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North Carolina Feral Swine Control Pilot Project

Points of Contact

Rafael Vega  
State Resource Conservationist
4407 Bland Rd. Suite 117
Raleigh, NC 27609

Steve Smith
State Director Wildlife Services
6213-E Angus Drive
Raleigh, NC 27617

Project Area

Project area is located on the Southern portion of Sampson County North Carolina. Sampson county is the largest in the state and is considered in the top two producers of pork in the state. As well, producers in the county cultivate a variety of crops including vegetables, soybeans and tobacco. This project area is 20% cropland and have approximately 740, 000 head of swine.

Geographically, Sampson County is in the Coastal Plain physiographic province. The land surface is mostly nearly level to gently sloping but includes some side slopes along the dissected, shallow stream valleys. The area is made up of sedimentary soils transported from other areas by the ocean or rivers.

Most of Sampson County is in the Cape Fear River Basin. The drainage is southward into the Black River. The water in the Goshen Swamp watershed flows eastward into the Neuse River Basin. The flat or slightly depressional areas are generally swampy, and many creeks and rivers encircle the swamps. The principal natural resources in the county are a reasonable abundance of surface water, an excellent subsurface water supply, soils capable of producing a variety of crops, timber, an excellent climate, adequate rainfall, and favorable topography.

North Carolina Feral Swine Control Pilot Project map


Estimated Equipment Needed

NRCS funds may be used for the equipment necessary for the pilot project. Further questions about the equipment needed, the amount, and use of the equipment should be directed to the point of contract for the project. It is expected to that the following equipment will be crucial for the implementation of the project with the pilot area:

  • Traps
    • 15 large corral style traps
    • To be used by APHIS employees or trained landowners
    • Could remain in the control of partner for landowner use after the life of the project
  • Incidental materials in support of implementation of outreach events

Monitoring/Evaluation Requirements of Partner

Due to the new nature of the pilot program, it will be crucial to collect, monitor, and evaluate data regarding feral swine populations, agricultural damage, and environmental concerns. For this project, partners are expected to:

  • Assist with damage assessments both pre and post trapping
  • Conduct disease testing and monitoring
  • Follow-up with landowners and resource owners will be conducted throughout the project to record trends in impacts from feral swine

Anticipated Partnerships within the Project

It is important that the partner be able to work with the below entities, as well as state and local governments that work in the pilot areas.

  • Partnership with other NGOs, NC State University, and other interested groups will be encouraged for monitoring and evaluation

Outreach/Education Expectations

Education and outreach will be essential aspects of the project to ensure landowners are educated on the need for removing feral swine, approved techniques, and methods for controlling feral swine populations. Partners are expected to assist with outreach and education activities in the following ways:

  • Engage communities about the detrimental issues associated with feral swine.
  • Educational effort will be needed to assure community and landowner buy in as well as support from the swine industry
  • Conduct liaison activities with commercial swine operations in the target area
  • Best management practices for trapping, disposal, and biosecurity protocols must be an important part of that educational outreach
  • A minimum of 6 outreach events will be held in the project area

Additional Partner Requirements

  • Manage of trap inventory
  • Secure access to properties and sites
  • Provide support for GIS mapping and progress tracking, assist with feral swine disposal, conduct disease sampling, and provide personnel support to assist APHIS with feral swine removal efforts as needed
  • Landowner participation agreements will be necessary for the project and the third-party partner will assist in securing these participation agreements