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Technical Notes - Economics

This web site contains most NRCS Economic and Watershed Technical Notes in chronological order, going back to the 1950s. Additional NRCS technical references are available at the main NRCS Directives System.  Many of the below technical notes are obsolete, and mainly included here for archival purposes, but useful as the watershed projects build since the 1950s are needing repair. These older Technical Notes can be used for training purposes and to understand older watershed evaluations, needed when reviewing a 50-year-old dam for repairs.  Some older State Economic Technical Notes are also listed at the bottom of this page.

Current NRCS Economics Handbooks are available on the Main Economic Reference page.

Most of these technical notes have been superseded by the current   and the current National Watershed Manual and Handbook, and the.  The below documentation is available in Adobe Acrobat, Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, or Microsoft PowerPoint formats.  Most devices already have viewers for these formats.  Thanks to the many current and former economists for furnishing Technical material for this site.

Number/Source Subject Author Date
EOP 49, M-16-01 from CEQ, OMB, CEA, OSTP Incorporating Ecosystem Services into Federal Decision Making CEQ, OMB, CEA, OSTP Ocober 7, 2015
Executive Order 13707 of September 15, 2015 Using Behavioral Science Insights To Better Serve the American People Barack Obama September 15, 2015
Part 613 NRCS National Resource Economics Handbook,  (PDF, 261 KB) Developing Cost Data for Conservation Planning (PDF, 261 KB) Hal Gordon August, 2015
Economics Technical Note 200-ECN-3 Guiding Principles in Calculating Foregone Income for Conservation Planning Hal Gordon August, 2015
Principles and Requirements for Federal Investments in Water Resources, Chapter III - Interagency Guidelines Chapter III - Interagency Guidelines for Federal Investments in Water Resources  OMB, CEQ December, 2014
Economics National Instruction NI_200_300 The Economic Impact Analysis Review Process Mark Peters December, 2014
Economics Technical Note No. 200-ECN-2 Guidelines for Economic Impact Analysis with IMPLAN Mark Peters
David Buland
Aaron Waller
December, 2014
National Watershed Program Manual (PDF, 1.5MB),
National Watershed Program Handbook (PDF, 2.3MB)
National Watershed Program Manual (PDF, 1.5 MB),
National Watershed Program Handbook (PDF, 2.3MB)
George Townsley April, 2014, Revision January, 2015
Economics Technical Note No. 200-ECN-1 Basic Economic Analysis Using T-Charts Hal Gordon August 2013
Principles and Requirements for Federal Investments in Water Resources, Chapters I - Principles and Chapter II - Requirements Principles and Requirements for Federal Investments in Water Resources, Chapters I - Principles and Chapter II - Requirements OMB, CEQ March, 2013
H_200_NREH_610 Part 610 NRCS National Resource Economics Handbook(PDF),
Discount Factors spreadsheets
Mark Xu, READ July, 2012
MT-11 Conservation Pays: Minimal Till Sugar Beets in Northeast Montana Conservation Pays: Minimal Till Sugar Beets in Northeast Montana Rena.Ruffin, MT July, 2012
Economic support at the State Level,
Talking Points at Chief's VTC
Economic support at the State Level,
Talking Points at Chief's VTC
Lesia Reed, Deputy Chief, SPA May, 2012
CP52 Economics Documentation Guide Handbook
 
CP52 Economics Documentation Guide PPT presentation Hal Gordon March, 2012
Environmental Credit Trading Reference Environmental Credit Trading Reference, (PDF 1.8mb) Noel Gollehon August, 2011
National Watershed Programs Manual 3d edition

National Watershed Program Manual 3d edition (PDF, 2.81MB)

National Watershed Program Leader January, 2010, Retired 2014
National Watershed Programs Handbook 3d edition

National Watershed Program Handbook 3d edition (PDF, 80KB)

