NRCS Conservation Programs

Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)

The Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) is a voluntary conservation program that encourages producers to address resource concerns in a comprehensive (whole-farm) manner by maintaining and improving their existing conservation systems and adopting additional conservation activities to address priority resource concerns. Participants earn CSP payments for conservation performance—the higher the performance, the higher the payment. CSP is available on Tribal and private agricultural lands and non-industrial private forest land in all 50 States and the Caribbean and Pacific Islands Areas. The program provides equitable access to all producers, regardless of operation size, crops produced, or geographic location.

To learn more see CSP

For contract counts, contract acres, and contract obligations (as opposed to total obligations, as in FMMI), see Financial Assistance Program Dashboard

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: | by Conservation Practices related to:
Cropland Soil Quality | Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability | Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) | Fish & Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation | Grazing Land Conservation | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality
CSP Enhancement Summary -- To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP Enhancements and Bundles


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are two categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for conservation activities, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
This program does not include Reimbursable funds.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
CSP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Alabama $203.1
$5,431.1
$6,062.1
$6,551.2
$7,318.9
$7,204.2
$7,601.3
$7,392.8
$7,456.2
$8,668.8
$16,526.3
$19,046.6
$17,982.1
Alaska $41.0
$1,411.1
$1,593.3
$1,607.9
$1,632.0
$2,085.5
$1,466.0
$1,608.6
$1,271.7
$1,317.3
$1,378.1
$1,003.4
$848.1
Arizona $66.8
$4,199.0
$6,297.3
$7,279.4
$7,222.0
$7,667.4
$5,357.4
$5,687.8
$3,528.9
$3,425.3
$5,561.2
$3,096.4
$4,290.9
Arkansas $251.3
$12,727.4
$23,351.2
$43,193.7
$62,632.7
$72,949.1
$77,860.8
$81,211.4
$84,449.0
$83,576.1
$76,520.2
$188,935.7
$35,456.6
California $244.8
$7,092.0
$7,970.5
$8,159.7
$8,620.4
$9,068.7
$7,504.0
$6,356.0
$6,614.0
$6,078.5
$10,535.2
$14,245.7
$7,210.8
Caribbean $52.5
$66.7
$64.7
$80.2
$92.7
$109.2
$230.7
$175.1
$332.3
$516.7
$725.0
$754.8
$666.1
Colorado $157.0
$12,997.6
$21,565.9
$24,423.2
$26,467.4
$27,920.6
$26,164.9
$26,703.2
$25,302.6
$27,158.4
$32,405.7
$32,403.6
$16,954.8
Connecticut $41.0
$107.0
$161.3
$225.3
$286.2
$301.1
$506.9
$413.9
$482.5
$513.2
$609.6
$643.3
$960.4
Delaware $38.2
$466.6
$616.4
$896.8
$1,142.3
$1,323.4
$1,510.8
$1,768.9
$1,982.4
$1,866.0
$1,870.3
$2,382.2
$1,640.6
Florida $157.7
$1,802.0
$2,190.6
$2,709.6
$3,096.3
$3,572.7
$3,748.7
$3,696.0
$3,576.7
$4,111.6
$5,458.3
$9,214.8
$7,875.6
Georgia $190.1
$11,613.7
$21,244.3
$28,157.5
$33,976.6
$38,954.5
$43,331.1
$43,985.9
$48,256.6
$52,831.2
$67,123.6
$85,271.3
$23,554.4
Hawaii/Pacific $28.0
$327.2
$219.5
$215.5
$327.2
$325.4
$706.4
$567.3
$496.4
$795.2
$1,935.5
$1,825.7
$2,205.6
Idaho $111.6
$4,809.4
$5,750.4
$6,705.6
$7,014.7
$8,057.0
$6,993.7
$7,197.3
$7,607.0
$7,545.8
$10,075.6
$13,381.2
$8,212.1
Illinois $316.1
$10,664.3
$13,523.8
$18,183.6
$22,490.0
$31,479.2
$35,741.5
$39,542.1
$40,424.1
$41,232.2
$48,768.2
$87,263.0
$30,377.4
Indiana $273.2
$6,346.6
$6,505.4
$7,571.6
$8,288.7
$9,556.8
$9,349.9
$12,939.6
$11,030.9
$12,486.2
$18,730.3
$24,072.3
$14,944.2
Iowa $392.3
$23,039.5
$33,661.7
$40,663.7
$44,007.6
$48,411.5
$43,328.0
$37,050.6
$36,281.2
$38,597.9
$54,688.5
$61,179.1
$25,943.2
Kansas $331.4
$20,086.2
$32,536.5
$44,116.4
$48,962.9
$53,310.6
$50,194.8
$47,715.0
$48,449.3
$46,140.0
$61,791.6
$74,312.1
$21,513.6
Kentucky $322.7
$2,043.8
$2,239.7
$2,994.8
$3,707.2
$3,829.0
$5,086.6
$4,970.7
$5,650.4
$7,395.4
$13,767.7
$18,902.8
$9,275.8
Louisiana $130.9
$6,448.1
$14,408.1
$19,946.9
$23,352.7
$29,569.5
$34,828.4
$35,713.0
$36,960.4
$37,955.7
$58,045.4
$69,897.0
$24,567.2
Maine $40.9
$721.0
$776.6
$775.1
$828.0
$931.5
$915.7
$750.2
$749.7
$850.8
$1,131.7
$1,358.0
$1,036.5
