Skip Navigation

Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program

With the enactment of the Agricultural Act (February 7, 2014) funding provided for the Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) in FY-2014 is no longer available for obligations. WHIP is not reauthorized.

NRCS will honor and continue to support fiscal year 2014 WHIP program contracts using the rules and policy that was in effect at the time of contract obligations.

Portions of the WHIP Statute were rolled into the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). Anyone still interested in applying for wildlife projects in programs should go to the EQIP web page.


The Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) was a voluntary program for conservation-minded landowners who wanted to develop and improve wildlife habitat on agricultural land, nonindustrial private forest land, and Indian land.

Program Description

The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 reauthorized WHIP as a voluntary approach to improve wildlife habitat in our Nation. The Natural Resources Conservation Service administered WHIP to provide both technical assistance and up to 75 percent cost-share assistance to establish and improve fish and wildlife habitat. WHIP cost-share agreements between NRCS and the participant generally lasted from one year after the last conservation practice was implemented but not more than 10 years from the date the agreement was signed.

Working Land for Wildlife

Working Lands for Wildlife was a new partnership between NRCS and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) to combat the decline of seven specific wildlife species whose decline could be reversed and benefited other species with similar habitat needs.

WHIP Priorities for Fiscal Year 2012

NRCS established the following national priorities for WHIP FY2012:

  • Promoted the restoration of declining or important native fish and wildlife habitats
  • Protected, restored, developed or enhanced fish and wildlife habitat to benefit at-risk species
  • Reduced the impacts of invasive species on fish and wildlife habitats; and
  • Protected, restored, developed or enhanced declining or important aquatic wildlife species' habitats
  • Protected, restored, developed or enhanced important migration and other movement corridors for wildlife

Former WHIP Documents

The following documents require Adobe Acrobat Reader

2011 Farm Bill WHIP Fact Sheet (PDF, 73KB)

The following document requires Adobe Acrobat Reader

2011 Farm Bill WHIP Fact Sheet (PDF, 73KB)