NRCS Conservation Programs

Colorado

NRCS's natural resources conservation programs help people reduce soil erosion, enhance water supplies, improve water quality, increase wildlife habitat, and reduce damages caused by floods and other natural disasters. Public benefits include enhanced natural resources that help sustain agricultural productivity and environmental quality while supporting continued economic development, recreation, and scenic beauty.

The Agricultural Act of 2014 (enacted on February 7, 2014) made several changes to the Conservation Programs reported here. The Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP), Grassland Reserve Program (GRP), and Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) were merged into the new Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP). The Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) and Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI) were merged into the new Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP). The Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) was merged into the existing Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). To learn more see NRCS Conservation Programs.

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by Conservation Program |
by Conservation Practices related to: Cropland Soil Quality | Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability | Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) | Fish & Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation | Grazing Land Conservation | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality | Wetlands
CSP Enhancement Summary -- To learn more see CSP Enhancements and Bundles.


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) refers to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the Federal lead for providing technical assistance for USDA and does so through various programs using NRCS staff and private Technical Service Providers (TSPs).
  • Financial Assistance (FA) denotes payments (cost-share payments, easement payments, rental payments, etc.) that help producers and landowners pay the costs of implementing conservation measures, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be for Technical or Financial Assistance but are received from sources other than appropriations. They can also be transfers from other Federal agencies. For example, the Farm Service Agency administers the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and reimburses NRCS for providing technical support functions.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
In thousands of dollars
Fund Type 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Technical Assistance $30,479.4
$30,263.4
$28,695.1
$29,853.1
$29,291.2
$30,939.5
$30,042.6
$29,298.3
$27,685.9
$31,380.6
$34,388.8
$33,371.9
$32,691.0
$33,059.4
$31,545.6
Financial Assistance $45,588.8
$43,634.9
$38,000.2
$42,136.5
$37,935.7
$53,680.2
$60,986.6
$69,899.1
$90,463.7
$75,603.6
$58,068.4
$80,384.9
$108,587.1
$76,032.6
$111,636.9
Reimbursable $2,462.1
$2,876.8
$2,843.7
$2,653.4
$2,056.1
$3,562.5
$5,082.4
$3,385.7
$3,698.8
$1,648.7
$1,121.5
$1,088.2
$142.4
$148.1
$216.1
Total $78,530.3
$76,774.8
$69,539.0
$74,642.8
$69,282.8
$88,182.1
$96,111.6
$102,582.8
$121,848.4
$108,633.0
$93,578.7
$114,845.0
$141,420.6
$109,240.1
$143,398.6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.

Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
Includes Technical and Financial Assistance and Reimbursable Fund Types
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)








$4,946.0
$4,456.1
$14,305.2
$10,310.8
$5,776.6
$15,906.0
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)



$370.0
$1,012.6
$1,209.1
$858.6
$642.9
$8.2
$110.8
$13.7
$11.0


Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $585.0
$1,019.3
$913.3
$722.3
$551.5
$928.3
$3,663.1
$2,437.5
$1,523.5
$719.6
$915.4
$1,330.4
$2,982.2
$831.2
$622.5
Conservation Security Program (CSP) $2,865.2
$4,659.9
$5,286.7
$5,667.8
$4,932.8
$3,717.3
$3,131.4
$2,646.9
$2,136.8
$2,077.3
$1,238.6
$-6.4
$0.5


Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)



$157.0
$12,997.6
$21,565.9
$24,423.2
$26,467.4
$27,920.6
$26,164.9
$26,703.2
$25,302.6
$27,158.4
$32,405.7
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $16,799.8
$16,098.6
$15,422.2
$15,433.9
$14,964.7
$16,187.6
$13,941.8
$12,660.6
$12,429.1
$12,592.6
$12,047.9
$11,975.7
$11,991.2
$11,578.6
$10,807.2
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $43,435.9
$41,476.0
$38,917.0
$43,036.4
$33,800.3
$38,011.1
$35,161.8
$45,220.1
$42,220.9
$37,166.5
$37,197.9
$41,155.1
$43,460.6
$52,935.5
$58,422.4
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $4,527.9
$2,307.3
$2,112.6
$2,861.4
$5,701.0
$6,581.2
$8,584.2
$7,322.5
$16,282.1
$139.2
$494.5
$53.4
$150.4
$133.2
$-3.0
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) $310.0
$1,110.5
$33.5
$1.6
$109.6
$144.6
$167.9
$88.4
$85.5
$183.7
$47.8
$45.6
$65.0
$23.6
$0.2
Plant Materials Center (PMC) $362.7
$446.8
$576.4
$500.5
$522.4
$476.7
$442.2
$171.6
$68.7
$66.0

$170.7

$50.0

Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)








$17.1
$18.8
$863.1
$1,370.1
$5,199.6
$82.7
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $1,054.8
$1,023.4
$942.1
$951.2
$1,025.0
$959.0
$388.5








Snow Survey (SNOW) $1,086.2
$1,143.3
$1,045.9
$1,228.4
$1,264.1
$1,109.2
$1,355.8
$1,063.6
$246.2
$991.0
$1,102.0
$1,024.1
$971.0
$1,145.6
$778.9
Soil Survey (SOIL) $1,858.1
$1,679.9
$1,656.4
$1,782.7
$1,844.4
$1,874.6
$2,332.9
$1,519.9
$379.0
$521.0
$430.0
$404.1
$401.6
$431.2
$404.3
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $80.1
$99.6
$83.3
$0.2











Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $813.7
$342.7
$191.0
$70.3
$1,980.2
$1,469.4
$1.0







$1,353.4
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $195.0
$184.2
$65.8
$-0.1
$22.0
$348.2
$275.5
$-0.7
$5.0
$2,975.1
$1,674.3
$-1.0
$15.1
$432.7

Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $234.9
$3.8
$339.0
$216.7
$11.6
$46.1
$1,471.2
$1,930.9
$18,238.1
$18,078.8
$7,446.8
$16,610.3
$43,832.8
$3,291.9
$22,619.1
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $3,277.7
$4,126.9
$1,467.7
$909.5
$905.4
$1,528.0
$1,731.5
$1,315.0
$832.6
$130.5
$191.0
$125.9
$536.4
$252.0
$-0.8
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $885.7
$903.3
$486.1
$1,260.0
$1,120.8
$790.6
$687.8
$924.7
$290.6
$95.0
$42.0
$71.8
$19.2


Other $157.6
$149.3







$4.6
$-0.1
$0.1



Total $78,530.3
$76,774.8
$69,539.0
$74,642.8
$69,282.8
$88,182.1
$96,111.6
$102,582.8
$121,848.4
$108,633.0
$93,578.7
$114,845.0
$141,420.6
$109,240.1
$143,398.6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program, VPAP and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Technical Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)








$948.5
$499.5
$1,356.2
$1,134.4
$1,274.1
$1,074.3
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)



$49.9
$71.3
$179.5
$156.0
$82.7
$5.4
$66.0
$10.4
$11.0


Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)








$719.6
$915.4
$1,330.4
$2,982.2
$831.2
$622.5
Conservation Security Program (CSP) $748.2
$634.1
$376.8
$606.5
$433.6
$284.4
$362.7
$202.1
$192.0
$144.9
$258.5
$-6.4
$0.5


Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)



