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Federal Stream Corridor Restoration Handbook Table of Contents

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10/98 Published Version, Revised 8/2001

Last Updated 10/01/2010

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Cover (305 KB)
Introduction (527 KB)
  • Why is stream corridor restoration important?
  • Why is a stream corridor restoration handbook needed?
  • What does the handbook cover?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • How is the handbook organized?
  • How is the handbook intended to be used?
Part I: Background (330 KB)
Chapter 1: Overview of Stream Corridors (3,504 KB)
  • 1A. Overview of Structure and Scale
    • Structure concepts
    • Structure at scales broader than the stream corridor
    • Structure at scales at or below the stream corridor
    • Temporal scale
  • 1B. Stream Corridor Functions and Dynamic Equilibrium
    • Habitat function
    • Conduit function
    • Barrier and filter functions
    • Source and sink functions
    • Dynamic equilibrium
  • 1C. A Lateral View Across the Stream Corridor
    • Stream channel
    • Floodplain
    • Transitional upland fringe
  • 1D. A Longitudinal View Along the Stream Corridor
    • Channel and Floodplain
    • Vegetation
Chapter 2: Stream Corridors: Processes and Characteristics (3,877 KB)
  • 2A. Hydrologic Processes
    • Hydrologic processes – lateral view
    • Hydrologic processes – longitudinal view
  • 2B. Geomorphic Processes
    • Geomorphic processes – lateral view
    • Geomorphic Processes – longitudinal view
  • 2C. Physical and Chemical Characteristics
    • Major chemical constituents of water
    • Nutrient cycles
    • Minor constituents of water
    • Synthetic organic chemicals in water
  • 2D. Biological Community Characteristics
    • Terrestrial systems
    • Aquatic systems
Chapter 3: Disturbance Affecting Stream Corridors (2,209 KB)
  • 3A. Natural Disturbances
  • 3B. Human-Induced Disturbance
    • Common disturbance
    • Land use activities
    • Summary of potential effects of land use activities
Part II: Developing a Stream Corridor Restoration Program (325 KB)
Chapter 4: Getting Organized, Identifying Problems and Opportunities (2,240 KB)
  • 4A. Getting Organized
    • Identify a funding source
    • Form an advisory group
    • Establish technical teams
    • Establish points of contact and a decision structure
    • Facilitate involvement and information sharing among participants
    • Document the process
  • 4B. Problem and Opportunity Identification
    • Data collection and analysis
    • Existing stream corridor structure, functions, and disturbances
    • Existing vs. desired structure and functions: the reference condition
    • Causes of altered or impaired conditions
    • Determination of management influence on stream corridor conditions
    • Problem or opportunity statements for stream corridor restoration
Chapter 5: Developing Goals, Objectives, and Restoration Alternatives (1,702 KB)
  • 5A. Developing Restoration Goals and Objectives
    • Define desired future stream corridor conditions
    • Identify scale considerations
    • Identify restoration constraints and issues
    • Define restoration goals
    • Define restoration objectives
  • 5B. Alternative Selection and Design
    • Important factors to consider in designing restoration alternatives
    • Supporting analysis for selecting restoration alternatives
Chapter 6: Implement, Monitor, Evaluate and Adapt (2,869 KB)
  • 6A. Restoration Implementation
    • Securing funding for restoration and implementation
    • Identifying tools to facilitate restoration implementation
    • Division of implementation responsibilities
    • Installing restoration measures
    • Characteristics of successful implementation
  • 6B. Restoration Monitoring, Evaluation and Adaptive Management
    • Restoration monitoring
    • Restoration evaluation
    • Adaptive management
Part III: Applying Restoration Principles (339 KB)
Chapter 7: Analysis of Corridor Condition (1,787 KB)
  • 7A. Hydrologic Process
    • Flow analysis
    • Stage-discharge relationships
  • 7B. Geomorphic Processes
    • Classification
    • Hydraulic geometry:  streams in cross section 
    • Stream channel stability:  natural channels prior to reconstruction
    • Determining local or stream-wide channel instability
  • 7C. Biological Processes
    • Habitat surveys
    • Biological objectives: diversity
    • Classification systems
    • Vegetation-hydroperiod modelling
  • 7D. Chemical Characteristics
    • Transport of nutrients and other chemicals
    • Assessment of water quality
    • Data collection
    • Quality assurance and quality control
    • Data analysis
Chapter 8: Restoration Design (5,506 KB)
  • 8A. Valley Form, Connectivity, and Dimension
    • Valley shape
    • Corridor connectivity and dimension
    • Designing for drainage and topography
  • 8B. Soil Properties
    • Compaction
    • Soil microfauna
    • Soil salinity
  • 8C. Vegetative Communities
    • Plant community restoration
    • Horizontal diversity
    • Vertical diversity
    • Influence of hydrology and stream dynamics
    • Soil bioengineering for floodplains and uplands
  • 8D. Riparian/Terrestrial Habitat Recovery
    • Vegetation
    • Greentree reservoirs
    • Nest structures
    • Nest islands
    • Food patches
  • 8E. Stream Channel Restoration
    • Selecting/defining the restoration reach
    • Alignment and average slope
    • Channel dimensions
    • Computational models
    • Channel shape
    • Stability assessment
  • 8F. Streambank Stabilization Design
    • Direct planting
    • Anchored cutting systems
    • Geotextile systems
    • Integrated systems
    • Trees and logs
    • Combinations of materials and techniques
  • 8G. In-Stream Habitat Recovery
    • In-stream habitat features
    • In-stream habitat structure
    • In-stream habitat structure design
  • 8H. Land Use Scenarios
    • Design approaches for common effects
    • Agriculture
    • Forestry
    • Mining
    • Recreation
    • Urbanization
Chapter 9: Restoration, Installation, Monitoring, and Management (3,428 KB)
  • 9A. Restoration Installation
    • Site preparation
    • Site clearing
    • Site construction
    • Inspection
    • Maintenance
  • 9B. Monitoring Techniques Appropriate for Evaluating Restoration Efforts
    • Monitoring biological attributes
    • Evaluating physical aspects of the system
    • Water quality monitoring
    • Human interest factors
  • 9C. Restoration Management
    • Streams
    • Forests
    • Grazed lands
    • Fish and wildlife
    • Human use
Acknowledgements (27 KB)
References (153 KB)
Index (35 KB)
Appendices (1,963 KB)
  • A: Techniques
  • B: U.S./Metric Conversion Factors