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CSP FY2018 Conservation Enhancement Activity - Crops

FY18 Conservation Enhancement Activity

Crops

Enhancement Code and Name

E327136Z1

Conservation cover to provide food habitat for pollinators and Beneficial insects
Conservation Practice 327: Conservation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Forest; Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 Years

Enhancement Description

Seed or plug nectar and pollen producing plants in non-cropped areas such as field borders, vegetative barriers, contour buffer strips, grassed waterways, shelterbelts, hedgerows, windbreaks, conservation cover, and riparian forest and herbaceous buffers. Download full enhancement activity E327136Z1 (PDF, 203KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E327136Z2

Establish Monarch butterfly habitat
Conservation Practice 327: Conservation Cover

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Seed or plug milkweed (Asclepias spp.), and high-value monarch butterfly nectar plants on marginal cropland, field borders, contour buffer strips, and similar areas. Download full enhancement activity E327136Z2 (PDF, 224KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E327137Z

Conservation cover to provide cover and shelter habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects
Conservation Practice 327: Conservation Cover

Applicable Land Use

(Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Seed or plug nectar and pollen producing plants in non-cropped areas such as field borders, vegetative barriers, contour buffer strips, grassed waterways, shelterbelts, hedgerows, windbreaks, conservation cover, and riparian forest and herbaceous buffers. Download full enhancement activity E327137Z (PDF, 203KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E327139Z

Conservation cover to provide habitat continuity for pollinators and beneficial insects Conservation Practice 327: Conservation Cover

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Seed or plug nectar and pollen producing plants in non-cropped areas such as field borders, vegetative barriers, contour buffer strips, grassed waterways, shelterbelts, hedgerows, windbreaks, conservation cover, and riparian forest and herbaceous buffers.

Download full enhancement activity E327139Z(PDF, 204KB)

Enhancement Name

E328101I

Improved resource conserving crop rotation to reduce water erosion
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Improve an existing Resource Conserving Crop Rotation. Must enrich an existing rotation which already includes AT LEAST one resource conserving crop as determined by the State Conservationist in a minimum three year crop rotation. The crop rotation will reduce soil erosion (water and wind), improve soil health, improve soil moisture efficiency, and reduce plant pest pressures. Download full enhancement activity E328101I   (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E328101R

Resource conserving crop rotation to reduce water erosion
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a Resource Conserving Crop Rotation. Rotation must include AT LEAST one resource conserving crop as determined by the State Conservationist in a minimum three year crop rotation. The crop rotation will reduce soil erosion (water and wind), improve soil health, improve soil moisture efficiency, and reduce plant pest pressures. Download full enhancement activity E328101R   (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E328101Z

Conservation crop rotation on recently converted CRP grass/legume cover for water erosion
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Implement a crop rotation management system on crop land acres that have recently converted from CRP grass/legume conservation cover to annual planted crops. Crop rotation minimizes disturbance resulting in a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) less than 10 and reduces soil erosion from water to below soil tolerance (T) level. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document the rotation, soil erosion estimate, and STIR calculations. *This enhancement is limited to acres where the conversion event took place not more than 2 years prior. Enhancement not applicable on hayland. Download full enhancement activity E328101Z   (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Name

E328102I

Improved resource conserving crop rotation to reduce wind erosion
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Improve an existing Resource Conserving Crop Rotation. Must enrich an existing rotation which already includes AT LEAST one resource conserving crop as determined by the State Conservationist in a minimum three year crop rotation. The crop rotation will reduce soil erosion (water and wind), improve soil health, improve soil moisture efficiency, and reduce plant pest pressures. Download full enhancement activity E328102I   (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E328102R

Resource conserving crop rotation to reduce wind erosion
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a Resource Conserving Crop Rotation. Rotation must include AT LEAST one resource conserving crop as determined by the State Conservationist in a minimum three year crop rotation. The crop rotation will reduce soil erosion (water and wind), improve soil health, improve soil moisture efficiency, and reduce plant pest pressures. Download full enhancement activity E328102R   (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E328102Z

Conservation crop rotation on recently converted CRP grass/legume cover for wind erosion
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Implement a crop rotation management system on crop land acres that have recently converted from CRP grass/legume conservation cover to annual planted crops. Crop rotation minimizes disturbance resulting in a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) less than 10 and reduces soil erosion from wind to below soil tolerance (T) level. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document the rotation, soil erosion estimate, and STIR calculations. *This enhancement is limited to acres where the conversion event took place not more than 2 years prior. Enhancement not applicable on hayland. Download full enhancement activity E328102Z   (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Name

E328106I

Improved resource conserving crop rotation for soil organic matter improvement
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Improve an existing Resource Conserving Crop Rotation. Must enrich an existing rotation which already includes AT LEAST one resource conserving crop as determined by the State Conservationist in a minimum three year crop rotation. The crop rotation will reduce soil erosion (water and wind), improve soil health, improve soil moisture efficiency, and reduce plant pest pressures. Download full enhancement activity E328106I  (PDF, 175KB)

Enhancement Name

E328106R

Resource conserving crop rotation for soil organic matter improvement
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a Resource Conserving Crop Rotation. Rotation must include AT LEAST one resource conserving crop as determined by the State Conservationist in a minimum three year crop rotation. The crop rotation will reduce soil erosion (water and wind), improve soil health, improve soil moisture efficiency, and reduce plant pest pressures. Download full enhancement activity E328106R   (PDF, 228KB)

Enhancement Name

E328106Z1

Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Implement a crop rotation which addresses all four principle components of soil health: increases diversity of the cropping system; maintains residue throughout the year; keeps a living root; and minimizes soil chemical, physical and biological disturbance. The rotation will include at least 4 different crop and/or cover crop types (crop types include cool season grass, warm season grass, cool season broadleaf, warm season broadleaf) grown in a sequence that will produce a positive trend in the Organic Matter (OM) subfactor value over the life of the rotation, as determined by the Soil Conditioning Index (SCI). The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document the rotation and SCI calculations.

Download full enhancement activity E328106Z1  (PDF, 228KB)

Enhancement Name

E328106Z2

Modifications to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Use of soil health assessment to evaluate impact of current conservation crop rotation in addressing soil organic matter depletion (primary assessment made in Year 1). Modifications to the crop rotation and/or crop management will be made as a result of the assessment results (adding a new crop and/or cover crop to the rotation; making changes to planting and/or tillage system, harvest timing of crops, or termination timing of cover crops). During Year 3 a follow up assessment will be completed to allow time for the modifications to show increased soil organic matter. Modified system must produce a positive trend in the Organic Matter (OM) subfactor value over the life of the rotation, as determined by the Soil Conditioning Index (SCI). The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document the rotation and SCI calculations. Download full enhancement activity E328106Z2   (PDF, 202KB)

Enhancement Name

E328106Z3

Conservation crop rotation on recently converted CRP grass/legume cover for soil organic matter improvement
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation crop rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Implement a crop rotation management system on crop land acres that have recently converted from CRP grass/legume conservation cover to annual planted crops. The crop rotation adds diversity to the system; keeps a living root growing; and is managed to minimize soil chemical, physical and biological disturbance and maintain residue cover on the surface. The rotation includes crops and/or cover crops representing 3 of the 4 crop types during the planned crop sequence: warm season grass (WSG), warm season broadleaf (WSB), cool season grass (CSG), or cool season broadleaf (CSB). The crop rotation will produce a positive trend in the Organic Matter (OM) subfactor value over the life of the rotation, as determined by the SCI. Crop rotation minimizes disturbance and reduces soil erosion from wind to below soil tolerance (T) level. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document the rotation, STIR and SCI calculations. *This enhancement is limited to acres where the conversion event took place not more than 2 years prior. Enhancement not applicable on hayland. Download full enhancement activity E328106Z3   (PDF, 233KB)

Enhancement Name

E328107I

Improved resource conserving crop rotation to improve soil compaction
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Improve an existing Resource Conserving Crop Rotation. Must enrich an existing rotation which already includes AT LEAST one resource conserving crop as determined by the State Conservationist in a minimum three year crop rotation. The crop rotation will reduce soil erosion (water and wind), improve soil health, improve soil moisture efficiency, and reduce plant pest pressures. Download full enhancement activity E328107I   (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Name

