve crop production capability, and increase stream flows during the irrigation season.

Also see Benton, Lane and Linn Oak Habitat Enhancement Project

 

Inefficient use of irrigation water
Lincoln County    
Siletz Forest Water Quality Siletz Forest Water Quality

The goal is to use conservation programs to improve water quality in streams on CTSI forest lands.

Excessive sediment in water

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Southwest Oregon Area Basin

Location Description Primary Resource Concern
Coos/Curry  County    
Coos/Curry - Surface Water Quality Coos/Curry - Surface Water Quality

The Coos/Curry Surface Water Quality Project focuses on improving the surface water quality of certain segments of Oregon’s Department of Environmental Quality (ODEQ) 303(d) listed streams located in the Coquille, Sixes, and Coos subbasins. This will include agricultural operations that are within ½ mile of the 303(d) listed stream segments in the identified basins. The goal is to assist producers in reducing point and non-point source pollution of excessive nutrients, organics, and sediment to adjacent streams and waterways.

Excess nutrients in water
Coos/Curry - Irrigation Automation For Cranberry Farms Coos/Curry - Irrigation Automation For Cranberry Farms

Excess or inefficient water delivery (timing and amounts) in cranberry irrigation systems is a priority resource concern. Cranberries are a wetland species that requires significant amounts of water and are vulnerable to frost and heat. The irrigation system is used for irrigation, frost protection, chemigation, and flood harvesting. Irrigation timing (length and duration), uniformity and net application rates are critical for crop health, vigor, and productivity. Research shows that over-irrigation decreases yields, however too little irrigation or application at the wrong time or duration (i.e., for frost protection) can result in complete crop loss. The goal of this strategy is to assist producers with water savings through improved irrigation efficiency and energy savings through reduced pump usage and fuel/electricity consumption via system component automation.

Inefficient use of irrigation water
Douglas County    
Douglas Pasture Health Douglas Pasture Health

The pasturelands in Douglas County are being overtaken by invasive brush species including English hawthorn, scotch broom and Armenian (himilayan) blackberry. This is creating a wildfire hazard, reducing pastureland productive capacity and reducing the habitat for wildlife. The goal is to restore pasture health by controlling invasive brush, installation of cross fencing, livestock water systems and implementation of prescribed grazing.

Excessive plant pest pressure
Jackson County    
Forest Stand Health and Fuels Reduction Forest Stand Health and Fuels Reduction

Forests in southwestern Oregon are under extreme environmental stress due in part to unnaturally high tree densities as a result of fire exclusion. The effects include the increased risk of uncharacteristically severe wildfire with resultant effects on soil, water, air, plant, animal, and human resources, increased risk of insects and disease, reduced wildlife habitat value, and decreased productivity and value of the timber resource. Jackson County consistently experiences one of the highest occurrences of wildfire in Oregon and has suffered devastating losses to life, property, natural resources, and community infrastructure. The goal is to promote healthy forest ecosystems and reduce the risk of uncharacteristically severe wildfire.

Wildfire hazard, excessive biomass
Little Butte Creek Agricultural Water Quality Improvement Project Little Butte Creek Agricultural Water Quality Improvement Project

The desired future condition is the improvement of water quality in the watershed. Specifically, the project will decrease bacteria and sediment counts as well as help lower or maintain lower water temperatures. There may be several methods of reaching this goal; this proposal will focus on conversion to sprinkler systems whose application rates do not exceed the soils infiltration rates, and the implementation of proper irrigation water management (IWM). The elimination of tailwater runoff and its associated pollutant load and elevated temperatures will improve water quality and therefore spawning and rearing habitat for salmonids, including the threatened coho.

Excess nutrients in water
Josephine County    
  See Forest Stand Health and Fuels Reduction  

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High Desert Area Basin

Location Description Primary Resource Concern
Harney County    
Integrated Pest Management of Medusahead Rye in the Riley Focus Area Integrated Pest Management of Medusahead Rye in the Riley Focus Area

Land managers adopt and implement IPM methods, resulting in no expansion of medusahead from current levels and significant reduction of medusahead acreage within the Focus Area.

