NRCS Conservation Programs

Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA)

The Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) program provides financial and technical assistance to agricultural producers to voluntarily address issues such as water management, water quality, and erosion control by incorporating conservation into their farming operations. Producers may construct or improve water management structures or irrigation structures; plant trees for windbreaks or to improve water quality; and mitigate risk through production diversification or resource conservation practices, including soil erosion control, integrated pest management, or transition to organic farming. AMA is available in 16 states where participation in the Federal Crop Insurance Program is historically low: Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

To learn more see AMA

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Contracts: Contract Data |Maps
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to: Cropland Soil Quality | Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability | Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality
Civil Rights Report


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are two categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for implementing conservation practices, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
This program does not typically include Reimbursable funds. In FY 2017 and FY 2020 the Risk Management Agency reimbursed NRCS for financial and technical assistance to assist producers in targeted locations in AMA States with installation of the High Tunnel System practice.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
AMA Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Connecticut $344.3
$118.3
$58.1
$113.6
$103.2
$217.7
$180.1
$169.9
$250.5
$116.1
$284.2
$331.5
Delaware $153.6
$138.5
$72.0
$83.6
$71.4
$19.5
$14.4
$16.1
$117.8
$61.3
$60.6
$328.4
Hawaii $153.3
$336.9
$151.2
$121.1
$81.0
$316.9
$336.9
$211.4
$373.7
$126.0
$268.6
$436.0
Maine $315.7
$195.3
$2,349.3
$312.2
$499.9
$1,410.7
$1,037.1
$1,228.3
$640.6
$914.7
$821.3
$1,045.1
Maryland $372.3
$499.4
$149.1
$100.6
$99.8
$156.1
$189.8
$244.3
$292.3
$604.8
$291.9
$1,031.3
Massachusetts $164.4
$251.4
$476.0
$151.4
$74.6
$118.5
$134.1
$164.2
$337.4
$98.6
$229.3
$1,260.2
Nevada $429.7
$817.0
$123.6
$76.6
$66.4
$944.8
$134.6
$203.9
$231.7
$178.1
$192.9
$201.2
New Hampshire $150.2
$155.6
$43.2
$38.8
$106.2
$16.8
$81.8
$27.2
$85.0
$59.9
$66.7
$285.3
New Jersey $370.7
$368.8
$409.0
$250.5
$197.2
$218.7
$293.4
$324.4
$238.4
$246.1
$88.2
$87.1
New York $1,113.8
$698.6
$794.7
$188.3
$213.1
$515.9
$404.1
$399.6
$332.6
$282.0
$383.0
$223.6
Pennsylvania $1,291.8
$1,056.1
$916.9
$229.1
$335.0
$1,346.9
$436.8
$408.4
$760.3
$489.6
$489.2
$457.0
Rhode Island $81.5
$95.4
$71.2
$50.2
$47.7
$142.8
$136.0
$164.3
$196.2
$154.9
$108.5
$141.5
Utah $789.9
$587.6
$311.4
$207.3
$13.3
$333.0
$195.4
$247.5
$208.3
$73.2
$108.4
$253.4
Vermont $274.0
$411.1
$313.9
$114.5
$114.0
$77.7
$143.9
$149.6
$226.7
$156.4
$266.2
$399.0
West Virginia $475.0
$336.6
$441.4
$164.1
$218.5
$288.7
$353.1
$408.7
$877.3
$611.2
$674.2
$1,252.5
Wyoming $898.0
$1,183.2
$787.8
$178.1
$208.7
$346.5
$265.6
$135.9
$271.9
$48.5
$69.5
$410.8
Other




$98.9
$64.6





Total $7,378.1
$7,249.7
$7,468.9
$2,380.0
$2,450.0
$6,570.1
$4,401.8
$4,503.7
$5,440.7
$4,221.4
$4,402.7
$8,143.9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2020 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

AMA Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Connecticut $37.9
$31.8
$32.4
$17.4
$9.4
$69.9
$48.2
$49.9
$30.9
$61.2
$58.1
$28.5
Delaware $21.9
$43.5
$47.6
$12.8
$8.8
$6.3
$3.7
$6.5


