NRCS Conservation Stewardship Program Enhancement Summary

Minnesota

NRCS's natural resources conservation programs help people reduce soil erosion, enhance water supplies, improve water quality, increase wildlife habitat, and reduce damages caused by floods and other natural disasters. Public benefits include enhanced natural resources that help sustain agricultural productivity and environmental quality while supporting continued economic development, recreation, and scenic beauty.

To learn more see CSP and CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

Conservation Stewardship Program Enhancement Summary:
by Conservation Practices related to: Cropland Soil Quality | Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability | Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) | Fish & Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation | Grazing Land Conservation | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code Enhancement Name Enhancement Code 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover to provide food habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects E327136Z1

235
9
524
29
597
16
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Establish Monarch butterfly habitat E327136Z2

2,698
48
4,726
77
5,352
82
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover to provide cover and shelter habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects E327137Z

22
1
414
6
385
5
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover to provide habitat continuity for pollinators and beneficial insects E327139Z

1,126
16
926
11
315
3
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover for pollinators and beneficial insects E327A





8
1
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Establish Monarch butterfly habitat E327B





190
2
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Improved resource conserving crop rotation to reduce water erosion E328101I





69
5
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Resource conserving crop rotation to reduce water erosion E328101R





673
30
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Conservation crop rotation on recently converted CRP grass/legume cover for water erosion E328101Z

36
1
36
1


Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Improved resource conserving crop rotation to reduce wind erosion E328102I





17
1
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Improved resource conserving crop rotation for soil organic matter improvement E328106I





15
1
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Modifications to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter E328106Z2

2,666
30
3,065
41
661
8
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Resource conserving crop rotation to improve soil compaction E328107R



95
2


Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Improved resource conserving crop rotation to relieve plant pest pressure E328134I





51
1
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Resource conserving crop rotation to relieve plant pest pressure E328134R



526
7
167
6
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife food sources E328136Z

555
24
3,386
111
15,407
587
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife cover and shelter E328137Z

130
6
1,543
50
6,327
162
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to reduce water erosion E340101Z

464
5
464
5
1,278
30
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to reduce wind erosion E340102Z



1,671
17
3,727
39
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Intensive cover cropping to increase soil health and soil organic matter content E340106Z1 1,343
23
2,783
49
4,049
77
2,803
35
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Use of multi-species cover crops to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter E340106Z2

486
7
870
24
1,620
29
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Intensive cover cropping (orchard/vineyard floor) to increase soil health and SOM content E340106Z3



216
8
216
8
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Use of SHA to assist with development of cover crop mix to improve soil health and increase SOM E340106Z4

32
2
149
1


Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to minimize soil compaction E340107Z

2,094
41
1,255
40
5,199
100
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to reduce water quality degradation by utilizing excess soil nutrients-surface water E340118Z



315
2
1,291
31
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to suppress excessive weed pressures and break pest cycles E340134Z

2,047
30
5,087
78
2,919
68
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to reduce water quality degradation by utilizing excess soil nutrients E340G





97
2
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to suppress excessive weed pressures and break pest cycles E340H





1,199
19
Field Border - Enhancements E386 Enhanced field borders to reduce water induced erosion along the edge(s) of a field E386101Z

2,627
12


65
1
Field Border - Enhancements E386 Enhanced field borders to increase carbon storage along the edge(s) of the field E386106Z

363
3
634
3


Field Border - Enhancements E386 Enhanced field border to provide wildlife food for pollinators along the edge(s) of a field E386136Z

4
1




Field Border - Enhancements E386 Enhanced field border to provide wildlife cover or shelter along the edge(s) of a field E386137Z

6
1


385
5
Field Border - Enhancements E386 Enhanced field border to provide wildlife habitat continuity along the edge(s) of a field E386139Z

106
4
205
1
191
2
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture to reduce water erosion E512101Z1



75
3


Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture for soil organic matter improvement E512106Z1



579
10


Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Forage and biomass planting that produces feedstock for biofuels or energy production E512132Z1

