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CSP FY2018 Conservation Enhancement Activity - Associated Ag Land

FY18 Conservation Enhancement Activity

Associated Ag Land

Enhancement Name

E315134Z
Herbaceous weed treatment for plant pest pressures that helps create desired plant communities and habitats consistent with the ecological site

Applicable Land Use

Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Mechanical, chemical, or biological, herbaceous weed treatment will be employed to control targeted, herbaceous weeds so as to create, release, or restore desired plant communities that are consistent with achievable, ecological site, steady state descriptions. Download full enhancement activity E315134Z   (PDF, 191KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E327136Z1

Conservation cover to provide food habitat for pollinators and Beneficial insects
Conservation Practice 327: Conservation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Forest; Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 Years

Enhancement Description

Seed or plug nectar and pollen producing plants in non-cropped areas such as field borders, vegetative barriers, contour buffer strips, grassed waterways, shelterbelts, hedgerows, windbreaks, conservation cover, and riparian forest and herbaceous buffers. Download full enhancement activity E327136Z1 (PDF, 203KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E327136Z2

Establish Monarch butterfly habitat
Conservation Practice 327: Conservation Cover

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Seed or plug milkweed (Asclepias spp.), and high-value monarch butterfly nectar plants on marginal cropland, field borders, contour buffer strips, and similar areas. Download full enhancement activity E327136Z2 (PDF, 224KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E327137Z

Conservation cover to provide cover and shelter habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects
Conservation Practice 327: Conservation Cover

Applicable Land Use

(Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Seed or plug nectar and pollen producing plants in non-cropped areas such as field borders, vegetative barriers, contour buffer strips, grassed waterways, shelterbelts, hedgerows, windbreaks, conservation cover, and riparian forest and herbaceous buffers. Download full enhancement activity E327137Z (PDF, 203KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E327139Z

Conservation cover to provide habitat continuity for pollinators and beneficial insects Conservation Practice 327: Conservation Cover

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Seed or plug nectar and pollen producing plants in non-cropped areas such as field borders, vegetative barriers, contour buffer strips, grassed waterways, shelterbelts, hedgerows, windbreaks, conservation cover, and riparian forest and herbaceous buffers.

Download full enhancement activity E327139Z(PDF, 204KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E554118Z1

Installation of end of pipe or ditch treatment for phosphorus
Conservation Practice 554: Drainage Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Add end of pipe/ditch treatment. If dissolved phosphorus is the pollutant of concern, use Interim CPS 782, Phosphorus Treatment Structure for each drainage outlet in a field.

Download full enhancement activity E554118Z1 (PDF, 187KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E554118Z2

Saturated buffer drain outlet
Conservation Practice 554: Drainage Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Install Conservation Practice Standard 604, Saturated Buffer so all of the drain outlets on a field are routed through an appropriate buffer.

Download full enhancement activity E554118Z2 (PDF, 185KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E580105Z

Stream corridor bank stability improvement
Conservation Practice 580: Streambank and shoreline protection

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

20 years

Enhancement Description

Stream corridor bank vegetation components are established to provide additional stream corridor bank stability.

Download full enhancement activity E580105Z(PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Name

E381133Z
Silvopasture for wildlife habitat (structure and composition)

Applicable Land Use

Pasture; Associated Agricultural Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Establishing a combination of trees or shrubs and compatible forages on the same acreage, providing forage, shade, and/or shelter for livestock and including a purpose of enhancing wildlife habitat. Download full enhancement activity E381133Z  (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E381137Z

Silvopasture for wildlife habitat (cover and shelter)
Conservation Practice 381: Silvopasture Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Pasture; Associated Agricultural Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Establishing a combination of trees or shrubs and compatible forages on the same acreage, providing forage, shade, and/or shelter for livestock and including a purpose of enhancing wildlife cover and shelter. Download full enhancement activity E381137Z   (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E384135Z

Biochar production from woody residue
Conservation Practice 384: Woody Residue Treatment

Applicable Land Use

Forest, Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Uses woody debris remaining after fuel reduction harvests or wildfires to create biochar. Biochar stores carbon and is a useful soil amendment that improves Soil Organic Matter (SOM) and water-holding capacity. Download full enhancement activity E384135Z  (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E386101Z


Enhanced field borders to reduce water induced erosion along the edge(s) of a field Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 30 feet and establish a single species or mixture of species that provide a dense ground cover along the edge(s) of the field. Download full enhancement activity E386101Z   (PDF, 202KB)

Enhancement Name

E386102Z

 

Enhanced field borders to reduce wind induced erosion along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 30 feet and establish a single species or mixture of species that provide a dense ground cover along the edge(s) of the field. Download full enhancement activity E386102Z   (PDF, 202KB)

