NRCS Conservation Programs

Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA)

The Conservation Technical Assistance Program (CTA) provides land users with proven conservation technology and the delivery system needed to achieve the benefits of a healthy and productive landscape. The primary purposes of the CTA Program are to: reduce soil loss from erosion; solve soil, water quality, water conservation, air quality, and agricultural waste management problems; reduce potential damage caused by excess water and sedimentation or drought; enhance the quality of fish and wildlife habitat; improve the long term sustainability of all lands, including cropland, forestland, grazing lands, coastal lands, and developed and/or developing lands; and assist others in facilitating changes in land use as needed for natural resource protection and sustainability. Technical assistance is the help provided by NRCS, employees of other entities or agencies under the technical supervision of NRCS, to clients to address opportunities, concerns, and problems related to the use of natural resources.

To learn more see CTA

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to:
Cropland Soil Quality | Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation | Grazing Land Conservation | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality| Wetlands


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are two categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Reimbursable funds can be used to provide Technical or Financial Assistance, but are received from sources other than NRCS. They can also be transfers from or agreements with other Federal agencies.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
CTA Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alabama $11,268.2
$10,996.9
$10,690.8
$10,074.7
$10,359.7
$10,327.8
$10,724.0
$9,489.8
$7,746.1
$8,935.9
$8,221.6
$8,790.2
Alaska $4,811.1
$5,989.5
$2,552.8
$2,793.6
$3,205.8
$2,528.4
$4,214.2
$3,052.3
$3,046.8
$2,721.5
$3,162.8
$2,689.3
Arizona $4,803.3
$5,268.2
$5,600.9
$5,922.5
$5,764.1
$6,026.4
$7,537.5
$6,060.5
$5,450.5
$5,227.3
$6,178.5
$6,112.0
Arkansas $11,034.1
$13,990.2
$11,515.2
$12,615.2
$10,479.8
$12,041.3
$12,417.2
$10,180.3
$10,369.6
$9,295.6
$9,511.0
$7,630.4
California $19,901.6
$20,782.1
$17,431.2
$18,994.5
$19,494.5
$21,683.3
$21,050.8
$17,766.6
$17,341.6
$16,935.3
$16,910.3
$15,243.5
Caribbean $3,332.7
$3,292.6
$3,285.9
$3,202.7
$3,385.8
$3,737.5
$4,177.3
$2,955.8
$2,943.8
$2,801.1
$2,751.9
$3,512.6
Colorado $16,799.8
$16,098.6
$15,422.2
$15,433.9
$14,964.7
$16,187.6
$13,941.8
$12,660.6
$12,429.1
$12,592.6
$12,047.9
$11,975.7
Connecticut $3,561.5
$3,374.9
$3,724.0
$3,235.3
$3,279.0
$4,083.4
$4,304.7
$2,887.0
$3,125.9
$2,795.2
$2,926.2
$2,908.4
Delaware $1,435.8
$2,141.8
$2,097.0
$2,483.5
$1,860.5
$2,063.1
$2,017.2
$1,612.7
$1,445.9
$1,732.5
$1,582.4
$1,988.1
Florida $12,638.7
$12,834.6
$9,866.4
$9,914.3
$8,826.4
$9,122.9
$9,359.8
$8,550.4
$7,954.6
$7,930.1
$7,600.9
$7,202.5
Georgia $16,989.3
$17,826.4
$13,437.0
$16,015.4
$15,856.4
$16,568.5
$14,177.6
$12,385.6
$6,611.8
$10,458.9
$10,102.4
$10,073.0
Hawaii/Pacific $6,708.0
$6,835.5
$5,814.8
$6,139.0
$6,776.8
$8,469.6
$6,673.7
$6,090.6
$5,845.6
$6,322.7
$6,282.2
$6,635.7
Idaho $9,357.0
$9,881.6
$8,801.2
$8,772.7
$8,892.4
$9,387.4
$10,412.5
$8,684.1
$8,189.2
$7,774.9
$7,817.1
$7,761.1
Illinois $17,395.1
$16,775.6
$16,249.3
$16,201.1
$16,772.4
$16,569.6
$16,971.6
$13,926.3
$15,890.9
$14,476.5
$13,120.1
$12,069.0
Indiana $12,785.5
$11,006.2
$12,305.4
$11,717.2
$11,900.9
$12,052.8
$12,109.4
$10,658.0
$10,162.3
$12,028.5
$9,939.2
$9,682.7
Iowa $26,467.0
$24,707.9
$23,268.3
$23,010.1
$24,135.8
$22,392.0
$23,268.5
$20,823.6
$22,628.7
$20,168.1
$19,574.3
$18,564.3
Kansas $21,321.7
$20,244.0
$18,813.7
$18,879.3
$18,809.3
$20,419.0
$19,972.1
$17,693.5
$17,061.7
$16,259.8
$16,518.7
$14,721.8
Kentucky $15,777.1
$15,291.2
$12,228.7
$13,068.6
$13,513.1
$13,063.8
$12,695.3
$11,698.3
$11,434.4
$10,484.8
$9,921.2
$9,972.7
Louisiana $12,608.8
$9,670.1
$10,817.5
$9,983.9
$9,950.0
$10,256.3
$11,149.0
$8,164.4
$9,866.5
$9,633.9
$9,623.6
$9,140.1
Maine $3,827.6
$3,915.6
$4,074.3
$4,097.7
$3,646.6
$3,816.1
$4,664.6
$4,528.4
$3,758.3
$4,000.9
$3,716.6
$4,045.4
Maryland $6,180.7
$6,365.3
$4,780.8
$5,237.8
$4,839.5
$10,094.7
$6,096.7
$4,883.2
$3,639.8
$4,710.1
$4,069.9
$4,677.8
Massachusetts $3,460.0
$3,182.9
$2,872.1
$2,896.4
$2,765.7
$3,741.4
$4,286.2
$3,200.7
$2,885.3
$2,997.2
$2,496.3
$2,799.6
Michigan $13,665.3
$11,561.4
$10,819.4
$12,182.6
$11,110.9
$11,370.1
$12,422.4
$11,129.1
$10,585.1
$10,426.3
$8,446.4
$11,230.6
Minnesota $12,578.5
$13,535.7
$14,179.4
$13,212.1
$13,599.0
$14,408.6
$14,351.3
$11,962.7
$11,086.9
$11,955.9
$9,422.4
$11,879.6
Mississippi $20,742.3
$26,892.8
$13,678.6
$15,873.7
$14,148.8
$15,062.7
$12,342.7
$12,832.8
$13,601.3
$12,556.2
$10,536.8
$12,018.3
Missouri $20,827.0
$20,126.5
$19,426.3
$19,324.7
$18,886.3
$19,712.8
$20,811.0
$18,804.0
$17,230.8
$24,473.1
$18,616.8
$18,131.5
Montana $17,115.3
$15,809.5
$16,129.1
$14,869.7
$14,732.6
$16,282.2
$16,450.7
$14,319.4
$12,089.1
$11,807.8
$12,468.0
$9,477.6
Nebraska $17,299.8
$17,007.0
$17,427.2
$16,962.1
$17,190.9
$18,106.1
$18,200.7
$16,503.9
$17,117.7
$14,259.3
$13,846.1
$12,309.3
Nevada $2,761.0
$3,797.0
$2,907.2
$3,357.1
$3,283.4
$3,538.2
$3,989.9
$2,788.9
$3,377.0
$3,438.4
$3,553.3
$3,548.1
New Hampshire $2,600.0
$2,161.7
$2,323.5
$2,464.7
$2,489.8
$3,404.7
$3,759.7
$2,303.9
$2,608.3
$2,745.5
$2,619.9
$2,301.7
New Jersey $4,667.3
$5,026.9
$3,631.6
$3,717.5
$3,591.2
$4,438.4
$4,444.9
$3,603.9
$3,427.4
$3,449.9
$3,490.3
$3,601.3
New Mexico $9,244.8
$8,763.7
$7,842.2
$8,261.6
$8,299.8
$8,716.3
$8,532.7
$7,473.9
$6,777.7
$6,706.9
$6,543.2
$5,975.1
New York $13,535.7
$12,839.7
$9,663.6
$11,265.1
$10,767.8
$10,996.2
$11,500.6
$8,958.6
$8,462.7
$8,472.5
$8,535.7
$8,277.2
North Carolina $10,479.9
$10,435.6
$9,892.8
$9,855.0
$10,584.7
$10,317.1
$10,804.4
$8,845.5
$7,506.0
$7,562.3
$7,569.5
$8,184.0
North Dakota $14,171.6
$13,042.3
$13,164.3
$13,389.2
$13,342.8
$14,706.3
$14,394.3
$12,307.7
$11,753.0
$11,548.7
$10,922.0
$10,154.1
Ohio $16,250.9
$15,518.1
$14,655.0
$12,566.8
$12,433.7
$12,951.6
$15,142.2
$12,188.8
$10,836.3
$10,868.0
$11,165.3
$12,752.0
Oklahoma $19,133.7
$16,777.8
$16,995.9
$15,577.0
$15,821.3
$15,521.9
$16,247.4
$14,469.0
$15,014.0
$13,162.0
$12,798.2
$11,155.0
Oregon $9,332.5
$9,366.5
$9,470.3
$9,915.4
$9,437.6
$9,853.1
$10,264.1
$8,539.8
$8,650.3
$8,369.3
$7,561.7
$7,949.6
Pennsylvania $11,066.6
$10,370.2
$10,007.0
$10,708.2
$10,825.9
$11,074.3
$10,627.1
$9,054.2
$9,315.4
$8,902.0
$8,109.5
$8,414.2
Rhode Island $1,569.4
$1,163.8
$1,394.8
$1,453.9
$1,400.8
$2,343.3
$2,970.5
$1,613.2
$1,822.7
$2,141.1
$1,994.9
$1,816.4
South Carolina $10,508.2
$8,842.8
$8,611.9
$7,616.9
$7,323.2
$8,605.9
$8,221.6
$7,378.8
$6,364.3
$6,439.6
$5,307.9
$5,479.4
South Dakota $12,589.0
$12,905.4
$13,198.1
$12,540.5
$13,131.5
$13,513.5
$13,647.9
$13,137.2
$11,160.8
$10,226.4
$10,325.4
$8,214.9
Tennessee $13,889.3
$13,013.6
$13,193.7
$12,849.2
$12,804.4
$14,447.9
$14,336.4
$12,729.9
$12,837.3
$10,548.9
$10,406.3
$10,812.3
Texas $42,851.9
$44,721.6
$46,857.4
$45,006.3
$41,853.0
$46,127.1
$43,992.7
$37,780.3
$33,249.1
$33,745.7
$35,668.7
$32,284.6
Utah $11,054.4
$14,102.1
$5,739.0
$10,756.2
$9,099.8
$9,834.8
$9,080.9
$5,839.9
$5,792.7
$6,653.5
$7,863.5
$8,945.1
Vermont $4,118.5
$3,848.8
$3,219.4
$3,700.3
$3,596.3
$3,847.2
$3,799.8
$3,217.7
$2,853.0
$3,310.2
$3,121.4
$3,168.2
Virginia $10,273.7
$9,720.3
$8,943.7
$9,947.8
$9,675.1
$10,807.8
$9,810.6
$8,140.7
$7,169.5
$7,955.9
$7,375.0
$6,967.1
Washington $11,757.5
$11,172.4
$10,632.3
$10,290.5
$10,537.1
$10,669.8
$11,435.1
$9,925.5
$9,908.5
$9,636.7
$9,899.2
$8,253.9
West Virginia $9,727.3
$9,414.2
$6,254.5
$8,460.3
$6,617.0
$7,454.7
$5,990.7
$6,156.9
$5,871.3
$5,975.0
$5,700.2
$5,742.2
Wisconsin $17,248.0
$15,726.7
$13,601.3
$15,487.3
$15,661.3
$16,871.8
$14,048.6
$12,029.7
$12,456.4
$12,358.6
$11,543.2
$11,446.5
Wyoming $7,949.7
$7,760.3
$7,725.7
$8,268.1
$7,370.1
$8,280.1
$8,550.4
$7,248.0
$6,958.2
$6,282.1
$6,107.9
$5,815.1
Other $160,563.7
$149,110.2
$157,643.1
$205,704.3
$214,687.0
$231,333.0
$250,848.8
$235,664.4
$250,835.4
$245,019.3
$228,203.8
$309,681.5
Total $772,037.4
$755,006.3
$704,877.8
$766,273.5
$763,782.3
$819,230.4
$833,241.8
$734,901.0
$726,546.6
$721,280.8
$683,797.9
$754,182.3
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2016 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