Marvin Brown, National Watershed Program January, 2010, Retired 2014
FinancialFeasiblityInformationSheet.pdf, (PDF, 14KB) Financial Feasibility and Scheduling Conservation Practice Installation June Grabemeyer, MI August, 2009
The Economics of Culvert Replacement: Fish Passage in Eastern Maine (DOC, 70KB) The Economics of Culvert Replacement: Fish Passage in Eastern Maine (DOC, 70KB) John Long, ME July, 2009
Part 613 NRCS National Resource Economics Handbook, Payment Schedules (PDF, 286 KB) Payment Schedules (PDF, 286 KB) James Rowe June, 2009, Retired 2015
Rapid Watershed Assessment Lessons Learned (PPT, 1.78MB) Rapid Watershed Assessment Lessons Learned (PPT, 1.78MB) Jan Surface, NHQ May, 2009
Search for the Elusive 35%; A Sponsor Dilemma (DOC, 83KB) Search for the Elusive 35%; A Sponsor Dilemma (PPT, 5MB) James Featherston, TX May, 2009
Kansas Emergency Watershed Protection (EWP) Program (PPT, 3.6MB) Kansas Emergency Watershed Protection (EWP) Program (PPT, 3.6MB) Paul Gallagher, KS May, 2009
BioenergyCropProdCostForSwitchgrassBFPMC1-07.xls Bioenergy Crop Production Costs for Switchgrass Flo Swartz, NY March, 2009
BioenergyCropProdCostForWillowBFPMC1-07.xls Bioenergy Crop Production Costs for Willows Flo Swartz, NY March, 2009
Watershed Economics Training (PPT, 58K) Dale Pekar's Watershed Economics Training (PPT, 58K) Dale Pekar March, 2009
National Economic Development (NED) Plan Requirement affecting Watershed Rehabilitation Projects (PDF, 400KB) National Economic Development (NED) Plan Requirement affecting Watershed Rehabilitation Projects (PDF, 400KB) David Buland June, 2008
Conservation Buffers Conservation Buffers: Design Guidelines for Buffers, Corridors, and Greenways National Agroforesty Center March, 2009
HAZUS®MH MR3 Flood Model Technical Manual HAZUS®MH MR3 Flood Model Technical Manual FEMA January, 2009
Missouri NRCS Economics Tool 2 (XLS, 2mb) The Economics of Converting Cropland or Grassland to Forestland(XLS, 2mb) Lauren Cartwright August, 2008
Economics MT-10 Soil Carbon Sequestration Opportunities for Montana Producers (PDF, 51KB) Gerald M. Schaefer Feb, 2008
TN.210.BIME.1 :
Biomass Energy Technical Note No. 1
AN ANALYSIS OF ENERGY PRODUCTION COSTS FROM MANURE ANAEROBIC DIGESTION SYSTEMS ON U.S. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION FACILITIES

Kelsi S. Bracmort

Nov. 1, 2007
Economics Technical Note No. MT-9 Energy Conservation on Irrigated Land in Eastern Montana Gerald M. Schaefer Nov. 1, 2007
TN.190.RP.1 PROFITABLE GRAZING-BASED DAIRY SYSTEMS James B. Cropper Sept. 6, 2007
Economics Technical Note No. MT-8 Variable-Rate Application of Fertilizer Gerald M. Schaefer February, 2007
NWMC Circular 9 National Watershed Manual 390-V Circular 9,
Watershed Program Funds shall provide 100% of cost for flood protection measures.
Deputy Chief for Programs August 24, 2006
Nebraska CPA-52 Training on Economic and Social Considerations Julie Breuer Nov. 20, 2006
West NTSC Fact Sheet : Econ 01.01 An Economics Explanation of Conservation Technology Kevin Boyle Sept, 2006
West NTSC Tech. Note: Econ 101.01 The Economics of Conservation Tillage Kevin Boyle Sept, 2006
NWMC Circular 8 National Watershed Manual 390-V Circular 8,
To Clarify the Review process and policy for Watershed Plans developed through the Watershed Surveys and Planning Program.
Deputy Chiefs for Programs and S&T June 8, 2006

