NRCS Conservation Programs

Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)

The Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP) promotes coordination between NRCS and its partners to deliver conservation assistance to producers and landowners. NRCS provides assistance to producers through partnership agreements and through program contracts or easement agreements.

RCPP combines the authorities of four former conservation programs the Agricultural Water Enhancement Program, the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Program, the Cooperative Conservation Partnership Initiative and the Great Lakes Basin Program. Assistance is delivered in accordance with the rules of EQIP, CSP, ACEP and HFRP; and in certain areas the Watershed Operations and Flood Prevention Program.

To learn more see RCPP

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Contracts: Contract Data |Maps
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to:
Cropland Soil Quality | Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability | Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) | Fish & Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation | Grazing Land Conservation | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality| Wetlands
Civil Rights Report | RCPP CSP Enhancement Summary -- To learn more see CSP Enhancements and Bundles


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for implementing conservation practices, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be used to provide Technical or Financial Assistance, but are received from sources other than NRCS. They can also be transfers from or agreements with other Federal agencies.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
RCPP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alabama $81.2
$99.4
$26.1
$370.4
$1,064.8
$499.6
Alaska $7.1
$2,705.8
$54.1
$-45.5
$1,399.2
$89.1
Arizona $12.2
$211.0
$1,010.1
$-213.5
$1,575.4
$1,507.4
Arkansas $14.7
$529.7
$4,474.2
$1,344.8
$216.2
$123.5
California $30.5
$2,782.8
$545.9
$5,700.1
$4,178.4
$5,725.8
Caribbean $6.0
$103.7
$18.2
$17.9
$116.5
$19.1
Colorado $17.1
$18.8
$863.1
$1,370.1
$5,199.6
$82.7
Connecticut $6.3
$510.5
$3,968.0
$1,158.5
$311.8
$89.6
Delaware $4.5
$81.8
$619.1
$746.3
$994.8
$278.5
Florida $14.8
$13.5
$544.1
$517.6
$6,378.1
$467.4
Georgia $13.4
$539.0
$142.3
$925.2
$233.4
$7,546.8
Hawaii/Pacific $12.2
$15.4
$8.3
$541.4
$869.9
$194.3
Idaho $17.6
$50.0
$96.6
$205.8
$396.2
$196.6
Illinois $20.2
$476.3
$69.6
$47.3
$453.4
$338.9
Indiana $17.6
$389.2
$154.5
$249.4
$701.6
$77.7
Iowa $21.2
$593.8
$2,313.5
$2,076.8
$486.3
$861.8
Kansas $18.9
$2,409.1
$495.3
$1,665.9
$1,064.9
$606.9
Kentucky $17.6
$123.2
$223.3
$101.2
$1,045.4
$493.3
Louisiana $20.0
$240.4
$1,085.2
$103.3
$502.5
$116.5
Maine $7.7
$44.4
$771.2
$4.5
$1,004.6
$301.7
Maryland $7.1
$1,440.8
$2,682.9
$1,421.3
$662.3
$919.2
Massachusetts $8.8
$92.5
$289.2
$87.8
$356.1
$17.7
Michigan $13.9
$1,341.1
$1,928.5
$4,519.2
$7,937.3
$2,511.8
Minnesota $13.7
$315.1
$7,126.9
$465.2
$1,015.1
$1,770.6
Mississippi $16.9
$136.1
$566.4
$315.9
$148.2
$121.5
Missouri $22.7
$210.2
$906.7
$1,771.6
$2,094.5
$1,015.1
Montana $18.5
$57.4
$229.8
$107.7
$378.3
$85.6
Nebraska $24.0
$50.3
$174.0
$271.9
$2,028.0
$779.2
Nevada $6.4
$1,477.7
$106.7
$1,032.0
$43.4
$2,868.3
New Hampshire $5.9
$68.0
$592.6
$469.1
$317.1
$40.2
New Jersey $6.7
$427.3
$1,944.0
$1,130.0
$263.5
$248.8
New Mexico $9.5
$4,551.8
$1,772.8
$1,075.0
$3,508.7
$206.7
New York $11.7
$8.4
$2,727.7
$567.1
$1,000.1
$411.9
North Carolina $14.1
$11.3
$110.8
$953.3
$1,618.8
$2,672.5
North Dakota $14.3
$3,222.7
$1,084.0
$694.4
$100.2
$213.7
Ohio $11.0
$16.9
$1,122.7
$1,289.4
$309.8
$106.8
Oklahoma $19.4
$637.7
$52.7
$10.5
$20.4
$53.4
Oregon $18.3
$4,265.1
$3,709.3
$4,728.4
$5,568.4
$1,575.9
Pennsylvania $12.8
$3,607.9
$5,609.8
$3,946.5
$2,014.5
$562.0
Rhode Island $6.2
$115.4
$402.4
$452.6
$626.6
$90.5
South Carolina $8.0
$746.7
$341.8
$13.7
$11.6
$27.1
South Dakota $15.0
$366.6
$427.5
$1,411.9
$678.1
$76.7
Tennessee $14.5
$239.9
$97.3
$1,012.1
$1,121.4
$263.5
Texas $28.0
$33.5
$673.2
$324.7
$916.0
$737.3
Utah $16.0
$708.9
$19.0
$10.9
$1,182.3
$72.3
Vermont $7.7
$1,803.5
$582.7
$63.9
$541.7
$40.5
Virginia $13.7
$120.5
$1,565.2
$2,480.6
$1,920.0
$658.3
Washington $20.5
$4,197.8
$1,427.9
$1,051.7
$2,724.7
$874.5
West Virginia $7.7
$8.4
$1,264.5
$176.7
$240.0
$346.3
Wisconsin $8.9
$480.3
$521.0
$301.4
$959.9
$504.6
Wyoming $10.0
$254.2
$158.6
$117.2
$790.0
$3,551.7
Other $1,201.2
$1,016.0
$1,452.0
$3,190.6
$3,563.1
$5,460.9
Total $1,973.9
$43,968.3
$59,153.3
$52,351.7
$72,853.1
$48,502.3
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2014-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