Excessive plant pest pressure
Mule Deer Habitat Improvement in Harney County Mule Deer Habitat Improvement in Harney County

Treat 5,000 acres of Phase 1 and 2 invasive juniper on private lands to improve mule deer habitat by restoring bitterbrush, mountain mahogany, and aspen stands. In combination with other mule deer management actions, these habitat improvements are expected to result in increased numbers of mule deer in Harney County. (*Please note that only sites with aspen, bitterbrush, and/or mountain mahogany are eligible for funding.)

Habitat degradation
Working Lands for Waterbird Conservation Working Lands for Waterbird Conservation
Harney, Lake, Klamath

Since the early 1990s Irrigation water conservation has been a primary focus of NRCS in the High Desert Basin. The increased funding associated with the 2002 Farm Bill allow for treatment of significant amount of irrigated acres. Conversions from flood to sprinkler irrigation typically ranked amongst the highest projects. In 2006 the Directors of the Harney Soil and Water Conservation District raised concern for the extent of flood irrigation conversions and the lost of associated waterbird habitat. As a result, NRCS completed a program review to evaluate past efforts related to irrigation water conservation and potential impacts to water bird habitat. The goal of this strategy is to demonstrate the value in maintaining and enhancing flood-irrigated meadows to support foraging habitat for spring migratory water birds.

Habitat degeneration
Klamath County    
Upper Klamath Oak-Pine Woodland Habitat Restoration Project Upper Klamath Oak-Pine Woodland Habitat Restoration Project

To adequately reduce the threats of catastrophic wildfire and loss of habitat structure in oak-pine woodlands, in order to, maintain and enhance habitat value for wildlife and protect rural communities.

Also see Working Lands for Waterbird Conservation

 

Habitat degradation
North and South Fork Sprague River Irrigated Systems Implementation Project North and South Fork Sprague River Irrigated Systems Implementation Project

To improve the conditions of the Sprague River and the Upper Klamath Lake, this Klamath County NRCS conservation strategy will focus technical and financial assistance on critical non-industrial forest and juniper encroached rangeland along streams, wetlands, and spring areas to reduce excessive soil erosion and the sedimentation of critical aquatic habitat within the North and South Forks of the Sprague River watershed. It will also address inefficient irrigation water diversion and applications systems to address stream flow and water quality conditions of the Sprague River and Upper Klamath Lake.

Also see Working Lands for Waterbird Conservation

 

Inefficient use of irrigation water
Lake County    
Mule Deer Habitat Improvement Mule Deer Habitat Improvement

The goal of this project is to improve mule deer wintering habitat by changing the plant composition of the landscape to one less dominated by juniper. Although these watersheds encompass much larger acreages, the targeted area of juniper treatment on privately owned lands is between 5,000 and 6,000 acres. Future conditions will reflect a change in invading juniper by reducing the acreage of Phase I and II stands within the transition zones between pine forest and valley bottoms, dominated by grasses and forbs. Juniper control projects for mule deer habitat improvement should be directed to those areas in or immediately adjacent to the key habitat components of bitterbrush, mountain mahogany, and aspen stands. Understory grass and shrub components, especially bitterbrush and sagebrush, will be enhanced by controlling encroaching juniper trees. Mountain mahogany stands will have juniper removed to improve plant vigor and productivity. Aspen groves, another important component of mule deer habitat, will progress from single-aged to multi-aged tree stands that are more viable due to increased soil moisture availability.

