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National Enhancements (with Idaho-Specific Info. Where Applicable) - 2013

"Enhancement" means a type of conservation activity used to treat natural resources and improve conservation performance. Enhancements are installed at a level of management intensity that exceeds the sustainable level for a given resource concern, and those directly related to a practice standard are applied in a manner that exceeds the minimum treatment requirements of the standard. The following list of national enhancements is grouped by resource concern. For some of the national enhancements, Idaho-specific information or additional guidance has been added as an Addendum to the end of the enhancement.

Air Quality Enhancements:

AIR03 - Replace burning of prunings, removals and other crop residues with non-burning
             alternatives (PDF; 91 KB)
AIR04 - Use drift reducing nozzles, low pressures, lower boom height and adjuvants to
             reduce pesticide drift (PDF; 109 KB)
AIR07 - GPS, targeted spray application (SmartSprayer), or other chemical application
             electronic control technology (PDF; 111 KB)
AIR08 - Nitrification inhibitors or urease inhibitors (PDF; 95 KB)

Animal Enhancements:

ANM03 - Incorporate native grasses and/or legumes into 15% or more of herbage dry
               matter productivity (PDF; 117 KB)
ANM05 - Extending riparian forest buffers for water quality protection and wildlife habitat
              (PDF; 109 KB)
ANM07 - Extending existing field borders for water quality protection and wildlife habitat
              (PDF; 89 KB)
ANM09 - Grazing management to improve wildlife habitat (PDF; 104 KB)
ANM10 - Harvest hay in a manner that allows wildlife to flush and escape (PDF; 84 KB)
ANM11 - Patch-burning to enhance wildlife habitat (PDF; 86 KB)
ANM12 - Shallow water habitat (PDF; 83 KB)
ANM17 - Monitoring nutritional status of livestock using the NUTBAL PRO system
              (PDF; 85 KB)
ANM21 - Prairie restoration for grazing and wildlife habitat (PDF; 121 KB)
ANM25 - Stockpiling forages to extend the grazing season (PDF; 107 KB)
ANM26 - Managing calving to coincide with forage availability (PDF; 121 KB)
ANM27 - Wildlife friendly fencing (PDF; 90 KB)
ANM29 - On-farm forage based grazing system (PDF; 79 KB)
ANM32 - Extend existing filter strips or riparian herbaceous cover for water quality
              protection and wildlife habitat (PDF; 99 KB)
ANM33 - Riparian buffer, terrestrial and aquatic wildlife habitat (PDF; 94 KB)
ANM34 - Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife (PDF; 209 KB)
ANM35 - Enhance wildlife habitat expired grass legume covered CRP acres PDF; 162 KB)
ANM36 - Enhance wildlife habitat expired tree covered CRP acres (PDF; 190 KB)
ANM37 - Prescriptive grazing management system for grazing lands  (PDF; 205 KB)
ANM38 - Retrofit water facility wildlife escape enhanced access  (PDF; 74 KB)

Energy Enhancements:

ENR01 - Fuel use reduction for field operations (PDF; 95 KB)
ENR09 - Variable frequency drive electric (PDF: 89 KB)
ENR10 - Using nitrogen provided by legumes, animal manure and compost to supply 90
              to 100% of the nitrogen needs (PDF; 136 KB)
ENR12 - Use of legume cover crops as a nitrogen source (PDF; 140 KB)

Plant Enhancements:

PLT02 - Monitoring key grazing areas to improve grazing management (PDF; 97 KB)
PLT05 - Multi-story cropping, sustainable management of nontimber forest plants (PDF; 98 KB)
PLT06 - Renovation of a windbreak, shelterbelt or hedgerow for wildlife habitat (PDF; 85 KB)
PLT15 - Pollinator and/or beneficial insect habitat (PDF; 121 KB)
PLT16 - Intensive rotational grazing (PDF; 91 KB)
PLT18 - Increasing farm food production edible woody buffer (PDF; 517 KB)
PLT19 - Herbicide resistant weed management (PDF; 141 KB)
PLT20 - High residue cover crops mixtures high residue cover crops (PDF; 444 KB)
PLT21 - Forest stand improvement pretreating vegetation and fuels (PDF; 155 KB)