RCPP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alabama $14.2
$75.4
$26.1
$370.4
$1,063.3
$226.0
Alaska $7.1
$2,705.8
$54.1
$-45.5
$1,399.2
$22.8
Arizona $12.2
$211.0
$760.9
$-657.2
$984.8
$371.3
Arkansas $14.7
$11.7
$820.8
$1,340.2
$216.2
$123.5
California $30.5
$2,249.7
$319.1
$4,668.3
$3,660.5
$348.6
Caribbean $6.0
$103.7
$18.2
$17.9
$116.5
$19.1
Colorado $17.1
$18.8
$863.1
$1,370.1
$575.2
$82.7
Connecticut $6.3
$510.5
$3,968.0
$1,158.5
$310.9
$87.8
Delaware $4.5
$81.8
$251.0
$228.4
$232.0
$149.6
Florida $14.8
$13.5
$544.1
$162.7
$218.9
$404.3
Georgia $13.4
$539.0
$142.3
$925.2
$233.4
$52.1
Hawaii/Pacific $12.2
$15.4
$8.3
$62.9
$167.3
$154.7
Idaho $17.6
$50.0
$96.6
$148.6
$108.4
$136.1
Illinois $20.2
$476.3
$54.4
$42.6
$374.6
$71.9
Indiana $17.6
$389.2
$154.5
$249.4
$701.6
$77.7
Iowa $21.2
$372.7
$1,009.6
$502.7
$69.2
$109.8
Kansas $18.9
$2,409.1
$127.1
$1,024.7
$585.3
$237.4
Kentucky $17.6
$123.2
$178.6
$101.2
$1,045.4
$191.1
Louisiana $20.0
$240.4
$300.5
$103.3
$502.0
$116.5
Maine $7.7
$44.4
$771.2
$4.5
$1,004.6
$301.7
Maryland $7.1
$806.0
$1,220.1
$381.3
$190.3
$466.5
Massachusetts $8.8
$92.5
$289.2
$87.8
$356.1
$17.7
Michigan $13.9
$1,341.1
$51.7
$1,471.9
$1,220.2
$585.0
Minnesota $13.7
$156.6
$6,957.9
$118.0
$159.1
$938.1
Mississippi $16.9
$136.1
$97.9
$53.6
$144.0
$103.9
Missouri $22.7
$23.3
$176.7
$256.4
$115.4
$743.4
Montana $18.5
$57.4
$229.8
$107.7
$378.3
$44.4
Nebraska $24.0
$50.3
$41.0
$42.7
$76.4
$312.7
Nevada $6.4
$1,477.7
$106.7
$9.2
$43.4
$133.1
New Hampshire $5.9
$68.0
$592.6
$169.1
$317.1
$40.2
New Jersey $6.7
$96.2
$246.1
$184.9
$247.0
$144.0
New Mexico $9.5
$921.8
$861.5
$812.6
$1,507.1
$204.5
New York $11.7
$8.4
$2,727.7
$522.9
$129.9
$167.5
North Carolina $14.1
$11.3
$110.8
$953.3
$451.4
$662.8
North Dakota $14.3
$3,222.7
$1,084.0
$694.4
$100.2
$213.7
Ohio $11.0
$16.9
$1,122.7
$1,153.4
$309.8
$106.8
Oklahoma $19.4
$637.3
$52.7
$10.5
$20.4
$53.4
Oregon $18.3
$3,328.1
$1,899.0
$1,163.0
$2,366.6
$516.1
Pennsylvania $12.8
$2,735.4
$315.8
$274.7
$827.1
$285.9
Rhode Island $6.2
$115.4
$402.4
$452.6
$619.5
$82.6
South Carolina $8.0
$746.7
$341.8
$13.7
$11.6
$27.1
South Dakota $15.0
$366.6
$427.5
$211.2
$229.9
$68.2
Tennessee $14.5
$239.9
$97.3
$25.5
$706.5
$134.4
Texas $28.0
$33.5
$113.2
$41.0
$223.7
$126.7
Utah $16.0
$708.9
$19.0
$10.9
$1,182.3
$72.3
Vermont $7.7
$1,803.5
$582.7
$63.9
$499.3
$40.5
Virginia $13.7
$120.5
$336.4
$432.0
$304.5
$419.5
Washington $20.5
$4,193.1
$675.7
$937.8
$221.6
$117.8
West Virginia $7.7
$8.4
$1,196.6
$26.5
$71.8
$184.7
Wisconsin $8.9
$384.6
$190.5
$8.5
$628.5
$23.1
Wyoming $10.0
$254.2
$158.6
$117.2
$158.2
$62.7
Other $1,201.2
$1,016.0
$1,452.0
$3,190.6
$3,563.1
$5,460.9
Total $1,906.9
$35,820.2
$34,646.1
$25,777.9
$30,949.6
$15,844.9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2014-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