Also see Working Lands for Waterbird Conservation

 

Habitat degradation
Medusahead Control on Rangeland in Southern Lake County Medusahead Control on Rangeland in Southern Lake County

In 2010, the Lake County Local Working Group identified invasive species and noxious weeds as a high priority resource concern. This was incorporated into the NRCS Long Range Strategic Plan as a resource problem to be addressed. Of particular concern was the spread of annual grasses on private and public grazing lands; specifically this focused on the invasion of medusahead on rangeland in the southern half of Lake County. Soils with surface textures higher in clay content are more susceptible to medusahead invasion. In Lake County these soil types are more prevalent in the Goose Lake, Lake Abert, and Summer Lake Basins. The main goals are for landowners to adopt and implement integrated pest management, to decrease the expansion of this invasive species, and to reduce the acres of medusahead on highly-susceptible soils in the focus areas.

Also see Working Lands for Waterbird Conservation

 

Excessive plant pest pressure

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Snake River Area Basin

Location Description Primary Resource Concern
Baker County    
Lower Powder River Watershed Irrigation Improvement Lower Powder River Watershed Irrigation Improvement

The goal of this project is to improve the management of water in combination with structural improvements to an irrigation system on 250 acres per year on irrigated crop and pasture land in the Lower Powder River Valley in 2013-2015. With more efficient irrigation systems and appropriate water monitoring and application, an estimated 260 acre feet will be saved allowing for water quantity to increase.

Inefficient use of irrigation water
Baker and Union County Forest Health Baker and Union County Forest Health

Forest stands in these watersheds are fire dependant ecosystems. An altered fire regime of fire suppression for the last 100 years has changed the landscape from open stands of ponderosa pine to a dense, mixed species stands with shade tolerant species, a higher occurrence of “ladder fuels” and dead down material. Because of this, the forest is more susceptible to severe wildfire, disease and damage by insects. A loss of vegetative cover on forest soils results in a significant decrease in water quality for T&E fish species. The goal of this project is to implement forest management that will improve forest health and reduce wildfire hazard on approximately 2,200 acres of non-industrial private forestlands in the Catherine Creek and Elk Horn management areas. The goal of this project is to implement forest management that will improve forest health and reduce wildfire hazard on approximately 2,200 acres of non-industrial private forestlands in the Catherine Creek and Powder River watersheds.

Wildfire hazard, excessive biomass
Malheur County    
Blackjack Butte Irrigation Improvement Blackjack Butte Irrigation Improvement

The Blackjack Butte Irrigation Improvement will provide landowners an opportunity to improve irrigation water delivery and increase irrigation efficiencies in the Blackjack Butte area. The goals of this project are to reduce the amount of irrigation runoff and erosion/sedimentation that leaves the area and to increase on-farm irrigation
efficiencies.

Excessive sediment in water
Newell Pipeline Irrigation Improvement Newell Pipeline Irrigation Improvement

The Newell Pipeline Irrigation Improvement will provide landowners an opportunity to improve irrigation water delivery and increase irrigation efficiencies in the Newell Pipeline area. The goals of this project are to reduce the amount of irrigation runoff and erosion/sedimentation that leaves the area and to increase on-farm irrigation efficiencies.

Excessive sediment in water
Union County    
Catherine Creek Irrigation Efficiency Project Catherine Creek Irrigation Efficiency Project

The purpose of the Catherine Creek Irrigation Efficiency Project is to provide landowners with the opportunity to significantly improve irrigation efficiency on their land while saving energy and improving productivity. The goal of this project is to increase the efficiency of irrigation systems in the Lower Catherine Creek Watershed from 50 percent to a minimum of 70 percent on 5000 acres in the next five years. This increase in efficiency will also improve stream flows and habitat conditions for Chinook salmon and other endangered salmonids.