E328107R

Resource conserving crop rotation improve soil compaction
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a Resource Conserving Crop Rotation. Rotation must include AT LEAST one resource conserving crop as determined by the State Conservationist in a minimum three year crop rotation. The crop rotation will reduce soil erosion (water and wind), improve soil health, improve soil moisture efficiency, and reduce plant pest pressures. Download full enhancement activity E328107R  (PDF, 175KB)

Enhancement Name

E328109Z

Conservation crop rotation to reduce the concentration of salts
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Implement a crop rotation to reduce the concentration of salts and other chemicals from saline seeps. The rotation should include at least 3 crops and/or cover crops grown in a sequence in the recharge areas of saline seeps that have rooting depths and water requirements adequate to fully utilize all available soil water. Do not use summer fallow. Use an approved water balance procedure to determine crop selection and sequence. Select crops with a tolerance to salinity levels that match the salinity of the discharge area. Download full enhancement activity E328109Z   (PDF, 188KB)

Enhancement Name

E328134I

Improved resource conserving crop rotation to relieve plant pest pressure
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Improve an existing Resource Conserving Crop Rotation. Must enrich an existing rotation which already includes AT LEAST one resource conserving crop as determined by the State Conservationist in a minimum three year crop rotation. The crop rotation will reduce soil erosion (water and wind), improve soil health, improve soil moisture efficiency, and reduce plant pest pressures. Download full enhancement activity E328134I   (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E328134R

Resource conserving crop rotation to relieve plant pest pressure
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a Resource Conserving Crop Rotation. Rotation must include AT LEAST one resource conserving crop as determined by the State Conservationist in a minimum three year crop rotation. The crop rotation will reduce soil erosion (water and wind), improve soil health, improve soil moisture efficiency, and reduce plant pest pressures. Download full enhancement activity E328134R   (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E328136Z

Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife food sources
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Implement a crop rotation which allows a portion of grain crops to be left in fields un-harvested to provide food and cover for wildlife during winter months. Download full enhancement activity E328136Z   (PDF, 210KB)

Enhancement Name

E328137Z

Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife cover and shelter
Conservation Practice 328: Conservation Crop Rotation

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

1 Year

Enhancement Lifespan

Implement a crop rotation which allows a portion of grain crops to be left in fields un-harvested to provide food and cover for wildlife during winter months.

Enhancement Description

Download full enhancement activity E328137Z   (PDF, 210KB)

Enhancement Name

E329101Z

No till to reduce water erosion
Conservation Practice 329: Residue & Tillage Management, No Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish no till system to reduce sheet and rill erosion soil loss. Field(s) must have a soil loss at or below the soil tolerance (T) level for water erosion for the crop rotation and a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 10 for each crop in the planned rotation. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to calculate soil loss and STIR. Download full enhancement activity E329101Z  (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E329102Z

No till system to reduce wind erosion
Conservation Practice 329: Residue & Tillage Management, No till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Establish no till system to reduce wind erosion soil loss. Field(s) must have a soil loss at or below the soil tolerance (T) level for wind erosion for the crop rotation and a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 10 for each crop in the planned rotation. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to calculate soil loss and STIR. Download full enhancement activity E329102Z   (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E329106Z

No till system to increase soil health and soil organic matter content
Conservation Practice 329: Residue & Tillage Management, No Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Establish a no till system to increase soil health and soil organic matter content. Each crop in the crop rotation shall have a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 20. The crop rotation must achieve a soil conditioning index (SCI) of zero or higher. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document STIR and SCI calculations. Residue shall not be burned, grazed, or harvested. Download full enhancement activity E329106Z   (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Name

E329114Z

No till to increase plant-available moisture: irrigation water
Conservation Practice 329: Residue & Tillage Management, No Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Insufficient Water

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Establish a no till system to increase plant-available moisture. Each crop in the crop rotation shall have a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 20. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document STIR calculations. Maintain a minimum 60 percent surface residue cover throughout the year to reduce evaporation from the soil surface. Download full enhancement activity E329114Z   (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E329115Z

No till to increase plant-available moisture: moisture management
Conservation Practice 329: Residue & Tillage Management, No Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Insufficient Water

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Establish a no till system to increase plant-available moisture. Each crop in the crop rotation shall have a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 20. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document STIR calculations. Maintain a minimum 60 percent surface residue cover throughout the year to reduce evaporation from the soil surface. Download full enhancement activity E329115Z  (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E329128Z

No till to reduce tillage induced particulate matter
Conservation Practice 329: Residue and Tillage Management, No Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Establish no till system to reduce tillage induced particulate matter. Field(s) must have a soil loss at or below the soil tolerance (T) level for the crop rotation and a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 10 for each crop in the planned rotation. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document soil loss and STIR calculations. Download full enhancement activity E329128Z   (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E329144Z

No till to reduce energy
Conservation Practice 329: Residue & Tillage Management, No Till

Applicable Land Use

(Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Inefficient Energy Use

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Establish a no till system which reduces total energy consumption associated with field operations by at least 25% compared to current tillage system (benchmark). Each crop in the crop rotation shall have a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 20. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document STIR calculations and energy consumption. Download full enhancement activity E329144Z  (PDF, 215KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E334107Z

Controlled traffic farming to reduce compaction
Conservation Practice 334: Controlled Traffic Farming

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

5 Year

Enhancement Description

Establish a controlled traffic system where no more than 25% of the surface is tracked with heavy axel loads to minimize soil compaction. For row crops (e.g. corn in 30-inch rows) no tire should run on a row except for flotation tires on combines and/or fertilizer and lime spreading trucks. If wide flotation tires are used, they must be big enough that the inflation pressure will be below 18 psi to minimize compaction on trafficked rows. 

Download full enhancement activity E334107Z (PDF, 197KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E340101Z

Cover crop to reduce water erosion
Conservation Practice 340: Cover Crop

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Cover crop added to current crop rotation to reduce soil erosion from water to below soil tolerance (T) level. Cover crops grown during critical erosion period(s). Species are selected that will have physical characteristics to provide adequate erosion protection.

Download full enhancement activity E340101Z (PDF, 207KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E340102Z

Cover crop to reduce wind erosion
Conservation Practice 340: Cover Crop

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Cover crop added to current crop rotation to reduce soil erosion from wind to below the soil tolerance (T) level. Cover crops grown during critical erosion period(s). Species are selected that will have physical characteristics to provide adequate erosion protection.

Download full enhancement activity E340102Z (PDF, 206KB)

Enhancement Name

E340106Z1

Intensive cover cropping to increase soil health and soil organic matter content
Conservation Practice 340: Cover Crop

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Implementation of cover crop mix to provide soil coverage during ALL non-crop production periods in an annual crop rotation. Cover crop shall not be harvested or burned. Planned crop rotation including cover crops and associated management activities must achieve a soil conditioning index (SCI) of zero or higher. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document SCI calculations. Download full enhancement activity E340106Z1   (PDF, 209KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E340106Z2

Use of multi-species cover crop to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter
Conservation Practice 340: Cover Crop

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Implement a multi-species cover crop to add diversity and increase biomass production to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter. Cover crop mix must include a minimum of 4 different species. The cover crop mix will increase diversity of the crop rotation by including crop types currently missing, e.g. Cool Season Grass (CSG), Cool Season Broadleaves (CSB), Warm Season Grasses (WSG), Warm Season Broadleaves (WSB).

