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Illinois Native Plant Guide - Swamp White Oak - Pages 112-113

Illinois Native Plant Guide

Swamp White Oak
Quercus bicolor

Preferred Water Depth and Inundation Tolerance

Floodplain and terrace species. Prefers moist soil that dries out towards the end of the growing season. Species tolerates spring flooding.

Wildlife Value

Acorns from this species are an important food source for many small mammals, deer, and birds. Provides habitat for many birds, reptiles, and amphibians.


Used in upper shoreline zones and for upland slope buffer stabilization.

Availability, Establishment, and Maintenance

  • Available as balled and burlapped or bareroot stock.
  • Tap roots make most oaks difficult to transplant, but Quercus bicolor has a more fibrous root system, making transplanting easier.

Swamp White Oak
Quercus bicolor

Mature HeightSwamp White Oak
50 to 70 feet

Plant Type
Deciduous tree

Indicator Status
Facultative Wet (+)

Not available

Nutrient Load Tolerance

Salt Tolerance

Siltation Tolerance

Flowering Color and Time

Light Preference
Full sun

Seeding Rate
Not applicable

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