See also Baker and Union County Forest Health

Inefficient use of irrigation water
Wallowa County    
Prairie Creek Irrigation Efficiency Improvement Prairie Creek Irrigation Efficiency Improvement

Irrigation water is diverted from Wallowa Lake into a 70 mile canal system with 300 miles of smaller ditches. The 4 main canals, Silver Lake, Farmers, Big Bend and Dobbin, are individual ditch companies managed by individual members of the canals. The individual ditches formed the Associated Ditch Company (ADC) to manage Wallowa Lake dam and diversions into each of the canals. Conveyance efficiency is estimated at 50 percent. The majority of on-farm irrigation is applied with wheel lines. The 300 miles of smaller ditches primarily supply water from the main canal to pumps or gravity system inlets. Typically, the smaller ditches provide water to multiple pumps belonging to multiple landowners. In order to keep screens and pumps supplied with sufficient water amounts in excess of need is diverted via the smaller ditches to provide constant flow to pumps and pipeline inlets. Unused water returns to Prairie Creek. The goal is to improve irrigation efficiencies in Prairie Creek, connect all pumping stations to the main canals by relocating pumps to the canals or piping water to the pumps.

Inefficient use of irrigation water
Leep/Parsnip Creek Upland Treatment Leep/Parsnip Creek Upland Treatment

The goal is to reduce the Spurge population by 75% and establish a Brown-legged leafy spurge flea beetle population on the core of the spurge infestation. Rangeland Health- specifically noxious and invasive weeds are identified as a priority resource concern in the Wallowa County Long Range Strategic Plan. The Wallowa SWCD is currently working on a comprehensive Leafy spurge management program. Leafy spurge is listed as a B-species on the Oregon Department of Agriculture Noxious weed list. It is also designated as a T-species which means it is targeted to minimize spread and promote the use of bio-controls. Leafy spurge has a limited distribution in Wallowa County which presents a prime opportunity to stop its expansion. The leafy spurge population in Parsnip Creek is identified as a priority containment area in the Wallowa County Integrated Weed Management Plan. Landowners in the Leap area have been battling the leafy spurge off and on for many years. There is 100% landowner participation in the area and a commitment from key partners to act now.

Excessive plant pest pressure

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John Day / Umatilla Area Basin

Location Description Primary Resource Concern
Gilliam County    
AFO/CAFO AFO/CAFO
Gilliam, Grant, Morrow

Provide an opportunity for all identified AFO/CAFO permit holders to successfully apply for and develop a Comprehensive Nutrient Management Plan, CNMP. Of the 27 total AFO/CAFO’s in the John Day/Umatilla (JDU) Basin, there are 16 identified by the Oregon Department of Agriculture whose “current” management plan is either outdated or not adequate for newly enacted State regulations that require plans that can address storage for a 25 year, 24 hour event. This is a water quality resource concern in the event of a leakage into surface or ground water. The identified operations are in need of updated CNMP’s to identify the needed and necessary improvements to avoid financial penalties and any contribution to resource degradation as a result of their operation.

Also see:

Excess pathogens in water
Upper Rock Creek Watershed Juniper Management Upper Rock Creek Watershed Juniper Management
Gilliam, Morrow, Wheeler

The goal of this project is to assist Upper Rock Creek Watershed landowners with the restoration of the plant productivity and health and vigor in the uplands and the hydrologic function on 9,000 acres of degraded rangeland which would result in an additional water savings of approximately 1,050 acre feet of water available annually.

Also see:

Excessive plant pest pressure
Thirty-Mile Watershed Enhancement Thirty-Mile Watershed Enhancement
Gilliam, Wheeler

Improve the plant condition on the uplands of the Thirty-Mile Watershed by removing 8,250 acres of the 16,500 acres of juniper identified within the watershed and promote partner funded installation of riparian buffers meeting state water quality standards on 34 additional miles of critical steelhead habitat and 303d listed Thirty-Mile Creek. Timeline is 2010-2014.

Also see:

 

 

Excessive plant pest pressure
Grant County    
Grant County - Mule Deer Winter Habitat Improvement – Murderers Creek & Heppner Wildlife Management Units Grant County - Mule Deer Winter Habitat Improvement – Murderers Creek & Heppner Wildlife Management Units

The reduction in shrubs, such as bitterbrush, mountain mahogany, currants, roses, sagebrush, and native grass dominated sites has reduced mule deer habitat, contributing to the reduced deer numbers in many areas of Grant and Morrow counties. Altered hydrologic cycles have resulted in reduced ground/surface water availability in the late season when it’s needed (late summer/early fall). Late succession juniper sites, where shrubs are mostly absent and perennial grasses are severely reduced, allow annual grasses and other noxious weeds to begin to invade the site. The goal of the project is to improve upland health in the grazed rangeland and forestland within the Grant County portions of the Heppner and Murderers Creek Unit of the Mule Deer Initiative.

