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CSP FY2018 Conservation Enhancement Activity - Forest

FY18 Conservation Enhancement Activity

Forest

Enhancement Name

E314133Z

Brush management for improved structure and composition
Conservation Practice 314: Brush Management

Applicable Land Use

Range, Pasture, Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Brush management is employed to create a desired plant community, consistent with the related ecological site steady state, which will maintain or enhance the wildlife habitat desired for the identified wildlife species. It will be designed to provide plant structure, density and diversity needed to meet those habitat objectives. This enhancement does not apply to removal of woody vegetation by prescribed fire or removal of woody vegetation to facilitate a land use change. Download full enhancement activity  (PDF, 186KB)

Enhancement Name

E314134Z

Brush management that maintains or enhances wildlife or fish habitat
Conservation Practice 314: Brush Management

Applicable Land Use

Pasture, Range, and Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Brush management is employed to create a desired plant community on the landscape, consistent with the related ecological site steady state, which will maintain or enhance the wildlife habitat desired for the identified wildlife species. It will be designed to provide plant structure, density and diversity needed to meet those habitat objectives. This enhancement does not apply to removal of woody vegetation by prescribed fire or removal of woody vegetation to facilitate a land use change Download full enhancement activity E314134Z (PDF, 185KB)

Enhancement Name

E315134Z

Herbaceous weed treatment for plant pest pressures that helps create desired plant communities and habitats consistent with the ecological site
Conservation Practice 315: Herbaceous Weed Treatment

Applicable Land Use

Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Mechanical, chemical, or biological, herbaceous weed treatment will be employed to control targeted, herbaceous weeds so as to create, release, or restore desired plant communities that are consistent with achievable, ecological site, steady state descriptions. Download full enhancement activity E315134Z   (PDF, 185KB)

Enhancement Name

E315133Z

Herbaceous weed treatment for inadequate structure and composition that helps create desired plant communities and habitats consistent with the ecological site
Conservation Practice 315: Herbaceous Weed Treatment

Applicable Land Use

Range; Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Mechanical, chemical, or biological, herbaceous weed treatment will be employed to control targeted, herbaceous weeds so as to create, release, or restore desired plant communities that are consistent with achievable, ecological site, steady state descriptions. Download full enhancement activity   (PDF, 191KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E327136Z1

Conservation cover to provide food habitat for pollinators and Beneficial insects
Conservation Practice 327: Conservation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Forest; Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 Years

Enhancement Description

Seed or plug nectar and pollen producing plants in non-cropped areas such as field borders, vegetative barriers, contour buffer strips, grassed waterways, shelterbelts, hedgerows, windbreaks, conservation cover, and riparian forest and herbaceous buffers. Download full enhancement activity E327136Z1 (PDF, 203KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E327137Z

Conservation cover to provide cover and shelter habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects
Conservation Practice 327: Conservation Cover

Applicable Land Use

(Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Seed or plug nectar and pollen producing plants in non-cropped areas such as field borders, vegetative barriers, contour buffer strips, grassed waterways, shelterbelts, hedgerows, windbreaks, conservation cover, and riparian forest and herbaceous buffers. Download full enhancement activity E327137Z (PDF, 203KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E327139Z

Conservation cover to provide habitat continuity for pollinators and beneficial insects Conservation Practice 327: Conservation Cover

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Seed or plug nectar and pollen producing plants in non-cropped areas such as field borders, vegetative barriers, contour buffer strips, grassed waterways, shelterbelts, hedgerows, windbreaks, conservation cover, and riparian forest and herbaceous buffers.

Download full enhancement activity E327139Z(PDF, 204KB)

Enhancement Name

E338136Z

Short-interval burns to promote a healthy herbaceous plant community for wildlife food
Conservation Practice 338: Prescribed Burning

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

FISH AND WILDLIFE – INADEQUATE HABITAT - FOOD

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

The controlled use of fire is applied in a forest to restore fire-adapted plants while improving wildlife habitat, wildlife food supply, and reducing the risk of damage from intense, severe wildfires. The ideal interval between prescribed burns is not often achieved. To improve the effectiveness of prescribed burning, the frequency of prescribed burning is increased appropriately, for a specified time period, to help restore ecological conditions in forests and woodlands. Short return interval prescribed burning is used to regenerate desirable tree species, improve the condition of fire-adapted plants and native herbaceous vegetation, improve wildlife food supply, create wildlife habitat (snags and den/cavity trees), limit encroachment of competing vegetation including non-native species, and reduce the future risk of damage from intense, severe wildfires. Download full enhancement activity E338136Z   (PDF, 176KB)

