NRCS Conservation Programs

Minnesota

NRCS's natural resources conservation programs help people reduce soil erosion, enhance water supplies, improve water quality, increase wildlife habitat, and reduce damages caused by floods and other natural disasters. Public benefits include enhanced natural resources that help sustain agricultural productivity and environmental quality while supporting continued economic development, recreation, and scenic beauty.

The Agricultural Act of 2014 (enacted on February 7, 2014) made several changes to the Conservation Programs reported here. The Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP), Grassland Reserve Program (GRP), and Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) were merged into the new Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP). The Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) and Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI) were merged into the new Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP). The Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) was merged into the existing Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). To learn more see NRCS Conservation Programs.

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by Conservation Program |
by Conservation Practices related to: Cropland Soil Quality | Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability | Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) | Fish & Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation | Grazing Land Conservation | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality | Wetlands
CSP Enhancement Summary -- To learn more see CSP Enhancements and Bundles.


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) refers to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the Federal lead for providing technical assistance for USDA and does so through various programs using NRCS staff and private Technical Service Providers (TSPs).
  • Financial Assistance (FA) denotes payments (cost-share payments, easement payments, rental payments, etc.) that help producers and landowners pay the costs of implementing conservation measures, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be for Technical or Financial Assistance but are received from sources other than appropriations. They can also be transfers from other Federal agencies. For example, the Farm Service Agency administers the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and reimburses NRCS for providing technical support functions.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
In thousands of dollars
Fund Type 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Technical Assistance $27,667.3
$26,383.3
$26,316.7
$29,029.2
$28,876.1
$32,733.7
$33,078.1
$28,664.0
$29,815.1
$33,620.9
$38,663.7
$45,982.3
$40,152.9
$32,636.0
$38,369.2
Financial Assistance $53,632.5
$48,467.4
$42,886.1
$63,189.1
$70,595.7
$72,256.3
$95,628.2
$113,752.3
$106,805.2
$102,103.3
$96,897.7
$102,076.4
$96,228.5
$111,669.1
$83,742.3
Reimbursable $3,717.2
$6,447.4
$6,439.0
$5,794.2
$4,765.5
$3,802.8
$8,456.6
$10,162.3
$6,404.3
$357.5
$76.6
$154.1
$159.6
$323.8
$459.4
Total $85,017.1
$81,298.3
$75,641.9
$98,012.8
$104,237.0
$108,792.8
$137,163.0
$152,578.5
$143,024.6
$136,081.8
$135,638.0
$148,212.9
$136,541.1
$144,628.9
$122,570.9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.

Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
Includes Technical and Financial Assistance and Reimbursable Fund Types
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)








$3,595.7
$2,139.6
$3,421.1
$1,632.1
$2,402.9
$1,985.5
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)



$368.4
$1,302.1
$1,166.7
$1,310.3
$3,441.2
$47.9
$1,267.3
$579.4
$674.3
$103.7
$0.2
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $2,977.8
$5,473.6
$5,733.7
$5,432.1
$4,441.4
$3,621.8
$7,986.4
$9,968.5
$5,870.7
$4,904.5
$7,685.6
$6,617.0
$6,616.9
$5,819.4
$8,108.2
Conservation Security Program (CSP) $6,298.3
$7,339.1
$9,450.2
$9,717.5
$8,186.6
$5,114.3
$5,064.4
$4,720.1
$4,401.7
$3,653.0
$140.0
$6.5
$-0.1


Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)



$346.1
$25,544.0
$41,250.7
$59,374.0
$70,894.3
$81,575.0
$85,018.2
$84,082.9
$82,000.8
$80,326.6
$53,161.8
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $12,578.5
$13,535.7
$14,179.4
$13,212.1
$13,599.0
$14,408.6
$14,351.3
$11,962.7
$11,086.9
$11,955.9
$9,422.4
$11,879.6
$11,722.6
$9,168.2
$9,109.3
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $40,138.4
$31,815.3
$32,482.7
$40,841.1
$34,845.6
$36,551.9
$33,409.3
$29,965.9
$32,932.0
$25,491.6
$24,037.5
$29,402.7
$29,434.4
$35,615.2
$37,006.0
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $1,593.0
$563.5
$698.1
$2,659.0
$3,061.2
$1,434.2
$1,208.3
$1,287.9
$1,397.7
$38.1
$44.9
$62.8
$41.2
$50.6
$-10.6
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) $177.6
$291.2
$20.2
$8.7
$47.0
$53.3
$14.8
$41.0
$63.6
$29.3
$13.3
$3.1
$9.2
$9.7

Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)








$13.7
$315.1
$7,126.9
$465.2
$1,015.1
$1,770.6
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $956.6
$1,066.5
$1,042.8
$1,034.7
$1,090.9
$1,000.5
$355.8








Soil Survey (SOIL) $2,633.2
$3,139.0
$2,802.9
$2,862.1
$2,860.7
$2,657.3
$2,383.7
$1,975.5
$787.4
$941.0
$403.4
$378.2
$318.4
$362.5
$367.3
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $400.3
$296.1
$294.9
$43.2











Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $876.6
$209.3
$197.7
$194.6
$609.6
$396.1
$1,062.0
$517.1
$33.0
$-0.8





Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $6.0
$10.0
$43.5






$340.2
$146.6
$-0.4



Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $388.7

$846.1
$832.3
$1,722.1
$524.7
$141.7
$693.6
$103.0
$609.6
$5.0
$197.0
$36.0


Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $15,525.3
$16,998.9
$7,420.0
$19,752.0
$31,476.8
$15,355.4
$28,164.3
$30,564.7
$11,174.4
$2,833.3
$4,751.7
$4,187.8
$3,463.1
$9,107.7
$10,822.9
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $591.4
$565.4
$429.7
$1,423.4
$1,581.6
$828.6
$603.6
$152.6
$839.4
$49.2
$247.2
$164.3
$82.0
$49.0

Other $-124.6
$-5.3





$44.6
$-0.7
$4.6

$104.0
$44.9
$598.3
$249.7
Total $85,017.1
$81,298.3
$75,641.9
$98,012.8
$104,237.0
$108,792.8
$137,163.0
$152,578.5
$143,024.6
$136,081.8
$135,638.0
$148,212.9
$136,541.1
$144,628.9
$122,570.9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program, VPAP and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Technical Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)








$2,515.7
$1,314.5
$2,020.8
$1,137.8
$457.3
$595.2
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)



$91.1
$103.9
$231.6
$190.1
$150.4
$40.8
$1,264.9
$579.4
$668.5
$103.7
$0.2
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)








$4,904.5
$7,685.6
$6,617.0
$6,616.9
$5,819.4
$8,108.2
Conservation Security Program (CSP) $1,247.3
$847.2
$607.8
$1,090.9
$716.2
$408.1
$568.3
$311.8
$222.0
$80.5
$29.9
$6.5
$-0.1


Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)



$346.1
$4,166.6
$3,548.1
$3,033.6
$5,232.0
$4,688.8
$10,697.4
$8,657.5
$11,836.3
$8,702.2
$9,575.4
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $12,129.5
$12,914.8
$13,746.3
$13,157.4
$13,519.0
$14,234.1
$14,202.8
$11,876.5
$10,981.2
$11,902.5
$9,418.3
$11,844.0
$11,710.8
$9,156.4
$9,091.6
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $8,272.2
$6,561.9
$6,398.4
$7,337.0
$8,286.8
$8,311.3
$9,344.8
$7,702.2
$9,582.7
$7,225.4
$5,773.7
$7,085.8
$6,277.8
$5,878.1
$7,430.4
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $44.2
$19.8
$28.7
$82.9
$74.9
$48.4
$47.5
$169.5
$108.8
$32.8
$41.8
$62.8
$38.9
$50.6
$-10.6
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) $177.6
$5.3
$20.2
$8.7
$47.0
$53.3
$14.8
$20.5
$61.9
$29.3
$13.3
$3.1
$9.2
$9.7

Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)








$13.7
$156.6
$6,957.9
$118.0
$159.1
$938.1
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $956.6
$1,066.5
$1,042.8
$1,034.7
$1,090.9
$1,000.5
$355.8








Soil Survey (SOIL) $2,342.8
$2,786.1
$2,530.7
$2,554.6
$2,616.6
$2,657.4
$2,183.9
$1,891.0
$361.9
$843.0
$359.1
$378.2
$309.7
$334.3
$349.1
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $400.3
$296.1
$294.9
$43.2











Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $576.9
$209.3
$197.7
$172.9
$99.6
$136.7
$212.0
$47.1
$33.0
$-0.8





Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $6.0
$10.0
$43.5






$64.3
$6.6
$-0.4



Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $-22.8

$93.9
$121.4
$330.7
$66.4
$26.2
$107.9
$16.9
$68.5
$5.0
$41.8
$5.1


Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $1,402.4
$1,500.1
$1,247.5
$3,074.1
$1,077.1
$1,308.6
$2,107.5
$3,130.6
$2,875.4
$1,173.6
$1,649.8
$1,554.0
$1,336.4
$1,831.2
$2,254.4
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $134.3
$166.2
$64.3
$351.4
$580.1
$238.4
$234.8
$152.6
$189.6
$33.6
$247.1
$164.0
$80.3
$49.0

Other






$30.6
$-0.7
$4.6

$9.9
$7.3
$85.0
$37.2
Total $27,667.3
$26,383.3
$26,316.7
$29,029.2
$28,876.1
$32,733.7
$33,078.1
$28,664.0
$29,815.1
$33,620.9
$38,663.7
$45,982.3
$40,152.9
$32,636.0
$38,369.2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program, VPAP and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Financial Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)








$1,080.0
$825.1
$1,400.3
$494.3
$1,945.6
$1,390.3
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)



$277.3
$1,198.2
$935.1
$1,120.2
$3,290.8
$7.0
$2.4

$5.9


Conservation Security Program (CSP) $5,051.0
$6,491.8
$8,842.3
$8,626.5
$7,470.4
$4,706.3
$4,496.0
$4,408.3
$4,179.7
$3,572.4
$110.1




Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)




$21,377.3
$37,702.6
$56,340.4
$65,662.3
$76,886.2
$74,320.8
$75,425.4
$70,164.6
$71,624.4
$43,586.4
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $31,866.1
$25,253.3
$26,084.3
$33,504.1
$26,558.8
$28,234.0
$23,951.3
$22,240.7
$23,346.9
$18,075.2
$18,235.8
$22,198.4
$23,017.5
$29,453.3
$29,152.1
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $1,548.8
$543.7
$669.4
$2,576.1
$2,986.4
$1,385.8
$1,160.8
$1,118.4
$1,288.9
$5.3
$3.1

$2.3


Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)
$285.9





$20.4
$1.7






Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)









$158.6
$168.9
$347.2
$856.0
$832.5
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $299.7


$21.7
$510.0
$259.4
$850.0
$470.0







Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)








$275.9
$140.0




Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $411.5

$752.2
$710.9
$1,391.4
$458.3
$115.5
$585.8
$86.1
$541.1

$155.3
$30.9


Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $14,122.9
$15,498.8
$6,172.5
$16,677.8
$30,399.8
$14,046.8
$26,056.8
$27,434.1
$8,299.0
$1,659.7
$3,101.8
$2,633.8
$2,126.7
$7,276.5
$8,568.5
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $457.1
$399.2
$365.4
$1,072.0
$1,001.6
$590.2
$360.1

$649.8
$0.5

$0.2
$1.7


Other $-124.6
$-5.3





$14.0



$94.1
$37.6
$513.3
$212.5
Total $53,632.5
$48,467.4
$42,886.1
$63,189.1
$70,595.7
$72,256.3
$95,628.2
$113,752.3
$106,805.2
$102,103.3
$96,897.7
$102,076.4
$96,228.5
$111,669.1
$83,742.3
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program, VPAP and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CRP, CTA, PMC, RCD, SNOW, SOIL, and WSP do not provide financial assistance.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Reimbursable - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $2,977.8
$5,473.6
$5,733.7
$5,432.1
$4,441.4
$3,621.8
$7,986.4
$9,968.5
$5,870.7






Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $449.0
$620.9
$433.1
$54.6
$80.0
$174.5
$148.5
$86.3
$105.7
$53.4
$4.2
$35.6
$11.8
$11.8
$17.7
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)




$6.6
$113.2
$23.0
$2.4
$191.0
$28.0
$118.5
$139.2
$283.8
$423.5
Soil Survey (SOIL) $290.4
$352.9
$272.2
$307.5
$244.1
$-0.1
$199.8
$84.5
$425.5
$98.0
$44.4

$8.7
$28.2
$18.2
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP)





$8.7


$15.1





Total $3,717.2
$6,447.4
$6,439.0
$5,794.2
$4,765.5
$3,802.8
$8,456.6
$10,162.3
$6,404.3
$357.5
$76.6
$154.1
$159.6
$323.8
$459.4
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, WHIP was authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.

Conservation Practice Implementation Reports

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following chart/table combinations include data for the time period from fiscal year 2005 through fiscal year 2019. Data entry processes differed prior to 2005 and do not provide comparable data.

Under the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP), practice bundles and practice enhancements are funded in addition to conservation practices. For brevity, conservation practices, bundles, and enhancements are often referred to collectively as “practices.” To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated. With the exception of CSP, totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Acres Receiving Conservation by Program

The following chart/table combination summarizes acres receiving conservation by program and fiscal year. For the Conservation Stewardship Program, acres represent contract acres and count represents contracts in the fiscal year, excluding renewal contracts. For all other programs, acres represent land unit acres and count represents practice counts. Here, land unit acres are counted once for each conservation program that has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times within each fiscal year - once for each program that has been used to apply at least one practice. Land unit acres may also be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program, FY 2005-2019

Only programs representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Programs not included are summed into the All Other category.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program and Fiscal Year
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















312
2
67
2
119
16
501
3
344
6
614
19
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







250
7
874
25
7,416
203
15,342
251
39,556
589
15,497
315
15,195
359
4,877
142
5,132
112
3,030
56
650
28
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 58,196
9,355
122,497
15,825
334,477
31,527
164,212
20,850
112,032
14,033
91,785
10,595
85,602
9,753
44,934
6,509
29,836
5,584
17,384
3,562
26,423
5,333
35,501
4,644
20,438
3,845
15,971
2,727
8,261
1,007
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)









915,761
1,575
552,156
764
659,351
893
387,331
552
475,208
620
312,786
478
437,756
609
439,058
513
326,600
477
163,488
272
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 246,330
7,665
271,201
12,714
343,448
15,875
378,714
14,166
432,998
15,224
430,283
14,569
437,967
12,723
404,923
11,233
409,874
12,704
305,048
7,745
338,753
9,799
375,902
14,504
320,734
10,508
322,398
9,485
314,885
7,699
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 308,178
11,008
491,905
18,144
807,428
20,844
794,569
21,405
767,888
20,233
754,419
19,001
766,582
19,165
837,342
19,764
838,566
19,455
310,664
9,900
785,148
8,345
204,794
7,800
826,777
7,112
825,984
6,943
283,597
7,385
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 1,787
43
311
8
607
9
113
12


819
2


40
1
188
17








98
3


Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















2,343
53
7,647
288
16,051
584
16,481
557
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 1,953
64
2,949
142
2,002
93
717
15


