NRCS Conservation Programs

National

NRCS's natural resources conservation programs help people reduce soil erosion, enhance water supplies, improve water quality, increase wildlife habitat, and reduce damages caused by floods and other natural disasters. Public benefits include enhanced natural resources that help sustain agricultural productivity and environmental quality while supporting continued economic development, recreation, and scenic beauty.

The Agricultural Act of 2014 (enacted on February 7, 2014) made several changes to the Conservation Programs reported here. The Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP), Grassland Reserve Program (GRP), and Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) were merged into the new Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP). The Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) and Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI) were merged into the new Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP). The Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) was merged into the existing Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). To learn more see NRCS Conservation Programs.

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by Conservation Program |
by Conservation Practices related to: Cropland Soil Quality | Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability | Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) | Fish & Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation | Grazing Land Conservation | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality | Wetlands
CSP Enhancement Summary -- To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) refers to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the Federal lead for providing technical assistance for USDA and does so through various programs using NRCS staff and private Technical Service Providers (TSPs).
  • Financial Assistance (FA) denotes payments (cost-share payments, easement payments, rental payments, etc.) that help producers and landowners pay the costs of implementing conservation measures, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be for Technical or Financial Assistance but are received from sources other than appropriations. They can also be transfers from other Federal agencies. For example, the Farm Service Agency administers the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and reimburses NRCS for providing technical support functions.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
In millions of dollars
Fund Type 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Technical Assistance $975.6
$1,177.3
$1,294.6
$1,348.4
$1,319.7
$1,248.9
$1,346.6
$1,407.6
$1,549.0
$1,514.2
$1,431.2
$1,418.8
$1,519.9
$1,540.2
$1,711.8
$1,836.7
$1,849.9
$1,863.4
$2,052.7
Financial Assistance $801.2
$1,087.2
$1,342.9
$1,773.1
$1,610.2
$1,599.8
$1,724.0
$2,055.6
$2,792.2
$2,607.2
$2,896.2
$2,668.9
$2,573.7
$2,300.5
$2,431.3
$2,947.0
$3,102.3
$3,228.0
$4,094.8
Reimbursable $157.7
$125.5
$115.2
$138.6
$142.7
$156.4
$115.8
$98.8
$156.5
$201.4
$163.6
$135.3
$55.2
$91.0
$65.6
$43.0
$42.2
$58.9
$49.8
Total $1,934.5
$2,390.0
$2,752.7
$3,260.1
$3,072.6
$3,005.1
$3,186.4
$3,562.0
$4,497.7
$4,322.8
$4,491.0
$4,223.0
$4,148.8
$3,931.7
$4,208.7
$4,826.7
$4,994.4
$5,150.3
$6,197.2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2020 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.

Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
Includes Technical and Financial Assistance and Reimbursable Fund Types
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)











$316.9
$297.3
$345.7
$536.0
$337.5
$428.2
$493.2
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) $6.9

$13.9
$13.8
$4.9
$4.6
$7.2
$7.4
$7.2
$7.5
$2.4
$2.5
$6.6
$4.4
$4.5
$5.4
$4.2
$4.4
$8.1
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)






$71.8
$72.2
$73.4
$58.8
$55.3
$5.4
$9.6
$3.9
$6.5
$1.2
$0.3
$0.2
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)






$21.8
$44.0
$72.6
$49.7
$49.4
$6.9
$3.9
$1.6
$5.1
$1.8
$0.6
$0.9
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $23.1
$54.8
$61.9
$69.2
$77.7
$80.6
$62.6
$55.9
$59.6
$122.8
$101.5
$64.9
$65.5
$72.8
$80.0
$110.5
$85.7
$77.9
$110.2
Conservation Security Program (CSP)

$40.4
$201.6
$257.2
$294.4
$317.1
$276.0
$222.2
$198.9
$188.0
$158.9
$120.4
$30.9
$2.0
$1.8



Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)






$9.4
$389.8
$577.8
$741.6
$882.5
$1,030.9
$1,095.9
$1,129.3
$1,134.5
$1,197.3
$1,439.2
$2,219.4
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $809.8
$756.4
$797.8
$772.0
$755.0
$704.9
$766.3
$763.8
$819.2
$833.2
$734.9
$726.5
$721.3
$683.8
$754.2
$763.6
$744.3
$772.3
$780.7
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $356.2
$709.1
$986.0
$1,024.8
$1,074.8
$1,070.9
$1,252.3
$1,054.6
$1,184.3
$1,244.7
$1,382.6
$1,391.2
$1,313.9
$1,248.4
$1,454.1
$1,671.9
$1,877.9
$1,780.1
$1,827.4
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $50.0
$77.5
$91.4
$111.8
$73.6
$73.1
$96.2
$118.8
$152.1
$170.9
$144.9
$118.1
$2.9
$4.8
$2.8
$7.7
$2.7
$10.5
$11.2
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)
$38.2
$56.8
$71.3
$35.5
$13.0
$2.8
$47.7
$100.1
$77.9
$65.3
$62.9
$1.5
$7.0
$1.8
$5.0
$1.5
$0.2
$5.6
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)



$2.5
$2.2
$0.7
$2.6
$7.9
$17.9
$9.8
$6.4
$0.6
$1.3
$0.7
$0.2
$0.1
$0.1
$0.2
Plant Materials Center (PMC) $11.1
$11.3
$12.8
$14.7
$12.8
$13.9
$13.2
$14.1
$13.6
$13.3
$10.9
$10.1
$9.9
$8.4
$9.9
$12.5
$9.6
$9.0
$10.1
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)











$2.0
$44.0
$59.2
$52.4
$72.9
$48.5
$52.7
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $49.2
$50.0
$53.3
$52.2
$52.4
$52.4
$50.4
$50.6
$50.8
$22.8
$0.1


$-0.1





Snow Survey (SNOW) $9.1
$9.6
$10.0
$10.5
$11.4
$11.3
$11.4
$13.4
$10.4
$11.6
$10.2
$8.4
$9.9
$9.0
$9.9
$8.9
$9.2
$8.5
$9.1
Soil Survey (SOIL) $91.3
$91.0
$93.4
$94.8
$94.5
$97.0
$97.4
$99.0
$102.1
$98.7
$83.4
$77.7
$84.6
$83.6
$81.5
$79.4
$79.0
$75.6
$75.1
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $11.3
$11.1
$10.0
$6.9
$6.2
$6.1
$0.4












Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $128.5
$133.8
$111.0
$112.5
$117.6
$64.0
$42.0
$67.2
$167.4
$25.3
$23.4
$27.0
$11.1
$54.4
$32.5
$73.0
$138.6
$118.4
$240.4
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $9.8
$29.3
$29.2
$28.6
$29.7
$36.2
$21.2
$55.4
$81.9
$23.7
$21.3
$15.4
$264.7
$116.1
$28.2
$34.3
$61.4
$11.0
$6.7
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $81.6
$67.7
$45.5
$365.5
$244.7
$190.3
$178.8
$324.2
$299.2
$76.1
$212.4
$102.0
$80.2
$53.7
$119.7
$172.4
$206.4
$331.8
$255.2
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $264.0
$309.6
$286.4
$267.3
$191.1
$247.9
$182.9
$435.7
$630.2
$569.1
$588.0
$400.2
$61.9
$81.9
$54.3
$127.3
$153.0
$28.3
$8.7
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $17.3
$24.9
$37.9
$45.3
$41.9
$42.5
$83.5
$72.7
$83.4
$83.9
$47.4
$63.7
$9.6
$14.4
$8.9
$6.4
$5.4
$1.4
$1.4
Other $15.4
$15.8
$15.1
$-2.8
$-11.0




$0.8
$14.3

$22.4
$6.2
$24.0
$12.1
$4.9
$4.2
$80.7
Total $1,934.5
$2,390.0
$2,752.7
$3,260.1
$3,072.6
$3,005.1
$3,186.4
$3,562.0
$4,497.7
$4,322.8
$4,491.0
$4,223.0
$4,148.8
$3,931.7
$4,208.7
$4,826.7
$4,994.4
$5,150.3
$6,197.2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2020 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Feral Swine Eradication and Control Pilot Program, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Gulf Coast Restoration Revolving Fund,
Resource Conservation and Development Program, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Urban Agriculture and Innovative Production Program, VPAP, Waterbank Program, and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• In 2002 RCD includes $272,018 for Forest Service Technical Assistance; WFPO does not include $-11,003 for Forest Service in 2002 that was included in the FY 2004 Explanatory Notes.
• In 2003 RCD includes $256,111 and EWP includes $26,463 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• In 2005 total EWP obligations match Explanatory Notes data, but there are differences in technical assistance and financial assistance.
• In 2007 RCD includes $10,803 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 authorized the use of unobligated CBWI funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Technical Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)











$90.8
$99.7
$102.8
$104.5
$86.8
$110.3
$114.3
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA)

$3.6
$4.0
$1.2
$4.6
$1.5
$1.2
$1.2
$1.5
$0.5
$0.5
$1.4
$0.9
$0.8
$0.5
$0.7
$0.9
$0.9
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)






$11.4
$11.3
$14.2
$11.0
$10.7
$4.8
$9.4
$3.7
$6.4
$1.2
$0.3
$0.2
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)






$3.2
$10.5
$12.5
$8.4
$7.5
$4.6
$1.9
$1.1
$4.9
$1.4
$0.5
$0.8
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)











$65.5
$72.8
$80.0
$110.5
$85.7
$77.9
$110.2
Conservation Security Program (CSP)

$5.9
$30.2
$38.8
$25.9
$44.6
$29.9
$22.2
$21.2
$18.6
$13.2
$5.2
$6.8
$0.6
$0.4



Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)






$9.4
$69.4
$69.7
$70.1
$92.4
$111.2
$208.0
$237.5
$239.2
$247.9
$267.1
$306.5
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $701.0
$712.4
$763.9
$747.1
$726.9
$674.6
$734.4
$738.2
$782.0
$796.6
$705.1
$698.7
$700.1
$667.5
$738.0
$754.5
$735.7
$762.3
$770.1
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $43.2
$176.2
$230.9
$255.4
$262.3
$261.7
$284.6
$296.7
$317.3
$336.4
$373.4
$376.5
$361.0
$328.9
$358.2
$404.7
$463.6
$427.8
$481.9
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP)
$2.4
$3.3
$4.9
$3.2
$3.1
$5.7
$5.9
$5.9
$7.7
$6.6
$8.4
$2.4
$3.3
$2.1
$6.7
$2.7
$10.5
$10.5
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)
$16.2
$14.8
$13.7
$2.9
$3.1
$1.0
$6.6
$6.7
$7.6
$6.1
$6.2
$0.8
$2.0
$1.6
$4.7
$1.5

$5.6
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)



$0.1
$0.1
$0.2
$1.4
$1.5
$1.8
$1.4
$1.2
$-3.0





$0.2
Plant Materials Center (PMC) $10.2
$10.2
$11.5
$13.3
$11.1
$11.9
$11.3
$12.5
$11.8
$11.5
$9.5
$10.1
$8.7
$7.6
$9.1
$11.9
$8.7
$8.4
$9.8
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)











$1.9
$35.8
$34.6
$25.8
$30.9
$15.8
$24.2
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $49.0
$49.9
$53.0
$51.9
$51.2
$52.3
$50.4
$50.6
$50.8
$22.8
$0.1








Snow Survey (SNOW) $8.6
$8.9
$9.6
$10.1
$10.8
$10.8
$10.6
$12.9
$10.0
$11.0
$10.0
$8.0
$9.6
$8.6
$9.5
$8.5
$8.9
$8.3
$8.8
Soil Survey (SOIL) $83.6
$83.5
$87.4
$88.7
$87.7
$90.6
$90.2
$91.1
$95.8
$93.8
$78.6
$73.9
$81.8
$80.0
$79.3
$76.7
$77.6
$74.0
$73.6
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $10.9
$10.9
$9.8
$6.8
$6.0
$6.0
$0.4












Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $46.3
$43.9
$38.5
$36.8
$30.4
$14.4
$13.4
$13.5
$33.6
$5.3
$2.0
$0.7
$1.0
$2.7
$10.6
$13.5
$26.5
$44.9
$92.2
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $6.5
$16.7
$16.5
$15.2
$13.9
$18.1
$8.3
$28.8
$28.3
$15.2
$10.2
$6.2
$26.1
$-33.2
$1.9
$0.6
$10.4
$6.0
$1.3
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $11.7
$12.9
$7.5
$32.0
$33.1
$34.0
$30.5
$43.0
$34.4
$17.0
$25.3
$16.0
$14.2
$5.7
$17.1
$17.4
$22.9
$40.0
$33.6
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $0.3
$24.6
$27.6
$27.0
$29.1
$27.3
$33.1
$30.8
$35.9
$45.7
$74.0
$69.4
$24.1
$20.1
$14.6
$38.6
$30.6
$6.2
$2.8
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $2.8
$7.2
$9.9
$11.2
$10.5
$10.3
$26.4
$20.6
$20.3
$22.9
$13.3
$19.0
$7.1
$13.2
$8.4
$6.2
$5.3
$1.3
$1.4
Other $1.5
$1.3
$0.7

$0.4





$7.2

$0.7
$-1.6
$0.4
$0.4
$0.8
$0.9
$3.8
Total $975.6
$1,177.3
$1,294.6
$1,348.4
$1,319.7
$1,248.9
$1,346.6
$1,407.6
$1,549.0
$1,514.2
$1,431.2
$1,418.8
$1,519.9
$1,540.2
$1,711.8
$1,836.7
$1,849.9
$1,863.4
$2,052.7
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2020 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Feral Swine Eradication and Control Pilot Program, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Gulf Coast Restoration Revolving Fund,
Resource Conservation and Development Program, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Urban Agriculture and Innovative Production Program, VPAP, Waterbank Program, and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• In 2002 RCD includes $272,018 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• In 2003 RCD includes $256,111 and EWP includes $26,463 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• In 2007 RCD includes $10,803 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 authorized the use of unobligated CBWI funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Financial Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)











$226.1
$197.6
$242.8
$431.5
$250.6
$317.8
$378.6
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) $6.9

$10.3
$9.7
$3.7

$5.8
$6.2
$6.0
$5.9
$1.9
$2.0
$5.2
$3.5
$3.7
$2.5
$3.5
$3.5
$3.6
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)






$60.4
$60.8
$59.2
$47.8
$44.5
$0.6
$0.3
$0.2
$0.1



Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)