Maryland $85.9
$1,095.2
$1,250.5
$1,193.8
$1,221.5
$1,308.9
$1,387.3
$1,003.5
$1,234.2
$1,483.6
$2,974.6
$2,942.2
$2,239.2
Massachusetts $49.6
$189.3
$142.7
$167.1
$186.1
$252.7
$462.6
$301.7
$381.3
$433.3
$517.9
$1,174.4
$995.8
Michigan $156.2
$5,880.2
$7,151.4
$8,239.0
$9,355.1
$9,265.1
$8,423.9
$7,028.7
$6,832.5
$7,538.6
$16,470.7
$21,166.8
$14,143.5
Minnesota $346.1
$25,544.0
$41,250.7
$59,374.0
$70,894.3
$81,575.0
$85,018.2
$84,082.9
$82,000.8
$80,326.6
$53,161.8
$170,704.8
$25,656.7
Mississippi $179.2
$9,941.5
$15,260.5
$18,842.1
$22,526.9
$28,642.6
$33,276.4
$36,605.4
$44,969.3
$66,476.7
$100,517.8
$171,280.2
$26,830.8
Missouri $482.5
$20,921.8
$26,224.7
$28,269.8
$31,442.8
$34,180.6
$34,739.7
$28,472.6
$29,328.2
$35,836.1
$60,827.2
$66,519.2
$23,628.3
Montana $141.9
$16,624.6
$26,852.6
$31,755.8
$36,387.4
$41,872.4
$42,406.4
$46,459.6
$43,108.7
$44,566.1
$45,034.8
$78,568.7
$29,036.0
Nebraska $231.5
$24,388.5
$36,654.9
$45,681.4
$53,128.0
$61,972.0
$60,449.4
$63,937.4
$61,594.3
$64,371.8
$84,771.9
$97,841.4
$32,705.3
Nevada $41.0
$379.0
$591.5
$973.5
$1,082.7
$1,115.0
$1,312.2
$1,270.5
$936.2
$712.3
$864.4
$1,261.9
$1,068.6
New Hampshire $41.0
$157.5
$101.3
$247.0
$274.8
$287.3
$399.3
$496.0
$687.9
$676.7
$1,335.7
$1,367.8
$1,113.9
New Jersey $39.1
$163.5
$170.3
$264.5
$319.9
$403.9
$591.6
$484.8
$603.2
$619.5
$734.9
$796.2
$1,082.4
New Mexico $140.8
$6,314.9
$12,806.9
$17,304.1
$22,309.8
$27,134.8
$28,289.7
$27,954.3
$26,031.8
$22,198.9
$24,977.8
$33,048.5
$25,510.4
New York $128.7
$4,166.1
$4,206.0
$5,105.3
$5,851.8
$6,503.3
$6,435.7
$6,189.1
$6,759.9
$6,977.0
$8,316.9
$9,986.2
$8,188.2
North Carolina $233.0
$1,846.9
$2,205.8
$3,024.1
$3,405.6
$3,732.2
$4,122.7
$3,259.0
$2,955.1
$3,862.1
$8,871.4
$12,101.8
$10,859.0
North Dakota $147.5
$21,026.5
$34,106.8
$51,030.1
$61,109.2
$71,382.2
$75,143.6
$77,088.5
$74,742.8
$75,246.2
$49,087.9
$148,832.6
$30,069.7
Ohio $248.3
$4,344.6
$4,443.7
$4,485.3
$5,886.3
$6,941.9
$6,802.2
$6,575.9
$7,653.6
$8,417.8
$11,519.2
$14,564.2
$7,879.9
Oklahoma $355.9
$18,621.7
$29,744.3
$38,615.4
$47,798.6
$57,849.6
$61,221.8
$61,187.3
$61,339.5
$58,801.8
$77,431.8
$68,526.7
$23,956.6
Oregon $151.6
$8,632.8
$12,733.0
$14,703.2
$15,779.8
$20,511.7
$22,676.1
$26,272.3
$27,741.5
$29,226.7
$36,543.6
$52,939.5
$20,123.6
Pennsylvania $254.4
$5,603.0
$5,467.8
$6,321.3
$7,133.6
$7,528.2
$7,743.1
$7,521.7
$7,796.5
$8,655.4
$12,483.4
$15,633.6
$10,956.1
Rhode Island $33.7
$72.5
$114.2
$139.0
$169.1
$188.8
$222.6
$234.9
$315.0
$409.6
$436.2
$819.3
$981.9
South Carolina $123.6
$4,348.5
$4,954.7
$5,308.7
$5,653.9
$6,110.8
$7,126.5
$7,396.5
$7,618.9
$9,458.0
$16,006.8
$19,647.1
$17,279.0
South Dakota $184.0
$16,331.0
$29,310.1
$38,442.3
$50,302.6
$66,134.4
$75,750.8
$93,175.1
$95,384.3
$94,631.8
$73,423.9
$203,368.6
$39,067.2
Tennessee $401.0
$3,794.3
$3,382.6
$3,974.8
$4,816.7
$6,441.1
$7,360.3
$7,170.6
$7,438.8
$8,322.8
$16,430.7
$21,589.4
$16,990.1
Texas $766.6
$19,257.1
$21,347.0
$29,529.2
$35,522.4
$37,269.4
$35,635.2
$40,605.1
$35,360.9
$34,414.0
$81,200.1
$72,896.4
$27,200.3
Utah $46.4
$2,066.8
$2,548.0
$3,034.4
$4,210.1
$5,594.8
$5,800.1
$7,678.3
$6,447.3
$7,176.9
$11,756.1
$14,756.2
$9,041.3
Vermont $40.7
$126.6
$88.2
$99.0
$124.2
$188.8
$323.5
$288.9
$403.6
$450.7
$1,150.5
$1,296.6
$1,620.3
Virginia $91.1
$4,243.4
$4,849.2
$6,156.9
$6,937.5
$7,085.8
$7,537.5
$6,877.6
$6,834.4
$7,695.1
$13,514.7
$17,793.3
$13,337.2
Washington $97.6
$6,713.0
$12,274.6
$14,509.3
$17,026.2
$19,897.4
$21,785.3
$23,258.6
$23,139.1
$23,129.0
$25,268.1
$39,282.8
$16,426.2
West Virginia $147.9
$1,482.9
$2,194.8
$2,189.0
$2,308.0
$2,995.8
$3,850.9
$2,277.5
$2,494.5
$4,007.0
$5,325.9
$7,408.2
$5,778.5
Wisconsin $272.7
$8,672.7
$12,494.2
$15,375.9
$16,869.8
$20,796.7
$23,781.8
$21,154.8
$22,692.6
$28,654.0
$47,221.3
$54,952.2
$27,138.6
Wyoming $101.9
$4,987.6
$7,545.1
$8,458.1
$8,989.2
$9,645.3
$8,175.0
$9,840.4
$7,151.0
$6,722.8
$8,406.2
$7,409.6
$3,908.2
Other $226.3
$9,474.7
$14,596.0
$14,348.8
$22,057.4
$29,435.3
$55,200.2
$57,700.5
$61,654.4
$72,732.8
$54,961.2
$79,763.5
$132,495.7
Total $9,378.2
$389,813.0
$577,803.7
$741,619.9
$882,547.8
$1,030,870.7
$1,095,878.8
$1,129,295.4
$1,134,534.4
$1,197,294.0
$1,439,193.4
$2,219,428.9
$862,824.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2021 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