2006 NRCS Guidance for Payment Schedules, and new Application Evaluation and Ranking Tools

Larry Edmonds, RESSD, and Ed Brrzostek, Programs From July 19, 2006 training
Comparison Study of 1200 Recreational Studies by the Forest Service that has US and Regional Average User Day Values by type of activity  These values can be used for computing NED Regional Economic Benefits. It was used as the database for the 2005 study, Updated Outdoor Recreation Use Values on National Forests and Other Public Lands.  USFS 10/2005
Farming for Profit and Sustainability Resource Manual Alternative Enterprises and Agritourism:  Farming for Profit and Sustainability Resource Manual Jerry Namken, RED 6/06
Alternative Agriculture On-Farm Economics of Alternative Agriculture Madalene Ransom 3-06-06
NRCS-MI-Economics #1 Michigan Technical Note  Agricultural Use Land Values June Moss 11-08-05
NRCS-MT-Economics
Tech Note 7
Enterprise Costs and Returns for Different Cropping and Tillage Systems in Northeastern Montana Jerry (Gerald) Schaefer January, 2006
NRCS-MT-Economics
Tech Note 6
Enterprise Costs and Returns for Different Cropping and Tillage Systems in Southeastern Montana and Southwestern North Dakota Jerry (Gerald) Schaefer April, 2005
Gilbert F. White National Flood Policy Forum Reducing Flood Losses: Is the 1% Chance (100-year) Flood Standard Sufficient? Jon Werner and Bruce Julian 12-28-04
Boise St How to Pay Issues of Watershed Restoration Environmental Finance Center
 Boise State University
12-21-04
NHQ National Operation and Maintenance Manual
Backup Copy (962 KB)
NRCS May, 2003
NWSM Circular 7 Policy for Watershed Rehabilitation NRCS/S&T/Watershed 11/15/01
390-11-5 NED Exception Example Letter (118 KB) NRC 09/20/01
KS1 ECN, Kansas Economics Tech Note KS-1 ECN – Environmental Effects for Conservation Plans and Areawide Conservation Plans – Economic Considerations (DOC 61.5 KB) USDA/NRCS/KS
Gaye Bletscher
6-Aug-01
KS5 ECN, Kansas Social Sciences Tech Note KS-5 Environmental Effects for Conservation Plans and Areawide Conservation Plans  Social Considerations (DOC 64.5 KB) USDA/NRCS/KS
Gaye Bletscher
6-Aug-01
Nebraska CPA-52 NE Environmental Compliance and CPA 52 Guidance Sheets (24.5 KB) USDA/NRCS/NE 06/06/01
EPA EPA Guidelines for Preparing Economic Analyses EPA 01/19/01,
updated 2015
Soils Surveys Assessing the Economic Value of Soil Information Using Decision Analysis Techniques (1.67 MB) Soil Science 12/2000
USPL106472
Pub.L.106-472
106 Congress Rehabilitaion of Water Resource Structural Measures amendment to PL566 US Congress 12/2000
OR-EVT-1ECO (10/00) Oregon Economics Documentation Guide (30.0 KB) USDA/NRCS/OR
Hal Gordon
12-Oct-00
AWRA1 Use of Soil and Water Protection Practices Among Farmers in the NC Region of the US (2.71 MB) AWRA 08/01/00
TN1702r99 Estimating OM&R (18.5 KB) S 06/21/99
TN1705r99 Plan Formulation for Animal Waste Management Systems(PDF 15.6 KB) S 06/21/99
TN1706r99 Project Planning for Water Quality Concerns (252 KB) S 06/21/99
TN1801r99 Guide for Estimating Participation In Conservation Operations and Watershed Protection Projects 1999 Revision (PDF 36.7KB) S 06/21/99
TN614r99 The Economics of Nutrient and Pest Management (PDF 23.5KB) S 06/21/99
TN620r1999 TN620r1999 URB1 Data Development Procedures (PDF 117KB) S 06/21/99
