NRCS Conservation Programs

Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

The Agricultural Act of 2014, enacted on February 7, 2014, consolidated the authorities of the former Wetlands Reserve Program, Grasslands Reserve Program, and Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program into the Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP). ACEP provides financial and technical assistance to help conserve agricultural lands and wetlands and their related benefits. Under the Agricultural Land Easements component, NRCS helps Indian tribes, state and local governments and non-governmental organizations protect working agricultural lands and limit non-agricultural uses of the land. Under the Wetlands Reserve Easements component, NRCS helps to restore, protect and enhance enrolled wetlands.

To learn more see ACEP

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Easements: Enrollment Data |Maps
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to:
Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Grazing Land Conservation | Water Quality| Wetlands
Civil Rights Report


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for the purchase of easements and for implementing conservation practices, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be used to provide Technical or Financial Assistance, but are received from sources other than NRCS. They can also be transfers from or agreements with other Federal agencies.

Financial data should not be incorporated with the programmatic enrollment data provided below to derive a cost/acre or cost/agreement. Among other reasons, such calculations will not produce accurate results since both technical assistance and financial assistance obligations for associated conservation practices are included in these data, in addition to the obligations used for purchasing easements.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
ACEP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2014 2015
Alabama $1,322.6
$1,311.3
Alaska $943.2
$161.6
Arizona $263.3
$395.8
Arkansas $20,225.9
$24,964.4
California $19,511.2
$20,852.0
Caribbean $87.7
$107.1
Colorado $4,946.0
$4,456.1
Connecticut $4,182.4
$3,346.2
Delaware $3,775.2
$4,492.8
Florida $31,155.1
$30,919.4
Georgia $5,754.9
$7,095.4
Hawaii/Pacific $275.4
$371.5
Idaho $3,681.8
$1,302.4
Illinois $2,117.0
$3,633.2
Indiana $4,004.3
$4,759.0
Iowa $13,760.2
$13,658.7
Kansas $4,365.3
$2,817.9
Kentucky $10,641.2
$11,311.0
Louisiana $17,389.6
$16,686.0
Maine $493.3
$562.5
Maryland $1,422.1
$2,947.4
Massachusetts $4,613.9
$2,962.8
Michigan $3,486.0
$3,522.8
Minnesota $3,595.7
$2,139.6
Mississippi $6,857.7
$3,875.6
Missouri $6,085.4
$6,489.4
Montana $6,189.1
$5,354.0
Nebraska $4,118.3
$4,521.9
Nevada $4,383.4
$3,748.2
New Hampshire $3,441.9
$4,413.0
New Jersey $5,569.4
$5,413.0
New Mexico $217.7
$300.2
New York $3,146.0
$3,939.4
North Carolina $2,646.5
$1,683.1
North Dakota $5,899.4
$5,943.0
Ohio $8,816.3
$11,640.5
Oklahoma $1,743.5
$1,667.9
Oregon $1,715.5
$3,573.3
Pennsylvania $5,430.3
$4,387.0
Rhode Island $543.6
$470.7
South Carolina $2,281.1
$2,222.1
South Dakota $7,885.8
$8,382.1
Tennessee $4,436.0
$4,075.5
Texas $11,227.8
$9,058.7
Utah $5,490.8
$3,675.1
Vermont $4,168.6
$1,365.8
Virginia $1,344.0
$2,443.9
Washington $1,813.6
$587.8
West Virginia $2,351.5
$566.7
Wisconsin $3,725.1
$3,460.0
Wyoming $1,807.9
$1,042.4
Other $41,550.9
$28,270.8
Total $316,900.3
$297,347.8
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2014-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