Soil Erosion Enhancements:

SOE05 - Intensive no-till (ORGANIC or Non-organic systems) (PDF; 152 KB)

Soil Quality Enhancements:

SQL01 - Controlled traffic system (PDF; 186 KB)
SQL04 - Use of cover crop mixes (PDF; 144 KB)
SQL05 - Use of deep rooted crops to break up soil compaction (PDF; 121 KB)
SQL08 - Intercropping to improve soil quality and increase biodiversity (PDF; 87 KB)
SQL09 - Conversion of cropland to grass-based agriculture(PDF; 132 KB)
SQL10 - Crop management system where crop land acres (PDF: 166 KB)
SQL11 - Cover crop orchards vineyards other wood perennial (PDF; 165 KB)
SQL12 - Intensive cover cropping annual crops (PDF; 261 KB)

Water Quality Enhancements:

WQL01 - Biological suppression and other non-chemical techniques to manage brush,
                herbaceous weeds and invasive species (PDF; 105 KB)
WQL03 - Rotation of supplement and feeding areas (PDF; 98 KB)
WQL04 - Plant tissue tests and analysis to improve nitrogen management (PDF; 107 KB)
WQL05 - Apply nutrients no more than 30 days prior to planned planting date (PDF; 78 KB)
WQL07 - Split nitrogen applications, 50% after the crop emergence or pasture green up (PDF; 90 KB)
WQL09 - Apply phosphorus fertilizer below soil surface (PDF; 104 KB)
WQL10 - Plant a cover crop that will scavenge residual nitrogen (PDF; 115 KB)
WQL11 - Precision application technology to apply nutrients (PDF; 200 KB)
WQL13 - High level integrated pest management to reduce pesticide environmental risk (PDF; 120 KB)
WQL14 - Land application of treated manure (PDF; 76 KB)
WQL17 - Use of non-chemical methods to kill cover crops (PDF; 74 KB)
WQL18 - Non-chemical pest management for livestock (PDF; 85 KB)
WQL19 - Transition to ORGANIC grazing systems (PDF; 85 KB)
WQL20 - Transition to ORGANIC cropping systems (PDF; 102 KB)
WQL21 - Integrated pest management for ORGANIC farming (PDF; 110 KB)
WQL22 - On-farm composting of farm organic waste (PDF; 128 KB)
WQL24 - Apply enhanced efficiency fertilizer products (PDF; 94 KB)
WQL25 - Split applications of nitrogen based on a PSNT (PDF; 119 KB)
WQL26 - Reduce the concentration of nutrients imported on farm (PDF; 79 KB)

Water Quantity Enhancements:

WQT01 - Irrigation system automation (PDF; 60 KB)
WQT03 - Irrigation pumping plant evaluation (PDF; 75 KB)
WQT05 - Remote monitoring and notification of irrigation pumping plant operation (PDF; 76 KB)
WQT07 - Regional weather network (PDF; 145 KB)
WQT08 - Decrease irrigation water quantity or conversion to non-irrigated crop
               production (PDF; 101 KB)

Enhancement Bundles:

BCR06 - Improves nutrient and pesticide application techniques and widen buffers (PDF; 54 KB)
BCR09 - Addresses orchard and vineyard resource concerns (PDF; 232 KB)

BFO07 - Improves wildlife habitat in conifer or mixed forests (PDF; 128 KB)
BFO08 - Improves wildlife habitat in hardwood or mixed forests (PDF; 128 KB)

BPA07 - Improves forage utilization (PDF; 78 KB)
BPA09 - Addresses multiple resource concerns  (PDF; 76 KB)

BRA08 - Addresses multiple resource concerns (PDF; 58 KB)
BRA09 - Addresses multiple resource concerns (PDF; 58 KB)

Special Project Enhancements:

FPP02 - On-Farm Pilot Projects (PDF; 99 KB)
FRD01 - On-Farm Research and Demonstrations (PDF; 122 KB)

Idaho CSP Contact:

Rob Fredericksen, CSP Program Leader
Phone: (208) 685-6993