$18.6
$33.5
$60.1
$41.3
$41.9
$2.3
$2.1
$0.5
$0.1
$0.4

$0.1
Conservation Security Program (CSP)

$34.6
$171.4
$218.4
$268.5
$272.5
$246.1
$199.9
$177.7
$169.5
$145.6
$115.2
$24.1
$1.5
$1.3



Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)







$320.4
$508.1
$671.6
$790.1
$919.7
$887.9
$891.8
$895.4
$949.4
$1,172.0
$1,912.9
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $313.0
$532.9
$755.1
$769.4
$811.1
$806.8
$965.5
$757.4
$856.7
$894.5
$1,000.6
$997.4
$936.0
$906.9
$1,083.2
$1,253.6
$1,395.4
$1,329.6
$1,331.3
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $50.0
$75.1
$88.1
$106.9
$70.2
$69.9
$90.5
$112.9
$144.0
$161.0
$138.3
$109.7
$0.5
$1.5
$0.8
$0.9


$0.7
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)
$22.0
$42.0
$57.6
$32.6
$9.8
$1.8
$41.0
$93.4
$70.3
$59.2
$56.7
$0.6
$5.0
$0.1
$0.3

$0.2

Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)



$2.4
$2.1
$0.5
$1.3
$6.5
$16.1
$8.5
$5.2
$3.6
$1.3
$0.7
$0.1

$0.1

Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)












$8.1
$24.5
$26.6
$41.9
$32.7
$28.6
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $69.5
$77.4
$62.9
$42.8
$72.6
$21.3
$23.5
$49.0
$97.2
$4.6
$4.5
$6.6
$3.9
$3.2

$52.1
$106.5
$50.1
$130.4
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $3.3
$12.6
$12.6
$12.5
$15.9
$17.0
$12.6
$25.5
$52.7
$9.7
$11.1
$9.7
$233.7
$141.6
$15.4
$27.8
$45.0
$5.0
$5.0
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $67.1
$50.3
$36.6
$331.5
$201.3
$151.8
$144.5
$280.0
$264.1
$56.0
$187.4
$84.2
$64.2
$46.8
$102.2
$154.1
$183.0
$291.6
$220.8
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $263.6
$284.9
$258.8
$240.2
$161.8
$220.4
$149.8
$404.9
$594.2
$523.3
$514.0
$330.8
$37.8
$61.8
$39.7
$88.7
$122.3
$22.2
$5.8
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $14.2
$17.6
$27.9
$34.1
$31.4
$32.1
$57.1
$52.1
$62.6
$60.6
$33.7
$44.5
$2.5
$1.2
$0.5
$0.2
$0.1


Other $13.7
$14.3
$14.1
$-3.1
$-11.3





$7.0

$21.7
$7.7
$23.6
$11.7
$4.1
$3.2
$76.9
Total $801.2
$1,087.2
$1,342.9
$1,773.1
$1,610.2
$1,599.8
$1,724.0
$2,055.6
$2,792.2
$2,607.2
$2,896.2
$2,668.9
$2,573.7
$2,300.5
$2,431.3
$2,947.0
$3,102.3
$3,228.0
$4,094.8
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2020 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Feral Swine Eradication and Control Pilot Program, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Gulf Coast Restoration Revolving Fund,
Resource Conservation and Development Program, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Urban Agriculture and Innovative Production Program, VPAP, Waterbank Program, and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CRP, CTA, PMC, RCD, SNOW, SOIL, and WSP do not provide financial assistance.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 authorized the use of unobligated CBWI funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Reimbursable - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)















$0.1
$0.1
$0.3
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA)














$2.4


$3.6
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $23.1
$54.8
$61.9
$69.2
$77.7
$80.6
$62.6
$55.9
$59.6
$122.8
$101.5
$64.9







Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $108.8
$44.0
$33.8
$25.0
$28.1
$30.3
$31.8
$25.6
$37.2
$36.7
$29.8
$27.9
$21.2
$16.3
$16.2
$9.1
$8.6
$10.0
$10.6
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)



$1.4
$2.4
$2.3
$0.5
$10.2
$13.8
$8.5
$17.3
$16.9
$12.6
$12.7
$13.6
$18.8
$22.8
$14.1
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP)



$0.2



$2.2
$2.2









Plant Materials Center (PMC) $1.0
$1.1
$1.3
$1.4
$1.7
$2.0
$1.9
$1.6
$1.9
$1.8
$1.4

$1.1
$0.8
$0.9
$0.7
$0.9
$0.7
$0.3
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)











$0.1






Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $0.2
$0.1
$0.4
$0.2
$1.3
$0.1


$0.1




$-0.1





Snow Survey (SNOW) $0.5
$0.6
$0.4
$0.4
$0.6
$0.5
$0.8
$0.5
$0.4
$0.6
$0.2
$0.4
$0.3
$0.3
$0.4
$0.4
$0.2
$0.2
$0.2
Soil Survey (SOIL) $7.8
$7.4
$5.9
$6.1
$6.7
$6.3
$7.2
$7.9
$6.3
$4.9
$4.8
$3.8
$2.8
$3.6
$2.2
$2.6
$1.4
$1.6
$1.4
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $0.4
$0.1
$0.1
$0.1
$0.2
$0.1













Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $12.7
$12.4
$9.5
$33.0
$14.6
$28.2
$5.0
$4.6
$36.6
$15.4
$16.9
$19.6
$6.2
$48.5
$21.9
$7.3
$5.6
$23.4
$17.9
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)


$0.9
$-0.1
$1.1
$0.2
$1.1
$0.9
$-1.2

$-0.5
$4.9
$7.7
$11.0
$6.0
$6.0

$0.4
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $2.8
$4.4
$1.4
$1.9
$10.2
$4.5
$3.7
$1.1
$0.7
$3.1
$-0.2
$1.8
$1.8
$1.1
$0.3
$0.9
$0.5
$0.1
$0.8
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)



$0.1
$0.1
$0.1


$0.1
$0.1








Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $0.2
$0.2






$0.5
$0.4
$0.4
$0.2







Other $0.2
$0.2
$0.4
$0.2
$-0.1




$0.8
$0.1


$0.1





Total $157.7
$125.5
$115.2
$138.6
$142.7
$156.4
$115.8
$98.8
$156.5
$201.4
$163.6
$135.3
$55.2
$91.0
$65.6
$43.0
$42.2
$58.9
$49.8
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2020 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Feral Swine Eradication and Control Pilot Program, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Gulf Coast Restoration Revolving Fund,
Resource Conservation and Development Program, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Urban Agriculture and Innovative Production Program, VPAP, Waterbank Program, and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, WHIP was authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP and FRPP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Conservation Practice Implementation Reports

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following chart/table combinations include data for the time period from fiscal year 2005 through fiscal year 2020. Data entry processes differed prior to 2005 and do not provide comparable data.

Under the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP), practice bundles and practice enhancements are funded in addition to conservation practices. For brevity, conservation practices, bundles, and enhancements are often referred to collectively as “practices.” To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated. With the exception of CSP, totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Acres Receiving Conservation by Program

The following chart/table combination summarizes acres receiving conservation by program and fiscal year. For the Conservation Stewardship Program, acres represent contract acres and count represents contracts in the fiscal year, excluding renewal contracts. For all other programs, acres represent land unit acres and count represents practice counts. Here, land unit acres are counted once for each conservation program that has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times within each fiscal year - once for each program that has been used to apply at least one practice. Land unit acres may also be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program, FY 2005-2020

Only programs representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, programs not included are summed into the All Other category.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program and Fiscal Year
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















2,580
18
5,690
337
9,176
277
7,909
375
10,408
255
8,060
309
5,078
217
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 75,204
1,798
42,937
2,052
40,909
2,172
21,995
1,134
71,090
1,263
44,271
1,279
44,897
1,458
22,350
1,287
23,473
1,133
9,942
672
13,161
737
10,724
921
8,957
862
21,908
1,070
17,753
735
22,142
901
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







14,629
248
366,441
3,739
234,814
5,612
324,323
6,483
298,981
7,016
289,673
8,167
190,319
5,436
89,722
2,369
40,427
1,070
15,334
399
2,938
124
1,452
53
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







4,932
557
98,275
9,414
143,837
11,842
193,539
17,097
119,754
12,151
146,344
15,307
95,079
9,867
49,476
5,111
28,885
2,445
9,285
710
3,144
181
753
58
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 1,614,573
195,839
2,618,442
278,254
3,487,838
311,185
2,422,246
216,726
1,863,877
162,393
1,419,590
138,775
2,188,714
166,657
2,254,134
148,746
1,822,699
115,194
1,139,610
77,143
789,149
68,889
1,111,737
112,375
1,209,095
112,968
950,937
90,529
799,628
56,357
1,089,597
86,922
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)









25,114,437
20,560
12,750,676
9,630
12,109,876
9,036
9,519,371
6,992
9,598,222
7,631
7,056,558
5,776
8,193,844
6,993
7,503,023
7,211
7,534,932
7,965
5,482,536
5,692
6,426,632
4,922
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 21,130,824
653,693
22,660,055
722,124
23,583,829
716,781
25,858,346
711,024
24,899,950
624,863
27,009,183
608,000
28,217,303
587,107
28,009,645
576,145
27,371,645
539,629
20,623,221
390,756
20,518,512
373,730
18,591,953
372,691
19,279,082
356,928
20,563,444
366,535
20,718,721
334,724
18,931,181
355,638
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 13,713,789
237,318
18,731,617
342,226
23,226,022
408,307
23,834,264
406,644
23,175,167
341,141
24,114,797
344,746
22,458,802
335,701
24,301,639
342,339
24,418,414
327,228
19,465,088
278,004
18,604,761
287,813
15,734,247
272,684
17,074,562
283,085
17,734,084
308,412
18,022,161
313,367
17,673,106
334,621
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 147,809
4,072
156,490
2,998
88,963
1,867
72,571
1,794
45,712
1,279
120,953
1,670
98,122
1,823
92,181
1,922
119,451
1,436
111,857
1,462
98,032
999
45,904
366
39,699
510
19,942
821
39,535
144
20,188
752
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)





91
1
1,085
1


10,943
53
4,472
94
11,802
35
9,453
86
432
12
1,485
17
1,913
185
322
52
1,193
38
393
10
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)



















7,028
141
396,644
3,382
561,017
11,469
1,077,523
19,866
1,572,996
21,420
1,890,792
32,522
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 2,540
89
2,231
40
18
2
260
15
27
10
1,744
39
1,201
11


127
2














Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 70,606
2,447
59,427
1,703
24,019
1,286
12,160
718
6,597
499
13,700
480
18,378
439
3,378
128
2,679
83
574
32
307
10
342
7
114
3


133
11


Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)







487
3
12
1
94
2
682
42




120
1










Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 22,577
334
60,431
3,374
96,288
1,318
100,686
1,761
141,265
1,527
35,964
356
5,138
210
5,182
325
1,785
42
5,670
43
674
11
576
20
646
39


5,789
4


Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 283,294
8,431
323,098
10,742
273,442
9,183
269,227
6,887
238,899
6,628
235,204
5,990
238,858
7,388
348,557
9,797
303,991
10,304
101,493
3,508
61,492
2,357
47,176
1,862
23,376
1,033
35,400
1,284
20,437
572
11,862
160
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 428,192
10,795
1,186,651
12,248
1,307,212
17,676
1,791,859
17,212
1,290,358
17,610
1,864,718
19,861
2,405,471
26,891
1,978,265
24,378
1,759,551
17,871
1,468,542
16,983
1,263,967
9,242
568,743
4,703
310,500
1,945
161,607
917
87,923
462
25,004
228
Other 102,692
2,394
87,769
1,225
36,737
864
8,293
586
22,515
1,719
5,516
167
21,333
695
7,340
618
23,370
900
60,378
236
11,974
267
28,153
297
11,119
154
21,962
200
30,002
382
3,730
63
Notes:
• Data Sources: CSP Program - USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2020 (excludes renewal contracts); all other programs - USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs within each fiscal year and across fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include conservation practices funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, and Klamath Basin practices.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes the land units treated in a fiscal year. Here, a land unit is counted only once in a fiscal year, regardless of how many practices were applied on it, or how many conservation programs were used to apply practices. These data therefore reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with conservation practices during a fiscal year. Given that multiple conservation programs can be used to treat the resource concerns associated with a specific land unit, the percentage of land units (acres and number) that are treated by more than one conservation program within a fiscal year is also shown.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Fiscal Year
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number
Land units treated by at least one program 34,196,346
436,368
40,429,368
563,390
46,376,905
647,223
48,856,627
642,853
47,173,204
584,866
49,854,606
589,217
51,096,363
623,020
52,567,951
631,854
50,955,301
601,007
40,282,958
458,771
38,806,246
432,425
33,877,110
432,027
36,472,591
438,581
42,096,384
522,912
43,781,209
522,857
46,244,114
597,732
Percent of land units treated by multiple programs 10.09%
10.40%
13.76%
11.83%
12.63%
11.62%
11.35%
10.88%
9.74%
8.41%
10.95%
8.36%
9.68%
7.68%
9.33%
7.31%
10.39%
7.33%
7.77%
5.31%
7.39%
5.19%
8.15%
5.00%
8.09%
4.96%
9.93%
6.00%
10.80%
6.15%
10.25%
6.89%
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present the conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Cropland Soil Health, Cropland with Applied Soil Health Management System (SHMS), Fish & Wildlife Habitat, Forest Land Conservation, Grazing Land Conservation, Irrigation Efficiency, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Alley Cropping 311 2,058
245
1,827
167
1,200
123
605
77
410
38
127
15
410
69
156
26
229
28
36
1
46
3
10
2
4
2
84
3
275
8
13
1
Buffer Bundle#1 B000BFF1

























147
1


25
4
Conservation Cover 327 870,083
35,324
1,600,398
52,256
3,139,186
82,698
1,706,769
49,322
1,106,042
35,917
932,620
30,635
1,847,578
51,157
1,766,377
50,290
1,478,029
39,399
937,161
26,645
671,555
22,581
905,651
33,285
1,453,451
33,784
715,139
23,809
641,417
18,591
1,589,117
32,973
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327