CSP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Alabama $203.1
$1,343.7
$928.9
$735.5
$1,090.7
$1,017.6
$2,179.1
$1,956.6
$1,686.9
$1,958.2
$2,819.1
$2,640.7
$2,497.5
Alaska $41.0
$81.6
$209.3
$203.3
$194.7
$335.3
$675.1
$819.2
$475.5
$540.3
$634.9
$697.7
$432.4
Arizona $66.8
$195.7
$454.0
$408.9
$370.7
$817.6
$941.2
$2,757.4
$1,184.8
$1,157.9
$1,187.1
$1,368.0
$1,110.2
Arkansas $251.3
$1,541.5
$1,443.2
$2,048.7
$4,122.6
$3,271.2
$6,783.7
$6,150.4
$11,891.8
$8,335.6
$11,112.9
$10,243.1
$6,906.6
California $244.8
$1,116.8
$943.0
$899.1
$942.7
$1,197.5
$2,608.1
$2,144.3
$2,251.5
$2,077.1
$2,442.5
$3,543.6
$2,664.2
Caribbean $52.5
$47.6
$46.1
$63.6
$76.5
$93.0
$230.7
$175.1
$223.4
$328.8
$337.4
$264.2
$352.6
Colorado $157.0
$1,251.5
$2,068.7
$1,700.3
$2,385.8
$2,382.8
$5,029.6
$7,189.3
$4,470.7
$5,141.8
$4,643.5
$4,268.5
$3,547.1
Connecticut $41.0
$54.1
$60.3
$38.8
$98.6
$113.8
$310.2
$248.4
$332.5
$338.3
$372.2
$341.6
$378.1
Delaware $38.2
$116.7
$89.1
$86.7
$96.1
$135.6
$238.7
$273.7
$479.7
$427.5
$363.6
$449.4
$427.0
Florida $157.7
$585.9
$332.5
$478.5
$555.2
$704.6
$1,371.2
$1,308.3
$940.2
$1,243.8
$1,330.4
$1,820.8
$1,590.8
Georgia $190.1
$1,368.1
$1,003.3
$1,328.8
$3,816.2
$2,209.8
$4,047.5
$3,581.2
$5,724.9
$5,454.8
$6,079.3
$8,253.9
$5,411.4
Hawaii/Pacific $28.0
$221.3
$95.7
$89.3
$201.0
$194.5
$680.6
$537.6
$488.7
$577.0
$683.2
$774.8
$835.0
Idaho $111.6
$666.3
$508.1
$502.9
$491.3
$883.7
$1,457.9
$1,317.6
$1,669.5
$1,225.2
$1,705.5
$1,979.0
$2,170.8
Illinois $316.1
$1,967.5
$1,221.4
$1,268.2
$1,976.4
$2,696.7
$4,487.0
$4,686.2
$5,813.1
$5,385.0
$7,760.3
$7,691.7
$6,114.7
Indiana $273.2
$1,133.8
$612.9
$660.1
$665.7
$884.9
$1,555.8
$4,477.4
$2,130.1
$2,293.3
$2,969.9
$3,217.8
$3,164.9
Iowa $392.3
$2,783.9
$2,921.5
$3,322.6
$3,188.7
$3,710.5
$6,729.4
$5,071.9
$5,603.2
$6,538.2
$8,841.2
$8,274.8
$5,864.2
Kansas $331.4
$2,085.6
$2,238.3
$2,691.8
$2,333.4
$3,316.8
$6,033.7
$5,707.0
$8,667.3
$6,231.4
$6,031.8
$7,904.6
$4,642.6
Kentucky $322.7
$1,115.2
$465.5
$552.4
$577.6
$588.1
$1,570.7
$946.6
$1,227.5
$1,771.3
$2,524.1
$2,658.4
$2,479.2
Louisiana $130.9
$893.3
$903.7
$1,170.1
$1,680.6
$1,958.2
$3,826.8
$4,286.9
$5,675.9
$5,228.6
$5,089.3
$6,266.4
$4,467.3
Maine $40.9
$192.6
$174.1
$156.1
$138.3
$257.9
$500.4
$410.1
$388.2
$442.3
$455.2
$462.0
$472.7
Maryland $85.9
$353.3
$232.5
$143.0
$126.2
$191.1
$589.8
$370.2
$504.7
$564.4
$562.6
$634.4
$990.1
Massachusetts $49.6
$131.2
$71.0
$96.2
$116.7
$176.9
$412.9
$255.6
$294.2
$294.7
$311.5
$329.8
$425.4
Michigan $156.2
$1,201.9
$820.0
$925.6
$1,587.3
$1,121.8
$2,364.6
$1,481.0
$1,427.7
$1,869.8
$2,598.0
$3,186.2
$3,110.7
Minnesota $346.1
$4,166.6
$3,548.1
$3,033.6
$5,232.0
$4,688.8
$10,697.4
$8,657.5
$11,836.3
$8,702.2
$9,575.4
$12,678.7
$7,245.7
Mississippi $179.2
$961.5
$719.1
$814.2
$949.0
$1,311.9
$3,505.0
$3,087.7
$5,127.8
$4,928.5
$10,865.9
$8,086.5
$5,238.8
Missouri $482.5
$4,364.4
$3,348.8
$2,567.5
$3,553.2
$3,384.7
$8,960.3
$4,658.4
$4,619.9
$6,816.2
$8,994.9
$9,136.1
$6,323.4
Montana $141.9
$1,558.1
$2,745.2
$2,499.0
$3,120.8
$3,546.2
$6,099.3
$10,607.6
$7,370.8
$6,750.5
$8,380.1
$10,267.5
$8,051.6
Nebraska $231.5
$4,236.0
$3,776.7
$3,553.4
$3,366.0
$4,967.0
$8,157.4
$13,639.9
$10,824.5
$10,391.7
$11,552.5
$12,323.1
$12,290.1
Nevada $41.0
$78.9
$83.9
$109.7
$131.0
$194.9
$432.5
$541.7
$461.7
$412.9
$419.9
$429.1
$522.0
New Hampshire $41.0
$110.9
$54.2
$132.9
$117.8
$132.9
$224.2
$309.0
$436.0
$351.0
$412.5
$525.7
$575.6
New Jersey $39.1
$92.3
$56.9
$67.6
$87.6
$130.7
$312.6
$222.1
$359.1
$382.2
$394.8
$394.7
$443.6
New Mexico $140.8
$902.2
$2,147.9
$2,399.4
$2,834.0
$3,354.0
$4,197.6
$5,682.6
$5,617.2
$5,380.2
$6,460.2
$6,320.4
$5,380.3
New York $128.7
$878.4
$436.3
$401.7
$540.6
$692.2
$1,484.3
$1,070.7
$1,395.6
$1,452.3
$1,788.0
$1,731.7
$2,121.8
North Carolina $233.0
$792.8
$322.1
$361.3
$504.6
$583.5
$1,676.8
$997.6
$928.9
$1,164.4
$1,345.4
$1,733.8
$2,553.2
North Dakota $147.5
$1,539.8
$2,088.5
$2,893.9
$2,522.3
$3,453.8
$6,518.5
$9,566.4
$9,152.2
$8,306.9
$9,164.6
$8,984.8
$12,605.0
Ohio $248.3
$1,330.9
$692.9
$512.2
$794.1
$908.9
$1,653.9
$1,290.4
$1,532.5
$2,050.7
$2,498.9
$2,663.0
$2,729.0
Oklahoma $355.9
$2,445.8
$2,727.1
$2,782.0
$3,057.8
$4,673.8
$7,174.4
$8,230.0
$8,257.4
$10,813.9
$11,226.2
$11,824.4
$8,236.8
Oregon $151.6
$1,081.1
$1,583.5
$1,239.8
$1,044.0
$1,795.2
$3,645.5
$6,400.8
$4,828.9
$4,547.9
$4,894.4
$6,548.6
$4,380.0
Pennsylvania $254.4
$1,628.7
$604.4
$685.7
$850.4
$978.8
$2,146.6
$1,758.9
$1,729.4
$2,057.9
$1,995.1
$2,613.0
$2,959.5
Rhode Island $33.7
$26.2
$65.6
$77.7
$108.5
$120.6
$199.4
$160.9
$198.0
$267.7
$243.2
$284.9
$347.1
South Carolina $123.6
$925.3
$693.4
$550.1
$605.2
$832.5
$1,873.9
$1,636.3
$1,375.8
$2,347.4
$1,883.6
$2,740.3
$2,963.8
South Dakota $184.0
$1,457.3
$2,913.4
$2,626.2
$3,529.1
$4,610.2
$5,594.2
$16,188.8
$14,923.0
$12,618.9
$17,461.3
$16,555.9
$15,042.2
Tennessee $401.0
$1,666.5
$606.9
$515.4
$687.1
$1,005.1
$1,975.1
$1,503.4
$1,526.3
$1,761.6
$2,586.0
$2,757.5
$3,691.0
Texas $766.6
$4,071.3
$2,489.0
$3,398.5
$4,927.2
$4,392.9
$6,648.1
$11,524.5
$8,469.4
$7,478.9
$9,350.2
$9,246.8
$9,266.2
Utah $46.4
$328.2
$418.9
$421.2
$477.3
$915.2
$1,606.8
$2,722.0
$1,252.4
$1,957.9
$2,092.6
$2,470.4
$2,745.9
Vermont $40.7
$91.2
$54.0
$64.1
$79.6
$140.4
$294.0
$240.7
$314.5
$345.0
$339.4
$482.9
$595.4
Virginia $91.1
$930.4
$441.0
$531.2
$871.7
$781.8
$1,649.5
$1,167.5
$1,334.9
$1,384.6
$1,533.6
$2,324.4
$2,763.8
Washington $97.6
$704.7
$878.1
$818.3
$671.9
$1,283.0
$2,236.4
$3,852.1
$3,859.3
$3,204.9
$3,450.7
$3,585.2
$4,091.2
West Virginia $147.9
$702.5
$762.1
$483.7
$392.7
$877.5
$2,028.8
$783.1
$733.4
$1,805.2
$1,851.4
$1,756.4
$1,859.3
Wisconsin $272.7
$2,022.5
$1,690.8
$1,686.9
$1,648.1
$2,550.1
$5,513.4
$3,114.1
$3,605.6
$6,121.6
$8,251.4
$8,593.2
$8,821.1
Wyoming $101.9
$396.8
$1,280.4
$920.4
$830.8
$1,168.6
$1,648.1
$4,063.1
$1,878.4
$1,986.5
$2,310.8
$2,421.1
$1,436.9
Other $226.3
$9,474.7
$14,596.0
$14,348.8
$22,057.4
$29,435.3
$55,200.2
$57,679.2
$61,673.4
$72,726.5
$54,969.9
$79,762.4
$132,494.3
Total $9,378.2
$69,415.1
$69,668.1
$70,066.6
$92,424.8
$111,170.5
$207,978.8
$237,509.0
$239,174.8
$247,941.4
$267,148.4
$306,513.9
$327,830.1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2021 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