Enhancement Name

E338137Z1

Sequential patch burning
Conservation Practice 338: Prescribed Burning

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Conduct prescribed under burning beneath the canopy of a conifer forest, burning a portion of the area each year to create a mosaic of vegetation in several stages of development, to provide a more diverse understory and contribute to wildlife habitat. The health of conifer forests, particularly longleaf pine with a characteristic herbaceous understory, is dependent on fire or another means of controlling encroaching woody vegetation. A healthy longleaf pine forest, as well as shortleaf and other pines, can support a wide array of wildlife including pollinators and several endangered or threatened species. Download full enhancement activity E338137Z1  (PDF, 182KB)

Enhancement Name

E338137Z2

Short-interval burn
Conservation Practice 338: Prescribed Burning

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Increase the frequency of prescribed burning to help restore ecological conditions in forests and woodlands. Several years of intense burning in certain forest and woodland conditions can regenerate desirable tree species, improve the condition of fire-adapted plants and native herbaceous vegetation, create wildlife habitat (snags and den/cavity trees), limit encroachment of competing vegetation including non-native species, and reduce the future risk of damage from intense, severe wildfires. Download full enhancement activity E338137Z2   (PDF, 190KB)

Enhancement Name

E338140Z

Short-interval burns to promote a healthy herbaceous plant community
Conservation Practice 338: Prescribed Burning

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION LIMITATION

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

The controlled use of fire is applied in a forest to restore fire-adapted plants and forage while improving wildlife habitat and reducing the risk of damage from intense, severe wildfires. The ideal interval between prescribed burns is not often achieved. To improve the effectiveness of prescribed burning, the frequency of prescribed burning is increased appropriately, for a specified time period, to help restore ecological conditions in forests and woodlands. Short return interval prescribed burning is used to regenerate desirable tree species, improve the condition of fire-adapted plants and native herbaceous vegetation, improve forage quantity and quality, create wildlife habitat (snags and den/cavity trees), limit encroachment of competing vegetation including non-native species, and reduce the future risk of damage from intense, severe wildfires. Download full enhancement activity E338140Z  (PDF, 179KB)

Enhancement Name

E383135Z

Grazing-maintained fuel break to reduce the risk of fire
Conservation Practice 383: Fuel break

Applicable Land Use

Forest and Range

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

The area has existing fuel break(s) of 30 to 60 feet in width, supporting a mixture of woody sprouts and some herbaceous vegetation. Warm-season perennial vegetation will be established on the fuel breaks, and will be over-seeded with cool-season annual forages in the fall. Grazing will be managed on the fuel breaks to remove or modify the fine fuel vegetation, thus reducing the risk of fire spread from ground fires. Ground cover will be maintained to control soil erosion and facilitate prescribed burning. Download full enhancement activity E383135Z  (PDF, 177KB)

Enhancement Name

E384135Z

Biochar production from woody residue
Conservation Practice 384: Woody Residue Treatment

Applicable Land Use

Forest, Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Uses woody debris remaining after fuel reduction harvests or wildfires to create biochar. Biochar stores carbon and is a useful soil amendment that improves Soil Organic Matter (SOM) and water-holding capacity. Download full enhancement activity E384135Z  (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E391127Z

Increase stream shading for stream temperature reduction
Conservation Practice 391: Riparian Forest Buffer

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

15 Years

Enhancement Description

Riparian area tree canopy cover density is increased and the extent of the forested riparian area is increased to provide greater stream shading.

Download full enhancement activity E391127Z (PDF, 217KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E391136Z

Increase riparian forest buffer width to enhance wildlife habitat
Conservation Practice 391: Riparian Forest Buffer

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

15 Years

Enhancement Description

Where an existing riparian forest buffer is located along a river, stream, pond, lake, or other waterbody, increase the diversity of native species, control invasive species, install fencing and relocate equipment operations, trails, and livestock to increase the functional width of the buffer.

Download full enhancement activity E391136Z (PDF, 217KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E395137X

Stream habitat improvement through placement of woody biomass
Conservation Practice 395: Stream Habitat Improvement & Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Flexible placement of wood (unanchored/unpinned) in small, 1st and 2nd order streams to improve stream habitat conditions for aquatic species and natural stream processes.