861
13
23,280
734
59,120
1,060
49,779
1,479
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 5,428,493
147,227
6,032,578
171,835
6,015,860
163,752
6,383,937
171,256
5,771,487
158,565
6,005,018
159,094
5,768,069
151,041
6,295,961
153,798
5,701,926
151,998
3,702,192
98,110
3,964,949
102,112
4,145,582
107,881
3,802,907
109,322
4,421,635
109,511
3,735,630
99,830
3,870,447
101,371
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328























47,976
759
336,166
5,207
426,768
7,698
710,011
15,586
Contour Buffer Strips 332 18,644
1,016
24,098
890
14,439
943
18,423
948
19,824
781
24,664
1,125
15,984
796
10,098
738
6,606
319
3,927
248
3,541
208
5,093
301
4,044
144
3,634
204
4,414
268
3,845
249
Contour Farming 330 701,403
19,943
780,748
22,040
657,980
19,702
605,251
18,220
510,764
14,377
496,939
14,071
442,715
12,592
423,604
11,073
391,408
11,494
231,333
5,823
231,432
6,080
232,304
6,463
179,918
4,174
193,118
5,381
162,339
4,464
93,152
2,968
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331 2,426
256
3,679
234
3,197
265
2,433
138
2,064
112
2,559
80
767
99
1,643
122
1,593
133
1,077
67
316
67
793
73
632
58
318
36
114
32
285
47
Controlled Traffic Farming 334



























2,873
72
8,553
260
Controlled Traffic Farming - Enhancements E334



























110,595
1,630
200,398
2,981
Cover Crop 340 505,036
17,703
711,553
26,507
748,644
24,701
728,908
28,285
654,878
25,986
860,771
27,838
992,578
31,848
1,218,649
40,128
1,277,382
41,291
1,410,403
43,686
1,541,151
47,451
1,632,472
52,797
1,923,101
63,775
2,634,359
84,924
3,220,356
103,322
3,918,141
119,891
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340























68,883
1,061
318,914
6,215
449,679
10,728
782,325
21,575
Critical Area Planting 342 101,154
2,841
115,736
3,179
123,253
3,150
174,761
3,742
217,665
4,296
247,992
4,773
283,980
5,314
280,449
4,866
223,690
4,018
185,445
3,474
229,638
4,148
202,204
4,500
165,800
3,872
191,624
4,020
153,668
3,060
186,470
4,238
Crop Bundle #18 - Precision Ag B000CPL18





























963
16
Crop Bundle #19 - Soil Health Precision Ag B000CPL19





























5,928
227
Crop Bundle #20 - Soil Health Assessment B000CPL20





























4,048
71
Crop Bundle #22 - Erosion Bundle (Organic) B000CPL22





























202
3
Crop Bundle#1 - Precision Ag, No till B000CPL1























555
4
77
1
3,257
51
3,399
42
Crop Bundle#2 - Precision Ag, Reduced till B000CPL2

























817
14
1,954
20
3,353
46
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3























85
2
1,459
39
1,307
25
2,804
38
Crop Bundle#4 - Soil health rotation, Reduced till B000CPL4























679
11
1,122
18
1,330
22
1,470
24
Crop Bundle#5 - Soil Health Assessment, No till B000CPL5























502
6
2,829
37
5,084
130
3,473
79
Crop Bundle#6 - Soil Health Assessment, Reduced till B000CPL6























2,535
26
3,789
43
9,878
117
1,679
27
Crop Bundle#7 - Soil Health -"Organic" B000CPL7





























19
7
Cross Wind Ridges 588 3,960
34
2,811
38
3,877
27
5,140
64
3,831
56
3,613
25
5,954
68
158
8
276
3
2,053
7
85
2
275
2








Cross Wind Trap Strips 589C 10,290
114
3,984
41
6,804
25
619
25
1,359
12
9,496
25
2,183
22
4,221
8
1,426
6
2,530
17
532
9
906
14
656
1






Deep Tillage 324 56,466
1,138
47,450
839
67,700
1,316
73,649
1,588
75,732
2,072
57,250
2,622
56,196
1,170
67,409
2,239
93,770
1,795
52,674
795
58,887
1,007
15,572
317
8,605
284
9,765
319
11,101
169
9,606
183
Diversion 362 28,837
495
34,478
508
25,571
485
25,845
480
34,190
571
33,929
440
34,947
550
31,752
556
27,046
485
23,719
455
26,834
409
31,193
438
24,148
369
26,958
445
21,089
347
28,725
493
Field Border 386 191,527
8,331
196,125
10,002
187,022
8,535
153,376
7,127
88,209
3,836
107,416
3,697
80,670
3,045
56,630
2,063
39,259
1,434
21,981
1,028
37,760
1,887
28,829
1,753
29,276
1,693
39,260
1,954
41,851
1,147
47,563
1,839
Field Border - Enhancements E386























691
8
21,845
495
23,726
414
18,326
333
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 177,539
7,300
315,843
10,150
289,746
8,593
260,111
8,695
198,340
7,024
205,673
6,802
146,420
4,937
207,293
5,817
226,351
5,094
124,876
3,387
148,773
3,878
131,144
3,818
136,869
4,341
143,609
4,112
165,656
4,272
214,346
5,556
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512























17
4
12,203
225
23,580
397
12,055
361
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 86,560
2,391
114,227
2,726
126,097
3,007
154,964
3,173
133,088
2,816
112,752
2,533
136,758
2,785
129,550
2,714
111,983
2,455
111,652
2,059
119,234
2,521
124,783
2,299
145,888
2,706
150,707
2,495
99,187
1,707
127,343
2,213
Grassed Waterway 412 451,821
14,009
516,047
15,450
414,193
12,581
391,410
10,758
446,766
11,079
420,821
10,724
473,316
11,191
414,297
10,069
266,988
7,829
212,384
5,445
205,925
5,197
184,096
5,934
189,772
5,002
221,498
5,572
127,386
3,622
189,172
5,029
Herbaceous Wind Barriers 603 3,537
49
2,469
49
1,584
25
9,808
111
1,660
12
3,935
59
2,220
40
825
23
695
20
406
22
493
23
156
11
43
6
4
2
6
2


Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 2,585,798
73,854
3,354,683
99,250
4,304,735
108,202
3,870,626
94,694
2,805,603
71,214
2,729,212
68,299
2,810,387
68,020
2,645,739
56,422
1,926,336
45,073
1,489,305
39,480
1,286,876
28,159
1,036,666
27,149
1,098,610
29,844
1,362,342
26,119
1,401,815
26,364
2,107,224
42,922
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595























445,675
12,134
2,026,006
44,770
2,076,870
34,693
4,227,049
94,113
Irrigation Water Management 449 1,112,835
15,896
1,125,723
19,138
1,301,072
20,118
1,276,328
18,808
1,141,138
17,400
1,117,690
17,785
1,054,251
16,649
1,140,327
17,915
1,299,011
21,307
1,058,580
17,783
799,665
14,066
748,678
13,031
774,378
13,421
888,518
13,906
686,496
11,390
784,127
14,019
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449























1,762
16
41,238
710
89,564
1,507
156,970
3,216
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468 7,157
154
5,283
142
10,229
251
8,703
217
9,982
250
17,290
358
19,302
421
13,831
356
13,361
317
8,963
259
9,548
261
13,764
361
9,153
263
15,071
373
10,813
309
15,925
385
MRBI Bundle#1 - Irrigated Cropland B000MRB1

























4,128
54
9,396
140
9,731
144
MRBI Bundle#2 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #1 B000MRB2

























5,910
212
7,316
171
9,276
242
MRBI Bundle#3 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #2 B000MRB3

























1,059
67
780
11
2,047
84
MRBI Bundle#4 - Cropland with Water Bodies, No till B000MRB4

























139
2


139
2
Mulching 484 24,218
1,203
29,577
1,201
61,742
1,732
69,166
1,789
65,147
1,567
70,310
1,804
74,233
2,078
67,357
1,832
63,883
1,732
94,922
2,300
116,258
2,901
120,064
3,049
103,874
2,981
93,551
2,703
71,478
2,387
116,632
3,349
Mulching - Enhancements E484























6
1
1,947
69
18
4
1,186
8
Non-Irrigated Cropland (MRBI) B000CPL13





























1,070
6
Non-Irrigated Cropland with Water Bodies (MRBI) B000CPL16





























201
1
Non-Irrigated Precision Ag (MRBI) B000CPL12





























1,303
45
Nutrient Management 590 3,160,713
90,728
3,714,913
108,135
4,513,314
127,645
4,274,693
120,523
3,333,022
94,309
3,289,349
91,288
2,833,234
79,980
2,888,168
82,774
2,498,742
76,188
2,238,837
69,483
2,027,238
60,198
1,593,508
49,213
1,438,841
45,234
1,763,434
48,260
1,715,452
44,811
2,017,871
55,665
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590























59,569
1,036
1,303,607
25,550
1,673,711
28,978
3,454,206
75,387
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 1,374,717
31,039
1,371,180
32,374
1,568,175
31,499
1,548,705
31,320
1,427,821
28,074
1,448,783
26,498
1,258,742
24,209
1,179,606
23,117
1,345,640
27,169
931,789
19,518
513,789
8,505
235,102
5,385
118,264
2,324
117,796
2,139




Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 2,171,751
50,906
2,413,164
58,046
2,180,940
51,075
2,149,627
49,360
1,824,975
41,734
1,818,234
42,867
1,668,318
38,629
1,650,640
37,207
1,448,623
33,845
997,853
23,587
1,294,837
27,230
1,405,084
26,583
1,380,708
25,718
1,650,555
30,725
1,441,965
29,952
1,416,032
33,098
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345























10,669
495
481,589
12,469
602,711
12,654
1,598,249
41,468
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 2,398,717
68,960
3,033,732
86,417
2,929,377
79,517
3,002,749
76,049
2,459,441
65,505
2,655,565
66,657
2,337,213
61,236
2,422,414
63,890
2,252,208
62,125
1,774,155
48,566
1,695,483
46,366
1,601,142
45,105
1,425,255
38,980
1,631,058
46,657
1,547,368
43,819
1,611,207
47,524
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329























10,075
159
110,317
2,681
204,425
5,571
307,716
8,551
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 50,316
758
30,686
606
28,719
521
22,300
384
24,055
379
17,553
281
22,329
425
14,844
340
12,867
349
7,622
360
3,540
128
1,972
39
1,114
40
4,459
43




Riparian Forest Buffer 391 37,694
3,147
28,814
3,054
36,754
2,746
28,712
2,043
24,068
1,297
13,157
1,226
14,924
1,006
11,427
1,082
11,075
1,039
6,058
800
13,311
1,241
12,929
1,900
17,093
2,018
17,164
2,188
5,879
961
21,987
1,140
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391



























35
3
709
12
Row Arrangement 557 52,236
1,496
27,133
1,147
29,449
681
31,870
1,208
33,058
1,016
31,034
979
19,014
632
28,006
798
29,340
891
18,055
615
13,784
540
5,191
331
6,316
348
5,914
344
10,932
535
41,949
1,269
Silvopasture Establishment 381







118
4








145
2






37
4
26
1
641
10
Stripcropping 585 52,869
1,871
42,432
1,704
31,429
1,703
29,910
1,303
26,956
1,542
28,206
1,018
21,772
700
12,461
504
14,332
538
10,136
428
6,766
391
5,838
653
7,224
382
8,008
317
3,488
365
6,659
247
Subsurface Drain 606 74,248
2,169
74,768
2,097
83,134
2,254
85,648
2,044
94,344
2,196
118,400
2,272
106,300
2,261
105,221
2,179
73,567
1,742
52,667
1,177
59,932
1,213
67,597
1,604
69,103
1,484
69,698
1,482
49,766
924
59,189
1,283
Terrace 600 495,494
6,923
659,802
8,350
531,797
6,681
556,466
7,075
626,215
8,424
514,686
7,081
590,235
7,983
576,201
7,916
394,962
5,593
385,445
5,173
400,329
5,608
370,811
4,987
447,169
5,629
411,034
5,253
288,470
3,622
364,794
4,563
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 21,997
413
28,078
532
104,856
1,528
72,363
1,150
36,548
524
38,843
897
40,223
592
50,923
941
123,097
1,190
54,753
748
45,413
639
14,729
373
17,211
306
15,712
297
16,964
317
10,692
349
Underground Outlet 620 183,936
3,054
258,775
4,144
206,176
3,417
242,262
3,915
345,243
5,444
325,440
5,363
346,407
5,946
362,864
6,185
268,567
4,753
239,879
3,962
272,541
4,559
272,726
4,469
303,565
5,061
285,628
4,734
218,433
3,635
275,958
4,597
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 69,931
1,178
89,123
1,631
99,228
1,769
107,477
1,859
123,539
2,084
132,322
2,168
134,196
2,380
120,890
2,152
102,511
1,848
100,384
1,606
140,849
2,197
150,035
2,415
186,182
2,664
171,639
2,654
116,544
1,925
153,414
2,787
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 53,067
3,752
76,399
3,110
86,489
3,002
87,355
2,567
82,310
2,013
74,024
1,857
67,355
1,780
82,505
1,647
47,150
1,142
52,091
1,008
48,092
1,071
50,572
1,489
36,927
1,455
49,121
1,455
37,816
749
27,049
993
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 2,355
83
1,859
54
2,028
46
4,922
78
4,249
57
3,494
71
5,343
98
8,252
103
8,842
92
6,273
82
6,305
93
6,898
104
11,948
74
4,219
89
5,332
75
1,464
32
YEAR 1 Irrigated Cropland (MRBI/Ogallala) B000CPL10





























401
10
YEAR 2+ Irrigated Cropland (MRBI/Ogallala) B000CPL11





























358
5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















2
1
196
12
781
28
575
53
777
37
1,797
45
1,230
31
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 4,583
543
13,928
704
9,445
944
5,352
347
8,511
420
6,468
461
4,651
503
4,386
421
6,246
398
2,212
215
2,163
204
2,583
250
2,688
252
3,041
351
3,257
316
5,118
386
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







4,768
110
35,505
1,019
94,522
2,551
116,633
3,556
160,041
4,430
162,491
5,553
129,207
4,156
63,051
1,832
25,309
804
10,070
258
965
71
1,299
31
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







4,349
481
88,139
8,056
113,859
7,974
146,899
11,671
72,313
6,750
99,359
9,840
59,850
5,614
29,952
2,680
16,807
1,307
4,774
294
1,442
74
206
10
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 974,681
72,565
1,623,181
99,891
2,318,638
123,467
1,442,891
75,370
1,014,757
58,092
853,085
51,288
1,427,578
65,944
1,405,595
58,605
979,064
40,590
670,210
28,239
454,675
25,450
566,046
40,248
657,787
40,689
415,180
27,001
390,461
17,948
600,384
32,433
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