Enhancement Name

E386128Z

Enhanced field borders to decrease particulate emissions along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 40 feet and establish a mixture of species that decrease the particulate emissions along the edge(s) of the field. Download full enhancement activity E386128Z   (PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Name

E386136Z

Enhanced field borders to increase food for pollinators along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife - Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 40 feet and establish a mixture of species that provide food for pollinators along the edge(s) of the field. Download full enhancement activity E386136Z  (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Name

E386137Z

Enhanced field borders to increase wildlife food and cover along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife - Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 40 feet and establish a mixture of species that provide wildlife food and cover along the edge(s) of the field. Download full enhancement activity E386137Z   (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Name

E386139Z

Enhanced field borders to increase wildlife habitat continuity along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife - Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 40 feet and establish a mixture of species that provide wildlife habitat continuity along the edge(s) of the field. Download full enhancement activity E386139Z   (PDF, 203KB)

Enhancement Name

E393118Z

Extend existing filter strip to reduce excess nutrients in surface water
Conservation Practice 393: Filter Strip

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Extend existing filter strips for water quality protection (reduce excess nutrients in surface water). Extend the existing buffer for a total of 60 feet or more to enhance water quality functions. The extended buffers must be composed of at least 5 species of non-noxious, wildlife friendly grasses and/or perennial forbs best suited to site conditions. Include species that provide pollinator food and habitat where possible. Download full enhancement activity E393118Z   (PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Name

E393122Z

Extend filter strip to reduce excess pathogens and chemicals in surface water
Conservation Practice 393: Filter Strip

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Agricultural Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Extend existing filter strips for water quality protection (reduce excess pathogens and chemicals from manure, bio-solids or compost applications in surface waters). Extend the existing buffer for a total of 60 feet or more to enhance water quality functions. The extended buffers must be composed of at least 5 species of non-noxious, wildlife friendly grasses and/or perennial forbs best suited to site conditions. Include species that provide pollinator food and habitat where possible. Download full enhancement activity E393122Z  (PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Name

E393126Z

Extend existing filter strip to reduce excess sediment in surface water
Conservation Practice 393: Filter Strip

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Agricultural Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Extend existing filter strips for water quality protection (reduce excess sediment in surface waters). Extend the existing buffer for a total of 60 feet or more to enhance water quality functions. The extended buffers must be composed of at least 5 species of non-noxious, wildlife friendly grasses and/or perennial forbs best suited to site conditions. Include species that provide pollinator food and habitat where possible. Download full enhancement activity E393126Z   (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E390136Z

Increase riparian herbaceous cover width to enhance wildlife habitat
Conservation Practice 390: Riparian Herbaceous Cover

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Associated Ag Land; and Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 Years

Enhancement Description

Where an existing herbaceous riparian buffer is located along a river, stream, pond, lake, or other waterbody, increase the diversity of native species, control invasive species, install fencing and relocate equipment operations, trails, and livestock, and increase the width of the buffer.

Download full enhancement activity E390136Z (PDF, 196KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E391127Z

Increase stream shading for stream temperature reduction
Conservation Practice 391: Riparian Forest Buffer

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

15 Years

Enhancement Description

Riparian area tree canopy cover density is increased and the extent of the forested riparian area is increased to provide greater stream shading.

Download full enhancement activity E391127Z (PDF, 217KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E391136Z

Increase riparian forest buffer width to enhance wildlife habitat
Conservation Practice 391: Riparian Forest Buffer

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

15 Years

Enhancement Description

Where an existing riparian forest buffer is located along a river, stream, pond, lake, or other waterbody, increase the diversity of native species, control invasive species, install fencing and relocate equipment operations, trails, and livestock to increase the functional width of the buffer.

Download full enhancement activity E391136Z (PDF, 217KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E395137X

Stream habitat improvement through placement of woody biomass
Conservation Practice 395: Stream Habitat Improvement & Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Flexible placement of wood (unanchored/unpinned) in small, 1st and 2nd order streams to improve stream habitat conditions for aquatic species and natural stream processes.

Download full enhancement activity E395137X (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E399137X

Fishpond management for native aquatic and terrestrial species
Conservation Practice 399: Fishpond Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Pond rehabilitation, buffer, and watershed management actions are taken to improve habitat for native species of fish, amphibians, and shorebirds

Download full enhancement activity E399137X (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E449144Z

Complete pumping plant evaluation for all pumps on a farm
Conservation Practice 449: Irrigation Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Inefficient Energy Use

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Evaluation of all pumping plants to determine the potential to rehabilitate/replace/reconfigure to perform 10% more efficiently. Evaluate to determine if a Variable Frequency Drive motor controller(s) is recommended and the simple payback in terms of energy savings is less than 10 years.