Download full enhancement activity E395137X (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E399137X

Fishpond management for native aquatic and terrestrial species
Conservation Practice 399: Fishpond Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Pond rehabilitation, buffer, and watershed management actions are taken to improve habitat for native species of fish, amphibians, and shorebirds

Download full enhancement activity E399137X (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E449144Z

Complete pumping plant evaluation for all pumps on a farm
Conservation Practice 449: Irrigation Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Inefficient Energy Use

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Evaluation of all pumping plants to determine the potential to rehabilitate/replace/reconfigure to perform 10% more efficiently. Evaluate to determine if a Variable Frequency Drive motor controller(s) is recommended and the simple payback in terms of energy savings is less than 10 years.

Download full enhancement activity E449144Z (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E472118Z

Manage livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies to reduce nutrients in surface water
Conservation Practice 472: Access Control

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Installation of structures and implementation of grazing management actions that restrict livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies in order to reduce nutrient loading to surface waters.

Download full enhancement activity E472118Z (PDF, KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E472122Z

Manage livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies to reduce pathogens in surface water
Conservation Practice 472: Access Control

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Installation of structures and implementation of grazing management actions that restrict livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies in order to reduce the introduction of pathogens to surface waters.

Download full enhancement activity E472122Z (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E578139X

Stream crossing elimination
Conservation Practice 578: Stream Crossing

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Existing stream crossings on an operation are consolidated into fewer crossings in order to reduce impacts to stream habitat.

Download full enhancement activity E578139X (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E528105Z

Prescribed grazing that improves or maintains riparian and watershed function-erosion
Conservation Practice 528: Prescribed Grazing

Applicable Land Use

Pasture; Range; Forest (Grazed Modifer)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Grazing management employed will provide cover and density needed in the watershed in order to reduce runoff, improve infiltration, provide for above ground water filtration and sustain applicable fish and wildlife species habitat. Download full enhancement activity E528105Z   (PDF, 184KB)

Enhancement Name

E528136Z1

Grazing management for improving quantity and quality of food for wildlife
Conservation Practice 528: Prescribed Grazing

Applicable Land Use

Pasture; Range; Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Grazing management employed will provide for the capacity of seasonally valuable plant structure, density and diversity needed or the desired wildlife species of concern. Download full enhancement activity E528136Z1  (PDF, 195KB)

Enhancement Name

E528137Z1

Grazing management for improving quantity and quality of cover and shelter for wildlife
Conservation Practice 528: Prescribed Grazing

Applicable Land Use

Pasture; Range; Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Grazing management employed will provide plant structure, density and diversity needed for the desired wildlife species of concern. Download full enhancement activity E528137Z1 (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E580105Z

Stream corridor bank stability improvement
Conservation Practice 580: Streambank and shoreline protection

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

20 years

Enhancement Description

Stream corridor bank vegetation components are established to provide additional stream corridor bank stability.

Download full enhancement activity E580105Z(PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E580137Z

Stream corridor bank vegetation improvement
Conservation Practice 580: Streambank and shoreline protection

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

20 years

Enhancement Description

Stream corridor bank vegetation components are established to improve ecosystem functioning and stability.

Download full enhancement activity E580137Z (PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612130Z

Planting for high carbon sequestration rate
Conservation Practice 612: Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial), Pasture, Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Plant tree species and use stocking levels for higher growth to increase the rate of carbon sequestration (capture). Use species with a longer life span as well as relatively fast growth, and species suitable for durable manufactured products. Increase stocking levels in forests that are not fully stocked. Implement afforestation on appropriate open lands.

Download full enhancement activity E612130Z (PDF, 198KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612133X1

Adding food-producing trees and shrubs to existing agroforestry plantings
Conservation Practice 612: Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Plant food-producing trees and shrubs for wildlife or human consumption within windbreaks, alley cropping, multi-story cropping, silvopasture systems, and/or riparian forest buffers.

