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Butterfly Nectar Sources Weedy, Non-Native, Naturalized Plants

The plants listed below are weedy; they will establish and spread excessively on their own. Some are typical
of roadsides and others are unwanted trespassers in lawns or formal gardens. Still others are intentionally
planted and often become undesirably dominant in small gardens. None of the plant species below are native
to Connecticut; all have been introduced from elsewhere and naturalized in the State. All have been reported
to be used by butterflies in Connecticut or elsewhere.

These plants may be encouraged in disturbed, open areas or in non-formal gardens. They also may be left to
flourish in waste places outlying a more formal garden.

Never encourage these naturalized species in or around natural areas because even though they are
"naturalized" (capable of establishing, reproducing, and spreading on their own) in Connecticut, they are not
actually native to the State. Non-native, naturalized species often are good competitors for growing space, but
they do not necessarily interact the same way native plants do in an ecosystem and they may cause harm.

Common Name Scientific Name
Bee-balm, Oswego Tea Monarda didyma
Beggar�s Ticks Bidens spp. (some are native)
Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima aka R. serotina
Blanketflower (= Gaillardia ) Gaillardia
  G. aristata
  G. pulchella
Chicory Cichorium intybus
Clovers Trifolium spp. (some Clovers are native)
Tickseeds Coreopsis spp.
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale
Forget-me-nots; e.g.,
Do NOT plant or encourage the invasive M. scorpioides Forget-me-not
Ox-eye Daisy Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
Queen Anne's Lace Daucus carota
Red Clover Trifolium pratense
Showy Coneflower Rudbeckia fulgida var. speciosa
Do NOT plant or encourage the invasive Canada Thistle (Cirsium canadensis)
Cirsium spp.
White Sweet Clover Melilotus alba
Yarrow Achillea spp