Tree planting is used to establish trees in areas adapted to woodlands.
How it helps...
Improving stands of woodlands can increase profits
Ground cover created by trees and associated debris protects soil for rill and sheet erosion
Ground cover also protects water quality by filtering excess nutrients and chemicals from surface runoff and increasing infiltration
Healthy, well-managed woodlands provide long-term wildlife habitat
Make sure the site is suitable for the tree species you want to plant.
Consider the potential market and income for the trees compared to using the land for crops or grazing.
Plant trees in spring as long as there is adequate moisture and minimal potential for hard frosts. Containerized seedlings can be planted into early summer.
When ordering seedlings, make sure you can plant them within 5 days of arrival. Have a cool, shady place to store them and keep the roots moist but not wet.
The standard spacing for planting trees ranges from 9-by-9 feet to 5-by-7 feet (approximately 550 to 1,200 trees per acre) depending on species and site conditions. Consult with a local forester for specific recommendations.
Some site preparation will be necessary before planting. If the site is covered with sod or brush, prepare the site in late summer or early fall before planting the following spring. A local forester can recommend the treatment suitable to the site and species to be planted.
Protect the woodlot from grazing.
Consider leaving some fire lanes.
Mowing and/or herbicides may be necessary to control competing weeds until the trees are 3 to 4 feet tall.
Check periodically for damage from disease, insects or rodents.
Review tree survival after the first and third years to determine the need for replanting. If survival is less than 60%, interplanting or replanting may be necessary.
Pull fallen leaves and debris off seedlings in fall.