NRCS Conservation Programs

Iowa

NRCS's natural resources conservation programs help people reduce soil erosion, enhance water supplies, improve water quality, increase wildlife habitat, and reduce damages caused by floods and other natural disasters. Public benefits include enhanced natural resources that help sustain agricultural productivity and environmental quality while supporting continued economic development, recreation, and scenic beauty.

The Agricultural Act of 2014 (enacted on February 7, 2014) made several changes to the Conservation Programs reported here. The Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP), Grassland Reserve Program (GRP), and Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) were merged into the new Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP). The Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) and Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI) were merged into the new Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP). The Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) was merged into the existing Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). To learn more see NRCS Conservation Programs.

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by Conservation Program |
by Conservation Practices related to: Cropland Soil Quality | Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation | Grazing Land Conservation | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality | Wetlands


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) refers to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the Federal lead for providing technical assistance for USDA and does so through various programs using NRCS staff and private Technical Service Providers (TSPs).
  • Financial Assistance (FA) denotes payments (cost-share payments, easement payments, rental payments, etc.) that help producers and landowners pay the costs of implementing conservation measures, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be for Technical or Financial Assistance but are received from sources other than appropriations. They can also be transfers from other Federal agencies. For example, the Farm Service Agency administers the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and reimburses NRCS for providing technical support functions.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
In thousands of dollars
Fund Type 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Technical Assistance $44,157.7
$40,290.9
$35,163.2
$37,792.1
$38,350.6
$39,055.8
$39,751.9
$36,625.1
$36,313.3
$44,644.1
$46,558.9
$47,701.7
$51,512.9
$46,261.6
Financial Assistance $58,841.0
$54,376.8
$62,484.6
$70,813.9
$98,475.9
$125,007.4
$111,922.2
$108,887.0
$106,545.0
$92,884.7
$67,290.7
$67,681.7
$75,149.6
$81,017.9
Reimbursable $7,315.8
$7,816.4
$7,083.7
$6,095.1
$5,408.0
$6,732.4
$7,550.5
$6,349.3
$5,819.5
$195.7
$160.3
$-13.5
$33.0
$16.0
Total $110,314.4
$102,483.7
$104,731.3
$114,700.9
$142,234.6
$170,795.5
$159,224.8
$151,861.4
$148,677.8
$137,724.6
$114,009.8
$115,370.1
$126,695.5
$127,295.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2018 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.

Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
Includes Technical and Financial Assistance and Reimbursable Fund Types
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)








$13,760.2
$13,658.7
$15,248.4
$18,239.5
$14,766.9
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)



$182.6
$129.3
$163.2
$164.7
$139.8
$1.6
$1.5
$11.7
$0.7

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $7,000.0
$7,343.5
$6,137.4
$4,853.8
$4,368.1
$6,158.3
$7,153.8
$6,219.6
$5,717.2
$9,368.7
$9,602.0
$12,848.5
$13,042.3
$9,098.9
Conservation Security Program (CSP) $18,019.1
$17,809.3
$26,160.7
$26,353.1
$22,553.1
$18,772.8
$17,577.4
$17,531.1
$16,191.3
$13,711.6
$788.7
$45.3
$44.3

Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)



$392.3
$23,039.5
$33,661.7
$40,663.7
$44,007.6
$48,411.5
$43,328.0
$37,050.6
$36,281.2
$38,597.9
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $26,467.0
$24,707.9
$23,268.3
$23,010.1
$24,135.8
$22,392.0
$23,268.5
$20,823.6
$22,628.7
$20,168.1
$19,574.3
$18,564.3
$21,760.6
$20,251.0
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $31,241.2
$26,061.7
$26,662.7
$38,028.6
$27,210.9
$27,785.2
$33,629.8
$33,767.2
$35,466.0
$31,120.4
$24,439.1
$24,944.1
$32,722.2
$42,581.2
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $1,055.7
$8.3
$34.5
$7.2
$0.2

$0.6


$1.3
$4.1
$0.7
$14.9
$15.1
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) $210.0
$32.9
$38.8
$6.5
$81.6
$176.9
$382.9
$160.8
$50.7
$0.8
$22.6
$146.4
$17.5
$20.5
Plant Materials Center (PMC)



$297.8
$134.0



$8.0




Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)








$21.2
$593.8
$2,313.5
$2,076.8
$486.3
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $2,034.8
$1,940.5
$1,895.8
$1,870.1
$1,805.5
$1,927.6
$845.5







Soil Survey (SOIL) $1,422.3
$1,531.9
$1,604.7
$1,570.5
$1,036.1
$1,177.7
$1,271.8
$937.6
$261.0
$526.0
$483.5
$408.3
$448.5
$478.2
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $338.5
$674.6
$229.3
$64.5










Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $8,911.0
$8,591.5
$1,272.1
$2,258.0
$3,311.9
$3,888.2
$940.5
$220.7
$40.1


$10.4
$17.3
$8.5
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $195.2
$273.8
$521.6
$168.6

$5.0


$15.0
$86.0
$23.9
$2.3


Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $0.7
$170.8
$77.0
$3,908.3
$38,260.5
$50,828.9
$2,364.7
$-286.6
$314.7
$-2.9
$526.1
$14.7

$101.5
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $12,854.6
$12,443.1
$16,420.7
$10,829.8
$17,640.5
$13,388.0
$37,383.3
$31,368.5
$23,274.7
$521.6
$867.8
$3,724.3
$2,017.1
$854.6
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $564.3
$893.9
$407.7
$1,771.8
$957.7
$992.1
$536.4
$290.5
$571.0
$14.2
$25.7
$36.6
$12.6

Other





$44.7


$6.2
$70.0


$34.9
Total $110,314.4
$102,483.7
$104,731.3
$114,700.9
$142,234.6
$170,795.5
$159,224.8
$151,861.4
$148,677.8
$137,724.6
$114,009.8
$115,370.1
$126,695.5
$127,295.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2018 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program, VPAP and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Technical Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)








$2,207.1
$2,504.7
$2,107.4
$2,750.6
$2,123.2
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)



$23.8
$43.5
$60.7
$65.7
$55.6
$1.6
$1.5
$11.7
$0.7

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)








$9,368.7
$9,602.0
$12,848.5
$13,042.3
$9,098.9
Conservation Security Program (CSP) $2,779.8
$2,550.7
$1,293.3
$2,483.7
$1,521.8
$1,093.1
$523.1
$888.7
$543.3
$341.9
$210.9
$12.2
$11.1

Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)