Download full enhancement activity E449144Z (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E449114Z5

Complete pumping plant evaluation for all pumps on a farm
Conservation Practice 449: Irrigation Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Insufficient Water

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Evaluation of all pumping plants to determine the potential to rehabilitate/replace/reconfigure pump performance to improve water delerivery efficiency 10% or more. Evaluate to determine if a Variable Frequency Drive motor controller(s) is recommended and the simple payback in terms of energy savings is less than 10 years. Download full enhancement activity E449114Z5   (PDF,174 KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E472118Z

Manage livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies to reduce nutrients in surface water
Conservation Practice 472: Access Control

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Installation of structures and implementation of grazing management actions that restrict livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies in order to reduce nutrient loading to surface waters.

Download full enhancement activity E472118Z (PDF, KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E472122Z

Manage livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies to reduce pathogens in surface water
Conservation Practice 472: Access Control

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Installation of structures and implementation of grazing management actions that restrict livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies in order to reduce the introduction of pathogens to surface waters.

Download full enhancement activity E472122Z (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Name

E512133Z1

Native grasses or legumes in forage base to improve plant community structure and composition
Conservation Practice 512: Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Pasture, Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Establishing adapted and/or compatible species, varieties, or cultivars of perennial, herbaceous species that can provide the structure and composition needed to enhance livestock and wildlife habitat, particularly when targeted forage supply and quality, cover, and shelter are not available in other pastures. Download full enhancement activity E512133Z1   (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E512133Z2

Forage plantings that enhance bird habitat (structure and composition)
Conservation Practice 512: Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Pasture, Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Establishing adapted and/or compatible species, varieties, or cultivars of herbaceous species suitable for pasture, hay, or biomass production that can provide cover and shelter components of bird habitat. Download full enhancement activity E512133Z2   (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Name

E512139Z1

Establish wildlife corridors to provide habitat continuity
Conservation Practice 512: Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Pasture, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Establishing adapted and/or compatible species, varieties, or cultivars of perennial, herbaceous species that can provide cover needed for wildlife species of concern to move from food/cover/water sources to other food/cover/water sources as needed for their life cycles, and/or to enhance the utility of underused wildlife habitat areas. Download full enhancement activity E512139Z1   (PDF, 195KB)

Enhancement Name

E512138Z

Establish wildlife corridors to enhance access to water
Conservation Practice 512: Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Pasture, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Establishing adapted and/or compatible species, varieties, or cultivars of perennial, herbaceous species that can provide cover needed for wildlife species of concern to move from food/cover/water sources to other food/cover/water sources as needed for their life cycles, and/or to enhance the utility of underused wildlife habitat areas.

Download full enhancement activity   (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Name

E512139Z2

Establish pollinator and/or beneficial insect habitat continuity (space)
Conservation Practice 512: Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Pasture, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Establishing adapted and/or compatible species, varieties, or cultivars of herbaceous species that can provide nectar for pollinators and forage and other habitat values for wildlife and livestock, particularly at times when targeted nectar, forage supply and quality, cover, and shelter are not available in other pastures. Download full enhancement activity   (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E512139Z3

Establish Monarch butterfly habitat in pastures
Conservation Practice 512: Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Pasture, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Establishing adapted and/or compatible species, varieties, or cultivars of herbaceous species that can provide nectar for Monarch butterflies and forage and other habitat values for wildlife and livestock, particularly at times when targeted nectar, forage supply and quality, cover, and shelter are not available in other pastures.

Download full enhancement activity E512139Z3   (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Name

E512140Z

Native grasses or legumes in forage base
Conservation Practice 512: Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Crop (perennial); Pasture; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Livestock Production Limitation

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Establishing adapted and/or compatible species, varieties, or cultivars of perennial, herbaceous species that can provide the structure and composition needed to enhance livestock and wildlife habitat, particularly when targeted forage supply and quality, cover, and shelter are not available in other pastures. Download full enhancement activity E512140Z (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E528132Z2

Stockpiling cool season forage to improve plant productivity and health
Conservation Practice 528: Prescribed Grazing

Applicable Land Use

Pasture; Associated Agricultural Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Grazing management employed will stop grazing events of selected paddock(s) to allow pasture forages to grow to maximum vegetative biomass accumulation before the end of the growing season. Download full enhancement activity E528132Z2   (PDF, 183KB)