$157.0
$1,251.5
$2,068.7
$1,700.3
$2,385.8
$2,382.8
$5,029.6
$7,189.3
$4,470.7
$5,141.8
$4,643.5
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $15,094.0
$14,536.2
$13,865.9
$13,960.9
$13,871.3
$13,881.6
$12,981.2
$11,779.8
$10,263.0
$10,944.9
$10,926.4
$10,887.5
$11,864.0
$11,463.2
$10,634.2
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $8,700.5
$9,715.0
$9,796.0
$10,204.9
$9,384.5
$9,903.1
$9,149.4
$11,888.7
$11,291.3
$9,391.7
$7,222.7
$7,852.0
$7,967.0
$10,866.4
$10,255.1
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $157.4
$50.7
$54.5
$126.2
$159.9
$129.3
$189.5
$188.1
$245.2
$129.5
$97.9
$53.4
$150.4
$133.2
$-3.0
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) $310.0
$40.0
$33.5
$1.6
$87.3
$80.6
$78.6
$50.1
$72.7
$9.0
$47.8
$32.2
$42.5
$22.8
$0.2
Plant Materials Center (PMC) $203.0
$250.9
$248.9
$232.6
$241.7
$210.2
$230.8
$171.6
$68.7
$66.0

$170.7

$50.0

Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)








$17.1
$18.8
$863.1
$1,370.1
$575.2
$82.7
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $1,054.8
$1,023.4
$942.1
$951.2
$1,025.0
$959.0
$388.5








Snow Survey (SNOW) $1,075.6
$1,051.1
$1,009.4
$1,063.5
$1,200.1
$1,109.2
$1,215.2
$1,063.6
$246.2
$991.0
$1,102.0
$1,024.1
$971.0
$1,145.6
$778.9
Soil Survey (SOIL) $1,857.1
$1,672.9
$1,646.4
$1,757.4
$1,778.0
$1,812.9
$2,226.1
$1,452.6
$369.8
$520.0
$430.0
$404.1
$401.6
$431.2
$384.0
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $80.1
$99.6
$83.3
$0.2











Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $438.6
$324.0
$174.4
$70.0
$295.3
$367.5
$1.0







$42.6
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $195.0
$184.2
$65.8
$-0.1
$22.0
$348.2
$275.5
$-0.7
$5.0
$64.1
$224.3
$-1.0
$-0.1
$200.0

Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $21.1
$3.8
$58.8
$46.6
$11.6
$7.1
$171.2
$132.1
$2,009.6
$4,848.9
$7,446.8
$2,098.1
$809.7
$731.3
$3,031.4
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $173.7
$296.1
$264.1
$383.7
$352.1
$279.0
$258.2
$344.3
$257.5
$97.7
$64.4
$58.9
$496.8
$193.4
$-0.8
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $181.3
$205.4
$75.2
$447.9
$221.9
$244.6
$266.5
$169.7
$196.4
$95.0
$38.7
$48.8
$19.1


Other $189.0
$176.0







$4.6
$-0.1
$0.1



Total $30,479.4
$30,263.4
$28,695.1
$29,853.1
$29,291.2
$30,939.5
$30,042.6
$29,298.3
$27,685.9
$31,380.6
$34,388.8
$33,371.9
$32,691.0
$33,059.4
$31,545.6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program, VPAP and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Financial Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)








$3,997.5
$3,956.6
$12,949.0
$9,176.4
$4,502.5
$14,831.7
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)



$320.1
$941.3
$1,029.6
$702.6
$560.2
$2.9
$44.7
$3.3



Conservation Security Program (CSP) $2,117.0
$4,025.8
$4,909.9
$5,061.3
$4,499.2
$3,432.9
$2,768.8
$2,444.8
$1,944.8
$1,932.4
$980.1




Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)




$11,746.1
$19,497.2
$22,723.0
$24,081.6
$25,537.8
$21,135.3
$19,513.9
$20,831.9
$22,016.6
$27,762.2
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $34,735.4
$31,761.0
$29,121.0
$32,831.5
$24,415.7
$28,108.0
$26,012.4
$33,331.4
$30,929.6
$27,774.9
$29,975.1
$33,303.0
$35,493.6
$42,069.1
$48,167.3
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $4,370.5
$2,256.7
$2,058.2
$2,735.2
$5,541.1
$6,451.9
$8,394.7
$7,134.4
$16,036.9
$9.8
$396.6




Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)
$1,070.5


$22.4
$64.0
$89.3
$38.4
$12.8
$174.7

$13.5
$22.5
$0.8

Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)












$4,624.4

Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $375.1
$18.8
$16.5
$0.3
$1,684.9
$1,101.9








$1,288.0
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)








$2,911.0
$1,450.0


$200.0

Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $213.8

$280.2
$170.2

$39.0
$1,300.0
$1,798.8
$16,228.5
$13,229.9

$14,512.2
$43,023.0
$2,560.6
$19,587.7
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $3,104.0
$3,830.8
$1,203.5
$525.9
$553.4
$1,249.0
$1,473.3
$970.7
$575.1
$32.8
$126.7
$67.0
$39.6
$58.6

Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $704.4
$698.0
$410.9
$812.1
$898.9
$546.1
$421.3
$755.0
$94.2

$3.4
$23.0
$0.1


Other $-31.4
$-26.7













Total $45,588.8
$43,634.9
$38,000.2
$42,136.5
$37,935.7
$53,680.2
$60,986.6
$69,899.1
$90,463.7
$75,603.6
$58,068.4
$80,384.9
$108,587.1
$76,032.6
$111,636.9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program, VPAP and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CRP, CTA, PMC, RCD, SNOW, SOIL, and WSP do not provide financial assistance.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Reimbursable - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Fund Name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $585.0
$1,019.3
$913.3
$722.3
$551.5
$928.3
$3,663.1
$2,437.5
$1,523.5






Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $1,705.8
$1,562.4
$1,556.3
$1,473.0
$1,093.4
$2,306.0
$960.6
$880.8
$2,166.1
$1,647.7
$1,121.5
$1,088.2
$127.2
$115.4
$173.0
Plant Materials Center (PMC) $159.7
$196.0
$327.6
$267.9
$280.7
$266.5
$211.4








Snow Survey (SNOW) $10.6
$92.1
$36.5
$164.9
$64.0

$140.5








Soil Survey (SOIL) $1.0
$7.0
$10.0
$25.3
$66.5
$61.7
$106.8
$67.4
$9.2
$1.0




$20.3
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO)













$22.8
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)











$15.2
$32.7

Total $2,462.1
$2,876.8
$2,843.7
$2,653.4
$2,056.1
$3,562.5
$5,082.4
$3,385.7
$3,698.8
$1,648.7
$1,121.5
$1,088.2
$142.4
$148.1
$216.1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2019 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2005-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.

Conservation Practice Implementation Reports

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following chart/table combinations include data for the time period from fiscal year 2005 through fiscal year 2019. Data entry processes differed prior to 2005 and do not provide comparable data.

Under the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP), practice bundles and practice enhancements are funded in addition to conservation practices. For brevity, conservation practices, bundles, and enhancements are often referred to collectively as “practices.” To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated. With the exception of CSP, totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Acres Receiving Conservation by Program

The following chart/table combination summarizes acres receiving conservation by program and fiscal year. For the Conservation Stewardship Program, acres represent contract acres and count represents contracts in the fiscal year, excluding renewal contracts. For all other programs, acres represent land unit acres and count represents practice counts. Here, land unit acres are counted once for each conservation program that has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times within each fiscal year - once for each program that has been used to apply at least one practice. Land unit acres may also be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program, FY 2005-2019

Only programs representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Programs not included are summed into the All Other category.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program and Fiscal Year
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)



















534
5








Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







231
6
1,090
12
1,897
47
4,338
82
3,195
74
2,721
66
2,249
39
249
6
124
2




Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 123,787
1,947
189,526
2,483
242,404
3,237
271,541
4,006
243,479
3,047
159,868
2,549
336,579
5,421
300,128
4,348
342,504
5,934
257,065
4,461
175,631
2,756
270,141
5,624
335,379
17,637
198,131
4,475
141,440
2,238
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)









