Highly Erodible Land Conservation (HELC) and Wetland Conservation (WC) provisions aim to reduce soil loss on erosion-prone lands and to protect wetlands for the multiple benefits they provide. These provisions apply to all land that is considered highly erodible or a wetland, and that is owned or farmed by persons voluntarily participating in USDA programs, unless USDA determines an exemption applies.
What's New with Conservation Compliance?
The 2014 Farm Bill re-established the applicability of the Highly Erodible Land Conservation and Wetland Conservation provisions to crop insurance subsidies, but the Farm Bill did not change how these were implemented in conservation programs.
USDA is seeking comments on an Interim Final Rule, which would make official this change to conservation compliance provisions. Submit comments on regulations.gov.
Conservation Compliance Process
(web | pdf | txt)
Five Steps to Meet Conservation Compliance (web | pdf)
Definitions of Conservation Compliance Terms (web)
Wetland Conservation Compliance Options (web | pdf)
Conservation Compliance and Wetland Mitigation Banking (web)
Crop List (web | pdf)
Form AD-1026, Highly Erodible Land Conservation and Wetland Conservation Certification (pdf)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Conservation Compliance for Crop Insurance Participants (web | pdf)
August 21 Webinar for Specialty Crop Producers (web | pdf)
Highly Erodible Land Conservation Conservation Compliance for Crop Insurance Participants (pdf)
Highly Erodible Land Conservation and Wetland Conservation Compliance (web)
Affiliated Persons (web | pdf)
Producers, and any affiliated individuals or entities who participate in most programs administered by the Farm Service Agency (FSA), the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), and the Risk Management Agency (RMA) are required to comply with these provisions. Non-compliance may affect the following types of USDA program benefits:
- FSA loans and disaster assistance payments
- NRCS and FSA conservation program benefits
- Federal crop insurance premium subsidies
Reminder: Farmers seeking federal crop insurance premium subsidies for the 2017 reinsurance year must comply by June 1, 2016 by filing form AD-1026. The 2017 reinsurance year runs from July 1, 2016 to June 30, 2017.
Compliance with HELC and WC Provisions
To comply with the HELC and WC provisions, producers must fill out and sign form AD-1026 certifying they will not:
- Plant or produce an agricultural commodity on highly erodible land without following an NRCS approved conservation plan or system;
- Plant or produce an agricultural commodity on a converted wetland; or
- Convert a wetland which makes the production of an agricultural commodity possible.
In addition, producers planning to conduct activities that may affect their HEL or WC compliance, for example removing fence rows, conducting drainage activities, or combining fields, must notify FSA by filing form AD-1026. FSA will notify NRCS, and NRCS will then provide highly erodible land or wetland technical evaluations and issue determinations if needed.
NRCS and FSA Roles in Making Determinations
When making HELC and WC compliance determinations:
- NRCS responsibilities include:
- For HELC compliance:
- Making highly erodible determinations;
- Working with producers to develop conservation plans and systems; and
- When required, determining if highly erodible land is being farmed in accordance with a conservation plan or system approved by NRCS.
- For WC compliance:
- Making wetland determinations, including establishing if certain technical exemptions apply, such as prior converted cropland; and
- Determining if a wetland conversion has occurred.
- FSA makes eligibility determinations, such as who is ineligible based upon NRCS technical determinations of HELC or WC non-compliance. FSA also acts on requests for the application of certain eligibility exemptions, such as the good faith relief exemption.
Highly Erodible Land and Wetland Identification
FSA maintains the official USDA records of highly erodible land and wetland determinations. The determinations are recorded within the geographic information system and the automated farm and tract records maintained by FSA; however, it is important to know that determinations may not include all of the producer's land. Producers may obtain aerial imagery of their farms and a printout of their farm and tract records from the FSA office servicing their farm. If a producer is uncertain of the highly erodible land and wetland determinations applicable to their land, the producer should contact the appropriate USDA Service Center for assistance. The following link will help in locating local USDA Service Centers: http://offices.sc.egov.usda.gov/locator/app.
HELC and WC Non-Compliance
The 2014 Farm Bill re-established the applicability of the HELC and WC provisions to crop insurance subsidies. The Act made no change in HELC and WC implementation with respect to NRCS and FSA programs.
FSA and NRCS Programs
Producers who are not in compliance with HELC and WC provisions are not eligible to receive benefits for most programs administered by FSA and NRCS. If a producer received program benefits and is later found to be non-compliant, the producer may be required to refund all benefits received and/or may be assessed a penalty.
In particular, unless specific exemptions apply, a producer participating in FSA and NRCS programs must be in compliance with an NRCS approved conservation plan or system for all highly erodible land used for agricultural commodity production; not have planted or produced an agricultural commodity on a wetland converted after Dec. 23, 1985; and after Nov. 28, 1990, must not have converted a wetland making the production of an agricultural commodity possible on such converted wetland.
A producer who violates HELC or WC provisions is ineligible for applicable FSA and NRCS benefits for the year(s) in violation. A planting violation, whether on highly erodible land or a converted wetland, results in ineligibility for benefits for the year(s) when the planting occurred. A wetland conversion violation results in ineligibility beginning with the year in which the conversion occurred and continuing for subsequent years, unless the converted wetland is restored or mitigated before January 1 of the subsequent year.
HELC and WC Non-Compliance - Risk Management Agency – Policies Reinsured by the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation
Producers obtaining federally reinsured crop insurance will not be eligible for any premium subsidy paid by the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) for any policy or plan of insurance if the producer:
- Has not filed an accurately completed AD-1026 with FSA certifying compliance with HELC and WC provisions; or
- Is not in compliance with HELC and WC provisions. Unless specific exemptions apply, a producer must:
- Be in compliance with a NRCS-approved conservation plan for all highly erodible land;
- Not plant or produce an agricultural commodity on a wetland converted after Feb. 7, 2014; and
- Not have converted a wetland after Feb. 7, 2014, to make possible the production of an agricultural commodity.
A producer is ineligible for any premium subsidy paid by FCIC on all policies and plans of insurance for the reinsurance year(s) (July 1 – June 30) following the reinsurance year of a final determination of a violation of HELC or WC provisions, including all administrative appeals, unless specific exemptions apply. Further, a producer will be ineligible for any premium subsidy paid by FCIC on all policies and plans of insurance for the reinsurance year if they do not have a completed form AD-1026 on file with FSA certifying compliance on or before June 1 prior to the beginning of the subsequent reinsurance year (July 1), unless otherwise exempted.
Regaining Eligibility for Benefits Lost Because of a Violation
Producers who are found to be in violation of HELC or WC provisions, but acted in good faith and without the intent to violate, may file a request to regain eligibility for the period in violation at the FSA office where their farm records are administered. If the request is approved, producers are required to take corrective action within an established period. There are exemptions that may apply in limited circumstances.
For additional information on HELC and WC compliance, contact the FSA or NRCS office at a local USDA Service Center. Additional information can be found online at www.fsa.usda.gov for FSA, www.nrcs.usda.gov for NRCS and www.rma.usda.gov for RMA. The regulations covering these provisions are set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations at 7 CFR Part 12.
For local events and outreach, click on your state below:
State Offsite Methods Public Comments
NRCS published a Notice for Public Comment in the Federal Register, on the proposed revisions to State Offsite Methods (SOSM) in completing wetland determinations, for the following states: Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota. Read the comments on Regulations.gov.
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