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Animal Feeding Operations (AFO-CAFO)


There are five regional EQIP AFO-CAFO fund pools in California. The conservation goals and priorities for these fund pools are to minimize impacts to water quality, improve irrigation efficiency and promote energy conservation on dairies, confined animal operations and associated cropland and/or pastureland.

The following sections include the applicable land uses, resource concerns, and conservation practices for the regional cropland fund pools.  A list of servicing offices for each fund pool is provided below.

Land Uses

The descriptions below are the general NRCS land use definitions - applications should fit within, but do not need to exactly match, these descriptions. Below are the applicable land uses for the AFO-CAFO fund pools.

  • Crop: Land used primarily for the production and harvest of annual or perennial field, forage, food, fiber, horticultural, orchard, vineyard, or energy crops.
  • Pasture: Land composed of introduced or domesticated native forage species that is used primarily for the production of livestock. Pastures receive periodic renovation and cultural treatments, such as tillage, fertilization, mowing, weed control, and may be irrigated. Pastures are not in rotation with crops.
  • Range: Land used primarily for the production of grazing animals. Includes native plant communities and those seeded to native or introduced species, or naturalized by introduced species that are ecologically managed using range management principles.
  • Farmstead: Land used for facilities and supporting infrastructure where farming, forestry, animal husbandry, and ranching activities are often initiated. This may include dwellings, equipment storage, plus farm input and output storage and handling facilities.
  • Associated Agricultural Lands: Land associated with farms and ranches that are not purposefully managed for food, forage, or fiber and are typically associated with nearby production or conservation lands. This could include incidental areas, such as odd areas, ditches and watercourses, riparian areas, field edges, seasonal and permanent wetlands, and other similar areas.
  • Grazed: Where grazing animals impact how land is managed.
  • Irrigated: Where an operational irrigation system is present and managed to supply irrigation water.

Resource Concerns

The goal of conservation planning is to help each client attain sustainable use and sound management of soil, water, air, plant, animal, and energy resources, based on related human considerations (SWAPAE+H).  Below is a list of priority resource concerns for the AFO-CAFO fund pools.

Resource Concern Category
Resource Concern
Concentrated Erosion
Classic gully erosion
Ephemeral gully erosion
Soil Quality Limitation
Aggregate instability
Concentration of salts or other chemicals
Organic matter depletion
Soil organism habitat loss or degradation
Wind and Water Erosion
Sheet and rill erosion
Wind erosion
Field, Sediment, Nutrient, and Pathogen Loss
Nutrients transported to groundwater
Nutrients transported to surface water
Pathogens and chemicals from manure biosolids, or compost applications transported to groundwater
Pathogens and chemicals from manure biosolids, or compost applications transported to surface water
Sediment transported to surface water
Field Pesticide Loss
Pesticides transported to groundwater
Pesticides transported to surface water
Salt Losses to Water Salts transported to groundwater
Salts transported to surface water
Source Water Depletion
Groundwater depletion
Inefficient irrigation water use
Surface water depletion
Storage and Handling of Pollutants
Nutrients transported to groundwater
Nutrients transported to surface water
Petroleum, heavy metals, and other pollutants transported to groundwater
Petroleum, heavy metals, and other pollutants transported to surface water
Weather Resilience
Ponding and Flooding
Air Quality Emissions
Emissions of airborne reactive nitrogen
Emissions of greenhouse gases - GHGs
Emissions of ozone precursors
Emissions of particulate matter (PM) and PM precursors
Objectionable odor
Degraded Plant Condition
Plant productivity and health
Plant structure and composition
Plant Pressure
Plant pest pressure
Aquatic Habitat
Aquatic habitat for fish and other organisms
Elevated water temperature
Livestock Production Limitation
Inadequate livestock water quantity, quality, and distribution
Terrestrial Habitat
Terrestrial habitat for wildlife and invertebrates
Inefficient Energy Use
Energy efficiency equipment and facilities
Energy efficiency farming/ranching practices and field operations

Conservation Practices

NRCS conservation practices eligible for financial assistance through regional AFO-CAFO ranking pools are listed in the below table. For more information about NRCS conservation practices visit the following website link:

Practice Code Practice Name Units Lifespan
309 Agrichemical Handling Facility no 15
313 Waste Storage Facility no 15
314 Brush Management ac 10
315 Herbaceous Weed Treatment ac 5
316 Animal Mortality Facility no 15
317 Composting Facility no 15
319 On-Farm Secondary Containment Facility no 15
320 Irrigation Canal or Lateral ft 15
324 Deep Tillage ac 1
327 Conservation Cover ac 5
328 Conservation Crop Rotation ac 1
329 Residue and Tillage Management, No Till ac 1
330 Contour Farming ac 5
332 Contour Buffer Strips ac 5
340 Cover Crop ac 1
342 Critical Area Planting ac 10
345 Residue and Tillage Management, Reduced Till ac 1
348 Dam, Diversion no 15
350 Sediment Basin no 20
351 Well Decommissioning no 20
356 Dike ft 20
359 Waste Treatment Lagoon no 15
360 Waste Facility Closure no 15
362 Diversion ft 10
366 Anaerobic Digester no 25
367 Roofs and Covers1 no 10
374 Farmstead Energy Improvement no 10
375 Dust Control from Animal Activity on Open Lot Surfaces ac 1
378 Pond no 20
380 Windbreak-Shelterbelt Establishment ft 15
381 Silvopasture ac 15
382 Fence ft 20
386 Field Border ac 10
388 Irrigation Field Ditch ft 15
390 Riparian Herbaceous Cover ac 5
391 Riparian Forest Buffer ac 15
393 Filter Strip ac 10
394 Firebreak ft 5
410 Grade Stabilization Structure no 15
412 Grassed Waterway ac 10
422 Hedgerow Planting ft 15
428 Irrigation Ditch Lining ft 20
430 Irrigation Pipeline ft 20
436 Irrigation Reservoir ac-ft 15
441 Irrigation System, Microirrigation ac 15
442 Sprinkler System ac 15
443 Irrigation System, Surface and Subsurface ac 15
447 Irrigation and Drainage Tailwater Recovery2 no 15
449 Irrigation Water Management ac 1
450 Anionic Polyacrylamide PAM Application ac 1
460 Land Clearing ac 15
462 Precision Land Forming ac 10
464 Irrigation Land Leveling ac 15
466 Land Smoothing ac 10
468 Lined Waterway or Outlet sf 15
472 Access Control ac 10
482 Mole Drain ft 3
484 Mulching ac 1
490 Tree/Shrub Site Preparation ac 1
500 Obstruction Removal ac 10
511 Forage Harvest Management ac 1
512 Pasture and Hay Planting ac 5
516 Livestock Pipeline ft 20
520 Pond Sealing or Lining, Compacted Soil Treatment sf 15
521 Pond Sealing or Lining, Geomembrane or Geosynthetic Clay Liner sf 20
528 Prescribed Grazing ac 1
533 Pumping Plant no 15
548 Grazing Land Mechanical Treatment ac 1
550 Range Planting ac 5
554 Drainage Water Management ac 1
558 Roof Runoff Structure no 15
560 Access Road ft 10
561 Heavy Use Area Protection sf 10
570 Stormwater Runoff Control ac 1
572 Spoil Disposal ac 1
574 Spring Development no 20
575 Trails and Walkways ft 10
578 Stream Crossing no 10
580 Streambank and Shoreline Protection ft 20
582 Open Channel ft 15
584 Channel Bed Stabilization ft 10
585 Stripcropping ac 5
587 Structure for Water Control no 20
590 Nutrient Management ac 1
591 Amendments for Treatment of Agricultural Waste au 1
592 Feed Management au 1
600 Terrace ft 10
601 Vegetative Barrier ft 5
603 Herbaceous Wind Barriers ft 5
605 Denitrifying Bioreactor no 10
606 Subsurface Drain ft 20
607 Surface Drain, Field Ditch ft 15
608 Surface Drain, Main or Lateral ft 15
610 Salinity and Sodic Soil Management ac 1
612 Tree/Shrub Establishment ac 15
614 Watering Facility no 20
620 Underground Outlet ft 20
629 Waste Treatment no 10
632 Waste Separation Facility no 15
634 Waste Transfer no 15
635 Vegetated Treatment Area ac 10
636 Water Harvesting Catchment no 20
638 Water and Sediment Control Basin no 10
642 Water Well no 20
650 Windbreak-Shelterbelt Renovation ft 15
654 Road/Trail/Landing Closure and Treatment ft 10
660 Tree/Shrub Pruning ac 10
666 Forest Stand Improvement ac 10
670 Energy Efficient Lighting System no 10
672 Energy Efficient Building Envelope no 10
735 Waste Gasification Facility no 20
740 Pond Sealing or Lining, Soil Cement3 no 20
910 TA Planning no 1
911 TA Design no 1
912 TA Application no 1
913 TA Check-Out no 1

1Conservation practice, 367 – Roofs and Covers, is offered as a supporting practice for 366 – Anaerobic Digester only and no other instances of the practice is eligible for financial assistance in this EQIP fund pool.

2Conservation practice, 447 – Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery, is an irrigation tailwater recovery system and practice payment rates will be based on eligible conservation practices included in the system.

3Conservation Practice 740 – Pond Sealing and Lining, Soil Cement is to be is offered to operations with irrigated cropland and should only be used for the storage of clean water.

Regional AFO-CAFO Fund Pools

Fund Pool
Servicing Offices
Fund Pool
Servicing Offices
Capitola LPO
Concord Service Center
Del Norte LPO
Eureka Service Center
Half Moon Bay LPO
Hollister Service Center
Lakeport LPO
Livermore LPO
Napa Service Center
Petaluma Service Center
Salinas Service Center
Santa Maria Service Center
Templeton Service Center
Ukiah Service Center
Weaverville Service Center
Yreka Service Center
San Joaquin Valley
Bakersfield Service Center
Fresno Service Center
Hanford Service Center
Madera Service Center
Merced Service Center
Visalia Service Center
Southern California
Bishop Service Center
Blythe Service Center
Escondido Service Center
Imperial Service Center
Indio Service Center
Lancaster Service Center
Minden Service Center (NV)
Oxnard Service Center
Redlands Service Center
San Jacinto LPO
Victorville Service Center
Sacramento Valley
Auburn Service Center
Colusa Service Center
Elk Grove Service Center
McArthur LPO
Oroville Service Center
Red Bluff Service Center
Redding Service Center
Tulelake Project Office
Willows Service Center
Woodland Service Center
Yuba City Service Center
Upper San Joaquin
Modesto Service Center Stockton Service Center
Vacaville Service Center

Interested Applicants

For more information about EQIP, how to apply and program eligibility, interested applicants should contact a NRCS field office in the county which you own land or where you have an agricultural operation. 

Visit to find the NRCS representative for your county.