7
2
291
5


Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Native grasses or legumes in forage base E512140Z





673
13
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595 Reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by utilizing precision pesticide application techniques E595116X

18,398
255
22,254
401
48,807
966
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595 Reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by utilizing IPM PAMS techniques E595116Z

4,565
72
9,679
182
29,932
649
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595 Reduce ozone precursor emissions related to pesticides by utilizing IPM PAMS techniques E595129Z



1,386
25
2,552
29
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449 Advanced IWM--Soil moisture is monitored, recorded, and used in decision making E449114Z1



167
5


Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 Reduce risks of nutrient losses to surface water by utilizing precision ag technologies E590118X

6,294
77
11,187
164
31,059
536
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to surface water E590118Z

6,791
97
12,771
198
20,210
466
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to groundwater E590119Z

37
1
274
9
274
9
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risks to air quality - emissions of GHGs E590130Z

13,758
138
7,606
134
8,241
151
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 Reduce risks of nutrient loss to surface water by utilizing precision agriculture technologies E590B





4
1
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345 Reduced tillage to reduce water erosion E345101Z

2,395
35
4,294
35
7,900
75
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345 Reduced tillage to increase soil health and soil organic matter content E345106Z

4,427
28
3,560
50
13,102
105
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till to reduce water erosion E329101Z



62
5
2,709
37
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till system to reduce wind erosion E329102Z

1,343
23
3,997
72


Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till system to increase soil health and soil organic matter content E329106Z

1,077
13


3,157
58
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till to increase plant-available moisture: moisture management E329115Z



105
3
172
4
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till to reduce energy E329144Z





124
4
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391 Increase riparian forest buffer width to enhance wildlife habitat E391136Z





13
1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• Totals over detailed enhancements may not exactly match totals in main table due to rounding.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability

The following table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability. This measure is intended as a step-wise measure to show progress towards implementing a Soil Health Management System (SHMS). A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Also at least two eligible conservation practices or a Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) bundle must be applied during the fiscal year. Eligible conservation practices are those that indicate progress toward a SHMS and include: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till and Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles count as two eligible practices.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
Practice Name Practice Code Enhancement Name Enhancement Code 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Resource conserving crop rotation to reduce water erosion E328101R





53
4
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Conservation crop rotation on recently converted CRP grass/legume cover for water erosion E328101Z

36
1
36
1


Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Modifications to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter E328106Z2

661
8
612
7
661
8
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife food sources E328136Z

7
1
1,191
27
3,278
88
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife cover and shelter E328137Z



865
14
530
6
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to reduce water erosion E340101Z

464
5
464
5
657
14
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to reduce wind erosion E340102Z





2,048
21
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Intensive cover cropping to increase soil health and soil organic matter content E340106Z1

1,343
23
4,038
76
1,932
24
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Use of multi-species cover crops to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter E340106Z2

132
2
399
11
527
18
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Use of SHA to assist with development of cover crop mix to improve soil health and increase SOM E340106Z4

32
2
149
1


Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to minimize soil compaction E340107Z

291
2


2,256
24
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to suppress excessive weed pressures and break pest cycles E340134Z

64
1
431
6
1,457
26
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to suppress excessive weed pressures and break pest cycles E340H





695
7
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345 Reduced tillage to reduce water erosion E345101Z

32
2
587
6


Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345 Reduced tillage to increase soil health and soil organic matter content E345106Z

661
8
1,518
25
4,256
47
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till to reduce water erosion E329101Z





2,163
24
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till system to reduce wind erosion E329102Z

1,343
23
3,997
72


Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till system to increase soil health and soil organic matter content E329106Z

291
2


1,259
20
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• Totals over detailed enhancements may not exactly match totals in main table due to rounding.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS)

The following table includes practices that are related to Cropland SHMS or cropland on which a system of practices to sustain or improve soil health was applied during the fiscal year. A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Three eligible core conservation practices must be in place. They are: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till or Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles fulfil the requirements of a Cropland SHMS.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
Practice Name Practice Code Enhancement Name Enhancement Code 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Conservation crop rotation on recently converted CRP grass/legume cover for water erosion E328101Z