Also see:

Excessive plant pest pressure
Grant and Morrow County Mule Deer Habitat Improvement – Aspen Restoration Grant and Morrow County Mule Deer Habitat Improvement – Aspen Restoration
Grant, Morrow

Aspen stands are in decline in the Murderers Creek and Heppner Units and much of eastern Oregon. Over the past century, aspen communities have declined due to heavy grazing and a lack of fire resulting in pine and conifer encroachment, with many aspen stands becoming very old with little or no regeneration. Due to the high and unique value of aspen woodlands to wildlife, NRCS and partners has a goal to restore and regenerate aspen stands in the two WMUs in Grant County and Morrow County.

 

Habitat degradation
Morrow County    
Morrow County - Mule Deer Winter Habitat Improvement - Heppner Wildlife Management Unit Morrow County - Mule Deer Winter Habitat Improvement - Heppner Wildlife Management Unit

The reduction in shrubs, such as bitterbrush, mountain mahogany, currants, roses, sagebrush, and native grass dominated sites has reduced mule deer habitat, contributing to the reduced deer numbers in many areas of Grant and Morrow counties. Altered hydrologic cycles have resulted in reduced ground/surface water availability in the late season when it’s needed (late summer/early fall). Late succession juniper sites, where shrubs are mostly absent and perennial grasses are severely reduced, allow annual grasses and other noxious weeds to begin to invade the site. The goal of the project is to improve upland health in the grazed rangeland and forestland within the Heppner Unit of the Mule Deer Initiative.

Also see:

Excessive plant pest pressure
Boardman - West Extension Irrigation Russian Olive Control Boardman - West Extension Irrigation Russian Olive Control

In the targeted 10,000 acres of irrigated pasture and cropland, 325 acres of Russian olive is outcompeting and replacing native vegetation, interfering with natural plant succession and nutrient cycling, and choking irrigation canals. The goal is to break a landowner/producer program participation barrier and enhance irrigation water availability through the control Russian olive.

Also see:

Excessive plant pest pressure
Umatilla County    
Hermiston Irrigation District T Line Hermiston Irrigation District T Line

The goal of this plan is to address inefficient water use, inefficient energy use, and impaired water quality needs for producers who are affected by the HID T Line conversion from open ditch to pipe. Using this change in the delivery system as an opportunity for outreach and implemention, the results would achieve more efficient water and energy use, while improving water quality strategies on farm. The parcel size of these landowners is between 2 and 145 acres. Many programs are not available to them to implement conservation work.

Also see:

Inefficient use of irrigation water
Wheeler County    
Mountain Creek Irrigation Mountain Creek Irrigation

Open ditch delivery systems are increasing irrigation inefficiencies on irrigated cropland, generally hay, in the Mountain Creek Watershed in Wheeler County. This impacts riparian areas, fish and wildlife habitat, and water quality and quantity. The efficiency of irrigation systems is the one component that NRCS has the capacity to help landowners improve and, thereby, help maintain or improve stream flow conditions for the resident fish populations. The goal of this strategy is to decrease stream temperatures by increasing irrigation efficiency to improve water quality, quantity, and fish habitat for migratory and resident salmonids.

Also see:

 

Inefficient use of irrigation water
Bear Creek Project Bear Creek Project

The goal of this project is to assist landowners within the Bear Creek Project area with the restoration of plant productivity, health and vigor in the uplands and hydrologic function on 7,350 acres of degraded rangeland which would result in an additional water savings of approximately 1,569 acre feet of water available annually.