$392.3
$2,783.9
$2,921.5
$3,322.6
$3,188.7
$3,710.5
$6,729.4
$5,071.9
$5,603.2
$6,538.2
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $26,379.0
$24,676.8
$23,166.5
$22,648.0
$23,124.6
$21,958.3
$23,094.1
$20,724.9
$22,526.4
$19,972.4
$19,484.0
$18,588.2
$21,745.0
$20,234.5
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $6,344.9
$5,440.8
$4,953.8
$5,922.0
$6,140.7
$6,639.5
$8,567.0
$7,958.0
$7,582.5
$7,873.5
$6,652.9
$6,521.0
$6,746.7
$7,113.3
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $28.7
$8.3
$34.5
$7.2
$0.2

$0.6


$1.3
$4.1
$0.7
$14.9
$15.1
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) $210.0
$32.9
$38.8
$6.5
$77.7
$83.8
$89.7
$52.6
$45.4
$0.8
$22.6
$146.4
$17.5
$20.5
Plant Materials Center (PMC)



$297.8
$134.0



$8.0




Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)








$21.2
$372.7
$1,009.6
$502.7
$69.2
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $2,032.9
$1,938.6
$1,863.6
$1,867.9
$1,805.5
$1,927.6
$845.5







Soil Survey (SOIL) $1,208.6
$1,194.8
$1,194.1
$1,093.9
$1,007.4
$1,037.3
$1,094.2
$906.6
$261.0
$526.0
$483.5
$408.3
$448.5
$478.2
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $338.5
$674.6
$229.3
$64.5










Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $3,307.7
$2,174.9
$973.0
$777.5
$618.4
$732.3
$158.8
$275.9
$0.6




$9.0
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $195.2
$103.8
$191.6
$168.8

$5.0


$15.0
$86.0
$23.9
$2.3


Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $-0.5
$0.1
$9.5
$352.4
$2,030.0
$1,416.0
$363.9
$6.6
$71.4
$-2.9
$68.3
$14.7

$19.0
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $1,208.7
$1,313.5
$1,148.8
$1,993.5
$1,142.1
$915.1
$1,771.1
$2,296.0
$1,881.4
$514.8
$395.3
$922.2
$617.1
$507.6
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $124.2
$181.1
$66.4
$406.2
$168.3
$286.4
$261.7
$127.5
$142.0
$7.0
$3.0
$36.6
$12.6

Other








$6.2



$34.9
Total $44,157.7
$40,290.9
$35,163.2
$37,792.1
$38,350.6
$39,055.8
$39,751.9
$36,625.1
$36,313.3
$44,644.1
$46,558.9
$47,701.7
$51,512.9
$46,261.6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2018 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program, VPAP and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Financial Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)








$11,553.1
$11,154.0
$13,140.9
$15,489.0
$12,643.7
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)



$158.8
$85.9
$102.5
$99.0
$84.2





Conservation Security Program (CSP) $15,239.4
$15,258.6
$24,867.4
$23,869.4
$21,031.3
$17,679.7
$17,054.3
$16,642.3
$15,648.0
$13,369.7
$577.8
$33.1
$33.1

Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)




$20,255.6
$30,740.2
$37,341.1
$40,818.9
$44,701.0
$36,598.5
$31,978.6
$30,678.0
$32,059.7
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $24,896.3
$20,521.0
$21,309.0
$31,706.6
$21,070.2
$21,145.7
$25,062.7
$25,809.2
$27,883.5
$23,246.9
$17,786.2
$18,423.1
$25,975.5
$35,467.9
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $1,027.0













Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)



$3.9
$93.1
$293.2
$108.2
$5.3





Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)









$221.1
$1,303.9
$1,574.0
$417.1
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $5,603.3
$6,416.7
$297.5
$1,480.1
$2,693.5
$3,155.9
$781.6
$-55.2
$39.5





Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)
$170.0
$330.0
$-0.1










Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $1.2
$170.7
$67.5
$3,555.9
$36,230.5
$49,412.9
$2,000.8
$-293.2
$243.3

$457.8


$82.5
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $11,633.6
$11,126.9
$15,271.9
$8,836.4
$16,498.4
$12,472.9
$35,612.2
$29,072.5
$21,393.3
$6.8
$472.5
$2,802.1
$1,400.0
$347.0
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $440.2
$712.9
$341.3
$1,365.6
$789.3
$705.7
$274.7
$163.1
$429.0
$7.2
$22.6



Total $58,841.0
$54,376.8
$62,484.6
$70,813.9
$98,475.9
$125,007.4
$111,922.2
$108,887.0
$106,545.0
$92,884.7
$67,290.7
$67,681.7
$75,149.6
$81,017.9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2018 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CRP, CTA, PMC, RCD, SNOW, SOIL, and WSP do not provide financial assistance.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Reimbursable - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $7,000.0
$7,343.5
$6,137.4
$4,853.8
$4,368.1
$6,158.3
$7,153.8
$6,219.6
$5,717.2





Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $88.0
$31.1
$101.7
$362.1
$1,011.2
$433.7
$174.4
$98.7
$102.3
$195.7
$90.4
$-23.9
$15.6
$16.5
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)
$100.0
$400.0
$400.0










Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $1.8
$2.0
$32.2
$2.1










Soil Survey (SOIL) $213.7
$337.1
$410.7
$476.6
$28.7
$140.4
$177.6
$31.0






Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO)

$1.7
$0.5







$10.4
$17.3
$-0.5
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)













Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $12.3
$2.7












Other





$44.7



$70.0



Total $7,315.8
$7,816.4
$7,083.7
$6,095.1
$5,408.0
$6,732.4
$7,550.5
$6,349.3
$5,819.5
$195.7
$160.3
$-13.5
$33.0
$16.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2018 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program, VPAP and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Conservation Practice Implementation Reports

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following chart/table combinations include data for the time period from fiscal year 2005 through fiscal year 2018. Data entry processes differed prior to 2005 and do not provide comparable data.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the NCP data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Acres Receiving Conservation by Program

The following chart/table combination summarizes acres receiving conservation by program and fiscal year. For the Conservation Stewardship Program, acres represent contract acres and count represents contracts in the fiscal year. For all other programs, acres represent land unit acres and count represents practice counts. Here, land unit acres are counted once for each conservation program that has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times within each fiscal year - once for each program that has been used to apply at least one practice. Land unit acres may also be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program, FY 2005-2018

Only programs representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Programs not included are summed into the All Other category.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program and Fiscal Year
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















4
2


774
83
703
163
1,677
83
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







1,554
26
2,455
110
3,213
116
2,053
72
1,514
71
278
16
187
9
136
2




Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 161,735
38,606
215,596
53,294
177,694
43,133
177,511
30,381
214,148
30,255
218,982
29,738
225,675
26,850
150,617
16,743
73,103
6,454
27,065
4,291
61,020
10,232
139,174
30,623
105,382
22,028
102,596
24,544
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)