RCPP Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alabama



$1.5
$273.6
Alaska




$66.3
Arizona

$249.2
$443.6
$590.6
$1,136.1
Arkansas
$518.1
$3,653.4
$4.6


California
$533.1
$226.7
$1,031.8
$517.9
$5,377.2
Colorado



$4,624.4

Connecticut



$0.9
$1.8
Delaware

$368.1
$517.9
$762.8
$128.9
Florida


$354.8
$6,159.2
$63.1
Georgia




$7,494.7
Hawaii/Pacific


$478.4
$702.6
$39.6
Idaho


$57.1
$287.8
$60.5
Illinois

$15.2
$4.7
$78.8
$267.0
Iowa
$221.1
$1,303.9
$1,574.0
$417.1
$752.0
Kansas

$368.2
$641.2
$479.6
$369.5
Kentucky

$44.7


$302.2
Louisiana

$784.7

$0.5

Maryland
$634.9
$1,462.8
$1,039.9
$472.0
$452.7
Michigan

$1,876.9
$3,047.3
$6,717.1
$1,926.8
Minnesota
$158.6
$168.9
$347.2
$856.0
$832.5
Mississippi

$468.4
$262.3
$4.2
$17.6
Missouri
$186.9
$730.0
$1,515.3
$1,979.1
$271.7
Montana




$41.2
Nebraska

$132.9
$229.1
$1,951.6
$466.5
Nevada


$1,022.8

$2,735.2
New Hampshire


$300.0


New Jersey
$331.1
$1,697.9
$945.1
$16.5
$104.8
New Mexico
$3,630.1
$911.3
$262.4
$2,001.6
$2.2
New York


$44.2
$870.2
$244.4
North Carolina



$1,167.4
$2,009.7
Ohio


$136.0


Oklahoma
$0.4




Oregon
$937.0
$1,810.4
$3,565.5
$3,201.8
$1,059.8
Pennsylvania
$872.5
$5,294.1
$3,671.7
$1,187.4
$276.1
Rhode Island



$7.1
$7.9
South Dakota


$1,200.6
$448.2
$8.5
Tennessee


$986.6
$414.9
$129.1
Texas

$560.0
$283.8
$692.3
$610.6
Vermont



$42.4

Virginia

$1,228.8
$2,048.6
$1,615.5
$238.8
Washington
$4.7
$752.2
$114.0
$2,503.1
$756.7
West Virginia

$67.9
$150.2
$168.2
$161.6
Wisconsin
$95.7
$330.5
$292.8
$331.4
$481.5
Wyoming



$631.8
$3,489.0
Total
$8,124.1
$24,507.1
$26,573.8
$41,903.5
$32,657.4
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2014-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI).
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

RCPP Reimbursable Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alabama $67.0
$24.0




Total $67.0
$24.0




Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2014-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Contracts

RCPP Federal assistance is delivered in accordance with the authorities of the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP), Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP), Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP), Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP), and in certain geographic areas, the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention program. NRCS and partners implement RCPP projects by working with agricultural producers and owners of agricultural and forest land.

NRCS provides RCPP assistance to project participants in accordance with the authorities and rules of the covered programs. Applicants identify the specific conservation activity and the appropriate covered program for delivery. For example, a watershed-scale drought mitigation project may be delivered through EQIP and CSP, allowing for implementation of on-farm irrigation improvements and enhancements. In this case, the applicant would estimate the financial assistance (FA) and technical assistance (TA) funds (EQIP) and acres to be treated (CSP) for each program to accomplish the project objective. In other cases, for example to achieve wildlife habitat and agricultural viability objectives, easements through ACEP may be the appropriate program authority, or in combination with EQIP and CSP.