Download full enhancement activity E612133X1 (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Name

E612133X2

Cultural plantings
Conservation Practice 612: TREE/SHRUB ESTABLISHMENT

Applicable Land Use

 

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Plant trees and shrubs that are of cultural significance, such as those species utilized by Tribes in traditional practices, medicinal plants, species used in basket-making, etc. (e.g., paper birch, slippery elm, witch hazel). Download full enhancement activity E612133X2 (PDF, 191KB)

Enhancement Name

E612133X3


Conservation Practice 612: TREE/SHRUB ESTABLISHMENT

 

Applicable Land Use

Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Establish or maintain species diversity in a sugarbush to enhance pollinator and wildlife needs. Maintain at least 20% of basal area in species other than sugar maple (Acer saccharum) to provide species diversity. Half of the trees that are not sugar maples (10%) will be mast producing species (hard or soft mass). Use maple tree tapping guidelines that minimize tree damage. Download full enhancement activity E612133X3   (PDF, 190KB)

Enhancement Name

E612132Z

Establishing tree/shrub species to restore native plant communities
Conservation Practice 612: Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Range; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

15 YEARS

Enhancement Description

Establish trees and/or shrubs to restore elements of plant diversity that have been lost through past diseases or improper management. For example, disease-resistant varieties of elm and chestnut can be established to restore the ecological functions of American elm and American chestnut. At the stand level, past forest management may have eliminated certain native tree species. Restoring stand-level diversity and function addresses a wide array of resource concerns and strengthens ongoing management activities. This enhancement improves a forest that is already in good condition by increasing plant diversity, and improving health and vigor through adding plants with resistance to disease, pests, or other local hazards. Additional benefits include contributing to carbon storage, and providing diversity in wildlife habitat and food sources. Download full enhancement activity E612132Z   (PDF, 179KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612136Z

Tree/shrub planting for wildlife food
Conservation Practice 612:Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial), Pasture, Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Tree and shrub planting will enhance habitat for native wildlife. A minimum of five tree and shrub species will be used; they will be species that provide food for identified wildlife species.

Download full enhancement activity E612136Z (PDF, 199KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612137Z

Tree/shrub planting for wildlife cover
Conservation Practice 612:Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial), Pasture, Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Tree and shrub planting will enhance habitat for native wildlife. A minimum of five tree and shrub species will be used; they will be species that provide cover for identified wildlife species.

Download full enhancement activity E612137Z (PDF, 199KB)

Enhancement Name

E643132X

Restoration of sensitive coastal vegetative communities
Conservation Practice 643: Restoration & Management of Rare or Declining Habitats

Applicable Land Use

Range and Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Enhance the level of restoration in unique and diminishing coastal ecosystems by establishing native herbaceous and woody plants. Protect established vegetation, and manage to maintain floristic quality and the provision of environmental services. This enhancement is applied on unique areas with rare and declining habitat conditions, where vegetation has been detrimentally altered by human or natural events. Targeted sites are those that formerly supported vegetative communities that are now declining and/or becoming rare. The sites will vary across the continent. The enhancement will expand and elevate the process of restoring these unique areas, increasing their ecological value and benefits to wildlife. It re-establishes a select group of trees and/or shrubs that are key components in this ecosystem. Download full enhancement activity E643132X   (PDF, 197KB)

Enhancement Name

E643139X

Creating native plant refugia
Conservation Practice 643: Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Provide protection from adverse environmental conditions to create refugia for documented occurrences of sensitive plant communities. Download full enhancement activity E643139X  (PDF, 196KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E645137Z

Reduction of attractants to human-subsidized predators in sensitive wildlife species habitat
Conservation Practice 645: Upland Wildlife Habitat Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Reduction of artificial perching sites, nest sites, food, and water available to subsidized predators in areas where human-subsidized predators are a threat to sensitive wildlife species. Human-subsidized predators may include ravens, crows, magpies, coyotes, foxes, skunks, raccoons, and other species. Activities under this enhancement may include removal of non-native or invasive trees; removal of unused power poles, corrals, windmills, buildings, and other vertical structures; and/or removal or management of watering facilities, dead livestock, road kill, garbage, animal feed, dumps, and other non-natural food sources.

Download full enhancement activity E645137Z (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E666106Z1

Implementing sustainable practices for pine straw raking
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Adopts guidelines for sustaining soil quality and wildlife habitat on sites where pine straw raking is currently practiced. Raking and removal of pine needles (“pine straw”) provides valuable landscaping material but at a high cost to soil fertility, soil organic matter, wildlife habitat, and in some cases, soil compaction, soil erosion and water quality degradation. Straw removal also makes prescribed burning less feasible by removal of the fine fuels needed to carry frequent surface fires that maintain longleaf pine and its characteristic understory. This enhancement is most applicable to longleaf pine forestland because: (1) longleaf-dominated ecosystems with their characteristic suite of flora and fauna historically predominated in most places where pines are currently grown in the Southeast, and (2) longleaf is the favored species for pine straw operations. Download full enhancement activity E666106Z1  (PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Name