Enhancement Name

E528133Z1

Stockpiling cool season forage to improve structure and composition
Conservation Practice 528: Prescribed Grazing

Applicable Land Use

Pasture; Associated Agricultural Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Grazing management employed will stop grazing events of selected paddock(s) to allow pasture forages to grow to maximum vegetative biomass accumulation before the end of the growing season. Download full enhancement activity E528133Z1   (PDF, 183KB)

Enhancement Name

E528133Z2

Grazing management for improving quantity and quality of plant structure and composition for wildlife
Conservation Practice 528: Prescribed Grazing

Applicable Land Use

Pasture; Range; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Managing the harvest of vegetation with grazing and/or browsing animals for the purpose of improving the quantity and quality of the structure and composition of the plant community that is available for wildlife. Download full enhancement activity E528133Z2   (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Name

E528140Z1

Maintaining quantity and quality of forage for animal health and productivity
Conservation Practice 528: Prescribed Grazing

Applicable Land Use

Pasture, Range, Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Livestock Production Limitation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Managing the harvest of vegetation with grazing and/or browsing animals for the purposes of maintaining desired pasture composition/plant vigor and improving/maintaining quantity and quality of forage for the animals' health and productivity following the recommendations of a qualifying professional, as detailed in the documentation and implementation requirements. Download full enhancement activity E528140Z1   (PDF, 189KB)

Enhancement Name

E612132Z

Establishing tree/shrub species to restore native plant communities
Conservation Practice 612: Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Range; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Establish trees and/or shrubs to restore elements of plant diversity that have been lost through past diseases or improper management. For example, disease-resistant varieties of elm and chestnut can be established to restore the ecological functions of American elm and American chestnut. At the stand level, past forest management may have eliminated certain native tree species. Restoring stand-level diversity and function addresses a wide array of resource concerns and strengthens ongoing management activities. This enhancement improves a forest that is already in good condition by increasing plant diversity, and improving health and vigor through adding plants with resistance to disease, pests, or other local hazards. Additional benefits include contributing to carbon storage, and providing diversity in wildlife habitat and food sources. Download full enhancement activity E612132Z   (PDF, 179KB)

Enhancement Name

E612133X2

Cultural plantings
Conservation Practice 612: TREE/SHRUB ESTABLISHMENT

Applicable Land Use

Pasture, Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Plant trees and shrubs that are of cultural significance, such as those species utilized by Tribes in traditional practices, medicinal plants, species used in basket-making, etc. (e.g., paper birch, slippery elm, witch hazel). Download full enhancement activity E612133X2   (PDF, 191KB)

Enhancement Name

E612133X3

Sugarbush Management
Conservation Practice 612: TREE/SHRUB ESTABLISHMENT

Applicable Land Use

Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Establish or maintain species diversity in a sugarbush to enhance pollinator and wildlife needs. Maintain at least 20% of basal area in species other than sugar maple (Acer saccharum) to provide species diversity. Half of the trees that are not sugar maples (10%) will be mast producing species (hard or soft mass). Use maple tree tapping guidelines that minimize tree damage. Download full enhancement activity E612133X3   (PDF, 190KB)

Enhancement Name

E666106Z1

Implementing sustainable practices for pine straw raking
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Adopts guidelines for sustaining soil quality and wildlife habitat on sites where pine straw raking is currently practiced. Raking and removal of pine needles (“pine straw”) provides valuable landscaping material but at a high cost to soil fertility, soil organic matter, wildlife habitat, and in some cases, soil compaction, soil erosion and water quality degradation. Straw removal also makes prescribed burning less feasible by removal of the fine fuels needed to carry frequent surface fires that maintain longleaf pine and its characteristic understory. This enhancement is most applicable to longleaf pine forestland because: (1) longleaf-dominated ecosystems with their characteristic suite of flora and fauna historically predominated in most places where pines are currently grown in the Southeast, and (2) longleaf is the favored species for pine straw operations. Download full enhancement activity E666106Z1   (PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Name

E666130Z

Increase on-site carbon storage
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Use forest management techniques to maintain and increase on-site carbon storage. These include, but are not limited to, applying uneven-aged management, using longer rotations, retaining cavity/den trees, snags, and down woody debris, and protecting or increasing soil organic material. Download full enhancement activity E666130Z   (PDF, 197KB)

Enhancement Name

E666132Z1

Crop tree management for mast production
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement using crop tree management techniques to increase mast production. Download full enhancement activity E666132Z1   (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E666133Z1

Creating structural diversity with patch openings
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement that creates patch openings. Size and shape of patches will be based on characteristic natural wind disturbances, which will vary geographically and by forest type. Download full enhancement activity E666133Z1   (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Name