CSP Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Alabama
$4,087.3
$5,133.2
$5,815.7
$6,228.2
$6,186.6
$5,422.2
$5,436.1
$5,769.3
$6,710.6
$13,707.2
$16,405.9
$15,484.6
Alaska
$1,329.6
$1,384.0
$1,404.6
$1,437.3
$1,750.2
$790.9
$789.3
$796.2
$777.0
$743.2
$305.7
$415.7
Arizona
$4,003.3
$5,843.3
$6,870.5
$6,851.3
$6,849.8
$4,416.2
$2,930.3
$2,344.1
$2,267.4
$4,374.1
$1,728.4
$3,180.7
Arkansas
$11,185.9
$21,908.0
$41,145.0
$58,510.1
$69,678.0
$71,077.1
$75,061.0
$72,557.3
$75,240.5
$65,407.3
$178,692.6
$28,550.0
California
$5,975.2
$7,027.5
$7,260.6
$7,677.7
$7,871.2
$4,895.8
$4,211.6
$4,362.5
$4,001.4
$8,092.7
$10,702.1
$4,546.6
Caribbean
$19.1
$18.6
$16.6
$16.2
$16.2


$108.9
$187.9
$387.6
$490.6
$313.5
Colorado
$11,746.1
$19,497.2
$22,723.0
$24,081.6
$25,537.8
$21,135.3
$19,513.9
$20,831.9
$22,016.6
$27,762.2
$28,135.1
$13,407.7
Connecticut
$52.9
$101.0
$186.6
$187.6
$187.3
$196.7
$165.5
$150.0
$174.9
$237.4
$301.7
$582.3
Delaware
$349.9
$527.3
$810.1
$1,046.2
$1,187.8
$1,272.2
$1,495.2
$1,502.7
$1,438.5
$1,506.7
$1,932.8
$1,213.6
Florida
$1,216.1
$1,858.1
$2,231.1
$2,541.1
$2,868.0
$2,377.6
$2,387.8
$2,636.5
$2,867.8
$4,127.9
$7,394.0
$6,284.8
Georgia
$10,245.6
$20,241.0
$26,828.8
$30,160.4
$36,744.7
$39,283.6
$40,404.8
$42,531.7
$47,376.4
$61,044.3
$77,017.4
$18,143.0
Hawaii/Pacific
$105.9
$123.9
$126.2
$126.2
$130.8
$25.8
$29.8
$7.7
$218.2
$1,252.3
$1,050.9
$1,370.6
Idaho
$4,143.0
$5,242.3
$6,202.7
$6,523.4
$7,173.4
$5,535.8
$5,879.7
$5,937.5
$6,320.6
$8,370.1
$11,402.2
$6,041.3
Illinois
$8,696.7
$12,302.4
$16,915.5
$20,513.6
$28,782.5
$31,254.6
$34,855.9
$34,611.1
$35,847.2
$41,007.9
$79,571.3
$24,262.7
Indiana
$5,212.8
$5,892.5
$6,911.5
$7,623.0
$8,671.9
$7,794.1
$8,462.2
$8,900.7
$10,192.9
$15,760.4
$20,854.5
$11,779.3
Iowa
$20,255.6
$30,740.2
$37,341.1
$40,818.9
$44,701.0
$36,598.5
$31,978.6
$30,678.0
$32,059.7
$45,847.3
$52,904.3
$20,079.0
Kansas
$18,000.6
$30,298.1
$41,424.6
$46,629.5
$49,993.8
$44,161.1
$42,007.9
$39,782.0
$39,908.6
$55,759.8
$66,407.5
$16,871.0
Kentucky
$928.5
$1,774.2
$2,442.4
$3,129.6
$3,240.9
$3,515.9
$4,024.1
$4,422.9
$5,624.1
$11,243.6
$16,244.4
$6,796.6
Louisiana
$5,554.7
$13,504.5
$18,776.8
$21,672.1
$27,611.3
$31,001.6
$31,426.1
$31,284.4
$32,727.1
$52,956.1
$63,630.6
$20,099.9
Maine
$528.4
$602.4
$618.9
$689.7
$673.7
$415.3
$340.1
$361.5
$408.5
$676.5
$896.0
$563.8
Maryland
$741.9
$1,018.0
$1,050.8
$1,095.3
$1,117.8
$797.5
$633.4
$729.5
$919.2
$2,412.0
$2,307.8
$1,249.1
Massachusetts
$58.1
$71.7
$70.9
$69.4
$75.9
$49.7
$46.1
$87.1
$138.6
$206.4
$844.6
$570.4
Michigan
$4,678.3
$6,331.4
$7,313.4
$7,767.8
$8,143.2
$6,059.3
$5,547.6
$5,404.8
$5,668.8
$13,872.7
$17,980.6
$11,032.8
Minnesota
$21,377.3
$37,702.6
$56,340.4
$65,662.3
$76,886.2
$74,320.8
$75,425.4
$70,164.6
$71,624.4
$43,586.4
$158,026.1
$18,411.0
Mississippi
$8,980.1
$14,541.5
$18,027.9
$21,577.9
$27,330.7
$29,771.3
$33,517.7
$39,841.5
$61,548.2
$89,651.9
$163,193.7
$21,592.0
Missouri
$16,557.5
$22,875.9
$25,702.3
$27,889.6
$30,795.9
$25,779.3
$23,814.2
$24,708.2
$29,019.9
$51,832.3
$57,383.1
$17,304.9
Montana
$15,066.5
$24,107.4
$29,256.8
$33,266.6
$38,326.2
$36,307.1
$35,851.9
$35,737.9
$37,815.6
$36,654.7
$68,301.2
$20,984.4
Nebraska
$20,152.5
$32,878.2
$42,128.0
$49,762.0
$57,005.0
$52,292.0
$50,297.5
$50,769.7
$53,980.1
$73,219.4
$85,518.3
$20,415.2
Nevada
$300.1
$507.6
$863.8
$951.7
$920.1
$879.6
$728.8
$474.5
$299.4
$444.5
$832.8
$546.6
New Hampshire
$46.7
$47.1
$114.0
$157.0
$154.4
$175.1
$187.0
$251.9
$325.7
$923.2
$842.1
$538.3
New Jersey
$71.2
$113.5
$196.9
$232.3
$273.2
$279.0
$262.8
$244.1
$237.3
$340.1
$401.5
$638.8
New Mexico
$5,412.8
$10,659.0
$14,904.6
$19,475.8
$23,780.8
$24,092.1
$22,271.7
$20,414.6
$16,818.7
$18,517.6
$26,728.1
$20,130.1
New York
$3,287.6
$3,769.7
$4,703.6
$5,311.2
$5,811.2
$4,951.4
$5,118.4
$5,364.3
$5,524.7
$6,528.9
$8,254.5
$6,066.4
North Carolina
$1,054.1
$1,883.7
$2,662.7
$2,901.0
$3,148.7
$2,445.9
$2,261.4
$2,026.3
$2,697.7
$7,526.0
$10,368.0
$8,305.8
North Dakota
$19,486.7
$32,018.3
$48,136.2
$58,586.9
$67,928.4
$68,625.1
$67,522.1
$65,590.6
$66,939.3
$39,923.3
$139,847.8
$17,464.7
Ohio
$3,013.7
$3,750.8
$3,973.1
$5,092.2
$6,033.0
$5,148.3
$5,285.5
$6,121.0
$6,367.1
$9,020.3
$11,901.2
$5,150.9
Oklahoma
$16,175.9
$27,017.2
$35,833.5
$44,740.8
$53,175.9
$54,047.4
$52,957.4
$53,082.1
$47,987.9
$66,205.6
$56,702.3
$15,719.8
Oregon
$7,551.7
$11,149.5
$13,463.5
$14,735.8
$18,716.4
$19,030.6
$19,871.4
$22,912.6
$24,678.8
$31,649.2
$46,390.9
$15,743.6
Pennsylvania
$3,974.2
$4,863.5
$5,635.6
$6,283.2
$6,549.4
$5,596.5
$5,762.9
$6,067.1
$6,597.5
$10,488.3
$13,020.6
$7,996.6
Rhode Island
$46.3
$48.6
$61.3
$60.6
$68.2
$23.1
$74.0
$117.0
$141.9
$193.0
$534.4
$634.8
South Carolina
$3,423.1
$4,261.3
$4,758.7
$5,048.7
$5,278.3
$5,252.6
$5,760.3
$6,243.1
$7,110.6
$14,123.2
$16,906.8
$14,315.2
South Dakota
$14,873.7
$26,396.8
$35,816.1
$46,773.5
$61,524.2
$70,156.6
$76,986.3
$80,461.3
$82,012.9
$55,962.6
$186,812.7
$24,025.0
Tennessee
$2,127.8
$2,775.7
$3,459.4
$4,129.6
$5,436.0
$5,385.2
$5,667.1
$5,912.5
$6,561.2
$13,844.7
$18,831.9
$13,299.1
Texas
$15,185.8
$18,858.0
$26,130.7
$30,595.2
$32,876.5
$28,987.1
$29,080.7
$26,891.4
$26,935.1
$71,849.9
$63,649.6
$17,934.1
Utah
$1,738.6
$2,129.1
$2,613.2
$3,732.8
$4,679.6
$4,193.3
$4,956.3
$5,194.9
$5,219.0
$9,663.5
$12,285.8
$6,295.4
Vermont
$35.5
$34.3
$34.9
$44.6
$48.3
$29.5
$48.2
$89.1
$105.7
$811.1
$813.7
$1,024.9
Virginia
$3,313.0
$4,408.3
$5,625.7
$6,065.8
$6,303.9
$5,888.0
$5,710.1
$5,499.4
$6,310.5
$11,981.1
$15,468.9
$10,573.4
Washington
$6,008.3
$11,396.6
$13,691.0
$16,354.3
$18,614.4
$19,548.9
$19,406.5
$19,279.8
$19,924.1
$21,817.4
$35,697.6
$12,335.0
West Virginia
$780.4
$1,432.8
$1,705.3
$1,915.3
$2,118.4
$1,822.1
$1,494.4
$1,761.1
$2,201.8
$3,474.5
$5,651.8
$3,919.2
Wisconsin
$6,650.2
$10,803.5
$13,688.9
$15,221.7
$18,246.6
$18,268.4
$18,040.7
$19,087.0
$22,532.4
$38,969.9
$46,359.0
$18,317.5
Wyoming
$4,590.8
$6,264.8
$7,537.7
$8,158.4
$8,476.7
$6,526.8
$5,777.3
$5,272.6
$4,736.3
$6,095.4
$4,988.5
$2,471.3
Other






$21.3
$-19.0
$6.3
$-8.7
$1.1
$1.4
Total
$320,397.9
$508,135.7
$671,553.3
$790,123.0
$919,700.2
$887,900.0
$891,786.3
$895,359.5
$949,352.6
$1,172,045.0
$1,912,915.0
$534,994.4
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2021 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Through the Conservation Stewardship Program, conservation practices, CSP bundles, and CSP practice enhancements (also referred to as conservation “activities”) are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for fiscal years FY 2017-FY 2021.