$1.4
$32.1
Hawaii $8.3
$39.8
$48.5
$14.7
$40.9
$59.0
$67.8
$88.3
$42.6
$63.7
$61.6
$20.5
Maine $50.6
$23.0
$164.1
$35.0
$46.7
$256.4
$152.0
$112.6
$89.8
$117.4
$99.6
$223.4
Maryland $59.0
$86.1
$88.2
$21.9
$37.1
$23.9
$30.3
$28.5
$19.1
$60.0
$66.5
$72.0
Massachusetts $24.3
$27.9
$52.5
$21.8
$17.9
$27.1
$14.4
$12.3
$6.5
$1.8
$12.5
$30.8
Nevada $50.2
$27.9
$42.3
$13.8
$7.6
$191.2
$8.5
$24.9
$30.1
$21.4
$24.4
$42.9
New Hampshire $27.8
$22.3
$22.3
$6.4
$10.2
$6.7
$16.3
$3.2
$4.7

$8.2
$8.6
New Jersey $102.6
$44.1
$72.3
$32.6
$63.0
$38.2
$51.1
$73.3
$20.2
$35.6
$28.2
$43.2
New York $192.6
$169.9
$198.2
$60.3
$45.8
$78.5
$74.0
$67.4
$55.7
$15.2
$90.9
$62.2
Pennsylvania $214.2
$201.0
$228.5
$61.0
$55.6
$265.9
$75.3
$73.6
$74.1
$93.3
$97.0
$103.9
Rhode Island $3.6
$14.4
$17.2
$6.0
$10.6
$25.9
$22.0
$22.5
$19.0
$55.2
$56.9
$32.0
Utah $99.6
$105.6
$94.7
$31.8
$13.3
$53.4
$27.0
$37.8
$18.1
$0.4
$16.4
$23.8
Vermont $72.7
$169.0
$175.7
$33.4
$20.5
$20.5
$37.9
$41.8
$13.1
$29.1
$19.5
$45.9
West Virginia $100.7
$63.0
$81.9
$36.1
$35.1
$63.0
$119.0
$161.3
$75.6
$170.6
$174.1
$96.7
Wyoming $130.7
$132.0
$162.6
$50.0
$69.9
$99.9
$78.4
$37.9
$27.5
$23.7
$42.8
$21.5
Other




$99.0
$64.6





Total $1,196.7
$1,201.3
$1,529.1
$454.9
$492.4
$1,384.8
$890.5
$841.8
$526.9
$748.6
$858.1
$888.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2020 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

AMA Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Connecticut $306.5
$86.4
$25.8
$96.2
$93.8
$147.9
$131.8
$120.0
$121.7
$54.9
$226.1
$153.2
Delaware $131.7
$95.0
$24.4
$70.8
$62.6
$13.2
$10.7
$9.6

$61.3
$59.2
$89.7
Hawaii $144.9
$297.0
$102.7
$106.4
$40.1
$257.9
$269.1
$123.1
$91.0
$62.3
$207.0

Maine $265.1
$172.3
$2,185.2
$277.2
$453.2
$1,154.3
$885.2
$1,115.7
$482.0
$797.3
$721.7
$821.7
Maryland $313.4
$413.4
$60.9
$78.7
$62.7
$132.2
$159.5
$215.9
$229.0
$544.8
$225.4
$306.6
Massachusetts $140.1
$223.5
$423.6
$129.6
$56.7
$91.3
$119.8
$151.9
$43.9
$96.8
$216.8

Nevada $379.6
$789.2
$81.3
$62.7
$58.8
$753.6
$126.2
$179.0
$179.0
$156.7
$168.5
$158.3
New Hampshire $122.4
$133.3
$20.9
$32.4
$96.0
$10.1
$65.5
$24.0
$28.8
$59.9
$58.5