797,605
1,480
368,164
713
287,909
552
175,346
381
201,209
436
577,436
1,009
372,481
626
320,908
536
263,089
498
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 892,582
55,923
888,581
55,563
823,472
53,451
816,814
45,172
730,856
35,792
758,389
37,794
826,446
37,767
792,871
33,271
744,260
29,582
351,527
13,994
505,592
23,064
538,668
27,059
585,515
23,821
667,138
29,092
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 211,321
8,758
223,746
8,913
400,277
18,551
322,534
13,265
293,620
12,418
279,720
12,042
275,498
11,212
312,402
11,671
294,689
10,536
217,314
7,404
205,822
7,397
190,461
7,288
170,982
6,645
172,209
6,911
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 2,167
114
1,943
48
347
24
386
23
775
2
216
5
722
33
888
23
528
14
177
3


296
46
484
112
49
4
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)



















144
9
1,394
52
13,707
523
32,663
1,142
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 392
3


























Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 21,027
244
19,930
367
12,892
212
3,562
74
2,252
41
4,862
147
10,394
179
892
17
178
2










Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)











94
2














Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 21
9
179
10
683
11


129
5
1,198
76
1,468
55
2,497
242
96
15










Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 9,263
313
10,711
395
10,340
552
9,612
344
7,927
283
10,606
274
8,405
215
7,263
334
9,800
228
999
12
4,006
244
6,193
462
2,437
97
5,190
165
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 5,461
147
6,260
260
4,773
376
7,236
364
12,420
568
13,944
584
20,615
857
17,639
525
11,603
310
4,323
87
1,909
45
952
16
544
6


Other 3,702
60
5,560
110


261
6
2,709
52
535
11
3,818
63
387
17
1,186
22
602
28
2,919
61
2,878
78
205
13
648
8
Notes:
• Data Sources: CSP Program - USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2018; all other programs - USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs within each fiscal year and across fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include conservation practices funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, and Klamath Basin.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes the land units treated in a fiscal year. Here, a land unit is counted only once in a fiscal year, regardless of how many practices were applied on it, or how many conservation programs were used to apply practices. These data therefore reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with conservation practices during a fiscal year. Given that multiple conservation programs can be used to treat the resource concerns associated with a specific land unit, the percentage of land units (acres and number) that are treated by more than one conservation program within a fiscal year is also shown.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Fiscal Year
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number
Land units treated by at least one program 1,181,510
36,553
1,254,422
41,735
1,314,868
45,808
1,213,811
37,256
1,156,820
34,847
1,169,344
34,380
1,258,780
35,561
1,188,999
32,171
1,079,739
28,168
584,631
14,382
750,521
22,345
844,287
32,375
848,803
29,672
945,809
32,813
Percent of land units treated by multiple programs 11.09%
7.54%
9.64%
5.84%
8.84%
5.61%
10.10%
7.19%
9.34%
6.32%
10.14%
7.20%
9.13%
6.51%
8.21%
6.41%
5.28%
4.30%
3.00%
2.82%
4.11%
2.98%
4.31%
2.53%
3.68%
2.41%
3.84%
2.38%
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present the conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Fish & Wildlife Habitat, Forest Land Conservation, Grazing Land Conservation, Irrigation Efficiency, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2018

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327 102,105
7,397
165,657
10,826
138,590
9,891
175,902
7,199
162,560
6,414
155,900
6,323
177,414
7,056
117,879
4,423
52,472
2,109
22,970
1,165
41,312
2,590
94,491
7,042
48,878
3,828
59,068
4,120
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 645,812
15,226
603,431
16,056
575,038
15,852
582,287
14,366
459,786
11,575
497,607
12,811
494,221
12,077
469,346
11,301
418,117
10,504
132,599
3,314
240,163
6,322
209,675
6,034
266,241
6,855
277,976
6,600
Contour Buffer Strips 332 12,573
407
17,807
480
9,778
592
12,519
527
15,523
505
19,702
669
10,692
405
6,067
207
3,579
88
2,014
107
1,366
50
3,150
134
2,010
71
2,785
115
Contour Farming 330 226,239
5,423
212,246
5,606
186,826
5,851
166,408
4,329
120,862
3,045
119,760
2,937
126,101
3,198
102,524
2,683
102,482
2,598
32,131
804
40,560
1,251
45,093
1,482
35,351
955
55,417
1,837
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331

3
2


64
1




















Cover Crop 340 315
7
2,248
113
2,672
123
3,688
82
10,767
165
22,546
492
34,604
747
47,144
961
126,672
2,589
197,662
4,041
205,423
4,380
275,229
6,849
251,122
6,544
367,118
9,052
Critical Area Planting 342 24,447
659
34,240
668
32,673
945
72,131
1,367
97,947
1,623
127,267
1,977
136,177
2,296
116,033
1,893
80,656
1,322
40,169
657
49,596
849
39,532
1,378
31,373
874
34,972
1,059
Diversion 362 728
10
393
8
118
5
113
6
50
4
316
5
696
6
534
6
181
2
300
3
225
5
94
4
139
2


Field Border 386 89,921
2,007
81,867
2,089
58,669
1,669
42,523
1,068
31,606
660
33,948
684
34,239
646
16,663
360
10,463
230
4,045
93
14,100
266
7,244
254
6,342
181
10,936
328
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 9,798
602
11,308
569
13,358
735
16,111
754
17,296
747
14,049
678
11,112
541
6,986
334
7,910
345
5,247
179
5,055
227
5,414
195
5,358
256
9,597
396
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 5,058
129
7,014
171
7,673
187
5,386
125
7,166
139
6,026
104
5,731
111
5,993
117
3,113
59
3,411
54
2,173
48
1,822
36
1,409
48
1,073
28
Grassed Waterway 412 200,835
5,270
220,326
5,627
145,212
3,967
140,556
3,294
214,044
3,550
189,909
3,115
165,380
2,633
124,097
2,072
69,276
1,263
44,085
856
58,674
1,218
45,493
1,810
29,902
1,080
47,213
1,209
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 132,213
3,219
130,948
4,107
157,656
4,640
81,764
2,203
88,370
2,969
153,465
4,770
173,712
5,865
101,274
3,145
11,439
370
5,641
192
3,765
98
8,046
385
2,885
123
3,764
116
Irrigation Water Management 449



332
2




155
2
214
2
235
2


31
1








Lined Waterway or Outlet 468





















44
1




Mulching 484



38
10
3
2
140
3
7
1
93
4
816
10
908
16
1,172
17
486
11
1,524
26
1,818
30
7,430
58
Nutrient Management 590 189,605
4,216
193,501
5,283
231,714
6,184
141,027
3,523
68,598
1,943
62,945
1,650
47,577
1,090
44,050
1,037
47,357
1,032
54,796
1,180
40,884
1,082
32,759
1,042
17,689
552
12,861
404
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 9,675
164
9,864
173
7,210
142
2,879
62
2,949
68
7,602
201
4,651
120
17,246
724
7,820
184
1,361
42
831
7
307
9
198
2


Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 463,525
10,209
441,517
10,630
430,895
11,088
356,417
8,092
287,737
6,050
266,286
6,231
288,547
6,383
243,119
5,302
208,241
4,584
59,622
1,486
104,008
2,622
89,698
2,330
98,794
2,515
92,178
2,123
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 272,264
6,669
275,976
7,131
214,059
6,346
212,079
5,545
139,928
3,557
163,204
4,189
153,730
4,018
141,230
3,482
135,608
3,535
68,504
1,608
96,421
2,784
107,453
2,957
129,837
3,356
198,438
5,788
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 6,546
125
4,237
73
2,366
38
1,013
18
993
20
680
12
1,645
27
182
5
13
1
81
4


139
3




Riparian Forest Buffer 391 1,993
250
1,201
234
1,494
227
919
136
994
122
996
56
488
51
440
43
289
34
301
34
110
20
686
90
166
38
529
64
Silvopasture Establishment 381

























6
1
Stripcropping 585 2,764
82
1,747
99
2,589
161
966
34
1,859
85
1,068
41
1,690
86
1,138
36
820
26
686
30
1,040
130
510
29
152
5
292
22
Subsurface Drain 606 13,689
232
20,095
323
26,986
369
22,139
347
32,860
461
40,415
581
42,895
538
32,856
485
17,825
279
17,886
238
16,278
275
19,787
311
15,209
306
14,011
267
Terrace 600 158,679
2,139
160,261
2,048
160,899
2,272
167,880
2,228
238,930
3,276
196,946
2,831
199,419
2,803
187,195
2,599
113,656
1,622
123,876
1,678
152,552
2,120
125,127
1,704
127,228
1,732
127,037
1,768
Underground Outlet 620 23,863
383
26,122
401
30,531
507
62,696
876
132,018
1,934
121,066
1,963
112,725
1,786
103,620
1,641
63,909
1,062
61,521
966
77,732
1,267
62,939
1,009
65,972
1,090
70,911
1,132
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 22,351
357
28,560
452
25,345
434
34,895
480
48,662
738
41,424
717
47,122
800
30,905
497
22,506
400
26,949
420
36,433
472
27,517
466
29,800
437
44,932
599
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 2,746
298
5,626
284
3,419
209
7,516
198
7,268
140
4,617
120
5,777
103
5,967
130
4,496
79
1,312
36
2,308
56
2,851
106
1,651
72
2,564
106
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 96
7
18
5
19
6
157
5
3
5
3
1
435
6
85
2
201
3


58
2
23
1
24
2


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)





















404
26
498
50
732
31
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







1,405
18
2,212
88
2,376
82
1,593
47
1,121
57
256
14
187
9
136
2




Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 116,963
11,774
169,386
18,650
126,239
14,604
122,355
10,466
143,094
11,358
170,552
12,547
186,099
13,244
115,561
7,566
39,295
2,161
17,345
1,567
33,195
2,779
76,515
8,191
40,308
4,584
46,496
4,962
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 821,053
47,524
810,183
49,312
734,791
44,901
734,093
37,908
653,723
30,410
690,168
32,431
749,971
32,707
715,388
28,224
666,957
25,411
328,294
12,322
475,722
19,802
509,320
22,186
559,861
21,346
644,570
26,499
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 14
1
13
1




1
1
468
30
315
6
1,317
91
33
4










Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 161,895
5,878
160,293
4,981
314,901
12,705
243,651
8,365
217,315
7,885
208,768
7,926
200,715
7,111
226,398
7,505
215,737
6,661
182,894
5,266
173,680
5,476
157,801
5,148
136,545
4,426
135,504
4,601
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 83
3
3
6


















23
1
191
37
16
1
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)



















144
9
1,308
44
13,519
495
31,750
1,074
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 20,215
221
19,585
353
11,374
172
3,274
62
2,176
38
4,282
88
9,798
167
892
17
178
2










Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)











94
2














Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 2,104
43
3,349
57
2,963
66
2,615
50
1,683
27
2,852
35
252
6
1,460
41
467
18


143
7
542
9
416
5
1,004
18
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 14
6
177
13
8
4
137
13
164
11
117
5
148
11
82
2


855
9
897
10
735
7




Other 3,402
37
5,327
85


228
3
2,709
50
535
11
3,817
62
104
4
1,186
22
598
27
2,903
60
2,747
73
141
11
608
6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,023,620
65,487
1,072,136
73,458
1,094,146
72,452
1,004,595
56,867
942,504
49,798
983,328
53,161
1,059,648
53,398
986,717
43,497
884,908
34,336
516,663
19,205
662,638
28,152
721,494
35,687
724,296
30,954
828,631
37,192
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2018

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 124,918
10,377
171,158
12,732
141,347
11,057
178,180
7,655
159,851
6,660
181,019
6,977
192,217
7,682
137,567
5,198
57,102
2,441
22,855
1,211
41,341
3,901
121,994
10,544
70,836
7,177
70,586
7,504
Conservation Cover 327 117,038
9,228
184,359
12,335
149,990
11,047
183,650
7,752
170,796
6,797
166,603
6,769
189,471
7,452
136,212
4,807
67,136
2,356
24,360
1,252
60,821
2,911
116,647
7,660
55,841
4,036
71,556
4,407
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 18,164
1,051
50,423
2,331
29,677
1,501
72,795
2,184
56,492
2,480
37,217
2,130
31,829
1,346
20,756
961
13,665
449
3,854
150
3,855
170
7,781
348
6,490
420
12,021
754
Hedgerow Planting 422 16
1




5
3






34
1
18
3


96
4


18
4


Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 784
41
2,398
213
3,444
141
765
83
2,870
89
3,784
157
3,404
144
3,559
190
1,001
8
90
10
93
5
234
18
379
17
273
13
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 3,899
437
2,557
376
3,957
431
3,037
281
2,116
196
2,086
153
956
88
945
90
402
47
412
64
389
53
1,394
168
275
59
639
83
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 646
139
524
116
204
48
74
7


26
1
















Shallow Water Development and Management 646 2,461
86
3,147
72
1,291
36
10
1


91
3
387
3
10
2
9
1
187
1
116
2
2,043
34
497
12
16
3
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 102
1
23
2


