NRCS Conservation Programs

Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)

The Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative is a targeted effort to reduce nitrogen, phosphorus and sediment loads coming from private lands. Through CBWI, the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and its partners help private landowners and managers implement conservation practices that protect the watershed's soil and water resources while maintaining productive working lands. Farmers and forest landowners are planting stream buffers, restoring wetlands, properly managing manure, and implementing other conservation practices as part of CBWI. The Chesapeake Bay Watershed consists of all tributaries, backwaters, and side channels and their watersheds that drain into the Chesapeake Bay in Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia and the District of Columbia.

The Agricultural Act of 2014 (enacted on February 7, 2014) repealed funding for CBWI. The Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP), which promotes coordination between NRCS and its partners to deliver conservation assistance to producers and landowners, now includes the authority for CBWI. NRCS continues to support CBWI contracts entered into prior to passage of the Agricultural Act of 2014 using the rules and policy in effect at the time of contract obligations.

To learn more see RCPP -- And -- CBWI

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance
Contracts: Contract Data
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to: Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Water Quality
Civil Rights Report


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are two categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for implementing conservation practices, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
This program does not include Reimbursable funds.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
CBWI Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Delaware $1,255.2
$2,504.0
$4,228.3
$2,017.6
$1,251.9
$313.8
$78.6
$10.9
$42.2

Maryland $4,960.9
$9,493.3
$14,546.5
$8,165.4
$12,191.0
$1,736.8
$783.0
$182.3
$1,003.9
$319.6
New York $1,251.8
$2,280.7
$3,779.1
$1,662.1
$5,822.4
$527.3
$345.0
$215.2
$541.7
$759.6
Pennsylvania $6,740.1
$13,489.7
$22,845.9
$17,232.4
$10,965.1
$1,706.1
$826.8
$661.9
$1,600.8
$397.5
Virginia $6,214.5
$12,813.5
$19,246.2
$13,631.0
$10,776.2
$1,629.9
$1,136.6
$274.3
$928.0
$130.9
West Virginia $1,419.0
$2,557.5
$5,899.2
$3,721.5
$8,454.0
$1,036.7
$659.8
$271.6
$960.0
$221.9
Other
$897.3
$2,014.8
$3,288.3
$-61.4
$-23.1
$118.0
$1.0
$-0.4

Total $21,841.6
$44,035.9
$72,559.9
$49,718.3
$49,399.2
$6,927.5
$3,947.7
$1,617.2
$5,076.1
$1,829.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2018 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 authorized the use of unobligated CBWI funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

CBWI Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Delaware $226.4
$308.3
$848.4
$412.3
$167.3
$124.9
$29.0
$10.3
$42.2

Maryland $800.1
$2,006.9
$1,991.6
$1,164.7
$1,587.3
$1,423.7
$561.2
$161.7
$992.1
$317.7
New York $141.2
$309.3
$325.1
$204.9
$585.1
$171.6
$-263.1
$107.5
$462.6
$333.2
Pennsylvania $1,257.1
$3,795.4
$3,564.5
$2,790.7
$1,168.5
$1,176.8
$459.8
$434.5
$1,591.2
$393.5
Virginia $551.2
$2,752.6
$2,698.5
$1,709.1
$1,616.6
$1,065.4
$755.3
$208.9
$928.0
$128.1
West Virginia $270.3
$426.9
$1,021.2
$350.6
$996.0
$659.1
$200.7
$190.3
$934.0
$219.0
Other
$897.3
$2,014.8
$1,801.1
$1,425.8
$-23.1
$119.9
$1.0
$-0.4

Total $3,246.3
$10,496.5
$12,464.1
$8,433.4
$7,546.6
$4,598.4
$1,862.8
$1,114.2
$4,949.7
$1,391.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2018 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 authorized the use of unobligated CBWI funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

CBWI Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Delaware $1,028.8
$2,195.7
$3,379.9
$1,605.3
$1,084.6
$188.8
$49.5
$0.6


Maryland $4,160.9
$7,486.4
$12,554.9
$7,000.7
$10,603.7
$313.2
$221.8
$20.6
$11.8
$1.9
New York $1,110.6
$1,971.4
$3,454.0
$1,457.2
$5,237.3
$355.7
$608.1
$107.7
$79.0
$426.4
Pennsylvania $5,483.0
$9,694.3
$19,281.4
$14,441.7
$9,796.6
$529.4
$366.9
$227.4
$9.5
$4.0
Virginia $5,663.3
$10,061.0
$16,547.8
$11,921.9
$9,159.6
$564.4
$381.3
$65.4
$0.1
$2.8
West Virginia $1,148.8
$2,130.6
$4,877.9
$3,370.9
$7,458.0
$377.5
$459.1
$81.2
$25.9
$2.9
Other


