Wildlife and Wetland Management Systems
and Wetland Management Systems
The following conservation
practices are commonly used to improve wildlife habitat and wetland values.
Early Successional Habitat Development (Aspen Regeneration)
This practice involves
establishing and maintaining a protective cover of perennial vegetation on land
retired from agriculture production or other lands needing protective cover.
Conservation Cover reduces soil erosion, associated sedimentation, improves
water quality, and enhances wildlife habitat. Conservation cover does not
apply to plantings for forage production or to critical areas. When the
objective is to enhance wildlife habitat, areas should be planted to encourage
maximum plant diversity and to limit disturbance to grassland cover during
primary breeding seasons.
SUCCCESSIONAL HABITAT DEVELOPMENT / MANAGEMENT
This practice is
accomplished by managing early plant succession to benefit desired wildlife or
natural communities. Purposes of the practice include:
� Increase plant
� Provide wildlife or
aquatic habitat for early successional species.
� Provide habitat for
This practice can be
applied on all lands that are suitable for wildlife and plant species associated
with early successional habitats. The intent of this practice is to
maintain desired early successional communities, manipulate habitats to maximize
plant and animal diversity and to protect grassland nesting species by limiting
disturbance during primary nesting season. Exceptions will be allowed for
periodic burning or mowing when necessary to maintain the health of the plant
Hedgerow planting is the
establishment of dense vegetation in a linear design to achieve a natural
resource conservation purpose. Purposes of the practice include providing for at least one
of the following conservation functions:
� Food, cover and corridors for
� Food and cover for aquatic
organisms that live in watercourses.
� Living fences.
Where wildlife is the objective, a
diversity of trees and shrubs should be planted that provide both food and
AND MANAGEMENT OF DECLINING HABITATS
This practice involves
restoring and conserving rare or declining native vegetated communities and
associated wildlife species. Purposes for the practice include:
� Restoration of land
or aquatic habitats degraded by human activity.
� To provide habitat
for rare and declining wildlife species by restoring and conserving
�To increase native
plant community diversity.
� Management of unique
or declining native habitats.
Management of Declining Habitats is frequently used to restore degraded, rare
natural communities that may be impacted by invasive plant species.
Note: NRCS uses the term
"wildlife" to include all animals, terrestrial and aquatic.
HABITAT IMPROVEMENT AND MANAGEMENT
This practice involves
maintaining, improving, or restoring physical, chemical and biological functions
of a stream. The purposes for the practice include:
� Providing suitable
habitat for desired aquatic species and diverse aquatic communities.
� Providing channel
morphology and associated riparian characteristics important to
� Providing aesthetic
values and recreation opportunities associated with stream habitats
angling and fish viewing.
This practice is
utilized to restore and maintain degraded stream habitat and channel forming
processes such as natural meandering and floodplain functions.
OR SHRUB ESTABLISHMENT
Tree and Shrub
Establishment is performed through the establishment of woody plants by planting
or seeding. The purposes of the practice include forest products,
beautification, erosion control, energy conservation, chemical/nutrient sink for
water quality improvement, wildlife habitat improvement, air quality
improvement, and wetland improvements. Tree and Shrub Establishment is
frequently used in concert with other practices to attain a desired effect.
Examples include establishing a woody buffer through Riparian Forest Buffer and
establishing areas of food and cover through Upland Wildlife Habitat Management.
Wetland Restoration is
performed by the rehabilitation of a drained or degraded wetland where the
soils, hydrology, vegetative community, and biological habitat are returned to
the natural condition to the extent practicable. This practice applies
only to sites with hydric soil which were natural wetlands that have been
previously degraded hydrologically and/or vegetatively. This practice is
applicable only if natural hydrologic conditions can be approximated by
modifying drainage and/or artificial flooding of a duration and frequency
similar to natural conditions. The purpose of the practice is to
restore hydric soil conditions, hydrologic conditions, hydrophytic plant
communities, and wetland functions that occurred on the disturbed wetland site
prior to modification to the extent practicable.
UPLAND WILDLIFE HABITAT MANAGEMENT
Wildlife Habitat Management is creating, maintaining, or enhancing areas of food
and cover for upland wildlife. The purpose of this practice is to enhance
wildlife habitat and maintain or increase populations of wildlife species.
The practice applies to all areas where wildlife habitat needs improvement in
food, cover, and management. Habitat development and management
necessary, to achieve the purpose(s), shall be based on a wildlife habitat
appraisal or suitable habitat evaluation.
WILDLIFE HABITAT MANAGEMENT
Wetland Wildlife Habitat
Management involves retaining, creating, or managing wetland habitat for
wildlife. This practice is used to create or improve habitat for
waterfowl, furbearers, or other wildlife. This practice applies on
wetlands and other areas where wetland associated wildlife habitat can be
managed. The practice is planned for specific species of wildlife.
For the desired species, identify the types, amount, and distribution of habitat
elements and the management actions necessary to achieve the management
For additional information related to
these conservation practices, visit the Vermont NRCS Conservation
Practice Information web page.
Waste Management System Practices
and Hayland Management System Practices
Control System Practices
Protection System Practices
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