For brevity, conservation practices, bundles, and enhancements are referred to collectively as “practices”. To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP Enhancements and Bundles

This RCA release uses an updated field definition. Heretofore the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD) Land Unit Id was used to represent fields wherever estimates of unique acres treated were required. This identifier is found in the planning land unit database layer. However, since conservation plans are often updated as producers’ conservation decisions evolve over time, there can be multiple land unit identifiers associated with the same field in NPAD. This can result in overestimating the number of fields and the associated unique acres. The Resource Analytics Lab has used GIS to develop a shape based algorithm to eliminate the overcounting of fields by selecting the single best shape out of the multiple shape based identifiers associated with the same field.

As practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices, bundles, and enhancements are measured in acres and most are applied in amounts that match the land unit acres of the field. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the CSP contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Cropland Soil Health, Fish & Wildlife Habitat, Forest Land Conservation, Grazing Land Conservation, Irrigation Efficiency, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2021

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Buffer Bundle#1 B000BFF1

147
1


25
4


Conservation Cover 327 5,083
52
6,117
120
17,954
371
18,897
376
52,328
1,386
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 861
13
23,171
726
57,944
1,012
45,466
1,317
54,974
1,653
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 49,830
555
141,596
2,122
155,911
2,174
234,256
3,965
344,711
7,120
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 47,795
757
334,898
5,166
424,983
7,670
703,330
15,378
819,537
19,418
Controlled Traffic Farming 334



2,873
72
4,902
129
12,725
349
Controlled Traffic Farming - Enhancements E334



110,595
1,630
194,052
2,865
98,179
1,647
Cover Crop 340 46,978
703
164,591
2,933
225,138
4,050
369,917
7,725
445,534
10,249
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 68,883
1,061
316,399
6,124
447,475
10,662
763,771
21,138
798,665
23,254
Critical Area Planting 342 334
2
5,924
55
10,107
114
5,995
81
10,054
118
Crop Bundle #18 - Precision Ag B000CPL18





963
16
3,585
105
Crop Bundle #19 - Soil Health Precision Ag B000CPL19





5,929
227
12,329
497
Crop Bundle #20 - Soil Health Assessment B000CPL20





4,048
71
7,266
74
Crop Bundle #22 - Erosion Bundle (Organic) B000CPL22





202
3
552
8
Crop Bundle#1 - Precision Ag, No till B000CPL1 555
4
77
1
3,257
51
3,399
42
643
10
Crop Bundle#2 - Precision Ag, Reduced till B000CPL2

817
14
1,954
20
3,353
46
1,615
23
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3 85
2
1,044
13
1,176
17
2,804
38
3,303
40
Crop Bundle#4 - Soil health rotation, Reduced till B000CPL4 679
11
1,122
18
1,330
22
1,470
24
679
11
Crop Bundle#5 - Soil Health Assessment, No till B000CPL5 502
6
2,829
37
5,084
130
3,473
79
3,914
95
Crop Bundle#6 - Soil Health Assessment, Reduced till B000CPL6 2,535
26
3,789
43
9,878
117
1,679
27
3,108
36
Crop Bundle#7 - Soil Health -"Organic" B000CPL7





19
7
19
7
Deep Tillage 324 347
21
205
7
1,179
17
2,273
21
466
4
Field Border 386 233
4
8,461
131
10,551
141
9,596
143
23,295
388
Field Border - Enhancements E386 691
8
21,779
494
23,563
412
18,259
331
23,031
398
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 557
11
6,923
112
13,242
244
12,994
381
23,366
564
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 17
4
12,203
225
23,580
397
12,047
360
17,195
355
Grade Stabilization Structure 410

76
2
56
2
108
3
265
8
Grassed Waterway 412

570
11
3,401
38
5,321
54
3,555
47
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 129,811
1,652
566,806
8,416
796,721
10,794
1,087,566
19,339
1,428,322
24,201
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595 441,554
12,045
1,999,778
44,257
2,033,489
33,784
4,040,170
90,457
4,435,750
99,190
Irrigation Water Management 449 5,417
26
24,218
613
39,464
844
74,511
1,666
103,503
2,244
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449 1,762
16
39,044
653
85,679
1,447
144,307
2,959
147,385
2,869
MRBI Bundle#1 - Irrigated Cropland B000MRB1

4,128
54
9,396
140
9,731
144
10,117
147
MRBI Bundle#2 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #1 B000MRB2

5,910
212
7,316
171
9,276
242
8,141
198
MRBI Bundle#3 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #2 B000MRB3

1,059
67
780
11
2,047
84
985
16
MRBI Bundle#4 - Cropland with Water Bodies, No till B000MRB4

139
2


139
2
199
2
Mulching 484



419
5
5,414
68
2,966
68
Mulching - Enhancements E484 6
1
1,947
69
18
4
1,186
8
3,442
97
Non-Irrigated Cropland (MRBI) B000CPL13





1,070
6
2,574
23
Non-Irrigated Cropland with Water Bodies (MRBI) B000CPL16





201
1
201
1
Non-Irrigated Precision Ag (MRBI) B000CPL12





1,269
43
1,161
27
Nutrient Management 590 39,471
556
299,471
3,898
443,963
5,736
576,047
9,743
858,869
15,321
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 59,390
1,031
1,275,860
24,989
1,648,385
28,455
3,337,277
73,188
3,580,475
79,447
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 61
1
226
4






Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 24,342
314
87,556
1,131
90,077
1,398
102,099
2,544
282,037
5,568
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345 10,669
495
477,086
12,376
596,092
12,552
1,559,440
40,795
1,632,675
45,975
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 13,976
108
48,170
722
58,745
1,195
121,305
2,635
232,128
5,683
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 10,075
159
110,243
2,679
204,425
5,571
307,039
8,537
361,204
9,825
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 399
1


23
3
5,966
11
2,000
66
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391



35
3
709
12
371
11
Subsurface Drain 606





60
1
59
1
Toxic Salt Reduction 610

4,059
56
9,174
114
1,917
16
3,782
30
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 71
1
159
2
273
4
139
1
909
18
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650



4
1
6
2
28
1
YEAR 1 Irrigated Cropland (MRBI/Ogallala) B000CPL10





401
10


YEAR 2+ Irrigated Cropland (MRBI/Ogallala) B000CPL11





358
5
1,428
20
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP Enhancements and Bundles

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 572,781
19,646
2,890,689
118,555
3,315,264
131,595
5,418,861
307,370
6,050,076
358,913
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability. This measure is intended as a step-wise measure to show progress towards implementing a Soil Health Management System (SHMS). A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Also at least two eligible conservation practices or an eligible Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) bundle must be applied during the fiscal year. Eligible conservation practices are those that indicate progress toward a SHMS and include: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till and Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles count as two eligible practices.

The following CSP reports summarize where CSP was responsible for funding all practices required to meet the performance measure. The performance measure, however, can be satisfied by the application of eligible practices under more than one program (e.g., CSP and EQIP). To see the overall contribution of CSP-funded practices to fulfilling the requirements of the measure, please see the Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year, Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices table in the National Conservation Profile found in the National Reports page of the RCA Data Viewer. See National Conservation Profile report.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2014-2021

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 13,779
143
47,162
487
63,007
842
105,858
1,960
197,257
4,646
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 13,480
197
98,366
1,527
142,195
2,973
298,406
7,641
411,503
10,556
Cover Crop 340 13,379
191
49,857
736
60,775
1,076
133,512
2,416
165,590
3,802
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 16,270
236
109,213
2,066
168,892
4,591
331,670
9,817
304,733
10,379
Crop Bundle #18 - Precision Ag B000CPL18





963
16
3,585
105
Crop Bundle #19 - Soil Health Precision Ag B000CPL19





5,929
227
12,329
497
Crop Bundle #20 - Soil Health Assessment B000CPL20





4,048
71
7,266
74
Crop Bundle #22 - Erosion Bundle (Organic) B000CPL22





202
3
552
8
Crop Bundle#1 - Precision Ag, No till B000CPL1 555
4
77
1
3,257
51
3,399
42
643
10
Crop Bundle#2 - Precision Ag, Reduced till B000CPL2

817
14
1,954
20
3,353
46
1,615
23
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3 85
2
1,044
13
1,176
17
2,804
38
3,303
40
Crop Bundle#4 - Soil health rotation, Reduced till B000CPL4 679
11
1,122
18
1,330
22
1,470
24
679
11
Crop Bundle#5 - Soil Health Assessment, No till B000CPL5 502
6
2,829
37
5,085
130
3,473
79
3,914
95
Crop Bundle#6 - Soil Health Assessment, Reduced till B000CPL6 2,535
26
3,789
43
9,878
117
1,679
27
3,108
36
MRBI Bundle#1 - Irrigated Cropland B000MRB1