E666106Z2

Maintaining and improving forest soil quality
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Adopts guidelines for maintaining and improving soil quality on sites where forest management activities are practiced. These guidelines will increase soil organic matter content, improve nutrient cycling, and increase infiltration and retention of precipitation. Avoiding soil compaction will allow for greater root development and tree growth, limit windthrow, and reduce drought stress. Increasing carbon storage on site will maintain the soil microbial community and provide wildlife benefits. Download full enhancement activity E666106Z2   (PDF, 283KB)

Enhancement Name

E666107Z

Maintaining and improving forest soil quality by limiting compaction
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Adopts guidelines for maintaining and improving soil quality on sites where forest management activities are practiced. These guidelines will increase soil organic matter content, improve nutrient cycling, and increase infiltration and retention of precipitation. Avoiding soil compaction will allow for greater root development and tree growth, limit windthrow, and reduce drought stress. Increasing carbon storage on site will maintain the soil microbial community and provide wildlife benefits. Download full enhancement activity E666107Z   (PDF, 267KB)

Enhancement Name

E666115Z1

Converting loblolly and slash pine plantations to longleaf pine to retain soil moisture
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Insufficient Water

Enhancement Lifespan

10 YEARS

Enhancement Description

Longleaf pine has greater wildlife habitat value, is more resistant to insects and disease, and is better able to withstand hurricane-force winds than other southern pines, particularly loblolly and slash pines. Because of rapid early growth, loblolly and slash pines have often been planted on soils and sites better suited to longleaf. Loblolly has a higher rate of evapotranspiration than longleaf and can deplete soil moisture. Loblolly and slash pine plantations can be converted to longleaf by clearcutting and planting seedlings but mature tree cover is then lost for 20 or more years. This enhancement will gradually convert an existing loblolly or slash pine plantation to longleaf while at the same time maintaining mature tree cover with the associated benefits of wildlife habitat and visual quality, and moderating effects on soil temperature, soil moisture and understory plants. Download full enhancement activity E666115Z1  (PDF, 184KB)

Enhancement Name

E666115Z2

Forest Stand Improvement to manage understory vegetation to aid in moisture management
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Insufficient Water

Enhancement Lifespan

10 YEARS

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement to manage the structure and composition of overstory and understory vegetation so that additional moisture is captured and filtered through the vegetation and soil. Managing the understory vegetation will increase available water to the plants, minimize run-off and erosion, and improve water quality. An adequately stocked forest provides inputs of leaves, needles, and woody twigs and stems to the forest floor, adding to soil organic matter and contributing to forest soil health. Desirable tree species and understory vegetation, with spacing that allows ground cover to develop, will allow moisture to infiltrate and be stored in the soil, releasing moisture over longer periods of time. This enhancement provides for management of the understory vegetation in a forested area, using mechanical, chemical or manual methods to improve the plant species mix and the health of the residual vegetation. These practices encourage development of a forested ecosystem that efficiently utilizes available water. Download full enhancement activity E666115Z2   (PDF, 186KB)

Enhancement Name

E666118Z

Enhance development of the forest understory to capture nutrients in surface water
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

 

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 YEARS

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement to manage the structure and composition of overstory and understory vegetation so that additional moisture is captured and filtered through the vegetation and soil, thus minimizing nutrient loss through ground water. Managing the understory vegetation will increase available water to plants, minimize run-off and erosion, and improve water quality. This enhancement provides for management of the understory vegetation in a forested area, using mechanical, chemical or manual methods to improve the plant species mix and the health of the residual vegetation. These practices encourage development of a forested ecosystem that efficiently utilizes available water and captures nutrients. Download full enhancement activity E666118Z   (PDF, 186KB)

Enhancement Name

E666119Z

Enhance development of the forest understory to capture nutrients and limit their movement into ground water
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement to manage the structure and composition of overstory and understory vegetation so that additional moisture is captured and filtered through the vegetation and soil, thus minimizing nutrient loss through ground water. Managing the understory vegetation will increase available water to the plants, minimize run-off and erosion, and improve water quality. This enhancement provides for management of the understory vegetation in a forested area, using mechanical, chemical or manual methods to improve the plant species mix and the health of the residual vegetation. These practices encourage development of a forested ecosystem that efficiently utilizes available water and captures nutrients. Download full enhancement activity E666119Z   (PDF, 203KB)