New Jersey $268.1
$324.7
$336.6
$217.9
$134.2
$180.5
$242.3
$251.1
$136.9
$210.5
$60.0
$43.9
New York $921.2
$528.6
$596.5
$128.1
$167.3
$437.4
$330.1
$332.2
$167.2
$266.8
$292.1
$161.4
Pennsylvania $1,077.6
$855.1
$688.4
$168.0
$279.4
$1,080.9
$361.5
$334.8
$419.6
$396.3
$392.2
$353.1
Rhode Island $78.0
$81.1
$54.0
$44.3
$37.1
$116.9
$114.0
$141.8
$101.2
$99.7
$51.6
$109.5
Utah $690.3
$481.9
$216.7
$175.5

$279.6
$168.4
$209.7
$88.8
$72.8
$92.0

Vermont $201.3
$242.1
$138.3
$81.1
$93.5
$57.2
$106.0
$107.8
$96.3
$127.3
$246.7
$353.1
West Virginia $374.2
$273.6
$359.5
$128.1
$183.4
$225.7
$234.1
$247.4
$171.3
$440.6
$500.1
$669.7
Wyoming $767.3
$1,051.2
$625.2
$128.1
$138.8
$246.6
$187.1
$98.0
$155.3
$24.8
$26.7
$389.3
Other




$-0.1






Total $6,181.4
$6,048.4
$5,939.9
$1,925.2
$1,957.6
$5,185.3
$3,511.3
$3,662.0
$2,512.0
$3,472.8
$3,544.6
$3,609.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2020 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

AMA Reimbursable Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Connecticut







$97.9


$149.8
Delaware







$117.8


$206.6
Hawaii







$240.1


$415.5
Maine







$68.9



Maryland







$44.2


$652.7
Massachusetts







$287.0


$1,229.4
Nevada







$22.6



New Hampshire







$51.5


$276.7
New Jersey







$81.3



New York







$109.7



Pennsylvania







$266.6



Rhode Island







$76.0



Utah







$101.4


$229.6
Vermont







$117.3



West Virginia







$630.4


$486.1
Wyoming







$89.1



Total







$2,401.8


$3,646.4
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2020 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• In FY 2017 and FY 2020 the Risk Management Agency reimbursed NRCS for financial and technical assistance to assist producers in targeted locations in AMA States with installation of the High Tunnel System practice.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Contracts

NRCS enters into AMA contracts with eligible producers or landowners willing to implement conservation practices. Applicants must own or control the land. By entering into a contract, the participant agrees to apply specified conservation practices, and NRCS obligates funds to provide technical and financial assistance for planning and applying these conservation practices. AMA contracts can be up to ten years in length. The table below reports the number of active or completed AMA contracts signed during each contract fiscal year, and the acres associated with those contracts. For example, for a ten year contract signed in contract year 2009, funds are obligated in fiscal year 2009, and conservation practices may be applied using those funds during the 2009-2020 fiscal year time period.

The Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) Maps page contains maps illustrating contracts enrolled, acres treated, and financial assistance obligated by state and year.