603,832
19,646
3,148,198
118,555
3,622,049
131,595
5,880,757
307,370
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 6,009,367
420,137
6,517,529
465,017
7,030,162
436,328
7,885,677
439,632
7,222,341
394,703
7,898,295
388,460
7,854,817
367,165
8,627,724
368,305
8,340,463
354,942
6,064,454
259,093
5,879,833
241,635
5,936,480
250,070
5,568,528
237,700
5,956,446
244,039
5,517,597
222,666
5,222,202
242,587
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 14
1
22
5


82
1
6
3
1,448
42
536
9
1,338
93
33
4














Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 2,867,371
119,617
4,166,947
180,201
5,346,770
212,090
5,505,627
204,022
4,678,939
156,913
4,605,066
153,029
4,456,224
146,088
4,533,893
147,878
4,185,299
144,920
3,048,500
123,881
2,929,743
124,975
2,674,629
111,143
2,801,299
116,771
3,097,951
129,956
3,347,390
134,518
3,855,666
153,944
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 1,613
74
796
39
459
39
495
28
285
34
358
27
762
43
299
56
639
52
321
32
285
33
23
1
191
37
57
5




Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)



















6,327
123
46,039
1,652
154,982
6,142
326,430
11,596
378,826
11,801
564,295
20,924
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 93
5




43
3
18
3
1,275
30
52
5


















Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 35,543
1,372
30,433
1,156
17,980
719
6,560
355
4,375
233
7,570
186
13,948
279
2,841
94
1,601
42
442
25
307
10
342
7
114
3


126
5


Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)









12
1
94
2
682
42




120
1










Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 6,630
152
12,319
196
8,514
247
9,178
185
6,114
138
9,070
149
9,754
236
9,109
223
8,418
227
2,437
55
1,716
39
1,217
19
1,027
6
1,416
28
194
25
18
5
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 6,395
325
6,410
333
6,207
285
6,229
414
6,541
364
8,703
477
12,266
553
14,202
535
49,967
2,042
32,639
1,198
18,704
562
4,293
101
1,603
18
358
5
21
2
19
2
Other 16,092
1,209
11,831
501
2,866
196
1,036
38
13,868
1,089
4,245
102
16,079
397
4,954
419
5,488
337
1,340
74
4,478
135
4,218
97
1,182
66
956
17
351
12
899
13
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year. Increases in FY 2016 to FY 2017 include the effect of adding CSP data.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 9,037,359
616,000
11,247,867
748,043
13,412,173
774,315
13,491,021
720,395
11,985,957
612,583
12,499,437
603,327
13,125,265
591,749
13,920,159
591,898
12,978,251
554,734
9,657,746
428,206
9,088,491
402,949
8,955,048
408,128
9,376,454
423,494
12,198,004
532,142
12,392,307
519,078
15,011,856
757,736
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability. This measure is intended as a step-wise measure to show progress towards implementing a Soil Health Management System (SHMS). A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Also at least two eligible conservation practices or a Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) bundle must be applied during the fiscal year. Eligible conservation practices are those that indicate progress toward a SHMS and include: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till and Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles count as two eligible practices.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 1,383,194
38,108
1,572,108
40,307
1,737,788
41,389
1,577,730
37,242
1,980,095
45,989
1,591,840
40,910
1,742,891
45,228
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328





15,336
209
115,235
1,787
159,664
3,309
333,358
8,355
Cover Crop 340 348,046
11,630
390,164
13,817
419,112
14,449
495,333
16,849
776,426
25,567
800,157
25,976
1,139,566
33,912
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340





21,508
314
121,754
2,274
193,800
5,070
392,781
11,133
Crop Bundle #18 - Precision Ag B000CPL18











963
16
Crop Bundle #19 - Soil Health Precision Ag B000CPL19











5,928
227
Crop Bundle #20 - Soil Health Assessment B000CPL20











4,048
71
Crop Bundle #22 - Erosion Bundle (Organic) B000CPL22











202
3
Crop Bundle#1 - Precision Ag, No till B000CPL1





555
4
77
1
3,257
51
3,399
42
Crop Bundle#2 - Precision Ag, Reduced till B000CPL2







817
14
1,954
20
3,353
46
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3





85
2
1,459
39
1,307
25
2,804
38
Crop Bundle#4 - Soil health rotation, Reduced till B000CPL4





679
11
1,122
18
1,330
22
1,470
24
Crop Bundle#5 - Soil Health Assessment, No till B000CPL5





502
6
2,829
37
5,084
130
3,473
79
Crop Bundle#6 - Soil Health Assessment, Reduced till B000CPL6





2,535
26
3,789
43
9,878
117
1,679
27
MRBI Bundle#1 - Irrigated Cropland B000MRB1







538
4
1,489
13
1,489
13
MRBI Bundle#2 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #1 B000MRB2







5,910
212
7,316
171
9,276
242
MRBI Bundle#3 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #2 B000MRB3







1,059
67
780
11
2,047
84
MRBI Bundle#4 - Cropland with Water Bodies, No till B000MRB4







139
2


139
2
Non-Irrigated Cropland (MRBI) B000CPL13











1,070
6
Non-Irrigated Cropland with Water Bodies (MRBI) B000CPL16











201
1
Non-Irrigated Precision Ag (MRBI) B000CPL12











1,303
45
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 594,814
14,508
833,198
17,363
904,289
16,757
841,788
15,272
1,002,209
18,023
781,470
15,984
769,734
18,991
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345





1,297
40
77,869
1,963
119,006
2,776
248,786
7,701
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 845,331
24,556
807,993
24,439
899,563
24,982
773,421
21,974
968,678
27,929
823,997
24,827
916,382
28,012
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329





2,585
25
40,236
898
82,007
2,617
142,849
4,879
YEAR 2+ Irrigated Cropland (MRBI/Ogallala) B000CPL11











358
5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
Program 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

138
10








84
11
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 95
12
8
2
529
48
2
2
225
18
863
41
2,123
113
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) 13,104
545
12,535
480
3,704
126
1,443
105
257
6




Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI) 7,380
1,116
5,890
961
2,042
342
490
80






Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 2,287
81
773
63
1,395
114
5,351
86
2,688
132
657
16
4,042
204
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)





34,497
1,117
240,744
9,192
355,021
17,484
633,034
40,430
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 1,270,031
72,042
1,461,670
77,080
1,590,559
80,321
1,487,153
69,057
1,799,323
85,598
1,489,071
76,360
1,522,591
84,886
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 273,860
14,861
320,233
17,281
316,503
16,430
374,430
20,928
487,433
28,231
488,713
26,003
594,604
31,047
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)

412
6
4,947
161
13,122
595
41,931
1,690
62,946
2,123
60,856
2,487
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 45
1
267
4










Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)

120
1










Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 3,127
130
547
30
141
8








Other 343
14
396
8
1,232
27
163
4


163
2
184
4
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year. Increases in FY 2016 to FY 2017 include the effect of adding CSP data.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,417,523
88,802
1,632,966
95,926
1,740,739
97,577
1,691,886
91,974
2,197,841
124,867
1,953,721
122,029
2,263,420
159,182
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to a Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS)

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland SHMS or cropland on which a system of practices to sustain or improve soil health was applied during the fiscal year. A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Three eligible core conservation practices must be in place. They are: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till or Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles fulfil the requirements of a Cropland SHMS.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 125,860
4,313
128,874
4,015
124,023
4,007
135,680
4,511
235,076
7,373
211,621
6,204
287,177
9,002
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328





1,364
21
16,938
367
31,914
922
85,624
2,775
Cover Crop 340 121,363
3,999
126,919
3,968
124,878
4,011
131,573
4,378
237,017
7,441
217,128
6,266
280,780
8,736
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340





3,346
46
20,530
386
48,016
1,084
106,590
2,859
Crop Bundle #18 - Precision Ag B000CPL18











963
16
Crop Bundle #19 - Soil Health Precision Ag B000CPL19











829
17
Crop Bundle #20 - Soil Health Assessment B000CPL20











926
13
Crop Bundle #22 - Erosion Bundle (Organic) B000CPL22











202
3
Crop Bundle#1 - Precision Ag, No till B000CPL1





555
4
77
1
3,257
51
3,399
42
Crop Bundle#2 - Precision Ag, Reduced till B000CPL2







817
14
1,954
20
3,353
46
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3





28
1
112
1
288
2
308
4
Crop Bundle#4 - Soil health rotation, Reduced till B000CPL4







138
1




Crop Bundle#5 - Soil Health Assessment, No till B000CPL5





280
3
981
9
2,068
53
1,561
18
Crop Bundle#6 - Soil Health Assessment, Reduced till B000CPL6





1,127
13
1,449
19
2,619
35
1,015
16
MRBI Bundle#2 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #1 B000MRB2







92
5
799
12
812
13
MRBI Bundle#3 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #2 B000MRB3









780
11
780
11
MRBI Bundle#4 - Cropland with Water Bodies, No till B000MRB4







139
2


139
2
Non-Irrigated Precision Ag (MRBI) B000CPL12











899
28
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 34,499
987
37,007
976
31,903
863
39,998
1,190
65,598
1,619
65,908
1,463
109,852
3,204
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345





159
4
6,529
222
12,044
310
36,639
1,194
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 88,023
3,162
93,872
3,082
94,726
3,216
97,711
3,408
170,249
5,868
148,903
4,800
210,853
7,146
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329





214
2
10,020
215
21,016
661
47,576
1,697
YEAR 2+ Irrigated Cropland (MRBI/Ogallala) B000CPL11











358
5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland SHMS were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
Program 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA)







14
4
156
6
325
16
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)





155
20






Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI) 504
104
1,275
254
553
68
173
26






Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 368
22
233
7
578
36
1,021
43
2,008
99
72
7
588
14
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)





4,213
156
30,007
1,445
65,382
4,205
116,190
10,410
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 91,988
9,135
101,496
8,641
100,097
9,233
105,359
9,562
187,277
16,461
166,463
13,261
220,289
21,831
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 48,070
3,122
53,331
3,117
49,980
2,735
60,840
3,743
84,841
5,356
71,493
4,191
77,294
4,202
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)

185
3
1,714
18
2,062
27
4,947
178
8,018
224
12,401
374
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 45
1












Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 1,942
77
231
18
109
6








Other

71
1
63
1
163
4






Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to a Cropland SHMS. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year. Increases in FY 2016 to FY 2017 include the effect of adding CSP data.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 107,352
12,461
117,134
12,041
113,143
12,097
125,711
13,581
224,345
23,543
227,196
21,894
313,395
36,847
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for Fish & Wildlife Habitat and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to Fish & Wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Access Control 472 804,032
40,453
1,270,178
54,852
2,021,455
59,927
1,681,992
45,555
1,495,462
33,469
1,137,524
31,476
1,841,648
42,761
1,715,281
40,048
1,535,867
31,072
1,135,727
20,617
841,244
22,162
881,589
28,608
1,227,787
30,407
939,351
25,712
644,861
14,813
1,318,056
24,732
Access Control - Enhancements E472























3,648
5
12,347
81
27,167
104
44,800
118
Aquatic Organism Passage 396 3,970
14
2,797
22
2,768
52
5,350
65
12,650
68
6,914
55
7,428
56
31,041
43
13,480
40
25,498
37
76,075
35
1,926
26
60,481
43
297,631
63
250,187
55
201,531
62
Buffer Bundle#1 B000BFF1

























147
1


25
4
Conservation Cover 327 943,261
41,185
1,770,194
60,138
3,295,628
90,174
1,865,000
55,695
1,460,025
39,937
1,081,684
34,357
2,122,917
55,970
1,958,771
54,800
1,644,012
43,099
1,034,572
29,393
892,319
25,701
1,055,632
37,231
1,566,026
37,285
963,826
27,569
1,179,037
22,021
1,793,461
37,371
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327























963
23
48,563
1,580
106,256
2,215
121,413
3,541
Crop Bundle #19 - Soil Health Precision Ag B000CPL19





























5,928
227
Crop Bundle #20 - Soil Health Assessment B000CPL20





























4,048
71
Crop Bundle #22 - Erosion Bundle (Organic) B000CPL22





























202
3
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3























85
2
1,463
40
1,307
25
2,804
38
Crop Bundle#4 - Soil health rotation, Reduced till B000CPL4























679
11
1,122
18
1,330
22
1,470
24
Crop Bundle#5 - Soil Health Assessment, No till B000CPL5























502
6
2,920
39
5,175
132
3,473
79
Crop Bundle#6 - Soil Health Assessment, Reduced till B000CPL6























2,535
26
3,789
43
9,878
117
1,679
27
Crop Bundle#7 - Soil Health -"Organic" B000CPL7





























19
7
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 95,157
4,684
340,827
11,166
262,813
9,919
295,311
9,746
240,152
8,540
208,068
8,801
348,589
10,705
325,737
9,786
283,622
9,168
286,953
8,140
355,295
6,328
424,681
7,544
633,725
9,218
502,616
8,170
639,595
6,826
311,020
7,798
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management - Enhancements E647

























2,944
53
16,255
332
151,129
2,266
Forest Bundle#1 B000FST1





























17,460
83
Grazing Bundle 1 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ1



























138
9
1,168
63
Grazing Bundle 2 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ2





























28
2
Grazing Bundle 5 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ5





























616
19
Hedgerow Planting 422 4,405
217
6,732
321
6,839
236
8,605
254
11,101
272
7,624
289
9,532
322
14,936
348
8,599
310
9,223
235
9,454
223
7,787
194
5,941
220
10,916
282
73,878
327
7,778
254
Longleaf Pine Bundle#1 B000LLP1





























12
1
Longleaf Pine Bundle#2 B000LLP2

























209
7
1,207
21
6,991
116
MRBI Bundle#6 - Pastureland B000MRB6

























442
29


442
29
Pasture Bundle 5 B000PST5





























262
23
Pasture Bundle#1 - Organic B000PST1



























78
3
78
3
Range Bundle#2 B000RNG2



























26,233
50
16,093
40
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 124,905
3,363
243,794
7,302
320,429
6,601
291,632
4,667
329,673
3,934
281,697
4,232
823,218
6,615
467,893
5,537
363,936
4,374
388,598
3,391
234,467
2,378
206,378
2,480
299,061
3,136
97,367
1,543
88,577
828
129,543
1,204
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 151,102
6,909
215,535
7,322
335,700
7,608
224,748
5,649
123,934
4,113
66,039
3,266
62,781
3,335
83,800
2,756
40,580
2,131
28,112
1,508
55,155
2,009
79,838
2,993
50,280
3,052
107,949
3,342
82,351
1,678
42,381
2,044
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391