36
1
36
1


Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Modifications to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter E328106Z2

464
5
464
5
464
5
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife food sources E328136Z



22
3
484
6
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to reduce water erosion E340101Z

464
5
464
5
464
5
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Intensive cover cropping to increase soil health and soil organic matter content E340106Z1

36
1
36
1


Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to minimize soil compaction E340107Z





469
4
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345 Reduced tillage to increase soil health and soil organic matter content E345106Z

464
5
464
5
1,012
10
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till system to reduce wind erosion E329102Z

36
1
36
1


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• Totals over detailed enhancements may not exactly match totals in main table due to rounding.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat

The following table includes practices that are related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish & wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish & wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
Practice Name Practice Code Enhancement Name Enhancement Code 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover to provide food habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects E327136Z1

646
19
2,466
75
4,360
97
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Establish Monarch butterfly habitat E327136Z2

2,791
60
5,208
102
5,709
118
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover to provide cover and shelter habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects E327137Z

45
4
563
10
466
9
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover to provide habitat continuity for pollinators and beneficial insects E327139Z 29
1
1,126
16
1,084
13
473
4
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover for pollinators and beneficial insects E327A





8
1
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Establish Monarch butterfly habitat E327B





190
2
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391 Increase riparian forest buffer width to reduce sediment loading E391126Z



29
3


Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391 Increase riparian forest buffer width to enhance wildlife habitat E391136Z





13
1
Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390 Increase riparian herbaceous cover width to reduce sediment loading E390126Z



81
2


Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390 Increase riparian herbaceous cover width to enhance wildlife habitat E390136Z

154
1
42
2


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• Totals over detailed enhancements may not exactly match totals in main table due to rounding.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement, thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code Enhancement Name Enhancement Code 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Brush Management - Enhancements E314 Brush management for improved structure and composition E314133Z





163
4
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Maintaining and improving forest soil quality E666106Z2



305
2


Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Increase on-site carbon storage E666130Z





37
1
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Crop tree management for mast production E666132Z1



439
18
548
6
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Reduce forest stand density to improve a degraded plant community E666132Z2





20
2
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Forest Stand Improvement to rehabilitate degraded hardwood stands E666133X



33
1
66
2
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Creating structural diversity with patch openings E666133Z1



286
16


Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Enhance development of the forest understory to create conditions resistant to pests E666134Z





15
2
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Reduce forest density and manage understory along roads to limit wildfire risk E666135Z2



291
2
114
1
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Reduce forest density and manage understory along roads to improve wildlife food sources E666136Z1

480
4




Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Create patch openings to enhance wildlife food sources and availability E666136Z3

154
1


122
2
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Snags, den trees, and coarse woody debris for wildlife habitat E666137Z1



351
4
1,213
19
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Increase diversity in pine plantation monocultures E666137Z3





110
3
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Create patch openings to enhance wildlife cover and shelter E666137Z6



33
1
106
1
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Enhance development of the forest understory to provide wildlife cover and shelter E666137Z7

3
2
5
1


Herbaceous Weed Control - Enhancements E315 Herbaceous weed control for desired plant communities/habitats consistent with the ecological site E315132Z





390
4
Herbaceous Weed Control - Enhancements E315 Herbaceous weed control (plant pest pressures) for desired plant communities/habitats E315134Z





37
1
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612 Planting for high carbon sequestration rate E612130Z

84
1
3,832
36
2,086
33
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612 Adding food-producing trees and shrubs to existing plantings E612133X1



196
2
89
2
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612 Cultural plantings E612133X2

84
1
100
2
49
2
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612 Tree/shrub planting for wildlife food E612136Z

13
2
468
9
861
20
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612 Tree/shrub planting for wildlife cover E612137Z

40
1
202
5
643
14
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• Totals over detailed enhancements may not exactly match totals in main table due to rounding.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code Enhancement Name Enhancement Code 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Fence - Enhancements E382 Incorporating wildlife friendly fencing for connectivity of wildlife food resources E382136Z