Download full enhancement activity E340106Z2 (PDF, 240KB)

Enhancement Name

E340106Z3

Intensive cover cropping (orchard or vineyard floor) to increase soil health and soil organic matter content
Conservation Practice 340: Cover Crop

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Implementation of cover crops to provide orchard or vineyard floor coverage throughout the year. Cover crop shall not be harvested, grazed, or burned. Planned cover crop management activities must achieve a soil conditioning index (SCI) of zero or higher and produce a positive trend in the Organic Matter (OM) sub factor over the life of the crop rotation. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document SCI calculations. Download full enhancement activity E340106Z3   (PDF, 243KB)

Enhancement Name

E340106Z4

Use of soil health assessment to assist with development of cover crop mix to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter
Conservation Practice 340: Cover Crop

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Use of a soil health assessment to evaluate impact of current conservation crop rotation in addressing soil organic matter depletion (primary assessment made in Year 1). Soil health assessment results and client’s objectives will be utilized to determine a multi-species cover crop mix that will be added to the crop rotation. During Year 3 a follow up assessment will be completed to allow time for the addition of a cover crop to increase soil organic matter. Download full enhancement activity E340106Z4   (PDF, 260KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E340107Z

Cover crop to minimize soil compaction

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Establish a cover crop mix that includes plants with both fibrous root and deep rooted systems. Fibrous to treat and prevent both near surface (0-4”) and deep (>4”) soil compaction and deep rooted to break up deep compacted soils. Cover crop shall not be harvested, grazed, or burned.

Download full enhancement activity E340107Z (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E340118Z

Cover crop to reduce water quality degradation by utilizing excess soil nutrients – surface water
Conservation Practice 340: Cover Crop

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Establish a cover crop mix to take up excess soil nutrients. Select cover crop species for their ability to effectively utilize nutrients. Terminate the cover crop as late as practical to maximize plant biomass production and nutrient uptake. Cover crop shall not be harvested, grazed, or burned.

Download full enhancement activity E340118Z (PDF, 224KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E340119Z

Cover crop to reduce water quality degradation by utilizing excess soil nutrients-ground water
Conservation Practice 340: Cover Crop

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Establish a cover crop mix to take up excess soil nutrients. Select cover crop species for their ability to effectively utilize nutrients. Terminate the cover crop as late as practical to maximize plant biomass production and nutrient uptake. Cover crop shall not be harvested, grazed, or burned.

Download full enhancement activity E340119Z(PDF, 224KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E340134Z

Cover crops to suppress excessive weed pressures and break pest cycles
Conservation Practice 340: Cover Crop

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Establish a cover crop mix to suppress excessive weed pressures and break pest cycles. Select cover crop species for their life cycles, growth habits, and other biological, chemical and/or physical characteristics. Select cover crop species that do not harbor pests or diseases of subsequent crops in the rotation. Cover crop shall not be harvested, grazed, or burned.

Download full enhancement activity E340134Z(PDF, 197KB)

Enhancement Name

E345101Z

Reduced Tillage to Reduce Water Erosion
Conservation Practice 345: Residue and Tillage Management, Reduced Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a reduced tillage system to reduce sheet and rill erosion soil loss. Field(s) must have a soil loss at or below the soil tolerance (T) level for water erosion for the crop rotation and a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 40 for each crop in the planned rotation. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to calculate soil loss and STIR. Download full enhancement activity E345101Z   (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E345102Z

Reduced Tillage to Reduce Wind Erosion

Conservation Practice 345: Residue and Tillage Management, Reduced Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a reduced tillage system to reduce wind erosion soil loss. Field(s) must have a soil loss at or below the soil tolerance (T) level for wind erosion for the crop rotation and a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 40 for each crop in the planned rotation. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to calculate soil loss and STIR. Download full enhancement activity E345102Z   (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E345106Z

Reduced tillage to increase soil health and soil organic matter content
Conservation Practice 345: Residue and Tillage Management, Reduced Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a reduced till system to increase soil health and soil organic matter content. Each crop in the crop rotation shall have a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 80. The crop rotation must achieve a soil conditioning index (SCI) of zero or higher and produce a positive trend in the Organic Matter (OM) subfactor over the life of the crop rotation. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document STIR and SCI calculations. Residue shall not be burned, grazed, or harvested. Download full enhancement activity E345106Z   (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Name

E345114Z

Reduced tillage to increase plant-available moisture: irrigation water
Conservation Practice 345: Residue and Tillage Management, Reduced Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Insufficient Water

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a reduced till system to increase plant-available moisture. Each crop in the crop rotation shall have a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 80. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document STIR calculations. Maintain a minimum 60 percent surface residue cover throughout the year to reduce evaporation from the soil surface. Download full enhancement activity E345114Z   (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Name

E345115Z

Reduced tillage to increase plant-available moisture: moisture management
Conservation Practice 345: Residue and Tillage Management, Reduced Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Insufficient Water

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a reduced till system to increase plant-available moisture. Each crop in the crop rotation shall have a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 80. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document STIR calculations. Maintain a minimum 60 percent surface residue cover throughout the year to reduce evaporation from the soil surface. Download full enhancement activity E345115Z   (PDF, 191KB)

Enhancement Name

E345128Z

Reduced tillage to reduce tillage induced particulate matter
Conservation Practice 345: Residue and Tillage Management, Reduced Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a reduced tillage system to reduce tillage induced particulate matter. Field(s) must have a soil loss at or below the soil tolerance (T) level for the crop rotation and a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 40 for each crop in the planned rotation. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document soil loss and STIR calculations. Download full enhancement activity E345128Z   (PDF, 189KB)

Enhancement Name

E345144Z

Reduced tillage to reduce energy use
Conservation Practice 345: Residue and Tillage Management, Reduced Till

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Inefficient Energy Use

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Establish a reduced tillage system which reduces total energy consumption associated with field operations by at least 25% compared to conventional tillage systems (benchmark). Each crop in the crop rotation shall have a Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR) of no greater than 80. The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document STIR calculations and energy consumption. Download full enhancement activity E345144Z   (PDF, 195KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E374144Z1

Install variable frequency drive(s) on pump(s)
Conservation Practice 374: Farmstead Energy Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Inefficient Energy Use

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Install Variable Frequency Drive(s) (VFD) on Pumping Plant (Conservation Practice Standard CPS 533) with the correct sensors, on all pumps as indicated in the energy audit.

Download full enhancement activity E374144Z1 (PDF, 145KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E374144Z2

Switch fuel source for pump motor(s)
Conservation Practice 374: Farmstead Energy Improvement

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Inefficient Energy Use

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Switch the fuel source for the pump motor(s) indicated in the energy audit to a renewable source (wind, solar, geothermal, etc.) (CPS 533 Pumping Plant)

Download full enhancement activity E374144Z2 (PDF, 145KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E376128Z

Modify field operations to reduce particulate matter
Conservation Practice 376: Field Operations Emissions Reductions

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Modify tillage and/or harvest operations to reduce particulates by at least 20 percent below the required levels.

Download full enhancement activity E376128Z (PDF, 194KB)

Enhancement Name

E386101Z

Enhanced field borders to reduce water induced erosion along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 30 feet and establish a single species or mixture of species that provide a dense ground cover along the edge(s) of the field. Download full enhancement activity E386101Z   (PDF, 202KB)

Enhancement Name

E386102Z

Enhanced field borders to reduce wind induced erosion along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 30 feet and establish a single species or mixture of species that provide a dense ground cover along the edge(s) of the field. Download full enhancement activity E386102Z   (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E386106Z

Enhanced field borders to increase carbon storage along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 30 feet and establish a single species or mixture of species that provide a dense ground cover and dense rooting system along the edge(s) of the field.

Download full enhancement activity E386106Z (PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E386128Z

Enhanced field borders to decrease particulate emissions along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 40 feet and establish a mixture of species that decrease the particulate emissions along the edge(s) of the field.

Download full enhancement activity E386128Z (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E386136Z

Enhanced field borders to increase food for pollinators along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife - Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 40 feet and establish a mixture of species that provide food for pollinators along the edge(s) of the field.

Download full enhancement activity E386136Z (PDF, 202KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E386137Z

Enhanced field borders to increase wildlife food and cover along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife - Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 40 feet and establish a mixture of species that provide wildlife food and cover along the edge(s) of the field.

Download full enhancement activity E386137Z (PDF, 202KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E386139Z

Enhanced field borders to increase wildlife habitat continuity along the edge(s) of a field
Conservation Practice 386: Field Border

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife - Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Enhance existing field borders to a width of at least 40 feet and establish a mixture of species that provide wildlife habitat continuity along the edge(s) of the field.