447
9
2,362
35
13,474
56
49,951
183
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 19,607
580
25,171
980
125,402
772
34,148
748
14,064
615
33,468
849
185,093
1,032
24,627
879
15,645
775
7,282
445
14,256
488
12,492
516
21,571
357
13,235
471
4,073
277
39,922
610
Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390























107
1
2,406
44
5,402
44
4,892
30
Shallow Water Development and Management 646 19,176
670
38,456
953
62,234
787
21,117
585
24,871
540
41,757
581
472,756
7,766
201,208
3,572
236,042
4,940
134,869
2,449
116,278
1,793
38,384
547
106,701
1,107
47,354
719
22,378
447
28,644
696
Shallow Water Development and Management - Enhancements E646























31
1
64,097
1,377
121,966
2,063
349,688
5,642
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 9,062
81
6,936
160
51,450
367
77,366
358
22,251
276
28,547
244
56,572
137
17,295
197
18,507
154
15,035
149
48,654
81
117,095
139
30,368
161
50,426
116
79,539
180
150,219
224
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management - Enhancements E395

























1,000
2
2,168
16
1,961
13
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 57,897
611
354,759
1,207
67,724
892
79,917
742
111,174
814
67,314
643
76,951
523
39,604
618
47,775
523
44,600
525
160,846
603
66,532
552
49,027
599
265,565
712
215,548
708
309,570
987
Streambank and Shoreline Protection - Enhancements E580























509
2
1,939
3
7,203
8
3,433
17
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 9,415,571
83,542
13,105,564
120,382
15,306,012
157,058
15,357,065
127,945
12,965,944
99,672
12,642,556
82,311
12,540,804
85,497
11,048,241
76,916
9,791,715
58,406
7,890,087
41,749
7,882,959
38,529
6,808,710
42,236
7,959,611
41,247
8,092,088
42,450
8,579,497
33,899
6,680,944
36,856
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management - Enhancements E645























2,047
12
3,946
13
76,306
63
13,145
100
Wetland Creation 658 22,942
339
26,261
442
22,431
423
22,864
302
29,930
209
18,304
205
13,177
169
5,590
143
4,105
75
4,087
61
3,965
39
10,293
63
3,732
54
6,109
53
4,541
30
1,880
35
Wetland Enhancement 659 207,338
1,008
283,587
1,128
152,748
1,559
173,440
1,346
204,916
1,409
157,823
1,307
270,031
1,259
179,993
1,434
149,572
862
288,132
226
23,783
142
2,549
87
3,365
69
8,812
126
1,779
73
4,541
30
Wetland Restoration 657 264,289
6,865
401,089
7,581
297,185
7,345
314,146
6,406
336,742
5,490
291,906
5,743
277,611
5,704
328,259
6,271
215,793
5,396
91,298
2,178
110,954
2,320
84,522
2,981
61,192
1,978
71,340
1,910
41,216
1,791
25,897
993
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 559,221
7,035
741,297
8,635
1,220,648
10,074
613,318
8,207
795,166
6,676
530,382
5,820
501,716
5,290
355,686
7,288
275,326
5,679
184,763
3,255
215,021
3,666
277,448
5,871
303,844
5,163
322,582
5,104
322,697
4,556
221,227
3,934
Working Lands for Wildlife Bundle B000WLW

























994
32
17,164
66
2,982
96
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish & Wildlife habitat Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish & wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















665
5
4,624
104
5,332
134
4,328
205
3,948
139
5,519
190
1,479
45
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 1,916
35
316
22
856
17
2,291
33
280
20
263
21
219
3
1,084
15
2,600
27
15
3
58
7
101
9
46
5
76
5
63
8
35
6
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







3,384
24
13,592
49
4,447
76
6,412
82
1,747
79
1,214
44
807
28
607
8
73
4
217
3




Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







32
4
2,047
122
3,487
177
5,411
282
5,730
279
7,577
329
6,779
220
3,781
178
2,711
103
1,109
42
124
6
33
1
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 1,197,167
120,447
2,103,719
181,816
2,910,127
213,799
1,949,456
141,384
1,357,251
104,680
1,112,755
88,456
1,864,391
112,987
1,736,395
101,505
1,360,133
78,941
927,722
55,144
672,320
48,033
944,612
75,801
1,085,767
79,779
797,621
60,752
669,749
39,494
829,970
61,665
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























15,882
200
156,990
4,038
449,572
6,473
581,430
12,496
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 7,680,543
57,909
10,026,585
76,398
10,943,185
108,714
11,011,462
98,605
9,822,783
75,277
9,500,918
66,680
10,278,455
78,608
8,024,302
72,482
7,729,867
59,876
6,082,464
40,386
6,217,437
43,015
5,842,684
44,274
6,133,376
42,186
7,072,471
44,040
7,166,555
36,001
5,370,694
42,027
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 4,607
177
11,798
1,133
9,402
78
32,524
181
54,235
198
2,992
112
3,653
114
3,726
192
359
28
410
23
403
7
165
9
537
23






Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 693,531
5,905
1,002,610
8,265
2,047,920
13,168
1,570,184
12,812
2,033,063
11,572
2,204,673
10,459
1,827,049
15,154
2,563,725
17,298
1,966,049
13,788
1,426,028
10,053
1,382,424
9,695
800,193
8,255
642,528
8,327
704,909
9,136
733,708
8,946
586,869
9,968
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 53,021
581
100,040
608
57,420
388
33,542
336
19,872
185
40,479
267
36,657
221
19,086
221
22,936
82
46,770
119
47,832
128
27,515
77
30,759
139
13,825
88
14,476
27
2,853
139
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)











71
4
58
27
47
3
1,242
3
233
5
273
5
1,851
34
235
18
831
9
328
4
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)



















13
1
26,693
422
91,734
1,697
137,846
2,312
202,515
2,184
246,919
4,159
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 28
13
1,932
25




27
10






















Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 1,469
42
470
16
625
43
377
29
370
34
544
57
1,577
17
24
1
478
3














Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)







487
3






















Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 248,407
5,994
297,900
7,065
247,908
6,483
241,448
4,827
219,574
4,872
212,757
4,557
217,892
5,632
325,760
7,380
277,996
7,521
85,176
2,286
49,884
1,564
27,210
960
15,385
587
26,219
790
5,838
212
3,164
76
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 295,902
6,256
986,226
7,188
1,013,437
11,094
1,403,756
10,053
765,811
9,139
892,354
9,392
1,185,018
14,131
773,631
11,140
409,568
6,309
514,336
5,933
371,446
3,600
200,603
1,932
115,844
866
85,167
372
46,573
208
5,265
98
Other 8,062
197
2,846
55
1,733
10
300
10
135
16
231
7
460
17
376
11
1,068
68
554
30
2,270
90
817
4
1,123
39
755
4
688
97
441
11
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year. Increases in FY 2016 to FY 2017 include the effect of adding CSP data.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 10,050,455
197,556
14,046,613
282,591
16,515,143
353,794
15,915,402
268,270
14,042,441
206,034
13,785,234
180,179
15,141,964
227,141
13,128,467
210,636
11,502,518
167,004
8,958,027
114,358
8,641,346
106,497
7,774,463
132,068
8,040,767
134,194
8,896,411
121,739
9,164,707
93,855
7,493,566
130,695
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement, thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Access Control 472 31,392
1,144
34,954
1,317
79,747
2,224
74,501
2,327
76,720
1,983
218,508
3,308
189,145
3,942
176,424
3,198
196,727
3,019
150,250
2,102
186,992
1,922
104,202
1,835
98,203
1,949
104,956
1,775
101,889
1,580
164,177
1,577
Access Control - Enhancements E472























1,909
1


14,089
3
23,028
4
Brush Management 314 6,267
96
31,204
175
37,323
208
28,222
244
80,221
249
59,020
366
412,317
606
187,181
1,356
443,163
2,028
711,097
2,304
406,793
2,288
403,099
2,435
295,147
2,874
445,678
3,526
652,253
3,856
494,710
4,785
Brush Management - Enhancements E314

























2,348
53
11,599
145
23,360
353
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 6,487
148
92,289
196
25,392
317
58,180
517
44,943
463
52,932
584
130,194
903
114,979
1,062
93,834
829
102,522
780
197,091
866
132,396
989
198,462
875
220,383
963
484,910
1,017
168,955
847
Firebreak 394 18,732
317
32,551
618
169,770
1,389
186,612
1,634
201,960
1,597
198,562
2,010
197,342
1,961
166,851
2,016
185,508
1,977
222,958
2,568
219,007
2,498
277,382
2,527
299,204
2,966
439,326
3,192
561,058
3,498
427,255
3,308
Forest Bundle#1 B000FST1





























17,175
82
Forest Stand Improvement 666 146,871
2,749
288,686
3,617
634,565
6,874
840,663
6,829
1,143,627
6,635
2,113,040
9,720
1,585,635
11,079
1,514,288
9,262
1,640,448
8,151
1,363,530
7,569
1,736,905
6,556
1,660,732
6,363
1,026,043
6,437
2,868,795
7,217
3,455,113
6,666
2,123,135
7,606
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666























109,810
83
192,125
2,256
207,190
1,915
562,449
5,967
Forest Trails and Landings 655 7,403
101
25,577
117
29,420
312
32,352
231
116,245
274
70,330
485
73,484
530
67,333
495
52,288
333
61,621
468
86,562
446
73,764
435
81,291
528
58,831
487
80,056
486
62,217
396
Fuel Break 383

668
4
10,672
16
4,138
51
4,505
56
11,462
49
36,159
129
37,867
168
55,599
143
39,769
93
153,565
120
273,502
139
490,798
149
29,869
154
73,881
140
115,533
175
Herbaceous Weed Control 315











16,019
104
40,550
418
89,319
733
103,296
1,064
175,344
1,173
238,860
1,377
221,110
1,423
245,675
1,903
370,373
1,955
403,425
2,379
Herbaceous Weed Control - Enhancements E315























3,100
72
18,437
136
38,037
237
58,283
384
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 32,586
646
101,343
846
111,114
1,364
169,886
1,626
252,236
1,673
457,804
2,523
240,967
2,542
208,325
1,800
120,478
1,179
65,758
999
71,950
897
44,822
924
42,506
648
75,751
1,426
59,155
920
91,417
2,048
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595

























82
2
14
1
26,682
472
Longleaf Pine Bundle#1 B000LLP1





























12
1
Longleaf Pine Bundle#2 B000LLP2

























209
7
1,207
21
6,986
114
Multi-Story Cropping 379











38
1
2
1
649
4
165
1
455
3
1,790
4
7
1
4
2
11
1
1
2
Prescribed Burning 338 32,576
423
36,132
584
165,393
1,608
193,064
1,896
255,384
1,956
269,117
2,315
271,309
2,713
209,612
2,500
278,196
3,126
630,194
4,060
348,115
3,718
480,727
3,964
680,573
4,520
724,934
5,164
2,511,928
5,041
661,286
5,073
Prescribed Burning - Enhancements E338























546
5
109,320
148
49,796
395
215,599
1,295
Prescribed Forestry 409



62,732
522
59,229
936
130,835
1,451
89,419
909
61,903
534
13,471
129
5,584
36
34
1
257
5
32
1








Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 2,414
50
7,120
104
19,084
201
11,711
240
83,572
344
46,667
476
45,931
522
77,269
808
58,354
801
78,306
536
36,349
382
26,588
284
20,260
162
11,930
185
39,102
235
25,361
157
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 9,479
520
7,544
524
25,762
554
16,335
402
19,561
365
19,889
308
17,153
349
25,723
274
15,292
213
7,637
191
23,866
145
9,010
235
15,475
387
74,201
460
54,101
154
12,623
246
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391























447
9
2,201
28
11,871
34
38,103
152
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390



























668
3
889
15
Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390



























10
4


Road/Trail/Landing Closure and Treatment 654







125
1
353
3
2,563
3
8,050
5
394,916
13
162,151
7
10,568
19
907
8
6,948
18
9,052
20
15,371
33
4,795
16
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 1,109
4
1,790
6
22,484
19
3,995
16
4,993
21
6,244
21
2,357
10
10,585
31
5,689
29
4,347
40
44,832
22
109,923
25
24,445
68
39,532
45
68,790
51
136,692
104
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management - Enhancements E395

























1,000
2
1,239
11
1,961
13
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 56,480
1,748
73,890
2,080
276,276
2,720
252,948
3,260
340,777
2,507
411,009
3,174
335,542
3,805
349,742
3,834
1,154,986
4,181
1,105,205
4,292
381,283
4,193
387,995
3,854
1,185,537
4,365
520,933
4,131
680,816
4,533
537,142
4,743
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612

























13,210
131
59,446
373
62,278
632
Tree/Shrub Pruning 660 3,210
67
10,725
97
13,776
182
15,339
204
20,248
255
33,584
305
37,985
401
82,440
463
124,520
434
262,536
353
302,477
352
176,111
324
400,084
401
162,868
430
223,640
415
219,033
434
Tree/Shrub Site Preparation 490 31,846
1,040
99,939
1,418
101,489
1,766
110,159
2,353
134,002
2,085
182,210
2,501
171,996
2,639
346,308
3,249
635,724
3,568
786,044
3,548
251,929
3,660
437,435
3,750
522,806
3,907
443,725
4,179
766,401
4,383
418,090
4,538
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 263,707
3,632
296,432
4,906
653,201
9,350
783,989
9,539
805,842
8,447
1,299,332
7,456
1,176,049
8,196
955,829
7,862
1,102,872
6,285
677,044
5,900
632,194
5,177
487,834
4,675
619,009
4,859
784,159
5,064
924,410
4,360
889,679
5,069
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management - Enhancements E645



























329
5
1,697
18
Woody Residue Treatment 384

293
12
6,430
85
55,205
207
62,615
421
90,091
661
195,022
850
364,752
1,063
298,633
995
622,391
894
664,623
919
778,214
959
529,990
1,095
553,845
1,415
1,449,085
1,518
893,151
1,796
Woody Residue Treatment - Enhancements E384



























