WASHINGTON, Oct. 1, 2020 – The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has named 379 priority watersheds to help agricultural producers improve water quality across the country. Ninety-five of the watersheds are in Arkansas.
Producers in these targeted watersheds will receive focused financial and technical resources through USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service’s (NRCS) successful landscape-level water-quality efforts, the Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative (MRBI) and National Water Quality Initiative (NWQI).
“We see a positive impact – both here in Arkansas and across the country – when we partner with producers to deliver conservation practices to critical watersheds,” said Mike Sullivan, NRCS state conservationist in Arkansas. “These focused partnerships allow us to maximize the delivery of our conservation efforts and achieve greater improvements to water quality, which benefits the participating producers, the public, and our nation’s natural resources.”
NRCS launched MRBI in 2009, focusing on watersheds in the Mississippi River Basin to advance the efforts of the Hypoxia Task Force by supporting each member-state’s nutrient reduction strategy. The Hypoxia Task Force includes federal, tribal, and state agencies in the Mississippi River Basin working to reduce hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico. Since then, Arkansas has had 35 MRBI and eight MRBI Wetlands Reserved Enhancement Program watershed project areas.
NWQI was initiated in 2012 to address agricultural contributions to surface waters impaired by nutrients, sediment, and pathogens. Since then, priority watersheds across the country have seen improvements, including the delisting of once impaired streams. Arkansas has had five NWQI watershed projects to date.
The technical and financial assistance from NRCS assists farmers and ranchers with implementing practices that avoid, control, and trap nutrients and sediment, which can negatively impact water quality. Practices include filter strips, cover crops, and manure management, which promote soil health, reduce erosion, and lesson nutrient runoff.
NRCS strengthened its focus on watershed assessment and partner engagement in priority small watersheds since 2019. Partners are encouraged to collaborate with NRCS beginning in FY21 to identify potential planning phase watersheds for FY 2022. See the NRCS website for a list of the watersheds for MRBI and for NWQI.
Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative
This year, all MRBI-eligible states will have at least one project, with a total of 204 watersheds receiving financial assistance for practice implementation and an additional 72 watersheds in the planning stage. In Arkansas, this includes 39 watersheds receiving financial assistance and 31 watersheds in the planning stage.
MRBI supports each state’s nutrient loss reduction strategy with overall goals of improving water quality, restoring wetlands, and enhancing wildlife habitat while ensuring economic viability of agricultural lands along the nation’s largest river. The nation’s largest hypoxic zone, or low-oxygen area, is located at the mouth of the Mississippi River on the Gulf Coast.
Since its launch, MRBI has:
Helped producers implement conservation on nearly 1.5 million acres
Reduced sediment loss by 2 million tons
Reduced phosphorous loss by 3 million pounds
Reduced nitrogen loss by 16 million pounds.
National Water Quality Initiative
NRCS has also designated watersheds within NWQI. NWQI is a partnership among NRCS, state water-quality agencies and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to identify and address impaired surface water bodies through voluntary conservation. Through NWQI, NRCS provides targeted funding for financial and technical assistance to help farmers apply conservation practices to protect water resources. NWQI includes protection for both surface and ground sources of drinking water.
A total of 175 watersheds – including eight in Arkansas – will be receiving financial assistance for practice implementation to address impaired surface waters. Additionally, 209 watersheds – including 17 in Arkansas – will be conducting watershed assessments.
Water quality is improving in NWQI watersheds. State water-quality agency partners report that 27% of NWQI monitoring watersheds show an improvement in water quality in at least one of the NWQI-monitored pollutants (based on 2016 data). Further, 81% of these improvements can be attributed to or associated with agricultural conservation practices implemented by farmers and ranchers.
Since its launch, NWQI has:
Helped producers implement conservation on over 960,000 acres
Reduced sediment loss by almost 1 million tons
Reduced phosphorous loss by 2.5 million pounds
Reduced nitrogen loss by 11 million pounds
Participating in MRBI and NWQI
NRCS accepts applications for conservation programs year-round, but applications are ranked and funded by enrollment periods that are set locally. Producers interested in technical and financial assistance should contact their local NRCS field office.