104
4
24
3
281
6
9
1
15
2
95
3








4
1
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 1,666
59
1,318
30
1,644
40
703
23
1,594
38
1,144
35
1,907
39
2,281
38
912
31
1,389
27
2,171
56
1,388
36
1,376
46
1,433
73
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 135,976
10,114
220,722
14,142
223,700
14,118
229,238
9,912
200,456
8,882
163,381
6,337
109,223
3,743
95,602
3,406
69,875
2,322
24,334
700
33,033
1,583
55,354
3,761
59,776
3,695
58,109
4,268
Wetland Creation 658 831
58
1,502
35
945
83
1,264
49
1,161
27
1,898
38
540
17
724
25
219
10
90
6
10
1
32
4
12
1
31
1
Wetland Enhancement 659 1,617
52
1,918
58
5,386
205
2,638
49
1,929
47
1,588
43
877
37
1,009
24
352
5
7
1
83
3
44
2
12
2
144
2
Wetland Restoration 657 25,046
1,679
27,243
1,409
22,132
1,249
20,407
522
20,707
491
24,467
686
31,548
702
24,190
531
11,688
174
1,670
59
9,349
286
14,113
427
5,936
292
8,124
343
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 23,645
1,490
25,262
1,297
24,027
1,295
18,743
542
18,436
467
18,656
539
13,982
338
8,747
298
2,739
91
2,078
78
2,066
69
3,557
115
4,029
241
4,566
327
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish and wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Fish and Wildlife Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















4
1


743
54
703
100
1,542
62
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







205
3
701
12
719
18
166
5
69
3










Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 126,144
28,089
186,715
40,137
151,349
33,107
147,116
22,863
178,735
21,268
187,662
19,169
195,168
17,139
124,903
10,616
56,109
4,156
24,425
2,630
56,320
6,854
132,857
19,451
98,313
14,562
96,327
16,147
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 65,244
6,121
64,420
4,263
93,480
6,616
73,563
5,219
64,722
3,897
60,923
3,806
58,090
3,648
63,033
3,803
56,409
2,916
18,503
795
19,357
1,862
23,335
3,238
8,358
1,079
10,285
1,320
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 21
7
179
9
683
8


64
3
897
59
1,071
32
2,322
148
96
13










Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 5,720
217
5,149
261
12,968
795
11,764
506
10,688
478
8,982
290
5,808
150
16,959
443
17,565
524
5,523
94
3,784
108
1,982
58
4,014
142
3,029
143
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 3
1
35
3
63
6


775
2
187
2
652
24
212
7
421
3
177
3


173
9
435
62
49
3
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















11
1


200
6
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 34
4
16
2
194
10




413
52
440
7














Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 8,978
275
10,253
319
9,787
488
9,095
297
7,725
248
10,218
233
8,043
187
7,194
270
9,210
192
999
10
3,969
211
4,962
303
2,016
57
4,053
98
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 4,067
89
3,672
144
2,056
221
3,025
181
5,943
275
7,385
251
11,821
387
7,345
278
5,440
134
1,388
26
308
9
63
3




Other 112
10
336
10


15
1
2
3




125
3












Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Fish and Wildlife Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 195,570
34,813
257,944
45,148
258,874
41,251
232,451
29,067
255,167
26,177
262,048
23,874
265,858
21,592
210,889
15,573
140,526
7,941
49,515
3,559
81,204
9,044
162,444
23,117
113,264
16,002
113,928
17,779
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement, thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2018

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 1,293
31
1,173
57
2,510
83
4,273
114
3,716
82
991
35
1,933
69
2,885
105
3,090
79
805
18
453
16
453
30
272
13
147
23
Brush Management 314 29
1
352
7
857
17
4,082
37
4,634
39
3,308
55
4,821
50
13,601
36
2,065
26
173
6
589
12
447
6
543
14
352
5
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647

50
1
72
3
171
9
1,184
20
1,531
20
1,179
16
637
7
1,031
15
84
1
175
1
168
6
230
1
6
1
Firebreak 394





















60
1
297
3
130
3
Forest Stand Improvement 666 1,413
59
2,378
60
4,411
89
8,133
136
5,595
154
6,330
133
9,305
198
6,758
162
6,385
158
4,123
105
4,527
80
4,527
76
2,912
60
5,840
65
Herbaceous Weed Control 315











13
3
125
3
66
5
26
4
74
2
244
23
311
5
26
14
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595

46
4
59
3
38
5
26
1
75
5
139
14
359
19
1
1




16
1




Prescribed Burning 338 6
1


17
1
179
8
12
1
1,082
10
1,062
24
676
22
1,198
25
406
8
273
6
304
22
1,267
7
1,015
17
Prescribed Forestry 409





5
1


131
1


243
1












Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643

131
1
18
2
54
1






8
1
132
1
8
2








Riparian Forest Buffer 391 10
2
81
9
23
10
196
4
450
6
78
7
171
11


8
2
9
3


16
1


35
5
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 254
13
1,489
28
811
35
1,503
62
1,747
72
2,849
83
3,451
123
3,228
105
1,836
59
1,559
59
1,595
34
1,388
32
997
22
536
23
Tree/Shrub Pruning 660 1
1


























Tree/Shrub Site Preparation 490

4
1
138
9
279
10
935
42
2,834
64
2,941
45
1,612
41
1,777
39
976
28
1,551
18
1,259
30
348
5
211
7
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 1,441
59
2,031
98
7,620
211
12,796
341
8,319
280
7,352
190
8,428
184
6,100
151
5,309
135
2,392
44
2,425
56
553
15
782
25
376
19
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Forest Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of forest and grazed forest land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







5
1






4
1










Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 128
6
121
32
69
21
486
24
102
8
66
27
184
54
298
19
25
14
9
9


263
21
22
8
134
45
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 1,787
103
3,088
154
7,085
253
10,307
426
9,554
349
9,259
282
11,084
286
9,995
299
8,288
215
4,715
131
5,752
131
3,173
99
2,549
66
2,508
73
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP)









14
1


219
27












Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 1,514
48
860
71
3,489
154
9,152
218
7,065
239
4,192
191
6,521
220
5,641
205
6,696
241
2,797
133
3,144
93
2,339
121
3,140
81
2,288
62
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)



18
6
54
1


77
2
13
1














Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 130
10
135
4
790
29
1,668
59
1,995
100
2,683
100
5,235
176
4,307
103
1,929
74
263
5
55
1
26
2




Other

61
5






















40
2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Forest Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 3,482
167
4,254
266
10,661
463
20,219
728
16,582
697
15,971
603
22,419
737
19,882
653
15,890
545
7,784
278
8,951
225
5,729
243
5,711
155
4,967
182
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2018

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Animal Trails and Walkways 575























15
1
231
2
Brush Management 314 9,440
327
7,976
313
6,739
255
5,529
145
11,971
223
19,287
267
13,624
265
14,248
246
12,916
258
6,134
69
4,573
79
12,182
76
8,838
96
7,397
74
Channel Bed Stabilization 584