NH611 NRCS National Water Resources Handbook for Economics Part 611 (PDF 855 KB) NRCS 07/02/98
300-V-NWSMr98 NRCS National Watersheds Manual Third Edition NRCS 04/02/98 Revised 2014
W2 Appraisal and Valuation for Conservation Efforts (182 KB) W 01/01/98
ERS (87012) Value of Land and Buildings per Acre by County 1950 to 1992 (XLSX 440KB) ERS 2/1/1997
NEH 612 NRCS National Resource Economics Handbook,
Water Quality Part 612
(4.48 MB)
NRCS NHQ RESSD 12/15/96
Economics-Simple, Grazing Lands Economics Understanding Internal Rate of Return and Net Present Value GLTI 8/1996
OBERS, BEA The BEA Regional Projections, 1969 to 2045 (OBERS) projections (3.88 MB) BEA 1996
WH OMB 12866 Economic Analysis of Federal Regulations
Under Executive Order 12866
OMB 1/11/96
MW6 URB1 Data Development Procedures (1.73 MB) MW 9/15/95
NEH 610 1995 Draft NRCS National Resource Economics Handbook,
Part 610 Draft 
(7.84 MB)
NHQ 08/01/95, replaced 2012
W14 A Field Office Procedure for Evaluating CRP Alternatives (762 KB) W 10/19/94      
SCS ECON2 Program ECON2 Program (63.3 KB) S 07/11/94
SCS ECON2 Users Manual ECON2 Users Manual (18.8 MB) S 07/11/94
SCS URB1 Program URB1 Program (49.2 KB) S 07/11/94
URB1 Data Development Procedures URB1 Data Development Procedures (117 KB) S 07/11/94
DE Data Entry Program for Econ2 & URB1 DE Data Entry Program for Econ2 & URB1 (86.1 KB) S 07/11/94
SCS ECN 003 Flood Damage Commercial and Industrial Interview Form (216 KB) S 04/04/94
W13 TN 619 Procedures for Evaluating Flatland Flood Damages (646 KB) W 01/01/94
TN 1708 Plan of Work (POW) Development (1.67 MB) S 12/15/93
OMB EO 12886 EO 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review - whitehouse.gov OMB 10/4/1993
NWM Circular 1993 Determination of Rural Communities for use in Determining Eligibility for Flood Prevention Projects to be installed with FA from PL566 (58.8 KB) Tom Wehri, NHQ 02/22/93
W 12 Using the Environmental Technical Information System in SCS Activities (2.46 MB) W 01/01/93
S TN1705 Plan Formulation for Animal Waste Management Systems (263 KB) S 01/01/93
OMB Circ A-94 OMB Circular No. A-94, Discount Rates For Cost-Effectiveness, Lease Purchase, and Related Analyses OMB 10/29/92, updated 12/2009
300-V-NWS 1992 NRCS National Watersheds Manual, 1992 Edition NRCS 12/02/92, updated 2014
W10 Using Economics to Promote Conservation Practices - A Simplified Approach (3.36 MB) W 11/01/92
SNTC TN 618 Using Economics to Promote Conservation Practices for Total Resource Management, A Simplified Example Approach (1.47 MB) S 10/26/92
MW TN 200-6 Using Economics to Promote Water Quality, A Simplified Example Approach (1.40 MB) MW 09/01/92
TN 617 A Strategy to Promote Residue Management (1.60 MB) S 07/01/92
MW190-7 Meeting NEPA Requirements for USDA Water Quality Projects (0.99 MB) MW 07/01/92
CED Workbook Conservation Effects for Decisionmakers Training Workbook (5.51 MB) NHQ 06/01/92
S1 Determining Cost Share Rates for Watershed Protection Projects (715 KB) E 08/30/91
TN 615 Section V-C Procedural References Guidance for the Development and Use of Case Studies as a Source of Conservation Effects Information (2.02 MB) S 05/01/91
TN 1402 Guidance for Acceptable Management Systems (AMS) (787 KB) S 01/10/91
TN 614 The Economics of Nutrient and Pest Management (0.99 MB) S 09/01/90
W9 The Economics of Nutrient and Pest Management (1.17 MB) W 09/01/90