AMA Contract Data by State and Fiscal Year
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts* Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts* Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts* Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts* Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts* Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts* Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts* Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts* Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts* Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts* Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts* Number of Active and Completed Contracts* Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts*
Connecticut 7
103.0
7
138.5
1
1.0
8
48.5
10
35.1
11
74.8
10
29.5
4
46.9
13
27.8
4
14.1
10
48.0
11
29.5
Delaware 7
4.5
4
721.3
5
53.1
10
103.3
3
58.4
1
25.0
3
3.4
2
70.5
11
60.2
3
29.3
6
57.4
18
967.8
Hawaii 5
19.1
4
48.7
5
76.0
4
24.0
3
8.4
15
888.8
15
314.7
8
78.4
18
70.6
7
22.9
5
15.6
10
33.5
Maine 6
762.0
19
385.2
39
2,645.7
13
256.1
16
444.8
28
703.8
29
581.8
95
227.7
26
208.9
33
168.7
22
133.3
47
222.6
Maryland 9
273.0
61
386.3
8
15.0
13
12.3
5
64.5
5
183.0
6
362.8
12
120.7
19
185.2
21
617.5
13
114.2
58
642.7
Massachusetts 11
75.6
13
168.1
23
299.1
8
60.8
7
71.3
6
163.3
11
60.9
5
207.0
25
44.8
6
80.8
13
61.2
44
299.4
Nevada 5
339.9
20
1,113.1
18
18.7
14
22.8
9
280.6
8
165.0
12
13.4
11
122.3
17
2.6
15
2.1
24
9.8
18
3.9
New Hampshire 6
50.0
11
38.2
2
7.5
9
145.3
8
707.0
1
25.0
6
115.8
4
145.5
2
91.8
6
61.1
4
57.9
28
131.0
New Jersey 10
623.3
17
473.2
15
234.8
11
288.1
6
125.8
11
217.1
12
641.9
8
249.8
10
93.7
11
209.7
5
116.3
5
86.3
New York 37
1,871.6
58
526.4
46
581.9
4
75.5
2
193.2
8
176.5
6
112.5
18
207.0
28
12.3
19
18.2
15
67.7
6
269.1
Pennsylvania 33
2,236.8
113
942.4
49
1,209.0
6
182.0
7
240.4
13
1,062.5
5
164.2
34
605.1
43
329.2
9
143.5
14
2,312.5
25
439.7
Rhode Island 6
172.5
6
97.4
4
22.5
5
14.9
9
109.1
8
107.2
14
88.8
15
45.2
21
130.6
7
90.9
5
21.6
6
44.1
Utah 6
1,832.9
18
1,334.9
8
685.3
3
120.5


7
78.5
4
81.0
5
216.2
26
215.0
5
37.0
15
22.9
24
28.0
Vermont 8
248.0
19
134.7
8
163.3
2
12.8
8
25.1
5
23.5
4
19.5
6
23.9
9
15.2
11
17.6
18
60.4
30
173.4
West Virginia 19
872.5
21
819.2
22
574.9
16
243.7
20
236.4
52
187.7
44
217.2
50
296.4
84
463.7
8
2,681.2
43
570.1
91
2,249.9
Wyoming 39
4,390.3
35
3,774.0
22
1,280.8
14
501.0
6
821.7
11
145.4
19
691.1
9
78.3
25
69.9
3
7.0
5
324.1
28
987.2
Total 214
13,874.9
426
11,101.6
275
7,868.5
140
2,111.5
119
3,421.7
190
4,227.0
200
3,498.5
286
2,740.9
377
2,021.5
168
4,201.6
217
3,993.0
449
6,608.1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2013.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

*Contract counts and contract acreages are based on the number of contracts and treated acres, respectively, at the end of fiscal year when the contract was signed and do not account for contract cancellations or terminations that may have happened in subsequent years.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years since enactment of the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (Farm Bill) in 2009.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the AMA contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
AMA Practices
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Connecticut 12
7
70
24
54
29
91
15
37
21
91
27
42
24
138
58
163
54
92
68
63
30
77
38
Delaware 260
22
735
44
640
33
712
74
326
25
52
16
108
10


