The right equipment Great Plains Plow (under cutter) pictured above can
help develop proper residue management in the soil.
Soil, water and air
resource protection while improving soil quality.
Conservation Service (NRCS) and Local Work Groups.
To identify and
promote good residue and tillage management systems that provides resource
protection and soil quality improvement.
Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) offered by NRCS, in 2007 targeted, identified
and promoted residue management systems that provided a high level of resource
protection. The problem some soil organic matter increased but would not meet
Residue and Tillage Management No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed for the entire
Soil organic matter
is an indicator of soil quality. Evaluating the planned systems’ biomass
returned to the soil, intensity of tillage operations and soil erosion can
predict trends in soil organic matter. NRCS Soil Conditioning Index (SCI) is
used to evaluate planned systems. Thresholds for eligibility are determined
after evaluating conservation tillage systems that local work groups and
conservation planners want to promote.
Thirty one operators
in five eastern Washington counties adopted Residue Management Mulch Till,
Organic Matter Improvement systems in 2007. Recognizing the importance of soil
organic matter and the associated soil quality benefits, this residue management
system gives them many alternatives while still providing a high level of
resource protection. Operators may change crops, rotation and operations to take
advantage of timely moisture or crop markets, as long as the minimum SCI benefit
is still met. Helping operators to improve their soil quality has many positive
effects, on production and off-site water and air quality. It’s a win-win for
the operator and the environment