MW5 The Economics of Nutrient and Pest Management (761 KB) MW 07/01/90
URB1 Urban Floodwater Damage Economic Evaluation (8.22 MB) S 08/01/90
W7 Calculating Manure Spreader Capacity (435 KB) W 06/01/90
W8 Housing Machinery Can Pay (508 KB) W 06/01/90
TN 101 Models and Software (47.0 KB) S 07/01/89
E10 Using Care to Evaluate Project Activities (1.66 MB) E 05/02/89
S3 and W2S Sociology Suggested Data Sources for Sociological Analysis (479 KB) E 05/01/89
W6 Using CARE to Evaluate Project Activities (165 KB) W 03/01/89
TN 1801r Guide for Estimating Participation in Conservation Operations and Watershed Protection Projects (Revised) (1.61 MB) S 02/03/89
W9 Use of Volunteers to Help Develop Crop Budgets (369 KB) W 02/01/89
E9 Distribution of User and Technical Reference Manuals for CARE (304 KB) E 12/01/88
MW200 Shortcut Evaluation Procedures (651 KB) MW 11/01/88
TN 613 Land Value Method for Evaluating Erosion Damage Reduction (721 KB) S 10/01/88
MW2003 Conservation Options Procedure (COP) (3.81 MB) MW 10/01/88
W5 PL566 Land Treatment Evaluation Conservation Options Procedure (1.90 MB) W 04/01/88
Draft Scoping Off-Site Damages (300 KB) NHQ 03/01/88
TN 612 Public Law 566 Land Treatment Evaluation Conservation Option Procedures (COP) (1.32 MB) S 12/01/87
MW190L5 Project Planning for Water Quality (1.97 MB) MW 12/01/87
TN 611 Interactive Conservation Evaluation System (ICE) (1.89 MB) S 04/06/87TN
TN 610 Economic Analysis and Decision Making Procedures for Food Security Act Compliance (2.22 MB) S 04/01/87
TN 608 Linear Programming in Land and Water Resource Planning (4.69 MB) S 09/24/86
TN 1801 Guide for Estimating Participation in Conservation Operations and Watershed Protection Projects (1.92 MB) S 09/05/86
E4 Adjustment Factors to Account for Changes in Future Value (425 KB) E 08/12/86
NEH 1986 National Economic Handbook, entire 1986 draft, 261p (11mb) E 08/12/86
S Stat Meth Tech Note on Statistical Methods (5.04 MB) SNTC 04/16/86
TN 609 Computing Average Annual Rate Of Change (1.23 MB) S 04/14/86
NB Procedures and Criteria for Selecting Watershed Planning Starts (600 KB) NHQ 03/13/86
E 27 Economics - Project Formulation - Incremental Analysis (407 KB) E 02/26/86
E 1 Computing Project Benefits Due To Savings in Future Costs (2.30 MB) E 08/01/85
W 4-4 Economic Flood Damage Schedule (1.03 MB) W 08/22/84
SCS ECN 200 Flood Damage_Residential Properties_Interview Form (323 KB)   06/01/84
NRCS History Articles Walter Lowdermilk's Journey: Forester to Land Conservationist Doug Helms 10/18/1983
NB 390-3-24 1983 Clarification of Policy on Displaying Benefit-Cost (B:C) Ratios in EIS (1.76 MB) NHQ 05/19/83
WRC P&G Economic and Environmental Principles and Guidelines for water and related land resources Implementation studies (1.18 MB) WRC 03/10/83
SCS NB350-3-1 and WRC FY1983 Ref. Handbook FY1983 Reference Handbook For Use with Principles, Standards, and Procedures for Water Resources Planning WRC / SCS 11/4/1982
ID 6 Related Energy Costs (100 KB) ID 07/13/82
WRC FY1982 Ref. Handbook FY1982 Reference Handbook For Use with Principles, Standards, and Procedures for Water Resources Planning (Level C) (1.5 MB) WRC 10/01/81
1981 National Watershed Manual with Amendments 1981 National Watershed Manual with Amendments Title 390-Chapter V replaced by 1992 and 1998 NWM NHQ 09/01/81TN