1,264,376
469
800,534
329
433,410
163
167,051
79
241,570
92
157,639
50
264,890
99
264,120
125
176,658
83
124,587
47
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 1,621,703
6,437
974,677
4,916
1,047,826
8,140
1,382,883
9,651
1,341,819
10,811
1,425,904
11,853
1,433,559
12,720
1,455,441
10,480
1,069,556
11,101
674,275
6,249
825,503
5,800
740,957
7,873
645,912
5,041
490,244
3,935
515,137
4,320
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 605,615
6,010
630,038
6,864
864,184
8,340
887,929
7,835
896,429
7,833
951,593
7,880
801,183
7,433
1,020,949
7,121
880,482
6,347
532,093
5,235
605,962
4,471
494,773
4,510
602,742
4,608
472,489
4,857
534,415
4,249
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 18,156
37
6,754
10
3,858
18
6,698
13
3,411
16
4,701
22


2,750
1
1,552
5
1,574
2
11,029
22
7,113
12
4,274
7
5,275
34
2,750
1
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















34
1
125
2
1,058
17
5,966
75
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD)

88
7




5
1




















Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 3,127
194
3,953
310
2,453
183
1,273
77
1,135
27
3,848
122
3,518
72
1,438
51
1,543
33
195
18
267
7






133
11
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)



















120
1








Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 64
4


70
4
1,081
17
14
3


175
10




5,120
6
10
1








Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 3,769
88
5,042
84
6,683
152
7,217
231
5,770
119
7,264
105
5,037
43
6,605
73
5,661
71
516
8
221
8
80
3
139
4
139
4
1,121
9
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 49,433
225
16,829
170
102,158
239
65,282
238
138,864
319
56,611
310
59,143
193
44,358
189
13,504
277
12,059
61
11,108
66
1,733
40
389
10




Other 23,840
58
6,091
44
5,129
11










124
1










22,756
45
Notes:
• Data Sources: CSP Program - USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2019 (excludes renewal contracts); all other programs - USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs within each fiscal year and across fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include conservation practices funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General and Ground and Surface Water Conservation practices.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes the land units treated in a fiscal year. Here, a land unit is counted only once in a fiscal year, regardless of how many practices were applied on it, or how many conservation programs were used to apply practices. These data therefore reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with conservation practices during a fiscal year. Given that multiple conservation programs can be used to treat the resource concerns associated with a specific land unit, the percentage of land units (acres and number) that are treated by more than one conservation program within a fiscal year is also shown.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Fiscal Year
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number
Land units treated by at least one program 2,318,548
6,838
1,745,414
6,848
2,122,899
9,105
2,457,813
10,139
2,495,845
10,552
2,453,911
11,031
2,514,847
11,975
2,642,993
11,197
2,195,351
10,424
1,398,810
7,248
1,528,818
6,626
1,405,034
7,592
1,470,986
7,189
1,302,135
6,759
1,421,965
6,839
Percent of land units treated by multiple programs 5.74%
8.41%
5.02%
9.75%
7.06%
11.63%
6.79%
10.87%
5.55%
6.07%
6.42%
7.47%
5.06%
6.40%
7.26%
6.06%
5.58%
9.22%
6.32%
7.33%
7.84%
6.66%
7.96%
6.34%
8.55%
5.41%
9.18%
6.60%
9.43%
7.84%
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present the conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Cropland Soil Health, Cropland with Applied Soil Health Management System (SHMS), Fish & Wildlife Habitat, Forest Land Conservation, Grazing Land Conservation, Irrigation Efficiency, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327 33,231
329
18,120
179
47,135
382
189,255
1,273
113,785
775
122,623
753
240,747
1,574
203,030
1,446
191,646
1,699
95,415
939
92,337
742
100,504
1,236
346,210
3,546
109,977
1,113
78,805
666
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327

























846
6
272
2
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 127,763
1,351
112,186
1,222
217,631
1,669
206,816
2,114
281,573
2,396
273,327
2,878
264,597
2,672
355,615
2,379
257,177
2,429
180,108
1,291
127,504
1,183
315,551
1,952
162,318
1,190
159,151
1,039
129,193
980
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328























1
1
10,590
70
21,682
137
Contour Farming 330 193
2
102
3


201
2
358
2
169
1
331
7


17
1
34
2


300
1
303
4




Cover Crop 340 23,313
230
29,377
329
71,047
552
34,823
232
9,490
84
13,611
140
31,429
277
37,392
364
29,370
281
34,600
340
24,092
164
31,494
254
22,920
180
24,821
206
35,300
279
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340

























2,438
11
17,843
91
Critical Area Planting 342 1,142
10
1,020
11
2,330
10
1,880
14
2,136
6
739
12
6,590
20
273
7
3,655
7
359
8


42
7
1,886
19
2,082
10
2,041
14
Cross Wind Ridges 588 80
1
636
1




71
1
743
6






2,053
7
85
2








Cross Wind Trap Strips 589C



972
2


4
1
149
6
924
5
1,219
4
1,359
3




460
2






Deep Tillage 324 147
2
2,771
4
922
3
4,054
16
2,794
12
5,951
10
3,310
47
392
9
2,662
16
3,844
10
327
2
419
2
317
1
2,041
12
153
1
Diversion 362 600
2
200
2
1
1
122
2
257
3
2,539
7
821
3
277
2
1,466
5
334
1




2,147
11




Field Border 386 2,092
26
2,984
50
4,263
42
2,641
53
369
11
880
14
2,457
34
195
7
3,469
36
72
2
295
4


4
3




Field Border - Enhancements E386



























1,042
5
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 4,271
65
5,933
102
5,455
75
11,038
104
4,180
69
5,288
89
6,014
104
3,860
64
23,173
242
34,376
206
9,282
132
3,607
51
3,821
73
1,222
28
699
23
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512

























104
2
1,144
5
Grade Stabilization Structure 410





3,500
1
24
1
893
4






43
1










Grassed Waterway 412 1,898
11
63
8
177
7
312
3
1,082
34
174
6
3,318
10
642
4
1,605
16
120
4
310
2
17
12
4,151
130
293
4
2,299
10
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 79,086
650
61,961
572
185,812
1,307
261,196
1,720
138,502
1,127
136,706
1,157
123,512
1,127
123,939
1,024
110,908
1,086
65,483
584
36,723
262
62,187
509
55,359
645
37,591
280
40,992
303
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595

























99,017
614
86,626
651
Irrigation Water Management 449 70,289
1,237
62,698
1,194
122,168
1,709
102,039
1,431
89,009
1,478
97,016
1,662
90,359
2,004
64,593
1,280
83,286
1,407
60,381
1,026
54,327
944
49,776
895
52,442
875
35,988
736
36,989
635
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449

























142
1
5,280
64
Mulching 484 374
2
217
7
644
1
212
17
86
1
21
1
902
26
2,157
31
2,035
20
2,119
28
2,577
30
1,288
17
1,300
17
683
18
335
4
Nutrient Management 590 72,789
604
78,643
685
165,553
1,156
135,769
1,036
81,917
757
98,345
943
88,625
885
111,950
918
102,843
1,095
100,922
714
69,497
570
70,013
618
36,901
376
71,887
507
67,520
514
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590

























80,404
442
87,337
632
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 60,519
867
56,790
700
89,511
921
100,883
1,095
172,529
1,541
134,582
1,701
110,179
1,720
101,120
942
128,257
1,557
58,191
574
24,872
268
27,395
238
5,302
48
3,909
50


Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 50,333
408
53,308
432
29,048
259
38,463
209
52,319
366
51,322
383
35,398
283
62,208
397
54,481
420
48,850
278
36,511
414
203,894
1,156
100,628
611
119,055
679
61,648
498
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345

























30,022
137
6,079
34
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 30,120
148
48,382
343
65,800
331
77,351
276
44,856
271
63,984
464
92,311
609
151,203
731
77,552
410
90,052
546
68,098
447
118,584
737
42,106
296
56,640
395
51,366
335
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329

























2,197
13
3,659
21
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 480
8
578
7
184
2
489
4
525
7


