A corridor of trees and/or shrubs planted adjacent to a river, stream, wetland or water body. The planting is of sufficient width and up-gradient and near the water body to insure adequate functioning for the desired purpose.
Some Primary FOTGPractices for this System:
Riparian Forest Buffer (391)
Streambank and Shoreline Protection (580)
Access Control (472)
Prescribed Grazing (528)
Pasture and Hay Planting (512)
Protect near-stream soils from over-bank flows, trap harmful chemicals or sediment transported by surface and subsurface flows from adjacent land uses, or provide shade, detritus and large woody debris for the in-stream ecosystem.
Key Design Elements:
Corridors are planted adjacent to and more-or-less parallel with the stream bank. They must be sufficiently wide to achieve primary purposes (usually 15 to 100 feet).
Tree/Shrub Species Requirements:
Adapted to the soil and climate of the planting site.
Tolerant of extended periods of flooding (depending on the width of the planting and distance from the streambanks).
Moderate to aggressive root and crown spread to occupy the site quickly and provide adequate litter fall.