ACEP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2014 2015
Alabama $745.2
$752.0
Alaska $133.8
$161.6
Arizona $263.3
$395.8
Arkansas $3,362.7
$5,431.1
California $2,918.5
$5,298.3
Caribbean $87.7
$107.1
Colorado $948.5
$499.5
Connecticut $447.4
$447.8
Delaware $380.4
$526.0
Florida $7,622.0
$5,608.0
Georgia $908.3
$1,053.0
Hawaii/Pacific $275.4
$371.5
Idaho $514.1
$637.2
Illinois $999.9
$1,308.9
Indiana $856.0
$1,445.3
Iowa $2,207.1
$2,504.7
Kansas $851.9
$898.7
Kentucky $1,953.0
$2,537.6
Louisiana $3,502.7
$3,033.7
Maine $196.3
$216.7
Maryland $505.1
$581.2
Massachusetts $612.5
$691.8
Michigan $856.8
$842.4
Minnesota $2,515.7
$1,314.5
Mississippi $1,498.5
$1,817.4
Missouri $1,186.7
$2,047.2
Montana $892.1
$1,165.6
Nebraska $1,401.7
$1,993.8
Nevada $781.4
$993.5
New Hampshire $556.8
$842.1
New Jersey $604.0
$742.2
New Mexico $217.7
$300.2
New York $924.4
$936.0
North Carolina $766.7
$1,098.9
North Dakota $1,888.7
$2,144.9
Ohio $1,384.5
$2,534.4
Oklahoma $769.7
$859.8
Oregon $1,096.7
$1,110.1
Pennsylvania $1,437.8
$1,511.9
Rhode Island $173.6
$185.7
South Carolina $398.2
$1,647.3
South Dakota $1,892.9
$2,499.6
Tennessee $2,100.3
$1,592.7
Texas $2,457.4
$3,516.2
Utah $493.6
$578.2
Vermont $537.8
$772.3
Virginia $498.0
$666.6
Washington $471.1
$575.5
West Virginia $460.7
$518.3
Wisconsin $953.8
$1,245.0
Wyoming $307.9
$325.0
Other $30,950.9
$28,860.5
Total $90,768.1
$99,744.8
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2014-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

ACEP Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2014 2015
Alabama $577.4
$559.2
Alaska $809.4

Arkansas $16,863.2
$19,533.3
California $16,592.7
$15,553.7
Colorado $3,997.5
$3,956.6
Connecticut $3,734.9
$2,898.4
Delaware $3,394.8
$3,966.8
Florida $23,533.1
$25,311.4
Georgia $4,846.6
$6,042.4
Idaho $3,167.8
$665.2
Illinois $1,117.0
$2,324.3
Indiana $3,148.4
$3,313.8
Iowa $11,553.1
$11,154.0
Kansas $3,513.4
$1,919.1
Kentucky $8,688.2
$8,773.5
Louisiana $13,886.9
$13,652.3
Maine $297.0
$345.8
Maryland $917.0
$2,366.2
Massachusetts $4,001.4
$2,271.0
Michigan $2,629.1
$2,680.4
Minnesota $1,080.0
$825.1
Mississippi $5,359.2
$2,058.2
Missouri $4,898.7
$4,442.1
Montana $5,297.1
$4,188.4
Nebraska $2,716.6
$2,528.1
Nevada $3,602.0
$2,754.7
New Hampshire $2,885.1
$3,570.9
New Jersey $4,965.3
$4,670.8
New York $2,221.6
$3,003.4
North Carolina $1,879.8
$584.3
North Dakota $4,010.7
$3,798.0
Ohio $7,431.8
$9,106.2
Oklahoma $973.8
$808.1
Oregon $618.9
$2,463.2
Pennsylvania $3,992.5
$2,875.1
Rhode Island $370.0
$285.1
South Carolina $1,882.9
$574.8
South Dakota $5,993.0
$5,882.5
Tennessee $2,335.7
$2,482.8
Texas $8,770.4
$5,542.5
Utah $4,997.2
$3,096.9
Vermont $3,605.7
$548.5
Virginia $845.9
$1,777.3
Washington $1,342.5
$12.3
West Virginia $1,890.7
$48.5
Wisconsin $2,771.3
$2,215.1
Wyoming $1,500.0
$717.4
Other $10,600.0
$-589.7
Total $226,107.3
$197,558.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2014-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

ACEP Reimbursable Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2014 2015
Vermont $25.0
$45.0
Total $25.0
$45.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2014-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Conservation Easements


Agricultural Land Easements:
NRCS provides financial assistance to eligible partners for purchasing Agricultural Land Easements that protect the agricultural use and conservation values of eligible land. Eligible partners include Indian tribes, state and local governments and non-governmental organizations that have farmland or grassland protection programs. NRCS may contribute up to 50 percent of the fair market value of the agricultural land easement. Where NRCS determines that grasslands of special environmental significance will be protected, NRCS may contribute up to 75 percent of the fair market value of the agricultural land easement.

Wetland Reserve Easements:
NRCS provides technical and financial assistance directly to private landowners and Indian tribes to restore, protect, and enhance wetlands through the purchase of a wetland reserve easement. For acreage owned by an Indian tribe, there is an additional enrollment option of a 30-year contract. Through the wetland reserve enrollment options, NRCS may enroll eligible land through:

  • Permanent Easements Permanent easements are conservation easements in perpetuity. NRCS pays 100 percent of the easement value for the purchase of the easement. Additionally, NRCS pays between 75 to 100 percent of the restoration costs.
  • 30-year Easements 30-year easements expire after 30 years. Under 30-year easements, NRCS pays 50 to 75 percent of the easement value for the purchase of the easement. Additionally, NRCS pays between 50 to 75 percent of the restoration costs.
  • Term Easements - Term easements are easements that are for the maximum duration allowed under applicable State laws. NRCS pays 50 to 75 percent of the easement value for the purchase of the term easement. Additionally, NRCS pays between 50 to 75 percent of the restoration costs.
  • 30-year Contracts 30-year contracts are only available to enroll acreage owned by Indian tribes, and program payment rates are commensurate with 30-year easements.

