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Forest Management

Forest Management








Activities to improve the quality and quantity of forest stock and to maintain ground cover for soil and water conservation.

How it works

Existing forest land or other suitable land is dedicated to timber production. Optimum tree populations are determined by the types of tree, growth rate, and adaptability to the soils. Existing or newly planted trees are thinned, pruned or harvested to maintain desired production. Twigs, limbs and other debris are managed to minimize fire danger, maintain ground cover, reduce soil erosion, and provide wildlife habitat. As trees mature, they are harvested and replacements are established.

How it helps

  • Adds income to an operation
  • Reduces soil erosion
  • Improves water quality
  • Provides wildlife habitat
  • Adds beauty to the land
  • Sequesters carbon in the soil

Planning ahead

  • Do you want this land for livestock, woodland or both?
  • Will the trees you are growing be marketable?
  • Can the soil support the type of trees and product you want?

Technical notes

  • Grow trees that are suitable to your soils.
  • If grazed by livestock, properly use vegetation.
  • Cut undesirable trees and shrubs that are competing with desired species for sunlight and moisture.
  • Thin trees, hardwoods or conifers to proper spacing recommendations based on tree size and potential growth.
  • Plan harvest operations to minimize damage to remaining trees, the soil and roads.


  • Control weeds, brush and competing plants by mowing, spraying or cutting.
  • Mow vegetative growth around new plantings until trees are three to four feet high.
  • Periodically check for rodent, insect or disease damage.