694
6
1,646
15
1,646
15
1,664
16
MRBI Bundle#2 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #1 B000MRB2

5,910
212
7,316
171
9,276
242
8,141
198
MRBI Bundle#3 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #2 B000MRB3

1,059
67
780
11
2,047
84
985
16
MRBI Bundle#4 - Cropland with Water Bodies, No till B000MRB4

139
2


139
2
199
2
Non-Irrigated Cropland (MRBI) B000CPL13





2
1
150
6
Non-Irrigated Cropland with Water Bodies (MRBI) B000CPL16





201
1
201
1
Non-Irrigated Precision Ag (MRBI) B000CPL12





1,269
43
1,161
27
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 644
12
16,768
204
28,643
471
37,351
1,271
110,863
2,702
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345 1,297
40
60,434
1,435
99,105
2,319
216,326
6,817
353,284
11,083
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 5,987
38
19,016
305
24,852
466
67,861
1,401
106,780
2,657
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 2,597
25
35,115
751
75,560
2,279
131,041
4,451
137,007
4,380
YEAR 2+ Irrigated Cropland (MRBI/Ogallala) B000CPL11





358
5
1,359
18
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP Enhancements and Bundles

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil health practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 25,122
931
170,083
7,924
261,557
15,571
477,903
36,740
636,016
51,388
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS)

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland SHMS or cropland on which a system of practices to sustain or improve soil health was applied during the fiscal year. A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Three eligible core conservation practices must be in place. They are: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till or Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles fulfil the requirements of a Cropland SHMS.

The following CSP reports summarize where CSP was responsible for funding all practices required to meet the performance measure. The performance measure, however, can be satisfied by the application of eligible practices under more than one program (e.g., CSP and EQIP). To see the overall contribution of CSP-funded practices to fulfilling the requirements of the measure, please see the Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year, Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices table in the National Conservation Profile found in the National Reports page of the RCA Data Viewer. See National Conservation Profile report.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2014-2021

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 1,282
17
6,775
60
16,645
263
20,150
459
43,860
1,228
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 1,071
12
11,519
207
29,458
832
73,835
2,256
79,319
2,373
Cover Crop 340 1,696
22
8,237
91
19,861
334
23,517
451
42,894
1,117
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 1,597
20
13,918
243
34,162
877
71,945
2,228
86,230
2,636
Crop Bundle #18 - Precision Ag B000CPL18





963
16
3,585
105
Crop Bundle #19 - Soil Health Precision Ag B000CPL19





685
9
5,285
116
Crop Bundle #20 - Soil Health Assessment B000CPL20





874
12
903
8
Crop Bundle #22 - Erosion Bundle (Organic) B000CPL22





202
3
552
8
Crop Bundle#1 - Precision Ag, No till B000CPL1 555
4
77
1
3,257
51
3,399
42
643
10
Crop Bundle#2 - Precision Ag, Reduced till B000CPL2

817
14
1,954
20
3,353
46
1,615
23
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3 28
1
112
1
442
4
770
6
2,456
30
Crop Bundle#4 - Soil health rotation, Reduced till B000CPL4

138
1






Crop Bundle#5 - Soil Health Assessment, No till B000CPL5 404
4
981
9
1,326
12
1,435
11
570
6
Crop Bundle#6 - Soil Health Assessment, Reduced till B000CPL6 1,055
12
1,449
19
2,656
36
1,015
16


MRBI Bundle#1 - Irrigated Cropland B000MRB1







18
1
MRBI Bundle#2 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #1 B000MRB2

33
1
780
11
794
13
824
12
MRBI Bundle#3 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #2 B000MRB3



780
11
780
11
780
11
MRBI Bundle#4 - Cropland with Water Bodies, No till B000MRB4

139
2


139
2
41
1
Non-Irrigated Cropland (MRBI) B000CPL13







150
6
Non-Irrigated Precision Ag (MRBI) B000CPL12





894
27
448
6
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 275
6
1,618
19
5,301
111
6,609
153
30,025
865
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345 174
5
3,641
89
10,932
286
23,285
594
60,670
1,906
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 380
5
4,555
41
11,849
196
14,813
299
21,164
453
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 214
2
8,852
163
18,534
529
45,738
1,641
23,171
742
YEAR 2+ Irrigated Cropland (MRBI/Ogallala) B000CPL11





358
5
358
5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP Enhancements and Bundles

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland SHMS were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with SHMS practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Cropland SHMS Practices
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 2,393
110
15,753
961
44,928
3,573
75,007
8,300
92,953
11,668
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish & wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish & wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2021

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 470
13
7,258
27
9,527
39
5,517
51
13,110
81
Access Control - Enhancements E472 3,648
5
12,347
81
27,167
104
44,749
116
19,186
87
Buffer Bundle#1 B000BFF1

147
1


25
4
9
1
Conservation Cover 327 5,149
69
17,560
433
28,660
750
26,442
812
71,999
2,302
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 963
23
48,384
1,565
104,888
2,149
116,248
3,309
113,816
3,083
Crop Bundle #19 - Soil Health Precision Ag B000CPL19





5,929
227
12,329
497
Crop Bundle #20 - Soil Health Assessment B000CPL20





4,048
71
7,266
74
Crop Bundle #22 - Erosion Bundle (Organic) B000CPL22





202
3
552
8
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3 85
2
1,044
13
1,176
17
2,804
38
3,303
40
Crop Bundle#4 - Soil health rotation, Reduced till B000CPL4 679
11
1,122
18
1,330
22
1,470
24
679
11
Crop Bundle#5 - Soil Health Assessment, No till B000CPL5 502
6
2,920
39
5,175
132
3,473
79
4,004
97
Crop Bundle#6 - Soil Health Assessment, Reduced till B000CPL6 2,535
26
3,789
43
9,878
117
1,679
27
3,108
36
Crop Bundle#7 - Soil Health -"Organic" B000CPL7





19
7
19
7
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 998
3
3,422
49
4,074
102
7,596
141
28,470
420
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management - Enhancements E647

2,944
53
11,055
270
97,172
1,558
59,984
1,052
Forest Bundle#1 B000FST1





17,460
83
5,886
23
Grazing Bundle 1 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ1



138
9
1,168
63
4,621
122
Grazing Bundle 2 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ2





28
2


Grazing Bundle 3 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ3







4,547
3
Grazing Bundle 5 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ5





616
19
4,946
40
Hedgerow Planting 422



88
3




Longleaf Pine Bundle#1 B000LLP1





12
1
12
1
Longleaf Pine Bundle#2 B000LLP2

209
7
1,207
21
6,991
116
8,152
121
Longleaf Pine Bundle#3 B000LLP3







403
1
MRBI Bundle#6 - Pastureland B000MRB6

442
29


442
29
442
29
Pasture Bundle 5 B000PST5





262
23
833
23
Pasture Bundle#1 - Organic B000PST1



78
3
78
3
78
3
Range Bundle 4 B000RNG4







14,989
22
Range Bundle#2 B000RNG2



26,233
50
16,093
40
16,093
40
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643



583
3
87
1
335
3
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats - Enhancements E643







40
1
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 399
1
27
4
129
6
6,889
23
3,647
83
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391 447
9
2,362
35
13,474
56
49,951
183
29,542
117
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 107
1
243
5
1,006
10
745
7
2,733
44
Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390 107
1
2,406
44
5,402
44
4,892
30
15,002
90
Shallow Water Development and Management 646

317
7


372
9
31,128
297
Shallow Water Development and Management - Enhancements E646 31
1
47,950
1,091
98,872
1,635
258,363
4,121
137,966
2,155
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395



3
1


2
1
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management - Enhancements E395

1,000
2
2,168
16
1,961
13
2,951
12
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580







1,167
4
Streambank and Shoreline Protection - Enhancements E580 509
2
1,939
3
7,203
8
3,433
17
5,755
13
Structures for Wildlife 649







162,552
502
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 1,182
12
29,973
436
96,060
772
135,303
1,054
298,890
1,606
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management - Enhancements E645 2,047
12
810
12
73,069
61
9,161
93
27,836
305
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 219
3
195
9
33
7
894
3
1,187
26
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management - Enhancements E644







3,660
43
Wildlife Habitat Planting. 420







4
1
Working Lands for Wildlife Bundle B000WLW

994
32
17,164
66
2,982
96
993
31
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP Enhancements and Bundles

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish & wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 15,286
200
148,527
4,038
425,355
6,473
551,553
12,496
786,131
13,558
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement; thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2021