RCPP Contract Data by State and Fiscal Year
State 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts
Alabama 10
854.0
26
2,846.1
21
3,158.1
88
24,220.0
12
1,437.9
Alaska







4
1,882.8
Arizona 1
5,375.0
12
53,584.4
14
83,199.7
17
66,274.0
18
212,397.2
Arkansas 6
953.0
90
23,987.6
70
70,631.8
92
42,733.3
57
52,277.3
California 1
44.4
103
43,349.9
72
38,477.8
39
48,845.5
45
18,643.9
Caribbean





2
177.5
1
65.0
Colorado 2
123.5
1
96.8
19
2,992.7
19
8,103.4
25
5,526.5
Connecticut

3
100.8
14
95.0
2
292.2


Delaware

25
5,697.5
66
14,776.0
22
574.8
4
559.0
Florida

13
18,048.3
19
14,218.2




Georgia

136
9,724.4


74
3,269.2
30
2,669.0
Hawaii/Pacific 1
101.6
1
252.1
3
3,449.1
3
397.0
1
1,100.0
Idaho

8
3,298.6
18
1,861.3
31
3,148.2
79
15,850.0
Illinois 30
2,827.7
60
5,235.0
66
6,813.5
90
15,914.2
136
53,687.0
Indiana 53
19,070.7
21
4,405.1
46
10,107.5
35
7,501.1
95
12,497.6
Iowa 9
1,082.9
56
6,779.7
161
25,358.2
234
33,017.0
137
22,754.0
Kansas

65
11,526.1
119
20,943.2
107
15,067.4
115
34,817.6
Kentucky

1
46.4
17
771.8
112
19,839.4
76
5,283.6
Louisiana

52
35,208.4
63
51,134.8
29
24,629.1
71
90,174.3
Maine

1
92.0
11
838.8
29
2,629.0
22
578.3
Maryland 8
1,658.4
27
6,859.1
31
4,762.4
36
3,322.3
53
12,038.8
Massachusetts

1
3.7
20
739.7
7
417.8
2
130.0
Michigan 5
8,049.4
54
22,105.9
96
31,421.0
74
24,803.6
96
19,622.8
Minnesota 10
295.9
70
12,016.9
107
16,613.3
84
14,920.2
130
16,236.9
Mississippi

42
5,545.2
129
14,882.1
20
10,104.1
10
17,578.5
Missouri 73
7,171.9
166
23,406.2
123
30,909.3
260
58,385.5
56
29,657.6
Montana 1
500.0
1
475.0
3
661.0
10
2,522.3
16
6,149.0
Nebraska 10
720.6
16
1,762.8
91
19,107.1
107
20,372.7
88
12,634.9
Nevada



3
1,231.7
1
636.6
4
3,182.5
New Hampshire 1
5,000.0
7
10,297.6
13
6,390.2
12
14,298.4
2
400.1
New Jersey 9
842.0
37
4,237.2
24
2,124.4
8
323.7
6
284.6
New Mexico 48
464,704.1
16
105,463.5
5
42,672.4
79
932,210.9
29
277,603.3
New York

30
1,497.8
11
1,160.6
64
5,457.7
52
1,084.1
North Carolina 2
75.0
2
125.0
29
6,605.0
17
1,792.2
37
3,310.4
North Dakota 39
26,665.1
15
15,073.2
6
16,097.1
6
420.2
20
14,482.4
Ohio 91
29,330.1
45
5,624.1
49
2,511.1
23
1,539.2
52
2,731.5
Oklahoma

12
2,402.0
10
3,201.4
27
4,795.2
10
1,854.2
Oregon 17
12,116.4
54
13,857.9
101
35,549.5
102
58,891.5
86
32,709.2
Pennsylvania 13
1,266.1
68
5,720.1
88
6,474.1
59
4,812.1
44
7,197.4
Rhode Island

16
560.5
3
132.0
8
275.9
13
333.1
South Carolina

3
5.0
26
928.3
23
786.4
6
472.7
South Dakota 2
165.5
6
773.3
25
4,339.7
67
48,113.5
49
64,753.4
Tennessee 5
893.0
18
2,902.9
43
4,670.6
11
1,349.9
43
9,860.5
Texas 7
1,232.2
36
7,902.0
94
36,317.5
139
36,725.3
59
75,251.7
Utah

4
2,551.2
3
23,640.9
2
812.8
5
28,079.4
Vermont 20
4,263.6
62
12,224.3
46
5,314.4
58
6,943.0
63
5,558.2
Virginia 108
14,014.5
93
7,507.9
139
6,473.8
49
2,128.4
36
8,116.9
Washington 1
1,000.0
19
20,230.7
51
18,271.7
44
18,445.6
34
37,396.5
West Virginia