125
2
1,736
18
262
6












Riparian Forest Buffer 391

539
3




342
2




9
1














Stripcropping 585 2,325
18
2,902
21
1,449
16
1,106
6
475
17
5,157
32
5,892
48
1,843
16
2,753
14
506
3
2,088
7


812
3




Subsurface Drain 606 147
2
189
7
566
3
171
5
359
9
100
3
93
5
188
3
95
5
25
2
96
3
137
3
86
4
244
10
59
3
Terrace 600 9,162
33
12,572
44
9,252
47
25,026
90
17,306
60
19,684
75
31,151
109
18,147
89
17,456
66
11,816
42
1,893
10
3,861
13
14,867
50
14,802
57
5,190
18
Toxic Salt Reduction 610







164
2


16
2
62
2














Underground Outlet 620











131
1
15
1
24
1
155
1










Water and Sediment Control Basin 638





16
1










43
1




237
4




Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 2,441
100
5,526
40
4,553
74
11,217
58
8,088
44
2,959
49
1,498
38
5,042
28
1,468
26
1,366
29
1,475
18
824
16
426
38
2,298
89
2,758
48
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 138
2
308
1
288
3
525
2


8
1
147
2
156
3
33
1
5
1


58
3


1,914
25


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







226
4
1,054
11
806
10
2,841
44
2,775
48
2,433
33
2,033
24
194
2
124
2




Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 56,776
716
41,678
606
74,244
918
185,692
1,559
87,210
779
103,867
918
204,840
1,753
142,338
1,389
139,614
1,510
125,066
1,371
91,196
810
73,899
1,306
109,890
3,936
60,049
1,052
65,964
516
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























2,067
5
147,384
1,666
169,736
2,099
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 133,938
3,107
105,937
2,408
246,999
4,143
317,441
5,485
323,197
5,729
327,385
6,909
325,046
7,231
464,314
6,146
376,499
7,294
218,592
3,676
173,093
3,102
337,320
5,325
186,703
3,039
185,904
2,664
145,547
2,352
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 105,627
2,123
139,788
2,667
199,066
3,351
165,532
2,658
144,865
2,560
156,039
2,518
130,011
2,566
117,709
2,140
93,613
1,970
74,672
1,546
57,324
1,260
52,849
1,089
57,764
1,143
53,583
1,164
54,155
973
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)

























582
8
2,663
28
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 2,443
160
3,004
269
2,247
160
606
62
361
5
1,715
39
1,969
53
1,425
50
937
26
153
14
267
7






126
5
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)



















120
1








Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 48
1








384
2


















Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP)

30
1








73
1
9
1














Other 8
1
221
16












124
1












Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 287,259
6,108
282,272
5,967
488,381
8,572
621,768
9,764
538,845
9,077
569,279
10,397
646,375
11,614
692,920
9,770
587,677
10,849
412,067
6,640
313,781
5,204
450,083
7,722
340,656
8,125
420,969
6,554
391,134
5,973
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability. This measure is intended as a step-wise measure to show progress towards implementing a Soil Health Management System (SHMS). A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Also at least two eligible conservation practices or a Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) bundle must be applied during the fiscal year. Eligible conservation practices are those that indicate progress toward a SHMS and include: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till and Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles count as two eligible practices.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 112,939
640
83,264
634
260,697
1,495
122,930
747
138,912
863
93,051
669
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328







3,105
17
10,348
60
Cover Crop 340 1,237
37
1,362
11
4,008
45
2,238
23
4,329
44
11,777
84
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340







905
2
8,524
40
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 42,693
237
32,352
370
191,490
1,082
96,069
561
92,655
543
54,202
405
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345







967
4


Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 65,940
360
48,025
277
98,243
632
27,112
205
48,098
315
38,619
251
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329









536
4
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
Program 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) 61
1










Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 62
1


262
17
3,493
15


314
1
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)







5,858
39
18,352
119
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 106,911
1,230
72,064
1,221
234,602
3,148
114,495
1,457
123,853
1,657
81,140
1,330
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 1,738
42
4,978
66
6,146
89
4,258
64
5,353
92
4,064
63
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO)

267
4








Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)

120
1








Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health & Sustainability Practices
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 108,434
1,274
75,646
1,292
237,116
3,254
116,832
1,536
129,968
1,788
86,229
1,513
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to a Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS)

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland SHMS or cropland on which a system of practices to sustain or improve soil health was applied during the fiscal year. A SHMS is defined as a collection of NRCS conservation practices that focuses on maintaining or enhancing soil health by addressing four soil health management principles: minimize disturbance, maximize soil cover, maximize biodiversity and maximize presence of living roots. Note that only practices applied on cropland are included. Three eligible core conservation practices must be in place. They are: Conservation Crop Rotation, Residue and Tillage Management (No Till or Reduced Till), Cover Crop, and corresponding CSP activities and bundles. Some CSP bundles fulfil the requirements of a Cropland SHMS.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 699
8


1,316
8
1,557
4
1,891
7
9,687
49
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328









161
1
Cover Crop 340 472
3


1,752
22
935
3
762
4
7,167
37
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340







905
2
6,796
34
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 70
1


438
3


710
4
2,872
13
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 410
2


851
6
1,557
4
1,181
3
6,570
34
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329









319
2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland SHMS were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
Program 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 62
1


262
17






Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)







905
2
6,796
37
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 505
12


877
17
778
8
1,036
7
7,167
131
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 155
1


280
5
778
3
631
11
251
2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to a Cropland SHMS. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Health Management System (SHMS) Practices
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 505
14


993
39
778
11
1,667
20
7,167
170
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for Fish & Wildlife Habitat and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to Fish & Wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 47,102
368
31,419
327
110,112
709
162,683
713
136,701
926
104,767
663
230,857
1,518
161,273
1,214
202,697
1,751
98,436
1,120
94,458
806
93,601
1,160
336,591
3,485
101,797
955
72,124
504
Access Control - Enhancements E472



























86
1
Aquatic Organism Passage 396







134
1


1,654
1












114
1


Conservation Cover 327 35,405
342
18,242
183
48,436
387
195,373
1,320
114,872
782
123,761
767
241,325
1,579
214,802
1,475
196,894
1,749
96,486
952
94,291
758
101,436
1,244
350,300
3,582
112,996
1,153
87,904
742
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327

























847
7
360
13
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 1,095
7
40
1
491
5
2,883
4
29
1
478
4
9,032
67
11,899
97
13,606
156
74,828
420
53,481
317
166,626
1,114
316,576
2,438
160,876
1,067
65,492
547
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643

449
3
320
2


599
3
5,383
3
778
3
220
4
326
2
1,581
9
931
16
460
8
88
1
130
2
762
3
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 4,062
9
2,122
15
1,031
12
16,159
6
806
19
1,474
18
493
7
5,147
9
1,348
6
489
4
2,548
6
368
10
401
4
19
1
78
1
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 237
6
455
4
2
2
45
1
302
3
5,430
4
2,864
8
7,790
5
274
2
972
2
11
1
24
1




215
8
Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390

























9
1


Shallow Water Development and Management 646



450
7
212
3
411
5
244
2
205
1
65
2


9
1
199
1


1
1




Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 1,047
6
1,106
6
399
10
24,940
30
4,184
52
13,081
59
7,708
39
1,366
26
4,292
25
4,624
19
252
6
1,391
21
476
3
256
1
152
2
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 2,613
22
14,219
47
20,040
35
43,516
61
17,516
44
16,982
84
10,642
41
5,375
34
13,639
56
5,931
29
1,525
27
1,232
31
1,956
27
678
16
2,642
38
Streambank and Shoreline Protection - Enhancements E580























71
1


92
2
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 357,174
969
321,085
1,160
390,159
1,666
595,973
2,130
612,333
2,125
466,629
1,893
431,178
2,169
347,557
1,753
289,771
1,928
190,857
1,219
157,681
829
253,005
1,710
548,491
4,095
184,373
1,310
142,501
729
Wetland Creation 658 279
9
219
2
58
2
201
6
267
8
50
2