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472

4
1


65
1
1,310
6
Access Control - Enhancements E472 1,909
1


14,089
3
23,028
4
9,028
4
Brush Management 314 2,069
31
3,785
107
3,260
82
11,330
283
19,428
455
Brush Management - Enhancements E314

2,283
52
11,599
145
23,360
353
26,058
407
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 991
1
2,450
14
3,328
39
5,466
34
11,116
78
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management - Enhancements E647







178
1
Firebreak 394 2,904
31
4,768
16
1,620
39
6,762
72
18,647
147
Forest Bundle#1 B000FST1





17,175
82
5,601
22
Forest Stand Improvement 666 1,331
5
12,926
72
9,693
113
42,823
380
82,950
834
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 109,810
83
191,461
2,236
207,171
1,914
561,837
5,952
681,913
5,489
Forest Trails and Landings 655 1,185
7
2,139
16
1,997
20
2,580
22
9,046
40
Herbaceous Weed Control 315 20
1
2,745
80
2,927
58
22,243
206
44,940
254
Herbaceous Weed Control - Enhancements E315 3,100
72
18,419
135
38,037
237
58,283
384
52,144
329
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 3,708
61
21,913
497
10,552
193
38,645
803
30,306
691
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595

63
1
14
1
26,682
472
23,719
235
Longleaf Pine Bundle #4 B000LLP4







200
2
Longleaf Pine Bundle#1 B000LLP1





12
1
12
1
Longleaf Pine Bundle#2 B000LLP2

209
7
1,207
21
6,986
114
8,147
119
Longleaf Pine Bundle#3 B000LLP3







403
1
Prescribed Burning 338 3,358
31
3,015
56
2,367
48
11,230
93
37,894
430
Prescribed Burning - Enhancements E338 546
5
109,320
148
49,796
395
215,523
1,291
151,187
1,464
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643



583
3
87
1
335
3
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats - Enhancements E643







40
1
Riparian Forest Buffer 391

13
2
71
1
246
4
1,599
13
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391 447
9
2,201
28
11,871
34
38,103
152
18,704
84
Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390



10
4


209
7
Road/Trail/Landing Closure and Treatment 654

58
1






Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395







2
1
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management - Enhancements E395

1,000
2
1,239
11
1,961
13
957
11
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 2,487
2
1,464
38
6,840
108
5,451
96
26,905
345
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612

13,210
131
59,377
372
62,278
632
88,324
781
Tree/Shrub Pruning 660

154
5
823
14
1,093
11
531
7
Tree/Shrub Site Preparation 490

115
2
3,167
32
5,391
44
5,114
68
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 891
7
3,777
74
14,632
106
16,805
116
21,706
162
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management - Enhancements E645



329
5
1,697
18
5,830
57
Woody Residue Treatment 384

9,100
2
178
2
515
7
3,439
11
Woody Residue Treatment - Enhancements E384



119
1
356
7
1,460
5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP Enhancements and Bundles

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Forest Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of forest and grazed forest land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Forest Land Conservation Practices
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 57,286
347
188,089
3,723
218,488
4,001
466,239
11,648
555,183
12,565
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2021

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Brush Management 314 1,080
3
9,904
63
56,755
173
41,177
348
61,565
380
Brush Management - Enhancements E314 1,302
4
19,661
137
36,965
141
50,513
240
56,406
271
Critical Area Planting 342

3,629
17
2,099
16
2,389
29
3,317
37
Fence 382 4,260
14
18,585
31
17,674
58
19,669
80
45,481
160
Fence - Enhancements E382 8,337
24
35,574
128
56,171
124
55,112
203
145,417
227
Forage Harvest Management 511 184
1
932
35
2,069
68
7,267
151
10,504
396
Forage Harvest Management - Enhancements E511 616
36
3,734
101
24,231
427
30,873
634
34,281
935
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 78
8
4,351
190
10,583
438
16,118
776
20,959
959
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512

16,619
665
24,253
861
38,512
1,461
30,515
1,175
Grazing Bundle 1 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ1



138
9
1,168
63
4,621
122
Grazing Bundle 2 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ2





28
2


Grazing Bundle 3 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ3







4,547
3
Grazing Bundle 5 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ5





616
19
4,946
40
Heavy Use Area Protection 561

26
3
92
6
330
17
1,194
33
Herbaceous Weed Control 315 28,079
288
129,304
1,627
209,746
2,074
269,370
3,021
385,866
3,437
Herbaceous Weed Control - Enhancements E315 19,297
221
117,476
1,908
254,149
2,104
419,030
5,068
473,508
4,725
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 1,688
11
36,711
402
55,937
578
85,974
1,184
214,730
1,561
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595 23
2
7,456
323
58,250
1,067
131,896
3,975
328,284
5,140
Livestock Pipeline 516

8
1


1,060
13
11,358
26
Livestock Shelter Structure 576



4,317
7
10,854
22
14,237
17
MRBI Bundle#6 - Pastureland B000MRB6

442
29


442
29
442
29
Nutrient Management 590 9
1
9,056
494
18,218
578
24,033
702
28,206
1,088
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590

1,949
82
6,569
217
20,267
626
45,286
1,353
Pasture Bundle 5 B000PST5





232
22
803
22
Pasture Bundle#1 - Organic B000PST1



78
3
78
3
78
3
Pasture Bundle#2 B000PST2

10
1
188
19
629
37
163
21
Pasture Bundle#3 -- Soil Health B000PST3



55
8




Pond 378 5,916
2
40
1
8,864
5
93
1
1,399
4
Prescribed Burning 338

3,572
28
3,690
30
4,131
86
2,904
35
Prescribed Burning - Enhancements E338

803
3
4,767
40
6,504
55
6,842
38
Prescribed Grazing 528 93,277
389
453,809
2,728
797,322
3,777
1,534,355
6,271
3,808,139
11,043
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 88,367
494
1,878,771
9,281
2,727,834
12,852
4,311,585
22,843
6,848,717
28,247
Pumping Plant 533





1,292
3
5,880
6
Pumping Plant - Enhancements E533







1,176
13
Range Bundle 4 B000RNG4







14,989
22
Range Bundle#2 B000RNG2



26,233
50
16,093
40
16,093
40
Range Planting 550 219
1
413
6
9,399
16
13,446
25
12,240
28
Range Planting - Enhancements E550 42
1
44,277
30
19,748
45
29,900
54
12,101
36
Silvopasture Establishment - Enhancements E381

40
1
726
22
150
4
57
3
Spring Development 574







870
1
Stream Crossing 578





67
3
15
2
Stream Crossing - Enhancements E578



1,265
3
352
3
1,663
8
Streambank and Shoreline Protection - Enhancements E580 438
1
438
1
7,103
3
1,235
3
5,406
7
Toxic Salt Reduction 610







147
9
Watering Facility 614 119
1
5,967
31
18,058
51
6,537
50
40,778
74
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380

103
4
906
7
2,556
14
3,928
28
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650

1
1
382
4
193
2
612
3
Working Lands for Wildlife Bundle B000WLW

994
32
17,164
66
2,982
96
993
31
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP Enhancements and Bundles

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Grazing Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of grazing land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Grazing Land Conservation Practices
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 134,395
1,502
1,991,183
18,384
2,909,753
25,947
4,384,393
48,278
7,034,225
61,838
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2021

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Irrigation Land Leveling 464



37
1




Irrigation Pipeline 430

30
1


68
3


Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441





24
1


Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442





31
2
552
3
Irrigation Water Management 449 5,900
28
24,337
617
39,804
858
76,262
1,698
105,139
2,301
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449 1,892
21
39,285
656
86,335
1,481
145,735
3,015
149,008
2,910
MRBI Bundle#1 - Irrigated Cropland B000MRB1

4,128
54
9,396
140
9,731
144
10,117
147
Pumping Plant 533



106
1
212
2


Pumping Plant - Enhancements E533





749
7
3,433
39
Structure for Water Control 587

330
2
2,056
13
461
5
1,124
13
Toxic Salt Reduction 610

4,059
56
9,174
114
1,917
16
3,929
39
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP Enhancements and Bundles

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Irrigation Efficiency were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated to improve irrigation efficiency by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Irrigation Efficiency Practices
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 6,886
49
59,783
1,386
125,022
2,608
193,828
4,893
210,440
5,452
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2021

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 470
13
7,258
27
9,527
39
5,517
51
13,110
81
Access Control - Enhancements E472 3,648
5
12,347
81
27,167
104
44,749
116
19,186
87
Brush Management 314