11
669.8
23
945.1
25
603.3
30
472.2
Wisconsin 44
2,549.1
105
5,725.4
159
12,266.4
136
21,976.4
148
14,125.4
Wyoming

4
394.8
4
2,152.0
40
13,727.9
34
31,689.5
Total 627
612,945.7
1,714
522,200.2
2,354
707,393.3
2,623
1,628,546.8
2,241
1,267,198.7
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2013.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years since enactment of the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (Farm Bill) in 2009.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the RCPP contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
RCPP Practices
State 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alabama

821
25
1,572
44
3,117
94
8,124
280
Arizona

11,785
7
16,504
31
76,272
60
102,579
76
Arkansas

97
12
20,465
1,245
50,886
2,042
38,118
1,260
California

12,919
294
31,897
580
47,936
914
67,075
578
Colorado

34
1
125
2
1,058
17
5,966
75
Connecticut

24
2
63
26
210
73
637
70
Delaware

107
4
4,732
352
13,960
873
761
72
Florida

40
1
5,098
94
4,997
119
5,241
22
Georgia

3,180
96
5,419
330
4,461
208
4,104
303
Hawaii/Pacific



46
1
2,257
6
49,907
29
Idaho

418
18
4,260
169
7,410
175
6,336
258
Illinois 37
8
3,230
138
6,820
348
12,061
629
14,572
686
Indiana 2,948
74
13,295
452
14,948
492
20,534
675
17,857
631
Iowa 144
9
1,394
52
13,707
523
32,663
1,142
56,171
1,574
Kansas

1,575
18
13,972
285
19,377
398
21,393
362
Kentucky



135
15
727
118
4,814
310
Louisiana

3,070
98
15,678
652
33,508
1,208
25,359
912
Maine



92
8
4,514
21
88,870
84
Maryland

1,246
83
1,300
164
9,436
752
8,377
521
Massachusetts



505
8
1,123
54
1,449
121
Michigan

2,268
53
14,255
431
45,046
1,131
58,496
1,642
Minnesota

2,343
53
7,647
288
16,051
584
16,481
557
Mississippi

1,597
45
10,624
496
13,991
535
17,060
770
Missouri

10,875
458
31,410
995
27,167
862
54,442
1,797
Montana

754
33
242
12
658
20
4,608
62
Nebraska 28
5
1,179
71
12,550
177
30,399
441
45,778
637
Nevada





795
63
1,026
25
New Hampshire

10,186
8
5,521
18
10,685
26
13,159
88
New Jersey

810
104
4,467
366
5,499
418
5,463
336
New Mexico

243,617
139
130,956
82
267,193
139
420,692
229
New York

92
8
967
88
1,575
95
3,314
143
North Carolina



388
50
3,718
336
2,273
250
North Dakota 3,126
24
5,793
32
5,765
46
20,760
86
22,069
150
Ohio

5,633
276
11,944
702
12,600
800
9,080
687
Oklahoma

1,146
16
1,291
23
1,499
24
5,288
182
Oregon

31,397
31
79,870
126
136,702
459
153,724
775
Pennsylvania

887
87
30,792
379
26,212
715
40,605
719
Rhode Island

10
4
376
11
208
11
229
43
South Carolina

26
1
120
9
795
90
631
45
South Dakota

29
9
1,763
44
8,591
128
25,821
632
Tennessee

1,208
67
3,868
254
5,301
424
5,650
369
Texas

556
14
6,210
80
25,356
324
23,552
379
Utah



2,551
33
2,950
15
22,872
28
Vermont

1,043
52
2,692
127
4,924
341
5,911
455
Virginia 688
17
17,997
343
18,428
640
14,191
1,006
11,299
881
Washington

265
11
8,230
91
23,410
372
28,643
455
West Virginia



1,320
18
3,382
46
5,004
51
Wisconsin 58
4
3,701
166
9,013
487
20,311
792
12,744
687
Wyoming



425
27
1,055
5
29,375
122
Total 7,028
141
396,644
3,382
561,017
11,469
1,077,523
19,866
1,572,996
21,420
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Cropland Soil Health, Fish & Wildlife Habitat, Forest Land Conservation, Grazing Land Conservation, Irrigation Efficiency, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327

372
22
2,902
66
115
18
1,406
105
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327





109
8
1,176
48
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 28
5
1,752
99
5,596
186
9,091
323
7,399
246
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328



181
2
1,268
41
1,786
28
Cover Crop 340 6,123
111
33,693
1,019
80,376
2,659
151,116
4,979
187,319
5,313
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340





2,515
91
2,204
66
Critical Area Planting 342

615
13
2,820
44
4,267
76
2,461
51
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3





