Skip Navigation

Acres of Non-Federal Wetlands, 1997 (dot map)

Thumbnail version of the map. Select for a popup of the full sized map.


This dot density map shows acres of wetlands in 1997. Dots are aggregated by and placed randomly within 8-digit hydrologic units. Each blue dot represents 10,000 acres of wetlands. There was a total of 111,156,000 acres of wetlands. Wetlands includes palustrine and estuarine wetlands identified using the cowardin system, it does not include deepwater habitats or wetlands located on Federal land. Areas with 95% or more Federal area are shaded gray.

Cautions for this Product:
This map may not be used for site-specific information. The map does not include deepwater habitats or wetlands on Federal Land. Data are not collected on Federal land. Data are not available for Alaska or the Pacific Basin. Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands is shown by 6-digit hydrologic unit.


Source: National Resources Inventory, 1997
Distributor: USDA-NRCS-RIAD
NRI sample data are generally reliable at the 95% confidence interval for state and certain broad substate area analyses. Generally, analyses that aggregate data points by smaller geographic areas and/or more specific criteria result in fewer data points for each aggregation and therefore less reliable estimates. NRI maps reflect national patterns rather than site- specific information.


Aggregate Layer: Cross of State with 8 Digit Hydrologic Units and Federal Land
Other Layers Displayed: States, Rivers


Cowardin system:
A classification system of wetlands and deep water habitats of the United States, officially adopted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) used to develop wetland data bases. The system was developed by Lewis M. Cowardin of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and others. The five major systems are recognized in the NRI: Estuarine, Lacustrine, Marine, Palustrine, and Riverine. [USFWS]

Deepwater habitat:
Any open water area in which the mean water depth exceeds 6.6 feet in nontidal areas or at mean low water in freshwater tidal areas, or is covered by water during extreme low water at spring tides in salt and brackish tidal areas, or covers the deepest emerging vegetation, whichever is deeper [USFWS]

Estuarine system:
Deepwater tidal habitats and adjacent tidal wetlands that are semienclosed by land but have open, partly obstructed, or sporadic access to the open ocean, and in which ocean water is at least occasionally diluted by freshwater runoff from the land. [USFWS]

Federal land:
A land ownership class designating land that is owned by the Federal Government. It does not include, for example, trust lands administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs nor Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) land. No data are collected for any year that land is in this ownership. [NRI-97]

Hydric soil:
A soil that is saturated, flooded, or ponded long enough during the growing season to develop anaerobic conditions in the upper part. [NFSAM]

Hydrologic units:
A hierarchical system developed by the U.S. Geological Survey that divides the United States and the Caribbean into 21 major regions, 222 subregions, 352 accounting units, and further subdivided into 2,150 cataloging units that delineate river basins having drainage areas usually greater than 700 square miles. [USGS]

Palustrine system:
All non-tidal wetlands dominated by trees, shrubs, persistent emergents, emergent mosses, or lichens, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas where salinity due to ocean derived salts is below 0.5 percent [U.S.FWS]

Areas that have a predominance of hydric soils and that are inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of hydrophytic vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. [NFSAM]

Wetland System:
Complex of wetland habitats that share the influence of similar hydrologic, geomorphologic, chemical, or biological factors. [U.S. FWS]

Product Information

Product ID: 5032
Production Date: 1/18/01
Product Type: Map

For additional information contact the Resources Inventory and Assessment Division. Please include the Product ID you are inquiring about. or 1400 Independence Avenue SW - P.O. Box 2890 - Washington D.C. 20013. If you use our analysis products, please be aware of our disclaimer.