35
1




165
4
36
2


5
1
Wetland Enhancement 659 52,059
10
161,771
26
2,010
20
3,669
26
70,648
38
7,632
40
13,409
26
11,019
45
3,708
22
969
9
534
1








Wetland Restoration 657 2,675
18
1,089
12
3,178
10
11,106
28
1,720
17
810
2


52
1
205
2
32
2
17
1








Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 10,807
77
7,227
59
13,926
88
12,879
162
36,100
144
7,426
85
5,876
37
6,195
35
1,778
38
10,391
23
1,952
13
437
10
151
3
158
7
13,237
20
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish & Wildlife habitat Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish & wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)



















534
2








Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)











128
2
501
1














Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 66,819
949
112,583
1,082
123,474
1,374
229,013
2,363
138,661
1,878
129,262
1,726
299,831
3,645
209,591
2,836
182,345
3,579
170,594
2,653
142,814
1,957
226,550
3,994
318,336
12,820
187,958
3,597
104,694
1,780
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























71
1
856
8
2,279
48
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 300,471
599
242,451
494
225,635
1,159
441,739
1,591
459,204
1,790
294,004
1,307
266,324
1,473
225,020
1,468
182,869
1,904
127,943
967
69,436
608
80,943
1,098
116,594
625
76,034
661
95,243
633
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP)







14
2


175
10
















Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 35,955
125
13,291
123
34,729
210
56,388
309
26,469
218
29,065
320
17,100
257
52,550
232
24,152
159
14,680
133
59,531
192
54,742
204
54,677
189
25,380
238
6,756
146
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 10,121
9
5,674
8
3,858
9
2,912
7
3,411
10
4,701
12








4,932
9
7,113
6
3,495
4
5,275
17


Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD)







5
1




















Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO)









9
1




478
3












Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 3,546
57
3,997
47
5,525
66
5,280
80
5,631
73
6,144
72
3,012
14
2,811
33
4,333
35
516
8
34
4


139
2


364
4
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 27,369
103
7,503
89
44,377
137
34,031
140
54,165
196
48,550
188
37,500
95
34,950
130
6,116
58
11,697
48
3,529
10
764
11
154
1




Other 331
1
688
2


























Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Fish & Wildlife Habitat Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Fish & Wildlife Habitat Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 443,354
1,843
385,281
1,845
426,291
2,955
721,043
4,490
679,276
4,168
501,779
3,626
614,164
5,496
516,740
4,700
369,903
5,738
315,256
3,809
270,789
2,782
365,451
5,313
481,619
13,642
293,606
4,521
205,512
2,611
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement, thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472















3,978
1












Brush Management 314

1,456
3
3,930
4
860
5
4,682
8


1,127
6
1,793
5
3,184
19
1,744
8
65
1
264
4
3,470
12
927
2
495
5
Firebreak 394







15,216
1






266
1
441
2










Forest Stand Improvement 666 1,070
27
6,158
44
7,830
72
23,467
93
9,558
99
22,712
191
20,297
232
43,984
330
32,522
199
21,102
239
12,786
154
20,465
186
26,024
168
50,110
205
62,973
219
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666

























66
1
132
2
Fuel Break 383









1,767
2
130
2
53
4
1,147
3
14
1










Herbaceous Weed Control 315















3,350
34




1,153
4
6,760
29
22,020
53
19,406
53
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595

366
6
847
13
3,462
27
17,284
33
4,625
63
10,752
102
9,076
58
10,999
31
1,550
35
1,562
53
937
64
459
30
725
38
1,038
12
Prescribed Burning 338

3,986
1








1,128
1
















Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643





















28
1






Riparian Forest Buffer 391





40
1








1,124
1












Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395















56
1
1,721
5


10
1






Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 3
1
864
7
898
11
588
3
76,735
11
638
8
794
17
1,684
11
281
5
357
9
3,770
9
259
6
4,202
7
85
2
3,441
5
Tree/Shrub Site Preparation 490



260
6




64
2
220
4
1,206
3
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
9
2




Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 663
14
10,263
23
4,996
16
22,344
28
94,120
44
20,851
108
29,776
112
17,583
52
4,524
33
5,862
47
5,181
63
5,966
82
8,540
74
7,198
37
9,381
37
Woody Residue Treatment 384







1,120
1
5,114
44
8,731
84
33,480
140
28,759
146
18,766
185
9,897
112
17,153
132
36,574
131
41,620
141
53,230
182
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Forest Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of forest and grazed forest land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)

























66
1
217
3
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 581
13
6,187
28
4,854
19
22,158
24
93,411
32
21,221
91
27,804
120
14,058
41
9,572
42
7,719
38
4,951
90
4,959
82
9,313
70
6,912
81
13,330
114
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 741
29
3,158
56
8,466
103
10,992
133
26,806
165
15,381
327
21,795
439
28,832
561
19,987
380
11,998
494
10,556
303
12,564
399
20,195
383
25,076
397
20,712
398
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO)















105
1












Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP)











120
1
4
1
3,795
52












Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Forest Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 992
42
7,959
84
12,762
122
31,447
157
104,926
197
35,606
418
45,679
560
42,221
603
31,307
475
17,351
532
12,943
393
14,684
481
28,039
453
28,845
479
29,369
515
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Road 560













1,270
2








1,166
1




Animal Trails and Walkways 575

















8,099
2










Brush Management 314 47,976
67
42,762
58
105,928
149
124,849
122
280,275
154
127,831
105
146,998
119
107,809
121
100,083
85
80,743
44
53,852
32
83,606
52
60,724
42
169,026
67
126,222
82
Channel Bank Vegetation 322













45
1














Channel Bed Stabilization 584

1
1
43
1




1,295
5
6,849
12
205
5
2,528
5
1,011
4
63
1




268
14


Critical Area Planting 342 1,120
2
3,497
6
1,559
14
1,528
7
5,793
187
928
14
3,819
27
2,513
23
379
5
9,299
7
42
3


4,376
11
676
7
762
7
Fence 382 83,787
170
187,797
275
174,841
316
220,537
421
288,102
455
267,422
431
268,868
483
235,970
395
244,299
375
120,725
220
69,248
192
70,881
183
183,906
204
195,987
255
211,286
232
Fence - Enhancements E382

























616
2
2,313
5
Forage Harvest Management 511 8,755
277
4,638
162
7,908
208
6,021
196
4,019
106
6,415
170
6,826
165
5,075
85
3,623
98
4,172
60
359
22
295
18
1,612
23
289
16
2,653
50
Forage Harvest Management - Enhancements E511

























66
3
1,747
15
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 2,795
55
2,376
66
1,431
57
2,704
70
3,252
35
3,223
44
898
28
3,343
39
889
28
2,886
32
810
19
995
19
34
4
126
6
880
19
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512



























7
1
Grazing Land Mechanical Treatment 548 495
1
2,807
29


419
14
15,216
1


38
2




156
1


302
5






Heavy Use Area Protection 561



2,423
4
52
1
914
2
5,383
3
1,679
2
1,024
5
1,839
10
65
1




71
3
1,314
3


Herbaceous Weed Control 315











16,570
31
10,408
27
20,850
82
17,731
76
24,461
114
7,995
65
20,783
116
8,621
95
39,216
99
Herbaceous Weed Control - Enhancements E315

























9,617
36
18,628
54
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 15,117
89
23,819
159
94,963
368
95,677
506
134,231
717
89,223
481
89,882
416
62,196
196
23,412
136
17,804
66
2,963
33
3,518
32
3,534
20
31
3
1,046
12
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595



























