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Wetlands Reserve Program

NRCS Celebrates 20 years of WRP

20 Years of Restoring America’s Wetlands

More than 11,000 of America’s private landowners have voluntarily enrolled over 2.3 million acres into the Wetlands Reserve Program. The cumulative benefits of these wetlands reach well beyond their boundaries to improve watershed health, the vitality of agricultural lands, and the aesthetics and economies of local communities.


WRP US Map FY2012
WRP sites through FY2012
Restoring America's Wetlands publication.
Special Feature: "Restoring America's Wetlands: A Private Lands Conservation Success Story" (PDF, 2.2 MB) & attached references (PDF, 24 KB)

Easement Program Funding Expiration

The enrollment authority for the Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP), Grassland Reserve Program (GRP), and the Healthy Forest Reserve Program (HFRP) expired on September 30, 2013. The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) is not authorized to take applications or enter into any new contracts, agreements, or enrollments at this time. These NRCS easement programs will not be available for new enrollments until either the current legislation is extended or a new Farm Bill is enacted. The Agency will continue to service prior-year enrollments in these programs.


The Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) is a voluntary program offering landowners the opportunity to protect, restore, and enhance wetlands on their property. 

The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) provides technical and financial support to help landowners with their wetland restoration efforts. 

This program offers landowners an opportunity to establish long-term conservation and wildlife practices and protection.

The goal of NRCS is to achieve the greatest wetland functions and values, along with optimum wildlife habitat, on every acre enrolled in the program.  

Lands eligible for WRP:

  • Wetlands farmed under natural conditions
  • Farmed wetlands
  • Prior converted cropland
  • Farmed wetland pasture
  • Certain lands that have the potential to become a wetland as a result of flooding
  • Rangeland, pasture, or forest production lands where the hydrology has been significantly degraded and can be restored
  • Riparian areas that link protected wetlands
  • Lands adjacent to protected wetlands that contribute significantly to wetland functions and values
  • Wetlands previously restored under a local, State, or Federal Program that need long-term protection 

Lands established to trees through the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) are ineligible for WRP enrollment.

NRCS is committed to delivering all Farm Bill programs authorized through the 2008 Farm Bill and is eager to discuss with all interested parties about the many benefits that the WRP may offer.

Enrollment Options

  • Permanent Easement: A conservation easement in perpetuity. USDA pays 100 percent of the easement value and up to 100 percent of the restoration costs.
  • 30-Year Easement: An easement that expires after 30 years. USDA pays up to 75 percent of the easement value and up to 75 percent of the restoration costs.
  • Restoration Cost-Share Agreement: An agreement to restore or enhance the wetland functions and values without placing an easement on the enrolled acres. USDA pays up to 75 percent of the restoration costs.
  • 30-Year Contract: A 30-year contract option is only available on tribal lands. USDA pays up to 75 percent of the restoration costs.

Under the easement options the USDA will pay all costs associated with recording the easement in the local land records office, including recording fees, charges for abstracts, survey and appraisal fees, and title insurance. Under the voluntary easement the landowner retains the rights to: (1) control of access, (2) title and right to convey title, (3) quiet enjoyment, (4) undeveloped recreational uses, (5) subsurface resources, and (6) water rights.

How to Apply

If you are interested in applying for WRP, please review the documents listed below as they will need to be completed when you apply.   

The following forms are available on the USDA Service Center e-Forms web site:

  • Form NRCS-CPA-1200, Conservation Program Application
  • Form NRCS-LTP-31, Agreement for the Purchase of Conservation Easement
  • Form AD-1161, Application for Payment

For more information on how to apply, please contact or visit your local NRCS office.

WRP Program Information By Year

WRP results data are now housed on the RCA Soil Viewer website,

Links to program-specific reports for FY2009 - 2012 are available on this page.


Migratory Birds Take Flight from WRP Easement in Central Valley, California

Watch live footage as thousands of waterfowl launch from this WRP easement in the northern part of California’s Central Valley.


WRP Photo Gallery

The WRP Photo Gallery contains photos of wetland restoration projects from across the country.