$1,487.2
$-1,487.2

$-1.9



Total $18,595.3
$33,539.4
$60,095.8
$41,284.8
$41,852.6
$2,329.0
$2,084.9
$502.9
$126.4
$438.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2018 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 authorized the use of unobligated CBWI funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Contracts


NRCS enters into CBWI contracts with eligible producers or landowners willing to implement conservation practices. By entering into a contract, the producer or landowner agrees to apply specified conservation practices, and NRCS obligates funds to provide technical and financial assistance for planning and applying these conservation practices. CBWI contracts can be up to ten years in length. The table below reports the number of active or completed CBWI contracts signed during each contract fiscal year, and the acres associated with those contracts. For example, for a ten year contract signed in contract year 2009, funds are obligated in fiscal year 2009, and conservation practices may be applied using those funds during the 2009-2019 fiscal year time period.

CBWI Contract Data by State and Fiscal Year
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts
Delaware 12
2,454.8
69
16,653.8
120
10,024.4
55
4,775.3
38
1,358.3
Maryland 199
22,637.3
303
72,628.2
521
113,490.5
183
12,087.1
214
17,478.1
New York 25
1,531.9
29
2,303.5
53
3,376.9
11
1,247.7
65
8,082.7
Pennsylvania 324
33,786.3
230
26,021.9
348
40,739.6
255
26,733.0
99
11,315.5
Virginia 237
46,867.6
267
34,785.1
544
63,901.4
441
51,291.8
308
44,318.5
West Virginia 29
3,049.1
55
4,311.2
130
12,011.5
141
13,253.6
261
21,916.7
Total 826
110,327.0
953
156,703.6
1,716
243,544.2
1,086
109,388.5
985
104,469.8
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2013.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years since enactment of the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (Farm Bill) in 2009.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the CBWI contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
CBWI Practices
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Delaware 18
6
4,627
705
5,226
526
7,309
1,021
1,860
304
3,877
422
2,161
231
599
56
10
4
9
4
Maryland 138
15
12,762
1,164
51,871
2,880
79,089
5,586
13,849
1,591
32,456
4,079
19,175
1,807
8,473
915
8,423
711
1,520
99
New York 43
2
1,049
103
1,780
115
2,184
206
2,663
185
4,384
446
5,357
481
4,969
461
3,676
258
1,560
124
Pennsylvania 287
41
40,344
2,332
25,644
2,304
22,822
2,569
21,564
2,463
17,838
1,814
11,320
1,517
7,813
840
5,390
504
3,290
265
Virginia 4,421
489
38,182
4,930
55,345
5,630
74,192
7,139
71,927
6,929
77,528
7,539
48,435
4,950
22,971
2,284
7,832
637
1,691
131
West Virginia 25
4
1,311
180
3,972
387
7,944
576
7,892
679
10,261
1,007
8,631
881
4,651
555
3,556
331
1,215
87
Total 4,932
557
98,275
9,414
143,837
11,842
193,539
17,097
119,754
12,151
146,344
15,307
95,079
9,867
49,476
5,111
28,885
2,445
9,285
710
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat and Water Quality. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2018

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CBWI Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327

708
44
273
19
492
25
483
29
354
21
364
12
166
8


29
3
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390

167
8
26
2
202
7
130
10


70
2
72
1




Riparian Forest Buffer 391

1
1
83
7
203
5
175
11
198
13
120
8
36
4




Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395

59
1
2
1
105
5
25
6
114
4


88
6


5
1
Hedgerow Planting 422



41
3
424
22
361
21
32
6
10
1






Access Control 472

660
23
2,922
102
4,542
165
4,560
162
7,028
250
6,243
174
3,991
137
2,994
91
1,034
30
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580

72
3
4
1
242
14
503
25
203
10
23
3
295
13
80
8
55
3
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643







4
1
38
7








Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 32
4
469
41
430
42
253
38
132
13
305
16
510
20
229
8
32
4
54
5
Shallow Water Development and Management 646

74
1


26
1
21
1
117
2








Wetland Creation 658













21
1




Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish and wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
CBWI Fish and Wildlife Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 32
4
2,047
122
3,487
177
5,411
282
5,730
279
7,577
329
6,779
220
3,781
178
2,711
103
1,109
42
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2018

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CBWI Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Waste Storage Facility 313 26
2
344
52
1,388
122
2,640
202
2,905
193
1,862
141
1,972
109
1,028
43
672
21
160
6
Animal Mortality Facility 316

74
5
140
14
317
20
257
15
171
16
121
14
29
3
40
1


Composting Facility 317

58
6
129
8
552
11
86
7
73
6
24
3






Conservation Cover 327

708
44
273
19
492
25
483
29
354
21
364
12
166
8


29
3
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 3,393
234
22,850
1,599
17,966
1,212
16,275
1,149
15,007
1,011
17,798
1,275
11,954
906
5,932
398
1,321
76
27
1
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 1,052
120
28,492
2,013
19,570
1,457
15,760
1,151
13,813
1,041
8,596
656
9,194
614
2,449
161
686
40