45
6
42
12
8
4
16
6
Hawaii 13,997
12
3,221
49
22
40
48
43
61
25
29
41
119
27
296
57
438
62
380
57
936
56
695
30
Maine 37
1
102
9
708
32
1,500
95
803
66
817
67
2,227
95
1,249
112
1,366
101
1,259
90
772
51
1,132
84
Maryland 1,591
115
561
79
850
128
929
150
1,394
97
379
48
410
27
125
13
403
24
401
34
652
37
703
38
Massachusetts 57
7
117
26
184
38
330
56
357
48
61
22
79
18
42
22
216
36
108
18
155
14
72
31
Nevada 262
11
841
32
800
37
282
24
237
31
159
11
323
18
169
29
31
17
122
13
18
14
105
16
New Hampshire 181
12
343
17
110
13
378
16
219
19
296
33
527
41
427
62
29
5
82
6
91
15
62
18
New Jersey 325
58
490
78
1,064
198
883
128
828
176
564
80
475
79
891
79
880
84
904
93
367
37
312
44
New York 2,952
223
2,109
180
1,153
169
1,540
220
804
130
641
89
506
60
461
65
627
82
682
155
544
127
372
97
Pennsylvania 2,153
231
2,914
279
2,801
323
1,535
145
1,561
147
715
57
768
57
1,230
67
1,313
95
1,351
130
1,022
74
2,788
163
Rhode Island 78
61
60
13
5
8
31
10
1
1
5
2
15
2
14
9
77
14
22
7
48
23
63
21
Utah 4,333
104
5,731
78
24,556
39
335
57
909
33
792
31
107
24
193
34
1,033
24
12,289
45
11,359
38
11,416
48
Vermont 1,406
164
1,296
161
1,067
138
442
78
208
30
53
12
276
41
194
46
384
35
268
71
78
14
180
22
West Virginia 1,431
115
902
98
1,175
88
691
62
479
92
425
73
728
108
702
189
428
159
463
208
1,329
173
2,033
220
Wyoming 42,015
120
24,779
112
9,708
145
12,624
114
15,249
192
4,863
63
6,452
106
4,593
79
1,526
64
3,443
63
312
28
2,117
25
Total 71,090
1,263
44,271
1,279
44,897
1,458
22,350
1,287
23,473
1,133
9,942
672
13,161
737
10,724
921
8,957
862
21,908
1,070
17,753
735
22,142
901
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Cropland Soil Health, Irrigation Efficiency, and Water Quality. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Conservation Cover 327 39
1
25
2
81
1


36
3
14
2
86
7
36
4
46
5
59
4
59
5
33
4
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 254
17
294
12
113
2
53
7
14
2
13
4
1
1


2
1
2
1
2
1
34
3
Cover Crop 340 1,280
76
1,239
100
778
69
887
94
1,156
61
438
49
441
41
951
79
1,249
77
903
81
1,685
92
3,885
196
Critical Area Planting 342

67
3
136
12
7
2
19
4


28
2
67
7
62
13
232
26
132
23
11
9
Deep Tillage 324 3
3


2
2
4
2
















Diversion 362 28
2
53
2
81
1
20
1
47
1






44
3
6
2




Field Border 386



93
5


8
2


28
2
16
1








Forage and Biomass Planting 512 456
24
88
1
96
11
83
8
24
2
14
3
28
2










Grade Stabilization Structure 410





35
2
33
1














Grassed Waterway 412

54
3
85
2








56
2




41
2
38
1
Herbaceous Wind Barriers 603





6
2
















Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 1,736
82
3,759
133
2,140
162
2,759
82
3,347
102
230
23
2
2
79
3
88
9
138
13
22
1
144
13
Irrigation Water Management 449 3,287
59
999
66
1,576
110
1,395
111
1,761
110
1,564
99
1,766
120
1,718
104
1,324
89
2,276
152
1,480
126
1,272
110
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468



81
1














38
1


Mulching 484 408
29
265
23
255
16
66
18
134
26
143
14
16
11
193
22
181
35
303
41
134
27
100
16
Nutrient Management 590 154
18
1,657
58
822
70
926
75
751
72
143
17
136
12
127
11
115
10
356
24
437
29
660
31
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 15
1


8
1


















Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 341
33
19
3
15
1


5
1






2
1
2
1
2
1


Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 1,046
52
489
50
439
24
168
9
24
2




93
9








Riparian Forest Buffer 391

13
2




















Stripcropping 585 144
8
65
2




7
2














Subsurface Drain 606 96
4


46
4
51
2


1
1




10
3
8
1
16
1
0
1
Underground Outlet 620 93
4


48
5
0
1
9
2
41
2
13
1
34
4
15
4
35
5
44
5
0
1
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 81
3


4
1


















Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 74
4
0
1
58
3
20
5
30
5
12
1
4
3
11
4
34
2


9
2


Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650





















0
1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 8,511
420
6,468
461
4,651
503
4,386
421
6,246
398
2,212
215
2,163
204
2,583
250
2,688
252
3,041
351
3,257
316
5,118
386
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability. This measure is intended as a step-wise measure to show progress towards implementing a Soil Health Management System (SHMS). A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Also at least two eligible conservation practices or an eligible Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) bundle must be applied during the fiscal year. Eligible conservation practices are those that indicate progress toward a SHMS and include: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till and Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles count as two eligible practices.