119
1
356
7
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Forest Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of forest and grazed forest land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















112
1


146
4
1,132
8
121
4
258
7
95
2
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 48
6
239
5


255
2


2
6
133
1






64
5
47
5
86
9
5
2
5
1
12
1
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







171
7
17
3
22
2


4
1
84
1
28
2










Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)









432
22
2,052
34
5,603
117
5,497
114
6,562
121
5,029
65
1,192
25
1,176
26
556
6
59
2
33
1
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 10,275
1,971
20,723
2,697
25,380
2,734
20,311
2,341
12,113
1,321
16,123
1,344
12,959
1,479
10,796
981
5,888
686
5,020
859
4,362
857
5,699
1,789
4,872
1,286
4,613
916
10,006
911
5,042
968
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























57,341
347
191,102
3,723
232,062
4,001
473,415
11,648
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 285,958
6,986
314,335
8,065
678,805
14,781
773,737
15,296
878,596
13,219
1,325,927
16,094
1,209,612
16,955
883,076
12,954
1,292,793
12,031
849,732
10,717
709,109
9,644
744,159
8,898
686,238
9,868
890,611
11,603
1,271,195
9,624
1,047,475
11,050
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 8,809
43
44,553
187
84,824
1,100
92,959
1,570
92,475
1,303
4,232
113
849
36
380
37


42
2
414
4


106
7


5,789
4


Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 97,111
2,365
244,144
4,596
604,869
8,986
760,713
11,068
1,049,912
12,009
1,485,103
15,443
1,279,366
16,799
1,532,730
17,535
1,752,408
19,298
1,876,265
19,360
1,636,320
21,349
1,349,932
22,307
1,503,677
24,713
1,804,975
26,230
1,961,741
27,603
1,615,224
29,320
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 144
6
55
2
40
6
33
3


5
1
94
12
378
3
62
2
7
3










27
24
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)





91
1
1,085
1


145
14
57
43
850
15


140
1
273
8
1,860
171
30
33
787
13
251
1
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)



















701
18
30,883
367
80,601
760
119,656
1,603
228,539
1,674
203,133
1,713
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD)

243
4




























Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 5,403
13
378
10
3
1




14
1
13
1


105
1














Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 3,033
27
1,302
22
9,553
63
1,111
38
1,727
43
2,017
56
1,212
35
3,974
54
1,471
57
854
47
1,202
37
1,085
19
1,233
55
2,265
70
87
6


Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 40,491
964
51,219
977
88,672
2,030
107,918
2,183
141,775
2,876
368,883
4,087
520,579
6,434
417,569
8,264
296,938
5,866
382,224
6,659
287,581
3,379
125,251
1,685
100,826
552
72,306
309
43,962
143
5,839
80
Other 5,427
304
1,026
56
896
10
252
10
127
4
132
4
261
17
206
6
22
6








40
2
230
1


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Forest Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year. Increases in FY 2016 to FY 2017 include the effect of adding CSP data.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 429,783
12,685
622,620
16,621
1,340,382
29,711
1,566,111
32,512
1,934,023
30,783
3,007,769
37,174
2,723,228
41,819
2,648,173
39,994
2,614,995
38,077
2,990,752
37,770
2,440,461
35,361
2,118,022
35,107
2,177,966
37,802
2,790,539
44,501
3,159,630
43,990
2,995,676
54,808
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Access Road 560 102,887
210
37,182
300
77,007
342
47,510
312
187,483
308
109,668
336
228,140
328
223,362
371
225,984
289
489,855
311
87,947
225
48,592
248
89,567
251
55,704
303
126,332
291
40,945
281
Animal Trails and Walkways 575 11,684
279
9,434
398
19,207
399
96,880
523
56,344
407
19,588
418
32,858
481
28,587
492
11,279
332
20,605
260
40,625
240
11,437
217
8,150
216
4,886
190
6,624
278
23,331
296
Brush Management 314 2,477,732
6,954
2,829,259
9,632
3,689,530
9,456
5,450,616
10,950
4,117,216
10,584
4,822,937
10,540
5,017,913
11,168
7,778,581
11,250
4,324,788
10,664
5,267,951
9,137
7,622,978
8,652
4,933,450
8,497
6,292,983
8,666
6,539,892
8,530
7,101,488
8,795
6,342,220
9,177
Brush Management - Enhancements E314























1,302
4
22,797
138
40,101
142
55,879
245
Channel Bank Vegetation 322 1,280
6
170
3
2,792
9
1,626
7
1,315
8
1,297
27
1,959
22
2,997
28
374
5
408
7
14
3
273
2
14
2






Channel Bed Stabilization 584 1,304
19
53
5
12,921
21
144
14
104
7
5,716
20
6,902
15
2,846
17
14,955
16
1,257
28
3,047
60
481
21
1,098
21
1,650
31
1,414
14
3,466
30
Critical Area Planting 342 90,511
1,402
111,486
1,747
263,957
1,890
164,698
2,009
219,790
2,003
157,501
1,995
193,352
1,961
185,647
2,006
145,312
1,769
309,749
1,678
253,396
1,751
109,734
1,769
128,789
1,577
140,008
1,547
243,226
1,414
106,388
1,316
Fence 382 1,953,949
11,133
3,556,513
17,761
3,467,782
19,407
3,801,169
20,992
3,983,915
20,519
4,410,594
20,062
4,143,578
19,743
4,169,595
19,396
4,697,340
16,330
3,063,850
14,291
2,869,938
14,984
3,087,003
15,782
3,100,990
15,362
3,419,303
16,411
3,819,489
16,150
4,808,502
15,830
Fence - Enhancements E382























8,337
24
38,710
129
59,549
127
61,539
215
Forage Harvest Management 511 131,600
5,747
137,566
5,417
165,627
6,628
163,068
6,217
142,395
4,902
148,891
5,265
164,606
6,560
184,441
7,150
172,266
6,401
92,092
3,295
58,295
2,271
40,966
1,588
42,746
1,336
41,145
1,489
55,998
1,913
56,907
1,585
Forage Harvest Management - Enhancements E511























616
36
3,734
101
24,231
427
30,873
634
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 331,101
10,529
324,799
12,441
384,972
13,237
513,834
13,868
471,611
12,624
363,585
11,184
309,952
10,186
317,769
10,123
332,868
11,203
262,800
7,803
248,993
7,023
272,500
6,844
323,523
6,552
303,688
7,687
369,777
7,147
317,411
7,313
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512

























16,675
668
24,323
866
38,587
1,462
Grazing Bundle 1 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ1



























138
9
1,168
63
Grazing Bundle 2 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ2





























28
2
Grazing Bundle 5 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ5





























616
19
Grazing Land Mechanical Treatment 548 32,060
107
28,293
118
52,584
106
119,386
107
96,735
187
44,511
357
29,105
217
17,050
126
11,733
63
16,885
173
8,336
42
14,502
46
2,016
28
5,389
35
43,897
23
54,584
61
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 42,919
1,727
78,420
2,760
126,137
4,000
163,105
4,581
154,175
4,195
259,962
4,476
280,272
4,634
336,186
4,525
428,155
4,511
555,785
4,972
509,535
6,641
558,836
7,359
568,862
7,719
480,770
8,483
417,428
8,349
574,814
8,411
Herbaceous Weed Control 315











43,864
922
317,077
5,126
609,670
8,012
603,432
6,963
699,031
7,560
743,929
7,683
826,120
8,842
1,088,773
11,586
1,320,399
11,462
1,713,288
12,660
Herbaceous Weed Control - Enhancements E315























19,297
221
119,036
1,910
255,710
2,106
422,666
5,096
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 1,479,738
31,695
2,083,059
32,053
2,264,380
32,964
2,357,743
32,117
2,194,465
28,219
2,299,829
26,090
1,886,302
21,501
1,413,884
17,916
1,195,966
13,162
875,150
7,427
537,198
6,472
392,786
5,540
286,326
5,005
255,541
5,126
307,652
6,277
648,511
6,814
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595























23
2
7,456
323
58,483
1,068
132,264
3,980
Livestock Pipeline 516 3,133,288
8,649
3,930,590
12,443
3,751,972
13,371
5,091,794
13,958
4,591,847
12,765
4,924,297
12,282
4,394,120
12,316
4,657,188
12,717
5,113,551
12,347
4,214,683
10,079
4,097,422
10,528
3,570,481
10,481
4,534,269
10,330
4,108,954
10,721
4,742,197
10,458
4,656,390
10,485
Livestock Shelter Structure 576



























28,170
97
34,207
123
MRBI Bundle#6 - Pastureland B000MRB6

























442
29


442
29
Nutrient Management 590 950,382
33,899
957,551
35,062
972,632
34,562
917,830
32,813
771,355
26,272
663,194
23,672
690,969
22,202
620,157
21,720
501,105
16,990
332,326
11,880
315,695
9,860
191,283
7,902
160,242
6,247
171,245
6,743
188,851
7,826
182,070
6,477
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590

























1,949
82
6,802
218
20,717
636
Pasture Bundle 5 B000PST5





























232
22
Pasture Bundle#1 - Organic B000PST1



























78
3
78
3
Pasture Bundle#2 B000PST2

























10
1
188
19
629
37
Pasture Bundle#3 -- Soil Health B000PST3



























55
8


Pond 378 369,574
2,144
394,721
2,771
413,082
2,390
402,536
2,533
504,434
2,203
545,726
1,915
367,045
1,931
327,410
1,637
415,235
1,622
255,087
1,054
130,909
1,020
359,629
1,096
250,746
884
235,189
913
2,058,467
612
159,855
511
Prescribed Burning 338 209,598
838
119,066
631
214,086
873
382,516
1,237
250,558
1,041
242,581
1,124
294,221
1,202
207,431
729
169,181
547
441,276
712
144,418
550
192,023
502
182,351
551
128,365
504
1,916,389
680
280,800
761
Prescribed Burning - Enhancements E338

























803
3
4,767
40
6,504
55
Prescribed Grazing 528 15,924,262
77,658
15,211,939
82,800
17,213,623
84,250
17,451,334
80,411
17,211,725
75,661
17,604,950
75,802
19,866,061
82,249
20,937,991
81,079
19,785,644
75,295
14,233,498
54,219
14,294,232
51,226
11,572,447
43,533
12,660,552
43,853
12,728,285
47,151
13,000,593
48,640
13,348,254
49,103
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528























88,367
494
1,887,346
9,329
2,768,352
13,056
4,358,522
23,070
Pumping Plant 533 428,629
591
533,323
804
873,784
981
1,165,155
1,474
1,754,031
1,510
2,410,924
2,004
1,543,513
2,076
2,109,152
2,315
2,737,032
2,655
1,521,402
2,332
1,824,078
2,489
1,699,707
2,165
1,832,197
2,280
1,700,105
2,540
2,115,234
2,625
1,703,177
2,400
Range Bundle#2 B000RNG2



























26,233
50
16,093
40
Range Planting 550 149,874
777
217,832
1,013
380,169
1,119
500,214
1,365
494,302
1,047
421,513
1,120
423,022
912
343,294
893
509,328
869
371,583
947
529,393
883
416,688
710
444,914
876
403,455
782
507,583
1,110
717,788
1,104
Range Planting - Enhancements E550























42
1
44,277
30
19,748
45
33,994
60
Silvopasture Establishment 381 49
3
24
1
704
13
155
2
328
14
505
7
706
19
1,559
14
61
4
458
24
1,586
8
2,003
27
1,949
24
383
11
2,522
61
5,499
101
Silvopasture Establishment - Enhancements E381

























40
1
726
22
150
4
Spring Development 574



























259,734
259
520,805
264
Stream Crossing 578



























132,701
367
45,653
384
Stream Crossing - Enhancements E578



























1,265
3
352
3
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 11,247
302
16,659
369
29,282
448
18,084
349
45,479
373
36,091
286
24,279
191
13,388
235
16,528
161
22,275
195
136,037
249
22,182
237
22,144
259
21,550
297
18,934
310
19,720
355
Streambank and Shoreline Protection - Enhancements E580























438
1
438
1
7,103
3
1,235
3
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 561
5
1,019
13
928
19
563
5
59,271
9
294
5
63,585
7
194
3
446
7
285
5
165
3
20
1


62
3


120
8
Waste Recycling 633 105,001
4,310
84,163
4,013
115,619
3,967
91,253
3,788
62,960
2,845
67,607
3,412
59,160
2,357
47,543
2,313
38,009
1,759
23,057
912
13,493
580
14,468
432
7,891
347
8,736
405
10,232
448
5,907
173
Water Well 642 823,922
1,967
978,585
2,515
1,009,141
2,551
1,210,335
2,878
1,179,326
2,252
1,662,597
2,274
1,007,174
2,077
1,104,853
2,312
1,668,276
2,839
1,224,156
2,103
811,456
2,021
800,736
1,665
1,041,060
1,737
878,408
1,899
1,117,533
2,121
677,522
1,666
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 32,672
129
10,755
174
13,900
181
10,610
194
17,117
178
11,778
181
50,710
158
8,169
163
12,455
130
3,335
96
5,362
134
13,921
141
6,766
141
13,774
160
7,014
166
7,381
165
Watering Facility 614 3,715,416
10,345
5,293,285
14,534
5,521,955
16,295
7,562,420
17,354
7,290,902
15,709
8,636,865
14,979
7,231,778
15,087
8,148,660
15,733
9,227,758
14,641
9,238,124
12,461
7,623,129
13,006
5,673,900
13,360
6,847,742
13,444
6,904,371
13,980
8,084,484
13,358
9,124,220
13,147
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 69,878
409
79,461
450
65,790
368
98,876
465
86,003
408
119,836
466
71,939
415
71,082
380
33,840
253
56,808
283
48,580
321
42,920
260
28,435
233
45,502
317
42,621
300
44,287
306
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 225
7
1,250
13
1,057
10
4,557
13
801
7
1,180
21
2,003
17
3,440
27
3,790
38
3,249
41
7,894
75
5,609
42
2,746
44
2,188
24
1,164
18
1,380
17
Working Lands for Wildlife Bundle B000WLW

























994
32
17,164
66
2,982
96
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Grazing Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of grazing land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















383
4
24
2
661
5
204
4
3,058
11
1,111
4
438
20
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 63,416
708
19,502
581
19,987
460
8,317
356
54,122
302
30,636
262
32,818
226
8,978
220
11,223
230
5,081
110
5,945
102
4,245
78
1,701
60
3,345
84
1,199
52
13,887
52
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