415
26
131
8
Diversion 362

59
2
165
2
824
17
16
2
Field Border 386

143
14
39
3
1
1
59
4
Field Border - Enhancements E386





67
1
162
2
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 177
7
296
11
1,219
76
1,125
68
1,616
72
Grade Stabilization Structure 410

36
1
1,912
28
1,778
37
979
19
Grassed Waterway 412

592
14
6,158
96
3,145
62
3,594
53
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595



140
2
8,052
167
9,650
212
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595



4,120
89
26,229
513
43,381
909
Irrigation Water Management 449

3,394
75
57,932
860
86,366
1,082
87,388
979
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449





2,194
57
3,884
60
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468

63
1
309
6
223
6
1,157
7
Mulching 484

509
16
3,927
64
3,460
66
1,948
57
Nutrient Management 590

8,592
255
57,124
1,313
63,211
1,948
54,724
1,703
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590



180
5
27,747
561
25,326
523
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345



3,570
72
14,233
228
14,446
274
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345





4,503
93
6,619
102
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329

1,388
56
5,509
201
17,206
512
25,818
645
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329





74
2


Riparian Forest Buffer 391



17
2
367
10
253
12
Row Arrangement 557





16
2


Stripcropping 585





16
1


Subsurface Drain 606

157
4
2,387
46
5,435
71
2,993
44
Terrace 600

217
6
9,028
120
8,118
113
5,482
67
Underground Outlet 620

742
22
9,188
151
10,987
165
7,856
113
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638

701
22
2,907
49
22,345
251
3,272
68
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380







385
9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) practices & enhancements are applied under the CSP component of RCPP starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 6,327
123
46,039
1,652
154,982
6,142
326,430
11,596
378,826
11,801
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability. This measure is intended as a step-wise measure to show progress towards implementing a Soil Health Management System (SHMS). A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Also at least two eligible conservation practices or an eligible Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) bundle must be applied during the fiscal year. Eligible conservation practices are those that indicate progress toward a SHMS and include: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till and Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles count as two eligible practices.

The following RCPP reports summarize where RCPP was responsible for funding all practices required to meet the performance measure. The performance measure, however, can be satisfied by the application of eligible practices under more than one program (e.g., RCPP and CSP). To see the overall contribution of RCPP-funded practices to fulfilling the requirements of the measure, please see the Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year, Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices table in the National Conservation Profile found in the National Reports page of the RCA Data Viewer. See National Conservation Profile report.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2014-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Crop Rotation 328

208
7
652
25
2,401
128
1,294
101
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328





772
30
1,324
12
Cover Crop 340

996
37
3,080
133
8,961
360
13,515
438
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340





603
33
946
22
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3





415
26
131
8
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345



1,163
36
1,363
40
2,362
74
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345





317
6
2,148
32
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329

729
28
2,386
98
9,419
264
10,290
274
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) practices & enhancements are applied under the CSP component of RCPP starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil health practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice

937
72
3,554
292
11,634
887
15,014
961
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS)

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland SHMS or cropland on which a system of practices to sustain or improve soil health was applied during the fiscal year. A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Three eligible core conservation practices must be in place. They are: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till or Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles fulfil the requirements of a Cropland SHMS.

The following RCPP reports summarize where RCPP was responsible for funding all practices required to meet the performance measure. The performance measure, however, can be satisfied by the application of eligible practices under more than one program (e.g., RCPP and CSP). To see the overall contribution of RCPP-funded practices to fulfilling the requirements of the measure, please see the Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year, Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices table in the National Conservation Profile found in the National Reports page of the RCA Data Viewer. See National Conservation Profile report.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2014-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Crop Rotation 328





25
4
129
1
Cover Crop 340





25
4
129
1
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329





49
8
129
1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland SHMS were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with SHMS practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Cropland SHMS Practices
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice





25
16
129
3
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish & Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish & wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish & wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472

287
7
1,485
47
3,264
107
7,869
96
Aquatic Organism Passage 396



635
5
6,127
14
190,724
27
Conservation Cover 327

3,014
32
4,330
85
1,305
57
5,670
205
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327





179
15
1,368
66
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3





419
27
131
8
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 13
1
6,006
61
16,549
140
74,754
276
89,124
241
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management - Enhancements E647







5,201
62
Hedgerow Planting 422





6
2
9
2
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643

8
4
800
3
888
23
7,305
53
Riparian Forest Buffer 391

61
10
222
15
765
35
709
31
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390



202
4
18
3
64
3
Shallow Water Development and Management 646



35,204
566
19,673
281
11,970
212
Shallow Water Development and Management - Enhancements E646





16,147
286
23,094
428
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395

21,613
9
11,430
28
7,179
34
44,657
40
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580

873
7
1,713
48
4,380
54
2,192
59
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645

1,178
10
1,233
6
4,121
19
8,817
37
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management - Enhancements E645