    Wetland Reserve Enhancement Partnership - The 2014 Farm Bill replaced the Wetland Reserve Enhancement Program with the Wetland Reserve Enhancement Partnership as an enrollment option under ACEP WRE. WREP continues to be a voluntary program through which NRCS signs agreements with eligible partners to leverage resources to carry out high priority wetland protection, restoration and enhancement and to improve wildlife habitat.

ACEP Total Easements by State
State
2014 Number of Easements 2014 Acres Enrolled 2015 Number of Easements 2015 Acres Enrolled
Alabama 2
220.3
3
147.5
Alaska 1
77.0


Arkansas 27
5,975.2
7
6,795.0
California 19
13,119.5
8
15,648.0
Colorado 7
5,181.5
9
3,184.0
Connecticut 12
982.8
14
653.3
Delaware 2
77.0
4
654.0
Florida 15
10,611.4
11
7,466.8
Georgia 9
3,065.3
4
3,498.0
Idaho 1
1,922.0
3
2,081.0
Illinois 7
274.8
5
587.9
Indiana 11
853.6
15
771.5
Iowa 18
1,667.9
8
2,173.5
Kansas 16
4,817.0
6
2,978.0
Kentucky 24
2,634.0
24
3,067.4
Louisiana 22
7,455.1
38
9,022.6
Maine 2
98.0
2
120.7
Maryland 5
168.2
4
696.2
Massachusetts 19
820.7
7
493.0
Michigan 15
1,410.7
11
888.0
Minnesota 4
1,070.0
3
157.0
Mississippi 12
1,912.2
3
446.5
Missouri 9
1,587.1
11
868.0
Montana 2
307.0
6
9,595.0
Nebraska 6
961.2
4
1,024.8
Nevada 3
676.5
2
2,784.6
New Hampshire 14
948.7
15
1,461.6
New Jersey 16
692.5
1
373.5
New York 8
643.3
10
882.8
North Carolina 4
787.4
2
245.2
North Dakota 16
3,620.0
11
2,886.0
Ohio 19
5,054.3
23
2,902.0
Oklahoma 5
692.8


Oregon 1
17.6
3
16,172.0
Pennsylvania 8
425.9
15
547.2
Rhode Island 1
37.4
2
25.9
South Carolina 2
1,192.1
7
1,283.4
South Dakota 15
1,709.9
12
1,811.6
Tennessee 10
752.8
7
607.6
Texas 6
2,986.0
2
1,786.0
Utah 7
9,438.5
2
4,081.0
Vermont 24
3,564.0
2
199.5
Virginia 1
337.0
6
849.9
Washington 2
299.0


West Virginia 2
705.2


Wisconsin 13
736.8
13
747.8
Wyoming

2
2,568.0
Total 444
102,586.8
347
115,233.3
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Easement Staging Tool (NEST), October 2015.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

ACEP Agricultural Land Easements by State
State
2014 Number of Easements 2014 Acres Enrolled 2015 Number of Easements 2015 Acres Enrolled
Alaska 1
77.0


California 8
9,048.0
4
10,674.0
Colorado 7
5,181.5
9
3,184.0
Connecticut 12
982.8
14
653.3
Delaware

2
209.0
Florida 7
7,040.0
6
2,452.3
Idaho 1
1,922.0
3
2,081.0
Illinois

2
201.0
Iowa

3
1,050.0
Kansas 3
3,883.0
2
2,605.0
Kentucky 9
970.2
15
1,467.6
Maine 2
98.0
2
120.7
Massachusetts 18
759.0
6
261.0
Michigan 10
1,125.7
7
710.3
Minnesota 3
439.0


Montana

6
9,595.0
Nevada

2
2,784.6
New Hampshire 8
431.6
6
502.9
New Jersey 11
557.0
1
373.5
New York

3
573.3
North Carolina 3
259.6
2
245.2
Ohio 13
3,869.6
12
2,355.2
Oklahoma 1
160.0


Oregon

3
16,172.0
Pennsylvania 3
250.0
3
204.1
Rhode Island 1
37.4
2
25.9
South Carolina 1
276.0
6
748.4
Tennessee 1
233.0
1
200.0
Texas 3
691.7
2
1,786.0
Utah 6
9,385.0
2
4,081.0
Vermont 23
3,078.0
1
60.0
Virginia