Download full enhancement activity E386139Z (PDF, 204KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E390118Z

Increase riparian herbaceous cover width for nutrient reduction
Conservation Practice 390: Riparian Herbaceous Cover

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

5 Years

Enhancement Description

Where an existing herbaceous riparian buffer is located along a river, stream, pond, lake, or other waterbody, increase the width of the buffer in order to allow a greater percentage of nutrient removal from surface and subsurface flows.

Download full enhancement activity E390118Z (PDF, 198KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E390136Z

Increase riparian herbaceous cover width to enhance wildlife habitat
Conservation Practice 390: Riparian Herbaceous Cover

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Associated Ag Land; and Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 Years

Enhancement Description

Where an existing herbaceous riparian buffer is located along a river, stream, pond, lake, or other waterbody, increase the diversity of native species, control invasive species, install fencing and relocate equipment operations, trails, and livestock, and increase the width of the buffer.

Download full enhancement activity E390136Z (PDF, 196KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E391118Z

Increase riparian forest buffer width for nutrient reduction
Conservation Practice 391: Riparian Forest Buffer

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

15 Years

Enhancement Description

Where an existing forested riparian area is located along a river, stream, pond, lake, or other waterbody, increase the width of the buffer in order to allow a greater percentage of nutrient removal from surface and subsurface flows.

Download full enhancement activity E391118Z (PDF, 294KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E391126Z

Increase riparian forest buffer width to reduce sediment loading
Conservation Practice 391: Riparian Forest Buffer

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

15 Years

Enhancement Description

Where an existing forested riparian area is located along a river, stream, pond, lake, or other waterbody, increase the width of the buffer in order to allow a greater percentage of sediment removal from surface flows.

Download full enhancement activity E391126Z (PDF, 218KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E391127Z

Increase stream shading for stream temperature reduction
Conservation Practice 391: Riparian Forest Buffer

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

15 Years

Enhancement Description

Riparian area tree canopy cover density is increased and the extent of the forested riparian area is increased to provide greater stream shading.

Download full enhancement activity E391127Z (PDF, 217KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E391136Z

Increase riparian forest buffer width to enhance wildlife habitat
Conservation Practice 391: Riparian Forest Buffer

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

15 Years

Enhancement Description

Where an existing riparian forest buffer is located along a river, stream, pond, lake, or other waterbody, increase the diversity of native species, control invasive species, install fencing and relocate equipment operations, trails, and livestock to increase the functional width of the buffer.

Download full enhancement activity E391136Z (PDF, 217KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E393118Z

Extend existing filter strip to reduce excess nutrients in surface water
Conservation Practice 393: Filter Strip

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Extend existing filter strips for water quality protection (reduce excess nutrients in surface water). Extend the existing buffer for a total of 60 feet or more to enhance water quality functions. The extended buffers must be composed of at least 5 species of non-noxious, wildlife friendly grasses and/or perennial forbs best suited to site conditions. Include species that provide pollinator food and habitat where possible.

Download full enhancement activity E393118Z (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E393122Z

Extend filter strip to reduce excess pathogens and chemicals in surface water
Conservation Practice 393: Filter Strip

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Agricultural Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Extend existing filter strips for water quality protection (reduce excess pathogens and chemicals from manure, bio-solids or compost applications in surface waters). Extend the existing buffer for a total of 60 feet or more to enhance water quality functions. The extended buffers must be composed of at least 5 species of non-noxious, wildlife friendly grasses and/or perennial forbs best suited to site conditions. Include species that provide pollinator food and habitat where possible

Download full enhancement activity E393122Z (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E393126Z

Extend existing filter strip to reduce excess sediment in surface water
Conservation Practice 393: Filter Strip

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Agricultural Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 Years

Enhancement Description

Extend existing filter strips for water quality protection (reduce excess sediment in surface waters). Extend the existing buffer for a total of 60 feet or more to enhance water quality functions. The extended buffers must be composed of at least 5 species of non-noxious, wildlife friendly grasses and/or perennial forbs best suited to site conditions. Include species that provide pollinator food and habitat where possible.

Download full enhancement activity E393126Z (PDF, 202KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E395137X

Stream habitat improvement through placement of woody biomass
Conservation Practice 395: Stream Habitat Improvement & Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Flexible placement of wood (unanchored/unpinned) in small, 1st and 2nd order streams to improve stream habitat conditions for aquatic species and natural stream processes.

Download full enhancement activity E395137X (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E399137X

Fishpond management for native aquatic and terrestrial species
Conservation Practice 399: Fishpond Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife Inadequate

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Pond rehabilitation, buffer, and watershed management actions are taken to improve habitat for native species of fish, amphibians, and shorebirds

Download full enhancement activity E399137X (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E449114Z5

Complete pumping plant evaluation for all pumps on a farm
Conservation Practice 449: Irrigation Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Insufficient Water

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Evaluation of all pumping plants to determine the potential to rehabilitate/replace/reconfigure pump performance to improve water delerivery efficiency 10% or more. Evaluate to determine if a Variable Frequency Drive motor controller(s) is recommended and the simple payback in terms of energy savings is less than 10 years.

Download full enhancement activity E449114Z5 (PDF, 175KB)

Enhancement Name

E449114Z6

Automated intermittent flood irrigation of rice fields–Year 2-5
Conservation Practice 449: Irrigation Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Insufficient Water

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Rice fields are drained and allowed to “dry down” to a saturated soil condition prior to re-flooding the field. System is installed in year 1 with Scenario E449144Z8 and this scenario used in years 2-5. Download full enhancement activity E449114Z6   (PDF, 186KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E449114Z7

Advanced Automated IWM – Year 2-5, soil moisture monitoring
Conservation Practice 449: Irrigation Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture

Resource Concern Addressed

Insufficient Water

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Advanced automated irrigation water management using soil moisture or water level monitoring (one sensor per 40 acres or less) with data loggers. Record keeping is such that a daily water balance is calculated and future irrigation is forecast. Equipment was bought in year one, this is monitoring for future years. Subscription service may be used as source for monitoring. System will be monitored and controlled using remote devices.

Download full enhancement activity E449114Z7 (PDF, 188KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E449114Z8

Advanced Automated IWM – Year 1, Equipment and soil moisture or water level monitoring
Conservation Practice 449: Irrigation Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture

Resource Concern Addressed

Insufficient Water

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

This activity includes installing and monitoring soil moisture or water leveling equipment for advanced automated irrigation water management. The equipment includes field specific weather station data with soil moisture monitoring (one sensor station per 40 acres or less), data loggers and telemetry. Sensor stations will include a minimum of 2 sensors per site at depths appropriate for the crop and soils. If rice is the major crop, water level sensors may be substituted for the soil moisture sensors. Monitoring will be for the entire irrigation season and data gathered will be used to predict and manage irrigation water on crop grown.

Download full enhancement activity E449114Z8 (PDF, 196KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E449144Z

Complete pumping plant evaluation for all pumps on a farm
Conservation Practice 449: Irrigation Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Inefficient Energy Use

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Evaluation of all pumping plants to determine the potential to rehabilitate/replace/reconfigure to perform 10% more efficiently. Evaluate to determine if a Variable Frequency Drive motor controller(s) is recommended and the simple payback in terms of energy savings is less than 10 years.

Download full enhancement activity E449144Z (PDF, 193KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E472118Z

Manage livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies to reduce nutrients in surface water
Conservation Practice 472: Access Control

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Installation of structures and implementation of grazing management actions that restrict livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies in order to reduce nutrient loading to surface waters.

Download full enhancement activity E472118Z (PDF, KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E472122Z

Manage livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies to reduce pathogens in surface water
Conservation Practice 472: Access Control

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Installation of structures and implementation of grazing management actions that restrict livestock access to streams, ditches, and other waterbodies in order to reduce the introduction of pathogens to surface waters.