The following AMA reports summarize where AMA was responsible for funding all practices required to meet the performance measure. The performance measure, however, can be satisfied by the application of eligible practices under more than one program (e.g., AMA and CSP). To see the overall contribution of AMA-funded practices to fulfilling the requirements of the measure, please see the Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year, Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices table in the National Conservation Profile found in the National Reports page of the RCA Data Viewer. See National Conservation Profile report.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2014-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Conservation Crop Rotation 328





2
1
2
1
2
1
34
3
Cover Crop 340



62
6


2
1


34
3
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345





2
1
2
1
2
1


Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329



93
9








Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil health practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice



31
15
2
2
2
3
2
2
34
6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS)

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland SHMS or cropland on which a system of practices to sustain or improve soil health was applied during the fiscal year. A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Three eligible core conservation practices must be in place. They are: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till or Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles fulfil the requirements of a Cropland SHMS.

The following AMA reports summarize where AMA was responsible for funding all practices required to meet the performance measure. The performance measure, however, can be satisfied by the application of eligible practices under more than one program (e.g., AMA and CSP). To see the overall contribution of AMA-funded practices to fulfilling the requirements of the measure, please see the Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year, Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices table in the National Conservation Profile found in the National Reports page of the RCA Data Viewer. See National Conservation Profile report.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2014-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Conservation Crop Rotation 328







2
1




Cover Crop 340







2
1




Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345







2
1




Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland SHMS were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with SHMS practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Cropland SHMS Practices
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice







2
3




Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Irrigation Ditch Lining 428

87
4
126
4
74
1
36
1












93
2
Irrigation Field Ditch 388







16
1






2
1






Irrigation Land Leveling 464 33
3
16
1




















Irrigation Pipeline 430 2,904
88
2,276
110
1,461
117
1,916
171
1,776
113
1,346
82
13,887
103
2,115
152
2,728
148
5,332
140
609
56
1,415
100
Irrigation Reservoir 436 21
4
62
8
20
4
69
4
24
4
26
6
84
10
252
9
189
10
57
9
122
9
49
7
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 2,182
58
3,125
72
976
128
935
105
745
109
978
113
13,212
115
1,566
157
1,051
125
4,456
139
777
63
1,342
83
Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442 608
18
664
16
872
29
956
32
621
24
252
8
954
17
601
19
581
12
11,441
14
572
15
810
13
Irrigation System, Surface and Subsurface 443 24
1


61
1


















Irrigation Water Management 449 3,287
59
1,122
70
1,622
111
1,450
113
1,791
113
1,587
105
1,795
123
1,721
105
1,396
91
2,344
156
12,525
134
1,335
119
Pumping Plant 533 193
12
584
29
611
34
664
38
343
32
405
23
594
39
466
34
312
33
260
26
452
29
274
25
Structure for Water Control 587 2,525
29
182
11
565
13
279
6
202
7
82
5
696
17
479
9
579
13
520
14
19
3
450
13
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Irrigation Efficiency were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated to improve irrigation efficiency by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Irrigation Efficiency Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 8,066
272
5,005
321
4,160
441
4,475
470
3,701
404
3,056
342
6,360
424
4,467
485
4,925
433
17,284
498
14,119
309
3,846
362
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Access Control 472 37
5
81
8
138
2
52
3
38
1
1
1