59,610
260
53,650
776
83,514
1,046
Brush Management - Enhancements E314



48,043
278
70,917
594
83,943
755
Buffer Bundle#1 B000BFF1

147
1


25
4
9
1
Conservation Cover 327 5,149
69
17,560
433
28,660
750
26,442
812
71,999
2,302
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 963
23
48,384
1,565
104,888
2,149
116,248
3,309
113,816
3,083
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 49,891
561
141,892
2,128
155,921
2,176
234,740
3,971
344,950
7,129
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 47,795
757
334,924
5,167
425,132
7,677
703,736
15,397
819,879
19,430
Cover Crop 340 46,978
703
165,469
2,940
225,566
4,057
370,412
7,733
445,909
10,264
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 68,883
1,061
316,409
6,125
447,650
10,674
764,208
21,166
799,540
23,271
Critical Area Planting 342 334
2
10,251
110
15,110
207
12,267
175
18,682
205
Crop Bundle #18 - Precision Ag B000CPL18





963
16
3,585
105
Crop Bundle #19 - Soil Health Precision Ag B000CPL19





5,929
227
12,329
497
Crop Bundle #20 - Soil Health Assessment B000CPL20





4,048
71
7,266
74
Crop Bundle #22 - Erosion Bundle (Organic) B000CPL22





202
3
552
8
Crop Bundle#1 - Precision Ag, No till B000CPL1 555
4
77
1
3,257
51
3,399
42
643
10
Crop Bundle#2 - Precision Ag, Reduced till B000CPL2

817
14
1,954
20
3,353
46
1,615
23
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3 85
2
1,044
13
1,176
17
2,804
38
3,303
40
Crop Bundle#4 - Soil health rotation, Reduced till B000CPL4 679
11
1,122
18
1,330
22
1,470
24
679
11
Crop Bundle#5 - Soil Health Assessment, No till B000CPL5 502
6
2,920
39
5,175
132
3,473
79
4,004
97
Crop Bundle#6 - Soil Health Assessment, Reduced till B000CPL6 2,535
26
3,789
43
9,878
117
1,679
27
3,108
36
Crop Bundle#7 - Soil Health -"Organic" B000CPL7





19
7
19
7
Drainage Water Management 554 1,221
4
41
1
35
1
38
2
48
4
Drainage Water Management - Enhancements E554 1,322
9
453
6


676
10
206
1
Field Border 386



10,767
156
9,780
155
23,344
399
Field Border - Enhancements E386



23,842
438
18,613
352
23,441
409
Filter Strip 393 1,813
9
8,119
151
12,099
125
3,063
56
10,652
146
Filter Strip - Enhancements E393 786
5
4,151
53
4,922
84
3,096
68
6,291
40
Forage and Biomass Planting 512



23,386
694
29,126
1,175
41,867
1,497
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512



47,069
1,279
50,370
1,814
47,870
1,542
Forest Bundle#1 B000FST1





17,460
83
5,886
23
Forest Stand Improvement 666



9,920
136
44,998
456
85,268
894
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666



207,565
1,948
565,009
6,122
700,175
5,679
Grade Stabilization Structure 410

76
2
100
3
390
10
5,423
11
Grassed Waterway 412

572
13
3,448
42
5,330
57
3,558
49
Grazing Bundle 1 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ1



138
9
1,168
63
4,621
122
Grazing Bundle 2 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ2





28
2


Grazing Bundle 3 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ3







4,547
3
Grazing Bundle 5 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ5





616
19
4,946
40
Heavy Use Area Protection 561

35
5
155
24
543
46
1,312
55
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 135,216
1,726
626,719
9,438
855,914
11,576
1,206,475
21,478
1,653,369
26,424
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595 441,577
12,047
2,007,363
44,587
2,075,496
34,577
4,174,135
94,628
4,739,584
103,983
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441





24
1


Irrigation Water Management 449 5,900
28
24,337
617
39,804
858
76,262
1,698
105,139
2,301
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449 1,892
21
39,285
656
86,335
1,481
145,735
3,015
149,008
2,910
Longleaf Pine Bundle #4 B000LLP4







200
2
Longleaf Pine Bundle#1 B000LLP1





12
1
12
1
Longleaf Pine Bundle#2 B000LLP2

209
7
1,207
21
6,991
116
8,152
121
Longleaf Pine Bundle#3 B000LLP3







403
1
MRBI Bundle#1 - Irrigated Cropland B000MRB1

4,128
54
9,396
140
9,731
144
10,117
147
MRBI Bundle#2 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #1 B000MRB2

5,910
212
7,316
171
9,276
242
8,141
198
MRBI Bundle#3 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #2 B000MRB3

1,059
67
780
11
2,047
84
985
16
MRBI Bundle#4 - Cropland with Water Bodies, No till B000MRB4

139
2


139
2
199
2
MRBI Bundle#6 - Pastureland B000MRB6

442
29


442
29
442
29
Mulching 484

663
5






Mulching - Enhancements E484 6
1
1,947
69






Non-Irrigated Cropland (MRBI) B000CPL13





1,070
6
2,574
23
Non-Irrigated Cropland with Water Bodies (MRBI) B000CPL16





201
1
201
1
Non-Irrigated Precision Ag (MRBI) B000CPL12





1,269
43
1,161
27
Nutrient Management 590 39,480
557
308,862
4,399
456,767
6,256
595,430
10,391
878,287
16,298
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 59,390
1,031
1,277,883
25,077
1,651,355
28,595
3,346,649
73,674
3,600,540
80,559
Ogallala Bundle#2 B000OGL2

599
5
223
2
223
2
223
2
Pasture Bundle 5 B000PST5





262
23
833
23
Pasture Bundle#1 - Organic B000PST1



78
3
78
3
78
3
Pasture Bundle#2 B000PST2

10
1
188
19
629
37
163
21
Pasture Bundle#3 -- Soil Health B000PST3



55
8




Prescribed Grazing 528 93,399
393
453,925
2,745
797,461
3,791
1,534,978
6,298
3,813,501
11,175
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 88,413
495
1,878,871
9,289
2,728,464
12,885
4,316,276
23,063
6,862,384
28,890
Range Bundle 4 B000RNG4







14,989
22
Range Bundle#2 B000RNG2



26,233
50
16,093
40
16,093
40
Range Planting 550



9,426
17
13,446
25
13,148
39
Range Planting - Enhancements E550



20,225
53
30,928
60
13,454
49
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 24,342
314
87,556
1,131
90,077
1,398
102,099
2,544
282,327
5,575
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345 10,669
495
477,109
12,378
596,140
12,556
1,559,596
40,816
1,632,912
46,003
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 14,034
109
48,512
731
58,745
1,195
121,653
2,643
232,135
5,686
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 10,075
159
110,256
2,680
204,864
5,592
307,818
8,580
361,310
9,831
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 399
1
27
4
129
6
6,889
23
3,647
83
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391 447
9
2,362
35
13,474
56
49,951
183
29,542
117
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 107
1
243
5
1,006
10
745
7
2,733
44
Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390 107
1
2,406
44
5,402
44
4,892
30
15,002
90
Roof Runoff Structure 558 4
2
375
24
482
48
924
84
394
52
Silvopasture Establishment - Enhancements E381



726
22
150
4
57
3
Stream Crossing 578



35
1
114
6
15
2
Stream Crossing - Enhancements E578

40
2
1,305
4
1,278
6
1,680
9
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management - Enhancements E395

1,000
2






Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580







1,167
4
Streambank and Shoreline Protection - Enhancements E580 509
2
1,939
3
7,203
8
3,433
17
5,755
13
Structure for Water Control 587

330
2
2,056
13
461
5
1,124
13
Toxic Salt Reduction 610

4,059
56
9,174
114
1,917
16
3,929
39
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 2,544
6
16,829
409
39,551
806
22,815
664
72,608
1,046
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612 47
3
41,460
585
100,759
1,020
89,743
1,337
137,859
1,600
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 424
8
273
8
1,203
16
3,058
30
4,820
58
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650

3
2






Working Lands for Wildlife Bundle B000WLW

994
32
17,164
66
2,982
96
993
31
YEAR 1 Irrigated Cropland (MRBI/Ogallala) B000CPL10





401
10


YEAR 2+ Irrigated Cropland (MRBI/Ogallala) B000CPL11





358
5
1,428
20
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP Enhancements and Bundles

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CSP Water Quality Practices
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 689,836
20,679
4,757,051
134,328
6,189,972
157,158
9,843,528
357,384
13,155,664
423,102
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2021.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

More Information

The data in this report in CSV format (file includes all titles and table notes) can be downloaded here.

Selected data for RCA programs reports in excel format (machine readable flat files) can be found here.

Return to the RCA Data Viewer.

For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) 2012-2021 Data October 2021
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) 2009-2011 Data
National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD) October 2021
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 31 August 2022*
<http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/fb08_cp_cstp.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]