CTA Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alabama $10,994.4
$11,001.9
$10,450.1
$9,735.9
$10,165.1
$9,683.5
$10,201.3
$9,279.3
$7,640.3
$8,875.7
$8,221.6
$8,790.2
Alaska $4,693.2
$5,988.3
$2,478.4
$2,777.6
$3,187.8
$2,439.6
$4,118.3
$2,989.6
$3,017.9
$2,720.6
$3,162.8
$2,689.3
Arizona $4,592.7
$5,111.7
$5,285.6
$5,353.7
$5,211.1
$5,363.6
$6,796.5
$5,583.2
$5,285.5
$5,063.1
$6,104.7
$5,956.3
Arkansas $11,387.7
$10,757.6
$10,256.5
$11,702.0
$9,758.1
$11,315.3
$11,655.4
$9,518.6
$9,751.7
$9,270.4
$9,503.8
$7,544.5
California $18,323.8
$18,796.9
$16,166.1
$16,749.0
$17,527.1
$19,091.9
$18,895.0
$15,893.5
$16,474.0
$16,117.5
$16,388.7
$14,851.2
Caribbean $3,332.7
$3,282.7
$3,285.9
$3,202.7
$3,385.8
$3,737.0
$4,177.3
$2,955.8
$2,943.8
$2,801.1
$2,751.9
$3,512.6
Colorado $15,094.0
$14,536.2
$13,865.9
$13,960.9
$13,871.3
$13,881.6
$12,981.2
$11,779.8
$10,263.0
$10,944.9
$10,926.4
$10,887.5
Connecticut $3,260.6
$3,130.4
$2,750.0
$2,661.5
$2,983.3
$3,707.8
$4,062.8
$2,577.1
$2,790.4
$2,777.7
$2,872.1
$2,908.4
Delaware $1,397.3
$2,110.9
$2,088.8
$2,474.9
$1,851.4
$2,053.6
$1,995.5
$1,607.9
$1,445.6
$1,732.5
$1,582.4
$1,988.1
Florida $11,693.0
$12,294.7
$8,957.5
$9,346.5
$8,240.0
$8,937.9
$8,827.4
$8,272.1
$7,555.0
$7,659.1
$7,314.6
$6,902.4
Georgia $16,323.0
$15,999.2
$11,537.9
$14,131.0
$13,675.3
$14,789.6
$12,501.1
$11,351.5
$6,271.3
$10,182.4
$10,074.1
$10,073.0
Hawaii/Pacific $6,705.0
$6,665.2
$5,942.4
$6,139.2
$6,737.9
$8,444.5
$6,571.9
$6,087.7
$5,844.9
$6,322.7
$6,233.4
$6,610.0
Idaho $9,225.7
$9,602.1
$8,506.9
$8,408.4
$8,457.7
$8,950.3
$9,919.9
$8,191.0
$7,422.8
$7,340.8
$7,437.0
$7,321.5
Illinois $17,166.5
$16,579.3
$15,959.5
$15,822.6
$16,436.6
$16,295.2
$16,513.4
$13,642.9
$15,572.7
$14,394.4
$13,117.4
$12,001.7
Indiana $12,717.8
$11,045.6
$12,072.1
$11,705.3
$11,881.3
$11,646.2
$11,701.2
$10,521.8
$10,157.6
$11,322.2
$9,849.7
$9,542.0
Iowa $26,379.0
$24,676.8
$23,166.5
$22,648.0
$23,124.6
$21,958.3
$23,094.1
$20,724.9
$22,526.4
$19,972.4
$19,484.0
$18,588.2
Kansas $21,141.7
$19,957.3
$18,666.2
$18,750.2
$18,647.7
$20,267.7
$19,891.8
$17,629.0
$16,926.9
$16,223.3
$16,518.2
$14,721.8
Kentucky $15,458.4
$14,798.0
$11,777.6
$12,582.3
$12,687.5
$12,563.6
$12,067.5
$11,197.4
$10,918.4
$10,483.1
$9,921.2
$9,967.7
Louisiana $11,040.2
$9,834.1
$9,429.2
$9,576.1
$9,473.6
$9,752.5
$10,707.4
$7,895.3
$9,372.6
$9,563.9
$9,623.2
$9,133.6
Maine $3,766.4
$3,836.8
$3,999.3
$3,995.5
$3,562.2
$3,746.1
$4,608.8
$4,407.9
$3,646.8
$3,969.6
$3,716.6
$4,045.4
Maryland $5,634.2
$5,845.1
$4,159.1
$4,922.3
$4,590.8
$5,710.8
$5,182.6
$4,241.1
$3,331.0
$3,976.4
$3,988.7
$4,364.7
Massachusetts $3,298.0
$3,025.9
$2,749.4
$2,767.9
$2,616.5
$3,617.4
$4,158.0
$3,155.7
$2,686.8
$2,997.2
$2,496.3
$2,799.6
Michigan $11,922.2
$11,166.7
$10,354.6
$10,922.8
$10,804.7
$11,017.8
$10,879.7
$9,528.8
$10,394.1
$9,140.5
$8,276.8
$10,913.3
Minnesota $12,129.5
$12,914.8
$13,746.3
$13,157.4
$13,519.0
$14,234.1
$14,202.8
$11,876.5
$10,981.2
$11,902.5
$9,418.3
$11,844.0
Mississippi $20,608.9
$26,578.4
$13,715.5
$15,761.3
$14,034.0
$14,854.5
$12,206.1
$12,739.7
$13,413.3
$12,389.3
$10,515.6
$12,018.3
Missouri $20,016.7
$19,226.2
$18,834.0
$18,671.2
$18,254.0
$19,283.9
$20,421.3
$18,679.7
$16,894.8
$24,424.7
$18,613.0
$18,126.5
Montana $16,311.3
$15,158.8
$15,407.2
$14,117.8
$14,042.1
$15,510.0
$15,673.6
$13,202.1
$11,365.8
$11,456.9
$11,957.5
$9,300.3
Nebraska $16,088.5
$15,747.4
$15,903.1
$15,473.8
$15,912.6
$16,809.3
$17,007.2
$15,560.2
$15,224.4
$13,931.6
$13,659.8
$12,253.2
Nevada $2,694.3
$3,685.7
$2,806.0
$3,241.4
$3,176.7
$3,382.7
$3,546.4
$2,658.0
$2,657.9
$2,668.0
$2,822.4
$2,771.5
New Hampshire $2,624.0
$2,148.3
$2,193.5
$2,291.2
$2,453.8
$3,174.9
$3,649.3
$2,268.9
$2,577.7
$2,728.6
$2,619.9
$2,292.6
New Jersey $4,482.1
$4,382.1
$3,403.1
$3,616.6
$3,306.1
$4,342.4
$4,291.5
$3,422.1
$3,283.3
$3,427.9
$3,489.9
$3,601.3
New Mexico $8,532.7
$8,181.5
$7,822.1
$8,103.6
$8,072.0
$8,523.4
$8,342.7
$7,329.6
$6,563.1
$6,500.9
$6,446.4
$5,858.1
New York $13,298.6
$12,082.0
$8,967.2
$11,004.4
$10,756.0
$10,929.8
$10,746.1
$7,986.1
$7,917.2
$7,884.5
$7,989.2
$7,575.6
North Carolina $10,376.8
$10,361.3
$9,859.0
$9,838.2
$10,582.1
$10,372.2
$10,802.2
$8,845.5
$7,506.0
$7,562.3
$7,569.5
$8,179.0
North Dakota $13,975.1
$12,779.0
$12,984.5
$13,177.4
$13,126.3
$14,504.8
$14,187.2
$12,091.3
$11,551.0
$11,539.1
$10,909.4
$10,154.1
Ohio $15,758.4
$15,028.3
$14,187.6
$12,033.1
$11,926.9
$12,189.8
$13,390.3
$11,146.0
$10,153.9
$9,689.1
$9,806.1
$11,269.0
Oklahoma $18,613.9
$16,086.7
$16,228.5
$15,032.3
$14,971.0
$14,737.0
$15,636.4
$13,997.6
$14,425.0
$12,872.0
$12,728.0
$11,152.4
Oregon $9,209.6
$9,251.4
$9,252.3
$9,615.4
$9,051.6
$9,561.1
$9,931.7
$8,309.1
$7,849.9
$7,909.8
$7,221.2
$7,565.9
Pennsylvania $10,592.6
$10,029.2
$9,483.3
$10,284.1
$10,542.1
$10,935.9
$10,347.6
$9,025.0
$9,217.9
$8,837.4
$8,109.3
$8,401.9
Rhode Island $1,478.4
$1,158.8
$1,302.3
$1,359.8
$1,305.4
$2,343.3
$2,918.8
$1,613.2
$1,822.7
$2,141.1
$1,994.9
$1,816.4
South Carolina $9,462.5
$8,075.2
$7,126.2
$6,838.6
$7,000.8
$7,405.0
$7,864.6
$6,972.0
$6,090.8
$6,321.3
$5,136.9
$5,394.2
South Dakota $11,502.9
$12,184.3
$12,293.7
$11,783.8
$12,324.5
$12,661.9
$12,841.8
$12,360.6
$10,278.0
$10,210.7
$10,325.4
$8,214.9
Tennessee $12,365.0
$11,486.0
$11,815.3
$11,440.2
$11,454.8
$12,744.7
$12,497.3
$11,144.5
$11,644.0
$10,467.1
$10,234.0
$10,779.8
Texas $41,479.9
$41,880.3
$42,172.4
$38,589.2
$40,123.2
$42,758.4
$40,486.5
$34,507.6
$31,070.1
$31,471.4
$32,657.4
$30,321.2
Utah $9,610.9
$14,121.9
$5,661.6
$9,982.2
$7,912.3
$8,808.7
$7,841.0
$4,615.2
$4,661.7
$5,365.1
$6,513.9
$7,543.2
Vermont $3,744.5
$3,561.5
$2,944.7
$3,414.5
$3,310.4
$3,647.4
$3,586.1
$3,138.2
$2,811.6
$3,272.5
$3,092.9
$3,141.6
Virginia $9,617.8
$9,552.7
$8,047.6
$8,854.7
$8,626.5
$9,255.2
$9,124.8
$7,828.7
$6,051.4
$7,705.9
$7,375.0
$6,852.2
Washington $11,271.6
$10,652.0
$10,087.5
$9,756.4
$10,067.7
$10,171.5
$10,852.6
$9,433.9
$9,375.4
$9,483.1
$9,746.3
$8,125.4
West Virginia $9,661.2
$9,288.9
$6,145.6
$8,350.1
$6,555.1
$7,233.8
$5,900.4
$6,103.3
$5,848.6
$5,963.0
$5,690.4
$5,733.2
Wisconsin $17,204.6
$15,687.6
$13,601.3
$15,470.6
$15,591.3
$16,706.0
$13,559.2
$11,663.7
$11,009.5
$11,092.2
$10,413.5
$10,437.8
Wyoming $7,389.3
$7,162.6
$7,169.7
$7,671.7
$6,874.9
$7,720.3
$7,921.6
$6,812.9
$6,150.1
$5,677.3
$5,748.6
$5,396.6
Other $161,402.9
$148,407.7
$157,487.2
$205,156.9
$214,452.1
$228,236.4
$245,292.8
$230,722.3
$248,028.7
$241,322.3
$225,176.6
$305,751.0
Total $747,052.0
$726,904.0
$674,553.8
$734,424.2
$738,202.7
$782,010.2
$796,578.0
$705,085.4
$698,664.5
$700,069.3
$667,547.0
$737,984.2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2016 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