3,100
34
222,999
306
44,511
421
103,338
384
44,186
411
48,702
469
34,888
395
15,467
176
10,053
105
3,104
67
1,401
23
126
19
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







374
38
5,136
530
17,772
1,803
24,737
2,921
27,620
2,929
28,950
3,092
22,820
2,533
14,356
1,601
7,061
666
2,502
261
1,210
83
422
30
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 54,123
2,692
47,411
2,351
53,863
2,913
54,880
3,116
66,253
2,896
24,867
1,514
18,113
1,151
24,381
1,260
23,637
840
10,170
352
4,849
271
11,725
627
16,739
361
57,639
780
39,198
708
91,826
1,083
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























143,683
1,502
2,175,851
18,384
3,178,119
25,947
4,778,881
48,278
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 12,264,104
133,441
10,914,018
134,773
10,975,579
126,311
13,149,437
126,137
13,213,916
111,412
14,677,312
107,536
16,282,911
107,774
16,127,239
105,073
15,100,072
96,887
12,040,738
69,517
11,537,973
64,539
9,416,800
56,993
10,049,803
55,616
10,034,244
54,458
10,490,352
55,032
9,384,982
48,418
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 6
1


4,870
71
2,017
24
224
10
13
1
387
9
12
1
173
4
5
1
235
1
85
1








Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 9,804,679
70,248
12,930,419
98,930
15,453,243
116,935
15,611,779
117,968
14,877,535
108,732
15,757,226
107,130
14,845,991
105,891
15,663,517
107,166
15,887,847
97,941
12,586,266
76,838
11,096,425
79,084
9,850,657
76,982
10,018,148
77,167
10,157,568
83,326
11,265,978
84,370
10,486,512
85,423
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 121,463
2,987
120,889
2,184
58,324
1,369
45,626
1,358
32,959
961
114,062
1,254
88,002
1,369
87,470
1,535
118,023
1,214
110,418
1,233
93,315
714
41,319
269
35,615
345
19,485
727
31,095
111
18,685
501
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)











10,304
19
4,415
16
10,951
16
9,404
29


1,211
1




43
1


Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















255,785
383
237,632
1,317
488,359
2,214
755,210
3,219
928,010
3,207
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 1,670
53
203
4
7
1
99
6
4
1
413
7
1,149
6


52
1














Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 26,949
557
25,397
265
3,984
174
2,321
110
651
70
795
30
1,012
16
191
20
303
24














Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 17,425
41
8,791
85
4,596
44
2,474
35
2,518
29
4,992
18
1,799
23
4,128
38
9,635
67
2,111
11
407
9
2,794
49
340
6
149
3


134
5
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 101,395
574
83,730
644
728,981
1,038
568,462
983
471,801
1,335
412,078
1,704
747,561
2,166
646,383
2,064
728,729
1,965
683,252
1,975
435,311
1,193
319,313
809
168,883
433
66,656
191
36,532
105
16,333
39
Other 72,774
539
55,442
424
31,239
541
5,866
443
6,437
437
629
28
1,805
80
1,272
98
14,750
385
58,055
57
6,183
34
21,412
176
8,812
28
20,137
139
27,940
192
2,518
23
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Grazing Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year. Increases in FY 2016 to FY 2017 include the effect of adding CSP data.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 21,038,129
211,841
22,502,873
240,241
25,463,919
249,857
27,159,506
250,536
26,665,095
226,257
28,471,634
220,320
29,534,451
220,954
30,446,025
220,796
29,775,942
202,914
23,938,088
153,688
21,870,020
148,877
18,721,237
138,150
19,380,824
137,610
21,395,361
160,645
23,950,057
169,847
23,796,329
187,098
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Irrigation Canal or Lateral 320 6,542
6
366
4
967
9
2,250
9
3,753
27
554
5
90
3
119
1
437
6
74
1
904
6


326
4
91
1
629
5
154
5
Irrigation Ditch Lining 428 13,254
460
37,103
596
21,740
724
40,517
476
25,380
309
5,926
209
6,106
242
4,232
180
7,104
191
5,972
169
3,208
103
3,400
110
3,459
122
2,739
111
4,147
150
2,931
130
Irrigation Field Ditch 388 29,585
43
2,493
57
3,472
63
4,297
81
2,198
36
2,162
36
4,500
10
2,014
35
2,581
31
1,565
24
2,370
23
744
20
1,097
16
569
21
548
9
353
14
Irrigation Land Leveling 464 52,246
1,417
74,475
1,868
107,880
2,247
93,681
2,109
106,492
2,190
80,675
1,771
90,933
1,647
82,553
1,724
105,165
2,161
79,112
1,588
78,423
1,571
78,261
1,552
66,598
1,249
62,707
1,236
39,084
753
64,173
1,285
Irrigation Pipeline 430 378,311
4,652
382,836
5,415
408,293
5,484
479,484
6,044
369,222
5,037
374,174
5,324
292,225
4,506
365,204
4,602
305,114
4,749
267,435
4,196
242,202
3,901
241,964
3,748
220,845
3,848
240,669
4,043
199,177
3,717
213,900
3,728
Irrigation Reservoir 436 8,564
118
19,201
208
15,965
234
19,474
232
12,378
177
16,239
229
16,402
200
9,561
171
18,908
221
13,966
272
13,532
245
17,953
208
10,905
217
19,442
205
5,119
149
7,299
155
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 51,531
1,172
100,123
1,689
74,130
1,653
85,774
1,994
72,136
1,677
70,380
1,674
86,256
2,189
82,167
2,214
91,216
2,127
77,837
2,008
81,319
2,181
62,967
2,048
55,539
1,771
78,781
1,831
77,873
1,697
45,985
1,670
Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442 542,997
5,515
531,530
5,917
486,877
5,370
551,862
6,044
362,163
4,108
366,675
4,471
307,167
3,852
290,113
3,770
312,361
3,817
202,394
2,690
202,681
2,612
150,533
2,192
164,756
2,511
249,451
3,033
290,593
3,244
212,443
2,801
Irrigation System, Surface and Subsurface 443 157,354
2,954
120,598
3,458
108,340
3,204
97,134
2,399
77,224
2,011
79,713
2,390
54,345
1,318
49,363
1,379
79,446
1,934
44,522
842
49,245
1,209
33,815
671
36,651
840
28,158
675
19,259
598
27,859
723
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 6,447
93
9,960
130
9,416
140
14,515
132
8,490
126
5,059
99
6,411
102
6,957
103
5,484
100
2,112
39
2,938
45
2,653
22
2,417
25
2,168
27
846
14
1,205
14
Irrigation Water Management 449 1,159,834
16,929
1,168,983
20,268
1,377,461
21,360
1,343,203
20,078
1,215,847
18,398
1,154,034
18,742
1,083,103
17,323
1,185,221
18,695
1,329,649
22,110
1,091,778
18,471
822,088
14,777
782,852
13,701
797,455
13,946
912,165
14,413
717,504
11,759
806,485
14,590
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449























1,892
21
41,479
713
90,220
1,541
158,453
3,273
Land Smoothing 466



























28,965
397
46,863
693
MRBI Bundle#1 - Irrigated Cropland B000MRB1

























4,128
54
9,396
140
9,731
144
Pumping Plant 533 54,626
674
51,812
648
66,455
843
82,379
1,051
79,860
906
98,826
1,239
94,336
1,174
89,429
1,161
77,699
1,111
69,524
1,116
90,180
1,334
82,612
1,329
103,180
1,479
91,726
1,415
97,428
1,376
106,403
1,166
Pumping Plant - Enhancements E533





























749
7
Structure for Water Control 587 367,725
2,636
305,248
3,815
332,465
4,192
427,612
3,923
605,805
3,546
435,641
3,496
885,930
3,317
893,532
3,766
1,618,657
4,163
903,523
3,789
695,320
4,671
583,188
4,659
612,316
5,106
1,157,857
5,236
665,782
4,816
665,563
5,115
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 22,579
421
29,122
548
105,978
1,567
74,203
1,227
96,828
594
39,600
930
103,989
606
66,792
964
123,678
1,201
55,164
758
45,763
644
14,763
378
17,331
322
15,807
302
16,980
319
10,805
358
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Irrigation Efficiency were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated to improve irrigation efficiency by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















105
1
2,199
26
447
9
1,077
16
486
13
574
7
150
1
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 3,417
130
13,518
316
11,625
203
5,876
165
8,066
272
5,005
321
4,160
441
4,475
470
3,701
404
3,056
342
6,360
424
4,467
485
4,925
433
17,284
498
14,119
309
3,846
362
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







2,850
37
93,492
1,820
130,406
2,593
144,383
2,764
142,881
2,716
137,231
2,749
71,953
1,367
34,866
621
13,370
229
5,485
145
1,047
32
905
16
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







29
2
3,009
109
2,497
108
3,643
189
2,033
94
2,286
121
1,010
64
981
37
735
23
897
17
162
3


Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 3,048
245
5,239
332
65,869
1,117
28,481
825
8,679
343
14,301
625
7,821
350
7,188
286
7,993
254
3,421
128
1,938
105
4,639
171
9,099
194
1,708
84
521
30
3,348
241
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























7,225
49
67,975
1,386
135,437
2,608
208,349
4,893
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 652,981
12,726
673,594
15,044
818,114
14,849
834,520
14,089
733,151
13,663
741,786
13,959
715,868
12,006
727,822
12,734
955,132
17,285
760,847
12,592
454,470
9,243
299,795
6,366
234,656
4,979
319,625
5,243
247,947
3,909
246,635
5,736
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 169
3


312
2


480
9
124
1


59
2
35
1














Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 1,040,426
23,342
1,189,923
28,102
1,256,302
30,230
1,365,154
30,180
1,285,187
24,369
1,044,181
23,354
1,084,555
20,597
1,150,068
21,976
1,172,393
22,913
955,277
19,833
926,716
22,012
936,450
22,586
975,606
24,231
1,075,816
24,101
979,207
21,877
940,506
22,638
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 1,727
3
1,384
2












1
1




998
15








Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)











9,092
3
1,655
12
1,211
2
1,211
26


1,211
3








Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















12,700
264
57,252
1,302
97,810
1,755
108,161
1,896
119,877
1,982
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 1
1
88
7






619
1




















Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 5,156
311
4,753
195
4,084
339
3,761
213
1,749
152
5,770
168
2,608
59
813
18
750
11
285
11
120
3










Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 16,387
225
28,452
446
23,493
246
15,138
203
15,575
193
15,361
165
11,796
171
16,434
214
10,675
203
4,186
104
2,056
59
3,430
68
1,024
19
2,405
68
290
5
395
2
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 2,487
66
5,324
101
4,162
90
3,572
122
4,120
99
12,755
90
19,306
155
3,333
95
2,367
36
2,961
55
1,543
19
468
12
705
2
13
2
733
1


Other 2,764
38
16,695
76
628
14
70
2
41
3
139
2
213
6
274
5
176
2
36
1


16
1


190
4
301
7


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Irrigation Efficiency. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year. Increases in FY 2016 to FY 2017 include the effect of adding CSP data.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,604,479
37,090
1,774,105
44,621
2,038,830
47,090
2,128,462
45,799
1,966,809
39,142
1,809,698
40,615
1,869,589
36,489
1,948,106
38,765
2,153,676
43,922
1,810,171
35,963
1,439,906
33,322
1,274,834
30,638
1,285,450
31,477
1,554,491
33,316
1,454,983
30,684
1,507,157
35,871
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2020

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. If applicable, practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Access Control 472 804,032
40,453
1,270,178
54,852
2,021,455
59,927
1,681,992
45,555
1,495,462
33,469
1,137,524
31,476
1,841,648
42,761
1,715,281
40,048
1,535,867
31,072
1,135,727
20,617
841,244
22,162
881,589
28,608
1,227,787
30,407
939,351
25,712
644,861
14,813
1,318,056
24,732
Access Control - Enhancements E472























3,648
5
12,347
81
27,167
104
44,800
118
Access Road 560 128,078
780
146,140
1,089
191,140
1,330
205,898
1,198
264,859
1,081
231,544
1,063
685,038
982
1,054,280
1,262
1,899,595
959
870,473
870
1,239,434
834
358,193
844
318,289
835
1,233,837
901




Agrichemical Handling Facility 309



























2,320
59
918
56
Alley Cropping 311 2,091
250
1,831
169
1,200
123
608
78
430
39
127
15
418
70
156
26
229
28
36
1
46
3
10
2
4
2
84
3
275
8
1,561
17
Animal Mortality Facility 316 2,606
111
4,825
250
4,512
247
5,883
322
3,992
262
7,296
340
5,343
286
5,029
310
5,257
296
238,257
734
10,823
434
9,871
469
10,344
518
11,866
511
10,885
493
9,010
398
Brush Management 314



























7,693,674
13,880
6,853,875
15,394
Brush Management - Enhancements E314



























51,179
279
76,282
599
Buffer Bundle#1 B000BFF1

























147
1


25
4
Channel Bank Vegetation 322 1,917
14
2,958
378
4,090
54
3,120
24
2,447
39
3,989
74
4,658
92
5,076
68
681
39
545
16
168
7
458
5
205
7






Composting Facility 317 5,068
327
4,834
347
6,467
388
6,585
314
4,388
238
7,448
344
5,130
258
6,169
325
4,068
243
2,158
143
3,440
123
835
64
1,532
58
494
49
922
38
719
45
Conservation Cover 327 943,261
41,185
1,770,194
60,138
3,295,628
90,174
1,865,000
55,695
1,460,025
39,937
1,081,684
34,357
2,122,917
55,970
1,958,771
54,800
1,644,012
43,099
1,034,572
29,393
892,319
25,701
1,055,632
37,231
1,566,026
37,285
963,826
27,569
1,179,037
22,021
1,793,461
37,371
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327























963
23
48,563
1,580
106,256
2,215
121,413
3,541
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 5,453,327
148,236
6,055,193
172,695
6,059,982
164,538
6,420,149
172,077
5,806,486
159,372
6,026,647
159,863
5,792,670
151,713
6,391,949
154,911
5,748,058
153,360
3,730,113
99,108
4,002,104
103,396
4,188,204
109,332
3,836,995
110,638
4,470,140
111,151
3,765,373
101,314
3,894,594
102,485
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328