815
29
1,036
17
440
16
310
7


40
3
209
2






Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)







487
3




















Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP)

97
3






36
2
144
1
















Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 7,172
401
7,711
790
12,766
855
11,696
715
11,512
1,301
12,625
820
15,113
886
12,896
944
13,228
999
2,049
197
3,940
121
2,384
111
1,137
37
2,052
22
114
1
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 3,276
178
4,226
381
6,125
359
6,126
502
7,235
551
11,002
753
9,742
684
8,825
561
3,048
162
3,879
170
1,170
97
849
40
503
17
224
5


Other 219
14
456
31
133
2
26
1
79
2
894
3




74
1












Notes:
• Data Sources: CSP Program - USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2019 (excludes renewal contracts); all other programs - USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs within each fiscal year and across fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include conservation practices funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General and Ground and Surface Water Conservation practices.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes the land units treated in a fiscal year. Here, a land unit is counted only once in a fiscal year, regardless of how many practices were applied on it, or how many conservation programs were used to apply practices. These data therefore reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with conservation practices during a fiscal year. Given that multiple conservation programs can be used to treat the resource concerns associated with a specific land unit, the percentage of land units (acres and number) that are treated by more than one conservation program within a fiscal year is also shown.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Fiscal Year
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number
Land units treated by at least one program 570,240
13,444
783,068
22,388
1,338,932
33,671
1,199,980
30,658
1,188,457
28,934
1,206,137
27,652
1,228,147
26,962
1,239,742
23,603
1,246,473
25,274
621,662
13,282
1,140,640
14,251
588,464
15,899
1,099,918
13,202
1,163,201
13,391
630,033
13,131
Percent of land units treated by multiple programs 10.51%
11.40%
15.39%
13.31%
12.84%
13.85%
13.53%
12.48%
12.33%
10.89%
8.22%
9.17%
7.90%
8.62%
6.87%
8.03%
6.67%
7.28%
5.39%
7.25%
2.76%
4.36%
6.56%
6.37%
7.79%
9.07%
6.45%
5.29%
12.73%
5.15%
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present the conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Cropland Soil Health, Cropland with Applied Soil Health Management System (SHMS), Fish & Wildlife Habitat, Forest Land Conservation, Grazing Land Conservation, Irrigation Efficiency, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327 21,021
873
31,125
1,637
299,916
11,950
62,422
4,015
44,970
2,430
41,763
2,218
45,512
2,443
15,315
1,223
14,406
1,001
10,022
845
12,551
669
14,908
839
13,886
839
10,969
738
6,419
414
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327

























4,080
74
6,590
123
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 213,112
3,651
224,121
6,156
251,796
6,074
273,178
6,858
309,680
7,576
306,278
6,952
312,393
6,869
344,152
6,358
353,681
7,780
180,193
3,353
257,660
5,346
280,630
6,435
190,414
4,292
204,357
4,529
175,490
4,333
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328

























3,387
61
8,650
212
Contour Buffer Strips 332 199
5
584
21
1,020
17
536
23
153
4
409
16
487
37
71
88
41
37
36
4
109
10
453
20
245
19
13
18
11
11
Contour Farming 330 1,517
92
8,639
565
5,013
172
3,750
177
4,904
230
2,083
83
2,665
120
2,778
163
2,978
272
511
19
881
35
5,774
262
1,962
113
1,905
133
665
33
Cover Crop 340 9,744
172
11,068
189
26,514
258
31,661
348
44,253
494
60,075
593
48,583
655
55,141
685
98,917
1,857
62,528
1,492
44,588
939
73,664
1,265
111,474
1,922
129,406
2,081
142,096
2,505
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340























1,343
23
7,906
134
14,075
252
Critical Area Planting 342 1,737
88
1,666
76
7,084
151
12,878
196
21,564
288
14,072
250
12,900
212
16,109
292
18,082
330
15,201
278
24,813
355
18,833
270
7,068
149
4,975
87
3,729
72
Cross Wind Trap Strips 589C 2
2


3
1
























Diversion 362 221
10
192
6
893
15
540
6
1,235
20
780
12
1,001
16
1,315
20
962
13
744
12
929
22
2,172
40
1,452
25
745
19
973
30
Field Border 386 1,601
81
5,930
116
8,744
180
7,521
163
3,609
159
2,593
83
3,134
71
1,931
45
2,278
42
238
7
88
7
146
1
276
15
487
12
779
14
Field Border - Enhancements E386

























3,106
21
839
4
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 2,901
103
3,015
120
2,057
86
2,349
70
2,283
108
3,105
90
2,472
49
3,919
88
3,032
88
3,243
88
4,934
116
4,999
113
1,851
68
3,306
75
1,861
45
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512

























7
2
945
18
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 1,339
23
1,985
29
2,024
41
2,195
35
4,579
50
1,485
34
2,931
45
4,349
67
6,461
72
8,417
81
3,269
55
7,369
81
7,650
90
8,069
71
2,870
38
Grassed Waterway 412 6,702
292
16,642
604
14,872
408
14,676
373
17,877
351
12,124
274
10,723
253
10,365
323
9,662
465
7,642
240
11,811
302
13,566
370
10,818
263
6,498
175
3,017
69
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 76,024
1,293
87,806
2,054
137,077
2,708
171,567
3,210
153,638
2,805
138,048
2,714
205,848
3,708
217,683
3,777
186,300
3,397
85,102
1,661
22,324
531
27,982
644
4,923
210
22,443
429
28,866
607
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595

























22,963
327
33,319
608
Irrigation Water Management 449 9,636
130
18,079
194
17,086
177
17,592
208
17,645
189
24,938
261
15,928
176
11,745
156
17,347
206
14,529
171
9,061
129
6,157
69
4,572
65
11,281
115
20,269
233
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449



























167
5
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468 7
1


172
4
293
3
430
8
819
9
672
15
782
19
1,136
15
566
11
721
13
2,449
29
554
9
447
4
432
12
Mulching 484 519
43
634
31
1,560
25
2,580
67
5,990
118
6,103
122
6,691
112
7,980
129
8,214
146
8,454
171
17,470
271
15,098
253
12,147
190
8,514
160
5,933
128
Nutrient Management 590 150,062
2,621
184,870
3,964
295,317
6,124
282,288
5,777
263,752
5,046
237,516
4,534
264,389
4,830
303,959
5,564
259,917
4,663
151,594
3,054
75,882
1,623
47,619
1,004
28,649
774
38,018
1,063
53,066
1,296
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590

























26,879
313
31,838
505
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 34,582
523
20,135
238
13,927
222
11,526
265
11,028
198
8,350
164
7,467
129
9,549
139
11,379
196
53
4
1,627
44
3,274
62
7
1




Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 169,412
3,477
268,273
5,885
217,171
4,546
188,156
3,485
165,007
3,376
130,935
2,473
96,660
1,842
104,092
2,198
131,434
2,871
56,958
1,078
56,348
1,164
75,342
2,033
66,093
1,690
56,449
1,228
57,042
1,088
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345

























6,822
63
7,854
85
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 95,828
1,943
148,491
3,403
134,618
2,773
117,656
2,369
105,323
2,088
107,765
2,010
88,109
1,696
78,626
1,217
76,778
1,334
26,328
497
31,137
750
35,031
914
31,170
637
30,116
578
32,425
770
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329

























2,420
36
4,164
80
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 5,857
95
5,095
102
3,399
63
2,346
36
373
9
1,589
46
3,145
29
886
18
848
16
39
1
50
2
50
2






Riparian Forest Buffer 391 1,486
186
2,038
174
1,719
178
1,230
148
631
100
879
89
516
80
254
41
171
37
410
43
435
37
388
41
333
62
3,665
42
48
15
Row Arrangement 557











23
2
7
1














Stripcropping 585 514
21
1,730
66
562
22
470
22
1,442
73
1,774
42
945
33
918
45
686
9
254
3
20
3
916
37
159
4
695
46
290
9
Subsurface Drain 606 1,429
70
2,615
73
3,687
112
12,369
151
13,885
186
20,766
249
10,594
152
20,787
256
21,920
269
10,590
134
16,996
191
19,667
260
15,436
196
14,794
172
15,238
147
Terrace 600 1,930
28
4,736
67
6,299
81
5,291
74
3,765
51
3,967
47
3,235
40
5,457
68
4,991
54
2,315
35
4,392
55
5,498
72
2,286
35
1,247
22
259
3
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 16
1






















8
1




Underground Outlet 620 6,204
86
10,819
137
12,325
177
17,093
188
17,419
211
20,087
221
10,981
144
20,143
237
23,462
289
20,484
246
37,279
407
46,032
548
33,722
429
24,181
304
28,480
342
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 9,373
118
12,110
168
13,788
192
14,018
176
15,076
175
15,672
166
10,718
117
17,041
205
17,932
219
20,353
224
38,521
381
47,264
543
33,595
362
28,998
322
21,175
232
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 3,024
464
3,847
363
3,000
293
2,115
324
3,001
280
2,758
213
2,239
180
1,174
135
3,009
86
2,077
61
2,857
131
1,419
119
1,578
93
2,548
105
1,375
57
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 465
18
153
1
304
3
2
1




1,256
3
4
2






65
2


140
4
2
2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







230
4
281
6
5,995
80
14,463
187
35,707
481
10,016
205
9,136
231
1,840
70
1,833
32
475
2


Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 20,752
1,627
40,165
2,572
239,703
10,251
57,164
4,166
39,176
2,547
36,864
2,401
33,684
2,073
13,056
1,155
6,247
903
3,850
464
4,573
431
10,413
566
5,634
678
6,838
657
1,064
112
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























1,343
23
47,102
1,610
72,650
3,047
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 212,171
5,666
204,419
8,725
239,961
9,422
233,613
7,661
266,421
8,734
268,314
7,807
260,255
7,393
300,156
7,646
315,731
9,323
235,465
6,214
298,599
7,716
335,290
11,019
236,668
7,303
243,072
6,750
226,894
6,287
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 279,729
9,141
442,330
14,981
583,909
17,196
590,456
16,829
550,191
15,218
555,479
13,589
551,452
14,261
543,669
14,494
548,874
15,030
230,978
6,910
144,485
5,197
127,479
4,649
152,888
4,335
160,674
4,088
174,991
4,537
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















1,395
19
5,144
205
11,134
456
12,511
414
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 1,933
56
2,849
131
1,982
89
717
15


815
29
1,036
17
417
15
310
7


40
3
209
2






Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 154
5
70
3
1,224
80
1,310
43
1,160
31
1,380
44
5,634
124
140
3
491
8
55
2
5
1








Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 96
7
181
17
126
13
183
53
402
87
657
87
582
110
368
59
264
11
281
18
60
9
128
3






Other 181
8
78
10
133
2
26
1
79
2
752
2




74
1












Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 471,571
16,510
607,936
26,439
985,395
37,053
803,844
28,768
800,711
26,623
821,079
23,965
807,294
24,058
813,534
23,559
841,234
25,764
456,693
13,813
439,289
13,588
454,679
16,328
380,314
12,576
449,029
13,563
460,505
14,397
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability. This measure is intended as a step-wise measure to show progress towards implementing a Soil Health Management System (SHMS). A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Also at least two eligible conservation practices or a Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) bundle must be applied during the fiscal year. Eligible conservation practices are those that indicate progress toward a SHMS and include: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till and Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles count as two eligible practices.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 43,502
823
36,851
880
58,232
1,459
44,810
910
35,537
736
33,793
801
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328







704
10
2,704
49
Cover Crop 340 9,707
188
10,832
217
17,611
304
23,408
365
28,127
449
21,921
437
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340







2,325
35
5,479
99
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 36,693
689
30,165
692
40,385
1,034
31,415
676
24,802
540
15,867
466
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345







693
10
2,105
31
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 3,950
87
6,073
190
13,985
420
14,195
322
14,132
280
21,430
489
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329







1,634
25
3,997
72
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
Program 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) 589
60
1,274
79
158
27






Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)

50
7
276
20
439
32
1,939
96
62
8
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)







2,530
86
7,409
265
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 42,431
1,546
36,261
1,680
55,032
2,835
46,382
1,793
32,715
1,359
35,899
1,494
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 7,679
181
7,090
213
12,024
327
18,868
428
17,373
418
17,479
546
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)



544
8
837
20
3,865
126
4,274
131
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 43,667
1,787
37,587
1,979
56,898
3,217
50,397
2,273
45,892
2,085
48,091
2,444
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to a Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS)

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland SHMS or cropland on which a system of practices to sustain or improve soil health was applied during the fiscal year. A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Three eligible core conservation practices must be in place. They are: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till or Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles fulfil the requirements of a Cropland SHMS.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 263
10
1,589
33
4,762
105
1,998
24
6,147
59
1,664
34
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328







500
6
522
9
Cover Crop 340 263
10
1,458
32
4,637
91
2,233
28
6,147
59
4,143
102
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340







500
6
500
6
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 91
3
974
15
3,597
56
1,438
18
5,057
44
376
6
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345







464
5
464
5
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 172
7
558
19
1,082
44
560
6
1,091
15
2,491
63
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329







36
1
36
1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland SHMS were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
Program 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)



257
18
366
30
1,939
96
29
6
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)







500
18
522
21
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 263
20
1,458
53
4,042
193
1,266
37
2,268
40
1,500
83
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 229
10
1,179
46
3,121
84
551
9
1,858
35
1,175
104
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)



92
1


410
6
215
12
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to a Cropland SHMS. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 263
30
1,458
99
4,299
296
1,632
76
4,708
195
2,186
226
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for Fish & Wildlife Habitat and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to Fish & Wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 40,431
3,015
92,942
5,231
143,834
6,128
61,735
3,561
54,891
2,880
56,167
2,654
59,262
2,858
30,033
1,877
19,970
1,396
13,892
739
16,871
1,131
12,346
1,110
14,202
1,452
9,476
725
7,132
421
Aquatic Organism Passage 396

81
1
6
1
























Conservation Cover 327 21,655
911
31,940
1,682
305,749
12,219
67,924
4,275
50,186
2,688
45,889
2,412
46,466
2,507
17,600
1,350
15,185
1,040
10,475
888
14,121
742
18,509
934
16,836
882
11,640
761
6,656
429
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327























29
1
4,607
99
9,320
200
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 2,425
85
5,335
155
23,448
671
25,771
642
14,333
319
13,320
333
42,623
285
16,684
522
10,935
505
5,388
179
23,819
523
21,711
385
19,824
348
27,908
307
67,240
189
Hedgerow Planting 422 23
5
65
1
6
1






409
5
849
34
357
19
185
6
119
4








Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 11,916
532
25,581
1,562
15,803
846
14,175
701
67,504
1,028
22,443
1,154
16,431
976
10,875
575
8,807
512
41,819
355
8,834
473
8,595
504
7,588
307
6,183
378
1,020
63
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 4,349
461
2,834
267
2,633
277
3,506
287
1,480
191
1,201
151
1,325
204
1,600
74
966
91
964
84
600
76
753
109
1,080
160
3,852
60
44,422
28
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391



























29
3
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 117
35
23
8
86
11
69
15
7
6
37
8


372
2
138
1
39
1


186
6






Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390

























154
1
123
4
Shallow Water Development and Management 646 117
5
52
1
34
6
15
5
55
4
9
2
10
4
6
1














Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 0
1
26
1
329
14
137
10
107
2
3
2
74
2
159
2
141
4
6
2




306
9
234
5


Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 391
6
352
9
94
10
950
12
131
6
534
11
42
2
367
13
505
8
1,160
18
288
3
1,258
12
437
11
526
5
88,492
2
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 69,085
3,043
169,671
7,128
427,474
15,749
283,725
12,947
272,480
10,271
222,827
7,742
149,931
6,102
96,767
3,824
43,472
1,966
23,890
1,119
41,418
2,099
42,281
2,112
78,309
1,558
98,327
1,497
83,400
790
Wetland Creation 658 7
1
88
11
139
5
78
7
51
1
49
1
7
1
11
6
3
1












Wetland Enhancement 659 957
20
1,378
46
3,847
111
2,896
107
2,457
168
3,132
137
3,753
159
2,321
94
1,585
54
47
8
35
5
23
3
264
16
17
3


Wetland Restoration 657 23,427
947
29,285
1,458
30,780
1,517
27,608
1,189
28,863
1,276
22,212
1,084
18,469
995
16,344
747
12,197
757
2,944
230
11,287
431
11,490
429
8,254
335
6,266
226
10,342
264
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 10,947
397
15,645
481
33,949
1,053
24,819
885
18,791
860
10,049
429
4,782
233
4,701
155
2,628
79
404
42
1,155
35
3,018
37
4,949
123
3,368
28
4,893
19
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish & Wildlife habitat Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish & wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)





















119
8


96
1
282
7
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







19
3
1
1
47
3
732
12
361
2
152
2
57
2








Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 52,492
7,026
107,827
12,731
322,281
29,082
155,623
17,124
101,406
11,497
79,861
8,562
75,638
8,212
38,101
4,720
25,554
3,214
14,560
2,203
23,769
3,805
30,267
2,803
16,133
2,393
11,169
1,533
7,315
665
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























29
1
3,494
106
8,489
211
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 30,963
1,560
76,156
3,220
145,635
7,269
136,755
5,312
170,715
5,582
141,678
5,398
136,689
4,267
47,624
2,349
33,529
1,752
62,197
1,235
32,905
1,285
34,772
2,428
82,375
2,401
77,610
2,048
78,388
1,051
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP)

97
3






36
2
144
1
















Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 7,815
341
33,548
1,079
53,436
1,261
49,842
1,370
86,995
1,375
50,120
1,269
36,417
961
46,022
1,205
17,139
600
5,923
112
10,928
333
9,197
295
12,657
344
11,395
340
57,027
437
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 556
14
311
3


81
6


415
1




141
4












Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















939
32
2,159
51
3,621
53
2,520
40
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 13
4
4
2
18
2








24
1














Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)







487
3




















Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 7,172
390
7,702
732
11,973
740
10,761
581
9,019
1,004
8,778
631
10,982
599
10,875
762
11,816
817
733
104
3,374
88
1,265
68
379
11
1,610
14
114
1
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 2,976
129
3,043
264
5,251
265
4,086
250
5,151
236
5,986
255
6,261
290
5,242
227
1,002
44
590
15
147
9
14
7
1
1




Other

293
8






142
1


















Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 98,491
9,464
213,934
18,042
493,232
38,619
338,657
24,643
356,264
19,700
271,943
16,120
257,691
14,333
141,804
9,276
86,160
6,433
80,899
3,671
67,096
5,522
70,946
5,641
106,070
5,202
103,498
4,095
107,865
2,412
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement, thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 350
14
427
13
1,645
54
2,061
69
1,334
49
6,442
208
11,215
215
5,126
83
2,993
81
303
5
2,112
11
723
8
256
4
1,741
11
200
5
Brush Management 314



147
3






324
18
2,572
67
2,023
66
2,074
65
1,290
55
2,924
55
1,637
33
846
21
703
9
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 251
11
101
17
473
19
2,063
16
3,196
21
1,611
27
35,825
33
2,139
28
1,949
32
2,312
29
12,980
121
17,463
159
12,706
112
19,575
108
63,911
123
Firebreak 394



41
1


30
3




1,248
25
158
1
94
3






16
1


Forest Stand Improvement 666 499
20
5,281
42
4,419
107
3,692
68
3,989
73
23,739
151
111,440
257
11,824
136
13,908
162
4,525
84
4,218
71
6,121
71
5,437
83
4,513
55
143,560
91
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666

























637
7
1,744
45
Forest Trails and Landings 655



110
1




8
1


236
1
607
4
1,590
17
1,831
18
421
10
2,809
20


104
1
Herbaceous Weed Control 315











223
7
276
14
5,960
5
114
2
924
15
48
1
147
3
81
4
472
9
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595

6
1
491
5
388
12
2,664
55
4,676
162
9,759
222
7,532
180
5,150
111
1,976
40
805
17
572
10
121
1
122
2


Prescribed Burning 338 109
2
204
4
14,772
5
183
13
14,457
5
1,281
16
227
8
402
4
1,521
27
2,400
1
46
3
577
6
423
3
44,784
8
88,526
3
Prescribed Forestry 409











141
3
















Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 109
12
78
16
127
16
107
25
49,514
12
1,036
28
959
19
948
29
317
9
37,607
7
215
6
174
2
87
1




Riparian Forest Buffer 391 143
8
315
22
379
24
964
12
87
9
126
29
166
19
985
14
522
18
322
8
8
2


211
10


44,326
2
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395





1
1
13
1




100
1
75
2
6
2






234
5


Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 1,409
61
1,369
136
143,186
190
108,174
166
66,980
114
85,930
181
113,273
205
80,651
166
83,141
259
9,184
170
11,662
181
8,806
125
9,832
91
3,924
41
49,292
38
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612

























221
5
4,797
54
Tree/Shrub Pruning 660



50
1






231
1


35
2


21
2
2,298
16


5
1
44,363
3
Tree/Shrub Site Preparation 490 308
21
4,350
34
1,009
47
1,481
55
2,771
42
5,254
97
11,268
83
118,818
122
7,793
100
2,074
56
6,007
75
6,177
64
4,284
49
4,154
46
47,242
37
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 343
28
1,389
113
13,527
290
11,837
347
10,587
309
14,536
462
9,019
215
8,280
197
4,695
117
5,683
30
12,947
175
10,401
127
12,310
125
56,225
113
53,021
61
Woody Residue Treatment 384









89
2






28
2
136
2
734
9
1,628
37
2,564
39
993
27
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Forest Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of forest and grazed forest land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)

















84
1
28
2








Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 146
15
638
107
1,377
52
1,825
84
852
48
489
54
251
39
161
22
59
16
20
5
46
11
55
8
57
6




Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)

























637
17
4,760
107
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 464
27
1,005
95
9,486
371
9,314
319
23,482
305
27,955
723
66,557
620
16,652
325
17,850
371
42,037
91
13,719
218
10,250
190
11,301
152
57,926
171
52,555
87
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 1,805
102
5,716
134
157,601
278
111,903
328
108,719
300
98,819
458
117,326
517
201,042
547
95,810
543
12,370
354
16,140
474
15,066
412
15,152
370
51,068
232
54,776
273
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















939
32
1,689
33
3,430
44
2,768
41
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 8
4
86
5


























Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)

0
1
1
1
























Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 190
27
586
52
1,690
61
922
53
903
40
4,578
129
3,807
129
4,580
173
1,590
66
1,885
70
525
49
593
21
294
11
170
3


Other 3
2
81
4


























Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Forest Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 2,369
177
7,668
398
168,283
763
120,849
784
117,621
693
128,397
1,364
180,169
1,305
220,816
1,067
109,837
996
55,753
521
26,377
754
23,120
663
24,467
572
63,576
467
65,820
508
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Road 560











59
1
















Animal Trails and Walkways 575

119
5
18
1




18
1
310
5
631
8




37
1
317
2




11
1
Brush Management 314



133
2
479
1
580
5
1,010
15
3,837
76
1,232
12
502
11
865
11
513
6
779
13
241
3
184
2
46
1
Channel Bed Stabilization 584



1
1
























Critical Area Planting 342

92
5
98
5
1,330
26
1,380
28
1,144
28
881
20
1,160
18
1,431
31
1,455
27
900
16
1,566
14
1,268
22
269
5
610
12
Fence 382 4,781
132
11,100
278
16,381
290
25,922
348
30,140
485
30,883
423
21,268
379
19,655
283
17,862
228
12,411
154
13,158
140
13,250
159
10,793
140
11,252
158
10,547
179
Fence - Enhancements E382

























133
4


Forage Harvest Management 511 428
14
697
20
3,702
90
5,115
222
5,369
121
2,556
64
11,637
172
8,290
200
17,336
388
700
35
185
11
105
2
199
4
210
2
82
8
Forage Harvest Management - Enhancements E511

























116
1


Forage and Biomass Planting 512 5,422
112
3,765
131
8,074
203
10,605
223
7,861
169
12,022
281
9,459
197
10,248
187
7,247
101
2,668
61
4,317
75
4,168
52
1,442
21
2,112
36
1,507
40
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512

























447
16
318
11
Grazing Land Mechanical Treatment 548







12
1


110
2
















Heavy Use Area Protection 561 1,263
21
2,742
30
4,110
43
8,555
101
10,734
135
8,698
113
5,263
107
12,610
123
9,468
108
5,656
57
5,166
58
7,676
69
9,137
102
10,067
115
5,100
69
Herbaceous Weed Control 315











173
1
2,691
46
6,175
93
5,966
69
4,827
42
1,854
19
226
7
60
2
691
14
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 228
15
432
18
7,663
217
8,316
280
8,649
275
8,282
210
9,820
245
8,672
219
3,761
110
689
18
48
6
178
2


2
1


Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595



























10
1
Livestock Pipeline 516 3,713
51
5,077
101
10,418
133
12,424
167
12,590
227
14,754
260
11,641
217
14,386
175
12,220
173
6,643
110
6,408
104
6,200
87
6,567
98
8,188
89
8,005
110
Nutrient Management 590 1,357
8
550
11
996
25
2,031
39
790
30
1,306
35
1,041
41
925
30
84
7
55
6


178
2


304
11
326
8
Pond 378 168
5
1,206
10
2,571
24
1,095
27
2,050
28
209
4
64
1
247
4
169
5
106
2




252
5
85
1


Prescribed Burning 338



341
21
1,307
30
1,390
34
1,180
29
2,426
23
681
6
396
8
101
2
39
2
471
1
202
2


110
1
Prescribed Grazing 528 23,247
486
29,404
673
30,563
762
38,097
822
44,846
828
51,676
1,071
57,848
1,052
72,597
1,386
57,579
1,250
39,179
842
38,761
769
17,684
436
22,626
409
27,781
446
28,246
529
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528

























573
30
785
22
Pumping Plant 533

979
6
3,040
16
3,457
19
2,524
36
4,422
40
2,539
28
5,752
39
2,131
16
1,820
14
1,000
8
1,322
14
2,397
17
1,548
13
1,312
12
Silvopasture Establishment 381









12
1


















Stream Crossing 578



























468
7
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580

3
2
14
1




395
3


124
3
65
2
400
5
168
1
299
2
2
1
263
3


Waste Recycling 633

102
5
33
1
10
2
25
2
302
4
230
6
144
2


19
1


130
1






Water Well 642 1,186
15
1,234
13
4,393
30
5,553
34
4,625
40
3,487
28
2,101
27
4,960
36
2,514
18
132
3
1,960
9
1,386
15
1,134
13
1,061
10
689
9
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 48
1
7
1
2
1
27
2


73
2
8
1
186
2
106
2


95
2
25
1
44
1
58
2
258
2
Watering Facility 614 1,840
36
5,393
88
8,617
123
13,547
180
13,309
197
13,666
213
9,115
194
16,486
205
11,422
157
7,746
106
7,628
99
10,482
113
10,546
122
12,724
141
10,499
135
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 92
9
369
16
193
16
833
14
116
10
652
29
382
4
181
3




364
6
289
15
521
9
146
7
95
2
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650

9
1


























Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Grazing Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of grazing land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















312
2










Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)









481
7
1,157
75
667
22
3,486
66
4,075
45
5,421
67
2,367
38
2,490
39
1,746
13
512
21
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 70
6
11
3
53
4
1,825
131
212
39
28
5
64
9
13
1
13
3


32
2
196
7




74
8
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)

























1,188
90
2,087
66
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 17,662
349
18,370
435
29,514
758
31,528
791
27,593
675
27,182
734
50,930
856
52,958
998
48,467
1,003
16,774
349
7,412
230
3,313
133
3,750
51
2,035
95
6,212
167
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 11,461
532
21,234
964
33,353
1,230
44,622
1,614
56,215
1,925
56,903
2,093
54,571
1,846
58,023
1,959
49,042
1,619
36,124
1,124
33,538
1,055
23,204
841
24,216
868
24,458
873
24,961
881
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 797
18
311
5
607
9
32
1


404
1




188
13








98
3


Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)























78
17
143
21
496
30
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)













127
1














Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP)

12
6
66
4


120
12
45
14
264
13
143
6
150
4
111
3
27
1


27
1




Other

8
1


























Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Grazing Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 29,261
905
37,392
1,414
59,058
2,005
71,694
2,537
75,523
2,651
79,177
2,854
101,034
2,799
104,669
2,987
95,969
2,708
56,160
1,523
46,247
1,355
28,819
1,019
29,535
976
29,563
1,095
33,921
1,173
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441











23
2
















Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442 10,451
117
11,184
119
5,984
66
17,795
177
13,100
152
15,035
132
10,862
104
6,762
69
4,709
55
1,882
19
949
8
900
14
227
6
2,205
20
6,660
62
Irrigation System, Surface and Subsurface 443















83
1












Irrigation Water Management 449 9,916
134
18,079
194
17,226
179
17,592
208
17,645
189
24,938
261
15,928
176
11,745
156
17,347
206
14,694
173
9,061
129
6,157
69
4,572
65
11,281
115
20,269
233
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449



























167
5
Pumping Plant 533



1,286
14
5,611
46
3,133
35
3,341
34
1,884
14
2,590
26
508
4
563
5
279
11
233
5
182
6
3,742
28
4,169
36
Structure for Water Control 587 16
1
2,053
2
140
2
398
4
923
14
137
4
156
2
203
2
137
6
105
3
12
1
798
7
1,666
12
3,610
32
2,072
22
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 16
1














55
2




6
1
8
1




Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Irrigation Efficiency were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated to improve irrigation efficiency by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)











155
1




6
1
36
2








Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 16
1














55
2




6
1
8
1




Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)



























167
5
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 518
5
52
1
654
10
831
9
1,995
26
5,258
49
2,550
28
1,402
19
4,706
56
4,324
50
1,365
26
1,744
20
949
9
894
18


Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 13,774
247
22,585
314
19,965
251
27,287
426
25,600
364
25,293
382
20,728
269
15,720
234
15,170
216
10,957
149
7,674
121
5,039
71
4,670
80
9,973
167
13,406
282
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















133
4


416
10
1,814
71
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Irrigation Efficiency. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 14,178
253
22,637
315
20,369
261
27,774
435
27,348
390
27,939
431
23,079
298
17,021
253
19,860
274
15,287
200
9,075
149
6,922
96
5,626
90
11,196
195
15,211
358
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 40,431
3,015
92,942
5,231
143,834
6,128
61,735
3,561
54,891
2,880
56,167
2,654
59,262
2,858
30,033
1,877
19,970
1,396
13,892
739
16,871
1,131
12,346
1,110
14,202
1,452
9,476
725
7,132
421
Access Road 560

621
13
110
1
417
1




59
1












556,688
4


Animal Mortality Facility 316 23
3
253
5
84
8
1,134
17
128
7
1,663
36
325
21
876
38
673
45
865
43
764
42
490
16
202
13
86
13
17
4
Brush Management 314



























5,683
64
Composting Facility 317

47
5
100
10
534
1
14
2
24
2


12
1














Conservation Cover 327 21,655
911
31,940
1,682
305,749
12,219
67,924
4,275
50,186
2,688
45,889
2,412
46,466
2,507
17,600
1,350
15,185
1,040
10,475
888
14,121
742
18,509
934
16,836
882
11,640
761
6,656
429
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327























29
1
4,607
99
9,320
200
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 214,269
3,662
224,390
6,170
252,611
6,105
273,788
6,892
311,382
7,632
309,060
6,982
313,859
6,910
345,463
6,449
357,394
7,909
180,843
3,413
259,718
5,488
281,460
6,467
191,731
4,355
204,922
4,577
176,095
4,404
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328

























3,387
61
8,650
212
Constructed Wetland 656























5
1




Contour Buffer Strips 332 199
5
584
21
1,020
17
536
23
153
4
409
16
487
37
71
88
41
37
39
5
109
10
453
20
245
19
13
18
11
11
Contour Farming 330 1,517
92
8,639
565
5,013
172
3,750
177
4,904
230
2,083
83
2,754
121
2,778
163
2,990
275
511
19
881
35
5,944
266
1,967
114
1,905
133
665
33
Cover Crop 340 9,803
173
11,233
192
26,635
260
31,661
348
44,601
499
60,625
600
48,932
660
55,171
686
99,402
1,866
63,291
1,502
45,250
947
73,664
1,265
111,659
1,928
129,532
2,088
142,670
2,516
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340























1,343
23
7,906
134
14,075
252
Critical Area Planting 342 1,870
95
1,801
84
7,670
164
15,944
265
24,288
368
16,723
351
15,904
311
19,043
411
121,645
442
17,999
360
583,827
449
22,579
373
9,900
219
564,415
170
50,233
141
Diversion 362 389
18
407
13
906
20
1,046
21
1,523
49
1,406
58
1,407
47
2,111
63
1,972
55
1,320
35
1,386
45
3,747
87
2,220
50
4,191
55
2,992
76
Drainage Water Management 554









32
1


39
1
151
3
83
3
228
2


267
4
617
6
343
6
Field Border 386



























781
15
Field Border - Enhancements E386



























839
4
Filter Strip 393 7,467
1,188
13,338
1,646
9,649
1,409
17,155
2,451
14,628
1,679
12,134
1,226
8,796
935
3,530
643
3,233
572
2,681
429
4,259
618
7,949
601
3,347
554
6,228
430
2,352
176
Filter Strip - Enhancements E393



























317
8
Forage and Biomass Planting 512



























3,322
84
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512



























1,266
30
Forest Stand Improvement 666



























143,730
99
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666



























1,744
45
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 1,596
30
2,279
42
2,271
48
3,284
52
5,944
76
2,775
59
4,049
62
5,250
86
8,016
100
9,910
107
4,006
83
8,534
104
9,033
117
9,198
93
3,133
49
Grassed Waterway 412 6,829
298
16,806
611
15,035
414
14,858
389
18,233
376
12,362
293
10,786
266
10,879
345
10,237
476
7,923
255
12,161
322
14,129
393
10,879
274
6,684
185
3,164
76
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 1,295
29
2,818
33
4,137
46
8,880
118
11,001
149
9,039
121
5,677
116
13,305
142
9,954
125
6,883
76
1,119,373
97
10,628
130
1,123,956
176
1,124,588
183
95,402
139
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 76,254
1,309
88,410
2,077
146,165
2,955
182,652
3,621
169,021
3,259
155,546
3,322
227,578
4,301
235,869
4,348
197,276
3,770
90,958
1,783
23,966
575
29,201
671
6,975
216
22,584
435
28,866
607
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595

























22,963
327
33,329
609
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441











23
2
















Irrigation Water Management 449 9,916
134
18,079
194
17,226
179
17,592
208
17,645
189
24,938
261
15,928
176
11,745
156
17,347
206
14,694
173
9,061
129
6,157
69
4,572
65
11,281
115
20,269
233
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449



























167
5
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468



























1,784
31
Mulching 484 519
43
656
32
1,587
28
4,343
120
6,961
180
8,411
232
8,387
208
9,927
207
9,960
210
10,443
232
574,816
348
18,163
339
14,199
267
10,555
220


Nutrient Management 590 151,425
2,630
185,620
3,981
296,355
6,154
284,573
5,827
264,547
5,077
238,938
4,576
265,673
4,885
304,930
5,602
260,131
4,675
151,676
3,064
75,937
1,625
47,932
1,009
28,765
777
38,322
1,074
53,821
1,310
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590

























26,879
313
31,838
505
Prescribed Grazing 528 24,653
547
30,865
720
33,061
881
39,951
884
45,935
876
54,782
1,135
60,618
1,121
76,469
1,492
61,199
1,334
43,090
962
41,642
862
20,717
534
29,192
533
31,424
555
33,006
635
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528

























573
30
785
22
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 169,682
3,482
268,448
5,898
217,391
4,549
188,353
3,500
165,050
3,378
131,116
2,475
96,806
1,849
104,344
2,217
131,837
2,911
57,231
1,104
56,753
1,181
75,658
2,047
66,325
1,711
56,587
1,254
57,123
1,095
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345

























6,822
63
7,854
85
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 95,853
1,944
148,500
3,404
134,780
2,779
117,751
2,372
105,323
2,088
108,015
2,011
88,109
1,696
79,081
1,227
76,925
1,336
26,328
497
31,137
750
35,182
917
31,175
638
30,121
579
32,433
774
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329

























2,420
36
4,164
80
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 5,857
95
5,095
102
3,399
63
2,346
36
373
9
1,589
46
3,145
29
886
18
848
16
39
1
50
2
50
2






Riparian Forest Buffer 391 4,349
461
2,834
267
2,633
277
3,506
287
1,480
191
1,201
151
1,325
204
1,600
74
966
91
964
84
600
76
753
109
1,080
160
3,852
60
44,422
28
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391



























29
3
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 117
35
23
8
86
11
69
15
7
6
37
8


372
2
138
1
39
1


186
6






Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390

























154
1
123
4
Roof Runoff Structure 558 22
3
31
3
95
4
184
5
260
9
280
18
239
5
228
11
55
3
367
8
119
7
171
5
220
7
134
9
463
18
Roofs and Covers 367



























472
22
Sediment Basin 350

241
3
683
2
193
5
137
11
407
30
543
20
361
23
1,012
35
676
25
328
16
150
6
6
1
556,145
2


Stream Crossing 578



122
4
73
3
1,479
11
161
5
603
7
64
3
284
4
81
3
134
4
218
5
52
1
720
9
177,509
12
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 0
1
26
1
329
14
137
10
107
2
3
2
74
2
159
2
141
4
6
2




306
9
234
5


Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 391
6
352
9
94
10
950
12
131
6
534
11
42
2
367
13
505
8
1,160
18
288
3
1,258
12
437
11
526
5
88,492
2
Stripcropping 585 514
21
1,730
66
562
22
470
22
1,442
73
1,774
42
945
33
918
45
686
9
254
3
20
3
916
37
159
4
695
46
290
9
Structure for Water Control 587 16
1
2,053
2
140
2
398
4
923
14
137
4
156
2
203
2
137
6
105
3
12
1
798
7
1,666
12
3,610
32
2,072
22
Terrace 600 1,930
28
4,736
67
6,303
82
5,291
74
3,765
51
4,020
48
3,235
40
5,457
68
5,009
55
2,315
35
4,448
56
5,498
72
2,286
35
1,274
23
259
3
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 16
1














55
2




6
1
8
1




Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 7,162
417
8,384
609
152,507
587
113,446
472
73,268
303
88,349
315
117,129
383
83,924
325
90,504
547
11,404
287
13,942
282
10,890
232
10,740
148
4,863
114
50,036
89
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612

























878
27
6,912
115
Vegetated Treatment Area 635 16
3
34
2
120
12
100
9
253
15
285
22
140
11
149
14
412
17
81
9
84
9
479
11
170
4
156
6
440
12
Waste Facility Closure 360 75
17
504
27
466
35
382
37
1,271
44
674
50
289
26
584
35
574
35
632
28
563
35
392
27
496
20
672
19
636
23
Waste Recycling 633 11,105
271
14,743
430
10,072
362
6,044
239
6,516
182
2,402
79
3,117
105
2,459
86
878
22
580
22


130
1






Waste Storage Facility 313 319
23
617
17
517
27
327
26
757
52
717
47
1,002
40
1,456
65
1,113
58
697
38
903
39
1,466
54
1,310
40
1,075
48
1,696
62
Waste Transfer 634 23
3
311
9
187
15
214
14
240
19
409
30
491
24
504
36
785
33
489
23
570
29
615
37
1,083
27
1,020
38
1,338
45
Waste Treatment 629

1
1




20
1




10
1
10
1
200
3
15
1








Water Well Decommissioning 351 2,599
99
984
47
1,895
76
2,183
78
1,610
64
1,805
58
1,214
39
102,358
44
2,250
50
2,927
17
556,544
20
526
13
264
13
1,668,736
16
409
18
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 9,421
119
12,117
169
13,807
194
14,046
179
15,154
180
15,839
176
10,803
125
17,388
220
18,236
228
20,426
227
38,616
383
47,610
548
33,639
363
29,692
330
21,245
237
Wetland Creation 658 7
1
88
11
139
5
78
7
51
1
49
1
7
1
11
6
3
1












Wetland Enhancement 659 957
20
1,378
46
3,847
111
2,896
107
2,457
168
3,132
137
3,753
159
2,321
94
1,585
54
47
8
35
5
23
3
264
16
17
3


Wetland Restoration 657 23,427
947
29,285
1,458
30,780
1,517
27,608
1,189
28,863
1,276
22,212
1,084
18,469
995
16,344
747
12,197
757
2,944
230
11,287
431
11,490
429
8,254
335
6,266
226
10,342
264
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 3,605
517
4,936
450
4,140
388
3,704
414
3,560
358
4,318
323
2,859
229
1,952
190
3,558
139
2,510
129
4,036
231
6,223
223
2,478
142
3,038
144
2,478
92
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 526
35
183
8
360
11
2
1
18
2
104
4
1,256
3
9
3


5
1
2
1
89
6
65
5
256
22


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















312
2
67
1
119
6


121
2
215
3
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







244
5
298
7
6,458
96
14,497
169
35,934
461
10,684
192
11,345
231
3,834
124
4,968
98
3,030
56
650
28
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 52,230
6,686
98,687
9,762
280,430
18,222
100,623
10,708
75,650
7,273
63,609
6,093
60,391
5,591
27,520
3,450
14,755
2,723
9,774
1,718
14,158
2,377
19,798
1,853
10,298
1,817
11,364
1,198
4,286
391
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























1,372
24
48,696
1,732
82,144
3,402
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 228,776
6,207
235,278
10,002
282,790
11,558
268,177
9,011
298,696
10,068
309,084
9,351
314,441
9,066
347,949
8,968
354,270
10,595
255,457
6,863
311,395
8,363
347,463
12,086
253,393
8,830
255,372
7,819
250,193
7,192
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP)

97
3






36
2
144
1
















Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 283,250
9,482
456,930
15,888
745,229
18,012
738,037
18,106
666,877
16,570
682,329
15,271
709,109
15,916
777,017
16,358
772,178
16,422
270,268
7,930
739,163
6,034
151,620
5,033
738,994
4,819
743,557
4,716
250,422
5,149
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 727
13
311
3
607
5
32
1


404
1




188
11








98
3


Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















1,403
20
4,980
144
11,325
392
13,663
400
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 1,935
59
2,883
131
1,844
84
717
15


356
13
1,036
17
440
16
310
7


40
3
209
2






Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)







48
1




















Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 4,751
227
3,876
509
7,142
450
7,658
403
7,725
625
8,813
515
11,738
600
7,641
519
9,394
665
1,296
116
2,241
69
1,148
58
582
7
47
2


Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 451
45
1,347
104
1,080
44
1,341
123
1,555
190
3,971
342
3,425
287
3,227
239
1,358
74
1,631
73
505
37
297
16
122
4
121
1


Other 219
13
456
29
133
2
26
1
79
2
752
2




74
1












Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Water Quality. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 527,314
22,732
708,977
36,431
1,220,126
48,377
1,027,619
38,368
978,985
34,734
1,015,180
31,597
1,045,913
31,574
1,110,309
29,719
1,115,292
30,959
522,386
16,894
1,060,017
17,115
500,477
19,198
987,414
15,743
1,053,252
15,921
574,703
16,565
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Creation 658 7
1
88
11
139
5
78
7
51
1
49
1
7
1
11
6
3
1












Wetland Enhancement 659 957
20
1,378
46
3,847
111
2,896
107
2,457
168
3,132
137
3,753
159
2,321
94
1,585
54
47
8
35
5
23
3
264
16
17
3


Wetland Restoration 657 23,427
947
29,285
1,458
30,780
1,517
27,608
1,189
28,863
1,276
22,212
1,084
18,469
995
16,344
747
12,197
757
2,944
230
11,287
431
11,490
429
8,254
335
6,266
226
10,342
264
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Wetlands were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with wetland conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)





















119
4


96
1
215
2
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)

















96
1










Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 14,406
614
21,747
883
23,059
1,200
18,153
871
19,737
846
14,659
677
9,247
549
7,369
352
3,410
234
2,111
144
5,068
306
8,774
357
2,409
269
3,720
128
2,845
118
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 2,217
136
2,562
125
3,830
121
4,984
128
5,962
195
3,892
161
4,930
166
1,823
30
575
33
203
10
2,392
73
375
31
2,419
79
1,757
98
5,519
144
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP)

97
3






36
2
144
1
















Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 110
8
63
10
123
6
121
6
56
6
222
2
127
4
61
3
154
3


68
5


80
1
10
1


Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)







48
1




















Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 4,656
205
3,506
486
5,002
303
4,893
297
3,959
396
4,999
374
6,450
432
7,023
452
8,334
541
504
83
1,909
52
765
40
293
2
47
1


Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 151
5
20
3
51
3
17
1
82
1
58
6
56
3
126
10
125
1












Other

288
5


























Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Wetlands. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 21,286
968
28,194
1,515
31,976
1,633
27,794
1,303
29,254
1,445
23,831
1,222
20,891
1,155
16,392
847
12,588
812
2,796
238
9,436
436
9,972
432
5,201
351
5,614
229
8,579
264
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.

Return to the RCA Interactive Data Viewer.

For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) 2012-2019 Data October 2019
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) 2009-2011 Data
National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD) October 2019
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2019
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 31 March 2020*
<http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/cp_mn.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]