CTA Reimbursable Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alabama $273.7
$-5.0
$240.7
$338.8
$194.6
$644.3
$522.7
$210.5
$105.8
$60.2


Alaska $117.9
$1.2
$74.5
$16.0
$18.0
$88.8
$95.9
$62.6
$28.9
$0.9


Arizona $210.6
$156.5
$315.4
$568.8
$553.0
$662.7
$741.0
$477.3
$165.0
$164.1
$73.8
$155.7
Arkansas $-353.5
$3,232.7
$1,258.7
$913.2
$721.6
$726.0
$761.8
$661.7
$617.9
$25.2
$7.3
$85.9
California $1,577.9
$1,985.2
$1,265.1
$2,245.5
$1,967.4
$2,591.4
$2,155.8
$1,873.1
$867.6
$817.8
$521.6
$392.3
Caribbean
$9.9



$0.4






Colorado $1,705.8
$1,562.4
$1,556.3
$1,473.0
$1,093.4
$2,306.0
$960.6
$880.8
$2,166.1
$1,647.7
$1,121.5
$1,088.2
Connecticut $301.0
$244.5
$974.0
$573.8
$295.7
$375.6
$242.0
$309.9
$335.5
$17.5
$54.1

Delaware $38.6
$30.9
$8.3
$8.6
$9.1
$9.5
$21.8
$4.8
$0.3



Florida $945.8
$539.9
$908.9
$567.8
$586.4
$185.0
$532.4
$278.4
$399.6
$271.0
$286.3
$300.2
Georgia $666.4
$1,827.3
$1,899.1
$1,884.3
$2,181.1
$1,778.9
$1,676.5
$1,034.1
$340.5
$276.5
$28.3

Hawaii/Pacific $3.0
$170.3
$-127.7
$-0.2
$39.0
$25.1
$101.8
$2.9
$0.7

$48.7
$25.7
Idaho $131.3
$279.6
$294.3
$364.3
$434.7
$437.2
$492.6
$493.1
$766.4
$434.1
$380.1
$439.6
Illinois $228.7
$196.2
$289.7
$378.5
$335.8
$274.5
$458.3
$283.5
$318.2
$82.0
$2.7
$67.3
Indiana $67.7
$-39.4
$233.3
$11.9
$19.7
$406.6
$408.2
$136.2
$4.7
$706.3
$89.4
$140.7
Iowa $88.0
$31.1
$101.7
$362.1
$1,011.2
$433.7
$174.4
$98.7
$102.3
$195.7
$90.4
$-23.9
Kansas $180.0
$286.7
$147.6
$129.1
$161.5
$151.3
$80.4
$64.6
$134.8
$36.5
$0.5

Kentucky $318.7
$493.2
$451.1
$486.4
$825.6
$500.2
$627.7
$500.9
$516.0
$1.6

$5.0
Louisiana $1,568.6
$-164.0
$1,388.3
$407.8
$476.4
$503.8
$441.7
$269.1
$493.9
$70.0
$0.3
$6.6
Maine $61.3
$78.7
$75.1
$102.2
$84.4
$70.0
$55.8
$120.5
$111.5
$31.3


Maryland $546.5
$520.2
$621.7
$315.6
$248.7
$4,383.9
$914.1
$642.1
$308.8
$733.8
$81.1
$313.1
Massachusetts $162.0
$157.0
$122.7
$128.5
$149.2
$124.0
$128.2
$44.9
$198.5



Michigan $1,743.1
$394.7
$464.8
$1,259.8
$306.2
$352.4
$1,542.7
$1,600.3
$191.0
$1,285.9
$169.6
$317.2
Minnesota $449.0
$620.9
$433.1
$54.6
$80.0
$174.5
$148.5
$86.3
$105.7
$53.4
$4.2
$35.6
Mississippi $133.4
$314.4
$-37.0
$112.4
$114.9
$208.2
$136.6
$93.1
$188.0
$166.9
$21.2

Missouri $810.3
$900.3
$592.3
$653.5
$632.2
$428.9
$389.7
$124.3
$336.0
$48.5
$3.8
$5.0
Montana $804.0
$650.8
$721.9
$751.9
$690.5
$772.1
$777.1
$1,117.4
$723.3
$350.9
$510.6
$177.3
Nebraska $1,211.3
$1,259.6
$1,524.1
$1,488.3
$1,278.2
$1,296.8
$1,193.5
$943.8
$1,893.3
$327.8
$186.4
$56.1
Nevada $66.7
$111.3
$101.2
$115.7
$106.7
$155.5
$443.5
$130.9
$719.1
$770.4
$730.9
$776.7
New Hampshire $-23.9
$13.5
$130.1
$173.5
$36.1
$229.7
$110.4
$35.0
$30.6
$17.0

$9.1
New Jersey $185.1
$644.8
$228.6
$100.9
$285.1
$96.1
$153.4
$181.8
$144.1
$21.9
$0.3

New Mexico $712.1
$582.2
$20.0
$158.0
$227.8
$192.8
$190.0
$144.3
$214.6
$206.0
$96.8
$117.0
New York $237.1
$757.7
$696.5
$260.7
$11.7
$66.4
$754.5
$972.4
$545.5
$587.9
$546.5
$701.6
North Carolina $103.1
$74.3
$33.8
$16.8
$2.6
$-55.2
$2.2




$5.0
North Dakota $196.5
$263.3
$179.8
$211.8
$216.5
$201.5
$207.0
$216.4
$202.0
$9.6
$12.6

Ohio $492.5
$489.7
$467.4
$533.8
$506.8
$761.8
$1,751.9
$1,042.8
$682.4
$1,178.9
$1,359.3
$1,483.0
Oklahoma $519.8
$691.1
$767.4
$544.7
$850.3
$785.0
$610.9
$471.4
$589.0
$290.0
$70.3
$2.6
Oregon $122.9
$115.1
$218.0
$300.1
$386.0
$292.0
$332.4
$230.7
$800.4
$459.5
$340.5
$383.7
Pennsylvania $474.0
$341.0
$523.7
$424.1
$283.8
$138.4
$279.5
$29.2
$97.5
$64.6
$0.2
$12.3
Rhode Island $91.0
$5.0
$92.5
$94.2
$95.4

$51.7





South Carolina $1,045.7
$767.6
$1,485.7
$778.3
$322.4
$1,200.9
$357.0
$406.8
$273.5
$118.3
$171.0
$85.1
South Dakota $1,086.1
$721.1
$904.4
$756.7
$807.0
$851.5
$806.1
$776.7
$882.8
$15.8


Tennessee $1,524.3
$1,527.6
$1,378.4
$1,409.0
$1,349.6
$1,703.2
$1,839.1
$1,585.4
$1,193.3
$81.8
$172.3
$32.5
Texas $1,372.0
$2,841.4
$4,685.0
$6,417.1
$1,729.8
$3,368.7
$3,506.3
$3,272.7
$2,179.0
$2,274.3
$3,011.4
$1,963.4
Utah $1,443.5
$-19.9
$77.3
$774.0
$1,187.5
$1,026.1
$1,239.9
$1,224.7
$1,131.0
$1,288.4
$1,349.6
$1,401.9
Vermont $374.0
$287.3
$274.7
$285.8
$285.9
$199.8
$213.7
$79.5
$41.4
$37.7
$28.4
$26.6
Virginia $655.9
$167.6
$896.1
$1,093.1
$1,048.6
$1,552.7
$685.9
$312.1
$1,118.1
$250.0

