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Alternating strips of alfalfa with corn on the contour in Iowa

Iowa Cropland

It is our role to provide national leadership and technical assistance for the conservation of our natural resources to ensure the continued production of food and fiber.

Agriculture is the key to America's economic foundation. It adds about $26.2 billion to Iowa’s economy from food, fuel, fiber, feed and forestry products. 

Cropland includes areas used for the production of adapted crops for harvest. Two subcategories of cropland are recognized:

  • Cultivated cropland comprises land in row crops or close-grown crops and also other cultivated cropland, for example, hay land or pastureland that is in a rotation with row or close-grown crops.
  • Non-cultivated cropland includes permanent hay land and horticultural cropland.
Iowa Farmer crimps cereal rye cover crop

Iowa has 30.6 million acres of cropland distributed over more than 85,000 farms.

Major Natural Resource Concerns for Cropland

Erosion by wind and water
Maintaining and enhancing soil health
Water quality from nutrient and pesticides runoff
Managing the quantity of water available for irrigation

Find Your Local Service Center

USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, or Rural Development employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to find your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit