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Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

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The Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) provides financial and technical assistance to help conserve agricultural lands and wetlands and their related benefits.  Under the Agricultural Land Easements (ALE) component, NRCS helps Indian tribes, state and local governments and non-governmental organizations protect working agricultural lands and limit non-agricultural uses of the land.  Under the Wetlands Reserve Easements (WRE) component, NRCS helps to restore, protect and enhance enrolled wetlands.

Agricultural Land Easements (ALE)


What's New in ACEP?

Agricultural Conservation Easement Program Interim Final Rule - Comments

The public comment period is from February 26, 2015 to April 28, 2015. 

View and comment on the ACEP Interim Final Rule on the website

A summary of the changes is on the NRCS Farm Bill Rules page.

FY 2015 ACEP - ALE Minimum Deed Terms (PDF, 399KB)

Other Documents

Civil Rights Impact Analysis(PDF, 11MB)
Regulatory Impact Analysis (PDF,152KB)
Environmental Assessment
Finding of No Significant Impact

FY 2014 Allocations to States


Agricultural Land Easements (ALE) protect the long-term viability of the nation’s food supply by preventing conversion of productive working lands to non-agricultural uses.  Land protected by agricultural land easements provides additional public benefits, including environmental quality, historic preservation, wildlife habitat and protection of open space.

Grasslands of Special Environmental Significance (ALE-GSS)

Protect the long term grazing uses and related conservation values on eligible private range and pasture lands.  The program emphasizes support of grazing operations, maintaining and improving plant and animal biodiversity, and protecting grasslands and shrublands under threat of conversion to cropping, urban development, and other non-grazing uses.


NRCS provides financial assistance to eligible partners for purchasing Agricultural Land Easements (ALE) that protect the agricultural use and conservation values of eligible land. In the case of working farms, the program helps farmers and ranchers keep their land in agriculture. The program also protects grazing uses and related conservation values by conserving grassland, including rangeland, pastureland and shrubland.  Eligible partners include Indian tribes, state and local governments and non-governmental organizations that have farmland or grassland protection programs.  

Under the Agricultural Land component, NRCS may contribute up to 50 percent of the fair market value of the agricultural land easement.  Where NRCS determines that grasslands of special environmental significance will be protected, NRCS may contribute up to 75 percent of the fair market value of the agricultural land easement.

ACEP-ALE Cooperative Agreements and Deed Requirements:

FY 2015 Cooperative Agreements and Deed Requirements (PDF, 399 KB)

Easement Compensation

FY 2015 ALE Compensation Methodology Requirements (PDF, 1.1 MB)


Land eligible for Agricultural Land Easements (ALE) includes cropland, rangeland, grassland, pastureland and nonindustrial private forest land. NRCS will prioritize applications that protect agricultural uses and related conservation values of the land and those that maximize the protection of contiguous acres devoted to agricultural use.

ACEP-ALE Grasslands of Special Environmental Significance:  Under ACEP, provisions were included to provide an increased Federal share under ACEP-ALE for enrollment of Grasslands of Special Environmental Significance(GSS).  Definition for GSS is pending.

How to Apply

To enroll land through Agricultural Land Easements (ALE) , eligible partners may submit proposals to NRCS to acquire conservation easements on eligible land. To Apply for Agricultural Land Easements in Oregon-- submit an ENTITY APPLICATION for an AGRICULTURAL LAND EASEMENT (ALE) AGREEMENT (NRCS-CPA-41) and PARCEL SHEET for ENTITY APPLICATION for an AGRICULTURAL LAND EASEMENT (ALE) AGREEMENT (NRCS-CPA-41A), SF-424, SF-424A, AND SF-424B.

To be eligible to participate in ACEP-ALE, at the time of application entities must submit the following:

  • A complete Entity Application form (NRCS-CPA-41) and a Parcel Sheet (NRCS-CPA-41A) for each parcel the eligible entity seeks ACEP funding;
  • A written pending offer signed by the eligible entity for the purchase of an agricultural land easement on each parcel submitted with the Entity Application (NRCS-CPA-41);
  • Evidence that sufficient matching funds are available at the time of application;
  • Evidence of entities capability to acquire, manage, and enforce agricultural land easements;
  • Evidence of their commitment to long-term conservation of agricultural lands;

To assist compiling complete application packets the following checklists are available:

Checklist ACEP-ALE OR Entity Application 2015 -- Coming Soon
Checklist ACEP-ALE OR Parcel Application 2015 -- Coming Soon

Submit complete application packets to:

USDA-NRCS Oregon State Office
1201 NE Lloyd Blvd
Suite 900
Portland, Oregon 97217
ATTN: Bari Williams


ACEP ranking will use prior year FRPP for ACEP-ALE, GRP for ACEP-ALE-GSS, and WRP for ACEP-WRE ranking criteria for FY 2014 with minor adjustments.