3,136
1
3,238
2
Wetland Restoration 657





42
2


Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644

12,048
282
42,563
750
58,282
1,076
39,461
612
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) practices & enhancements are applied under the CSP component of RCPP starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish & wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 13
1
26,693
422
91,734
1,697
137,846
2,312
202,515
2,184
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement; thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472

134
4
412
14
1,465
43
5,684
33
Brush Management 314

1,223
11
17,103
87
34,619
273
87,109
340
Brush Management - Enhancements E314





64
1


Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 13
1
5,936
55
14,038
94
71,455
221
87,400
192
Firebreak 394 145
1
3,018
23
4,587
31
5,253
65
3,922
36
Forest Stand Improvement 666

11,609
62
38,273
137
95,622
355
121,704
412
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666





664
20
19
1
Forest Trails and Landings 655

2,514
14
4,734
35
7,351
34
10,744
53
Fuel Break 383





169
1
2,987
11
Herbaceous Weed Control 315



16,076
61
24,883
228
76,589
204
Herbaceous Weed Control - Enhancements E315





18
1


Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595





20
1


Prescribed Burning 338

2,753
20
7,644
36
13,473
59
10,202
61
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643



785
1
626
11
4,749
27
Riparian Forest Buffer 391

6
2
26
2
105
7
231
8
Road/Trail/Landing Closure and Treatment 654



6,344
10
7,072
12
13,280
21
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395

20,985
4
10,839
4
5,428
4
38,336
10
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 224
3
4,320
51
19,528
149
17,342
119
33,530
103
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612







69
1
Tree/Shrub Pruning 660





10
1
928
8
Tree/Shrub Site Preparation 490 1,271
13
12,244
109
37,824
91
16,647
111
14,921
80
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645

1,172
9
1,064
5
3,148
4
7,813
6
Woody Residue Treatment 384

44
3
531
3
14,675
32
22,898
67
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) practices & enhancements are applied under the CSP component of RCPP starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Forest Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of forest and grazed forest land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Forest Land Conservation Practices
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 701
18
30,883
367
80,601
760
119,656
1,603
228,539
1,674
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Road 560



24
1
3
1
269
10
Animal Trails and Walkways 575

61
2
163
7
221
15
1,071
24
Brush Management 314

223,221
115
377,663
191
584,034
303
821,993
479
Brush Management - Enhancements E314





3,136
1
3,136
1
Channel Bed Stabilization 584



35
4
74
8
1,312
7
Critical Area Planting 342

109
5
237
11
1,969
28
846
27
Fence 382

12,874
59
17,129
228
58,896
368
156,610
480
Fence - Enhancements E382





3,136
1
3,378
3
Forage Harvest Management 511







402
3
Forage and Biomass Planting 512

1,259
27
2,109
61
3,882
135
3,291
141
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512





56
3
70
5
Heavy Use Area Protection 561

1,135
33
5,443
153
9,126
230
8,571
223
Herbaceous Weed Control 315

7,073
24
33,312
57
69,305
106
84,577
228
Herbaceous Weed Control - Enhancements E315





1,560
2
1,560
2
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595



361
5
361
5
552
8
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595







232
1
Livestock Pipeline 516

37,204
30
35,282
185
79,613
244
323,769
284
Livestock Shelter Structure 576







23
1
Nutrient Management 590

83
2
1,227
35
756
33
378
35
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590







232
1
Pond 378





480
12
261
5
Prescribed Burning 338

579
4
3,478
17
4,068
20
9,273
55
Prescribed Grazing 528

256
1
1,678
36
14,243
152
28,120
454
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528





8,575
48
40,518
204
Pumping Plant 533

42,431
9
12,790
30
62,491
69
107,921
58
Range Planting 550



7,297
14
16,263
12
67,302
15
Silvopasture Establishment 381





207
1
43
3
Spring Development 574







16,814
6
Stream Crossing 578







518
17
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580

873
7
1,283
25
3,831
28
1,327
30
Water Well 642

1,859
7
8,655
25
7,736
55
46,865
44
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638

3
1
30
2
7
1
263
5
Watering Facility 614

48,474
57
70,912
230
82,831
333
683,673
357
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380







566
3
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) practices & enhancements are applied under the CSP component of RCPP starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Grazing Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of grazing land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Grazing Land Conservation Practices
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice

255,785
383
237,632
1,317
488,359
2,214
755,210
3,219
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Irrigation Canal or Lateral 320







453
2
Irrigation Land Leveling 464

115
3
1,214
29
5,376
63
2,471
38
Irrigation Pipeline 430

4,169
21
2,717
54
5,122
129
12,211
207
Irrigation Reservoir 436

433
7
1,015
15
112
5
14
1
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441

80
9
648
24
570
13
829
53
Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442

3,878
52
3,901
56
3,265
65
5,406
98
Irrigation System, Surface and Subsurface 443

