The county is was historically a major agricultural community. At one time,
more sheep where shipped out of the valley that anywhere else in the nation. The
high-altitude farming raised peas as a major crop with a cannery in the
community. In the 70’s many dairies participated in the USDA dairy buyout. There
are now 8 active dairies left in the county, major crops are alfalfa and grass
hay. Most of the county is under sprinkler irrigation.
The County has experienced incredible residential growth with water quality,
water quantity and wise land use is a major concern. The area is a watershed for
metropolitan areas along the Wasatch Front and has three very large man-made
reservoirs: Jordanelle, Deer Creek, and Strawberry; that serve culinary,
irrigation, and recreational needs. The Provo River is a blue-ribbon fishery for
fly-fishing. Tourism is a major business in the area. Scenic farmland is an
asset that the local people would like to protect. Only one hour from Salt Lake
City, and adjacent to Park City, the county was the cross-country and biathlon
venue of the 2002 Olympic Winter Games, and has 5 golf courses.. Recreation
impacts on natural resources continue to be an issue.
Geologically, the county lies between the Great Basin and the Uintah Basin.
The southeastern part of the county drains to the Colorado River by way of the
Strawberry River. However most of the water from the Strawberry River drainage
is diverted through tunnels from the Current Creek and Strawberry Reservoirs to
Utah County. The northern part of the county drains into the Provo River which
runs southwestward into Utah County by way of Provo Canyon.