47,976
759
336,192
5,208
426,918
7,705
710,417
15,605
Constructed Wetland 656 494
13
5,034
34
5,433
20
114
6
5,133
18
185
11
306
11
55
5
41
5
107
4
115
3
17
2
37
4
2,860
6
26
2
1,003
10
Contour Buffer Strips 332 18,720
1,054
24,108
897
14,533
961
18,468
965
19,973
784
24,676
1,133
16,026
802
10,171
739
7,167
338
3,949
254
3,640
214
5,222
320
4,180
149
3,638
209
4,422
271
4,254
253
Contour Farming 330 704,169
20,071
783,166
22,150
660,068
19,778
607,961
18,295
514,602
14,494
498,220
14,120
444,091
12,646
424,894
11,132
393,470
11,589
232,563
5,900
232,298
6,120
234,248
6,609
181,469
4,235
195,192
5,480
166,773
4,575
94,625
3,014
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331 2,440
258
3,732
237
3,197
265
2,433
139
2,121
117
2,562
82
767
99
1,644
123
1,593
133
1,079
68
316
67
793
73
677
65
318
36
114
32
293
48
Cover Crop 340 518,736
18,137
724,020
26,971
773,634
25,064
744,880
28,747
671,407
26,243
876,248
28,238
1,011,994
32,461
1,258,649
41,058
1,321,427
42,168
1,457,169
44,706
1,596,916
48,725
1,685,303
53,992
2,003,156
65,285
2,698,243
86,375
3,302,155
105,721
3,970,101
121,122
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340























68,883
1,061
318,924
6,216
449,853
10,740
782,763
21,603
Critical Area Planting 342 229,445
5,103
269,282
6,749
457,384
6,101
407,477
6,812
507,275
7,318
486,021
8,028
569,840
8,446
534,672
8,028
522,958
6,882
553,259
6,251
1,201,814
7,146
495,757
7,512
362,804
6,643
1,037,779
6,772
511,803
5,397
408,715
6,576
Crop Bundle #18 - Precision Ag B000CPL18





























963
16
Crop Bundle #19 - Soil Health Precision Ag B000CPL19





























5,928
227
Crop Bundle #20 - Soil Health Assessment B000CPL20





























4,048
71
Crop Bundle #22 - Erosion Bundle (Organic) B000CPL22





























202
3
Crop Bundle#1 - Precision Ag, No till B000CPL1























555
4
77
1
3,257
51
3,399
42
Crop Bundle#2 - Precision Ag, Reduced till B000CPL2

























817
14
1,954
20
3,353
46
Crop Bundle#3 - Soil health rotation, No till B000CPL3























85
2
1,463
40
1,307
25
2,804
38
Crop Bundle#4 - Soil health rotation, Reduced till B000CPL4























679
11
1,122
18
1,330
22
1,470
24
Crop Bundle#5 - Soil Health Assessment, No till B000CPL5























502
6
2,920
39
5,175
132
3,473
79
Crop Bundle#6 - Soil Health Assessment, Reduced till B000CPL6























2,535
26
3,789
43
9,878
117
1,679
27
Crop Bundle#7 - Soil Health -"Organic" B000CPL7





























19
7
Diversion 362 71,780
808
104,015
877
91,284
878
55,057
861
134,989
986
113,846
871
89,444
862
139,149
921
54,304
778
60,635
674
63,423
646
52,444
720
46,309
580
75,939
655
48,367
550
75,457
655
Drainage Water Management 554 1,445
23
13,083
123
1,872
77
5,701
120
1,895
53
8,951
160
3,548
130
10,765
251
32,882
573
22,198
465
24,256
483
18,227
396
21,859
462
17,989
356
9,725
313
38,971
1,042
Drainage Water Management - Enhancements E554























1,322
9
453
6


4,131
60
Field Border 386



























43,125
1,209
49,343
1,979
Field Border - Enhancements E386



























24,004
440
18,680
354
Filter Strip 393 206,087
16,189
214,671
16,801
197,835
15,420
235,235
15,632
149,147
10,151
143,135
8,867
111,652
7,003
93,041
6,331
65,213
5,000
39,264
3,053
51,809
2,818
41,318
4,352
33,489
3,122
37,485
3,227
29,785
2,405
40,379
3,200
Filter Strip - Enhancements E393























786
5
4,151
53
4,922
84
3,098
69
Forage and Biomass Planting 512



























534,680
11,333
513,394
12,602
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512



























47,139
1,284
50,454
1,816
Forest Bundle#1 B000FST1





























17,460
83
Forest Stand Improvement 666



























3,744,705
7,447
2,781,480
9,339
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666



























207,584
1,949
565,621
6,137
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 172,182
3,609
241,659
4,444
299,173
4,500
303,941
4,567
443,088
4,131
324,478
3,609
416,826
3,745
649,076
3,695
293,862
3,246
180,561
2,850
199,206
3,451
189,206
3,232
249,343
3,681
237,111
3,447
180,240
2,523
214,093
3,094
Grassed Waterway 412 463,019
14,500
539,004
16,070
427,055
13,076
405,887
11,196
492,633
11,484
432,454
11,118
486,491
11,544
425,236
10,444
274,911
8,131
218,393
5,734
217,394
5,572
190,690
6,298
196,809
5,380
227,010
5,952
132,177
3,913
198,119
5,365
Grazing Bundle 1 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ1



























138
9
1,168
63
Grazing Bundle 2 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ2





























28
2
Grazing Bundle 5 - Range and Pasture B000GRZ5





























616
19
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 58,469
2,946
101,181
4,603
170,538
6,296
208,793
6,925
360,501
6,704
305,529
7,461
317,545
6,942
387,883
7,008
508,122
6,758
609,359
7,264
1,693,432
9,065
619,030
9,700
1,745,069
10,407
1,662,579
11,138
575,744
10,879
643,377
10,914
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 4,164,070
109,482
5,615,360
135,760
7,057,794
146,348
6,525,555
131,918
5,343,049
103,841
5,433,180
99,485
4,971,383
94,152
4,313,731
78,064
3,274,615
61,126
2,463,751
49,021
1,926,425
36,239
1,491,418
34,285
1,439,632
36,016
1,752,206
33,380
1,766,018
33,954
2,832,359
52,541
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595























445,697
12,136
2,033,613
45,102
2,118,877
35,486
4,361,016
98,285
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 51,531
1,172
100,123
1,689
74,130
1,653
85,774
1,994
72,136
1,677
70,380
1,674
86,256
2,189
82,167
2,214
91,216
2,127
77,837
2,008
81,319
2,181
62,967
2,048
55,539
1,771
78,781
1,831
77,873
1,697
45,985
1,670
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 6,447
93
9,960
130
9,416
140
14,515
132
8,490
126
5,059
99
6,411
102
6,957
103
5,484
100
2,112
39
2,938
45
2,653
22
2,417
25
2,168
27
846
14
1,205
14
Irrigation Water Management 449 1,159,834
16,929
1,168,983
20,268
1,377,461
21,360
1,343,203
20,078
1,215,847
18,398
1,154,034
18,742
1,083,103
17,323
1,185,221
18,695
1,329,649
22,110
1,091,778
18,471
822,088
14,777
782,852
13,701
797,455
13,946
912,165
14,413
717,504
11,759
806,485
14,590
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449























1,892
21
41,479
713
90,220
1,541
158,453
3,273
Land Reclamation, Abandoned Mined Land 543 8
2


63
2
299
5
591
9
989
3
13
1
247
1
410
8














Land Reclamation, Currently Mined Land 544







61
1




286
6








676
1




2,849
39
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468



























171,296
542
52,210
622
Longleaf Pine Bundle#1 B000LLP1





























12
1
Longleaf Pine Bundle#2 B000LLP2

























209
7
1,207
21
6,991
116
MRBI Bundle#1 - Irrigated Cropland B000MRB1

























4,128
54
9,396
140
9,731
144
MRBI Bundle#2 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #1 B000MRB2

























5,910
212
7,316
171
9,276
242
MRBI Bundle#3 - Non-Irrigated Cropland #2 B000MRB3

























1,059
67
780
11
2,047
84
MRBI Bundle#4 - Cropland with Water Bodies, No till B000MRB4

























139
2


139
2
MRBI Bundle#6 - Pastureland B000MRB6

























442
29


442
29
Mulching 484 52,568
1,805
110,921
2,348
112,865
2,570
111,101
2,488
261,138
2,300
101,568
2,466
105,067
2,708
105,780
2,486
105,282
2,550
156,041
3,676
814,738
4,773
239,222
5,001
196,013
4,739
190,771
4,378




Mulching - Enhancements E484























6
1
1,947
69




Non-Irrigated Cropland (MRBI) B000CPL13





























1,070
6
Non-Irrigated Cropland with Water Bodies (MRBI) B000CPL16





























201
1
Non-Irrigated Precision Ag (MRBI) B000CPL12





























1,303
45
Nutrient Management 590 4,143,557
126,401
4,702,131
144,600
5,520,478
163,631
5,223,238
154,592
4,138,501
121,362
3,980,414
115,772
3,551,520
103,039
3,541,115
105,392
3,026,099
93,901
2,613,135
82,235
2,376,782
70,876
1,805,093
57,763
1,614,954
52,112
1,950,435
55,668
1,907,644
53,066
2,200,518
62,437
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590























59,569
1,036
1,305,652
25,640
1,676,681
29,118
3,463,717
75,887
Ogallala Bundle#2 B000OGL2

























599
5
223
2
223
2
Pasture Bundle 5 B000PST5





























262
23
Pasture Bundle#1 - Organic B000PST1



























78
3
78
3
Pasture Bundle#2 B000PST2

























10
1
188
19
629
37
Pasture Bundle#3 -- Soil Health B000PST3



























55
8


Prescribed Grazing 528 16,319,518
83,590
15,787,631
90,374
17,842,760
93,279
18,190,560
89,003
17,859,797
83,166
17,974,504
81,741
20,375,951
89,445
21,565,299
89,389
20,351,249
82,786
14,548,541
58,792
14,730,785
55,140
11,943,802
47,818
13,299,597
49,247
13,428,960
52,715
13,331,665
52,910
13,833,197
55,029
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528























88,413
495
1,887,446
9,337
2,768,982
13,089
4,363,212
23,290
Range Bundle#2 B000RNG2



























26,233
50
16,093
40
Range Planting 550



























550,553
1,660
762,788
1,693
Range Planting - Enhancements E550



























20,225
53
35,022
66
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 2,178,118
51,078
2,416,563
58,221
2,190,356
51,246
2,153,804
49,469
1,828,280
41,858
1,822,731
43,035
1,671,071
38,748
1,663,712
37,362
1,453,925
34,055
1,002,278
23,754
1,309,715
27,551
1,420,868
26,961
1,394,792
26,096
1,668,642
31,067
1,451,225
30,282
1,423,047
33,326
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345























10,669
495
481,611
12,471
602,759
12,658
1,598,405
41,489
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 2,404,421
69,262
3,046,109
86,855
2,964,894
79,996
3,015,387
76,518
2,468,095
65,854
2,665,282
66,889
2,347,196
61,523
2,438,012
64,307
2,288,411
62,522
1,780,965
48,900
1,705,206
46,787
1,615,685
45,522
1,439,346
39,559
1,643,706
47,180
1,555,799
44,305
1,625,935
48,155
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329























10,075
159
110,330
2,682
204,864
5,592
308,496
8,594
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 50,316
758
30,686
606
28,719
521
22,321
385
24,061
380
17,553
281
22,346
426
15,036
347
12,929
351
7,622
360
3,543
129
1,972
39
1,114
40
4,459
43




Riparian Forest Buffer 391 151,102
6,909
215,535
7,322
335,700
7,608
224,748
5,649
123,934
4,113
66,039
3,266
62,781
3,335
83,800
2,756
40,580
2,131
28,112
1,508
55,155
2,009
79,838
2,993
50,280
3,052
107,949
3,342
82,351
1,678
42,381
2,044
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391























447
9
2,362
35
13,474
56
49,951
183
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 19,607
580
25,171
980
125,402
772
34,148
748
14,064
615
33,468
849
185,093
1,032
24,627
879
15,645
775
7,282
445
14,256
488
12,492
516
21,571
357
13,235
471
4,073
277
39,922
610
Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390























107
1
2,406
44
5,402
44
4,892
30
Roof Runoff Structure 558 4,431
346
4,614
429
8,361
485
10,540
603
16,857
587
13,353
651
8,852
682
12,237
887
11,062
858
11,814
733
13,120
896
11,850
835
12,004
990
15,297
1,040
13,728
1,086
12,743
1,064
Roofs and Covers 367



























23,188
1,169
17,897
1,000
Sediment Basin 350 5,908
130
17,065
215
17,799
256
16,084
231
11,833
222
18,221
197
19,633
131
6,180
124
7,784
113
3,933
101
2,842
63
5,583
44
3,895
27
557,705
25
5,570
19
2,317
15
Silvopasture Establishment 381



























2,858
70
7,243
129
Silvopasture Establishment - Enhancements E381



























726
22
150
4
Stream Crossing 578 5,083
271
18,261
526
20,259
689
136,728
898
226,449
967
132,552
967
595,821
1,141
499,309
1,217
583,569
924
354,828
886
338,123
861
223,685
755
163,797
763
341,557
724
546,998
647
142,937
690
Stream Crossing - Enhancements E578

























40
2
1,305
4
1,278
6
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 9,062
81
6,936
160
51,450
367
77,366
358
22,251
276
28,547
244
56,572
137
17,295
197
18,507
154
15,035
149
48,654
81
117,095
139
30,368
161
50,426
116




Stream Habitat Improvement and Management - Enhancements E395

























1,000
2




Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 57,897
611
354,759
1,207
67,724
892
79,917
742
111,174
814
67,314
643
76,951
523
39,604
618
47,775
523
44,600
525
160,846
603
66,532
552
49,027
599
265,565
712
215,548
708
309,570
987
Streambank and Shoreline Protection - Enhancements E580























509
2
1,939
3
7,203
8
3,433
17
Stripcropping 585 53,288
1,882
42,488
1,708
31,497
1,705
29,926
1,305
27,416
1,548
28,368
1,022
22,193
702
12,681
505
14,359
542
10,159
429
6,896
394
5,983
670
7,260
388
8,057
321
3,520
368
6,764
252
Structure for Water Control 587 367,725
2,636
305,248
3,815
332,465
4,192
427,612
3,923
605,805