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Soil Health

Soil Health relates to the fitness of a specific kind of soil to function within its surroundings, support plant and animal productivity, maintain or enhance water and air quality, and support human health and habitation. Soil health, or quality, is the capacity of a soil to function. How well is your soil functioning? Does it infiltrate water and cycle nutrients to water and feed growing plants? Soil is a living factory of macroscopic and microscopic workers who need food to eat and places to live to do their work. There are more individual organisms in a teaspoon of soil than there are people on earth; thus, the soil is controlled by these organisms.

Soil Health Graphic

Healthy Soils, Healthy Crops Video Series

A series of ten videos that focus on soil health and some of the conservation practices (e.g., cover crops, residue management, crop rotation) that improve soil health and some of the activities (e.g., nutrient and pest management) that benefit from improved soil health. Precision agriculture is also highlighted as well. Healthy Soils, Healthy Crops Video Series

The project was a collaboration between USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service in South Carolina and the Earth Sciences and Resources Institute-University of South Carolina (USC-ESRI).

Cover Crops for Soil Quality Improvement

Soil Biology

Soil Biology Primer Cover graphic
Soil Biology Primer (printed version shown at left available for sale from SWCS)

The Soil Biology Primer is an introduction to the living component of soil and how that component contributes to agricultural productivity and to air and water quality. The Primer includes information describing the soil food web and how the food web relates to soil health. There are chapters about bacteria, fungi, protozoa, nematodes, arthropods, and earthworms.

Soil Biology Primer Cover Graphic
Soil Biology Primer Online version shown at left.

Soil Quality Technical Notes

Soil Health Fact Sheets

These documents require Adobe Acrobat.

Links related to Soil QualitySoil Food Web Graphic

NJ NRCS Conservation Agronomist - Kaitlin Farbotnik 732-537-6053