Also see:

 

Excessive plant pressure
Wheeler Prescribed Burn - Waterman Flats Wheeler Prescribed Burn - Waterman Flats

Juniper expansion is degrading thousands of acres of rangeland in Wheeler County. This project will focus on reducing juniper through prescribed burn to avoid loss of productivity and diversity of plants native to the area and to assist in the restoration of hydrologic function on degraded rangeland.

Also see:

Excessive plant pressure
2013 JDU Forestry CIS 2013 JDU Forestry CIS
Wheeler, Umatilla, Grant, Morrow

The goal of this project is to provide an impact to the overall Non Industrial Private Forest health of the John Day/ Umatilla Basin by assisting landowners in creating a defensible buffer on their property to reduce the risk of fire and pest infestations moving from publicly held land onto private tracts. Through reducing stocking densities and slash loads currently in place, the buffer along the public forest/private forest interface will help protect future investments into long term forest health and ecosystem sustainability.

Also see:

 

 

Wildfire hazard, excessive biomass

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Deschutes Area Basin

Location Description Primary Resource Concern
Crook County    
Conant Creek Watershed Implementation Strategy Conant Creek Watershed Implementation Strategy

The locally defined desired future condition within the watershed is to restore the native plant community - species and production- to historic climax plant community as identified in soil survey. This will also result in restoration of hydrologic function, reduction of overland flow, decreased erosion and reduction in “flashy” flows in Conant creek and tributaries.

Also see Upper Deschutes Tri-County Forest Health

Excessive plant pest pressure
Deschutes County    
Upper Deschutes Tri-County Forest Health Upper Deschutes Tri-County Forest Health
Deschutes, Jefferson, Crook

The goal is to improve the overall health of forestland within and directly adjacent to the wildland urban interface on Non-Industrial Private Forestland (NIPF). Priority will be given to watersheds with significant resource and/or infrastructure concerns. Treating these areas will reduce the potential of experiencing adverse catastrophic wildfire impacts to forest resources and improve the overall health of the watershed. In addition, the strategy will reduce the density of overstocked stands, manipulate fuel arrangement and forest structures to minimize risk of unwanted stand replacement fires thereby improving the health and vigor of forestland and maintaining watershed function.

 

Wildfire hazard, excessive biomass
Hood River County    
Surface Water Quality/Quantity in Hood River Valley Surface Water Quality/Quantity in Hood River Valley

The primary objective of this project is to have 75% of the Hood River Valley's irrigated cropland that is of a 5% slope or more, converted to a low flow, efficient irrigation system (micro or drip) by 2015. This will in turn reflect a reduction in irrigation induced erosion. It is also a goal that by having more efficient systems, there will be less need to for water withdraw at irrigation diversions, so more flow may be left in the main water courses. By allowing more flow to remain in the channels during the peak irrigation season (and also hottest time of the year) the potential for surface waters to increase in temperature due to solar radiation will go down.

Also see Wasco & Hood River County Forest Health Improvement

Inefficient use of irrigation water
Wasco & Hood River County Forest Health Improvement Wasco & Hood River County Forest Health Improvement

This project is a collaborative effort between several partners including local, state and federal agencies and private landowners. The project will focus on improving forest health in the Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) forests and Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) forests in Hood River and Wasco Counties. The goal is to improve forest health affected by insect, disease and overstocking within the Wasco/Hood Management area by implementing forest stand improvement and slash treatment practices.

Wildfire hazard, excessive biomass
Jefferson County    
Reservation Wide Rangeland Reservation Wide Rangeland

The goal of this conservation strategy is to work with individual Tribal members and grazing districts by assisting them to identify and install all facilitative conservation practices on the rangeland. Once conservation practices are implemented, this will lead toward developing a sound natural resource management plan that protects the rangeland.