Download full enhancement activity E472122Z (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Name

E484106Z

Mulching to improve soil health
Conservation Practice 484: Mulching

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Implement a crop rotation which utilizes mulch and addresses all four principle components of soil health: increases diversity of the cropping system; maintains residue throughout the year; keeps a living root; and minimizes soil chemical, physical and biological disturbance. Plant-based mulching materials will be applied at least once during the rotation. The rotation will include at least 4 different crops and/or cover crops grown in a sequence that will produce a positive trend in the Organic Matter (OM) subfactor value over the life of the rotation, as determined by the Soil Conditioning Index (SCI). The current NRCS wind and water erosion prediction technologies must be used to document the rotation and SCI calculations. Download full enhancement activity E484106Z   (PDF, 199KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E511137Z1

Harvest of crops (hay or small grains) using conservation measures that allow desired species to flush or escape
Conservation Practice 511: Forage Harvest Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Harvest of crops (hay or small grains) using conservation measures that allow desired species to flush or escape. (For species list see State Wildlife Action Plan). Conservation measures include timing of harvest, idling land during the nesting or fawning period, and applying harvest techniques that reduce mortality to wildlife.

Download full enhancement activity E511137Z1 (PDF, 226KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E511137Z2

Forage harvest management that helps maintain or improve wildlife habitat (cover and shelter)
Conservation Practice 511: Forage Harvest Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

The timely cutting and removal of forages from the field as hay, green-chop, or ensilage in such as way and time frames so as optimize both forage yield/quality and wildlife cover and shelter

Download full enhancement activity E511137Z2 (PDF, 198KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E511139Z2

Forage harvest management that helps maintain wildlife habitat continuity (space)
Conservation Practice 511: Forage Harvest Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

The timely cutting and removal of forages from the field as hay, green-chop, or ensilage in such as way and time frames so as to optimize both forage yield/quality and wildlife cover and shelter for habitat and/or continuity between otherwise disconnected habitats.

Download full enhancement activity E511139Z2 (PDF, 199KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E512101Z1

Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture to reduce water erosion
Conservation Practice 512 - Conservation Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Crop (annual & mixed); Crop (perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Conversion of cropped land to grass-based agriculture. Mixtures of perennial grasses, forbs, and/or legume species are established on cropland where annually-seeded cash crops have been grown.

Download full enhancement activity E512101Z1 (PDF, 224KB)

Enhancement Name

E512102Z

Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture to reduce wind erosion
Conservation Practice 512 - Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Crop (annual & mixed); Crop (perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Conversion of cropped land to grass-based agriculture. Mixtures of perennial grasses, forbs, and/or legume species are established on cropland where annually-seeded cash crops have been grown. Download full enhancement activity E512102Z   (PDF, 223KB)

Enhancement Name

E512106Z1

Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture for soil organic matter improvement
Conservation Practice 512 - Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Conversion of cropped land to grass-based agriculture. Mixtures of perennial grasses, forbs, and/or legume species are established on cropland where annually-seeded cash crops have been grown. Download full enhancement activity E512106Z1   (PDF, 224KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E512132Z1

Forage and biomass planting that produces feedstock for biofuels or energy production
Conservation Practice 512: Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Conversion of cropped land to grass-based agriculture. Mixtures of perennial grasses, forbs, and/or legume species are established on cropland where annually-seeded cash crops have been grown.

Download full enhancement activity E512132Z1 (PDF, 198KB)

Enhancement Name

E512140Z

Native grasses or legumes in forage base
Conservation Practice 512: Forage and Biomass Planting

Applicable Land Use

Crop (perennial); Pasture; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Livestock Production Limitation

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Establishing adapted and/or compatible species, varieties, or cultivars of perennial, herbaceous species that can provide the structure and composition needed to enhance livestock and wildlife habitat, particularly when targeted forage supply and quality, cover, and shelter are not available in other pastures. Download full enhancement activity E512140Z   (PDF, KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E550106Z

Range planting for increasing/maintaining organic matter


Conservation Practice 550: Range Planting

Applicable Land Use

Range; Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Establishment of adapted perennial or self-sustaining vegetation such as grasses, forbs, legumes, shrubs and trees for the purpose of increasing or maintaining organic matter levels in the soil.

Download full enhancement activity E550106Z (PDF, 187KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E550136Z

Range planting for improving forage, browse, or cover for wildlife
Conservation Practice 550: Range Planting

Applicable Land Use

Range; Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Establishment of adapted perennial or self-sustaining vegetation such as grasses, forbs, legumes, shrubs and trees for the purpose of improving forage, browse, or cover for wildlife on areas that have been degraded beyond recovery via ecological principles, or old crop fields and pastures devoid of desirable, native rangeland species that fit within an ecological site description steady state.

Download full enhancement activity E550136Z (PDF, 189KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E554118Z1

Installation of end of pipe or ditch treatment for phosphorus
Conservation Practice 554: Drainage Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Add end of pipe/ditch treatment. If dissolved phosphorus is the pollutant of concern, use Interim CPS 782, Phosphorus Treatment Structure for each drainage outlet in a field.

Download full enhancement activity E554118Z1 (PDF, 187KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E554118Z2

Saturated buffer drain outlet
Conservation Practice 554: Drainage Water Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Install Conservation Practice Standard 604, Saturated Buffer so all of the drain outlets on a field are routed through an appropriate buffer.

Download full enhancement activity E554118Z2 (PDF, 185KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E578139X

Stream crossing elimination
Conservation Practice 578: Stream Crossing

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

10 years

Enhancement Description

Existing stream crossings on an operation are consolidated into fewer crossings in order to reduce impacts to stream habitat.

Download full enhancement activity E578139X (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E580105Z

Stream corridor bank stability improvement
Conservation Practice 580: Streambank and shoreline protection

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Soil Erosion

Enhancement Lifespan

20 years

Enhancement Description

Stream corridor bank vegetation components are established to provide additional stream corridor bank stability.

Download full enhancement activity E580105Z(PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E580137Z

Stream corridor bank vegetation improvement
Conservation Practice 580: Streambank and shoreline protection

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Farmstead; Associated Ag Land

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

20 years

Enhancement Description

Stream corridor bank vegetation components are established to improve ecosystem functioning and stability.

Download full enhancement activity E580137Z (PDF, 200KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E590118Z

Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to surface water
Conservation Practice 590: Nutrient Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (annual & mixed); Crop (perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Download full enhancement activity E590118Z (PDF, 220KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E590119Z

Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to groundwater
Conservation Practice 590: Nutrient Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (annual & mixed); Crop (perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Nutrient management encompasses managing the amount, source, placement, and timing of the application of plant nutrients and soil amendments. Nutrients are currently being applied on the farm based on the 4R nutrient stewardship principles. Enhanced nutrient use efficiency strategies or technologies are utilized to improve nutrient use efficiency and reduce risk of nutrient losses.

Download full enhancement activity E590119Z (PDF, 222KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E590119X

Reduce risks of nutrient losses to ground water by utilizing precision agriculture technologies to plan and apply nutrients.
Conservation Practice 590: Nutrient Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (annual & mixed); Crop (perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Utilize precision application technology and techniques to reduce risk of nutrients in ground water by reducing total amount of applied and reducing the potential for delivery of nutrients into ground water. Precision agriculture technology is utilized to plan and apply nutrients to improve nutrient use efficiency and reduce risk of nutrient losses.

Download full enhancement activity E590119X (PDF, 191KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E590130Z

Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risks to air quality – emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs)
Conservation Practice 590: Nutrient Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (annual & mixed); Crop (perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Nutrient management encompasses managing the amount, source, placement, and timing of the application of plant nutrients and soil amendments. Nutrients are currently being applied on the farm based on the 4R nutrient stewardship principles. Enhanced nutrient use efficiency strategies or technologies are utilized to improve nutrient use efficiency and reduce risks to air quality by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Download full enhancement activity E590130Z(PDF, 227KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E595116X

Reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by utilizing precision pesticide application techniques


Conservation Practice 595: Integrated Pest Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (annual & mixed); Crop (perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Utilize precision application techniques to reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by reducing total amount of chemical applied and reducing the potential for delivery of chemicals into water bodies.