Access Road 560 19
3
34
4
23
5
6
2




4
1


102
5
53
3




Animal Mortality Facility 316

15
1




















Brush Management 314



















157
8
1,883
11
Composting Facility 317

14
2


37
2


20
2












Conservation Cover 327 79
3
25
2
81
1


49
4
14
2
86
7
226
7
46
5
59
4
63
7
36
6
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 254
17
294
12
113
2
53
7
18
3
13
4
1
1


2
1
2
1
2
1
34
3
Cover Crop 340 1,280
76
1,239
100
778
69
887
94
1,156
61
448
50
441
41
961
80
1,249
77
903
81
1,685
93
3,889
197
Critical Area Planting 342 89
9
89
5
139
13
11
3
49
9
11
2
29
3
131
8
90
17
238
28
174
25
27
12
Diversion 362 35
3
53
2
81
1
20
1
47
1






44
3
6
2




Filter Strip 393



113
4
5
1








5
1






Forage and Biomass Planting 512



















18
3
10
3
Grade Stabilization Structure 410





46
3
33
1














Grassed Waterway 412

58
4
85
2








56
2




43
3
38
1
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 155
16
332
19
85
12
175
28
58
7
153
11
228
1
314
12
242
7
149
19
91
11
8
5
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 6,985
153
8,305
169
6,033
180
5,260
102
4,632
116
239
24
2
2
82
4
88
9
194
15
81
4
152
18
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 2,182
58
3,125
72
976
128
935
105
745
109
978
113
13,212
115
1,566
157
1,051
125
4,456
139
777
63
1,342
83
Irrigation Water Management 449 3,287
59
1,122
70
1,622
111
1,450
113
1,791
113
1,587
105
1,795
123
1,721
105
1,396
91
2,344
156
12,525
134
1,335
119
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468



















38
1


Mulching 484 1,014
30
1,535
26
255
16
66
18
134
26
143
14
1,065
21
726
30
261
43
3,630
50




Nutrient Management 590 406
29
1,668
61
865
81
945
80
813
82
225
29
136
12
165
13
115
10
422
29
493
31
11,639
35
Prescribed Grazing 528 9,030
129
1,437
108
621
53
645
61
605
48
407
27
69
8
39
9
119
8
82
4
694
11
697
18
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 341
33
19
3
15
1


5
1






2
1
2
1
2
1


Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 1,056
54
489
50
439
24
168
9
24
2




93
9








Riparian Forest Buffer 391 7
2
37
5




















Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 9
1
8
1




















Roof Runoff Structure 558

15
2
57
7
4
2
122
2
50
8
243
3
67
9
183
7
22
9
20
8
40
11
Roofs and Covers 367



















7
1


Stream Crossing 578 230
4


41
1






17
1










Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 67
5
12
1




















Stripcropping 585 144
8
65
2


220
1
7
2














Structure for Water Control 587 2,525
29
182
11
565
13
279
6
202
7
82
5
696
17
479
9
579
13
520
14
19
3
450
13
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 10
2
1
2
0
2


2
1


254
5


46
3






Waste Facility Closure 360





57
2
33
2














Waste Recycling 633 17
1






















Waste Storage Facility 313 3
1
15
1
















7
1


Waste Transfer 634 1,262
81
450
22
662
38
28
2
















Waste Treatment 629



4
1


















Water Well Decommissioning 351



12,898
1


















Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 81
3


4
1


















Wetland Enhancement 659





1,013
10
















Wetland Restoration 657







4
1














Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 1,320
25
1,296
6
100
6
30
6
43
7
12
1
1,217
13
584
17
79
9
3,343
12
204
5
961
6
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650















1
1






Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Water Quality Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 27,490
839
13,165
771
21,068
775
9,184
661
8,975
606
3,259
398
5,890
374
4,288
471
4,045
436
6,354
567
15,697
414
20,039
541
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

More Information

The data in this report in CSV format (file includes all titles and table notes) can be downloaded here.

Selected data for RCA programs reports in excel format (machine readable flat files) can be found here.

Return to the RCA Data Viewer.

For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) 2012-2020 Data October 2020
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) 2009-2011 Data
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2020
National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD) October 2020
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 24 February 2021*
<http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/fb08_cp_ama.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]