10
1




















Critical Area Planting 342 886
18
1,465
26
8,307
169
11,036
247
7,370
145
6,809
132
7,253
137
10,052
199
8,104
163
4,373
83
2,616
61
4,016
108
4,663
78
3,960
79
Fence 382 9,585
337
13,365
407
19,341
602
18,200
495
20,359
510
21,385
454
19,926
436
15,674
361
11,682
301
10,863
241
10,684
215
13,197
316
12,998
292
17,716
284
Forage Harvest Management 511 2,736
123
2,675
97
4,280
195
6,662
325
4,759
217
3,147
96
11,888
493
15,808
548
9,939
320
2,094
108
705
30
758
36
281
19
362
16
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 19,529
805
22,588
884
23,009
1,081
24,115
899
19,073
624
16,249
575
17,275
578
15,340
412
16,515
520
7,695
184
8,049
270
6,619
223
5,491
173
12,323
239
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 3,325
100
4,530
136
7,219
192
6,106
166
5,132
152
10,309
183
9,441
164
7,063
151
6,173
132
5,464
121
5,707
117
7,981
144
5,793
145
10,662
163
Herbaceous Weed Control 315













2,111
79
3,302
90
687
25
99
18
418
53
294
54
346
44
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 2,581
51
1,828
96
2,727
141
1,687
48
690
35
1,270
92
1,499
75
1,560
69
401
29
289
12
211
11
289
28
43
1


Livestock Pipeline 516 3,457
113
5,503
158
7,101
182
6,487
211
8,540
189
8,347
166
7,036
176
6,939
152
8,899
176
6,545
125
4,860
109
6,973
123
4,914
124
7,589
131
Nutrient Management 590 11,213
403
10,362
457
7,461
328
7,956
270
5,359
161
1,807
75
2,409
79
2,312
53
1,417
39
403
17
540
23
338
9
819
11
94
4
Pond 378 5,107
126
6,411
111
6,756
149
5,221
129
4,824
105
3,444
60
3,740
49
2,817
59
2,701
49
1,975
37
1,453
24
1,484
26
865
18
912
21
Prescribed Burning 338 111
8
135
2
336
8
533
8
2,116
23
1,454
11
1,789
34
1,997
19
1,236
16
1,224
16
1,131
22
14
1
536
14
700
8
Prescribed Grazing 528 36,301
1,112
32,814
1,338
37,971
1,660
24,852
1,043
19,625
757
22,937
993
24,511
835
23,143
605
15,247
501
5,228
227
3,752
159
5,904
165
5,199
165
4,995
138
Pumping Plant 533 207
5
514
8
935
15
318
9
426
12
515
6
357
12
152
5
261
12
623
13
200
6
879
13
670
11
1,052
12
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 603
29
497
15
831
14
394
9
154
6
264
13
801
13
818
10
238
8
188
6
1,793
36
646
8
848
19
358
19
Waste Recycling 633





62
2




















Water Well 642 397
8
1,348
14
444
14
617
15
255
6
326
7
364
10
438
7
731
15
376
9
255
5
499
5
574
8
890
9
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 2,513
54
4,215
73
5,779
90
4,064
81
5,129
91
3,024
64
2,725
64
4,064
67
1,801
47
1,816
37
2,375
45
1,840
37
2,628
34
4,540
51
Watering Facility 614 6,701
184
8,061
244
13,915
364
12,973
385
10,871
278
12,800
291
11,822
256
11,606
240
12,318
237
7,917
161
6,759
153
9,569
175
7,477
191
12,924
183
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 106
5
98
8
150
7
96
7
343
9
82
5
75
5
113
5
182
3
17
1
116
4
52
1
61
3
72
8
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650

















6
1
15
1






Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Grazing Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of grazing land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)









15
1
216
9
164
2
44
5










Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 2,142
111
1,650
139
1,819
208
1,160
115
1,495
139
1,723
157
912
85
772
76
116
15
74
12
169
20
596
75
488
60
439
41
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 27,805
1,480
28,345
1,353
27,999
1,502
29,230
1,317
21,940
799
21,913
927
28,435
1,192
29,009
899
25,385
735
8,148
273
6,361
300
5,780
272
3,449
155
5,738
211
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP)













12
1












Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 32,949
2,100
42,187
2,840
57,045
3,708
49,152
3,024
42,712
2,540
41,146
2,348
47,397
2,301
53,247
2,261
49,226
2,121
21,404
1,196
18,734
1,060
20,397
1,162
20,906
1,190
20,690
1,203
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 2,084
104
1,905
39
347
18
386
23


136
1
423
9
820
16
422
11




151
37
72
50
19
1
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















1
1
21
1
423
29
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 149
1


























Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 366
5
81
4
1,205
12
253
6


200
1
















Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 230
5
74
5
425
18
349
10
2,706
65
2,843
55
2,834
85
1,472
25
1,151
29
738
11
317
8


226
1


Other 140
2
49
7










142
7


4
1








Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Grazing Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 63,619
3,808
71,334
4,387
85,054
5,466
76,713
4,495
65,697
3,543
64,208
3,490
76,502
3,681
81,504
3,287
73,843
2,916
29,674
1,493
25,232
1,388
25,243
1,547
24,732
1,457
26,643
1,485
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2018

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Irrigation Pipeline 430











133
1


158
1
189
1
72
1
168
2




Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441













22
1
57
3
37
2
6
1
132
3


4
1
Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442 6,503
41
7,600
41
5,790
42
3,414
26
5,946
44
2,315
16
1,813
10
164
2
1,410
8
189
1
111
3
64
1




Irrigation Water Management 449



332
2




155
2
214
2
235
2
13
2
31
1








Pumping Plant 533

11
1
53
3
294
7
217
3
158
3
155
3
114
3
989
7
246
2
297
6
104
2
68
2


Structure for Water Control 587 249
7
370
7
738
10
492
5
133
4
1,269
15
302
2
432
6


633
3
182
4
862
15
1,412
15
852
9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Irrigation Efficiency were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated to improve irrigation efficiency by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

























335
1
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 27
2
63
2
24
4
12
1


6
1


26
1












Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 32
1
172
2
47
2
170
4


27
6
284
3
4
1
290
1


5
1
70
2


126
2
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 14
1


312
2






















Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 6,540
42
7,611
42
5,844
47
3,632
30
6,163
47
2,403
21
1,523
14
418
8
1,015
20
763
10
361
12
489
15
252
9
141
5
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)























173
4


Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 93
1




141
1




















Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 45
1
136
3
355
2
245
2


983
6
232
1
292
2




60
2
120
6
294
4
195
2
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP)







133
4
11
2


55
2












Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Irrigation Efficiency. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 6,751
48
7,981
49
6,582
57
4,199
38
6,296
51
3,429
36
2,039
18
795
14
1,015
21
763
10
426
15
679
23
718
17
796
10
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2018

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 124,918
10,377
171,158
12,732
141,347
11,057
178,180
7,655
159,851
6,660
181,019
6,977
192,217
7,682
137,567
5,198
57,102
2,441
22,855
1,211
41,341
3,901
121,994
10,544
70,836
7,177
70,586
7,504
Access Road 560



1
1
1
1
14
2
1
1














61
1
Animal Mortality Facility 316





11
2
133
9
57
10
61
5
3
1
15
2
129
5
10
1
7
1
11
1
8
1
Composting Facility 317 197
1
19
5
18
3
22
2
24
4
10
1