917
25
2,687
78
1,929
46
243
14
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447





25
1


Irrigation Water Management 449

3,394
75
57,973
862
86,625
1,090
87,527
981
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449





2,194
57
3,884
60
Pumping Plant 533

968
12
5,218
68
2,719
39
9,461
104
Structure for Water Control 587

3,336
60
7,933
116
27,801
247
32,176
338
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) practices & enhancements are applied under the CSP component of RCPP starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Irrigation Efficiency were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated to improve irrigation efficiency by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Irrigation Efficiency Practices
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice

12,700
264
57,252
1,302
97,810
1,755
108,161
1,896
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472

287
7
1,485
47
3,264
107
7,869
96
Access Road 560

28
3
18,282
20
16,249
38


Agrichemical Handling Facility 309







4
1
Animal Mortality Facility 316



161
9
509
22
453
20
Brush Management 314







909,948
914
Brush Management - Enhancements E314







3,136
1
Conservation Cover 327

3,014
32
4,330
85
1,305
57
5,670
205
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327





179
15
1,368
66
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 28
5
1,752
99
5,596
186
9,091
323
7,419
251
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328



181
2
1,268
41
1,786
28
Cover Crop 340 6,123
111
33,746
1,023
80,430
2,667
151,390
4,990
188,001
5,346
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340





2,515
91
2,204
66
Critical Area Planting 342

1,144
24
6,406
95
8,123
145
4,007
104
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3





419
27
131
8
Diversion 362

111
4
261
8
931
23
2,875
14
Drainage Water Management 554

32
1
2,668
53
3,708
67
1,024
35
Field Border 386







59
4
Field Border - Enhancements E386







162
2
Filter Strip 393

68
3
170
5
39
4
251
6
Forage and Biomass Planting 512







5,373
220
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512







70
5
Forest Stand Improvement 666







301,639
459
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666







19
1
Grade Stabilization Structure 410

73
3
1,924
30
2,538
50
1,437
27
Grassed Waterway 412

656
19
6,347
106
3,183
70
3,688
74
Heavy Use Area Protection 561

1,271
43
6,457
240
10,578
346
10,372
332
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595



500
7
8,416
173
10,202
220
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595



4,120
89
26,250
515
43,381
909
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441

80
9
648
24
570
13
829
53
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447





25
1


Irrigation Water Management 449

3,394
75
57,973
862
86,625
1,090
87,527
981
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449





2,194
57
3,884
60
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468







1,427
26
Mulching 484

698
23
5,101
99
7,316
114


Nutrient Management 590

8,675
257
58,350
1,348
63,996
1,984
55,135
1,742
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590



180
5
27,769
563
25,326
523
Prescribed Grazing 528

270
3
1,756
42
14,354
165
28,992
499
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528





8,575
48
40,518
204
Range Planting 550







67,742
25
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345



3,570
72
14,233
228
14,446
274
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345





4,503
93
6,619
102
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329

1,388
56
5,509
201
17,206
512
25,929
646
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329





74
2


Riparian Forest Buffer 391

61
10
222
15
765
35
709
31
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390



202
4
18
3
64
3
Roof Runoff Structure 558

7
3
457
56
724
74
514
77
Roofs and Covers 367







742
67
Silvopasture Establishment 381







43
3
Stream Crossing 578

306
16
18,562
31
9,360
44
3,881
31
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395

21,613
9
11,430
28
7,179
34


Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580

873
7
1,713
48
4,380
54
2,192
59
Stripcropping 585





16
1


Structure for Water Control 587

3,336
60
7,933
116
27,801
247
32,176
338
Terrace 600

217
6
9,032
121
8,120
114
5,492
69
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 224
3
4,464
73
19,967
175
18,091
153
33,893
137
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612





21
7
97
5
Vegetated Treatment Area 635

10
2
19
2
4
1
222
11
Vegetative Barrier 601







48
1
Waste Facility Closure 360

36
2
33
2
42
5
60
8
Waste Storage Facility 313

63
8
787
59
996
71
540
62
Waste Transfer 634

78
13
213
32
463
44
691
51
Water Well Decommissioning 351

8
1
8
2
29
4
21
5
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638

704
23
2,937
51
22,352
252
3,313
73
Wetland Restoration 657





42
2


Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380



11
1


989
14
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) practices & enhancements are applied under the CSP component of RCPP starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Water Quality Practices
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 6,225
119
64,983
1,917
193,287
7,045
398,587
13,119
1,030,713
15,594
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2019
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Restoration 657





42
2


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Wetlands were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with wetland conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
RCPP Wetlands Practices
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice





21
2


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.

Return to the RCA Interactive Data Viewer.

For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) 2012-2019 Data October 2019
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) 2009-2011 Data
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2019
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 31 March 2020*
<http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/srpt_cp_rcpp.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]