Download full enhancement activity E595116X (PDF, 186KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E595116Z

Reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by utilizing IPM PAMS techniques
Conservation Practice 595: Integrated Pest Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (annual & mixed), Crop (perennial), Pasture

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Utilize integrated pest management (IPM) prevent, avoidance, monitoring, and suppression (PAMS) techniques to reduce risk of pesticides in surface water and reducing the potential for delivery of chemicals into water bodies.

Download full enhancement activity E595116Z (PDF, 208KB)

Enhancement Name

E595116Z2

Reducing routine neonicotinoid seed treatments on corn and soybean crops
Conservation Practice 595: Integrated Pest Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (annual)

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Eliminate routine use of neonicotinoid seed treatments to reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by reducing the total amount of chemical applied and reducing the potential for delivery of chemicals into water bodies that would impair water quality and fish and wildlife habitat. Download full enhancement activity E595116Z2   (PDF, 181KB)

Enhancement Name

E595129Z

Reduce ozone precursor emissions related to pesticides by utilizing IPM PAMS techniques
Conservation Practice 595: Integrated Pest Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (annual & mixed), Crop (perennial), Pasture

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Utilize integrated pest management (IPM) prevent, avoidance, monitoring, and suppression (PAMS) techniques to reduce ozone precursor emissions related to pesticides. Download full enhancement activity E595129Z   (PDF, 205KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612126Z

Cropland conversion to trees or shrubs for long term improvement of water quality
Conservation Practice 612: Trees/shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial)

Resource Concern Addressed

Water Quality Degradation

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Cropland conversion to trees and shrubs for long term erosion control and improvement of water quality. Trees and shrubs are established on cropland where annually-seeded cash crops have been grown. Tree and/or shrub species are selected for their efficacy in holding soil, and the planting design is configured to control runoff and trap sediment.

Download full enhancement activity E612126Z (PDF, 198KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612130Z

Planting for high carbon sequestration rate
Conservation Practice 612: Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial), Pasture, Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Air Quality Impacts

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Plant tree species and use stocking levels for higher growth to increase the rate of carbon sequestration (capture). Use species with a longer life span as well as relatively fast growth, and species suitable for durable manufactured products. Increase stocking levels in forests that are not fully stocked. Implement afforestation on appropriate open lands.

Download full enhancement activity E612130Z (PDF, 198KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612133X1

Adding food-producing trees and shrubs to existing agroforestry plantings
Conservation Practice 612: Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Degraded Plant Condition

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Plant food-producing trees and shrubs for wildlife or human consumption within windbreaks, alley cropping, multi-story cropping, silvopasture systems, and/or riparian forest buffers.

Download full enhancement activity E612133X1 (PDF, 201KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612136Z

Tree/shrub planting for wildlife food
Conservation Practice 612:Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial), Pasture, Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Tree and shrub planting will enhance habitat for native wildlife. A minimum of five tree and shrub species will be used; they will be species that provide food for identified wildlife species.

Download full enhancement activity E612136Z (PDF, 199KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E612137Z

Tree/shrub planting for wildlife cover
Conservation Practice 612:Tree/Shrub Establishment

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial), Pasture, Range, Forest, Associated Ag Land, Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

15 years

Enhancement Description

Tree and shrub planting will enhance habitat for native wildlife. A minimum of five tree and shrub species will be used; they will be species that provide cover for identified wildlife species.

Download full enhancement activity E612137Z (PDF, 199KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E644136Z

Managing flood-irrigated landscapes for wildlife
Conservation Practice 644: Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed), Crop (Perennial), Pasture

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Developing and implementing a conservation plan that supports maintenance of flood-irrigation in key landscapes to provide important foraging habitat for local breeding and migratory waterfowl and waterbirds.

Download full enhancement activity E644136Z (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E645137Z

Reduction of attractants to human-subsidized predators in sensitive wildlife species habitat
Conservation Practice 645: Upland Wildlife Habitat Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Pasture; Range; Forest; Associated Ag Land; Farmstead

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 Year

Enhancement Description

Reduction of artificial perching sites, nest sites, food, and water available to subsidized predators in areas where human-subsidized predators are a threat to sensitive wildlife species. Human-subsidized predators may include ravens, crows, magpies, coyotes, foxes, skunks, raccoons, and other species. Activities under this enhancement may include removal of non-native or invasive trees; removal of unused power poles, corrals, windmills, buildings, and other vertical structures; and/or removal or management of watering facilities, dead livestock, road kill, garbage, animal feed, dumps, and other non-natural food sources.

Download full enhancement activity E645137Z (PDF, 192KB)

Enhancement Code and Name

E646137X

Renovate small, shallow pothole and playa sites which may seasonally hold water
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development & Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed); Crop (Perennial); Associated Land Use

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 Years

Enhancement Description

Renovate small, shallow pothole and playa sites which may seasonally hold water.

Download full enhancement activity E646137X (PDF, 196KB)

Enhancement Name

E646136Z1

Close structures to capture and retain rainfall to improve food sources for waterfowl and other wading birds during winter
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

When flooded to shallow depths during fall and winter, agricultural fields provide ideal foraging habitat for myriad species of waterfowl and wading birds. Harvested and idled agricultural lands, notably those occurring within rice rotations, contain high densities of residual (i.e., waste) grain and natural seeds following harvest. Seed densities in harvested rice fields may rival those documented in intensively managed moist-soil units, especially in the Gulf Coast and Central Valley of California. In addition, flooded conditions promote establishment of aquatic invertebrate populations, thus providing protein-rich food sources for shorebirds as well as waterfowl and wading birds. Download full enhancement activity E646136Z1   (PDF, 216KB)

Enhancement Name

E646136Z2

Extend retention of captured rainfall to provide enhanced food sources for late winter habitat for migratory waterfowl and shorebirds
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

When flooded to shallow depths during fall and winter, agricultural fields provide ideal foraging habitat for myriad species of waterfowl and wading birds. Harvested and idled agricultural lands, notably those occurring within rice rotations, contain high densities of residual (i.e., waste) grain and natural seeds following harvest. In addition, flooded conditions promote establishment of aquatic invertebrate populations, thus providing protein-rich food sources for shorebirds as well as waterfowl and wading birds. Benefits may become greatest during late winter and early spring as birds are assimilating nutrient and fat reserves in preparation for northward migration. However, agricultural fields flooded during fall-winter are typically drained during late January or February in advance of spring planting. This often results in a rapid reduction in available habitat, and may constrain ability of migratory birds to adequately prepare for migration, with greatest impacts likely occurring during years of low winter precipitation. Retention of water on agricultural lands into early spring will produce maximum benefits to migratory waterfowl and shorebirds by providing high quality habitat during a time when habitat may otherwise be in low abundance. Download full enhancement activity E646136Z2   (PDF, 215KB)

Enhancement Name

E646136Z3

Shorebird habitat, late season shallow water with manipulation to improve food sources
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Suitable shorebird habitat is limited during the summer and fall as birds migrate south post-breeding. Providing shallow water and mud flat habitat will benefit a variety of shorebird species. Optimal conditions are created when water levels are slowly reduced through evaporation, which allows for propagation of invertebrates (typically insect larvae) used as food by shorebirds. Manipulation of vegetation, preferably through rolling, creates open conditions required by this suite of birds as a means to detect and avoid predators, and provides nutrient inputs for invertebrate production. Download full enhancement activity E646136Z3   (PDF, 215KB)

Enhancement Name

E646136Z4

Shorebird habitat, extended late season shallow water with manipulation to improve food sources
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Suitable shorebird habitat is limited during the summer and fall as birds migrate south post-breeding. Providing shallow water and mud flat habitat will benefit a variety of shorebird species. Optimal conditions are created when water levels are slowly reduced through evaporation, which allows for propagation of invertebrates (typically insect larvae) used as food by shorebirds. Manipulation of vegetation, preferably through rolling, creates open conditions required by this suite of birds as a means to detect and avoid predators, and provides nutrient inputs for invertebrate production. Download full enhancement activity E646136Z4   (PDF, 216KB)

Enhancement Name

E646137Z1

Close structures to capture and retain rainfall to improve cover and shelter for waterfowl and wading birds during winter
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