1,319
12
Livestock Pipeline 516 164,063
169
172,258
203
184,549
199
212,249
210
153,226
207
264,840
217
396,506
220
195,087
222
243,341
212
124,181
129
183,256
115
91,049
109
323,685
102
83,210
111
176,783
131
Livestock Shelter Structure 576



























82
1
Nutrient Management 590 1,445
23
564
10
581
23
2,028
19
728
14
265
24
396
25
428
7
1,327
47
425
18
102
3
4,848
39
2,169
22
378
15
540
14
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590



























628
5
Pond 378 13,670
10
4,588
19
7,445
21
14,241
30
5,995
9
23,596
15
38,377
26
22,821
18
17,496
17
3,183
5
243
4
955
3
6,594
5
1,587
4
10,427
9
Prescribed Burning 338 1,541
1








1,081
3
3,393
3
25,559
30
13,611
11
1,393
5
1,469
2








Prescribed Grazing 528 1,632,052
1,681
795,570
986
946,606
1,203
987,423
1,303
1,041,115
1,602
1,001,439
1,715
1,036,171
1,804
1,122,307
1,575
889,315
1,142
468,087
864
655,577
1,162
483,921
982
525,768
1,111
316,136
593
431,481
994
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528























7,240
3
80,254
254
129,079
403
Pumping Plant 533 71,096
48
28,750
49
16,638
57
34,243
83
178,116
65
71,254
94
136,111
128
82,889
131
129,250
132
45,764
67
388,523
74
47,700
74
47,522
87
58,448
75
76,440
84
Range Planting 550 2,949
15
3,566
26
2,688
33
7,017
59
50,281
44
24,334
29
31,685
33
7,208
24
3,671
19
3,217
18
2,111
9
364
15
1,564
19
1,399
9
22,479
18
Spring Development 574



























895
4
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 817
2
1,974
9
278
4
783
2
2,066
11
9,860
23
9,138
14
1,768
19
9,742
21
3,284
9
211
9
683
7
960
12
283
10
2,227
26
Waste Recycling 633



366
26
























Water Well 642 69,210
67
27,639
61
22,032
44
25,434
68
27,800
48
78,145
77
55,745
81
29,344
70
61,014
65
18,422
34
65,840
39
29,162
47
21,124
33
33,826
43
33,204
49
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638



1,862
3






1,086
2


265
1












Watering Facility 614 247,528
210
175,501
227
203,725
240
307,894
287
218,871
273
539,107
320
627,206
333
422,354
415
233,583
318
170,130
220
261,457
192
166,063
200
414,999
170
133,746
187
294,660
216
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 9,830
34
8,653
37
10,778
53
21,014
77
21,646
62
59,656
77
10,998
62
21,478
55
3,532
34
11,122
20
3,470
13
6,130
32
5,973
24
2,207
16
4,485
34
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 1
1
3
1


70
1
480
1
157
1


768
2
262
4


2,771
10
1,122
2




322
1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Grazing Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of grazing land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)











141
3
151
3
30
2
22
2
140
3








Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 361
10
3,100
20
3,591
18
833
13
4,603
36
4,519
11
13
1
1,472
14
6,098
33
1,249
16
634
2
509
22
933
18
282
10
2,430
19
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























7,240
10
104,357
401
148,283
641
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 1,419,122
1,699
676,443
945
662,879
1,329
839,323
1,343
834,936
2,022
916,087
1,747
962,477
2,147
874,825
1,683
582,981
1,175
335,498
716
561,939
1,036
295,667
616
338,718
840
204,378
354
275,144
797
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP)





963
9






















Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 414,033
1,098
413,029
1,374
552,724
1,616
589,649
2,081
634,507
1,849
630,691
2,052
580,796
1,810
786,043
1,726
698,527
1,613
385,349
1,165
444,871
970
341,567
1,227
465,301
1,132
325,847
1,042
426,012
1,079
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 14,785
22
2,480
2
3,858
9
3,786
1
710
3
4,195
10


2,750
1
1,552
5
1,574
2
7,343
5
7,113
6
3,089
3
5,275
17
2,750
1
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)



























305
8
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO)









411
4
860
2
















Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)





217
2
144
1


241
3
905
4
843
4












Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 14,871
39
2,185
21
50,947
45
32,365
27
109,790
82
10,624
24
40,847
50
10,318
36
2,997
15
54
1
6,791
32
449
13
329
9




Other 23,003
54
5,735
22
5,110
6






















22,295
32
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Grazing Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,803,136
2,922
1,048,232
2,384
1,239,194
3,023
1,427,650
3,476
1,524,852
3,993
1,491,151
3,848
1,534,212
4,016
1,583,839
3,467
1,247,537
2,847
681,490
1,902
966,330
2,048
611,122
1,884
769,589
2,012
585,033
1,824
828,263
2,577
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Irrigation Canal or Lateral 320 191
2
196
2
15
1
1,491
3
106
3


90
3
119
1








129
2




Irrigation Ditch Lining 428 2,143
45
1,384
32
1,403
33
9,386
51
1,400
34
1,509
29
624
18
366
15
719
17
333
7
423
10
186
7
109
6
99
3
51
4
Irrigation Field Ditch 388 533
9
45
1
429
10
1,414
24
265
5
309
3
4,293
3
440
3
340
3
39
1


2
1
74
2
52
1
30
2
Irrigation Land Leveling 464 352
23
439
19
376
27
454
22
895
39
1,316
38
600
31
447
23
272
16
359
26
114
11
110
8
340
15
784
29
130
9
Irrigation Pipeline 430 37,527
613
33,059
678
45,301
774
34,133
706
34,034
641
31,898
627
23,621
471
19,797
493
30,968
525
16,631
397
12,624
304
18,898
308
15,427
389
19,550
436
17,235
375
Irrigation Reservoir 436 3,072
40
4,731
52
4,915
51
2,910
45
2,013
27
3,237
49
2,138
35
1,615
22
6,764
50
2,673
45
1,980
34
2,110
24
1,256
22
2,063
29
967
18
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 1,642
54
3,425
41
1,463
59
10,954
77
13,503
63
7,744
75
6,985
90
4,841
81
1,996
63
4,868
54
932
64
3,441
48
1,647
29
1,134
56
1,399
49
Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442 26,229
309
21,292
298
24,281
327
24,394
353
21,239
307
20,364
290
19,794
291
15,353
266
20,184
275
10,363
218
8,872
203
7,812
191
9,653
172
11,565
215
8,850
136
Irrigation System, Surface and Subsurface 443 15,221
646
15,720
715
19,141
773
14,158
621
13,439
565
17,496
619
9,985
489
6,996
342
7,809
267
5,124
210
3,334
128
4,978
183
4,769
249
6,362
234
5,508
231
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447

39
1


























Irrigation Water Management 449 81,807
1,559
66,838
1,373
129,087
1,988
110,746
1,713
94,754
1,696
107,761
1,913
95,246
2,200
69,906
1,431
86,444
1,523
64,075
1,187
58,167
1,087
57,644
996
56,887
993
39,875
868
40,901
704
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449

























142
1
5,411
65
Land Smoothing 466



























67
5
Pumping Plant 533 14,693
145
13,292
138
14,325
160
9,693
141
9,735
111
8,710
117
9,554
123
11,275
137
10,730
141
8,925
109
6,544
87
4,591
63
7,919
90
8,701
102
11,046
123
Structure for Water Control 587 28,799
555
27,898
634
39,921
706
63,093
681
51,877
741
49,531
598
33,415
478
62,818
468
28,417
501
20,533
374
19,845
293
30,188
359
29,485
398
31,642
422
31,075
391
Toxic Salt Reduction 610







164
2


16
2
62
2














Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Irrigation Efficiency were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated to improve irrigation efficiency by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







84
2
47
2
941
33
905
28
2,138
41
1,797
43
1,530
26
177
5






Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)







232
2
300
2
306
6




1,125
11
368
7
817
11
826
6
616
5


Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)

