Enhancement Name

E666130Z

Increase on-site carbon storage
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Use forest management techniques to maintain and increase on-site carbon storage. These include, but are not limited to, applying uneven-aged management, using longer rotations, retaining cavity/den trees, snags, and down woody debris, and protecting or increasing soil organic material. Download full enhancement activity E666130Z   (PDF, 197KB)

Enhancement Name

E666119Z

Enhance development of the forest understory to capture nutrients and limit their movement into ground water
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement to manage the structure and composition of overstory and understory vegetation so that additional moisture is captured and filtered through the vegetation and soil, thus minimizing nutrient loss through ground water. Managing the understory vegetation will increase available water to the plants, minimize run-off and erosion, and improve water quality. This enhancement provides for management of the understory vegetation in a forested area, using mechanical, chemical or manual methods to improve the plant species mix and the health of the residual vegetation. These practices encourage development of a forested ecosystem that efficiently utilizes available water and captures nutrients. Download full enhancement activity E666119Z   (PDF, 203KB)

Enhancement Name

E666130Z

Increase on-site carbon storage
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Use forest management techniques to maintain and increase on-site carbon storage. These include, but are not limited to, applying uneven-aged management, using longer rotations, retaining cavity/den trees, snags, and down woody debris, and protecting or increasing soil organic material. Download full enhancement activity E666130Z   (PDF, 197KB)

Enhancement Name

E666132Z1

Crop tree management for mast production
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement using crop tree management techniques to increase mast production. Download full enhancement activity E666132Z1   (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E666132Z2

Reduce forest stand density to improve a degraded plant community
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Reducing forest stand density creates open forest conditions with a low basal area which promotes the health and vigor of the residual trees. The open stand structure allows a significant amount of sunlight to reach the forest floor and stimulates the growth of understory vegetation. Understory vegetation management, along with the wide spacing between trees or clumps of trees, provides visual appeal, lowers the risk of wildfire, and provides habitat for many at-risk and listed wildlife species. The enhancement creates conditions that facilitate a follow-up treatment with prescribed burning. This enhancement provides for management of the understory vegetation in a forested area, using mechanical, chemical or manual methods to improve the plant species mix and the health of the residual vegetation. Download full enhancement activity E666132Z2   (PDF, 197KB)

Enhancement Name

E666133Z1

Creating structural diversity with patch openings
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement that creates patch openings. Size and shape of patches will be based on characteristic natural wind disturbances, which will vary geographically and by forest type. Download full enhancement activity E666133Z1   (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Name

E666133Z2

Converting loblolly and slash pine to longleaf plantations with forest stand improvement and prescribed burning
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Longleaf pine has greater wildlife habitat value, is more resistant to insects and disease, and is better able to withstand hurricane-force winds than other southern pines, particularly loblolly and slash pines. Because of rapid early growth, loblolly and slash pines have often been planted on soils and sites better suited to longleaf. Loblolly and slash pine plantations can be converted to longleaf by clearcutting and planting seedlings but mature tree cover is then lost for 20 or more years. This enhancement will gradually convert an existing loblolly or slash pine plantation to longleaf while at the same time maintaining mature tree cover with the associated benefits of wildlife habitat and visual quality, and moderating effects on soil temperature, soil moisture and understory plants.Download full enhancement activity E666133Z2<  (PDF, 202KB)/p>

 

Enhancement Name

E666133X

Forest Stand Improvement to rehabilitate degraded hardwood stands
Conservation Practice 666: FOREST STAND IMPROVEMENT

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

DEGRADED PLANT CONDITION – Inadequate Structure and Composition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Hardwood forestland has been subject to poor logging practices (“high-grading”) for decades. Without professional forestry assistance the best species and individual trees are removed, often before maturity (“diameter-limit cutting”), leaving the poorest species and individual trees to regenerate the stand. Reversing this process requires cutting or killing poor quality trees while retaining any desirable species that might still be present. A combination of 3 silvicultural methods are applied: crop tree release, group selection (all trees removed from an area 0.25 to 1.0 acre in size) and small clearcuts (all trees removed from an area 1-3 acres in size). Download full enhancement activity E666133X   (PDF, 204KB)

Enhancement Name

E666134Z

Enhance development of the forest understory to create conditions resistant to pests
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

 

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement that manages the structure and composition of overstory and understory vegetation to reduce vulnerability to damage by insects and diseases of forest trees. Managing the understory vegetation will also reduce the risk of wildfire, and promote development of herbaceous plants that benefit wildlife. This enhancement provides for management of the understory vegetation in a forested area, using mechanical, chemical or manual methods to improve the plant species mix and the health of the residual vegetation. These practices encourage the development of a less dense forested ecosystem. The canopy gaps and open understory allow for air circulation that reduces the incidence of disease, and the improved health of the residual trees increases their ability to withstand insect attacks. Forest stand improvement (FSI) activities are used to remove trees of undesirable species, form, quality, condition, or growth rate. The quantity and quality of forest for wildlife and/or timber production will be increased by manipulating stand density and structure. These treatments can also reduce wildfire hazards, improve forest health, restore natural plant communities, and achieve or maintain a desired native understory plant community for soil health, wildlife, grazing, and/or browsing. Download full enhancement activity E666134Z  (PDF, 186KB)

Enhancement Name

E666135Z1

Reduce height of the forest understory to limit wildfire risk
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement that manages forest structure to reduce the risk of wildfire, and creates conditions that facilitate prescribed burning. The fire risk reduction is accomplished by reducing the height of the woody understory and midstory, creating space between the ground cover and the tree canopy. This enhancement provides for management of the understory vegetation in a forested area, using mechanical, chemical or manual methods to improve the plant species mix and the health of the residual vegetation, and reduce the risk of wildfire. In appropriate stands, the treatment creates conditions that favor prescribed burning. Forest stand improvement (FSI) activities are used to remove trees of undesirable species, form, quality, condition, or growth rate. The quantity and quality of forest for wildlife and/or timber production will be increased by manipulating stand density and structure. These treatments can also reduce wildfire hazards, improve forest health, restore natural plant communities, and achieve or maintain a desired native understory plant community for soil health, wildlife, grazing, and/or browsing. Download full enhancement activity E666135Z1   (PDF, 267KB)

Enhancement Name

E666135Z2

Reduce forest density and manage understory along roads to limit wildfire risk
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition – Wildfire Hazard

Enhancement Lifespan

10 YEARS

Enhancement Description

Opening the tree canopy along roads ("daylighting"), and providing space between ground vegetation and tree crowns, minimizes the spread of wildfires that often start along roads. Additionally, opening the canopy will allow more sunlight to reach the forest floor and promote flowering plants, and will reduce maintenance needs by allowing moisture to evaporate from roads. The area along a forest road will have some trees removed through harvesting, cutting, mulching, or another option available at the site, with the objective of creating a partially open forest canopy bordering the road. The semi-open canopy provides a greater amount of sunlight reaching the forest floor, which with appropriate management will increase herbaceous ground cover. The open canopy and herbaceous understory minimizes woodland fuel and reduces the intensity of wildfires. Download full enhancement activity E666135Z2   (PDF, 185KB)

Enhancement Name

E666136Z2

Reduce forest stand density to improve wildlife food sources
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish and Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Reducing forest stand density creates open forest conditions with a low basal area which promotes the health and vigor of the residual trees while promoting wildlife food sources in the understory. The open stand structure allows a significant amount of sunlight to reach the forest floor and stimulates the growth of understory vegetation. Understory vegetation management, along with the wide spacing between trees or clumps of trees, provides visual appeal, lowers the risk of wildfire, and provides food, cover, and shelter for many at-risk and listed wildlife species. The enhancement creates conditions that facilitate a follow-up treatment with prescribed burning. This enhancement provides for management of the understory vegetation in a forested area, using mechanical, chemical or manual methods to improve the plant species mix and the health of the residual vegetation. Download full enhancement activity E666136Z2   (PDF, 179KB)

Enhancement Name

E666136Z3

Create patch openings to enhance wildlife food sources and availability
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish and Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement that creates patch openings. Size, shape, and arrangement of patches will be based on natural features, and emulate patches that would result from natural disturbance regimes of wind or fire, varying geographically and by forest type, and by tree species desired from natural regeneration. The treatment will create diversity in stand composition and structure, and enhance wildlife food availability. Forest stand improvement (FSI) can be used to create small openings where all of the trees are removed. Creating openings may serve to restore natural plant communities, and achieve or maintain a desired understory plant community to provide wildlife habitat. Habitat for certain wildlife species is improved by increasing by the amount of edge, cover and diversity of the tract. Download full enhancement activity E666136Z3   (PDF, 180KB)