11
2


10
1


8
1




Conservation Cover 327 117,038
9,228
184,359
12,335
149,990
11,047
183,650
7,752
170,796
6,797
166,603
6,769
189,471
7,452
136,212
4,807
67,136
2,356
24,360
1,252
60,821
2,911
116,647
7,660
55,841
4,036
71,556
4,407
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 647,789
15,319
605,609
16,161
577,045
15,997
584,393
14,453
460,669
11,606
498,594
12,862
495,570
12,133
471,517
11,386
419,642
10,570
132,982
3,343
241,525
6,410
210,643
6,092
267,301
6,902
279,035
6,656
Constructed Wetland 656 120
2
110
3
125
1
1
1
22
3
59
2
7
4
11
1
4
2
30
2
30
1


32
3


Contour Buffer Strips 332 12,643
444
17,816
485
9,784
606
12,564
544
15,523
505
19,702
669
10,725
408
6,067
207
4,037
98
2,021
108
1,374
53
3,154
137
2,010
71
2,786
116
Contour Farming 330 226,483
5,429
212,455
5,618
187,014
5,861
167,083
4,335
120,891
3,049
119,904
2,947
126,277
3,206
103,018
2,701
102,668
2,619
32,238
814
40,723
1,258
45,253
1,493
35,876
961
55,728
1,853
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331

24
3


64
1




















Cover Crop 340 359
8
2,261
114
2,672
123
3,690
83
10,951
168
22,558
494
34,646
750
47,454
975
127,769
2,616
198,249
4,074
206,123
4,423
276,912
6,961
252,422
6,603
368,977
9,154
Critical Area Planting 342 25,421
703
36,352
719
42,522
1,181
84,431
1,665
106,032
1,814
136,656
2,201
145,529
2,549
127,677
2,137
89,738
1,537
45,568
782
53,256
956
45,096
1,570
37,427
1,032
40,745
1,227
Diversion 362 1,150
17
442
10
130
6
722
17
111
9
422
11
732
10
636
11
253
7
348
4
240
8
143
10
156
4


Drainage Water Management 554















27
1
594
4
667
5
209
4
98
2
415
4
Filter Strip 393 31,115
3,418
39,966
3,305
29,405
2,503
44,090
2,032
51,245
2,101
62,711
2,621
41,387
1,751
27,389
1,141
12,323
590
6,137
387
4,653
569
8,716
1,483
4,506
845
4,530
784
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 12,703
313
22,904
424
22,071
459
15,621
352
16,692
311
16,451
251
13,778
249
12,535
243
8,025
151
8,558
152
13,666
144
5,554
130
6,518
158
5,204
124
Grassed Waterway 412 202,041
5,421
221,418
5,738
146,225
4,051
141,906
3,357
215,419
3,618
191,980
3,199
167,300
2,700
125,313
2,105
69,787
1,298
44,558
877
60,085
1,293
47,071
1,893
31,474
1,144
48,006
1,299
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 3,990
156
5,079
168
8,874
245
7,154
206
6,575
202
11,125
220
10,643
205
8,669
204
7,194
171
7,100
166
7,721
169
8,589
177
7,680
201
12,785
227
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 135,966
3,435
134,142
4,304
161,605
4,900
83,832
2,301
89,654
3,080
156,233
4,945
177,981
6,057
103,848
3,285
11,861
405
5,941
206
4,025
117
8,858
427
3,024
144
3,776
122
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441













22
1
57
3
37
2
6
1
132
3


4
1
Irrigation Water Management 449



332
2




155
2
214
2
235
2
13
2
31
1








Land Reclamation, Abandoned Mined Land 543



2
1






















Mulching 484 3
5
0
2
43
13
43
3
183
6
7
1
113
7
833
12
914
17
1,185
19
540
15
1,731
31
2,093
34
7,904
71
Nutrient Management 590 202,322
4,888
204,627
5,846
240,632
6,604
149,131
3,818
74,049
2,114
65,042
1,733
50,141
1,187
46,391
1,096
48,877
1,075
55,202
1,198
41,503
1,110
33,191
1,058
18,572
574
12,967
414
Prescribed Grazing 528 41,816
1,340
37,178
1,514
48,887
2,144
31,510
1,327
22,879
886
26,452
1,152
26,861
958
27,404
797
16,645
567
5,933
292
4,320
173
8,512
231
5,977
205
7,473
197
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 464,670
10,242
442,078
10,661
431,888
11,125
357,474
8,123
288,356
6,060
266,389
6,243
288,615
6,396
243,600
5,322
208,461
4,597
59,975
1,495
104,237
2,637
89,932
2,354
99,120
2,537
92,396
2,144
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 272,617
6,680
276,888
7,156
214,627
6,380
212,609
5,571
140,122
3,573
163,398
4,198
154,065
4,031
141,723
3,512
135,823
3,557
68,693
1,621
96,923
2,826
107,829
2,978
130,347
3,385
199,211
5,834
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 6,546
125
4,237
73
2,366
38
1,013
18
993
20
680
12
1,645
27
182
5
13
1
81
4


139
3




Riparian Forest Buffer 391 3,899
437
2,557
376
3,957
431
3,037
281
2,116
196
2,086
153
956
88
945
90
402
47
412
64
389
53
1,394
168
275
59
639
83
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 646
139
524
116
204
48
74
7


26
1
















Roof Runoff Structure 558



143
3
86
9
99
10
10
3
110
15
85
14
175
6
51
6
57
4
50
7
124
12
427
11
Sediment Basin 350 568
11
1,126
42
1,705
34
741
49
770
39
584
17
266
8
315
6
46
2
168
3
25
2
9
1


101
6
Stream Crossing 578

28
1
44
3
255
8
1,759
54
1,487
33
1,895
35
1,282
40
1,227
31
728
13
540
14
387
8
1,587
27
859
21
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 102
1
23
2


104
4
24
3
281
6
9
1
15
2
95
3








4
1
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 1,666
59
1,318
30
1,644
40
703
23
1,594
38
1,144
35
1,907
39
2,281
38
912
31
1,389
27
2,171
56
1,388
36
1,376
46
1,433
73
Stripcropping 585 2,793
86
1,747
99
2,589
161
966
34
1,859
85
1,068
41
1,690
86
1,138
36
820
26
686
30
1,044
131
510
29
152
5
292
22
Structure for Water Control 587 249
7
370
7
738
10
492
5
133
4
1,269
15
302
2
432
6