1,819
30
6,235
73
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 44,810
1,132
29,409
1,058
59,066
1,338
65,186
1,476
49,543
1,248
69,240
1,515
67,797
1,778
36,982
808
54,226
1,083
27,028
485
26,347
400
30,309
461
21,077
350
10,223
186
5,961
185
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 89,547
2,771
89,752
2,778
121,562
3,473
120,119
2,892
111,352
2,956
96,121
2,757
73,605
2,391
78,377
2,433
74,493
2,245
62,393
2,072
50,562
1,785
47,638
1,710
53,007
2,009
51,798
2,162
60,338
1,817
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)





















34
1
125
2
664
10
3,428
37
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD)

88
7


























Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 2,674
88
3,494
121
1,899
74
1,091
28
798
22
2,601
73
1,642
22
534
11
749
10
195
8
120
3








Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 328
6
380
4
902
14
1,572
39
8
2
1,291
9


157
4
155
1








139
3


Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 9
1
289
6
181
10
91
2
29
2


36
4


13
1
131
9










Other 499
2
267
10


























Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Irrigation Efficiency. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 129,375
4,000
114,839
3,984
175,096
4,909
180,404
4,437
155,001
4,234
160,791
4,358
140,169
4,234
111,336
3,284
122,638
3,381
90,339
2,628
78,274
2,221
77,075
2,188
74,102
2,367
63,558
2,396
74,408
2,112
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 47,102
368
31,419
327
110,112
709
162,683
713
136,701
926
104,767
663
230,857
1,518
161,273
1,214
202,697
1,751
98,436
1,120
94,458
806
93,601
1,160
336,591
3,485
101,797
955
72,124
504
Access Control - Enhancements E472



























86
1
Access Road 560





357
1




614
1
1,270
2






300
2
1,166
1




Brush Management 314



























126,463
85
Channel Bank Vegetation 322







134
1




134
3














Composting Facility 317











123
2
















Conservation Cover 327 35,405
342
18,242
183
48,436
387
195,373
1,320
114,872
782
123,761
767
241,325
1,579
214,802
1,475
196,894
1,749
96,486
952
94,291
758
101,436
1,244
350,300
3,582
112,996
1,153
87,904
742
Conservation Cover - Enhancements E327

























847
7
360
13
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 128,534
1,368
113,159
1,227
218,606
1,682
218,722
2,142
283,396
2,423
274,616
2,902
265,965
2,678
357,176
2,393
258,156
2,455
182,058
1,308
128,828
1,204
324,688
2,019
167,061
1,220
159,587
1,049
129,566
997
Conservation Crop Rotation - Enhancements E328























1
1
10,590
70
21,682
137
Contour Buffer Strips 332



75
1
























Contour Farming 330 193
2
102
3


201
2
358
2
169
1
331
7


17
1
34
2


300
1
303
4




Cover Crop 340 23,701
245
29,936
338
81,248
561
35,176
242
9,576
87
17,825
146
31,738
286
37,410
366
30,208
291
35,234
346
24,490
175
32,123
265
24,268
189
24,892
212
35,496
292
Cover Crop - Enhancements E340

























2,438
11
17,843
91
Critical Area Planting 342 2,387
17
5,742
26
5,005
37
6,388
33
8,732
208
11,308
129
14,054
108
4,881
44
8,685
75
12,090
24
783
14
143
9
7,720
34
4,219
21
2,836
23
Diversion 362 651
4
556
7
675
7
610
7
1,464
12
2,559
8
1,955
8
935
10
1,595
11
364
2
219
4
139
1
2,173
12




Drainage Water Management 554 17
1




























Field Border - Enhancements E386



























1,042
5
Filter Strip 393 1,379
25
1,195
13
766
12
637
8
1,401
46
639
11
324
6
68
2
113
3


54
2


92
11


19
1
Forage and Biomass Planting 512



























1,591
43
Forage and Biomass Planting - Enhancements E512



























1,151
6
Forest Stand Improvement 666



























64,863
227
Forest Stand Improvement - Enhancements E666



























165
4
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 10,280
3
7,227
13
6,665
9
15,311
20
437
7
7,025
19
6,242
18
4,331
8
2,321
15
43
1
1,007
2
1,226
2
1,429
4
4,832
1


Grassed Waterway 412 1,977
12
63
8
204
8
833
5
1,082
34
174
6
5,984
11
660
7
1,607
17
120
4
312
3
17
12
4,151
130
293
4
2,299
10
Heavy Use Area Protection 561

115
2
2,461
7
52
1
914
2
5,430
4
1,679
2
1,168
7
1,839
10
65
1
120
1


104
5
1,335
4


Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 94,519
748
91,736
778
285,451
1,722
361,776
2,316
275,043
1,909
235,722
1,817
216,594
1,630
189,145
1,302
138,730
1,267
85,323
700
42,989
354
66,731
615
59,970
698
38,347
321
43,107
332
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - Enhancements E595

























99,017
614
86,626
651
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 1,642
54
3,425
41
1,463
59
10,954
77
13,503
63
7,744
75
6,985
90
4,841
81
1,996
63
4,868
54
932
64
3,441
48
1,647
29
1,134
56
1,399
49
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447

39
1


























Irrigation Water Management 449 81,807
1,559
66,838
1,373
129,087
1,988
110,746
1,713
94,754
1,696
107,761
1,913
95,246
2,200
69,906
1,431
86,444
1,523
64,075
1,187
58,167
1,087
57,644
996
56,887
993
39,875
868
40,901
704
Irrigation Water Management - Enhancements E449

























142
1
5,411
65
Land Reclamation, Abandoned Mined Land 543





176
1
352
4
989
3




76
2












Land Reclamation, Currently Mined Land 544













279
5














Mulching 484 374
2
217
7
644
1
231
21
3,543
4
873
4
3,237
32
2,157
31
4,130
26
3,438
36
3,903
41
1,631
24
2,888
26
687
19


Nutrient Management 590 74,245
628
79,207
695
166,168
1,180
137,820
1,057
82,791
776
98,610
967
89,029
911
112,420
930
104,365
1,145
101,347
732
69,629
577
74,937
660
39,074
400
72,265
522
68,202
527
Nutrient Management - Enhancements E590

























80,404
442
87,337
632
Prescribed Grazing 528 1,709,565
1,895
924,049
1,656
1,090,469
2,009
1,161,934
2,203
1,184,943
2,435
1,059,159
2,088
1,105,665
2,334
1,220,873
2,211
1,030,689
2,061
565,520
1,465
704,151
1,417
544,328
1,304
652,985
2,141
393,632
918
482,040
1,272
Prescribed Grazing - Enhancements E528























7,240
3
80,254
254
129,335
416
Range Planting 550



























27,562
42
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 50,403
410
53,308
432
29,048
259
38,463
209
52,319
366
51,359
384
35,398
283
62,287
398
54,485
421
50,643
284
37,308
429
208,547
1,185
104,616
631
119,323
691
62,019
513
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till - Enhancements E345

























30,022
137
6,079
34
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 30,120
148
48,382
343
65,800
331
77,508
277
44,995
272
64,364
468
92,311
609
151,510
734
92,664
413
90,055
547
68,310
450
121,153
763
43,173
302
56,640
395
51,706
341
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed - Enhancements E329

























2,197
13
3,659
21
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 480
8
578
7
184
2
489
4
525
7


125
2
1,736
18
262
6












Riparian Forest Buffer 391 4,062
9
2,122
15
1,031
12
16,159
6
806
19
1,474
18
493
7
5,147
9
1,348
6
489
4
2,548
6
368
10
401
4
19
1
78
1
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 237
6
455
4
2
2
45
1
302
3
5,430
4
2,864
8
7,790
5
274
2
972
2
11
1
24
1