E666137Z1

Snags, den trees, and coarse woody debris for wildlife habitat
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Improve wildlife habitat through creation and retention of snags, den trees, forest stand structural diversity, and coarse woody debris on the forest floor, to provide cover/shelter for native wildlife species. Download full enhancement activity E666137Z1   (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E666137Z2

Summer roosting habitat for native forest-dwelling bat species
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Create new potential roost trees within upland and riparian forests to achieve desired summer habitat for forest-dwelling bat species Download full enhancement activity E666137Z2   (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E666137Z3

Increase diversity in pine plantation monocultures
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Create small openings to provide diversity in pine plantations, which are typically monocultures and inhospitable to wildlife. Small openings are one-half (0.5) to three (3) acres in size. The cleared area will have the vegetation removed through cutting, mulching, or other means compatible with the site. Download full enhancement activity E666137Z3   (PDF, 190KB)

Enhancement Name

E666137Z5

Implementing sustainable practices for pine straw raking to enhance wildlife habitat
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Adopts guidelines for sustaining soil quality and wildlife habitat on sites where pine straw raking is currently practiced. Raking and removal of pine needles (“pine straw”) provides valuable landscaping material but at a high cost to soil fertility, soil organic matter, wildlife habitat, and in some cases, soil compaction, soil erosion and water quality degradation. Straw removal also makes prescribed burning less feasible by removal of the fine fuels needed to carry frequent surface fires that maintain longleaf pine and its characteristic understory. This enhancement is most applicable to longleaf pine forestland because: (1) longleaf-dominated ecosystems with their characteristic suite of flora and fauna historically predominated in most places where pines are currently grown in the Southeast, and (2) longleaf is the favored species for pine straw operations. Download full enhancement activity E666137Z5   (PDF, 203KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E578139X

Stream crossing elimination
Conservation Practice 578: Stream Crossing

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Existing stream crossings on an operation are consolidated into fewer crossings in order to reduce impacts to stream habitat.

Download full enhancement activity E578139X (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E580137Z

Stream corridor bank vegetation improvement
Conservation Practice 580: Streambank and shoreline protection

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

20 years

Enhancement Description

Stream corridor bank vegetation components are established to improve ecosystem functioning and stability.

Download full enhancement activity E580137Z (PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612130Z

Planting for high carbon sequestration rate
Conservation Practice 612: Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial), Pasture, Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Plant tree species and use stocking levels for higher growth to increase the rate of carbon sequestration (capture). Use species with a longer life span as well as relatively fast growth, and species suitable for durable manufactured products. Increase stocking levels in forests that are not fully stocked. Implement afforestation on appropriate open lands.

Download full enhancement activity E612130Z (PDF, 198KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612133X1

Adding food-producing trees and shrubs to existing agroforestry plantings
Conservation Practice 612: Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Plant food-producing trees and shrubs for wildlife or human consumption within windbreaks, alley cropping, multi-story cropping, silvopasture systems, and/or riparian forest buffers.

Download full enhancement activity E612133X1 (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612136Z

Tree/shrub planting for wildlife food
Conservation Practice 612:Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial), Pasture, Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Tree and shrub planting will enhance habitat for native wildlife. A minimum of five tree and shrub species will be used; they will be species that provide food for identified wildlife species.

Download full enhancement activity E612136Z (PDF, 199KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612137Z

Tree/shrub planting for wildlife cover
Conservation Practice 612:Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial), Pasture, Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Tree and shrub planting will enhance habitat for native wildlife. A minimum of five tree and shrub species will be used; they will be species that provide cover for identified wildlife species.

Download full enhancement activity E612137Z (PDF, 199KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E645137Z

Reduction of attractants to human-subsidized predators in sensitive wildlife species habitat
Conservation Practice 645: Upland Wildlife Habitat Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Reduction of artificial perching sites, nest sites, food, and water available to subsidized predators in areas where human-subsidized predators are a threat to sensitive wildlife species. Human-subsidized predators may include ravens, crows, magpies, coyotes, foxes, skunks, raccoons, and other species. Activities under this enhancement may include removal of non-native or invasive trees; removal of unused power poles, corrals, windmills, buildings, and other vertical structures; and/or removal or management of watering facilities, dead livestock, road kill, garbage, animal feed, dumps, and other non-natural food sources.

Download full enhancement activity E645137Z (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E646137X

Renovate small, shallow pothole and playa sites which may seasonally hold water
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development & Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Land Use

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 Years

Enhancement Description

Renovate small, shallow pothole and playa sites which may seasonally hold water.

Download full enhancement activity E646137X (PDF, 196KB)

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