TN 1704 Economic Effects on Land Treatment On Onsite Sheet and Rill Erosion Control (1.40 MB) S 06/02/81
TN 607 Method of Computing and Recording Cost Estimates for Conservation Measures (1.00 MB) S 10/01/80
TN 606 Alternative Resource Management System Evaluations (984 KB) S 10/01/80
WRC FY1981 Ref. Handbook FY1981 Reference Handbook For Use with Principles, Standards, and Procedures for Water Resources Planning (Level C) (1.5 MB) WRC 10/01/80
WRC 18CFR Part 711 Part II Final Rule, Part II, Principles and Standards for Water and Related Land Resources Planning - Level C WRC 09/29/1980
WRC 18CFR Part 711 Part III Final Rule, Part III, Environmental Quality Evaluation Procedures for Water and Related Land Resources Planning - Level C WRC 09/29/1980
WRC 18CFR Part 711 Part IV Final Rule, Part IV, Procedures for Evaluation of National Economic Development (NED) Benefits and Costs and Other Social Effects (OSE) in Water and Related Land Resources Planning - Level C WRC 09/29/1980
NB Computing Benefits and Costs in Present Value Terms Example (455 KB) NHQ 02/01/80
NB 39-0-8 Economics - Price Basis for Economic Evaluation (186 KB) NHQ 04/29/80
TN 1702 Estimating Operation, Maintenance, and Replacement Requirements. (735 KB) S 01/01/80, revised 1999
NB 39-0-5 Agricultural Price Standards, FY1980, Draft Tables (943 KB) NHQ 12/17/79
WRC 18 CFR Part 713 Final Rule, Procedures for Evaluation of National Economic Development (NED) Benefits and Costs in Water Resources Planning (Level C) WRC 12/14/1979
WRC FY1979 Ref. Handbook FY1979 Reference Handbook For Use with Principles, Standards, and Procedures for Water Resources Planning (Level C) (1.5 MB) WRC 12/14/1979
WRC Principles and Standards Principles and Standards for Planning Water and Related Land Resources (3.79 MB) WRC 12/14/79
NB 39-0-4 Interest Rates for Water and Related Land Resource Project Evaluation, FY 1980 (628 KB) NHQ 12/05/79
SCS 7CFR Part 650 SCS 7CFR Part 650, Compliance With NEPA, Final Rule SCS 8/29/1979
NB 39-9-8 Forms - Economic Evaluations, Interview Information (1.37 MB) NHQ 03/08/79
TN 1701 Planning Multiple-Purpose Reservoirs (1.34 MB) S 11/01/78
TN 601 Adjustment of Crop and Pasture Damage for Recurring Flooding in Frequency Analysis (942 KB) S 10/01/78
TN 602 Residential and Business Damages (2.32 MB) S 10/01/78
TN 603 Residential Floodwater Damage Coefficients (8.01 MB) S 10/01/78
TN 604 Flood Distribution by Months (PDF, 253 KB) S 10/01/78
TN 605 Urban Flood Damages - URB 1 Computer Program (PDF, 773 KB) S 10/01/78
E TN 34 WS1 Authorizations and Directives - Substantiating Data Guide, Preparation and Assembly (PDF, 371KB) E 07/13/78
E TN 16 R2 Economics - Basic Data for Evaluating Floodwater Damages to Crops and Pastures in the Northeast (PDF, 4.45 MB) E 02/06/78
TN WNTC ENG Computation Standards for Engineering Work (Inc. SCS Rounding Guidelines) (PDF, 231 KB) W 01/01/77
E 20 Flood Distribution by Months (PDF, 231 KB) E 09/26/77
E 34 Authorizations and Directives - Substantiating Data Guide, Preparation and Assembly E 07/13/78
E 16 r2 Economics - Basic Data for Evaluating Floodwater Damages to Crops and Pastures in the Northeast (4.45 MB) E 02/06/78
E 20 Flood Distribution by Months (231 KB) E 09/26/77
E 24 Partial Duration Frequency Series in Estimating Floodwater Damages (707 KB) E 06/01/77