When flooded to shallow depths during fall and winter, agricultural fields provide ideal cover and shelter for myriad species of waterfowl and wading birds. Many declining suites of wildlife species rely on early successional habitats for at least part of their life cycle needs. Migratory shorebird species in particular rely on open, moist soil or shallowly flooded conditions for foraging and security. Harvested and idled agricultural lands, notably those occurring within rice rotations, can contain high densities of early successional vegetation. When moisture is added to this situation, short-term habitat is available and cover and shelter is provided to early successional species. Download full enhancement activity E646137Z1   (PDF, 216KB)

Enhancement Name

E646137Z2

Extend retention of captured rainfall to provide enhanced cover and shelter for late winter habitat for migratory waterfowl and shorebirds
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

When flooded to shallow depths during fall and winter, agricultural fields provide ideal cover and shelter for myriad species of waterfowl and wading birds. Many declining suites of wildlife species rely on early successional habitats for at least part of their life cycle needs. Migratory shorebird species in particular rely on open, moist soil or shallowly flooded conditions for foraging and security. Harvested and idled agricultural lands, notably those occurring within rice rotations, can contain high densities of early successional vegetation. When moisture is added to this situation, cover and shelter is provided to early successional species. Benefits may become greatest during late winter and early spring as birds are assimilating nutrient and fat reserves in preparation for northward migration. However, agricultural fields flooded during fall-winter are typically drained during late January or February in advance of spring planting. This often results in a rapid reduction in available habitat, and may constrain ability of migratory birds to adequately prepare for migration, with greatest impacts likely occurring during years of low winter precipitation. Retention of water on agricultural lands into early spring will produce maximum benefits to migratory waterfowl and shorebirds by providing high quality habitat during a time when habitat may otherwise be in low abundance. Download full enhancement activity E646137Z2   (PDF, 217KB)

Enhancement Name

E646137Z3

Shorebird habitat, late season shallow water with manipulation to improve cover and shelter
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Suitable shorebird habitat is limited during the summer and fall as birds migrate south post-breeding. Providing shallow water and mud flat habitat will benefit a variety of shorebird species. Optimal conditions are created when water levels are slowly reduced through evaporation, which allows for propagation of invertebrates (typically insect larvae) used as food by shorebirds. Manipulation of vegetation, preferably through rolling, creates open conditions required by this suite of birds as a means to detect and avoid predators, and provides nutrient inputs for invertebrate production. Download full enhancement activity E646137Z3   (PDF, 215KB)

Enhancement Name

E646137Z4

Shorebird habitat, extended late season shallow water with manipulation to improve cover and shelter
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Suitable shorebird habitat is limited during the summer and fall as birds migrate south post-breeding. Providing shallow water and mud flat habitat will benefit a variety of shorebird species. Optimal conditions are created when water levels are slowly reduced through evaporation, which allows for propagation of invertebrates (typically insect larvae) used as food by shorebirds. Manipulation of vegetation, preferably through rolling, creates open conditions required by this suite of birds as a means to detect and avoid predators, and provides nutrient inputs for invertebrate production. Download full enhancement activity E646137Z4   (PDF, KB)

Enhancement Name

E646138Z1

Close structures to capture and retain rainfall to improve water sources for waterfowl and wading birds during winter
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

When flooded to shallow depths during fall and winter, agricultural fields provide ideal habitat for myriad species of waterfowl and wading birds. Harvested and idled agricultural lands, notably those occurring within rice rotations, contain high densities of residual (i.e., waste) grain and natural seeds following harvest. Seed densities in harvested rice fields may rival those documented in intensively managed moist-soil units, especially in the Gulf Coast and Central Valley of California. Capturing and retaining water on those areas provide access for waterfowl and wading birds and promote the establishment of aquatic invertebrate populations, thus providing protein-rich food sources. Download full enhancement activity E646138Z1   (PDF, 215KB)

Enhancement Name

E646138Z2

Extend retention of captured rainfall to provide late winter water habitat for migratory waterfowl and shorebirds
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

When flooded to shallow depths during fall and winter, agricultural fields provide ideal habitat for myriad species of waterfowl and wading birds. Harvested and idled agricultural lands, notably those occurring within rice rotations, contain high densities of residual (i.e., waste) grain and natural seeds following harvest. In addition, flooded conditions provide access for waterfowl and wading birds and promote establishment of aquatic invertebrate populations, thus providing protein-rich food sources for shorebirds as well as waterfowl and wading birds. Benefits may become greatest during late winter and early spring as birds are assimilating nutrient and fat reserves in preparation for northward. However, agricultural fields flooded during fall-winter are typically drained during late January or February in advance of spring planting. This often results in a rapid reduction in available habitat, and may constrain ability of migratory birds to adequately prepare for migration, with greatest impacts likely occurring during years of low winter precipitation. Retention of water on agricultural lands into early spring will produce maximum benefits to migratory waterfowl and shorebirds by providing high quality habitat during a time when habitat may otherwise be in low abundance. Download full enhancement activity E646138Z2   (PDF, 216KB)

Enhancement Name

E646138Z3

Shorebird habitat, late season shallow water with manipulation
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Suitable shorebird habitat is limited during the summer and fall as birds migrate south post-breeding. Providing shallow water and mud flat habitat will benefit a variety of shorebird species. Improved conditions are created when water levels are slowly reduced through evaporation, which allows for propagation of invertebrates (typically insect larvae) used as food by shorebirds. Manipulation of vegetation, preferably through rolling, creates open conditions required by this suite of birds as a means to detect and avoid predators, and provides nutrient inputs for invertebrate production. Download full enhancement activity E646138Z3   (PDF, 215KB)

Enhancement Name

E646138Z4

Shorebird habitat, extended late season shallow water with manipulation
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Suitable shorebird habitat is limited during the summer and fall as birds migrate south post-breeding. Providing shallow water and mud flat habitat will benefit a variety of shorebird species. Optimal conditions are created when water levels are slowly reduced through evaporation, which allows for propagation of invertebrates (typically insect larvae) used as food by shorebirds. Manipulation of vegetation, preferably through rolling, creates open conditions required by this suite of birds as a means to detect and avoid predators, and provides nutrient inputs for invertebrate production. Download full enhancement activity E646138Z4   (PDF, 215KB)

Enhancement Name

E646139Z1

Close structures to capture and retain rainfall for waterfowl and wading birds to improve habitat continuity during winter
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

When flooded to shallow depths during fall and winter, agricultural fields provide habitat for myriad species of waterfowl and wading birds. The flooded conditions promote a network or continuity of habitat that is available to migratory waterfowl, shorebirds, and wading birds. Harvested and idled agricultural lands, notably those occurring within rice rotations, contain high densities of residual (i.e., waste) grain and natural seeds following harvest. Seed densities in harvested rice fields may rival those documented in intensively managed moist-soil units, especially in the Gulf Coast and Central Valley of California. In addition, flooded conditions promote establishment of aquatic invertebrate populations, thus providing protein-rich food sources for shorebirds as well as waterfowl and wading birds. Download full enhancement activity E646139Z1   (PDF, 217KB)

Enhancement Name

E646139Z2

Extend retention of captured rainfall to provide habitat continuity during late winter for migratory waterfowl and shorebirds
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

When flooded to shallow depths during fall and retained into late winter, agricultural fields provide habitat for myriad species of waterfowl and wading birds. However, agricultural fields flooded during fall-winter are typically drained during late January or February in advance of spring planting. This often results in a rapid reduction in available habitat, and may constrain ability of migratory birds to adequately prepare for migration, with greatest impacts likely occurring during years of low winter precipitation. Retention of water on agricultural lands into early spring will provide a network or continuity of habitat for waterfowl, wading birds, and shorebirds during a time when it may otherwise be in low abundance. In addition, flooded conditions promote establishment of aquatic invertebrate populations, thus providing protein-rich food sources for shorebirds as well as waterfowl and wading birds. Download full enhancement activity E646139Z2   (PDF, 217KB)