$114.9
Washington $485.9
$520.4
$544.8
$534.1
$469.4
$498.4
$582.4
$491.6
$533.1
$153.6
$152.9
$128.5
West Virginia $66.1
$125.3
$108.9
$110.1
$61.9
$220.9
$90.2
$53.6
$22.7
$12.0
$9.8
$9.0
Wisconsin $43.4
$39.1

$16.7
$70.0
$165.8
$489.4
$366.0
$1,446.9
$1,266.4
$1,129.7
$1,008.7
Wyoming $560.4
$597.7
$556.0
$596.4
$495.2
$559.8
$628.8
$435.0
$808.1
$604.8
$359.4
$418.5
Other $-840.0
$702.3
$155.7
$547.2
$235.0
$3,096.6
$5,555.8
$4,941.7
$2,806.7
$3,697.0
$3,027.2
$3,930.5
Total $24,985.3
$28,102.3
$30,324.0
$31,849.3
$25,579.6
$37,220.2
$36,663.8
$29,815.6
$27,882.1
$21,211.6
$16,250.9
$16,198.2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2016 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
CTA Practices
State 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alabama 192,295
27,532
207,211
23,284
228,514
18,157
239,191
16,461
282,341
15,950
329,986
18,330
374,935
19,764
386,672
21,613
359,780
18,175
290,892
19,613
296,376
14,790
243,630
13,301
Alaska 584,645
156
338,148
108
3,827
305
96,688
421
561,560
146
424,747
178
777,753
214
75,435
143
102,079
66
72,519
62
1,457
18
8,312
31
Arizona 425,369
791
284,330
2,472
467,424
4,653
703,309
1,717
808,743
2,320
852,224
1,433
943,219
1,535
1,216,359
1,471
1,489,114
1,869
836,589
985
456,665
473
276,096
369
Arkansas 149,425
12,722
158,386
10,898
171,292
10,686
197,291
11,878
181,865
8,233
247,358
11,300
270,046
11,149
245,007
9,502
286,142
10,134
201,556
7,659
196,732
6,651
189,707
7,270
California 240,628
5,833
410,581
11,612
602,020
6,455
677,241
8,079
789,855
7,707
1,048,321
11,107
1,101,130
10,141
897,361
9,048
1,058,155
8,914
1,139,334
7,706
814,269
5,857
835,198
4,465
Caribbean 19,151
4,295
20,221
4,235
20,057
4,004
14,415
2,796
15,376
2,048
11,999
1,708
14,296
2,478
16,454
2,012
17,168
1,776
13,224
1,315
14,952
1,371
15,300
1,348
Colorado 1,621,703
6,437
974,677
4,916
1,047,826
8,140
1,382,883
9,651
1,341,819
10,811
1,425,904
11,853
1,433,559
12,720
1,455,441
10,480
1,069,556
11,101
674,275
6,249
825,503
5,800
740,957
7,873
Connecticut 7,943
199
10,155
536
9,092
213
12,523
170
9,558
333
10,209
1,153
15,187
1,140
16,585
1,407
10,616
923
7,429
759
3,321
456
3,139
382
Delaware 25,835
3,356
56,600
4,072
60,956
6,835
71,802
7,648
61,411
6,216
63,408
6,151
72,410
6,720
64,726
5,658
49,878
5,004
44,121
2,830
39,434
3,324
24,791
2,170
Florida 369,374
6,309
349,334
4,459
330,711
3,752
370,000
3,705
313,895
3,066
283,590
2,423
291,465
2,974
309,154
3,281
297,944
3,064
206,568
1,976
210,445
2,019
112,532
1,313
Georgia 133,080
13,613
133,127
14,143
188,714
16,392
188,016
17,650
174,280
13,183
192,780
12,268
217,133
12,571
199,440
12,350
228,623
12,769
204,991
9,885
195,497
10,143
209,453
9,148
Hawaii/Pacific 60,940
468
30,051
754
66,921
1,131
28,532
366
30,788
263
39,253
361
49,567
453
22,107
484
49,739
557
52,566
465
40,445
243
14,142
170
Idaho 154,366
6,936
202,883
8,834
232,998
5,910
208,692
5,907
269,462
5,092
229,056
3,964
232,215
2,378
250,830
3,378
224,733
1,068
108,822
193
159,911
1,480
91,112
646
Illinois 403,280
32,061
435,495
36,481
413,477
32,354
383,047
26,803
291,627
18,807
336,153
21,125
348,981
21,653
353,480
20,062
332,707
18,642
188,782
10,648
222,035
11,880
303,430
13,529
Indiana 327,297
18,724
301,224
21,206
323,153
24,282
332,292
24,869
322,402
23,212
359,532
20,909
358,957
20,184
339,509
19,042
315,086
19,191
277,287
15,996
207,046
12,410
236,625
15,049
Iowa 892,582
55,923
888,581
55,563
823,472
53,451
816,814
45,172
730,856
35,792
758,389
37,794
826,446
37,767
792,871
33,271
744,260
29,582
351,527
13,994
505,592
23,064
538,668
27,059
Kansas 585,365
21,636
678,422
23,286
619,846
20,146
696,475
20,390
673,255
18,202
694,963
17,313
750,824
17,348
771,689
15,804
716,198
12,905
631,016
11,491
630,793
10,681
577,030
9,626
Kentucky 200,596
33,223
216,841
34,191
272,690
35,688
235,238
25,608
233,657
22,225
228,063
18,781
202,976
13,010
236,347
17,470
196,079
12,102
82,244
5,478
70,944
3,967
78,593
4,856
Louisiana 84,211
2,327
177,296
7,269
154,542
6,707
228,555
10,084
274,647
12,285
278,151
15,148
381,485
11,264
406,102
15,799
405,589
19,600
294,458
18,501
209,261
11,419
255,979
14,050
Maine 17,252
2,090
18,305
1,883
26,855
1,952
20,548
1,599
16,015
1,062
13,665
1,059
26,408
1,361
16,229
849
21,725
694
23,062
622
9,476
335
10,551
236
Maryland 97,554
17,022
112,504
18,130
138,099
16,230
138,555
18,416
126,601
18,030
150,061
19,571
120,819
15,182
119,004
15,049
96,056
13,325
70,962
9,326
60,593
7,605
53,265
6,682
Massachusetts 6,521
827
15,434
2,356
8,810
1,416
12,039
1,516
13,622
1,520
11,661
1,058
13,392
1,162
11,017
1,100
14,055
1,078
9,445
1,219
8,742
714
6,874
949
Michigan 76,612
8,687
79,841
5,460
70,080
4,900
119,019
8,041
105,031
6,108
109,258
6,521
128,037
7,283
103,392
6,533
96,767
4,781
73,117
5,009
67,413
4,097
102,094
4,674
Minnesota 246,330
7,665
271,201
12,714
343,448
15,875
378,714
14,166
432,998
15,224
430,283
14,569
437,967
12,723
404,923
11,233
409,874
12,704
305,048
7,745
338,753
9,799
375,902
14,504
Mississippi 249,205
26,841
242,489
23,924
246,221
19,562
302,351
21,826
300,199
22,044
327,707
22,003
354,862
20,659
354,258
21,271
364,172
23,628
318,589
22,206
284,704
23,710
207,528
15,880
Missouri 478,235
37,150
576,143
42,330
531,937
38,486
532,094
39,083
503,861
35,376
586,073
39,952
602,028
39,305
583,719
32,246
580,314
30,614
393,254
21,469
485,838
25,807
406,492
24,157
Montana 585,980
2,631
905,117
5,741
1,040,672
12,851
781,095
8,496
466,975
5,447
669,701
3,906
301,439
1,614
828,331
5,110
781,110
5,719
502,494
2,261
677,392
6,313
518,178
6,005
Nebraska 672,115
20,581
800,174
22,631
752,162
17,985
1,051,035
19,968
880,317
17,852
855,066
16,872
878,778
17,243
922,861
18,947
883,208
13,260
571,957
8,417
432,596
5,901
342,528
5,354
Nevada 17,507
269
48,482
575
47,605
623
58,139
1,218
116,935
658
140,896
631
232,255
526
184,732
903
136,662
445
55,133
194
119,179
453
376,524
795
New Hampshire 8,085
1,055
9,244
767
11,308
868
19,322
1,009
17,748
700
17,420
469
23,235
666
16,111
547
15,932
613
11,840
262
8,516
263
16,933
123
New Jersey 24,085
3,658
21,473
2,780
21,753
2,703
18,423
1,694
18,088
2,131
15,242
1,510
18,714
1,476
13,692
1,098
12,880
961
7,840
564
6,803
489
6,379
432
New Mexico 1,309,952
5,110
1,703,056
6,325
1,388,516
7,610
2,547,355
12,740
2,139,140
11,392
3,235,779
11,520
2,750,229
12,044
2,886,906
11,861
2,521,745
7,713
2,397,534
10,157
1,820,786
4,460
1,975,598
3,847
New York 100,389
16,778
188,458
14,135
158,668
14,979
140,822
13,596
119,779
11,443
105,094
9,510
105,760
9,330
107,316
8,413
93,715
6,145
33,222
3,203
41,864
3,427
26,963
2,436
North Carolina 80,321
15,283
130,920
24,946
128,204
22,097
145,067
24,729
162,392
22,841
153,910
20,378
161,145
18,173
185,235
21,169
182,362
20,622
140,662
13,812
121,536
13,110
104,123
11,157
North Dakota 515,748
8,749
544,689
14,158
516,458
14,623
922,882
24,236
726,428
16,802
787,964
16,332
727,349
17,473
863,655
19,609
819,781
15,003
771,602
15,933
841,187
19,424
915,460
24,597
Ohio 227,867
21,572
399,707
37,823
412,537
42,309
405,616
41,051
328,321
32,026
342,958
27,200
393,547
28,779
362,012
29,169
383,864
27,431
300,329
23,062
175,339
13,775
157,506
12,388
Oklahoma 747,600
17,817
788,408
15,992
845,399
15,048
827,323
13,332
933,159
14,566
1,002,605
14,104
999,619
13,551
862,857
9,681
795,468
10,977
311,633
4,556
460,156
6,832
434,599
4,746
Oregon 189,265
2,532
157,642
3,150
195,918
2,857
229,455
2,252
185,544
1,898
215,926
3,461
246,507
1,810
301,284
2,527
232,724
1,871
145,010
864
163,112
1,018
182,217
528
Pennsylvania 153,824
18,880
124,491
18,054
117,363
14,054
134,503
15,648
120,257
12,772
114,167
9,896
133,186
8,962
129,588
9,345
133,746
10,613
111,205
8,077
109,391
7,794
96,012
6,606
Rhode Island 702
66
3,364
189
4,027
208
6,716
173
7,913
170
5,933
102
6,088
168
3,155
227
2,756
78
149
10
1,242
13
1,307
21
South Carolina 66,404
5,783
65,823
4,716
60,118
3,616
82,404
3,957
85,876
5,089
89,345
4,046
95,085
3,819
143,026
6,030
126,301
4,658
59,131
1,976
50,558
1,611
71,911
2,372
South Dakota 454,981
6,470
337,054
5,572
437,972
6,515
490,493
8,615
447,891
6,758
536,231
7,421
612,740
8,092
656,175
8,450
670,770
9,535
405,754
5,914
523,501
8,488
481,512
6,710
Tennessee 242,997
38,314
297,212
41,662
284,727
36,555
307,037
30,836
236,999
18,927
228,713
15,428
264,796
16,047
275,435
18,069
247,424
15,699
196,371
12,115
199,200
11,563
229,694
14,466
Texas 6,763,379
48,110
7,645,397
56,424
8,113,189
69,395
7,353,236
66,548
7,848,178
58,820
7,735,802
60,974
8,528,151
57,364
8,445,849
53,436
8,456,218
59,818
6,913,524
44,563
7,483,778
42,283
5,736,700
37,066
Utah 179,557
1,800
227,294
1,359
228,364
2,237
265,192
1,632
284,051
1,751
344,604
1,083
322,967
4,024
352,911
1,136
346,994
1,149
200,408
327
146,947
229
82,096
147
Vermont 5,974
691
14,923
1,560
21,499
1,703
22,181
1,878
19,772
1,832
13,324
1,359
20,230
1,407
22,755
2,185
18,696
1,703
826
76
8,254
784
8,794
855
Virginia 127,796
22,520
156,319
26,847
149,917
22,457
166,715
25,727
191,000
30,228
189,759
25,471
191,468
23,615
178,086
20,569
148,958
19,313
26,125
2,929
28,001
2,690
41,310
3,739
Washington 47,954
930
21,823
399
86,631
298
88,798
351
54,124
396
63,924
296
96,355
669
63,491
279
126,234
259
31,843
283
9,603
469
32,993
249
West Virginia 62,018
4,979
68,690
4,520
74,816
4,429
75,314
3,863
75,511
4,274
82,501
3,888
86,289
3,944
71,541
3,918
64,170
3,139
62,296
2,513
67,669
2,705
65,876
2,261
Wisconsin 328,856
34,200
264,238
35,740
360,434
40,696
383,628
41,039
303,827
40,297
282,369
33,484
292,753
32,070
284,448
31,696
294,507
27,689
259,390
24,562
241,248
20,610
283,386
25,255
Wyoming 567,675
2,092
546,576
943
722,590
2,383
949,268
2,414
264,003
538
337,157
627
382,522
1,103
200,083
1,215
339,008
950
235,266
725
424,459
913
485,955
799
Total 21,130,824
653,693
22,660,055
722,124
23,583,829
716,781
25,858,346
711,024
24,899,950
624,863
27,009,183
608,000
28,217,303
587,107
28,009,645
576,145
27,371,645
539,629
20,623,221
390,756
20,518,512
373,730
18,591,953
372,691
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Forest Land Conservation, Grazing Land Conservation, Irrigation Efficiency, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the CTA Report csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2016