ID 4 Resource Evaluation Procedure for Development of New Irrigated Land (694 KB) ID 06/24/76
18cfr
704.39
Title 18--Conservation of Power and Water Resources
Ch. VI--Water Resources Council
Part 704--Plan Formulation Standards and Procedures
Subpart E- Plan Formulation & Evaluation
Sec. 704.39 Discount rate.
US Code 1974
WRC TR7 Manual for Training in the Application of the Principles and Standards of the Water Resources Council WRC Dec, 1974
ID3 Monetary Evaluation of Range Improvement (523 KB) ID 09/20/74
WRC Fed Reg V38n174 1973 Principles and Standards WRC 09/10/1993
E31 Determination of Changed Land Use of Flood Plain Land in Watershed Projects (403 KB) E 06/27/73      
E30 Adjustment of Present Urban Damages to Account for Damages to Expected Future Developments WOP (1.16 MB) E 07/20/73
ID2 Value of Pasture Management for 120 Day Grazing Season (340 KB) ID 02/22/73
SCS WS4 Flood Damage Transportation and Utilities Interview Form (95.3 KB)   06/05/72
E28 A Manual Procedure to Estimate Annual Crop and Pasture Flood Damages (2.95 MB) E 03/15/72
E29 Cost Allocation of Multiple Purpose Channels Serving Other Purposes than Flood Prevention and Agricultural Drainage (364 kB) E 03/15/72
E26 Economics - Guidelines and Adjustment Factors to Account for Changes in Future Values (891 KB) E 11/18/70
E25 Watersheds - Rounding of Numbers in Work Plans (1.75 MB) E 08/06/70
E22 Economics - Floodwater Damages to Roads and Bridges (568 KB) E 06/30/69
E19 Economics - Basic Data for Evaluating Floodwater Damages to Urban Properties (5.23 MB) E 10/09/67
E5 Outline for Developing Preliminary Geologic Data on the Effect of Mining at Structure Sites (819 KB) E 05/25/67
E7 Evaluation of Flood Plain Land Damage (1.29 MB) E 10/20/66
SCS Economics Guide SCS Economics Guide 1966 plus updates NHQ 1966-1971
TN  Economics and Cost Return 1 TN E&CR1 Fence Costs (323 KB) ID 07/01/63      
  Dollars and Sense in Agriculture   01/02/51
US Congress, Senate Document 97 PRINCIPLES, STANDARDS, AND PROCEDURES IN THE FORMULATION, EVALUATION,AND REVIEW OF PLANS FOR USE AND DEVELOPMENT OF WATER AND RELATED LAND RESOURCES (Green Book), Including Supplement No. 1, Evaluation Standards for Primary Recreation Benefits, June 4, 1964

PRESIDENT'S WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL

1958, 1962, reprinted 1972
US Congress, PL 566 PL566 Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act amended 1954
California AES Dollars and Sense in Agriculture California AES 1951    
SCS Publications 109 Conquest of the Land Through 7,000 Years, Introduction Dr. Walter Clay Lowdermilk 1939

 

Montana Economics Technical Notes 

Subject Date Technical Note Number
Directive Tabulation Sheet (printer-friendly version of this document) (PDF; 18 KB) July 2012  
Conservation Pays: Minimal Till Sugar Beets in Northeast Montana July 2012 MT-11
Soil Carbon Sequestration Opportunities for Montana Producers February 2008 MT-10
Energy Conservation on Irrigated Land in Eastern Montana November 2007 MT-9
Variable-Rate Application of Fertilizer February 2007 MT-8
Enterprise Costs and Returns for Different Cropping and Tillage Systems in Northeastern Montana January 2006 MT-7
Enterprise Costs and Returns for Different Cropping and Tillage Systems in Southeastern Montana and Southwestern North Dakota April
2005
MT-6