Enhancement Name

E646139Z3

Shorebird habitat, late season shallow water with manipulation to enhance habitat continuity and space
Conservation Practice 646: Shallow Water Development and Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Suitable shorebird habitat is limited during the summer and fall as birds migrate south post-breeding (Elliott and McKnight 2000). Providing shallow water and mud flat habitat will benefit a variety of shorebird species (Vermillion 2012). Optimal conditions are created when water levels are slowly reduced through evaporation, which allows for propagation of invertebrates (typically insect larvae) used as food by shorebirds (Elphick et. al. 2010). Manipulation of vegetation, preferably through rolling, creates open conditions required by this suite of birds as a means to detect and avoid predators, and provides nutrient inputs for invertebrate production. Download full enhancement activity E646139Z3   (PDF, 216KB)

Enhancement Name

E646139Z4

 

Applicable Land Use

Shorebird habitat, extended late season shallow water with manipulation to enhance habitat continuity and space

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

5 years

Enhancement Description

Suitable shorebird habitat is limited during the summer and fall as birds migrate south post-breeding. Providing shallow water with manipulation of vegetation creates a network or continuity of habitat required by this suite of migratory birds during a time when it may otherwise be in low abundance. Optimal conditions are created when water levels are slowly reduced through evaporation, which allows for propagation of invertebrates (typically insect larvae) used as food by shorebirds. Manipulation of vegetation, preferably through rolling, creates open conditions required by this suite of birds as a means to detect and avoid predators, and provides nutrient inputs for invertebrate production. Download full enhancement activity E646139Z4   (PDF, 216KB)

Enhancement Name

E647136Z1

Manipulate vegetation on fields where rainfall is to be captured and retained to provide enhanced food sources for wildlife
Conservation Practice 647: Early Successional Habitat Development /Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Harvested and idled agricultural lands, notably those occurring within rice rotations, contain high densities of residual (i.e., waste) grain and natural seeds following harvest. Seed densities in harvested rice fields may rival those documented in intensively managed moist-soil units, especially in the Gulf Coast and Central Valley of California. When flooded to shallow depths during fall and winter, these agricultural fields provide ideal foraging habitat for myriad species of waterfowl and wading birds. In addition, flooded conditions promote establishment of aquatic invertebrate populations, thus providing protein-rich food sources for shorebirds as well as waterfowl and wading birds. In many cases, light manipulation of dense vegetation is needed to improve the accessibility of food resources to waterfowl, wading birds, and shorebirds. Download full enhancement activity E647136Z1   (PDF, 215KB)

Enhancement Name

E647136Z2

Provide early successional habitat between first rice crop and ratoon crop to support important wildlife food sources
Conservation Practice 647: Early Successional Habitat Development /Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Many declining suites of wildlife species rely on early successional habitats for at least part of their life cycle needs. Migratory shorebird species in particular rely on open, moist soil or shallowly flooded conditions for foraging and security. Rice farms support many migratory and resident water bird species. The first rice crop harvest often coincides with the arrival of early migrating shorebirds. This time of year is also the highest rainfall months. If standing rice stubble from the first crop is rolled to push above-ground stalks level with the soil surface, the first component of this type of habitat is met. When moisture is added to this situation, short-term habitat is available until the ratoon crop initiates growth to a height beyond that which would provide benefit to the early successional species. Download full enhancement activity E647136Z2   (PDF, 214KB)

Enhancement Name

E647136Z3
Establish and maintain moist soil vegetation on cropland edges to increase wildlife food sources and habitat diversity

Conservation Practice 647: Early Successional Habitat Development Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

The wetter or more water saturated portions of cropland fields such as areas adjacent to field drains, have the potential to produce a significant amount of moist soil plants which are a tremendously valuable source of forage and cover for many waterfowl, shorebird and wading bird species, especially during a period of time when such plants may be limited. Under normal cropland production, the native vegetation is restricted on these sites through mechanical and/or chemical control. These maintained moist soil plants also will provide filtering and improve water quality.

Download full enhancement activity E647136Z3   (PDF, 191KB)

Enhancement Name

E647137Z1

Manipulate vegetation on fields where rainfall is to be captured and retained to provide enhanced cover and shelter for wildlife
Conservation Practice 647: Early Successional Habitat Development /Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Harvested and idled agricultural lands, notably those occurring within rice rotations, contain high densities of residual (i.e., waste) grain and natural seeds following harvest. Seed densities in harvested rice fields may rival those documented in intensively managed moist-soil units, especially in the Gulf Coast and Central Valley of California. When flooded to shallow depths during fall and winter, these agricultural fields provide ideal foraging habitat for myriad species of waterfowl and wading birds. In addition, flooded conditions promote establishment of aquatic invertebrate populations, thus providing protein-rich food sources for shorebirds as well as waterfowl and wading birds. In many cases, light manipulation of dense vegetation is needed to improve the accessibility of food resources to waterfowl, wading birds, and shorebirds. Download full enhancement activity E647137Z1   (PDF, KB)

Enhancement Name

E647136Z2

Provide early successional habitat between first rice crop and ratoon crop to support important wildlife food sources
Conservation Practice 647: Early Successional Habitat Development /Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Many declining suites of wildlife species rely on early successional habitats for at least part of their life cycle needs. Migratory shorebird species in particular rely on open, moist soil or shallowly flooded conditions for foraging and security. Rice farms support many migratory and resident water bird species. The first rice crop harvest often coincides with the arrival of early migrating shorebirds. This time of year is also the highest rainfall months. If standing rice stubble from the first crop is rolled to push above-ground stalks level with the soil surface, the first component of this type of habitat is met. When moisture is added to this situation, short-term habitat is available until the ratoon crop initiates growth to a height beyond that which would provide benefit to the early successional species. Download full enhancement activity E647136Z2   (PDF, 214KB)

Enhancement Name

 

 

Applicable Land Use

 

Resource Concern Addressed

 

Enhancement Lifespan

 

Enhancement Description

Download full enhancement activity   (PDF, KB)

Enhancement Name

 

 

Applicable Land Use

 

Resource Concern Addressed

 

Enhancement Lifespan

 

Enhancement Description

Download full enhancement activity   (PDF, KB)

Enhancement Name

E647139Z1

Establish and maintain wildlife habitat continuity by providing early successional, naturally occurring vegetation in ditches and ditch bank borders
Conservation Practice 647: Early Successional Habitat Development Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

This enhancement is to encourage the establishment of early successional, naturally occurring vegetation in ditches, side slope and bank borders to provide cover, critical nesting and brood rearing habitat as well as filtering overland flow and improving water quality. Ditches perform the critical function of removing water from agricultural lands. Allowing naturally occurring vegetation to develop along ditches, including side slopes, banks and borders, will help provide food and cover for wildlife while enhancing aquatic habitat and improving water quality. Ditches and ditch borders provide a foundation that supports a diverse wildlife community including Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) and other birds preferring early successional cover. Rabbits, furbearers, amphibians and many other species that inhabit agriculture areas will use this vegetative cover. These areas can also provide critical nesting habitat for the Mottled Duck (Anas fulvigula). Download full enhancement activity E647139Z1  (PDF, 196KB)

Enhancement Name

E647139Z2

Provide early successional habitat between first rice crop and ratoon crop to support space and continuity for wildlife
Conservation Practice 647: Early Successional Habitat Development /Management

Applicable Land Use

Crop (Annual & Mixed)

Resource Concern Addressed

Fish & Wildlife – Inadequate Habitat

Enhancement Lifespan

1 year

Enhancement Description

Many declining suites of wildlife species rely on early successional habitats for at least part of their life cycle needs. Migratory shorebird species in particular rely on open, moist soil or shallowly flooded conditions for foraging and security. Rice farms support many migratory and resident water bird species. The first rice crop harvest often coincides with the arrival of early migrating shorebirds and can provide necessary habitat continuity and space. If standing rice stubble from the first crop is rolled to push above-ground stalks level with the soil surface, the first component of this type of habitat is met. When moisture is added to this situation, short-term habitat is available until the ratoon crop initiates growth to a height beyond that which would provide benefit to the early successional species. Download full enhancement activity E647139Z2   (PDF, 214KB)

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