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alley Cropping 311 196
39
644
42
328
39
134
29
159
14


293
51
66
14
130
17
36
1
20
1
10
2
Conservation Cover 327 111,386
4,780
116,053
5,122
292,159
11,225
470,994
10,458
290,657
6,683
268,226
6,488
638,632
14,667
556,934
14,587
462,110
12,334
256,406
7,208
170,004
5,770
192,049
6,846
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 4,720,356
132,479
4,998,331
146,904
4,955,611
140,132
5,307,141
147,607
4,877,013
138,755
5,061,106
137,895
4,827,923
130,449
5,252,800
132,046
4,721,992
128,296
3,480,778
88,454
3,728,026
94,091
3,930,325
100,077
Contour Buffer Strips 332 9,511
341
14,105
358
6,619
348
10,468
380
10,451
329
12,006
443
8,447
356
6,622
413
4,846
184
3,013
134
3,207
162
2,670
202
Contour Farming 330 629,571
18,515
717,491
20,556
590,461
17,677
554,804
16,644
484,051
13,731
468,663
13,330
399,233
11,683
375,021
10,132
347,535
10,321
229,144
5,679
230,335
5,954
231,631
6,390
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331 986
80
2,070
93
1,702
133
823
62
1,635
63
2,071
37
409
50
859
49
745
64
720
25
144
32
324
18
Cover Crop 340 301,718
11,973
305,958
14,172
322,475
13,542
336,860
16,899
304,660
16,123
377,570
15,543
391,571
16,153
456,641
20,024
474,637
19,444
463,843
16,054
466,798
15,448
602,489
20,310
Critical Area Planting 342 50,063
1,134
45,939
1,169
42,530
1,197
69,825
1,555
75,498
1,658
85,306
1,734
109,924
1,971
102,221
1,779
74,872
1,342
55,365
932
85,546
1,173
66,473
1,164
Cross Wind Ridges 588 1,235
17
1,678
30
183
2
181
8
116
2
1,025
7
1,462
4
158
8


2,053
7
85
2
275
2
Cross Wind Trap Strips 589C 8,589
97
3,819
38
6,229
19
613
18
1,091
7
9,480
14
2,167
11
4,221
8
1,426
6
2,530
17
532
9
906
14
Deep Tillage 324 38,104
736
21,025
497
40,778
914
50,042
1,241
61,899
1,870
26,691
2,152
33,445
788
29,951
1,407
58,425
1,018
33,750
368
49,263
793
9,218
186
Diversion 362 14,452
272
16,056
254
13,567
233
11,658
230
15,249
285
14,590
181
16,093
213
13,601
191
8,153
167
7,520
147
5,896
98
12,833
131
Field Border 386 140,885
3,648
130,167
3,802
90,017
2,817
74,638
2,438
45,175
1,323
70,389
1,349
49,000
1,424
31,016
847
19,903
759
12,479
543
22,924
724
16,496
729
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 81,279
4,618
95,476
5,460
79,412
4,027
73,262
3,713
65,634
3,522
59,175
2,845
36,999
2,018
58,922
2,185
40,982
1,719
24,461
1,182
37,981
1,135
24,577
1,150
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 26,963
627
35,770
712
30,714
670
53,062
992
33,522
706
27,547
524
40,137
676
38,352
754
33,583
607
35,665
597
44,242
754
34,990
594
Grassed Waterway 412 231,420
5,858
253,208
6,675
207,300
5,882
153,427
3,988
161,994
3,847
145,868
3,271
159,484
3,598
148,498
3,043
93,981
2,286
87,384
1,699
83,026
1,828
80,283
2,102
Herbaceous Wind Barriers 603 1,022
6
457
10
735
12
5,359
54


123
4
195
1
230
3
195
1
85
2
219
9


Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 1,625,484
44,376
1,647,835
47,874
1,856,457
44,309
1,785,626
42,299
1,386,300
32,305
1,388,131
30,350
1,210,242
26,248
1,227,504
22,710
981,348
21,628
837,023
19,659
824,908
13,405
661,402
14,011
Irrigation Water Management 449 570,000
8,125
573,525
9,505
678,222
9,314
701,350
9,296
638,064
8,962
654,914
9,741
621,466
9,007
641,291
9,021
806,865
11,789
627,233
9,411
356,931
5,709
270,286
4,510
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468 788
17
653
16
2,312
52
1,976
46
1,910
44
1,971
34
2,516
39
1,631
29
880
22
1,584
31
523
23
1,835
51
Mulching 484 9,920
337
9,520
270
11,652
324
11,651
411
15,527
358
14,505
362
21,816
556
12,550
309
12,058
299
16,667
230
15,347
276
15,554
209
Nutrient Management 590 1,852,969
52,777
1,894,407
55,861
1,945,206
55,659
1,859,774
53,834
1,506,890
46,028
1,502,271
44,460
1,271,742
37,888
1,332,914
37,403
1,159,472
34,842
1,018,416
26,807
982,005
21,500
826,202
20,375
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 1,128,815
26,859
1,148,505
28,140
1,257,439
25,936
1,231,606
26,917
1,204,705
25,376
1,294,748
24,690
1,143,246
22,358
1,072,120
21,388
1,192,750
24,377
895,604
18,725
485,274
7,808
222,641
5,084
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 1,644,459
41,125
1,710,150
45,978
1,486,557
39,411
1,521,569
39,351
1,324,753
34,195
1,383,113
36,414
1,303,677
33,005
1,288,505
30,766
1,123,594
28,179
818,591
19,886
1,121,444
23,769
1,208,845
23,039
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 1,577,214
49,090
1,764,887
58,871
1,570,411
51,862
1,686,315
50,649
1,433,701
46,652
1,590,012
45,862
1,415,967
43,294
1,574,408
47,909
1,539,932
46,435
1,177,010
33,651
1,160,934
32,703
1,221,524
35,017
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 38,272
565
19,368
443
18,014
357
13,936
227
15,110
270
9,388
108
14,285
241
9,056
196
8,889
246
3,998
255
1,583
65
1,200
27
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 8,570
450
4,364
382
10,183
463
10,301
336
13,728
271
2,744
199
4,857
247
1,875
176
4,010
297
1,295
137
2,453
224
2,780
330
Row Arrangement 557 49,590
1,421
20,185
876
25,895
612
26,782
1,015
31,026
965
27,958
849
15,593
523
17,474
658
22,560
700
17,762
577
13,461
521
4,920
307
Silvopasture Establishment 381

