Also see Upper Deschutes Tri-County Forest Health

 

Inadequate livestock water
Mud Springs- NUID Lateral 58_11 Mud Springs- NUID Lateral 58_11

In this strategy, the 58-11 lateral canal would be replaced with a HDPE plastic pipeline starting at the diversion where 58-9 and 58-11 split, a distance of about 5 miles. 58-9 was piped in a previous project completed in 2012. A surge pond was built at this junction to take care of any excess water coming down the main canal due to lags in adjusting flow rates to the pipelines. Individual irrigators will need to modify or replace existing infrastructure to connect to the NUID pipeline and take advantage of the pressurized system. They may also be able to make improvements to their existing systems to more efficient sprinklers and better irrigation water management. Individual conservation plans will be developed to determine on farm needs and solutions. At a minimum the plans would include irrigation water management and water control structures at the points of delivery with water meters and other needed appurtenances. Some farms will also need irrigation pipelines to connect their existing systems to the new NUID pipe and improvement to existing sprinkler systems to maximize efficiency.

Also see:

 

Inefficient use of irrigation water
Sherman County    
John Day and Deschutes River Corridor Noxious Weed Program John Day and Deschutes River Corridor Noxious Weed Program

The NRCS and Partners will be working with Producers to treat areas along the John Day River and Deschutes River that currently host noxious weeds. The locally defined desired future conditions are to control approximately 70% - 80% of noxious weeds within a 2 mile corridor along the rivers, and to provide a healthier habitat for rangeland, wildlife and livestock grazing.

 

Inadequate structure and composition
Reduced Energy Use thorugh Farmable Structures (Terrace Renovation) Reduced Energy Use through Farmable Structures (Terrace Renovation)
Sherman, Gilliam, Morrow, Umatilla

Energy reduction can be accomplished by re-designing terrace structures to allow for larger equipment to move over them more efficiently. Terraces were designed and installed decades ago with much smaller equipment in mind. Many landowners are removing them because they are inefficient to farm around 20% increase in farmed acres. Many farmers are utilizing reduced tillage practices and direct seeding which has significantly reduced runoff by improving soil structure which dramatically increases water infiltration. This improvement in soil structure and infiltration rates decreases the storage capacity requirements of the terrace structures. Many of the terraces were overbuilt; meaning they are much larger structures than necessary. Many producers are eliminating the terraces, we would like to adapt them to work with today’s much larger equipment while retaining the integrity of the structures before they are all removed.

Inefficient energy use in field operations
Wasco County    
Antelope Creek Restoration Antelope Creek Restoration

A Conservation Implementation Strategy to address watershed health, natural resource sustainability and the economic viability of the Antelope Creek area. Project goal is to improve the watershed hydrologic condition in Antelope Creek watershed by removing juniper, increasing perennial grass productivity and restoring channel stability.

Excessive plant pest pressure
Beaver Creek Beaver Creek

Improve anadromous fish habitat in the Beaver Creek watershed. Two goals of this watershed project are to improve water quality and improve important fish spawning and rearing habitat. By removing common natural resource stressors like open logging roads/skidtrail, plugged culverts and uncontrolled livestock will reduce sedimentation and improve water quality.

Also see Upper Deschutes Tri-County Forest Health

 

Excessive sediment in water
White River Watershed Council Irrigation Efficiency White River Watershed Council Irrigation Efficiency

The purpose of this strategy is to outline the next actions needed to address critical water quality resource concerns in the White River Watershed. This strategy focuses on the irrigators and irrigation districts within the White River Watershed. Resource concerns addressed within the strategy include: Water Quality, Water Quantity, Soil Erosion, Soil Condition and Energy. The project area includes the White River Watershed and also the sub watershed of Wapinitia Creek. The goal is to improve the existing on-farm irrigation systems by upgrading to new technologies that are proven to conserve water, and to improve the delivery system by eliminating or reducing the loss of water through open ditches. In turn, water quality within the White River and its tributaries will improve as water is left in-stream. We estimate that 60% of the water is lost in the poor delivery systems and on-farm improvements can save estimated 20% to 40% additional water.

Excessive sediment in water