633
3
182
4
862
15
1,412
15
852
9
Terrace 600 159,807
2,163
161,928
2,079
162,345
2,302
169,322
2,266
239,976
3,310
197,883
2,863
200,796
2,826
187,871
2,613
114,389
1,639
125,089
1,706
153,476
2,166
125,933
1,751
128,075
1,773
127,739
1,813
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 6,660
539
7,580
524
8,209
570
8,742
457
8,869
398
8,899
355
9,420
392
6,469
321
4,131
171
2,718
140
3,343
123
4,765
245
2,005
136
1,912
166
Vegetated Treatment Area 635







9
1






11
1






98
4


Waste Facility Closure 360







12
2
6
1


2
1
5
1
37
1
2
1
9
1
8
1
8
1
Waste Recycling 633 731
12
1,468
23
5,197
115
1,532
36
1,695
23
828
20
463
14


671
15










Waste Storage Facility 313 1,984
71
3,644
130
3,855
148
5,575
178
2,863
123
2,081
97
2,163
112
2,705
116
2,560
88
1,423
67
655
44
827
42
506
30
967
34
Waste Transfer 634 11
2
34
1
20
4
18
2
79
7
37
4
78
8
138
10
381
3
110
4
290
11
113
9
99
5
86
3
Waste Treatment Lagoon 359

















22
1








Water Well Decommissioning 351



















52
1


135
2


Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 25,096
417
36,084
539
32,009
545
39,773
578
53,953
840
50,930
794
50,324
878
35,076
572
24,347
450
29,033
477
74,014
564
30,671
532
33,695
511
49,778
663
Wetland Creation 658 831
58
1,502
35
945
83
1,264
49
1,161
27
1,898
38
540
17
724
25
219
10
90
6
10
1
32
4
12
1
31
1
Wetland Enhancement 659 1,617
52
1,918
58
5,386
205
2,638
49
1,929
47
1,588
43
877
37
1,009
24
352
5
7
1
83
3
44
2
12
2
144
2
Wetland Restoration 657 25,046
1,679
27,243
1,409
22,132
1,249
20,407
522
20,707
491
24,467
686
31,548
702
24,190
531
11,688
174
1,670
59
9,349
286
14,113
427
5,936
292
8,124
343
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 4,593
509
7,255
483
4,942
369
8,937
437
8,784
328
5,892
334
7,602
362
7,708
358
6,259
244
1,927
127
3,224
184
3,761
236
2,689
176
3,586
223
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 109
9
67
14
56
13
234
16
84
20
222
28
644
38
374
51
474
24
33
7
142
14
28
3
55
9
28
6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















4
2


743
43
703
97
1,390
53
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







1,424
22
2,340
77
2,883
77
1,594
49
1,459
50
278
9
168
6
136
1




Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 142,922
27,748
195,599
37,124
146,911
29,417
138,161
19,808
163,601
20,017
181,911
21,930
202,563
22,267
128,817
12,932
48,660
4,137
20,268
2,900
43,240
6,533
116,360
19,472
77,342
12,455
74,713
13,156
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 845,101
48,461
838,052
48,892
764,062
45,623
753,426
38,720
674,827
30,123
708,538
32,391
775,250
33,113
728,755
28,309
689,648
26,004
333,907
12,240
487,670
20,365
522,768
23,588
567,421
21,404
650,143
26,516
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 21
6
179
7
312
4


129
4
1,093
60
1,385
46
2,497
218
96
8










Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 190,889
7,000
196,143
6,557
362,741
15,014
281,063
9,669
242,074
8,081
234,502
8,167
226,027
7,337
260,703
8,054
242,797
7,200
198,063
5,553
185,432
5,465
170,385
5,268
150,002
4,605
149,685
4,816
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 2,033
77
1,908
44
336
11
335
14
775
2
216
5
722
32
888
21
527
10
177
3


212
10
484
95
49
4
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)



















144
9
1,314
41
13,470
406
31,718
967
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 20,956
215
19,865
312
12,892
164
3,285
60
2,234
36
4,823
110
10,315
123
892
12
178
2










Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)











94
1














Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 9,009
193
9,738
239
8,946
321
8,425
215
6,325
154
8,753
176
7,543
150
7,112
223
9,139
170
999
8
4,006
198
4,899
266
2,192
54
4,053
103
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 1,092
48
1,576
73
2,043
127
2,148
139
4,371
153
4,202
161
6,998
220
5,838
177
2,433
51
1,253
22
1,091
17
798
10
39
1


Other 3,644
54
5,438
96


244
4
2,709
51
535
11
3,818
63
309
10
1,186
22
602
25
2,886
50
2,698
58
205
8
608
6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Water Quality. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,105,899
83,802
1,166,472
93,344
1,195,627
90,681
1,079,265
68,629
1,010,723
58,643
1,045,911
63,088
1,134,910
63,429
1,052,508
50,005
951,887
37,654
541,210
20,762
698,190
32,643
789,248
48,757
784,165
39,125
878,863
45,621
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2018
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Creation 658 831
58
1,502
35
945
83
1,264
49
1,161
27
1,898
38
540
17
724
25
219
10
90
6
10
1
32
4
12
1
31
1
Wetland Enhancement 659 1,617
52
1,918
58
5,386
205
2,638
49
1,929
47
1,588
43
877
37
1,009
24
352
5
7
1
83
3
44
2
12
2
144
2
Wetland Restoration 657 25,046
1,679
27,243
1,409
22,132
1,249
20,407
522
20,707
491
24,467
686
31,548
702
24,190
531
11,688
174
1,670
59
9,349
286
14,113
427
5,936
292
8,124
343
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Wetlands were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with wetland conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)





















471
10
475
10
854
5
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)









14
1
















Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 15,703
1,556
17,153
1,301
16,121
1,289
10,007
443
10,922
411
13,849
575
18,398
544
13,435
377
1,972
83
567
52
4,399
210
7,277
360
3,165
254
4,256
297
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 2,105
134
3,187
97
2,828
128
2,233
60
1,423
64
1,647
54
3,195
106
1,176
50
276
21
147
6
902
37
485
18
113
14
681
12
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 21
2
179
3
312
2


1
1
162
10
627
11
927
48
69
3










Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 74
3
174
7
256
9
5
1
7
2


193
5
28
1
45
4
27
1
222
4
49
3
7
1
192
13
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO)









389
15
324
2














Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 7,120
90
7,359
90
6,427
109
6,878
114
4,427
81
6,786
108
5,071
85
6,133
100
8,609
78
999
6
3,650
39
2,856
42
1,542
16
1,780
19
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 1
2
24
4


84
2
180
6
17
4
50
3
73
4


7
1








Other 112
2


























Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Wetlands. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 25,047
1,789
27,976
1,502
25,920
1,537
18,656
620
16,845
565
22,723
767
27,825
756
21,659
580
10,971
189
1,747
66
9,173
290
11,039
433
5,301
295
7,763
346
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, October 2018.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) 2012-2018 Data October 2018
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) 2009-2011 Data
National Planning and Agreements Database October 2018
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2018
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 31 March 2019*
<http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/cp_ia.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]