133
4


176
3
Forage Harvest Management - Enhancements E511 Forage harvest management that helps maintain or improve wildlife habitat (cover and shelter) E511137Z2

116
1


239
3
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Forage and biomass planting for water erosion to improve soil health E512101Z2

8
2




Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Forage plantings that can help increase organic matter in depleted soils E512106Z2

189
8
81
3
627
2
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Native grasses or legumes in forage base to improve plant productivity and health E512132Z2



144
5
991
8
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Forage plantings that enhance bird habitat (structure and composition) E512133Z2

13
1




Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Establish pollinator and/or beneficial insect food habitat E512136Z1

216
4
88
2


Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Forage plantings that enhance bird habitat (cover and shelter) E512137Z



6
1


Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Establish Monarch butterfly habitat in pastures E512139Z3

21
1




Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Native grasses or legumes in forage base E512140Z





381
7
Herbaceous Weed Control - Enhancements E315 Herbaceous weed control for desired plant communities/habitats consistent with the ecological site E315132Z





31
1
Herbaceous Weed Control - Enhancements E315 Herbaceous weed control (plant pest pressures) for desired plant communities/habitats E315134Z





53
7
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595 Reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by utilizing IPM PAMS techniques E595116Z



10
1
63
3
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Grazing management that protects sensitive areas from gully erosion E528104Z

348
17
71
4
1,086
44
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Prescribed grazing that improves or maintains riparian and watershed function-erosion E528105Z

28
6


28
6
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Prescribed grazing that maintains/improves riparian/watershed function impairment from nutrients E528118Z1

180
6


412
16
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Grazing management that protects sensitive areas-ground water from nutrients E528119Z





299
21
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Prescribed grazing that maintains/improves riparian/watershed function-pathogens/chemicals E528122Z





70
2
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Prescribed grazing that maintains/improves riparian/watershed function-min sediment in surface water E528126Z



382
9
382
9
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Improved grazing mgmt for plant productivity/health through monitoring E528132Z1



195
3


Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Stockpiling cool season forage to improve plant productivity and health E528132Z2

17
1
99
5
41
2
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Stockpiling cool season forage to improve structure and composition. E528133Z1





105
3
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Grazing management for improving quantity/quality of plant structure/composition for wildlife E528133Z2



38
1
43
2
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Grazing management for improving quantity and quality of cover and shelter for wildlife E528137Z1





83
1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• Totals over detailed enhancements may not exactly match totals in main table due to rounding.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code Enhancement Name Enhancement Code 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449 Advanced IWM--Soil moisture is monitored, recorded, and used in decision making E449114Z1



167
5


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• Totals over detailed enhancements may not exactly match totals in main table due to rounding.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code Enhancement Name Enhancement Code 2017 2018 2019 2020
Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count* Acres Count*
Brush Management - Enhancements E314 Brush management for improved structure and composition E314133Z





163
4
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover to provide food habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects E327136Z1

646
19
2,466
75
4,360
97
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Establish Monarch butterfly habitat E327136Z2

2,791
60
5,208
102
5,709
118
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover to provide cover and shelter habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects E327137Z

45
4
563
10
466
9
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover to provide habitat continuity for pollinators and beneficial insects E327139Z 29
1
1,126
16
1,084
13
473
4
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Conservation cover for pollinators and beneficial insects E327A





8
1
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327 Establish Monarch butterfly habitat E327B





190
2
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Improved resource conserving crop rotation to reduce water erosion E328101I





69
5
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Resource conserving crop rotation to reduce water erosion E328101R





673
30
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Conservation crop rotation on recently converted CRP grass/legume cover for water erosion E328101Z

36
1
36
1


Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Improved resource conserving crop rotation to reduce wind erosion E328102I





17
1
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Improved resource conserving crop rotation for soil organic matter improvement E328106I





15
1
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Modifications to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter E328106Z2

2,666
30
3,065
41
661
8
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Resource conserving crop rotation to improve soil compaction E328107R



95
2


Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Improved resource conserving crop rotation to relieve plant pest pressure E328134I