78
1




Stripcropping 585 46,087
1,753
35,221
1,584
23,738
1,468
26,381
1,077
22,615
1,391
24,141
915
18,038
593
10,327
402
12,437
466
7,862
346
5,727
305
5,070
600
Subsurface Drain 606 20,897
447
22,940
500
24,709
538
18,011
363
19,476
409
21,251
376
25,254
442
21,632
414
12,273
263
8,548
160
10,886
227
13,857
274
Terrace 600 316,861
4,817
420,315
5,635
335,391
4,289
322,628
4,363
336,208
4,861
309,475
4,442
319,799
4,545
340,764
4,988
211,946
3,201
217,623
3,101
262,063
3,738
227,844
3,278
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 4,069
87
9,311
141
13,159
270
19,261
252
10,584
111
11,777
121
7,658
154
26,361
485
95,099
774
36,156
579
29,432
477
5,452
143
Underground Outlet 620 112,400
1,790
132,153
2,138
99,073
1,625
118,825
1,898
156,654
2,566
159,256
2,584
162,157
2,701
173,288
2,990
115,180
2,086
105,692
1,752
123,942
2,025
116,419
1,922
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 29,030
461
27,209
502
31,753
545
40,536
615
42,378
772
51,240
825
51,066
906
39,887
708
29,770
573
37,008
594
47,320
678
36,609
678
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 9,090
408
12,182
398
11,684
418
15,324
363
13,496
238
14,759
305
13,517
287
32,248
255
8,524
195
7,813
130
13,665
194
9,885
274
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 280
12
35
9
20
7
16
4
364
11
26
6
1,594
18
462
8
259
5
949
12
134
5
495
24
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 6,009,367
420,137
6,517,529
465,017
7,030,162
436,328
7,885,677
439,632
7,222,341
394,703
7,898,295
388,460
7,854,817
367,165
8,627,724
368,305
8,340,463
354,942
6,064,454
259,093
5,879,833
241,635
5,936,480
250,070
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2016

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 139,589
6,193
187,087
7,354
297,284
9,805
529,887
10,866
674,710
7,407
341,019
7,760
421,017
9,204
466,502
9,351
397,327
8,564
306,769
5,277
299,095
8,483
279,260
7,132
Aquatic Organism Passage 396 123
4
906
4
81
9
2,153
23
3,602
12


1,844
5
51
3
5,706
3
16
1
78
2
317
1
Conservation Cover 327 129,769
6,152
140,561
6,405
325,778
12,730
525,271
12,514
326,949
7,866
331,668
7,774
802,528
16,283
609,424
16,152
525,910
13,919
276,399
8,028
191,150
6,734
216,238
7,817
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 14,325
665
21,759
1,033
30,454
1,030
34,841
895
38,174
737
27,204
950
67,371
1,363
47,660
1,368
48,018
977
38,409
569
33,506
746
61,808
979
Hedgerow Planting 422 299
13
2,946
55
1,843
37
619
17
1,489
55
1,581
22
841
17
187
14
1,194
39
219
21
365
13
1,708
29
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 27,792
481
57,886
938
87,793
742
126,007
1,260
109,505
798
125,670
954
282,036
1,254
172,366
1,180
63,800
713
162,943
880
57,293
567
45,323
554
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 78,495
1,180
27,679
1,062
113,940
1,628
123,976
1,101
60,648
1,009
28,284
798
34,428
802
34,560
637
23,397
613
11,067
349
7,950
444
12,877
747
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 2,941
168
2,972
164
9,080
110
13,893
137
3,099
132
9,920
136
163,169
206
10,373
95
4,131
83
998
54
916
75
2,647
100
Shallow Water Development and Management 646 4,772
123
14,483
166
17,001
146
4,012
109
5,128
110
4,914
70
40,855
450
23,386
405
16,690
338
8,721
219
35,632
473
9,011
171
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 1,875
27
3,594
58
27,547
154
35,009
191
8,558
98
15,071
79
49,435
39
9,709
44
6,205
35
4,561
26
2,405
14
2,038
10
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 42,265
243
313,497
235
12,569
268
18,105
236
54,678
226
20,650
135
53,162
97
14,882
154
1,622
49
6,402
61
4,023
39
24,948
52
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 7,629,996
38,840
9,920,847
54,117
10,602,700
76,726
10,485,699
66,268
9,752,672
52,649
9,003,637
44,252
9,555,689
45,290
7,338,284
38,508
7,428,910
31,053
5,927,952
23,530
6,370,719
23,380
5,737,036
23,566
Wetland Creation 658 15,821
91
17,260
177
14,470
140
18,346
151
13,400
94
7,179
58
6,563
70
835
33
1,117
15
1,804
19
113
9
769
12
Wetland Enhancement 659 110,528
333
222,621
471
86,961
701
120,903
674
135,822
660
86,164
613
181,735
559
66,853
289
34,047
207
11,509
35
16,707
60
762
18
Wetland Restoration 657 27,092
733
41,873
854
49,161
763
38,288
864
90,683
769
66,048
913
82,513
877
29,899
1,036
20,767
640
6,083
105
19,576
454
17,850
527
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 376,142
2,663
497,874
3,305
359,622
3,725
314,324
3,299
198,366
2,655
342,093
2,166
320,478
2,092
178,126
3,213
141,103
2,628
95,274
1,212
115,039
1,522
150,224
2,559
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Fish and Wildlife Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 7,680,543
57,909
10,026,585
76,398
10,943,185
108,714
11,011,462
98,605
9,822,783
75,277
9,500,918
66,680
10,278,455
78,608
8,024,302
72,482
7,729,867
59,876
6,082,464
40,386
6,217,437
43,015
5,842,684
44,274
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement; thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2016

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 17,018
529
18,221
609
42,326
1,109
45,853
1,354
45,265
1,205
111,594
1,991
130,603
2,506
88,452
1,558
106,477
1,765
76,354
1,124
67,444
1,093
50,952
804
Brush Management 314 1,579
50
1,248
36
10,195
54
10,170
51
2,929
39
2,227
26
26,295
138
14,939
203
16,508
216
21,300
173
23,561
124
15,277
150
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 2,442
70
1,419
45
10,525
85
15,228
132
7,726
105
8,625
117
43,415
124
15,360
191
8,938
129
7,982
98
15,884
124
17,030
205
Firebreak 394 8,481
124
8,885
172
30,495
313
53,709
413
53,291
345
47,094
536
43,251
451
35,350
380
35,290
353
18,954
315
20,408
266
16,672
233
Forest Stand Improvement 666 92,591
1,911
90,228
2,099
312,934
3,986
314,154
3,679
244,258
2,787
383,886
3,994
377,280
4,468
238,297
2,804
239,397
2,652
261,256
2,538
223,316
1,986
485,899
1,570
Forest Trails and Landings 655 4,082
72
5,546
43
7,213
86
5,146
57
8,526
45
10,081
96
12,958
81
14,357
62
3,740
53
4,790
50
12,070
39
10,868
25
Fuel Break 383

572
1
9,246
5
1,233
18
123
2
2,741
3
2,829
36
4,397
59
5,381
26
10,069
8
1,002
17
53,522
10
Herbaceous Weed Control 315











2,666
34
6,643
120
17,072
143
18,518
248
45,746
157
30,311
300
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 14,649
430
36,108
381
48,532
591
32,325
597
80,573
549
131,600
1,303
88,630
1,064
62,403
748
43,594
613
39,942
654
63,692
653
38,081
446
Multi-Story Cropping 379















366
3
165
1
451
2
1,786
1
Prescribed Burning 338 9,901
108
10,842
116
24,558
267
31,382
231
67,663
308
67,983
463
77,761
499
40,843
381
49,843
583
46,105
487
49,401
449
49,151
400
Prescribed Forestry 409



52,926
295
28,229
254
76,139
485
61,501
530
55,460
382
5,739
56
927
11
34
1
257
5
32
1
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 658
14
2,574
42
4,715
48
2,968
22
32,336
47
19,878
81
3,807
57
4,484
72
6,080
56
41,134
64
8,175
98
5,626
77
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 3,915
174
1,929
108
14,860
243
9,499
145
15,952
177
12,002
168
13,735
184
21,615
153
12,689
115
3,920
78
1,481
66
6,105
171
Road/Trail/Landing Closure and Treatment 654





















274
1
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 12
2
263
1
9,583
10
3,203
11
4,732
12
5,692
4
2,127
4
7,877
10
3,587
8
1,801
9
437
3
22
1
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 12,067
378
14,392
451
26,844
540
33,952
686
101,758
544
48,479
685
54,219
768
42,348
580
436,911
478
33,388
364
27,569
346
63,391
393
Tree/Shrub Pruning 660 1,322
8
56
4
5,185
35
1,651
19
3,368
23
4,005
25
7,790
62
3,408
43
1,559
21
223
15
4,646
13
66
6
Tree/Shrub Site Preparation 490 5,567
171
8,702
220
20,188
269
24,033
371
15,195
335
23,066
381
26,535
356
21,774
231
27,087
294
16,799
243
22,034
267
56,390
285
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 213,078
2,945
241,877
3,737
476,623
6,842
540,597
7,248
600,243
6,201
821,423
5,659
633,081
5,693
516,903
5,202
931,710
4,467
515,674
4,206
484,368
3,872
361,601
3,796
Woody Residue Treatment 384



376
3
3,015
8
444
10
5,445
32
3,792
48
20,940
101
13,614
45
5,716
41
152,304
64
298,083
23
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Forest Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Forest Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 285,958
6,986
314,335
8,065
678,805
14,781
773,737
15,296
878,596
13,219
1,325,927
16,094
1,209,612
16,955
883,076
12,954
1,292,793
12,031
849,732
10,717
709,109
9,644
744,159
8,898
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2016

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Road 560 2,058
50
1,210
46
18,667
54
5,261
49
32,776
41
6,264
56
43,809
34
18,355
50
3,555
30
2,908
17
664
18
377
17
Animal Trails and Walkways 575 2,754
76
2,962
133
3,049
100
31,352
96
27,190
86
1,255
55
16,999
67
5,487
61
518
33
5,857
31
338
14
420
20
Brush Management 314 525,087
2,450
185,298
2,427
306,851
2,235
546,051
2,326
349,837
2,172
517,194
1,769
462,825
2,023
3,550,364
2,053
507,188
2,168
894,126
1,593
511,304
1,182
361,416
1,062
Channel Bank Vegetation 322 884
2
85
1
2,681
5
1,127
1
21
2


370
3
72
3
165
1
65
2




Channel Bed Stabilization 584 1,095
12
14
1
13
3
65
5
25
4
67
4
6,620
10


1,056
4
39
3
116
3


Critical Area Planting 342 24,261
510
30,060
607
37,201
584
27,012
579
79,930
682
21,930
467
35,089
476
23,064
395
17,435
322
12,808
288
29,453
280
8,572
249
Fence 382 180,695
2,843
387,471
3,833
527,097
3,751
511,437
3,862
351,210
3,542
414,771
3,336
365,123
3,513
388,602
3,501
731,984
2,692
283,803
2,109
205,178
2,156
131,846
2,328
Forage Harvest Management 511 110,027
5,009
109,147
4,693
106,544
4,444
131,087
5,104
125,794
4,349
128,779
4,488
134,117
5,464
141,777
5,590
134,524
5,107
87,826
3,180
55,836
2,199
38,104
1,530
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 135,162
5,511
104,683
5,511
100,643
4,482
109,622
4,804
80,757
4,099
70,828
3,424
66,716
2,964
68,483
3,078
59,837
2,315
42,768
1,698
41,351
1,573
41,754
1,443
Grazing Land Mechanical Treatment 548 6,861
31
5,426
54
1,371
16
84,580
40
46,177
61
4,319
34
915
43
1,183
39
204
11
5,261
125
31
1
5,031
22
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 16,871
628
20,974
762
32,398
986
29,037
996
20,539
703
34,125
696
28,156
541
85,785
614
28,612
508
38,983
437
16,394
458
22,648
697
Herbaceous Weed Control 315