4
621.4
West Virginia 2
705.2


Wisconsin

5
329.7
Wyoming

2
2,568.0
Total 157
51,460.2
138
68,895.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Easement Staging Tool (NEST), October 2015.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

ACEP Wetlands Reserve Easements by State
State
2014 Number of Easements 2014 Acres Enrolled 2015 Number of Easements 2015 Acres Enrolled
Alabama 2
220.3
3
147.5
Arkansas 27
5,975.2
7
6,795.0
California 11
4,071.5
4
4,974.0
Delaware 2
77.0
2
445.0
Florida 8
3,571.4
5
5,014.5
Georgia 9
3,065.3
4
3,498.0
Illinois 7
274.8
3
386.9
Indiana 11
853.6
15
771.5
Iowa 18
1,667.9
5
1,123.5
Kansas 13
934.0
4
373.0
Kentucky 15
1,663.8
9
1,599.8
Louisiana 22
7,455.1
38
9,022.6
Maryland 5
168.2
4
696.2
Massachusetts 1
61.7
1
232.0
Michigan 5
285.0
4
177.7
Minnesota 1
631.0
3
157.0
Mississippi 12
1,912.2
3
446.5
Missouri 9
1,587.1
11
868.0
Montana 2
307.0


Nebraska 6
961.2
4
1,024.8
Nevada 3
676.5


New Hampshire 6
517.1
9
958.7
New Jersey 5
135.5


New York 8
643.3
7
309.5
North Carolina 1
527.8


North Dakota 16
3,620.0
11
2,886.0
Ohio 6
1,184.7
11
546.8
Oklahoma 4
532.8


Oregon 1
17.6


Pennsylvania 5
175.8
12
343.1
South Carolina 1
916.1
1
535.0
South Dakota 15
1,709.9
12
1,811.6
Tennessee 9
519.8
6
407.6
Texas 3
2,294.3


Utah 1
53.5


Vermont 1
486.0
1
139.5
Virginia 1
337.0
2
228.5
Washington 2
299.0


Wisconsin 13
736.8
8
418.1
Total 287
51,126.6
209
46,337.9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Easement Staging Tool (NEST), October 2015.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for 2014.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the ACEP easement. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or easement acres.


Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
ACEP Practices
State 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count
Alabama 57
1
115
2
Arkansas

2,418
249
California 162
2


Colorado

534
5
Delaware 2
1


Illinois

8
1
Iowa 4
2


Kansas

57
2
Kentucky 14
1


Louisiana 105
1


Michigan

152
18
Minnesota 312
2
67
2
Missouri

312
29
Nebraska 1,924
8
973
7
Oklahoma

665
7
South Dakota

195
10
Texas

8
1
Vermont

110
1
Virginia

5
1
Wisconsin

62
1
Total 2,580
18
5,680
336
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Grazing Land Conservation, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
ACEP Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327

534
1
Access Control 472 4
1
5
1
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 468
1
557
4
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644

882
10
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 162
2
818
13
Shallow Water Development and Management 646

5,094
23
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647

3,935
16
Wetland Restoration 657 31
1
3,212
33
Wetland Enhancement 659

685
2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Grazing Land Conservation, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish and wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
ACEP Fish and Wildlife Practices
2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 665
5
4,613
103
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Grazing Land Conservation, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
ACEP Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 14
1


Prescribed Grazing 528 369
3
24
2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Grazing Land Conservation, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Grazing Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of grazing land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
ACEP Grazing Land Conservation Practices
2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 383
4
24
2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Grazing Land Conservation, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
ACEP Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327

534
1
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329

138
10
Cover Crop 340 2
1
67
1
Critical Area Planting 342

970
13
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 4
1


Grassed Waterway 412

57
1
Access Control 472 4
1
5
1
Prescribed Grazing 528 369
3
24
2
Drainage Water Management 554

8
1
Access Road 560

5,880
24
Structure for Water Control 587

5,482
26
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612

23,692
106
Wetland Restoration 657 31
1
3,212
33
Wetland Enhancement 659

685
2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Grazing Land Conservation, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
ACEP Water Quality Practices
2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 405
7
4,045
221
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Grazing Land Conservation, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2015
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
ACEP Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Restoration 657 31
1
3,212
33
Wetland Enhancement 659

685
2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Grazing Land Conservation, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Wetlands were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with wetland conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
ACEP Wetlands Practices
2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 31
1
3,746
35
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) November 2015
National Easement Staging Tool (NEST) October 2015
Service Center Information Management System (SCIMS) October 2015
National Planning and Agreements Database November 2015
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 30 November 2016*
<http:http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/srpt_cp_acep.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]