PowerPoint has become a common workplace
communication tool. You’ve likely sat through many presentations that you
thought were excellent, and many others that needed some help. What can you do
to ensure that your presentation is high quality, interesting, and enjoyable to
your audience? The basic rule with PowerPoint presentations is: less is more.
The most effective slides are short, to the point, and legible. You'll lose your
audience if they're busy trying to figure out poorly written or poorly designed
Design slides to highlight important points, not
to duplicate your entire presentation. Never read your slides to the audience.
Carefully consider words and images used on each slide, making sure they help
enhance your message. Many people try to crowd too much information onto a
slide, which waters down the main messages and can be confusing and cumbersome
for the audience. Many experts recommend using bullets (not complete sentences)
on the slides, and then expanding on the bullets in your comments. Here are some
more general rules to follow. Use:
Three to five text slides per major concept.
One main concept per slide.
A maximum of six-seven words per line.
A maximum of six-seven lines per slide.
Double spacing between text lines.
Make the color, type, and style the same on all
slides. In PowerPoint, you will have the best luck accomplishing this by
designing a master slide.
Strive for visual balance on your slides. Slides
project best and are most appealing if designed with contrasting text and
backgrounds. Many experts suggest using light text on a dark background (but not
black). PowerPoint has many color scheme templates from which to choose. These
templates include professionally designed color, font, and design combinations.
To create a new template, choose File, New, Design Templates. Click once to
preview a template and double click to select it.
Type should be of a size and font that is easy
to read. Title text should be a minimum of 36 to 40 points in size. Body text
should be at least 24 points for your audience to follow along and avoid serious
eyestrain. If you find yourself thinking or saying to the audience, “you
probably can’t read this...” then you should not include the slide in your
presentation. Often this happens when trying to show a chart that is too small.
Here’s a few options to help solve this sort of problem. First, consider
creating a new chart that shows only the most important elements you’re trying
to highlight. Second, summarize the major elements from the chart in bullet
points. Third, consider dividing the information evenly between two or three
slides. Check the readability of your slides. If you can’t read a slide from the
back of the room, don’t use it. Be sure to leave PowerPoint slides up long
enough for the audience to read them.
Although there are many fun and interesting
fonts available today, experts recommend using two fonts (others say three) in a
presentation. An important side note on font use is to consider which computer
will be used for the presentation. For example, let’s say you designed a
presentation in an unusual font on one computer, then gave the presentation on
another computer with just the standard fonts. In this situation, the unusual
font will be substituted with the default font on the second computer.
Keep it simple
PowerPoint includes numerous special effects,
which, if used appropriately, can add to your presentation. However, many
PowerPoint users fall into the trap of overdoing. They incorporate all of the
fancy features the program offers into one presentation, simply because they
can. But just because you can, doesn’t mean you should. Too much commotion can
leave your audience confused and distracted. Remember you are the focus of the
presentation, and the slides merely emphasize your message.
Use graphics to emphasize
Carefully chosen and placed graphics can
emphasize your points. Pictures are easier to understand and more interesting
than plain text. You can often replace bulleted text with charts, tables, or
photos. Remember to make sure graphic images add to your message, not to detract
from it. Including unrelated graphics, or too many of them, can water down an
otherwise effective presentation. Additionally, since graphics take a lot of
memory, using too many can bog down your computer.
Misspelled or incorrectly used words make the
audience doubt the presenter’s intelligence, credibility, or attention to
detail. Make sure to proofread your presentation. You can also use the spelling
tool by choosing Tools, Spelling (or click the Spelling button). Another option
is to use the Check Spelling As You Type feature. Click Tools, Options, and then
click the Spelling & Style tab. Check the box for Check Spelling As You Type and
then click OK. When this this feature is on, PowerPoint flags misspelled words
by placing a wavy red line beneath them.
The best presenters make their talks appear
effortless, but only because they've practiced. One sure way to fall flat during
a presentation is to give a talk without practice. You can use the Rehearse
Timings feature in PowerPoint to practice the overall length of your
presentation, as well as how long you're spending on each slide. To use the
Rehearse Timings feature, choose View, Slide Sorter so you can see your
presentation in slide sorter view. Click the first slide to select it and then
click the Rehearse Timings button. Talk about each slide just as if you were
actually giving the presentation, clicking the mouse to move to the next slide.
When you're finished, choose Yes in the message box to see your slide timings in
Slide Sorter view. You may also want to arrive early for your presentation to
check the equipment and meeting room.
Have a backup plan
Consider storing your presentation on several
different media (such as your computer hard drive and a CD) in case one fails.
Depending on the importance of the information you’re presenting, and your
comfort level using PowerPoint, you may also consider making copies of the
slides for a handout, in the event of technical difficulties.
For more technical help
This fact sheet was designed to give you some
basic tips on designing a PowerPoint presentation. It was not intended to be a
comprehensive technical resource. If you need technical information, there are
many good sources available to help. Your PowerPoint manual is a good place it
start. It includes a lot of information and ideas, as well as a tutorial. Below
are a few resources we found on the internet. Please note that several of them
have strict copyright rules. Good luck and happy power pointing.
www.smartcoputing.com (Avoid the Mistakes of PowerPoint Rookies by Linda Bird)