51
1
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Resource conserving crop rotation to relieve plant pest pressure E328134R



526
7
167
6
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife food sources E328136Z

555
24
3,386
111
15,407
587
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328 Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife cover and shelter E328137Z

130
6
1,543
50
6,327
162
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to reduce water erosion E340101Z

464
5
464
5
1,278
30
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to reduce wind erosion E340102Z



1,671
17
3,727
39
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Intensive cover cropping to increase soil health and soil organic matter content E340106Z1 1,343
23
2,783
49
4,049
77
2,803
35
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Use of multi-species cover crops to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter E340106Z2

486
7
870
24
1,620
29
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Intensive cover cropping (orchard/vineyard floor) to increase soil health and SOM content E340106Z3



216
8
216
8
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Use of SHA to assist with development of cover crop mix to improve soil health and increase SOM E340106Z4

32
2
149
1


Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to minimize soil compaction E340107Z

2,094
41
1,255
40
5,199
100
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to reduce water quality degradation by utilizing excess soil nutrients-surface water E340118Z



315
2
1,291
31
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to suppress excessive weed pressures and break pest cycles E340134Z

2,047
30
5,087
78
2,919
68
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to reduce water quality degradation by utilizing excess soil nutrients E340G





97
2
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340 Cover crop to suppress excessive weed pressures and break pest cycles E340H





1,199
19
Field Border - Enhancements E386 Enhanced field borders to reduce water induced erosion along the edge(s) of a field E386101Z





65
1
Field Border - Enhancements E386 Enhanced field borders to increase carbon storage along the edge(s) of the field E386106Z



634
3


Field Border - Enhancements E386 Enhanced field border to provide wildlife cover or shelter along the edge(s) of a field E386137Z





385
5
Field Border - Enhancements E386 Enhanced field border to provide wildlife habitat continuity along the edge(s) of a field E386139Z



205
1
191
2
Filter Strip - Enhancements E393 Extend existing filter strip to reduce excess nutrients in surface water E393118Z



84
4


Filter Strip - Enhancements E393 Extend existing filter strip to reduce excess sediment in surface water E393126Z



232
4
355
6
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture to reduce water erosion E512101Z1



75
3


Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture for soil organic matter improvement E512106Z1



579
10


Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Forage plantings that can help increase organic matter in depleted soils E512106Z2



81
3
627
2
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Forage and biomass planting that produces feedstock for biofuels or energy production E512132Z1



291
5


Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Native grasses or legumes in forage base to improve plant productivity and health E512132Z2



144
5
991
8
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Establish pollinator and/or beneficial insect food habitat E512136Z1



88
2


Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Forage plantings that enhance bird habitat (cover and shelter) E512137Z



6
1


Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Establish pollinator and/or beneficial insect habitat continuity (space) E512139Z2



3
1


Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512 Native grasses or legumes in forage base E512140Z





673
13
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Maintaining and improving forest soil quality E666106Z2



305
2


Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Increase on-site carbon storage E666130Z





37
1
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Crop tree management for mast production E666132Z1



439
18
548
6
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Reduce forest stand density to improve a degraded plant community E666132Z2





20
2
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Forest Stand Improvement to rehabilitate degraded hardwood stands E666133X



33
1
66
2
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Creating structural diversity with patch openings E666133Z1



286
16


Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Enhance development of the forest understory to create conditions resistant to pests E666134Z





15
2
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Reduce forest density and manage understory along roads to limit wildfire risk E666135Z2



291
2
114
1
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Create patch openings to enhance wildlife food sources and availability E666136Z3





122
2
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Snags, den trees, and coarse woody debris for wildlife habitat E666137Z1



351
4
1,213
19
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Increase diversity in pine plantation monocultures E666137Z3





110
3
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Create patch openings to enhance wildlife cover and shelter E666137Z6



33
1
106
1
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666 Enhance development of the forest understory to provide wildlife cover and shelter E666137Z7



5
1


Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595 Reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by utilizing precision pesticide application techniques E595116X

18,398
255
22,254
401
48,807
966
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595 Reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by utilizing IPM PAMS techniques E595116Z