ACEP-ALE Ranking Criteria
Copy of Oregon Census Data for ACEP ALE Ranking FY14-15
ALE-GSS Screening Criteria
ALE-GSS Ranking Criteria

Wetlands Reserve Easements (WRE)

Wetlands Reserve Easements (WRE) provide habitat for fish and wildlife, including threatened and endangered species, improve water quality by filtering sediments and chemicals, reduce flooding, recharge groundwater, protect biological diversity and provide opportunities for educational, scientific and limited recreational activities.


NRCS also provides technical and financial assistance directly to private landowners and Indian tribes to restore, protect, and enhance wetlands through the purchase of a wetland reserve easement.  For acreage owned by an Indian tribe, there is an additional enrollment option of a 30-year contract.  The Agreement for the Purchase of Conservation Easement (NRCS-LTP-31) will be sent to ranked and selected applications. 

Through the wetland reserve enrollment options, NRCS may enroll eligible land through:  

Permanent Easements – Permanent Easements are conservation easements in perpetuity. NRCS pays 100 percent of the easement value for the purchase of the easement.  Additionally, NRCS pays between 75 to 100 percent of the restoration costs.
Warranty Easement Deed in Perpetuity (NRCS-LTP-30)
Warranty Easement Deed Exhibit D Water Uses and Water Rights

30-year Easements – 30-year easements expire after 30 years. Under 30-year easements, NRCS pays 50 to 75 percent of the easement value for the purchase of the easement.  Additionally, NRCS pays between 50 to 75 percent of the restoration costs. 
Warranty Easement Deed for 30 years (NRCS-LTP-32)
Warranty Easement Deed Exhibit D Water Uses and Water Rights

Term Easements - Term easements are easements that are for the maximum duration allowed under applicable State laws. NRCS pays 50 to 75 percent of the easement value for the purchase of the term easement. Additionally, NRCS pays between 50 to 75 percent of the restoration costs.

30-year Contracts – 30-year contracts are only available to enroll acreage owned by Indian tribes, and program payment rates are commensurate with 30-year easements. 
30-Year Contract-Lands owned by Individual Indians
30-Year Contract-Non-Trust Tribal Lands
30-Year Contract-Tribal Trust Lands
30-Year Contract Exhibit G Water Uses and Water Rights

For WRE, NRCS pays all costs associated with recording the easement in the local land records office, including recording fees, charges for abstracts, survey and appraisal fees, and title insurance.
NOTE: The forms may have minor changes due to ACEP-WRE and landowners will be required to use the updated forms when they are provided.

Easement Compensation

ACEP-WRE: FY 2015 GARCs -- Coming Soon
In the event an appraisal is preferred or the only option for WRE compensation, an offer of enrollment cannot be made in FY 2014 unless a reviewed and approved appraisal is obtained prior to the obligation deadline of September 12, 2014. If the appraisal and review are not completed prior to the FY 2014 obligation deadline, the application must be deferred but can maintain its priority for funding in FY 2015.

WRE appraisal specifications
WRE GARC -- Coming Soon

Land eligible for Wetlands Reserve Easements (WRE) includes farmed or converted wetland that can be successfully and cost-effectively restored. NRCS will prioritize applications based the easement’s potential for protecting and enhancing habitat for migratory birds and other wildlife.

To enroll land through Wetlands Reserve Easements (WRE), landowners may apply at any time at the local USDA Service Center.  To Apply for Wetlands Reserve Easements (WRE) in Oregon –submit an Conservation Program Application (NRCS-CPA-1200) with your local NRCS Service Center.  Your local NRCS Representative will work with you to determine eligibility and provide guidance on additional steps to complete the WRE application as needed.


Final WRE Ranking Criteria -- Coming Soon

More Information

ACEP Fact Sheet (PDF, 1.2MB)


Program Contact

Loren F. Unruh, Leader for Programs, (503) 414-3235.

To learn how to get started with NRCS, visit

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