Establishing perennial vegetation on land retired from agriculture production increases soil carbon and increases biomass carbon stocks.
Residue and Tillage Management,
Limiting soil-disturbing activities improves soil carbon retention and minimizes carbon emissions from soils.
Biogas capture reduces CH4 emissions to the atmosphere and provides a viable gas stream that is used for electricity generation or as a natural gas energy stream.
Roofs and Covers
Capture of biogas from waste management facilities reduces CH4 emissions to the atmosphere and captures biogas for energy production. CH4 management reduces direct greenhouse gas emissions.
Combustion System Improvement
Energy efficiency improvements reduce on-farm fossil fuel consumption and directly reduce CO2 emissions.
Establishing trees and shrubs that are managed as an overstory to crops increases net carbon storage in woody biomass and soils. Harvested biomass can serve as a renewable fuel and feedstock.
Establishing linear plantings of woody plants increases biomass carbon stocks and enhances soil carbon.
Establishment of trees, shrubs, and compatible forages on the same acreage increases biomass carbon stocks and enhances soil carbon.
Forage and Biomass Planting
Deep-rooted perennial biomass sequesters carbon and may have slight soil carbon benefits. Harvested biomass can serve as a renewable fuel and feedstock.
Precisely managing the amount, source, timing, placement, and form of nutrient and soil amendments to ensure ample nitrogen availability and avoid excess nitrogen application reduces N2O emissions to the atmosphere.
Diets and feed management strategies can be prescribed to minimize enteric CH4 emissions from ruminants.
Establishing trees and shrubs on a site where trees/shrubs were not previously established increases biomass carbon and increases soil carbon. Mature biomass can serve as a renewable fuel and feedstock.
Forest Stand Improvement
Proper forest stand management (density, size class, understory species, etc.) improves forest health and increases carbon sequestration potential of the forest stand. Managed forests sequester carbon above and below ground. Harvested biomass can serve as a renewable fuel and feedstock.
Ridge planting promotes organic material accumulation that increases soil carbon. Reconstruction of ridges in the same row year after year will maximize organic matter buildup in the row. Shallow soil disturbance maintains soil carbon in the undisturbed horizons.
Solid/Liquid Waste Separation Facility
Removal of solids from the liquid waste stream improves the efficiency of anaerobic digesters. CH4 generation is maximized within the digester by separating solids from the liquid feedstock. Proper management of the solid and liquid waste streams increases CH4 that is available for capture and combustion.