Enhancement Name

E666137Z1

Snags, den trees, and coarse woody debris for wildlife habitat
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Improve wildlife habitat through creation and retention of snags, den trees, forest stand structural diversity, and coarse woody debris on the forest floor, to provide cover/shelter for native wildlife species. Download full enhancement activity E666137Z1   (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E666137Z2

Summer roosting habitat for native forest-dwelling bat species
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Create new potential roost trees within upland and riparian forests to achieve desired summer habitat for forest-dwelling bat species. Download full enhancement activity E666137Z2   (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E666137Z3

Increase diversity in pine plantation monocultures
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Create small openings to provide diversity in pine plantations, which are typically monocultures and inhospitable to wildlife. Small openings are one-half (0.5) to three (3) acres in size. The cleared area will have the vegetation removed through cutting, mulching, or other means compatible with the site. Download full enhancement activity E666137Z3   (PDF, 190KB)

Enhancement Name

E666137Z4

Converting loblolly and slash pine plantations to longleaf pine to enhance wildlife habitat
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Longleaf pine has greater wildlife habitat value, is more resistant to insects and disease, and is better able to withstand hurricane-force winds than other southern pines, particularly loblolly and slash pines. Because of rapid early growth, loblolly and slash pines have often been planted on soils and sites better suited to longleaf. Loblolly and slash pine plantations can be converted to longleaf by clearcutting and planting seedlings but mature tree cover is then lost for 20 or more years. This enhancement will gradually convert an existing loblolly or slash pine plantation to longleaf while at the same time maintaining mature tree cover with the associated benefits of wildlife habitat and visual quality, and moderating effects on soil temperature, soil moisture and understory plants. Download full enhancement activity E666137Z4   (PDF, 202KB)

Enhancement Name

E666137Z5

Implementing sustainable practices for pine straw raking to enhance wildlife habitat
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

ish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Adopts guidelines for sustaining soil quality and wildlife habitat on sites where pine straw raking is currently practiced. Raking and removal of pine needles (“pine straw”) provides valuable landscaping material but at a high cost to soil fertility, soil organic matter, wildlife habitat, and in some cases, soil compaction, soil erosion and water quality degradation. Straw removal also makes prescribed burning less feasible by removal of the fine fuels needed to carry frequent surface fires that maintain longleaf pine and its characteristic understory. This enhancement is most applicable to longleaf pine forestland because: (1) longleaf-dominated ecosystems with their characteristic suite of flora and fauna historically predominated in most places where pines are currently grown in the Southeast, and (2) longleaf is the favored species for pine straw operations. Download full enhancement activity E666137Z5   (PDF, 203KB)

Enhancement Name

E666137Z6

Create patch openings to enhance wildlife cover and shelter
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish and Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement that creates patch openings. Size, shape, and arrangement of patches will be based on natural features, and emulate patches that would result from natural disturbance regimes of wind or fire, varying geographically and by forest type, and by tree species desired from natural regeneration. The treatment will create diversity in stand composition and structure, and enhance the availability of wildlife cover and shelter. Forest stand improvement can be used to create small openings where all of the trees are removed. Creating openings may serve to restore natural plant communities, and achieve or maintain a desired understory plant community to provide wildlife habitat. Habitat for certain wildlife species is improved by increasing by the amount of edge, cover and diversity of the tract. Download full enhancement activity E666137Z6   (PDF, 181KB)

Enhancement Name

E666137Z7

Enhance development of the forest understory to provide wildlife cover and shelter
Conservation Practice 666: Forest Stand Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Forest

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish and Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Forest stand improvement that manages the structure and composition of overstory and understory vegetation to improve the quantity and quality of wildlife cover and shelter. Reducing the number of trees per acre provides canopy openings that allow sunlight to reach the forest floor and promote the growth of herbaceous plants, improving wildlife shelter and cover in the forest understory. The treatment also creates conditions that facilitate the use of prescribed burning as a follow-up practice to maintain wildlife shelter and cover in fire-adapted forests. This enhancement provides for management of the understory vegetation in a forested area, using mechanical, chemical or manual methods to improve the plant species mix and the health of the residual vegetation. Where wildlife species have inadequate habitat or food, managing the understory in a forest can provide excellent food, shelter and cover. Download full enhancement activity E666137Z7   (PDF, 185KB)

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