4,565
72
9,690
183
29,994
652
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595 Reduce ozone precursor emissions related to pesticides by utilizing IPM PAMS techniques E595129Z



1,386
25
2,552
29
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449 Advanced IWM--Soil moisture is monitored, recorded, and used in decision making E449114Z1



167
5


Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 Reduce risks of nutrient losses to surface water by utilizing precision ag technologies E590118X

6,294
77
11,187
164
31,059
536
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to surface water E590118Z

6,791
97
12,771
198
20,210
466
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to groundwater E590119Z

37
1
274
9
274
9
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risks to air quality - emissions of GHGs E590130Z

13,758
138
7,606
134
8,241
151
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590 Reduce risks of nutrient loss to surface water by utilizing precision agriculture technologies E590B





4
1
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Grazing management that protects sensitive areas from gully erosion E528104Z

348
17
71
4
1,086
44
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Prescribed grazing that improves or maintains riparian and watershed function-erosion E528105Z

28
6


28
6
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Prescribed grazing that maintains/improves riparian/watershed function impairment from nutrients E528118Z1

180
6


412
16
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Grazing management that protects sensitive areas-ground water from nutrients E528119Z





299
21
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Prescribed grazing that maintains/improves riparian/watershed function-pathogens/chemicals E528122Z





70
2
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Prescribed grazing that maintains/improves riparian/watershed function-min sediment in surface water E528126Z



382
9
382
9
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Improved grazing mgmt for plant productivity/health through monitoring E528132Z1



195
3


Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Stockpiling cool season forage to improve plant productivity and health E528132Z2

17
1
99
5
41
2
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Stockpiling cool season forage to improve structure and composition. E528133Z1





105
3
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Grazing management for improving quantity/quality of plant structure/composition for wildlife E528133Z2



38
1
43
2
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528 Grazing management for improving quantity and quality of cover and shelter for wildlife E528137Z1





83
1
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345 Reduced tillage to reduce water erosion E345101Z

2,395
35
4,294
35
7,900
75
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345 Reduced tillage to increase soil health and soil organic matter content E345106Z

4,427
28
3,560
50
13,102
105
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till to reduce water erosion E329101Z



62
5
2,709
37
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till system to reduce wind erosion E329102Z

1,343
23
3,997
72


Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till system to increase soil health and soil organic matter content E329106Z

1,077
13


3,157
58
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till to increase plant-available moisture: moisture management E329115Z



105
3
172
4
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329 No till to reduce energy E329144Z





124
4
Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391 Increase riparian forest buffer width to reduce sediment loading E391126Z



29
3


Riparian Forest Buffer - Enhancements E391 Increase riparian forest buffer width to enhance wildlife habitat E391136Z





13
1
Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390 Increase riparian herbaceous cover width to reduce sediment loading E390126Z



81
2


Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390 Increase riparian herbaceous cover width to enhance wildlife habitat E390136Z

154
1
42
2


Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612 Planting for high carbon sequestration rate E612130Z

132
4
4,611
46
2,974
59
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612 Adding food-producing trees and shrubs to existing plantings E612133X1



220
8
147
9
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612 Cultural plantings E612133X2

101
3
258
15
62
5
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612 Tree/shrub planting for wildlife food E612136Z

79
6
774
21
986
34
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612 Tree/shrub planting for wildlife cover E612137Z

566
14
1,049
25
973
23
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2020.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• Totals over detailed enhancements may not exactly match totals in main table due to rounding.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2017-FY 2019 and CSP FY 2020 Enhancements and Bundles for FY 2020 data.

*Count in this table refers to the number of records in the National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD). NPAD contains a record for each time a practice is applied to a planning land unit. Counts may differ from practice counts based on contract items in the ProTracts database because each contract item in ProTracts can cover multiple planning land units.

More Information

The data in this report in CSV format (file includes all titles and table notes) can be downloaded here.

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Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
National Planning and Agreements Database October (NPAD) 2020
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 24 February 2021*
<http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/cp_cstp_enh_mn.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]