30,501
597
132,420
3,258
216,550
4,692
162,620
3,728
218,409
3,935
203,554
3,818
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 914,780
25,246
987,811
23,696
986,910
23,154
1,028,766
22,368
986,025
19,753
1,046,453
18,683
1,011,711
14,257
683,954
11,870
598,380
9,185
604,898
5,797
402,156
5,602
328,950
5,153
Livestock Pipeline 516 568,381
2,344
496,509
2,761
426,949
2,973
484,490
2,776
412,334
2,089
376,747
1,986
443,129
2,133
753,373
2,363
952,656
2,625
446,212
1,549
263,662
1,462
278,395
1,653
Nutrient Management 590 706,477
25,386
673,838
25,292
587,505
23,390
601,557
22,117
481,677
17,654
432,022
16,308
420,426
14,684
393,878
13,904
326,295
11,347
227,062
8,195
229,924
6,892
149,373
5,824
Pond 378 83,576
720
103,621
845
83,764
568
75,217
486
78,833
440
102,491
402
41,503
285
33,467
274
33,349
248
99,649
135
8,192
106
37,282
94
Prescribed Burning 338 127,350
338
66,431
235
92,439
297
98,173
463
92,307
300
90,710
293
126,183
346
63,665
147
75,190
126
21,458
88
20,472
104
14,796
79
Prescribed Grazing 528 11,202,188
54,759
9,899,655
55,848
9,657,114
51,463
11,892,791
52,770
12,093,324
49,694
12,965,559
49,778
14,246,462
55,172
14,039,326
52,463
13,326,016
49,526
10,834,971
36,917
11,105,820
35,322
8,668,323
29,765
Pumping Plant 533 22,394
91
36,672
135
45,672
144
69,260
184
111,383
177
71,727
163
144,317
221
140,622
265
329,661
481
173,204
327
104,446
280
155,168
221
Range Planting 550 21,661
146
17,012
147
75,557
150
131,824
205
95,497
171
27,254
84
89,705
114
33,724
75
125,912
107
42,281
89
7,609
65
187,583
37
Silvopasture Establishment 381 19
1
24
1
469
7
57
1
213
9
141
2
235
3
126
5
17
1




88
14
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 3,835
134
3,413
109
4,957
117
10,201
124
19,580
113
7,721
89
9,272
39
1,828
62
274
12
582
22
260
8
787
10
Toxic Salt Reduction 610

341
5
565
15


492
3
190
1
63,513
5
140
1
140
1
120
2




Waste Recycling 633 77,474
3,350
58,279
2,724
64,538
2,678
60,463
2,303
38,704
1,775
43,606
2,232
35,045
1,517
25,596
1,406
23,189
1,118
13,358
619
10,099
464
12,102
418
Water Well 642 123,341
516
211,021
722
153,607
596
92,941
537
158,731
447
168,191
398
132,392
361
255,725
518
227,351
920
100,997
407
70,075
352
37,321
265
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 28,018
60
3,227
55
6,470
59
2,834
50
2,426
52
2,513
55
2,992
53
2,398
53
7,633
41
1,766
51
2,697
65
10,335
52
Watering Facility 614 785,013
3,077
1,048,654
4,014
769,001
3,912
714,161
3,752
688,118
2,825
1,310,870
2,577
994,848
2,759
1,986,845
2,936
1,997,604
3,208
763,390
2,071
342,956
1,914
546,092
2,186
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 24,933
150
15,665
113
18,567
127
27,247
138
26,590
167
70,959
153
12,025
89
25,392
88
9,842
54
7,489
37
12,821
77
6,290
33
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 161
1
144
3
1
1
33
1
612
2
337
3
113
1
66
1
682
4


149
7
100
3
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Grazing Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Grazing Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 12,264,104
133,441
10,914,018
134,773
10,975,579
126,311
13,149,437
126,137
13,213,916
111,412
14,677,312
107,536
16,282,911
107,774
16,127,239
105,073
15,100,072
96,887
12,040,738
69,517
11,537,973
64,539
9,416,800
56,993
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2016

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Irrigation Canal or Lateral 320 274
2


120
1
1,474
2
101
1
475
4








904
6


Irrigation Ditch Lining 428 2,561
46
3,236
92
4,887
134
9,177
43
1,394
55
674
20
322
12
302
9
1,332
28
1,341
33
239
6
137
6
Irrigation Field Ditch 388 883
9
656
10
1,163
26
1,883
28
669
11
1,189
8


783
13
1,067
12
729
9
116
3
59
6
Irrigation Land Leveling 464 9,545
253
17,277
392
26,678
464
19,308
369
19,862
459
14,695
337
23,290
398
16,908
363
36,250
743
13,239
290
13,279
257
7,755
264
Irrigation Pipeline 430 42,980
642
58,226
734
61,423
678
59,167
746
54,375
890
44,178
601
24,756
401
31,850
502
45,182
717
27,087
446
31,672
471
25,712
335
Irrigation Reservoir 436 338
19
2,885
40
3,372
64
2,829
48
1,421
20
782
19
1,617
22
654
13
6,135
37
719
15
1,432
19
1,856
10
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 9,546
272
9,787
232
11,630
237
11,001
280
11,071
249
11,484
169
11,888
217
7,225
153
6,451
165
10,699
157
4,341
174
2,885
121
Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442 103,257
1,077
115,548
1,373
137,406
1,142
134,015
1,063
104,330
953
70,486
701
67,408
569
50,908
564
93,542
827
53,249
484
55,290
450
29,298
303
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 1,933
36
2,333
19
1,101
19
1,548
22
1,390
26
1,137
16
2,766
20
281
4
2,206
43
119
2
549
6
122
2
Irrigation Water Conveyance, Pipeline, Rigid Gated Pipeline 443 95,928
1,301
53,619
1,460
59,062
1,504
48,662
991
30,574
1,012
40,561
1,447
27,818
623
24,161
733
47,872
1,122
19,106
409
26,854
731
4,658
96
Irrigation Water Management 449 589,775
8,696
595,827
10,134
700,444
9,869
735,948
9,903
651,903
9,400
676,729
10,239
633,611
9,300
666,413
9,366
827,519
12,202
645,920
9,644
369,433
5,954
288,945
4,759
Pumping Plant 533 3,482
66
5,542
63
4,733
65
3,695
49
5,290
63
3,849
61
4,711
64
6,667
105
8,052
112
3,510
73
6,815
79
4,896
58
Structure for Water Control 587 35,708
220
19,394
349
18,678
360
20,963
289
44,814
410
26,711
215
36,760
221
52,694
407
75,187
502
92,532
447
68,330
610
28,604
263
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 4,069
87
9,652
146
13,727
286
19,343
256
11,076
114
11,967
122
71,171
159
42,089
502
95,239
775
36,321
583
29,432
477
5,452
143
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Irrigation Efficiency. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Irrigation Efficiency Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 652,981
12,726
673,594
15,044
818,114
14,849
834,520
14,089
733,151
13,663
741,786
13,959
715,868
12,006
727,822
12,734
955,132
17,285
760,847
12,592
454,470
9,243
299,795
6,366
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2016

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 139,589
6,193
187,087
7,354
297,284
9,805
529,887
10,866
674,710
7,407
341,019
7,760
421,017
9,204
466,502
9,351
397,327
8,564
306,769
5,277
299,095
8,483
279,260
7,132
Access Road 560 7,728
214
12,051
355
48,969
394
18,256
217
44,145
191
29,148
230
59,721
116
23,916
190
339,010
118
6,037
75
4,175
64
3,859
48
Alley Cropping 311 224
43
646
43
328
39
137
30
179
15


293
51
66
14
130
17
36
1
20
1
10
2
Animal Mortality Facility 316 986
47
2,622
121
2,247
107
2,381
132
1,591
105
2,681
123
1,888
87
1,397
91
1,247
71
8,128
98
1,526
85
1,432
69
Channel Bank Vegetation 322 901
6
112
5
3,852
36
1,485
9
574
11
256
4
799
9
161
5
203
2
116
4


155
1
Composting Facility 317 1,418
99
1,770
94
925
67
1,183
62
717
58
1,655
58
1,000
42
657
37
707
21
883
27
821
32
254
20
Conservation Cover 327 129,769
6,152
140,561
6,405
325,778
12,730
525,271
12,514
326,949
7,866
331,668
7,774
802,528
16,283
609,424
16,152
525,910
13,919
276,399
8,028
191,150
6,734
216,238
7,817
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 4,738,905
133,383
5,016,237
147,641
4,975,990
140,725
5,326,950
148,256
4,904,309
139,408
5,076,636
138,547
4,845,589
130,965
5,287,384
132,939
4,758,081
129,394
3,507,456
89,414
3,764,853
95,347
3,972,074
101,474
Constructed Wetland 656 1
1
1,709
7
5,317
11
113
5
5,103
13
50
4
164
3