Contour Farming 330 25
1
173
1












54
2
46
1
Cover Crop 340 25
3
37,555
1,433
55,226
2,247
81,672
4,266
14,257
732
10,390
569
5,255
308
2,607
172
359
21
16
1
Critical Area Planting 342 5
2
69
11
764
43
870
74
2,172
113
2,865
133
1,335
88
1,918
72
1,157
42
331
15
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345

719
14
1,123
34
1,206
63
2,932
154
2,180
149
2,207
130
785
54
213
20


Sediment Basin 350





31
1












Water Well Decommissioning 351

32
1
2
1
8
1
26
1
12
1
8
2






Waste Facility Closure 360

8
1
75
6
95
13
114
11
168
10
32
5
13
2
29
5


Diversion 362

967
33
807
29
1,176
40
1,665
58
981
28
481
18
637
15
77
6


Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 8
1
118
11
108
13
217
20
233
13
13
1
14
1
17
3




Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390

167
8
26
2
202
7
130
10


70
2
72
1




Riparian Forest Buffer 391

1
1
83
7
203
5
175
11
198
13
120
8
36
4




Filter Strip 393



4
1
125
3
165
15
444
4








Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395

59
1
2
1
105
5
25
6
114
4


88
6


5
1
Grade Stabilization Structure 410

319
6
57
5
244
15
62
5
15
1
64
3
3
1
10
1
14
1
Grassed Waterway 412 112
4
3,154
95
4,569
118
4,399
135
3,618
130
1,518
51
596
30
214
12
89
3
83
4
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441



29
1














Irrigation Water Management 449

1,175
49
1,409
34
2,476
119
958
30
2,090
71
755
26
1,101
20
605
15
883
15
Access Control 472

660
23
2,922
102
4,542
165
4,560
162
7,028
250
6,243
174
3,991
137
2,994
91
1,034
30
Mulching 484







479
13
1,916
71
1,637
53
1,150
36
855
25
53
1
Prescribed Grazing 528

336
36
2,471
179
8,280
585
9,369
639
13,110
957
12,505
853
7,443
594
4,433
337
1,909
144
Roof Runoff Structure 558

246
38
496
66
1,037
127
1,489
149
1,429
117
1,160
101
571
53
141
20
65
7
Access Road 560

61
8
202
27
522
51
1,133
41
731
44
649
39
1,398
29
476
16
99
4
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 63
6
2,388
229
5,054
435
6,312
560
5,383
418
7,072
518
5,140
313
2,652
145
1,774
60
513
25
Stream Crossing 578 82
4
1,026
33
967
56
2,055
89
1,799
80
1,465
55
1,214
43
398
26
73
7
36
1
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580

72
3
4
1
242
14
503
25
203
10
23
3
295
13
80
8
55
3
Stripcropping 585

76
1
54
1


52
1
180
6
151
4
164
8
634
21
58
3
Structure for Water Control 587 29
2
999
36
911
52
1,278
63
837
54
428
39
199
26
150
16
30
6
14
2
Nutrient Management 590 769
65
27,501
1,998
39,251
2,516
55,836
4,059
49,809
3,412
83,266
5,919
48,767
3,183
27,661
1,901
14,779
876
4,431
285
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 888
53
7,890
677
7,308
389
11,064
936
3,373
335
17,955
1,652
10,407
871
3,543
313
5,089
331
125
12
Terrace 600

1,283
29
1,172
33
1,839
31
2,954
50
800
17
648
11
526
8
42
1


Tree/Shrub Establishment 612

299
23
337
21
1,969
43
2,735
50
1,543
39
615
10
153
8
96
5
69
3
Waste Treatment 629



51
4
26
3


88
4
23
2






Waste Recycling 633

86
4
4,856
384
1,277
129
1,460
90
1,136
97
49
1
26
1
49
1


Waste Transfer 634 13
1
57
16
553
67
1,186
108
1,696
169
995
78
1,241
72
1,436
33
589
22
187
9
Vegetated Treatment Area 635

63
5
105
8
248
21
232
18
62
10
64
11
142
8
67
3
89
4
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638



4
1


12
1
18
3
66
5
27
2
10
1


Wetland Creation 658













21
1




Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
CBWI Water Quality Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 4,565
498
92,520
8,543
129,377
9,716
171,492
14,309
100,949
9,292
132,042
13,036
86,275
8,054
45,724
4,307
26,495
2,084
8,484
581
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) 2012-2018 Data October 2018
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) 2009-2011 Data
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2013
National Planning and Agreements Database October 2018
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 31 March 2019*
<http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/fb08_cp_cbwi.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]