215
8
Riparian Herbaceous Cover - Enhancements E390

























9
1


Roof Runoff Structure 558

























13
1


Sediment Basin 350 562
4
640
9
385
6
152
5
1,205
7
490
5
85
5
799
14
519
6
600
6
351
5
18
1
26
1




Stream Crossing 578







32
1
314
9


5,649
7
91
4
15
1
1,030
3
121
5
22
1
5,413
8


Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 1,047
6
1,106
6
399
10
24,940
30
4,184
52
13,081
59
7,708
39
1,366
26
4,292
25
4,624
19
252
6
1,391
21
476
3
256
1


Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 2,613
22
14,219
47
20,040
35
43,516
61
17,516
44
16,982
84
10,642
41
5,375
34
13,639
56
5,931
29
1,525
27
1,232
31
1,956
27
678
16
2,642
38
Streambank and Shoreline Protection - Enhancements E580























71
1


92
2
Stripcropping 585 2,325
18
2,902
21
1,449
16
1,106
6
475
17
5,157
32
5,892
48
1,843
16
2,753
14
506
3
2,088
7


812
3




Structure for Water Control 587 28,799
555
27,898
634
39,921
706
63,093
681
51,877
741
49,531
598
33,415
478
62,818
468
28,417
501
20,533
374
19,845
293
30,188
359
29,485
398
31,642
422
31,075
391
Terrace 600 9,162
33
13,198
51
9,621
51
26,784
97
17,537
61
19,966
76
31,501
111
19,604
94
24,672
118
13,210
43
1,948
11
3,861
13
14,867
50
15,079
58
5,190
18
Toxic Salt Reduction 610







164
2


16
2
62
2














Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 1,198
22
1,443
22
2,724
38
823
10
77,074
29
4,341
31
1,145
35
3,703
33
1,687
31
5,791
17
9,107
12
6,696
22
4,249
12
489
19
4,218
24
Tree/Shrub Establishment - Enhancements E612

























299
8
880
8
Vegetated Treatment Area 635



28
1
23
1




143
1


20
1












Waste Recycling 633 1,916
19
1,358
19
6,220
96
768
19
7
1






26
2




187
2






Waste Storage Facility 313 182
9
920
15
973
23
877
16
1,375
6
267
3
278
3
928
10
335
6


149
3






344
1
Waste Transfer 634

20
1
487
2
5
1


42
2


92
3














Waste Treatment Lagoon 359

27
1
1
1
96
1
17
1






9
1
668
6










Water Well Decommissioning 351

59
1
5,009
35
490
5
48
1


763
3
997
9
1,937
11
277
2
6
1
581
3
956
7
320
3


Water and Sediment Control Basin 638

2,781
3
1,862
3
16
1




1,086
2


265
1
43
1




237
4




Wetland Creation 658 279
9
219
2
58
2
201
6
267
8
50
2




35
1




165
4
36
2


5
1
Wetland Enhancement 659 52,059
10
161,771
26
2,010
20
3,669
26
70,648
38
7,632
40
13,409
26
11,019
45
3,708
22
969
9
534
1








Wetland Restoration 657 2,675
18
1,089
12
3,178
10
11,106
28
1,720
17
810
2


52
1
205
2
32
2
17
1








Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 37,617
201
15,117
124
18,191
184
33,609
192
31,274
155
64,465
185
13,099
147
27,411
139
6,136
89
12,705
67
4,951
33
7,013
55
6,452
66
4,836
130
7,403
95
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 141
6
442
5
338
7
679
8
628
7
195
8
199
8
1,050
13
359
12
71
9
2,775
11
1,182
6
34
4
2,126
31


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• CSP practices and enhancements are applied under the CSP program or the CSP component of the RCPP program starting in FY 2017.
• CSP enhancements associated with a specific conservation practice are aggregated onto one line.
• Refer to Enhancement Summary at top of document for additional information on enhancements.
To learn more about CSP bundles and enhancements, please see CSP FY 2019 Enhancements and Bundles.


The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)



















534
2








Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







231
6
1,054
11
1,362
24
3,996
56
2,789
50
2,607
44
2,228
30
229
4
124
2




Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 81,015
1,115
142,468
1,329
188,533
2,005
222,838
2,435
188,831
1,977
127,036
1,522
291,952
3,188
230,686
2,509
275,593
3,331
175,733
2,358
123,205
1,471
97,106
2,383
140,171
8,228
83,187
2,127
115,297
1,182
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)























9,307
9
242,171
2,020
312,685
2,697
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 1,546,912
4,226
820,057
3,050
950,405
5,145
1,237,652
6,574
1,206,873
6,908
1,168,321
7,477
1,218,429
7,982
1,320,576
7,484
896,649
7,511
558,155
4,331
755,312
4,114
658,874
6,169
554,541
4,062
439,450
3,179
428,631
3,295
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 7
2




904
1




32
1






10
1








Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 348,572
3,130
337,200
3,777
545,754
4,824
426,549
4,301
440,440
4,181
402,165
4,324
335,043
3,940
451,766
3,407
439,292
3,099
286,637
2,591
174,549
2,130
223,652
2,252
228,919
2,170
179,721
2,084
270,199
2,150
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 18,156
28
2,480
2
3,858
9
5,678
6
1,555
6
4,195
10


2,750
1
1,040
4
1,574
2
10,580
13
7,113
6
3,089
3
5,275
17
2,750
1
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)

























582
8
2,663
34
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD)

59
4


























Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 2,574
113
3,022
205
2,186
112
512
46
828
11
1,922
49
2,972
58
1,438
51
1,170
26
153
14
267
7






126
5
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)



















120
1








Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 3,073
42
4,619
57
5,230
65
7,050
134
4,645
64
5,877
59
3,339
25
4,468
51
4,730
34
496
3
152
2


139
1
139
2
812
3
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 4,680
84
3,245
47
12,965
71
18,125
76
20,675
119
7,086
81
34,518
61
4,464
41
6,449
160
529
16
608
38
677
29
329
9




Other 19,741
46
1,552
27












124
1












Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Water Quality. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 2,006,373
8,786
1,298,870
8,498
1,656,131
12,231
1,820,121
13,573
1,797,632
13,272
1,675,990
13,533
1,846,292
15,279
1,965,726
13,600
1,574,166
14,216
1,002,848
9,359
1,052,335
7,809
965,110
10,843
915,031
14,484
894,366
9,437
1,064,539
9,367
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2019
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Creation 658 279
9
219
2
58
2
201
6
267
8
50
2




35
1




165
4
36
2


5
1
Wetland Enhancement 659 52,059
10
161,771
26
2,010
20
3,669
26
70,648
38
7,632
40
13,409
26
11,019
45
3,708
22
969
9
534
1








Wetland Restoration 657 2,675
18
1,089
12
3,178
10
11,106
28
1,720
17
810
2


52
1
205
2
32
2
17
1








Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Wetlands were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with wetland conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)



















534
1








Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)

132
1
2
1






33
7
















Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 51,716
11
58,151
13
426
6
1,651
22
58,079
32
4,162
21
10,473
12
9,087
27
921
10
792
6
17
1
112
4
18
2




Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 28
2


9
2


5,441
9
123
3


32
3


20
1








5
1
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 2,853
22
1,811
25
4,710
22
4,241
36
2,213
17
3,824
20
2,307
7
1,096
12
2,379
14
90
2










Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 155
2
100
1
100
1
64
2
303
5




29
4
11
1
99
2










Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Wetlands. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 54,752
37
60,054
40
5,246
32
5,932
60
60,673
63
8,108
44
12,813
26
10,244
46
3,310
25
1,001
11
551
2
112
4
18
2


5
1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD), October 2019.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.

Return to the RCA Interactive Data Viewer.

For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) 2012-2019 Data October 2019
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) 2009-2011 Data
National Planning and Agreements Database (NPAD) October 2019
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2019
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 31 March 2020*
<http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/cp_co.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]