20
1
107
4
44
2
13
1
Contour Buffer Strips 332 9,545
347
14,107
360
6,707
352
10,468
380
10,451
329
12,006
443
8,454
357
6,622
413
5,353
192
3,032
139
3,305
168
2,795
217
Contour Farming 330 632,209
18,642
719,473
20,658
592,182
17,737
556,883
16,698
486,804
13,816
469,877
13,374
400,165
11,731
376,107
10,185
349,305
10,397
230,314
5,740
231,198
5,993
233,576
6,536
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331 995
81
2,121
95
1,702
133
823
62
1,693
68
2,074
38
409
50
860
50
745
64
722
26
144
32
324
18
Cover Crop 340 305,965
12,138
309,779
14,327
329,173
13,672
343,719
17,099
312,550
16,236
380,866
15,670
395,578
16,348
480,486
20,356
490,323
19,687
472,946
16,286
475,295
15,760
611,870
20,725
Critical Area Planting 342 85,511
1,963
89,449
2,198
104,883
2,057
129,943
2,470
185,462
2,570
123,914
2,573
154,090
2,735
133,114
2,367
97,440
1,797
73,080
1,359
120,494
1,639
80,376
1,597
Diversion 362 20,116
352
21,421
339
27,350
305
19,878
314
45,740
348
18,368
237
18,291
260
15,139
239
22,027
211
8,088
177
9,538
134
13,507
160
Drainage Water Management 554 535
7
12,079
79
1,004
23
463
26
303
3
7,885
80
780
11
4,560
81
15,719
272
8,623
182
11,218
220
2,349
32
Filter Strip 393 76,598
3,353
46,972
2,237
55,400
2,526
50,469
2,187
23,907
1,057
30,750
1,488
25,513
991
32,244
1,618
17,096
900
13,745
555
35,162
758
14,436
969
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 51,557
1,156
67,881
1,423
58,561
1,290
84,815
1,521
186,341
1,165
77,525
839
54,486
904
50,790
1,018
44,021
794
44,540
817
73,728
1,044
46,290
863
Grassed Waterway 412 233,688
5,973
259,903
6,812
210,697
6,002
156,212
4,078
199,715
3,941
148,222
3,362
162,006
3,694
150,516
3,140
96,104
2,374
89,664
1,795
90,255
1,988
82,784
2,260
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 22,645
1,238
27,745
1,665
53,855
2,102
46,250
1,981
34,169
2,028
43,403
1,699
33,602
1,091
92,357
1,152
38,088
961
44,044
815
23,708
791
29,227
1,045
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 2,590,718
71,529
2,694,503
73,698
3,162,834
69,884
2,925,684
67,004
2,494,358
53,878
2,621,321
51,585
2,332,332
42,479
2,023,467
36,068
1,633,689
32,299
1,492,872
26,769
1,302,875
19,994
1,034,389
20,059
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 9,546
272
9,787
232
11,630
237
11,001
280
11,071
249
11,484
169
11,888
217
7,225
153
6,451
165
10,699
157
4,341
174
2,885
121
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 1,933
36
2,333
19
1,101
19
1,548
22
1,390
26
1,137
16
2,766
20
281
4
2,206
43
119
2
549
6
122
2
Irrigation Water Management 449 589,775
8,696
595,827
10,134
700,444
9,869
735,948
9,903
651,903
9,400
676,729
10,239
633,611
9,300
666,413
9,366
827,519
12,202
645,920
9,644
369,433
5,954
288,945
4,759
Land Reclamation, Abandoned Mined Land 543



63
2
109
3
249
5


13
1


402
7






Land Reclamation, Currently Mined Land 544







61
1




286
6








Mulching 484 28,011
670
24,147
655
33,649
631
27,295
635
100,693
561
19,721
529
33,210
718
21,322
461
25,784
468
21,410
388
22,824
442
22,320
363
Nutrient Management 590 2,575,690
79,147
2,583,213
81,857
2,545,501
79,717
2,479,776
76,651
2,002,098
64,106
1,948,666
61,296
1,708,965
53,097
1,743,490
51,842
1,504,929
46,661
1,277,582
35,684
1,240,306
28,929
993,479
26,716
Prescribed Grazing 528 11,412,385
58,249
10,193,143
59,848
10,020,633
56,183
12,360,179
57,749
12,481,401
53,825
13,205,226
53,070
14,612,747
59,417
14,401,668
56,919
13,617,070
53,289
11,033,141
39,589
11,440,239
37,617
8,895,135
32,075
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 1,649,016
41,272
1,713,224
46,129
1,492,872
39,525
1,524,936
39,435
1,327,660
34,301
1,385,881
36,528
1,306,006
33,104
1,300,986
30,896
1,127,971
28,347
822,900
20,050
1,131,108
24,069
1,221,913
23,372
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 1,581,830
49,342
1,774,985
59,226
1,578,319
52,244
1,693,350
51,022
1,438,818
46,930
1,596,590
46,043
1,420,768
43,520
1,585,719
48,263
1,571,013
46,760
1,182,643
33,944
1,169,776
33,074
1,234,135
35,387
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 38,272
565
19,368
443
18,014
357
13,936
227
15,116
271
9,388
108
14,303
242
9,056
196
8,951
248
3,998
255
1,583
65
1,200
27
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 78,495
1,180
27,679
1,062
113,940
1,628
123,976
1,101
60,648
1,009
28,284
798
34,428
802
34,560
637
23,397
613
11,067
349
7,950
444
12,877
747
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 2,941
168
2,972
164
9,080
110
13,893
137
3,099
132
9,920
136
163,169
206
10,373
95
4,131
83
998
54
916
75
2,647
100
Roof Runoff Structure 558 673
126
951
139
3,158
106
1,596
100
588
92
779
90
994
105
1,589
132
1,743
108
425
56
698
61
637
56
Sediment Basin 350 1,788
43
4,231
33
1,851
35
1,848
30
1,269
27
9,995
34
3,229
23
2,061
26
1,410
16
1,772
37
718
13
211
5
Stream Crossing 578 1,215
76
4,604
151
3,691
165
5,282
189
19,126
171
5,858
140
15,463
206
46,265
183
7,842
129
12,072
116
47,821
82
86,622
66
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 1,875
27
3,594
58
27,547
154
35,009
191
8,558
98
15,071
79
49,435
39
9,709
44
6,205
35
4,561
26
2,405
14
2,038
10
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 42,265
243
313,497
235
12,569
268
18,105
236
54,678
226
20,650
135
53,162
97
14,882
154
1,622
49
6,402
61
4,023
39
24,948
52
Stripcropping 585 46,478
1,760
35,272
1,587
23,738
1,468
26,397
1,079
23,075
1,397
24,141
915
18,459
595
10,327
402
12,463
470
7,885
347
5,857
308
5,216
617
Structure for Water Control 587 35,708
220
19,394
349
18,678
360
20,963
289
44,814
410
26,711
215
36,760
221
52,694
407
75,187
502
92,532
447
68,330
610
28,604
263
Terrace 600 318,588
4,857
424,366
5,699
339,359
4,324
324,188
4,399
339,192
4,905
311,297
4,479
322,606
4,584
344,266
5,026
214,083
3,243
219,055
3,142
263,788
3,806
229,671
3,360
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 4,069
87
9,652
146
13,727
286
19,343
256
11,076
114
11,967
122
71,171
159
42,089
502
95,239
775
36,321
583
29,432
477
5,452
143
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 32,674
1,504
172,455
1,654
83,121
2,291
65,896
2,240
149,509
1,730
82,572
1,580
241,253
1,739
77,365
1,403
522,781
1,150
46,159
747
42,903
757
81,019
799
Vegetated Treatment Area 635 83
18
129
12
122
14
147
17
341
16
155
12
350
17
421
23
2,757
18
215
15
104
6
5,574
3
Waste Facility Closure 360 447
27
269
30
179
13
164
22
131
11
55
13
244
20
135
15
144
18
52
7
69
7
63
7
Waste Recycling 633 173,388
7,237
149,613
6,643
176,811
7,212
143,428
6,458
111,578
5,609
103,219
5,440
100,411
4,876
72,582
4,264
61,811
3,665
44,326
2,357
30,782
1,346
30,511
876
Waste Storage Facility 313 8,906
596
9,680
582
6,370
411
6,138
351
3,996
266
3,799
218
3,046
173
2,630
144
4,129
138
1,579
104
2,842
135
5,102
124
Waste Transfer 634 3,873
244
7,107
261
5,555
240
4,017
215
6,473
173
3,125
121
3,006
108
5,529
118
8,211
65
1,190
52
3,427
95
4,530
81
Waste Treatment 629 25
4
433
5
33
5
9
1
6
3
173
5
55
4
741
9
241
3
335
16
65
4
107
6
Waste Treatment Lagoon 359 70
7
79
8
233
16
344
10
48
5
76
5
26
4
184
3
1,098
7
668
6
159
1


Water Well Decommissioning 351 3,572
97
8,314
82
11,052
71
3,357
109
4,219
103
5,021
122
4,834
90
12,235
161
5,317
78
10,310
118
3,958
95
6,015
106
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 57,165
527
37,184
579
47,946
625
45,437
679
45,571
831
58,870
892
55,033
968
42,355
769
37,533
617
39,020
667
84,714
789
48,239
767
Wetland Creation 658 15,821
91
17,260
177
14,470
140
18,346
151
13,400
94
7,179
58
6,563
70
835
33
1,117
15
1,804
19
113
9
769
12
Wetland Enhancement 659 110,528
333
222,621
471
86,961
701
120,903
674
135,822
660
86,164
613
181,735
559
66,853
289
34,047
207
11,509
35
16,707
60
762
18
Wetland Restoration 657 27,092
733
41,873
854
49,161
763
38,288
864
90,683
769
66,048
913
82,513
877
29,899
1,036
20,767
640
6,083
105
19,576
454
17,850
527
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 39,579
1,069
32,546
1,019
39,663
1,053
47,053
971
44,714
786
89,135
833
28,739
736
62,158
727
21,826
500
17,118
383
27,991
458
17,535
482
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 719
40
401
46
252
31
275
29
1,140
36
757
47
2,058
61
1,176
66
1,321
48
1,039
27
745
48
1,279
62
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Water Quality. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Water Quality Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 17,496,267
522,480
16,934,411
566,505
17,656,285
541,271
20,751,018
542,636
20,408,282
479,861
21,758,035
471,901
23,300,931
454,386
23,618,625
450,240
22,237,645
423,437
17,167,171
307,177
17,192,627
299,792
14,999,516
303,156
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2016
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Creation 658 15,821
91
17,260
177
14,470
140
18,346
151
13,400
94
7,179
58
6,563
70
835
33
1,117
15
1,804
19
113
9
769
12
Wetland Enhancement 659 110,528
333
222,621
471
86,961
701
120,903
674
135,822
660
86,164
613
181,735
559
66,853
289
34,047
207
11,509
35
16,707
60
762
18
Wetland Restoration 657 27,092
733
41,873
854
49,161
763
38,288
864
90,683
769
66,048
913
82,513
877
29,899
1,036
20,767
640
6,083
105
19,576
454
17,850
527
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Wetlands. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CTA Wetlands Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 138,666
1,157
164,573
1,502
133,019
1,604
161,851
1,689
218,957
1,523
149,127
1,584
225,088
1,506
85,895
1,358
46,503
862
17,496
159
27,250
523
17,926
557
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2016.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) 2012-2016 Data
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) 2009-2011 Data
National Planning and Agreements Database November 2016
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 31 May 2017*
<http:http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/srpt_cp_cta.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]